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The Pharos-Tribune Editorial Comment. FROM OTHER PAPERS— Big, Business Pays Some people who take a cursory glance at big figures in financial reports of major business corporations get the mistaken impression that it's' all clear profit. A study of the Information Handbook of General Motors Corporation for 1962. could help straighten them out. The statistical summary in the GM. handbook shows .that only a small percentage of income is profit. In 1961, net sales of General Motors amounted to $11.3 billion, but net income was $892.8 /million, or only 7.8 per cent of net sales. Dividends on common stock totaled $707.3 million, or $2.50 a share. Dividends on preferred and common stock represented 80.7 of net ihcQme.- • A; total .of 867,052 stockholders, repre-. seating a cross-section of American life, shared in the dividends. Payrolls' amounting' to .$3.2..billion were'shared by 552,984 employes. These figures represent annual p.ay- rolls and average number of hourly and salaried employes of ; General Motors' Corporation and .its wholly owned subsidiaries. ' ' . . • Taxes paid by GM in 1961 totaled $1.2 billion. These include United States and foreign income taxes of $875.2 million and.state, Ibcal'and Social Security taxes of $372.2 million. The tax outlays are equivalent to.40, ; cents for each dollar of payrolls, $1'.40' for each dollar of' net income, $4.41 '• for each share of cornmom stock alnd 1 . $1.73 for' each dollar paid in dividends.-' The statistical .survey .disclosed that in 'addition to ; these tax 'outlays, sales and 'excise , taxes amounted,. to. $900 million in 1961, bringing 'total ascertainable taxes- applicable to 1 .GM ' operations during the year to' $2.1 bil- . lion. The latter amount is .equivalent to $7.59 per share of common stock and three times total dividend payments in 1961. Earnings of a large corporation go to many segments of the economy and . units of government, - '(Bloomington Herald-Telephone)- - Automation Makes Jobs?: Don't blame automation for unemployment, warns Kenneth D. Cassidy, a vice president of Ford Motors. He 'cites chapter and verse to prove that automation makes jobs and more automation- will make more jobs. That • should be easily proved. Proof would be the key tb the policies that would encourage more automation and with it economic growth and increased employment. . The Philippine Way: B'ack in 1946, the late President 'Ramon Magsaysay of the Philippines was fighting communism on the islands. His policy was "all out force" against the guerrillas 'and "all out friendship" for the villagers under their control. Land and rehabilitation were promised rebels who surrendered. The mixture defeated a communist rebellion as serious as ever threatened any country in Asia. It was recommended io United. States diplomats as-the way to defeat communism ' in Vietnam, and they are beginning to use it to good effect. ! 'PEACE LOVERS LEAP In the Past One Year Ago Fulton'county asked official ruling on Caston . Wistriet ... Bid sent to the Indiana attorney general . . . Seek opinion for school. B-58 "Hustler" to fly in historic trip . . . Plane leaves Bunker Hill AFB for Crosswell AFB in Texas ..'. To fly non-stop trip to Paris. Cadet James A. Goldstine, 21, son of Mr. and Mrs. James H. Goldstine, 417 West Miami, city was to graduate June 7 from the U. S. • Military Academy at West Point, N. Y. . Ten Years Ago Rev. A. E. Helm of Shirley was named new pastor of Main St.. Methodist church. ' . Hold commencement exercises at Logansport high school ... 193 in LHS graduating class. Rainfall was recorded on .20 of the first 25 days o£ May. Twenty Years Ago Mr. and Mrs. Sylvester Barrett, of Lucerne •were parents of a daughter, born in St. Joseph hospital. The. home of Mr. and Mrs. Ira Banta, Clay township, was burned to the ground. Margaret Hedderich, of Camden, was elected to represent Indiana 4-H club girls in a national leadership training school. Fifty Years Ago James Palumbo was "breaking in".a new sedan. Mr. and Mrs. P. H. Higgins, 1721 George st., were parents of a daughter. • The Cass County Prohibition convention was IB he held June 8. PRETENDING WE. CAN f WAITER WINCHELL Broadway and Elsewhere The WWashingtonews: Pollsters tell us that the stand against U.S.. .Steel went against JFK, The public didn't like the high-handed methods. Scared them of "dictatorial practices." S.ec our col'm on the Lowdown about that feud in a few days, please . . .. The Prcz's , election-ace-up-Iiis-sleeve: A solution on Berlin within, praps, 4 months. West Berlin routes will be internationalized . . . They tell us the reason JFK avoids any "meet" with Nikita is this: CIA reports reveal that neutral nations are disenchanted with the Bed blueprint. They feel that if both Russia and Red China are 'undergoing such tremendous food shortages there must- be something wrong with their plan.. . . The SEC just took over the books of a very-top Wall. Street Market Advising firm . . . Sec. Ribicoff just informed JFK "that a new vaccine will make all measles (except German) obsolete 'within 2 years.' " You read that here.many months ago. ber J. Crosby and the inag's Susan Black . . 4 Looks like'the Carol Lawrence-Robert. Goiilet- thing. is on ice. But it didn't take. Bob' Merriiridng to find put. He's been ;' calling, her Long-Kisstance .backstage at'the St.'James Theater.?.' Olga Knight, one of our: star exotic stripips, ran a small. stable of racehosses at Sunshine Park 3 years ago . . . Add Don't Invites: Mike Connolly and. Radie Harris, both of The Holly wood,; Reporter . , , MovietownerS 'are getting iip a'petition "to Pres? Kenriedy ques-,, tioning 'Mickey Cohen's .i'Alcatr'az-. majass . . . Hey! You -B'way-H- wooders: We 'are now ..Variety's : newest cub-mugg. See that Bible's chatter-pages. Founder |Sime Silverman (when we .were serving our apprenticeship) encouraged us with beats he front-paged 3 days later. Sime complimented: "You can always hang your hat here." On the Lighter Side . . Quips • About - Washington: The Billie Estescandal in one word: Solsational. . . The New Frontier is suffering from a Billieache . ... The Washington Mess summed-up: 'Too many fingers in the Pieola . . . From 'Goldfine to Goldmine ., . Dozens of Capitol careers are ruined by the Texascandal ... There's no Fool like a Foolitician .. . . Overheard: "Isn't it awful about those Washington scandals? And just a few\veeks ago Jackie was giving us such a wonderful image." Recommended: Kathy Godfrey's new book, "Genius in the Family," a Big-Time tome. We espe-;, cially enjoyed her recounting how ' this col'm started Arthur on the short-cut to Fame &" Fortune (1934) after two lines here, to wit: "Att'n, Mr. Paley and other network chiefs: How come a ' Big- Time talent like Arthur Godfrey's is on a smalltown microphone?" .,. . Two days later Godfrey was signed by CBS ... He had, just been fired by an Alexandria (Va) radio depot—$35 per week . . . At his peak Godfrey's weekly: wage was $35,000 • . • Happy 1 bestseller, .Kathy! Songcess is a rarity. About 400 new vocalists make records every year. Only 30 have a 'second re-. cording session •. . .' Movie mags are becoming more uniriovielike. Most of them devote splice to recording stars or Mrs. Kennedy. Now the astronauts are starring, in a current fan mag ,, . . Eva Marie Saint's real name is Eva Marie Saint . . . Thornton Wilder's quotable quote: "Many plays —certainly mine—are. like, blank checks. The actors and.j directors' put their signatures on'them" . .•. If you enjoy mellow-swellodies, spin "Sinatra and Strings" in stereo. ' ' The New Yorkers editors are snubbing a skewp: Herald-Trib- Julie London makes siiund seem sexy, even when she's doing a singing commersliill ... Nothing endures on toevce. The word spectacular,is now obsolete, too. They are now called specials, which they shouldn't b<f called— unless they are very . . . Jason Robards Jr., the stair of "A Thousand Clowns," is a grad of Television Univ. He appeared in about '200 tv dramas before Broadway beckoned ... Rich is better: The tv set in Jackie Gleason's bedroom hangs from the ceiling. It is controlled by buttons in (lie headboard of his. bed . . . If-Lana Turner likes a pair of shoes; she buys a dozen pairs in other colors. UFF-A-D*Y By DICK WEOT J WASHINGTON. (UH)[-A j num- "ber of my colleagues, who! lack the ^advantage'" of Waving | been born in 'Texas; -have come iio;me for clarification of the Billie Sol Estes case. It is not so much Iliat they are ' confused by the complexities of his grain storage and cotton! acreage operations. • Anyone in Washington can" find mons "complex; ithings than that, to be ' confused by.- ' : ''. What puzzles them is;how:Estes. ! came to get a name tike Billie -rsoi." • • .-.'..•. .-; Some have suggested thsit his affairs would never have attracted so much public attention I if he had been christened Mortimer, or Outer-Bridge, or something' of that sort. | Such an assumption implies that Billie Sol is an utijusu'al name, which, of course, it isn't. At least, not in Texas. Regarded As Curiosity If it .is regarded as.a curiosity, in the other 49 states, jthat i)s l^e- cause the other states] are ,i|ome- what provincial. ' •". ; j '' . Estes and-I are natives elf tfie same region, and to me his name sounds as commonplace as 'inline would to him. We are. both products of a custom which I regard as wonderfully logical, It takes cognizance of thei.fact that if you name a l:ioy Robert, Alan, Joseph, Thomas, James, Samuel, Albert, Ernest, Philip, Henry, Kenneth, Edw.ard, Benjamin, Michael or Stephen, h<» will likely be called something else.. •So why not just name .him; Bob, Al r Joe, Tom, Jim, Slam, Ernie, Phil,. Hank, Ken, Ed,'Ben, Mike or Steve-and be done'with at? Since the woods already are full .of Bobs, Toms, Jims,: etc., isome 'parents, take the next logical) step and^giye their.sons double'niatnes to aid in ideniificatioiL. ' My own parents dei-'ideSii single name, would' suffice, but I >grew up,, with an .assortment'of Bobby Toms, Billy Bobs, Jimmy Joes, .Sam Jacks aiid T<|mmy Rays. .' '• ' ! •''»'' " Named After Doctor j. As for Billie Sol, if. I am'not mistaken he is the nephew and riamasalte.of a doctor 1 whose! first name was Sol. ' '•!'••' The only drawback;to thift. system of, nomenclature! is' that if you ever move to shine lesis enlightened area, you're in twwble. I have spent a goodly piirl of my adult hf e explaining to credit offices and tax investigator!! that my name isn't my nit knam«i. But they still seem to thinfe that I am trying to pull a fast one. My other difficulty, is with people who arbitrarily changis my name to what they think it Bought to be."This has required a 'lot of , ; straightening'out oval the jjrears.' "Reviews Of TV Shows By RICK; bu BROW HOLLYWQOb! (UPI) .-. Scott Carpenter's 40-niinute loss of radio contact upon, re-en try from his orbital flight resulted Thursday in perhaps the-most terrifying viewing experience American, tel- • > evision has ever;: known. Until a searchjplane picked-the astronaut's high frequency radio beacon out of te Atlantic Ocean and provided a liappy ending for the extraordinary drama, there Was the nightmarish dread that a national tragedy "might be unfolding before millions of persons. Tension*started|to build when Carpenter' began,re-entering' the earth's atmosphere. Loss of radio contact was expected for a few minutes, It had ^happened to his predecessor, Jote Glenn. The few uninutes passed. Then a few more.- And as .no word came the agonizing fear set in. At New York's Grand Central Station, where a ! crowd watched the flight on a large CBS-TV screen, there was suddenly silence and grimness. • It was almost .possible not to •think of Carpenter's wife, parents .and four children] watching and •waiting for "an answer. One television reporter noted that Carpenter had knives in! case of sharks. Ships and aircraft sped to the .area- of his expected landing. Then, suddenly, came. Hie electronic word of contact. And mo-' ,merits .later, viewers heard Col. John Powers announce that a plane had "sighted a life raft •.with a gentleman by the name of .Carpenter in it." The enormous, instantaneous relief that followed'marked the climax of an event that up to then was relatively uneventful on tele- • vision — if an orbital flight can be said to be uneventful. There had been the excitement of blastoff, and i some concern over the heat of Carpenter's suit and 'his dwindling fuel. But it had been a very businesslike flight. Carpenter's- tense verbal reports back to Mercury; control, heard by viewers, .were less colorful than Glenn's, Less /newsmen ! \vere on hand, and there were fewer spectators on Che beach near Cape Canaveral. The comparative lack of sensation of the second three - orbit journey — at lea:st until the end — was satisfying because it meant more emphasis could be given to the practical, research matters at hand. • The Channel iiwim: Sebastian Cabot, of the "Checkmate"' series, guests on; .Red Skelton's CBS-TV show Tuesday ... As expected, Hugh Downs will be the new host of the "Today" show on NBC-TV come fall. NBC-TV's "Hazel", came within .3 of a point of .displacing "Bonanza" as top show in the national ratings for the two weeks ending May 6 ... Today's scheduled appearance of Supreme Court Justice William 0. . Douglas on CBS-TV's "Calendar" was postponed. Friday JEveiiing, May 25,19<52. Quotes in the News By United 'Press International SAIGON, Viet Nam — Lt. Col, Frank B. Clay, U.S. military ad-. viser to Vietnamese troops, on the rebel guerrillas: "They have the same spirit as 'the Crusaders and Saracens -* all fired up for a cause." KORAT, Thailand — Capt Roger 0. Maldonado, attached to the tough -27th (Wolfhound) Infantry, part of the task force sent to Thailand by President Kennedy: "Snakes^ or guerrillas. The Wolfhounds will clear the jungles of'either, or tooth if ordered." SAN DIEGO, Calif. -Navy secretary Fred Korth, expressing pride in the service he heads Col- • lowing Scott Carpenter's successful orbital fliglllj: . . "We are gratified that this flight was made,by a Navy flier. The entire astronaut program should make the .Navy and Marino Corps especially proud." :> CAPE OANATVJERAL -Mrs. Scott Carpenter, on her husband's orbital flight: ''Not once in the past t h r e e years would I have had Scott do anything less ffliiin he did today." Texans who have these simplified names will find that life, is • much easier if they (1) 'Stay in Texas and (2) Stay out of the fertilizer business. ; PHAROS-THIBUNE "The defense rests!" Dally . (except Saturday* aunt Holiday*) 40c per I week dnllr and innclnj by carrier, 1)20.80 per yem In the city of • LoBiuuntort 40o per meek by cnrrior outxiijo of I,i>Ka««port. By[ ninil on rural rniiteH In Gasa, Onrroll, Wllilte, Pnlaafel, Pulton nnd | Miami conntle«» H2.00 per year) outnlde triiatns aren and within Indiana, 914.00 per yenri nntilde Indiana, (18.00 per year. Ml mall «mb«crlptlon» payable In ndvane*. No nan imb>crjlptlonfli apld vrner* carrier ,«errfc« !• malnw mined •• '". .......... jr" ']'.'" - j- ', . ••, Phar.cw edt'abllnhed; , ' f 4$$ffif&> t t-^affn?K^*~-i ***!"****'' ««tabll«IliBa' Journal established ^*«ip»* t ^ - Tribune establlnhnd 1849 ; • ' ,!< '. . !.§• ., •' 114 ; .. ' 1807 Pnbllaned ««lly oxeept Sat«rday nnd holiday* by Pharo«-/rxtl>im> Co., Inc. BIT Hiurt Bn>Bd-wa7,:ijosnn«port, Indiana. Entered an »Mond rln» natter at ta* i>ci«t offlc* at Loirantport, ted., under th» aet of March S. 1879. . '. ',< ' MEMBER) AUDIT HBBKATJ OF CIRCUfcATIOlfS AND tTNITBD ]>RES> INTBBNATIONA1 National A DREW PEARSON Merry-Go-Raund WASBINGiTOR - This', column has examined grim, secret reports to the Centijal Intelligence;,Agency from inside jRed China, describing the cruel conditions which have ^ driven hordes of ftesperatbly nwi- gry Chinese! to storm the gates of Hong Kong".j The Communists once'boasted that they rjad rid China! of the shame • of beggars and 'bandits. But noW begging and crime are . the worst |in China's history.' Goadedl by hunger, men,' women and children steal from their neighbors, raid; market stalls, roam Hie countryside looking for unguarded vegetable patches. Thbsei whci flee to Hong Kong, already 1 teeming with more,than • 1,000,000 refugees, can no ; longer get in. ; In Berlin, the Reds built a wall to keep the refugees in. -At Hong Kongi the British have thrown,!up barbed wire to keep the refugees,out An estimated 40,000 refugees, seeking! food and freedom, have been turned back by British barbed wirei and .bayonets during the past few vrceks. , The personal heartbreak has been palhutic. Here are 'typical conditions described in tliie CIA reports: Suicides 'Increase From Foo<:how: "Recently, suicide cases liiave occurred every day. In: some cases, whole families jumped into the river together to end thein lives. One was the case of a mother who jumped into the river with her three children because her husband had Tuberculosis and was not able to work. As a result of his unemployment, the wife had no rice to feed, her children.: ... "Meat and fish have not been seen for three years. Several persons died recently from stomach hemorrhages caused from eating rice bran. Because of this,, it was forbiddcin tcj eat rice bran. A three-layer cake made from sweet potato leaves, roots, • and pig fodder cost .05 Yuan. Nine out of ten persons! were suffering from the . swelling disease (Dropsy). Only the aged and children could go to the free markets to make purchases.-Cadres (Communiist agitai- tors)-would:be criticized and afr tacked ft they should visit live free aiarketis." From Swulow: ''Two oases of food-snatching which occurred in the central ! market of Swatow were personally witnessed by the infornicint. In one instance, a man, apparently about SO years old, snatched several boiled eggs from a basket carried by a child who had brought them to the market: for :sale. The child and several onlookers gave chase. The egg-snsitcher crammed the eggs in his mouth while he ran and finally eluded his pursuers. On another occasion, a man snatched a steamed fish from a fish stall in the market. He immediately put the fish in his mouth and ran ... "There ani many cases of the;!t around the first of eacll month when the rations are issued. Often, the burglars leavis money in thei rice i containers Lo show that they are stealing the rice only from necessity. Childrcsn Are Robbed "Formerly,; children wore often sent to draw; the family rice ration, but so Imany of th«m were robbed on their way home that this practice lhas been largely discontinued. Even adults are often stopped by groups who either be;; for some oi: their rice, try to force them to sell it, or steal it and throw tl^em a wad of Yuan notes in exchange. These groups sometimes iiiclude militiamen oir low-level Chinese Communist Cadres." From Chao An: "Everyone to required to produce two piculs ot fertilizer pet: month per person (the term fertilizer menus anything that is; used to improve Urn rice fields, isuch as niglitsoil ox fresh topsoil). Since lh« peoplo can pi'oduce! very little nightsoil because of jheir poor diet, they are obliged to dig up fresh dirt and submit it to the authorities. Large holes 'are seen throughout the area, arid people have been forced to jio to faraway hillsides to dig dirl!" From F<mg Huang Commune: "Poultry raising: was common in the familieij of Communist Cadras, but not among ::hc average Commune members. More of the CO;M.- rnune members were raising geese since! these could be fe«f on grass. Moreover, geese' made a great deal joE noise when strar.ig-- crs approached and were not so likely to lx! stolen. "There were five cows 'in tho village. Ono person was assigned to each cw. The five cowherds were people wh> had been condemned as 'landlords' or 'rich farmers.' Cowherding Was tho lowest work: in fie Commune and commanded the lowest number of work points, When a cow beciinio slightly ill, it. was their .practice to report it, seriously ill! Killing of the cow required, the approval of the production brigade and the Commune headquarters, based, on the recomniendation of the production team. To make the recommendation, 'jhe taam helid a meeting to. obtain, a majority- ruling. Everyone voted i:o have (he 'seriously ill' cojv slaugfitered so they could get siime of.me b(!ef." Chinese Ilenefactor One man who is determined to do something about Chinese BU!'« •tering is Diivid Lee of Washing:ton, D.C,, ! a Chinese-American builder, who h;is just returned from Hong Xong burning,with indignation over this refugees' plijghi, He has bcien knocking on Stats Department ] doors, trying to arrange food for -the starving Chinese. Warning that hunf[ry inei are angry, desperate men, Lea pleaded thalj it i:i morally wrong, economicall;r wasteful, and politically dangerous to pile up vast quantities o:j food inside the USA in a world of hunger. He also called upon Chinese Ambassador: T. F. Tsiang, who suggested that American food sin-pluses coulcl.be used to feed nut only the refugees but those who have been left behind. The Ambassador gave his personal opinion that (he Chinese Nationalists wpuld be willing to airdrop American food parcels behind the ISamboo Curtain. Tlie parcels should bi> clearly marked, he. suggested, as gift fctod from the American people. • Almanac. Today is; Friday, May 25, the 145th day of 'the year'with 220 lo follow ill 1902. The moon is approaching its last quarter. The moining stars are Mars, Jupiter ami Saturn. The evening star is Venus. On this jay in history: In 1787, ijelegates lo the constitutional convention held their first regular session, in Independence HaU, Philadelphia^ In 183(i, former'President J'slm Quincy Adiims opposed the annexation of Toxas, fearing the action would bi'inj aixmt war wlh Kex- ico. In 193S, Babe :Ruth swatted the last home run of his career at Forbes Field, where his team, Uie Boston Bhrves, played Pittsburgh. In 1949, Chinsse Communists entered Shanghai as I^fatiomlist troops abandoned the defense of the city. Public F o r u rn The Pliaros-irribune invites views of its readers. Each letter should not e:tceed 3(10 words and must be signed by the writer with address. A request to use initials, and not the full name, will not he honored. Address letters to: Public For- urn, Pharos-Tribune, Logan:!port, Ind, HUBERT 0 King Features Syndicate, Inc., 19C2. 'If that guy sails by here ONCE more, I'll t&row! i tt tim>n<r>Vi fl.t lirm !: M ; ! '