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The Pharos-Tribune Editorial Comment. Public Aid Nightmare Tens of thousands of people on public'assistance live in a nightmare world of drug addiction, alcoholism and violence, the Senate Finance Committee was.told by a group of social workers, who had studied the welfare program in New York city. They urged amendments to President Kennedy's public assistance bill, which they said would take away from the states the authority to deal with their individual welfare programs and subject them to the authority of the Health, Education and Welfare Department. Julius Horwitz, author of the bestseller story of the welfare world, "The : Inhabitants" spent the last six years as a social investigator for New York City. He called for a nationwide probe, to clear up "a national disgrace." '' "The central problem of public assistance is not that able-bodied men won't work, but the production of children within the welfare system," Horwitz said, "I have seen in New York city children born of second and third generation mothers on public assistance, whose landscape is defined by mental institutions, reformatories, adult prisons and the street." -. If public assistance has become a way of life for thousands, who find surcease in drugs, alcohol and violence, then .indeed it is a national disgrace, and we should dig into and root out the causes, not simply be sat-, ]?t led "with the surface cure. 'STOP' TROUBLE The Federal Service Scandals in. the Federal service seem to occur in Administration after Administration. You only have to think of deep freezers, mink coats, vicunas, ten per centers, to recall occasions in recent administrations. Now it is Billie Sol Estes and grain storage. How do you propose to prevent this sort of thing, President Kennedy was asked at -his last press conference.. With over 2 million people in the Federal service, there are a good many who take advantage or try to influence them for private gain, the President admitted. As a result of Congressional intercession, or as a result of special favors in the Administration, a good many of the decision these -men make involve large sums of money, contracts and,all the rest.. Pressures are put upon them. Some succumb. Post do not. What we attempt to do, 'the President said, is to provide procedures whereby any improprieties would : immediately be detected and acted on. And he intends that the personnel .of the United States Government will meet the highest ethical standards possible, and when they do not, action will be taken. But, he added, "My experience is that the great- great majority of them do." That is true of the vast majority of men and women in the Federal service, else the Government would break down. But what is most reprehensible is when the chiselers reach men high up in Government, on or close to the Cabinet or other confidential level. 1 That is when confidence in Govetn- ment is shaken. In the Past One Year Ago Longcliff staff may not be cut, says Goy. Welsh . . . Not .automatic.. . , Hopeful note by Governor. Two Jaycees units win top honors . . . State contestants. ' ' - Chess Masters . . . Chicagoan is chess -winner . . . Largest .attendance ever in Logansport's annual Indiana Open Chess tournament. Ten Years Ago Berry Bowl in gay dresr for Logansport high school prom . '. . Formal affair will climax closing social activities at school. Club gives flower show regulations . ... Annual exhibit by Logansport Garden Club will be held June- 7 and 8. Let contracts for firehouse at' Main and Montgomery streets. Twenty Years Ago John Welsh of Logansport was elected state vice-president of the Fraternal Order of Police. Marion Fultz of Noble township was named a member of Cass-county board of public welfare. Oscar J. Beesey of Logansport was reelected chairman of the board of directors of tht Jnftana Cor 1 *. Merchants Association. Fifty Years Ago Russell Wesson was reported recovering nicely from an appendectomy. Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Chambers, 101 Hanna st., returned from Florida where they had spent the winter. ' • A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. William Gingrich of Adamsboro. WALTER WINCH ELL Brood way and Elsewhere Why are you critical of the Kennedy Administration? When a nation is -about to depart from the proven way to its ancestors there should be a pause at the crossroads. And the theory of the new way, 'at least, should be tested by challenge. The Kennedy Revolution threatens to change our way of life. The Administration's lust for power and •• its use of Police State methods should be of profound concern i!o every American. Now, as never before, the nation needs its Paul Reveres. While the Administration is groping for new objectives it is abandoning the sacred procedures inaugurated by the men who. created this nation. The arrogance of politicians must be challenged by the intelligence of the people. What can ordinary citizens do about it? The ordinary extraordinary citizen can do a great deal. You can write to the While House. You can write to local editors. You can write to Congressmen. You'd be surprised how important your letters are. Politicians realize that every letter is a vote. As long as the Bill of Rights exists—public opinion will triumph. As. long as the public is vigilant—, the Bill of Rights will endure. How important is Southeast Asia to our security? If Southeast Asia is overrun by Communism, it would eventually ' threaten the U. S. defense line in. the Western Pacific. Such are, .the stern' facts of geo-politics. Make ' no mistake about it—our defense line in the Western Pacific protects San Francisco,'',Chicago, New York and Kokomo. they are up' to their necks in mud. How extensive are the ramifications in the Estes scandal? It will be a page-one shocker for weeks if the Congressional probers make an exhaustive .in-. vestigation, We are.rather grimly, amused by the Administration's silence on this affair until the newspapers forced it to hold, a press conference. If it were a GOP scandal, there would be spotlighting galore - 'and Bobby- would be calling for the cops. Meanwhile Dear Bobby is using the FBI to investigate American newspapermen when this great law enforcement organization is desperately needed to fight crime, subversion and corruption. On the Lighter Side . . Do you have any faith in a possible Berlin settlement? While the Reds were talking peace • in Berlin they were in- ••"tensifying the war in Laos. It's a'typical Communist tactic: Talk peace in . one' part of the world while inciting trouble in another. As we have often warned:"'The Reds do not give you a war-or- peace choice.. The choice is fight- 'or-surrender. How can you have peace- when one nation blocks the path? The most .we can hope for is a continuation of the Cold War. 'Administration leaders - talk about' "guide-lines" whicli "justify ' wage increases. What does it signify? '; Pure double-talk. The so : called, guide-lines can be as elastic'as:-,a' rubber ball.-Political expediency can stretch them to inflationary extremes. You can wager the Administration won't do anything •that might, cost 'it votes in 1964— or in the ! Congressional elections this year. , .Politicians. are. always pointing at the stars .while Have you any- comment about the proposed Congressional investigation, of so-called objectionable films? What is objectionable? And who determines what is objectionable? In the artistic field what is and what isn't objectionable/is purely personal. Taste is as individual as a fingerprint. Over the years of-. ficial censorship has limited artistry rather than elevated taste. In my opinion no film can be as pb- jectioriabfeVas censorship. 1 -, ; . ' Are, there any bright spots, .in our economy?, , The high level' of car sales is the, brightest, spot. : ,, '.''.-. ' What is the major "economic problem? The profit squeeze caused by mounting wage costs. Some labor leaders should, be reminded, they , have a large interest in higher .profitii.-Without profits there are no wages, no taxes, no nothing. LAFF-A-D4Y By DICK WEST WASHINGTON (OPI) -Among the newer developments in the exterior decorating field is a quick-drying latex- house p a in t that enables the user to wash'his brushes with soa.p /and water. This is a big improvement and I can understand why the companies that nK«ke this type of paint aire proud of their product and want it to be used in a manner that will provide the best re- 'suits. ' - . But, one of the companies has 'taken what I regaid as a rather dictatorial attitude about this. On tfie lid of the can it has printed in large red letters the following edict: "Use this unusual new paint as directed or please don't use it at all." Believes In Rules . Now in all ol: this fair, land I doubt that you can find anyone more tractable than I am. I believe • in obeying the rules and regulations. I still try to live up to the terms of my scout oath. But when I read that high-handed decree the paint company has imposed on its customers, something came over me. Aftej- making certaiin I wasn't ' being watched, ; I went out and began using the paint not as directed. -In thinking that I could get . away, with it, I underestimated .the curiosity'.of Harvey Tweedle, my next door neighbor who pads around in rubbisr sole shoes. I had barely gotten started on , my illicit. enterprise when I became aware that' he had manag- . ed to sneak "up behind me: , "What's 'lihat ;y»u're doing?" he' said in an accusatory voice. ,"0h, just painting, Harv," I re-. plied, feigning innocence. '"Giving the old fence, a .little touching up... Nothing wrong with that is there?'"'- . ' Depends: On Paint "It depends," he said sternly. "What kind of paint are you. using?", ' ' ' ., - ' ."It's one of those/new latex outdoor paints," I said. "Don't the liireotions .say to scrape off the old paint and apply an undercoat before you'use it?" he persisted. " . He knew he had me, 'and I knew it." ., - • "You're not i^>ing to squeal on me. are you, Harv?" i'said. "As a -good citizen, it's my du£y to report this to fee paint company," he replied. "Any action they might takie is up :to them." I haven't heard from., the 'company yet, but I'm hoping I, can settle out of court. If not, I'Jl •pleade temporally insanity. • • Reviews Of TV Shows Tuesday Evening, May 22, 1963 By RICK DU BROW ' HOLLYWOOD CUPI) - It must .' be frustrating for Vincent (Ben Casey) Edwards to be. the heavy favorite in : tonight's NBC-TV Emmy Awards show, yet know that his boss can', live trithout him. Ordinarily, -a show''business star as hot as Edwards can call his shots''in a knock-down, contract' battle, ' such .as the one , he.'s in especially with a host of Emmy nominations .to aid Ms'•' argument. But Edwards' boss ' is ,'Bing Crosby, .who : needs - anpther.suc- cess about as much as he needs, another dollar — and who is inclined to shelve' projects which give Mm. headaches that interfere with his fishing. . It's hardly likely "Ben Casey" will be shelved, of course. But there is no doubt who has the up'- per hand.. Edwards is under' con- : tract to/Crosby. And, should Edwards ever decide to hold out, he could simply be substituted for. When people talk to Crosby about "stars" and ratings, ,'he just . shrugs and smiles. He couldn't care, less. So a fellow could almost feel sorry -for Edwards Monday night, watching him slave away over a. hot hospital on -ABC-TV, ..'full of. dedication as he triad to save a depressed chemist (James R-an- ciscus). . : /Whether or not .you're a fail, and, I am not", there is "no question "Casey" is the smash commercial television hit -of the season. When Edwards began his contract demands, he was earn. ing $1,750 a week—a tremendous . sum to an ordinary working man, but * good deaj. less than^ other, . television stars he now outehad- ows. What irked Crosby Productions ' was the immense financial package Edwards asked for: -$7,500 .a . week in salary, 25 per cent of the show and a $300,000 revolving fund for test films made-by his, own firm. Crosby offered Edwards a hefty raise, but nowhere near what the actor wanted. Edwards iurned it. down. Crosby then withdrew his offer and told Edwards he would now have to' be satisfied'with the ordinary percentage raise provided for in the original contract. The maneuvering continues. A few days ago, Columbia Pictures announced Edwards had signed to star opposite Sophia Loren in the movie "The Victors." Since no complaints have been heard from Crosby Productions, it is assumed Edwards was thrown a bone in exchange for his obeisance. He has -said he will be back next season, and, in fact, is starting n nationwide tour for "Casey" later this week. .This is only good business sense because, according to sources at ABC, Crosby's contract technically could stop Edwards from working for .anyone ; else if he refused to do "Casey." Of course he could 'go ahead, work elsewhere and say "Sue me." But those tilings get messy. 'In fact, when Edwards first made his demands, it was reported Ben Gazzara was being sought to replace him, But this was the old show business trick of using another actor.'.to keep/ a star, in line. Ironically,, a producer once used Edwards to keep Burt Lancaster in tow. As of now, .1he most that Crosby and Edwards have in common is a love for race 'horses. Crosby . likes to own. them, and Edwards likes to 'bet on them. If Edwards is betting on Crosby's nags, he'll need a -raise. ' , The Channel Swim: -ABC-TV re? - jected at least, four-top .movies in, the bundle it bought from United Artists for .siring next, season: "The Defiant Ones," "I Want To Live," "The Sweet Smell of Success" and "The . Fugitive Kind." MGM set television's- 'Soupy Sales in a family Christmas movie, "Ho-to'jho".. .Sales' hosting, of; NBC-TV's -"Tonight" 1 show the' week of June 4 m&y lead to bigger things for the pie-ttrowing comic if successful.- '" Lee' Marvin stars June 17 in "The Richest Man'In Bogota," an NBC-TV adaptation, of, H,G. Wells' science-fiction story, "The World •Of The Blind".. .-Margaret Leighton and Ralph Bellamy will be joined by • Nancy Wicfcwire, Pat- 'rick O'lNeal, Mildred Dunnock and .Kevin McCarthy June 20 in ".the CBS-TV drama,, "The First Day." BERG OH TOP MUSKOGEE, Okla. '(UPI) Patty Berg of St. Andrews, Dl, won the Muskoge.e Women's Civi•tan Open golf tourney with a 72- PHAROS-TRIBUNE Dully (except Saturday* and Holiday*) 40e per week dolly and Siimlny IIT carrier, WO.80 per yenr In tbe city of Loganiport 40o per vreeb by currier ont«lde of I>OBan>port. By »nnll on rnrnl route* 1» Cam, Carroll, White, Pnlukl, Vnlton and Miami conntle«,j 112.00 peir yean ontnide,trading area and within Indiana. $14.00 per* yenri ont.lde Indiana, »1S.OO per year.. All nail .ob.crlptlon. payable In advance. No mall «nb«crlp«pH» (old where carrier icrrlce l» main* DREW PEARSON Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON. — Some Army commanders seem to regard baseball as the nation's most essential civilian, occupation^ They have. been granting "emergency" leave for professional ball players to join their teams, yet turning down the applications of ' most other seasonal workers, including farmers. those players '\vho are not on leave usually get extra time off to play ball at camp. At Fort M<;ade, Md., for instance, players are issued "Special Duly Orders," permitting them to spend their afternoons at baseball practice instead of military duties. When the team goes on the road to play at other camps, they are assigned to full-time "Temporary Duty" playing baseball. Supposedly, these special privileges are granted so the camp 'will have a good team and win games for the sake ol camp morale. Yet Fort Meade's baseball coach , arid star pitcher, Wynn Hawkins, wus • granted emergency leave to rejoin the Cleveland Indians after - pitching only two games for good' old Fort Meade. . The same thing happened to Fort Belvoir's coach-pitcher, Jim "Mudeat" Grant, who was also released to pitch for the Cleveland Indians whjle his. Army team struggled along without him. The Baltimore Orioles' star shortstop, Ron Hansen, hasn't yet picked up a bat for Fort Meade. He wa's granted a 30-day leave to play with .the Orioles at lhe,open- ing of the baseball season, then was given a 30-day extension, which runs out this month. All the Fort Meade team has gotten out of him is a promise to play—provided, of course, that he ciin't get another 30-day extension. ..Shortly after Hansen was granted extended leave, another Fort Meade shortstop was turned down when he applied for more time off to play professional baseball. He is Reuben Amaro who came to this country from his native Mexico to play baseball and ended up instead 'in the U. S. Army. He has had' a woeful time, indeed, since he showed up in 1959 to play shortstop for the Philadelphia Phillies. His request for permanent residence made him eligible for the draft. The Phillies advised him to join the Reserves instead. He signed up for six months' training which tnok- him out of baseball uniform Bind put him in Army uniform for the first half of the 1960 season. Then he was caught in the emergency call-up last October and shipped to Camp Pickett, Va. Because of his dark skin, the people of Virginia refused to serve him in restaurants and treated him like anything but.a baseball hero. After his transfer to Fort Meade, he was granted leave to play with the Phillies. He couldn't (jet an extension as did Hansen, however, although the Phillies des- jjerately need his services. : Not all the big-league stars in Ihe Army, of courseware permitted to take time out from their military duties to play baseball. Jiteve Barber, for example, gets iiway from Fort Bragg, N.C., to • pitch for the Baltimore Orioles only on week ends. Dick Bertell was granted only 14 days' leave from " Fort Knox, Ky,, to catch for the Chicago Cubs. .The New York Yankees' star in- liclder, Tony Kubek, hasn't bet/i able to get away from Fort Lewis, Wash., at all—although he plays for the camp team. Altogether, 22 big-league players , and a few dozen minor-league players are scattered around ar- 'iny camps. Most of them are playing more baseball than doing anything else. 1 Note—An Army spokesman explained to this column that it was lip to the- local commanders whether to release baseball players to play with their civilian teams. They are entitled to some leave, iShould repay the Army for extra - time off, either in service or cash. Estes' Bank Accounts . The horde of investigators who have converged upon the fabulous financial manipulator Billie Sol Esles are now convinced that he has stashed- awn;' a fortune in secret, numbered Swiss bank accounts.: Billie Sol's business associates have reported that his not only had a rermirkable knowledge of Swiss banking methods buf, had actually spoken of his dealings with the Bank c>f Switzerland. Investigators also have found among'his papers a strange chattel mortgage for $4,774,055 endorsed to 'K. Woinheimcr Co., Switzerland." However, a subsequent letter (or a farm equipment firm claimed "the chattel mortgage... was executed-and recorded merely to give some ambitious individuals something with which to occupy their time." Whether this mysterious mortgage is genuine or was deliberately cooked up to confuse investigator;!, it was filed on March 2 at the same time that he was coming under'federal fire. The secrecy of Swiss bank accounts is protected by the bulky Swiss Constitution itself. Not even the government can force a bank to disclose the names of a depositor or the record of his deposits and withdrawals. As a result, the Swiss have become the world's lending bankers, their vaults the repository of most of the world's shady money. The Code System used by Swiss banks is so complex that it defies breaking. The depositor is given i Secret Code Number, then is provided with a set of tables that enables him to communicate with the bank by other code numbers. , His account number is known only td himself and the bank managers. The set of tables provides serial numbers for the date, type of cuirency, and any messages the depositor may want to send in code. Holders of numbered accounts receivs no bank statements, ex• cept upon request, ^fhen the statements are mailed in plain envelopes with the address scribbled in hand, looking like a personal letter from a friend. Undpr the circumstances, Uncle Sam will never be able to lay a hand on the money Billie Sol has salted away in Switzerland. Quotes in the News W/iSHINGTON (UPI)—An administration official, commenting on'tihe problem ol 1 providing haven in Hong Kong for refugees fleeirg'Red China: "But the hard fact is, there may be no place in the free world for them to go." CAIRO — President Gainal Abdel- Nasser, on the proposed charter lieing studied by the 1 United Arab Republic's new national congi'ess 1 "R/svolution is the only means whereby fee Arab nation can free itself from iis shackles, and get rid of foe dark heritage which burdened it," ST. ! JOSEPH, Mo. - Army Sgt. George E. Groom, who spent 23 days as a prisoner of Communist guerillas in Viet Nam and says he is ready to return: "That's what I'm traii;«xl for, and I just don't like to sit around." Public Forum The Pharos-Tribune invites views of its readers. Each letter should not exceed 300 words and; must be signed by (he writer with address. A request (o use initials, and not (he full name, will not bti honored. Address letters (o: Public Forum, Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Ind. HUBERT -22-£J) __ '© Kins Features Syndicate, Inc:,' 1962. World rights r "Boy, it's a little frightening when you realize you've spent your life savings." Pnbllaked: dally except Saturday and holiday* by Pharoe-TMbume Co., Inc. KM IDaat Broadway, LoBan.port, Indiana. Entered « eeeonii rl»u mitter lit the peat oHIce at Loe»a«port, ted., nnder the act af March S. 18T>. . > , AUDIT BUREAU OF C1RCULATIOSI* AND IWTEBNATZOHTAI, I © Kins Features Syndicate, Inc, 1952. World rifrhta reserved .UNITED NMIeMl , AdTertiftlB* 'How much longer do you expect to be giving icy bill vour ftnmediate attention?"