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THE PHAROS-TREBU?jE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT. INDIANA I'un of All Kindt Puzzles—Stories— Things to Do— Pen .Pols| TV/sf of Wire Was All It Took We thrill to the stories ,of astronaut John H. Glenn's orbital-flight into space, of Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin, of Goodyear's struggle to turn the sap of the hevea rubber tree into useful products and of Fulton and his steamboat. But in the glamor of these stories, we overlook an invention which has benefited everyone in our country as well as those of the entire world. The inven tion is the safety pin. Unlike most of the good things we use today—they are, for the most part, the •work of many hands over great lengths of time—this handy little gadget was the work of one man, Walter Hunt. The idea came to him on April 10th in 1849, as he sat brooding over his problems. It seemed there were.always bills to be paid and never quite enough money to pay them. Right now a friend who had made drawings to accom pany the patent application on one of his inventions was demanding payment of the $15.00 due him. Walter Hunt was an inventor. In fact, he was ona of our country's best, but he was such a poor businessman he • was always in debt. As he sat at his work bench, he picked up a piece of brass wire and bent it this way and that with a pair of pliers. Suddenly he thought, "Why not make a pin with a protected end? Such a pin would not jab into you when used." With a few twists of his pliers, he made a coil spring in the middle of the piece of wire. He filed one end to a point, then he b'ent the other into a shield over the point. In less than three hours, Walter Hunt had not only thought of, but also had made one of the world's greatest conveniences. And before the day ended, he had applied for a patent on his invention and sold it for $400.00, which was a large sum of money to him. The first safety pins were luxury items, each individual pin being- made by hand and selling for about 4 cents. People treasured those they owned, for they got only three or four for the dozen eggs or pound of butter they offered in trade to the pushcart peddlers who sold them from door to door. Although | now made by machines at' a rate of about 90 per minute, present-day models are only slightly improved over Hunt's first. Now safety pins usually have a; flat head instead of the hoop he twisted of wire. Manufacturers in our country annually turn thousands of miles of nickel-plated brass and steel wire and millions of pounds of sheet brass and steel which go into billions of safety pins. Knowing that they are greatly treasured, missionaries and teachers in Africa and other remote corners of the earth use safety pins as awards to pupils doing good work. And being the, most cherished piece of portable property a native boy or girl may own, this same precious safety pin is often returnee on the church collection plate Today's safety pins are made in a variety of sizes. All, however, are extremely handy little gadgets. Manufacturers now advise that babies are no longer the biggest user. This honor is claimed by the garment industry, which utilizes them to hold fabrics to- This little fellow is playing with a four-foot, seven pound safety pin. gether prior'to .stitching Hospitals also use large numbers for fastening bandages, and costume jewelers convert other thousands into bracelets and necklaces. Walter Hunt died in 1859, penniless and unaware that, the little gadget he had created was developing into a great new industry. In addition to the safety pin, he invented a velocipede for children, an ice plow, a street sweeping machine, a student lamp, a revolver, a repeating rifle, a nail-making machine; the first paper collar, a sewing machine and numerous other items. —J. M. Ospah Getting a Head For this game, you'll neec 3 pennies, an empty box lid (a shoe box lid "is fine) and paper and pencil for,, keeping score. Players take turns shaking the 3 pennies from a cupped fist into the box lid. Each coin landing head side up counts 1 point,If all 3 coins land heads up, the score is 5 points. If all 3 coins land heads down, a player' loses his entire score. If you play.with a friend, the first to score 20 'points wins. For the next game, the loser shakes first. ' For a party; the player with the most points after everyone has had an equal number of shakes (5 is a good number) is the winner. ZOO'S .GEORGE ' SCARBO MARINE IGUANA ISA STOCKY ANIMAL WITH A PU6NAGIOU5 AIRnAMOWG OTHER IGUANA, ITIS STRANGELY SOCIABLE.. Nine Charette Children Form Own Singing Group These nine children are the singing Charettes. Back row: from left to right, Mark, 11; Mary, 10.; Parul, 9; and Margaret, 8. Front row: from left to right, Peter, 8; twins Tommy and Theresa, 5; and twins Johnny and Joan, 4. Some Soy That Fredricksburg,Va., Is the Gateway to U.S. History I and Nine brothers and sisters of Sheboygan, Wisconiiin, don't have much time to play to'gether. They are usually too busy singing together. For the past two years, the Charettis children, known as "The Singing Charettes," have been delighting audiences . in parts of Wisconsin with their songs. The young songsters are Mark, 11; Mary, 10; Paul, 9; Margaret, 8; Peter, 6; twins, Tommy and Theresa, 5; and twins, Johnny and Joanie, 4. When the Charette children first began singing two years ago, it was for amusement only. Their housekeeper and companion, Mrs. Josephine Kohls, who cares for them since their mother's 'death four years ago, found keeping nine youngsters occupied is not so easy. , "One day the children became bored with coloring," Mrs. Kohls recalls.' "They asked, "Can't we do something different?" Mrs. Kohls gathered the THE MARINE IGUANA 15 FAMOUS A5THE ONLY LIZARD WHICH' ' LIKES THE SEA,,1T LIVE <:> ALONG THE SHORES OF MANY OP THE GALA" PAGO.5 ISLANDS,, ITS FOOD CONSISTS OF SEAWtED AND ALGAE FOR WHICH ITHASTODIVE. IT HAS LEARNED TO DRINKt SEAWATEK,, /IAARINE IGUANAS ARE UM- AFRAIDANDOW BE EASILY ,'APPROACHED,, WHEN FRIGHT- ENEDjTHEYSQUIRTA SORT OF •WATER VAPOR. FROM EACH NOSTRIL.. THEYOFTEN GATHER" (W FLOCKS' ' OF2TO3 HUNORED.50ME TIMES PILED 3 DEE P.THEY' 6ROWTOBE 5 FEET UONS»- According to many people Fredericksburg, Virginia, is America's most historic city. Fredericksburg and the surrounding area have been an 1 important section of the country from the time Captain John Smith and his followers sailed up the Rappahannock River in 1608. During the Revolutionary War, both George Washington, the Commander-in-chief, and John Paul Jones claimed Fredericksburg as tltieir home. From this section 'came four other important men and presidents of the U n i t e d States. At one time, Fredericksburg was the home of James Monroe, author of the Monroe Doctrine, and in an adj oining county, George Mason, who wrote the Virginia Bill of Rights and the Constitution of Virginia, started his career. James Madison, Father of the Constitution, was. born only twenty miles away from Fredericksburg. Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence, wrote the "Act Establishing Religious Liberty in Virginia" in Fredericksburg. Remember the story about Gporge Washington cutting down the cherry tree? In the community of Ferry Farm, just across the river from Fredericksburg, is General Washington's boyhood home where this event itnay have taken place. , - ' In this' old city many places of historical -interest can be found. For instance, - on the main street is an old 'slave block . . . sticking straight out of the sidewalk. Slaves stood on it to be sold "and fine ladies in their fancy riding habits used it to mount their horses. ' Only a short distance up the street is the first apothecary shop established in America. It was started by Dr. Hugh Mercer and stands as he left it when,he left to join General Washington's army. In the Apothecary. Shop- there are all sorts of 18th century equipment and some of the cure's .bottlad by Dr. Mercer for our forefather's ailments. James Monroe's law office and museum stands in the heart of Old Fredericksburg and in this building/ is the desk on which he signed the Monroe Doctrine. On Caroline Street is the Rising Sun Tavern,-built by Charles Washington, George's brother, where a victory reception was held for Washington after the battle of Yorktown. Mary Ball Washington was our first president's mother and her last home is a spot frequently visited in Fredericksburg. It was bought for her in 1772. Situated on a hill overlooking the city is a college named in honor of Mary Washington. It is the largest women's college in Virginia. Mary Washington College of the University of Virginia draws students from almost every state in the union, and some foreign countries- Many battles were fought in and around Fredericksburg during the Civil War and any tourist may visit the National Cemetery and the Confederate Cemetery where soldiers who gave their lives for the ideals they believed in are buried., An armload of antiques or n This is John Paul Jones' official home in Fredericksburg, Va., ..only part of the many historic features of the town. a memory of historical places'^ may be found in Fredericksburg, no matter where in town you go., —Roberta Ann Snee Captain Hal Has Interesting Pen Pals for You Each Week WANT PEN PALS? Prim your name,, address and age send to Captain Hal, care ol this newspaper. These read ers want letters' from you All you have to 'do. is write them. v * * • ' " Linda Life, ,RR 5, Highland PI., Peru, Ind. Age 8. ' Kathy Lucas, 615 West St. Peru, Ind. Age 11. Steven Rothgeb, 1020 South Johnson, Bluffton, Ind. Peggy Die'tz, 1150 West By ronell Dr., Mobile, Ala. Age 11. Melanie Hedlund, .Atwater Minn. Age 6. / Cindy Killian, 706 Kentucky Ave,, Signal Mt;, ; Tenn. Age '--n.'- - ; '.- , •••.'.' Linda Rudisill, Rt. 4, Lincoln^ N.C. Age 11. •- • - -. J u d y Moore, 1 508 .National Highway, .Thomasyille.'N.C Age 12. ' '-- ' Brain Teaser It's Money in the Bank " Whose pictures are on the denominations listed after each number?. Match them up and win a fortune—in points: 1. $ 1.00 a . William'McKinley $ 5.00 b. $ 10.00 c $ ,,20.00 - d. $ 50.00 ' e . $ 100.00' f $ 500.00 •' g, $1,000.00 h., SCORING: Count 1,000 points for each correct answer in numbers 5-8; count 750 ppints, each for numbers 1-4. A' score of 6,000-7,000 makes you. a banker; 4,0,00-5,000, loaH shark; 2,000-3,000, teller; 750-1,000, night watchman; 0,^Unemployed. ;.•-.•-. ANSWERS: 1. d; 2,'h; 3. b; 4. e; 5. f; 8. g; 7. a;'8! c. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6'. •7. 8. Alexander Hamilton Grover Cleveland George Washington" Andrew Jackson.' U. S. Grant Benjamin Franklin Abraham Lincoln I want a pen pal very badly. Patricia Vick, 209 Logan Cir- ,cle, Jamestown, N.C. Age 10. - * # '* Janice .Cook, 17 Norman Rd., Saugus, Mass. Age 13. Jeanne Aker, RR 1, Craigville, Indi.Age 13. Irene Wheeler, c/o F.A.A., Box 103, Tanana, Alaska. Age 7. Gregory Violette, 101 State St., Buhl, Minn. Charles Allen, South Main St., Polk, Ohio. Age 14. Louise Irviri, 585 Miami, Akron, Ohio. Age 12. Stephanie Hiser," 718 Thoreau . Ave., Akron, Ohio. Age 11. Dennis McCabe, 667 Ranney St., Akron>' Ohio. Age 11,. Barbara Stover, 1062 N.. Fort- age Rd., Doylestown, Ohio. , Age 10. Puzzled Poliiwog By Frances Gorman Risser Pete Polli'wog swam gracefully Along the little brook; He switched his tail and hummed a tune, Then backward chanced to look. "Oh, d e a r," he muttered nervously, "Somebody's on my trail— I see two legs. They're treading on My long and lovely tail!" He swished about, but still the legs Stayed right .upon his track, Then suddenly he shouted: •"Why, They're growing from my back!" His tail was gone—he was a frog- He'hopped,about in glee; "To think I was afraid because My own legs'followed me!" children around the phonograph. "I thought they might enjoy listening to records and singing along with the vocalists as a 'new game'." The children took to the new game with enthusiasm. It didn't take Mrs. Kohls long to recdgnize that the children had musical abilities. Recognising an unusual blend of voices, the house-j keeper encouraged the children to iiing at every opportunity. Within a short time, the Charette youngsters had memorized lyrics and tunes of iieveral isongs. Singing together everyday became an enjoyable pastime. When friends and relatives heard ti'ae group sing, they pasised the word around about thd ability of these youngsters. Soon "The Singing Charettes" were performing for many public gatherings,. In the past year, they've appeared on two leading Wisconsin television stations. Mary, the oldest girl, is the acknowledged leader of the group. "Singing together has done much for the children," Mrs. Kohl mentioned. "They've always been a closely knit group, but now they are even closer." Their father, Bob Charette ii> especially proud of his children. "Keep practicing," ha tells them. —Donna Lugg Pape COLUMN Variety time on Puzzle Lane; CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Piece of fireplace fodder 4 Window,glass (pi.) 6 Sack 7 Road 9 Within 10 Behold! 11 Comes after nine 13 Head covering 14 Adored 16 Sailor DOWN 1 Loiter behind 2 Upon 3 Diamond, for instance 4 TV quiz show 5 Dinner course 6 Bridle part 8 Cooking utensil 12 Negative word 13 Pronoun 15 Virginia (ab.) CITY SQUARE Find the right starting place, then read each letter up-, down, across, or backward (but not diagonally) to find the six cities hidden in this square- by Puzzle Pete. Just as a hint, the correct starting letter is "L". o $ T 0 M H V o & N E 6 N 5 W R T 0 L L A L C K-' 6 N E 0 £ E E R. H 1 £ t E V V N.. e ,A w A N D D E SCRAMBLERS Decide the letters needed for the first definition, then scramble them for the second: Shounaker's tool Lath Capable Cotton bundle Chicken Flood - Volcano's mouth Drayman Change Tardier READ EVfSRV m/ffO ( YOU OIRK.TTON) YOU U. FIN TRIANGLE Puzzle Pete has based his word triangle on ORDEALS. The second word, is an abbreviation for "senior;" third "conducted;" fourth "a musical instrument;" fifth "a girl's mime" and sixth, "a continued story." Complete the triangle: 0 R D E A ORDEALS' Answers sivaxrao T.VIH3S HHAT dan HS 0 Sut.tnp sajru <IO 'SSVdWOD !iAoy.'iM3£ .' :SH!iTISWVHQS Photo Facts (28) by Bill Arter . No. 5 WHICH FLASHBULB. IF, YOURS IS A SIMFTLE (BOJHYPE) CAMERA. YOU CAN'T SO mom. THE: BULB THAT FITS: YDUR FLASH HOLDER ISTHERI6HT Sl.Z'E. BLUEButBS -SHOULD BE USED ONIY FOR COLOR HIM,- WHEN SHOOTINS OUTDOORS, OR WHEN USIN6 mYUeHrCOLCH? FILM INDOORS. ALWAYS USE CLEAR BULB KK BLACKS WHITE .", IFYOUUSEAHANKr-FOf? OUTDOOR CLOSE-UPS, BE- SUREIFDOESN'rCOVER LENS. COLOR SHOTS YOU ARE LIKELY TO THINK OF FLASK AS USEFUL ONLY INDOORS ORATNieW. IT CAN BEMOST HELPFUL EVEN IN BRIGHT SUN. REMEMBER TO USE A BLUE BULB, AND. AT LESS THAN 8 FEET, AS IN THIS PICTURE, PUT A HANDKERCHIEF OVER FLASH UNIT. USING FIASKIIJ PAYLISHTCOLOR SHOTS ELIMINATES'HARSH SHADOWS. ITIS CALLED "pILL-IM ILLUMINATION" YOU MAVJ USE FLASH (WITH CIS ARBUL8) OUTDOORS FOR THE SAME PURPOSE WITH BLACKS WHITE FILM in wholi « In part pnnlblM iwpt ty pumtahn of Hmtapti Intortrlu Association—PilnM In U.S.4.