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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois • Page 14

Freeport, Illinois
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PAGE FTKTRt THE FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD MONDAY; JUNE III MB 1GE-I FOR PRESENT. IT DOESN'T DIRECTLY MEAN MUCH BUT MAY INDIRECTLY BY MORGAN M. BEATTY Feature Serciie Writer Washington. June the first wage and hour law is 3 you. back up a i and the history of the thing in lu motion.

The first scenes take vou back lo the days before the Civil war when the steam eneine was developing the foundation for a modern industrial system. Then jump to 1900 and the birth Ol the automobile. Now go ahead a little way to the first assembly line, and mass production in the automobile You're up to 1910. Look at the expansion thai mass production and high speed transportation started in all industrial and building activity. Note the skyscrapers in the cities and the huge mechanical harveiters in the wheat fields.

You've just run through the bare essentials of the making of industrial America. All through those early years, the job was the thing. America was developing regardless Of cost or consequences or purely human elements in the picture Bur all ihe while, the processes of industrialization were changing lives and habits and customs. We did not stop to analyze the changes while they were going on. And neither dfd the' men we sent to Washington to make our laws.

Voices In The Wilderness Nevertheless, a social problem was in the making- The industrial system was creating the sweatshop. It was using children to operate machines at extremely low wages. But. the industrial leader had to show his stockholders a profit He had to meet competition, Workers had to make a living. Ttie natural laws of supply and demand and survival o'f' tKe fittest were operating, as usual.

But these natural laws were tough on a lot of people. It was only logical that they should protest. And by 1912, the agitation intrigued the leaders ot supply the Matiriili Monthly hymcnU 40Mila Special for the Remainder of June $3.45 $3.45 fM Machlneless M.M Genuine New--BOLLYWOOD COCKTAIL FACIAL--Only fft 9UC Sale. If tired of wearing jovr hair ttae oM way, let us style it for you. Tie BEAUTY SPOT (Mary Kilken E.

Iroquois Main 3058 Open Mon. and Fri. Evenings (major political parties. 1 The Job of translating Into law blind protests against a svstem was lot easier than done. After four years of wrangling congress produced In 1916 the first two Jaws designed to moot the protests--the eight-hour law for the railroad workers and the anti-child labor law.

The supreme court tossed out the child labor law on the ground that it was a matter for the to i regulate, and not congress. The i eight-hour law passed muster bei cause the railroads crossed state lines I Meanwhile the protests against some ol the practices in industry continued. Congress responded i 1918 with a Jaw to guarantee women workers a minimum wage In the fed! erally operated District of Columbia. The court threw that because it seemingly interfered with 1 an individual's right to makf a contract to his--or The Door Swings Open i Congress in 1924 put the child la- I bor question up to the in the I form of a constitutional amendment, I but it was never ratified. Last the supreme court reversed itself on I minimum wages, and held that a 'state, at least, could set up a i wage standards for women.

Other decisions enlarged the meaning of interstate commerce, intimating i that a similar law for businesses that cross state lines could be passed by congress. In effect, the supreme couit was cracking open the door to more mod- crn labor legislation. The Roosevelt New Deal, with promises to the un- del-privileged, could hardly overlook the opportunity. But again it was easier to talk better wages and fewer hours than to put them into law. For what was to be done with such Industries as canning, where the work has to be done when the tomatoes or the salmon are ready? And what about competing industries, like i cotton and wool textiles, when onei was a low-wage industry and the I other fairly Could you give' one the advantage overnight? For nearly two years now, congress has been wrestling with such questions.

Three trial balloons have been sent up, and shot down by critics. Now comes the fourth--a compromise. Naturally, a law that's gone through so much difficult history as the wage and hour bill of 1938 cannot be appraised offhand either as good or bad. It is simply a be- i ginning in a tricky legislative field beginning toward a 40-cent minimum wage and a 40-hour week, with modifications for industries and section of the country, especially I the south. You can judge how much of a beginning it is By this: Conservative statisticians in the government estimate that no more than 300,000 persons will get more pay or work fewer hours at the start.

But there are a couple of important points to watch: 1--You should remember that it i now the policy of the United 'States government to assure workers enough wages to promote their "health, efficiency, and well-being." Before now. the natural laws of supply and demand, and survival of the fittest, were surpreme in that field. Will tfncle Sam be successful? 2--Also, you will constantly hear the 40-cent hour and the 40-hour week discussed in the press, on the radio, in the workshops, homes, clubs--everywhere. Will it become a national yardstick for wages and hours? That's what happened to the "eight-hour day" in 1916. PLATINUM BLONDE BEAVERS FOUND IN Poverty, Trouble Couldn't Stop Mother DEATHS Rearing three Tine girls while She struggled for the home fate had snatched from her.

Mrs. Vivian Walker is a livinc proof that being "on relief" is not a hopeless prospect. Shr is teaching alt thrrr. Berly, Helen and Mina Lee. lo play Ihe piano, and keep- Ing them regularl in school.

Mn. Entente GUbtri Mrs. Eugenie H. Gilbert, widow of the Jate Edward M. Gilbert and a well known realdent of Freeport, passed away at a local hospital Saturday afternoon.

Bhe resided at 1508 West Lincoln boulevard. Funeral services will be held at the Walker mortuary. West Main street, at 2 o'clock Tuesday afternoon. A Christian Science retder will conduct the services and the King's Daughters service will also be conducted. Funeral arrangements will be in charge of Harry C.

Snyder and Harry L. Evans. Interment will be made at Oakland. Eugenie H. Van Loo was born in New Orleans.

Aug. 19. 1874. the daughter of Richard H. and Adeline Van Loo.

With the exception of three years spent in Michigan she passed, the greater part of her life in Freeport. Her marriage to Eugene Snyder took place June 1895. Mr. Snyder passed away Aug. 2, 1912.

She was married April 9, 1928, to Edward M. Gilbert, who passed away Feb. 12. 1938. She is survived by two brothers.

R. E. Van Loo, Prairie View, 111.. Eugene H. Loo.

living in Michigan and a niece. Mrs. Marcus MacKmney. ChicaRO. I Mrs.

Gilbert attended the local I Church of Christ Scientist and was an active member of the Comforting Circle of King's Daughters. She was also affiliated with the Order of Eastern Star and White Shrine of Jerusalem. Stephen H. Nelson Stephen Hardin Nelson. Illinois Central yardmaster in Chicago and a brother to S.

H. Nelson, 49 North West avenue, passed away in Chicago Thursday. Funeral services were conducted in Chicago today. S. H.

Nelson and members of his family attended. Interment was made in Mount Greenwood cemetery. Miss Laura Cramer Miss Laura Cramer, a native of Mn. huttaotf about MO. MM WM ewtod in dwth by and two Baar? IMnvt, Dtvb Dmvii, 111., June ilein- ert, ta, died Sunday morning at the home of MO, Roy Melnert.

He bom Oct. 30. in Rock Orove township, the of Mr. and Hermand Meinert. and was confirmed in Bt.

church at Eppleyanna April 17, 1170. On Sept. 29. 1M1 he wu united in marriage with Miu Mary Miller. He is survived by one daughter, Mrs.

Vernon Keicter, of Davis, six sons, Ralph Melnert, of Davis. Walter and Roy Melnert, of Rock City, Frank of Dakota, Samuel and Oscar of Juda, twenty-nine grandchildren and eighteen grand-grandchildren. His wife, one daughter, two sisters and one brother precded him in death. Funeral services will be held at 1:30 o'clock Tuesday afternoon from the home of the daughter, Mrs. Vernon Kelster, and at 2 o'clock from St.

Paul's church at Epplyanna. Burial will be made in the adjoining cemetery. FUNERALS Edward A. LlUey The funeral of the late Edward Allan Lille'y will be held from the home. 35 South Hooker avenue, at 9 o'clock Tuesday morning, with a requiem mass at St.

Catherine's P. L. PITCHER PLANT IS FIRST AMOK BAMSTERS Of SOU Foremott among the angaters of the plant world the pitcher plant. More than two centuries ago this striking, odd and very beautiful plant attracted the attention of gardeners. A Dr.

Sarracen. of Quebec, who was a naturalist as well as a physician, is responsible for its botanical name. However, the common name of "pitcher plant" is the one most familiar to our ears. It Is also called the devil's cup, the huntsman's cup. the side-saddle plant, the trumpet plant, writes Louise Aldrich Meissner in the New York World-Telegram.

It is found in marsh lands in many parts of the United States and in many varieties. The large, handsome, often curiously mottled leaves are closed at the bottom and usually I take the shape of a pitcher, which accounts for the name "pitcher plant." They sometimes have a wing or keel on one side and are from one to two feet long. These leaves are covered with honey glands, which! attract flies, moths, ants and other insects. The leaves are also covered with fine hairs, pointing downward, which very effectually prevent the (escape of any hapless intruder who ventures over the rim. The insect soon falls down into the bottom of the leaf and is gradually absorbed in the digestive fluid which is accumulated there.

Some species are sufficiently large I and powerful enough to hold tiny birds which have been unfortunate ndo aunw carry the story of ttwif early OpanUh explorers, and Hew England take the of their early Colonial settlers or their English home But around Atlantic City, says a correspondent in the Philadelphia Inquirer, historians have trouble tracing even the source, to say nothing of the motive, of some tlons. Most residents accept the legend that Bargaintown traces its name to the first local real estate enthusiasm; the folks thought their lote were an excellent buy. Sugar cane was brought to Europe by the Crusaders. Tahiti is about 3,400 miles frott San Francisco. GLASSES R.

Silverstone OPTOMETRIST 302 Smith Bide. (Formerly Tarbox Bide.) Phone Main 1S6 Open Saturday Until P. M. church at 9:30 o'clock. Rev.

r. Kennedy will celebrate the mass and to have been lured into their interment will be made in St. latal depths. Joseph's cemetery. The following will act as bearers: Frank Munda, Michael Monohan, Thomas O'Keefe, Frank Czerivonke.

Roy Bigelow and Frank Raih. Members of the Knights of Columbus will act as honorary bearers. Edgar B. Newhall, Galena Galena. 111., June funeral services for Edgar Bouton Newhall.

who died June 10, in San I Diego. were held at noon DEMAND at the home of her sister. Mrs. Curt A house built of dreams--almost literally--is this Cottage in the hills near Retnlap. Ala.

Mrs. Vivian Walker, a widow with four children, built it herself with no assets but allotments from the CCC wages of her son. savings from relief and WPA allowances, her own bare hands and the courage of a Joan of Arc. Hauptfuehrer. at Wichita.

Kas. Miss Cramer had resided with her sister for the past several years. Funeral services will be held at 1:30 p. m. Wednesday in Afolkey.

Saguachc, Game Warden John Hart has solved the mystery of the platinum blonde beaver. "They were living in the depth of the Bonanza gold mine where i there was enough ncid in the i ter to dissolve a nail in about three i weeks." said Hart. "The acid turned I their natural brownish color to sil- I ver." i 1 Hart ordered them trapped alive and removed to more agreeable surroundings on the surface. i By NBA Service Remlay, June has its heroes no less than war. and one of them is Mrs Vivian Walker.

In a little cottage in the hills near here, she lives with her three fine little girls. They are very proud of the cottage. And they should be, for Mrs. Walker built it herself. She had only what could be saved from relief.

WPA salary, and allotments from her son's CCC pay. She had the kindly help of neighbors and friends. She had her own hands. And she had dauntless courage. It was in 1931 when she returned to BlounL county with her four children, penniless and grieving over the recent death of her husband.

She was 34. For a while she lived with her parents But she wanted a home of her own. just as she had dreamed of it when she married. Started With Dilapidated Shack Ed Flowers, a neighbor, had an old house, ready to cave in, and he let the Walkers live in it rent-free. Here they lived for a year, with no income but a little relief and some help from neighbors.

Early in 1934 her son went to a CCC camp, and $20 of his pay began i coming in every month. With S12 of I the first check. Mrs. Walker bought the shuck they were living in. Her father gave her a little plot.

Fought It Through Despite Difficulties Miss Belle Mt. Carroll. Can-on funeral chapel here. Rev. Wayne Hoxsie, of South Presbyterian church, officiated, and interment was made in Greenwood cemetery.

Mr. Newhall was the son of Dr. H. H. and Jane Bouton Newhall.

His father was one of Galena's most Uf Junc 20TMMissiP rominent ioneers Hc was born Belle Craig. 57, died suddenly about 8 o'clock Sunday night at the Craig family home, south of Mt. Carroll. She had been playing a phonograph Somehow, she contrived a founda-' while her mother. Mrs.

Mary Craig, tion, and walls began to rise. She was in an adjoining room. Upon bought $49.50 worth of galvanized roofing by saving S10 a month out of each CCC check. An uncle, a her return the mother found Miss Craig on the floor, dead. She apparently died from a heart attack.

carpenter, helped put on the roof, Funeral services will be held at Her hands cracked and bled, 2:30 o'clock Wednesday afternoon Sometimes she was deadly tired. But she kept on. Before the houhc had ceilings, doors, windows, or partitions, the family moved in. They continued to build the house literally over their own heads. Her son then left the CCC and married.

He was unable to help further. Mrs. Walker had to go on relief, but she did not quit. She managed to get some wallpaper, and papered the four rooms. Then she got, a $19-a-momh job with a WPA sewing project in Oneonta.

Sow Has a. Home of Her Own Galena and here was a voung at the John Sack residence in Mt. man, but later moved west. He was preceded in death by his wife, Jeanette Corwith Newhall, and his only sister, Mrs. Adele Barrett.

Among those from out of town who attended the services were Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Barrett, of Rockford, and Mrs. Dan Green, of Bev. Charles E.

Stebbins Carpentersville, June NAMES OF SHORE PLACES PUZZLE THE HISTORIANS Bngantme, the sister island just north of the one on which Atlanaic City stands, gots its name because a brigantme was wrecked there, back in the early 1700s. A brigantine is one of the types of sailing vessels; if it had been another type the resort might bear the name of Schooner, or Bark. The early maps show a settlement of Wrangleboro. a little north on the mainland--but early histories give no clue to what the wrangle -was about. nor 'hat type of people took part in the wordy argument.

The place is absorbed in little Port Republic. Those are two reasons why student declare Atlantic county holds something close to an American i record for hit-and-miss selection of I names. i Washington state. Minnesota and Wisconsin have their rich lore of Indian names; California and Colo- Best AUTO REBUILDING Since 1924 For Class Repairing Metal Specialties Co. 24-Hr.

Wrecker Service MAIN 2412 Corn. Van Buren at Spring Li it- WAI A A A i fr 4-ji. Carroll. Rev. J.

H. Fetterolf, of the services were conducted to- Baptist church, will officiate and day in the Congregational church for made in Oak Hill Charles Stebbins, who died Friday night at Elgin. Inter- was born in Mt. Car- took place in Bluff City ceme- burial will be roll on Dec. 17, 1880.

the daughter of Gill and Mary Craig. She leaves besides her mother, one brother, Charles, of Mt. Carroll, and two sisters, Mrs. John Sack, of Mt. and Mrs.

Frank Diehl, of Lanark. Mrs. Rebecca Thompson, Lena Lena, 111., June Rebecca She and the trirls. the oldest 15, Thompson, passed away at her cleared and planted an acre and a half garden. In two years she home Sunday evening.

On the last day of May she suffered a stroke canned 1100 quarts of vegetables. of apoplexy and a severe heart at- Thev built porches, lattices, an from whlch sne falled to i WAnofr-ft Tinnanima iirac They built porches, arbor. They bought raised 100 chickens. a cow and Frances Rebecca Donahue was born, Aug. 17.

1875, in Fredricks- The girls keiVthe house. Mrs I burg. Kv where she liveduntil Walker risps at' vfv 1 marriage to Joseph A. Thompson. cauuren Ky and fnm therfi Oufan In sewing room, when the catch the school bus.

A brick foundation and a chimney remain to be built. Improve- tery. Elgin, Mr. Stebbins had been pastor here seventeen years. Before that he had served as pastor at West Bureau.

West Chicago, Pecatonica, and Hamilton. Ohio. He was born at Camillas. N. Aug.

19, 1865. and was married to Miss Sarah Helen Kenney in 1889. In his youth he served five years. in the national guard in New York state. At the time of the World war.

he acted as director of the American Red Cross at Camp Grant. Since 1915. he has been one of the recognized leaders of Protestant church circles in this part of the state. Several times, he was honored with important appointments in the Congregations district organization. At the time he -was stricken, he was to have acted dian territory, where they resided 35 a de i eg ate to the recent im- mcnts to the house brine it nearer month to the circa home ker once visioneri She adds i for a year.

They then returned to Kentucky, remaining there until June. 1913. when they moved to ago has BODY REPAIR WORK EXPERTLY DONE REASONABLY PRICED J470, SHINDLE MOTORS, INC. So. Chicago Arc.

at Jackson SL of ground out in the country, half a mile from thr nearest neighbor. Tnen she began to make her dream jj come true. something to her income by cutting i her She lore down the old shack and hair In the evening, when the girls, Bc ltics her nusband sne Mt sortco the lumber. She pulled out have done tncir she leaches i vlved bv two daughters and two and the nails in each i them piano Joheoh of plank-fixe gallons of them A The house rather 1,0 aien. but pon Mack Thompson of DeKalb neighbor hauled the lumber to the Mrs Walker not nfr.i:cl The lit lie r5 Chris Doolev Florence Wis ncw or.

ihe hill is pi oof of tin- and Charle5 Joseph Thompson. Of St. Louis. Mo. A daughter.

Mrs. Fred Stark passed away in March. 1 1937. Funeral arrangements have not been completed, but services prob- ably will be Wednesday morning. Plumbing Is a Pipe to West Coast Widow By NEA Service Francisco.

Calif --A place for in (he plumbing industry why says a California woman is succeeding in 11ns line "After all homes, apartments and involve a high percentage of nhimbinc installations In And in each of these women's interest is paramount." Roso Earie Plumbmt: companv in Sacramento. is that citv'5 plumbing firm. tlie operation of fomc con- jstnirtiTO business both pleasant and pro' Hrr husband inhrntTO 11 from his lallirr The fasca- Mrs Earle. addition to NO MATTER WHAT YOU WANT TO BUILD OR SMITH WILL FURNISH THE ARCHITECT FREE AND GIVE YOU THE PUNS AND SPECIFICATIONS Uv the account- thr tame Earlc died, shr rnmprtent rr.1i- rn materials She 'jfrt the bu-inos and has born ProMrms -nranan in her the ol hT hou-r one of the i -pvmnls in her wjtJoo3s Mrs Eii iavs "She wants rffliirnjflillv lonitrd lanl- irr -woTkinc-- 10 make pj-rasiirr ralher Halenals JOT Frrr A pi sJeMT is lw-1 bj IJielT snrt in nr jn old ccaes. "Ar.c3 manv syrh irrmen crone lo hr-c th'TT Wwt anasmurJi as I'm a honse and at th-r am abTPmrt.

oT jmcTilT In plumbing I can imriwstaiid their On HOME 6. SMITH ft CO. MAW 33 22, 19H. German the three Bril- in tme hour, with Joss 400 men, portant conference at Beloit. Wis.

He held membership in the Masonic organization at Pecatonica. he was a member of the Century lodge of Odd Fellows and the Fox River Rebekahs. In 1937. he served the grand lodge of Illinois as grand chaplain. Besides his widow, he Is survived by a daughter.

Catherine. A son. Charles Franklin Stebbins, preceded him in death. MONEY to meet the expense or atrip UNLOCKED FOR EXPENSE? Whenever sudden need of money rises, settle your troubles, here! Money for travel, for home or person al needs, always is available, here, quickly. Confidential, friendly Loans service, on terms-a repayment schedules, suited to your and needs.

FREEPORT THRIFT; COMPANY 13 South Galena Ave. FRNENOLY FINANCE SERVICE MERCATOR WAS FAMOUS AS GEOGRAPHER, MAP MAKER lfx. Grace Engles. Lanark Mercator was a celebrated Flem-' ish geographer and map maker! whose name, meaning was Latinized from its original I form. Gerhard Kroner.

He bom in LOWEST FOOD PRICES I NORTHERN ILLINOIS AT HARRISON'S Opposite Senior High School. Moseley St. Phone Main 69 70. widow of Joseph Engles. died ai her home here Sundav mominc at clock.

She had been jgium. in 1512. studied philosophv ailmt: for several months, but death land raathematics at the University i was caused by shock and injuries of Louvain. and thereafter devoted I incurred when she fell down a cellsr lo geography. He became stairway last Thursday.

famous as map maker. i Funeral will be held at. through ihe influence of Carding the family home Tuesday afternoon iGranvella. received a commission 1 at 3 30 and at First Brethren church from the Emperor Charles to pro- 1 2 o'clock Iniermcnt will be made pare for him a terrestrial and celes- Lanark cemelory. Officiating will' lial globe.

He devoted a long be Rev. G. T. Ronk. paslor 1 period of study and comparison lo; Brethren church.

(Uie charts then available, and his Grace Woodln was bom March 23. completed were greasy 3S6S. in Wvsox Jownship. Carroll superior lo any previously made. in 1559 Mercator look up his residence at Prussia, and eventually became cosmographer to the duke of JulJch and Cieves.

He Prices EVERY DAY! Buy AH Your Groceries Here with Confidence. Cuban Pineapples each $2-79 Crate SAVE EVERI DAV OX Jambo Vine Ripened CANTALOUPES 2forl9c NOME GNOWN STRAWBERRIES We Kcsetre the Right to Limit Quantities Plenty of Parking county. 3he daughter of Ransom and i nepliine Keynrtds Woodin She united mamafe 3o Joseph 3. 1884. Since 19M she had been a member of She Brethren church.

are Ihrw sons and Harry, all ol Lanark; died at Duisburg in 1594. He was that time at. work on an atlas vhieh 1 was published The Mfroior projection, in earth's surface Is represented as a pi-flndchjJdrm. and a brother, plane, devised early in his. nwn- TCnwiin AT Charles Woodia, JULY FIRST IS THE HALF-WAY MARK TO FALL! By ordering IIM! NOW, you wM fifty cMitt to owo dollar por ton in six ukpHoiu Main 1500, to Dook tHo BEAUTY 5HOP at 22dV W.

Main St. Emma Ethel Otherme W. State There's money to be saved by ordering your coal requirements now! Present prices are guaranteed only for this month. Place your order now and save all the advance. Phone 43 today.

H. A. Hillmer Co. ttO E. Cxchanf St..

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