The Pittsburgh Courier from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on October 3, 1964 · Page 3
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The Pittsburgh Courier from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 3

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Saturday, October 3, 1964
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Oct. f, 1944 jrHE COURtEK 3 I j ill fs J ' v 600 Indicted Unlikely to Affect Voting Backlash' No Myth N. Y. Poll Reveals NEW YORK CITY If the results of a recent opinion poll conducted by the New York Times can be taken as a true Indication of prevailing Caucasian thought, the great majority of Northern white ur - banites have no sympathy for the Negro's plight, and believe the civil rights movement has gone too far, while a considerable percentage believes that Negroes "don't appreciate what we're doing for them." Designed t o determine whether or not a "white backlash" actually exists and whether or not it will have any effect on the coming election, the poll was conducted among representative sampling of 100 male and 99 female white New Yorkers " !ng in various prrts of the city, ? Most nola:.,. It revealed that though more than a quarter of those questioned said that they have become more opposed to Negro aims during the past few months, this has had practically no effect on the way they intend to vote. Most of those who called themselves Democrats said they would vote in accordance with this, while the Republicans voiced similar intentions. A majority, or 61 per cent, aid they would support President Johnson, while 18 per cent said they would vote for Senator Goldwater and 20 per cent were not sure. Analysis of the results howed that a "backlash" might account for seven per cent of those who had voted for Kennedy In I960, announcing their Intention of voting for Goldwater this year. However, 22 per cent of those who said they had voted for Nixon, said they were switching to President Johnson. Replying to the key question, "Do you feel you're more strongly in favor of what Negroes want than you were a few months ago, or are you more opposed to Negro aims, or do you feel pretty much the way you did a couple of months ago"? Sixty - three per cent said they felt "pretty much the same," 27 per cent said they were more opposed and four per cent didn't answer. In general, "feeling the same" meant skepticism about the movement as a whole. Almost half felt that nonviolent demonstrations had hurt the Negro's cause, while 93 per cent said the summer riots had hurt Asked how they felt about the speed at which the civil rights movement was going, 23 per cent said it was going at the right pace; 12 per cent wanted more speed, and 54 per cent felt It should be slowed down, while 11 per cent were not certain about how they felt Several differences in opinion were related not so much tc economic level, but more to age and religious affiliation. Wilkins, 79 Other Leaders Organize Council To Expose Right Wingers By RALPH E. KOGER NEW K)RK Roy Wilkins, executive director of the NAACP, is one of the 80 national leaders, including former Cabinet members, governors, union chiefs, scientists and educators who have banded together in a National Council for Civic Responsibility to counteract the propaganda and activities of the John Birch Society, its vast network of contributory action, finance and propaganda affiliates, and other right - wing organizations. 1 The group will begin by exposing the activities of 12 John Birch Society "front" organisations. Formation of the National Council for Civic Responsibility, came about one week after the publishing of a study of right wing groups, by Group Research. Inc., Washington, D. C, which selected taint 30 right - wing groups for study, and revealed that right - wing organizations are spending over $30 million per year and, apparently, tripled their Income bc - en 1958 and 19ti3. Group rT&carch, Inc., report aays that right wing groups have been growing, financially, at an average rate of 17 per cent per year, even with years of abnormally large growth excluded from the computation. The leaders of the new National Council for Civic Responsibility say that their group will expose "impropriety of methods and falsity of substance" of the Birch Society, and its affiliates. At an Overseas Press Club news conference, in New York City, Arthur Larson, director of the World Rule By Law Center, at Duke University, who, also, Is a former consultant to President Eisenhower, was introduced as chairman of the newly formed National Council for Civic Responsibility. The council will raise funds from the public, and is being sponsored by the Public Affairs Institute, a nonprofit group, with headquarters in More Jews than Protestants felt there should be a slowdown, but more Roman Catholics wanted a slow - down than either of the other two groups. Ethnically speaking, 24 per cent of those of Polish ancestry, or the highest proportion, favored more speed in the rights movement, while only 10 per cent of the German, nine per cent Irish and six per cent Italians favored more speed. In addition, younger people, or those in the 21 - 44 - age group tended to be more liberal in their attitudes than older citizens. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. emerged as the best - known and most - approved Negro leader, with 94 per cent saying they knew him by name and 52 per cent voio'.ng approval of him. Those most disliked were Rep. Adam Clayton Powell and Malcolm X. Six per cent approved of Powell, and only one per cent approved of Mal colm X. Other interesting results in cluded: Though a majority thought the Negro movement had gone too far, 57 per cent felt the Johnson Administration was doing a good job of handling the situation, 24 per cent thought it had gone "too far" and six per cent thought it hadn't gone far enough. On the question of Negro - white relationships, 45 per cent said they believed Negroes disliked whites and 39 per cent thought Negroes were neutral in their feelings toward whites. Forty - five per cent of whites were neutral in their feelings toward Negroes, so they said, and 40 per cent said they liked them as well as other people, but 45 per cent said they would feel uncomfortable if a number of Negro families were living near them. Ironically, many whites claimed they were prejudiced and then said in the same breath they believed Negroes to be inferior. Asked how they felt about what was being done for Negroes, 45 per cent said they thought too much was being done for them, 36 per cent said it was "about right and 19 per cent said "not enough." Statements revealing their attitudes included: "They have to help themselves, too. They have to get educated, to learn the trades; we do it . , . Negroes are asking for the whole world on a silver platter . . . They want to overpower us . . . They bite the hand that feeds them . . . They don't appreciate what we're doing for them." On the other hand, one elderly widow replied, "The Negroes are downtrodden. They haven't got decent housing or jobs. That's why they're so bitter. We should have done something beforehand to prevent all this. I wonder if it's too late now." Washington. Public Affairs Institute was set up in 1947, for dissemination of Information about government activt ties. The Group Research, Inc., study says that due to our tax laws, taxpayers support, indirectly, "far more of the political and economic rigth - wlng than they realize." For example, recently, in Coneress, Rep. Henry B. Gon zalez (D. - Tex.), complained that the Minuteman Society members were joining the Armed Forces reserve units by the thousands, to take advantage of some 400,000 free rifles and ammunition the Armed Forces are distributing, free, to promote the nation's civilian marksmanship program. Also, the Group Research, Inc., report said that right wing organizations no longer have to depend on individual large contributions, although a substantial number of import ant contributors donate to numerous right - wing groups. The present - day, right - wing group earns millions of dollars from sale of publications, and radio and TV broadcasts, pro duced on schedule throughout the year. Support Is based broadly, however, says the report, and is not dependent on just a few, but on hundreds of methods. Group Research, Inc., was founded and is head - d by Wesley MeCuno, a former Washington reporter for Newsweek, t K VY mi mf Yrh - i ' : UKl ?:' - J'S'JiV'!; :,iiV - S - - DEAN COUNSELS FRESHMEN - D.an Gilbert C. Garland (left) it shown at ha counseled four of Northeastern University's record freshman class of 3,100 at opening sessions of the 1964 - 65 collega year, on Wednesday, Sept. 9. Shown with Dr. Garland, dean of admissions, ara (left In Philly White Parents Sue School Bd. To Halt Busing PHILADELPHIA, Pa. The Parents and Taxpayers Association is suing the Philadel phia Board of Education in an effort to block the busing program of 2,900 pupils, declaring that it is discriminatory, and is aimed at effecting "racial distribution and dispersion, iuv der the guise of eliminating crowded school conditions." The suit was entered a week before the busing began. Fol lowing the program, about 1,500 Negro children were re moved from over crowded schools to predominantly white schools, where there was avail able space. The remaining 1,400 pupils shifted, did not affect the racial ratios of the schools they entered. The cost of the busing program is estimated at $260,000, and PAT is attempting to stop the board of education from spending the taxpayers' money on the effort Defending its position, the board stated that it was using its "lawful exercise" in busing the pupils, to ease discrimination in the public schools, and asked the Common Pleas Court 6 to dismiss the action of PAT, "with prejudice." This, in effect, will mean that if the court goes along with the re quest of the board, PAT will be unable to reinstate the same suit, or any similar one. The board said, also, that the suit "improperly" included city officials. In addition, the board stated that the nine plaintiffs, led by Atty. Joseph J. Frleri, had no special interest in the case, as required by law. Mr. Frieri Is president of the Parents and Taxpayers Association. The plaintiffs have not Identified themselves as having any interest in the case, in that none of the plaintiffs is being bused," the board charged. "There is no averment that the plaintiffs or their minor children are In any way specially prejudiced by the action of the board of education. In mandamus, the board, further, said, only the state attorney general or the city district attorney has the power to take such an action, and they (the board) are not violating any municipal, state or Federal law. The board did not feel it necessary to go Into detail on each charge, as it felt that its preliminary objections would be sufficient to get the "defective" suit dropped by the court. PAT is said to have about 1.200 members, and was Time and Changing Times magazines. The John Birch Society, says the report, as a unit alone, made $826,100 in 1962. an increase of $696,300, ov er 1959. It was founded by Robert Welch. The reDOrt savs. also. that several of the right - wing organizations, such as the Chrictlan Crusade, which earned 5775.400. in 10fi2 and is headed by Rev. Billy Hargis, says that the National Council of Churches has indicted itself "on 50 counts of treason to God and country." Several other right - wing groups, also, continually attack tne wanonai uouncu or cnurcn es, and recHve steady broad hasml rrmtrihiiflrm in mntin ue the fight against the church council, according to the re port. The Groun Rr - spflreh. Inc.. report lists the segregationist Citizens Councils of America in its roster of analyzed rigth wing groups. formed by a merger of two groups, last March, when the board announced its plan to bus the students. The board of education drew up the plan to avoid a court in dancer? m - i - if - - a to right) Joan Mitchell, 49 Warner St.; Linda Jarvis, 100 Harrishof St.; Mragardt Young, 26 Wolcott St., all of Dorchester, Mass., and Janet Palmer, 9 Flint St., Mattapan, Mass. N.U. has the largest enrollment in its history, 28,823, for the new school year. Northeastern is in Boston. action by the NAACP and protests by educational and civic groups, urging It to act upon relieving the racial imbalance in the Philadelphia School System. W K j f - t, ', All Vv K "This Democratic Administration believes that the Constitution applies to every American of every religion, of every race, of every region in our country, I pledge you tonight, and the people of this nation, and the people of this world, that this Administration is pledged to protect the full Constitutional rights of every American, We intend to press forward with legislation and education and, yes, with action infi7 ire have eliminated the last harrier of intolerance. For as long as freedom is denied to some, the liberty of each of us is JOHNSON - HUMPHREY VOTE DEMOCRATIC NOVEMBER 3rd Trials Start For First 50 Riot Suspects PHILADELPHIA, Pa. The trials will begin for the first 50 persons arrested during the recent riots in North Philadelphia, Sept 30. They were arraigned In Quarter Sessions Court, last Wednesday. To date, some 600 have been Indicted on charges that In clude: resisting arrest, breach of the peace, violating the mayor's proclamation, and burglary. Most of the people Involved will be represented by Public Defender Isaac Pep, a representative of the Voluntary Defenders Association. So far, none of the accused has pleaded guilty to the charges, and only one person, Paul Ellerbee, failed to appear before the arraignment panel. He had been placed in $500j bond, lor violating the mayor's curfew law. The legal processing has cost the city $50,000. The trials will increase the already top - heavy criminal backlog by another six weeks to two months. The riot arrests came at a time when the courts just were beginning to work on a backlog of 9,500 cases. (Politic! Advwtlwmrtrt) IN SPITE OF HANDICAPS Edgar Edwards (left), Urban League project director of the Voter Education Project in Los Angeles, is shown registering 87 - year - old William Crown, a double amputee who has never voted in any previous election. Mr. Brown is only one of many such persons who are being sought after, to register and vote in this election, by the Urban League officials throughout the country, in the March to the Ballot Box drive. Told to Serve Negroes LSI) Barbers Quit BATON ROUGE Seven barbers quit their chairs at Louisiana State University here, last week, after "being informed that they would have to cut the hauof any Negro student requesting such service. ,.z College officials nouiied thet rebellious barbers that because of the presence of a United States post office sub - station, and the Civil Rights Law, they would have to serve in the shop without discrimination. The campus situation developed the previous week, when two Negro students, at LSU, . r - V . .. hp Pretulent Lyndon B. Johnson MIAMI BFACH, FLORIDA, FEB. 27, DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL C03DIITTEE lit I iTll SJMMMT - rSii l BiTMl sought service In the Union Building, and another Pflr sought service In the shog at Hatcher Hall, on the campus. Following the incident, the two barber shops on the LSU campus were cosed temporarily. r (Political JLdvrtljmnt) 1961

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