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Twenty-two Logansport, Indiana, Pharos-Tribune Wednesday Evcnir Grim Race Over Silent Weapons EDITORS NOTE: The United States i s engaged in a grim race with Russia to develop silent secret weapons that could immobilize entire cities but leave them undamaged. The following dispatch describes what American officials are doing to develop such capability — and more important, devise means of protecting the nation against such an attack. By DARRELL GARWOOD United Press International WASHINGTON (UPJ) - It' s a war of the future, and the enemy —anxious to make slaves of the population — has just spread a strange gas over a large, unsuspecting city. In the streets, people wander dazed and stare vacantly as an invading army rumbles in to take over. There is no resistance. No one dies. No buildings are destroyed, and the population is easily overwhelmed before the gas loses its effect. The U.S. government has an official name for something like this -CBR. In initial-happy Washington, this stands for chemical, biological and radiological warfare. In the grim world of CBR, there is a possibility that gases and even germs may be employed to spare lives and property that otherwise would be destroyed in a nuclear war. Both the United States and Russia know this. Spurs Efforts The potentialities are such that the U.S. government is making an intensive and rapidly growing effort to find out what it is all about. It is a two-way street: to develop the weapons, then find ways to defend against them. The responsibility for the U.S. program now is in the hands of Maj. • Gen. Marshall Stubbs, the wliile-haired, 55-year-old chief of the Army Chemical Corps. His office is in charge of OBR. Stubbs currently is engaged in putting through a vast reorganization and expansion of the chemical service. Intelligence sources have indicated that Russia may be two years ahead in gas and germ research, and Stubbs' budget is doubling compared with a year ago. Even so, at a level of about 200 million for the year beginning July 1, the CBR budget will be a mere drop in the bucket compared to the billions spent on nuclear forces. But the subject Stubbs deals with could be as deadly on a mass scale as a nuclear attack. It also has . advantages — if a field so grim can have "advantages"— over nuclear weaponry. Disables Populace "" For example, the Army has'told Congress that considerable prog' ress has been made on a gas that could disable the population of a city like New York for several hours — time enough for an army to march in and take over. • This has been described as ."an effective gas which disorientates a person, makes a person incapable of realizing what he is doing under the influence of the gas." It was Stubbs who advanced the view that OBR warfare possibly could be used to spare lives a nd property, whereas a nuclear bomb would destroy both. He discussed the subject in an interview at his headquarters in a wartime temporary building across from Wash ington National Airport. He does not share the belief of some that CBR poses a greater threat to the human race than nuclear weapons. "It should be remembered," he said, "that the effect to be achieved by chemical and biological weapons can be selective. They need not kill or even cause permanent injury." Spoils Of War This raised the possibility that a ruthless aggressor might want to save a country's population— as well as its industry—for work after a war. If so, Stubbs said, the enemy might be enabled to do so by great scientific advances in the so-called incapacitates. These are military derivatives of ordinary Iranquilizors. "Complete recovery without treatment is one of the requirements for an agent to be considered an incapacitant," the general said. He described a CBR compound which causes ascending paralysis, starling in the legs a nd finally leaving breathing as the only muscula^ activity. Complete recovery occurs within a matter of hours. Other compounds induce sleep, QUEEN CANDIDATES—Among the finalists in the search for "Queen" of the annual U. S. World Trade Fair now underway at the New York Coliseum are (from left): Lillian Tenkins, Wales; Dalia Dafney, Israel; Sherry Wing, Great Britain. In tlie front row kneeling are Russelle Patterson, U, S. A.; and Tamiko Kawala, Japan. (DPI Unifax,) or cause confusion, irrationality or 'even hilarity. Program Expands Finn J. Larsen, civilian head of the Army research and development program, told the Senate Armed Services Committee- recently: "This year we have a significant increase in the chemical and biological warfare program. "In view of the advances in this field made by some 'of our potential enemies, I think that our program must continue to increase in the future if we are to develop adequate protection for our forces against the possible use of these weapons." It was shortly after hearing Larson's remark that Sen. Rich- ard B. Russell, ffGa., commented "If we get down to a war of extermination, I hope that few people are left will be living in the United Slates rather than somewhere else." Demonstrations MANILA (UPI)-About 20 student pickets etaged a "mass demonstration" outside the U.S. embassy today protesting congress failure to approve the $75 million Philippine war claims bill. They carried placards with such slogans as "our fathers fought your fight" and "don't turn your back on your obligations." Advertising helped it happen By stimulating mass demand, advertising helped create a mass market for washing machines. 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