The Austin American from Austin, Texas on December 7, 1946 · 4
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The Austin American from Austin, Texas · 4

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Saturday, December 7, 1946
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Labor News and Comment Rabid GOP Foes Of Labor Given Sharp Warning r'Uf expre" n-n of this writer are not to be cons' ruea as reflecting the editorial view or policy of tr. t ev h as -r i. By VICTOR RIESEL They tell the story of the lumberjack who for many a year sweated and saved his dollars in the Northwest forests, never once hitting the local saloon or slipping off a few bucks for a Saturday r.irht spree. After 15 years of hard work, he went down into the big city, sought out a gambling joint, and put his roll on one spin of the roulette wheel. He lost, of course. When some one commisserated with him, the lumberjack grunted: "Oh well, you know, easy come, easy go." All the justifiably gleeful Republicans these days are like my lumberjack friend. They waited a long time. Now they've got their political bank roll. And they're gambling it all on the single spin of the political roulette wheel these next two years leading up to the Presidential election. So, for them, too, it may be "easy come, easy go." All of which puts them on several spots and here's one: Undoubtedly the GOP was elected, in partbecause it promised to "discipline" labor in some fashion. Today Republican' strategists know they have to deliver but without antagonizing the rank and file, some 15,000,000 strong, of America's unions. Many a Republican strategist is just aching to get up ''on the Hill" in Washington and push his pet labor projects through Congress. Of all the GOP congressmen, I think the hard-hitting Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon, one of the few Republicans backed by the CIO s FAC. has the middle-of-the-road position most likely to become Republican labor strategy. Union leaders won't like it, but here it is as he told it to me today: "There nre those in the Republican Party, in the Democratic Party, who aic jo bitter against abuses of labor that they have gone to extreme positions in trilling for legislation which will destroy net only the legitimate rights of unions but which will guarantee labor, strife for many years to come," Morse warned. And Morse here appears to know the facts of life. Take Republican Senator Pali's proposal the other day to outlaw the closed shop about which you'll be hearing plenty in 1947., Some 8,000,000 American dues payers are covered by the closed shop. Ii Ball's proposal be comes law, they'll all strike to save il and that's no emptv- statement,. But, to continue with Morse: -What the GOP must not forget is that the xank and file of workers in this country will fight to keep their, freedom once they become convinced that any political party is set on a program to destroy the collective bargaining strength of organized labor," the senator said. 'Even' American consumer, and incidentally every employer, should recognize that those politicians who are trying to read into the recent election a mandate to pass unfair restrictive Icg-ir-;;tion fire the re.il enemies of the pri-v;.te property economy in this rountry. "These anti-labor politicians are really playing into the hands of the leftists who arc spreading propaganda that the GOP is cut to destroy the right of free labor in order to permit big business to collect greater profits. I would not out law the c losed shop but would see lo it that it is free of what employers r:a;rr .ire intimidation methods by unions . . . Those extremists now proposing to outlaw the closed shop overlook the fact that employers prefer it. ' Morse's program includes: Revision of labor laws to give employers the right to complain against unfair practices of unions; the outlawing of racketeering; making unions responsible for breach of contract; government supervision of unions' financial accounting; democratic, secret voting for union official?, and protection of union members who have grievances against their leaders. At this peint it looks like Morse and rot the GOP extremists has the inside track on the answer to "just what will the Republicans do to labor." AMERICAN PAGE FOUR AUSTIN, TEXAS, DECEMBER 7, 1946 PHONE 4391 tentorial Pearl Harbor Day Should Stir New Patriotism Spirit Austin sat by on an ominous Sunday, back in 1941, when the first flash came in of the Japs' sneak attack at Pearl Harbor. Events that followed the attack made the five years since that day the most significant in the history of civilization. It has been a long time. Every aspect j of the every-day life of every person in Austin every person in the nation has been affected by the war. Most people have been jarred out of accustomed activities; many have been permanently changed about. Pearl Harbor Day is not observed as a holiday. The late President Roosevelt branded it "a day of infamy." But Pearl Harbor Day now can be a day of inventory, a day of looking ahead; a 'day of considering the unfavorable conditions that have followed the rich retribution due the treacherous Japanese.- This is a day when Texans and Americans can think anew upon tneir obligations for the future safety and welfare of their homeland, can re-dedicate themselves to the preservation of America as the land of which they are and can. be proud. Pearl Harbor Day of 1941 was a mile-stonev This anniversary ought to be a turning point in the planning and thinking and hoping of America a day of decision that the freedoms and institutions of America which have been worth fighting for, are worth working for and protecting and perpetuating. Huts and Shacks Won't Last Many Years Emergency housing measures for veterans, such as the hutments on the University of Texas campus mean that there will be a second cycle later, if Texas and the nation ever get around to normal provision for adequate housing. Huts and barracks, many of them rebuilt from materials that served Army camps, won't last long. The smaller and flimsier houses, built in the period in which good materials are so scarce, will last only a short time; Before saturation of existing needs can be met even with the use for several years of the inade quate huts and unsatisfactory barracks, these- structures themselves 'will be falling to pieces and will need replacement. - i ' . Many veterans who now are building homes are forced for two reasons to put up houses unsatisfactory- to them and too small to serve their needs. One reason is the shortage of materials. The other is the price level which tapers out the veteran's resources at probably less than half the house he couid have built with the same money a few years ngo. There is no immediate end in sight of the housing shortage; but rather, a prospect that the volume of need for more permanent construction will increase during the months ahead. Veterans Set Up Own Housing Deal Veterans'of World War II at San Jose, Calif., have taken the housing problem into their own hands for an experiment which may influence action elsewhere. They have created "Valley Homes, Inc.," a non-profit .corporation which they will themselves direct and operate, and which is becoming one of the largest veterans' housing projects in the nation. The program was started only last March. Homes are being built on an initial 32-acre tract. Playground and recreational facilities for children of the veterans were laid out at the beginning of work, and were available as soon as the first homes were completed. Wasting of Soil Endangers Economy The republic's foundation has become "thin and wobbly" according to L. H. Norton, regional director of the Production and Marketing Administration. Norton, urging the establishment of better soil conservation practices, declared that the crumbling, wasting soil is the last refuge of civilization. The top one-third of soil fertility in this country has already been sacrificed, he added. Norton listed over 50 million acres of the original 400 million acres of arable land in the United States as "lost," 100 million acres as seriously damaged, and another 100 million acres carrying the scars of erosion. "Rains Tarry biUions of tons of tor) soil into the streams each year," Norton pointed out. The cost of this has been estimated at $4,000,000,000 annually, without considered the effect on our future well being. i Qui 1 1 en Editorial WHOSE BREAD I EAT, HIS SONG I SING A retired minister, who now lives on a rrrdest pension, said recently: "If I had it to do over again, I would work my way t.-rcun college and the seminary and ac-c-t no help from anybody. "As it was. my home church and a few ricn men pard my way. and I got into the hrb't cf expecting to be carried. I thought I deserved help because I was going to tsreeh. "V :: can't develop that mental attitude without becoir.ine a mendicant. You are a k.nd ef charity case, depending on the grncrcsity ef the rich; and when you depend c.t rer.ple in that way, you are careful not to :icnd them. "I developed a nice discretion, and it .rr.sde me a failure. It didn't hurt my career. 7-v salary was . generous from first to last. Cut I failed as a Treacher. I didn't have he courace t- smife rich and arrogant sin-rcrs who needed the help of a chastening red ' A man must walk humbly before his God, but he isn't expected to crawl before r:s s nhil fellow men. He shouldn't be ar-i.-:. for that is silly. But he should Yr'A his head h:2h in the proud-knowledce irs: he is serving Cod, and I am sure God i- arhsr-.rd ef him if he is afraid to offend th' rich because they are liberal civers." I haven't quoted him exactly. You can't r twenty words without making notes. ' I b.ive C!v-n you the gist of what he rd perhaps somebody will find the ui. L'i . .- . - , Pearl Harbor Day Thought By Burck 9 Sate? 1 .JBIV . , Jit w 3 K'l-'fff ' 4 V ' 'i w t Law Only Solution To World Riddle By JAMES D. WHITE SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 6. (JP) Five years ago on Pearl Harbor Pay the world 'was a terrifying place. The last great citadel of peace had been shaken. Its illusions of isolation fell away. As the flames swept round the world. Americans were merely the last of the earth's principal peoples to wake up in the bucket line. Here at home we had little reason to feel as badly biJrned as most humanity. We always had enough to eat. We. kept our liberty, never knowing the degradation of alien occupation or the more insidious degeneration of defensive totalitarianism. A good many of us even bettered our standard of living during the war Then the war was over, but it left the world mote terrifying than ever. Thi.1 is because pence confronts mankind with the same problem he tried to dodge when he welit to war how to get along with himself. Many think that if you can solve this riddle you can 'control atomic and other superweapons maybe even germ warfare which is n toughio because germ-cultures can be hidden more easily than atomic pile.s. Our only answer now is law agreed to by sovereign states. And while the main sovereign states promise to give up some of their sovereignty to atomic inspection and control, at the .same time they have divided 'themselves off into blocs separated by profound differences in physical power, accumulation of goods, and ideas of how to produce and use such goods and perhap,s power too. Thus you have the United States, a new country grown most productive in the world through leaving initiative to individuals, bucking a tide of collectivism which operates like totalitarianism.' . Calling it totalitarian doesn't dispose of collectivism, either, because it has got where it has partly because during the war the world produced to knock itself out, not build itself up. Wartime hunger and want still are with us. Although Communism or collectivism or whatever finds this warm water for swimming, it can't be blamed entirely with digging the pond. As Mr. Baruch .says, the time we have to find an answer for all this is getting short. The next five years could write a rugged finish to the show we got into just five years ago. Winchell On Broadway Within 20 years after its intro duction, soybean production in the United States reached 200,000,000 bushels in 1945. (The pxprm-sions of this writer are nut to be construed hs rcf Icrling the editorial views or policy of the newspaper). STAGE ENTRANCE AI Jolson said to have dropped over $600,000 on recent stock market toboggans. , . Legit matinees were the worst in five years, according to ticket specs. . . New j show biz tabloid a' la Variety) due in March. . . Does one of the biggest booking agencies know one of its execs left rubber chex at the Latin Quarter and La Conga (here) and the Mocambo in Philly? Nice ad for the agency. , . Sofee Tucker's 40th ann'y as a star is Dec. 0th. . . Muriel Jayne (featured vo-galist ' at the St. James . Infirmary on W. 45th) started there as a waitress two months ago. . . Intimates of Chas. Vidor (he married Doris Warner. Mervyn Leroy's ex) are trying to persuade him and Columbia Pictures' chief H. Cohn not to take their messy case into court. Because it would hurt Hollywood. . . . Tragic tale told in Broadway movie marquee titles:. Notorious Gentleman. The Chase. Deception. The Razor's Edge. Things- Are-Bad-All-Over Dep't: Tho Carnival Inst week paid M. Beile only $:i.ri()() for his week's labors. The lowest weekly fee he's drawn there .since he opened nine months ago h far crv from the usual $10,000 weekly, lie probably is looking around for a part-time job. . Chock your nightmares, kiddies. This is National Vaughn Monroe Dream Week. . . Great Idea Dept: A hock shop's sign three 8-Balls out front. . . A- W. 45th St. coKtunier has klux uniforms for rent. They're on the shelf under the Santa, costumes. . . L. Paul's new book, "Breakdown" is about a galcoholic. The author tells the col'm: "If you're worried about being an alcoholic, you1 aren't.". . . Sam Wanamaker just got a pay hike for his acting-directing ex-pcrtness in the Ingrid Bergman click, "Joan of Lorraine." When we met her she she said she was once "Miss Chicago".. . . That she hoped for a break in show business via Broadway. . . A flop show', "Mr. Peebles and Mr. Hooker," cost the producer $150,-000; but it started "Miss Chicago" (Cloris Leaehman) on The Way. . . She witnessed the flopening with a critic. . . During the interval, (as we say over in The Old Country) the critic introduced Cloris to an agent. . . Sooo, as a result of- risking her life (and reputation) by attending a first night with a critic, La Leaehman met an agent, who introduced her to Rodgers and Hammcrstein in the lobby, who signed her for Norman Krasna's play, "William and Mary," which insiders hear may be a hit. . . Oh, yes, she was signed for the lead. In the above saga, the critic was I. Hoffman, and he introduced her to agent Bill Liebling after Act One. After Act Two she met 20th Century-Fox's vice president (J. Moskowitz), who took an option on her film services. Too 'bad the couple didn't stay to see Act Three. . . . Some of New York's night spots are so close to closing that employees phone in first and inquire: "Are we open tonight?". . . People wouldn't miss most of these joints, anyhow. . . Business hasn't been so lousy since 1931 'when the Republicans denied it. . . Who were the distaff columnists (at Ciro's in H'wood) that Mrs. Keenan Wynn and Lana Turner squared off against? We hear that "the scene was a swell all-femme shreceking squabble". .. , Ho, hum. Girls will be bores. One of, the Zanzibar employees is such a ham he bought $500 worth of looking-glasses (to put all over his apt) so that he can see how small he is from any angle. . . The Miami rain fell as it did in the Zeanne Eagels show, "Rain," and the wind howled for two nights (sometimes at 42 miles per hour). But the Florida gazettes referred to the storm as "squalls." Squalls? Midget hurricanes. . . . Floridians with a sensayuma call them "Yankee breezes" . . . And just when California's Governor Warren Arrived. . . . Florida's Governor Caldwell handled it adroitly, saying: "We had those storms to make Gov. Warren feel at home". . . . Josephine Delmar, the top entertainer in her division, is the box-office card fit the Club 22 in Miami Beach. . . Garbo's been having her picture taken a lot in midtown. Makeup man. hairdresser, and couturier in attendance for 50 shots accentuating glamor. Getting a screen test? Ilmmmm? "It the Shoe Fits" scenery (by Edward Gilbert) pops up like an animated book for children and folds back into two-inch sections. He's been offered $100,000 for the patent rights. . . Hey, Abel. Remember when Variety kidded me "for trying to play the role of John Alden" in using the microphone to tell Rita llayworth that her groom wanted to come home to her? Well, they're still reconciled as of going-to-press-time. (Business of looking at the fingernails with that Stork Club waiter look). . . Top Broadway feudists are Mcssmore Kendall and Dick Maney because the latter lambasted Messmore's book. . . . Preston Sturges, the film producer, is such a stickler- for perfect grammar that he argues with waiters all over town whenever he sees a word used-nncorrectly on a menu. That's a new way of aggravating yourself. . . We hear Sally Rand is weary of courtroom scenes and may retire. . . Jackie, Elmson says: "George Washington was the father of our country, but John L. Lewis is acting like its mother-in-law." Ration Index Spare stamp No. 51, valid Sept. 1 through Dec. 31, for 5 pounds, of sugar. Spare stamp No. 9 validated March 11 for '5 pounds canning sugar good through Dec. 31. Spare stamp No. 10 validated July 1 for five pounds of sugar, good through Dec. 31. THE AUSTIN -AMERICAN Published every morning except Sunday by The American Publishing Company, Seventh and Colorado Sts., Austin. Sunday issue, The American-Statesman . LOUIS N. GOLDBERG. Business Manager , CHARLES E. GREEN. Editor SUBSCRIPTION RATES MORNING AND SUNDAY Month 3 Months 6 Months Year By carrier $1.25 $3.75 $7.50 $15.00 Mail, in Texas 1.00 3 00 6.00 . 12.00 Mail, out of Texas 1.25 . 3.75 . 7.50 15.00 Mail. Foreign 2.00 6.00 - 12.00 24.00 I'ntil further nntirr. no ni-w auhnrrihrr will he nrrepteH Hue lo ihr newsprint ohgrtse. Entered as oecond clans mail matter st. the I'ostf f f ice. Aunt in. Texsin under the Act of Connress March S. 1ST9. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the the cue of reinihltentinn of ll news dispatch credited to it or not ntherwi.e credited in this paper, and also tho local new puhlished herein. All riuhta of repuhlicat ion of special dispatches herein are lo reserved. The Austin American and The Austin Statesman are memhers of the Audit Bureau of Circulation, er-''? a national organization which certifies the circulation of the leading netvapapera of t ha United Statea. Atii- The Washington Merry-Go-Round Board Proposed To Supervise Coal Industry (The expression of this writer are not to be construed as reflecting the editorial view or policy of the newspaper). By DREW PEARSON WASHINGTON. Most important proposal for long-term settlement of the coal crisis has come from Elder Statesman James M. Cox, former Governor of Ohio and candidate for President against Warren Harding in 1920. Cox urges an impartial body similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority to regulate the coal industry. Pointing out that the miners got the little end of the stick for many years, and the public is getting it today, ne proposes that it is now time to make sure that all -'sides, get a square deal; and that the way to do. it is by regulation of the coal industry. The more you study the coal chaos, the more plausible Cox's proposal appears to be. In the Pennsylvania anthracite regions, for instance . mine operators have dug under towns to such extent that cave-ins have swallowed streets and houses. Another problem is the removal of wooden mine props and coal mine pillars. The removal of wooden props causes cave-ins after a mine is abandoned; the retention of coal pillars leaves valuable coal underground never, to be utilized by man. Once 'a mine is abandoned, it is difficult, sometimes impossible, ever to bring to the surface the coal left therein. Another problem is conflicting seams. Near Morgantown, W. Va., for instance, three 'seams run in close juxtaposition the Wayncsburg, which is near the surface, the Sewickley scam, 3f0 feet below, and the Pittsburgh sc-iitn. another 90 fect below that. If the Pittsburgh scam is mined ahead of the Sewickley seam, the latter is likely to work too far down and cave into the shafts of the Pittsburgh seam. And all these seams are mined . by different conflicting owners. k. While the mine operators have fought against government regulation of the coal mines, John L. Lewis also has beea just as vehement against it except in certain cases where he benefited. He has favored federal mine, inspection, and in the early days of the New Deal he fathered the Guffey Coal Act which ! permitted coal operators to conspire to fix prices with the blessing of the government. . '..... However, when Frank Hayes was president of the United Mine Workers back in'vthe Wilson administration, he urged government regulation similar to that now proposed by ex-Governor Cox. When Lewis succeeded Hayes, though, one of the first things he did was to come out against government regulation. , If Lewis had stuck by previous UMW policy for government regulation, the whole history of mine workers' wages and welfare might have beon different. A-Bomb to England Several weeks ago this columnist reported that the United States had given the basic portions of the atomic bomb to England. The story was immediately and vigorously denied. However, as so often happens with diplomatic denials, telltale hints of the truth later leak out; and this week in New York, Senator Tom Connally made a speech in which he dropped a most significant disclosure. For some strange reason what he said was buried on the inside pages of The New York Times, while other papers, as far as can be ascertained, ignored it. What Senator Connally said was that Canada and Great Britain "now possessed the atomic bomb." It is now possible to report more details regarding the mysterious reported shipment of basic atomic bomb parts to Northern England. What was sent to England were the fissionable materials, in other words, the explosive parts of the bomb which when set off, cause sc much damage. The British, however, were not given the bomb mechanism the detonator device that sets the bomb off. This may have been omitted because of danger in shipping the bombs. (They were carried from the United States to England by air.) Or the mechanism may have been omitted for other reasons. At any rate, without the mechanism the bomb is practically useless. In order to explode it, certain component materials must be brought together within l-10,000,000th of a second. This achieves the chain reaction and atomic explosion. So far this has been the real headache for countries hoping to make atomic bombs. For instance one portion of this trigger mechanism was developed at Cornell University after repeating one experiment more than 15,000 times. Baruch Check Following the Merry-Go-Round's revelations about bombs to Britain, the American Atomic Bomb Commission chairman, Bernard Baruch, visited the chief Soviet delegate to the Bomb Commission, Andrei Gromyko, and had a conversation which throws interesting light on the general veracity of diplomatic denials. "When we started this Commission," Baruch said in effect, "I told you that j Your Capital City Good Evaluation Of 'Radical' Students Noted liy WELDON HART The Austin American Capitol Correapondent People (adults, that is) Who work themsleves into handsome lathers over the "radical'' tendencies of University of Texas and other college youngsters ought to read part of Dr. T. S. Painters speech delivered to the San Antonio Phi Beta Kappa-Association Thursday night. This sounds a lot like good common sense and an accurate general size-up oi the situation: As older parents know, when youth, reaches a certain age, he wants to do things differently. -You can call youth radical, if you wish, but this word carries the wrong connotation . . I am certain that every parent with grown children will know what I am talking about. Anyway, 'youth with its enthusiasm, at a certain age, seeks new ideas and new ways of doing things, and anything new attracts, provided it is different from the old established way. Youth espouses new causes with great enthusiasm. . I am sure that you and I would not have it otherwise, for here is the genesis of progressive change and intellectual growth.. It Works Out All Right And, later: "... In the end, I think it is bet'ter thus to let young people undergo this" period of questioning and search for new truths, so that they may find out for themselves, and be better citizens after they have thought things through." ... .Any honest citizen who hasn't forgotten his own college days knows that's sound talk. Today's college students might consider it condescending, but in a few years they'll see it. Some reports of the speech emphasized Dr. Painter's comment on the "danger" that might come from "giving University youth such unbraided freedom that minority groups without the campus will capitalize on this normal period of questioning and unrest is a means of furthering their own political or social idea's or ideals." This may have been a veiled reference to the late Texas political campaigns, or it may have been merely a generality. In either ca:se, it was an almost incidental item in the speech and therefore was undeserving of the "play" it got. Five Years Ago Today The lead story in this month's Coronet, entitled "December 7th, Five Years ago," is a reprint from "One Damned Island After Other: "The Saga of the Seventh." Authors are Clive Howard and :Joe . Whitley, The book tells the story of ' the Seventh Air Force, with which the co-authors served. . Whitley' is a former Austin resident and University of Texas scholar. He won' some measure of undying fame out there as the originator of "Time Staggers On," annual campus musical revue. The boys are getting other breaks on their book: It will be featured this month on two network radio programs, "Five-Star Final" and "Spotlight on America;" Hildegarde will interview one of the Seventh's generals on her program, and Milt Caniff (Terry and the Pirates) will do a special strip about it. It's nil so nice and the boys are so proud, etc. but the hard fact remains that the Army Air Forces Aid Society, not Whitley and Howard, is going to get the grvy. The ex-GIs wrote it on civil service pay. Editorial Diplomatic 'Victories' Often Intangible A correspondent for an American newspaper waS writing the other day about "a smashing ' victory for the United States delegation" at the international committee meeting in London which is seeking to draft a world trade charter. There have been various other newspaper references to "victories". and "defeats" for this nation or that in the' recent efforts to write peace treaties and insure world peace. It is, of course, absurd to speak of nationalistic, victories or defeats in conferences designed to find a means of ending nationalistic disagreements. Then can be only victories or defeats for the cause of wisdom in the nations' search for peace. Yet the old diplomatic habits of thinking are hard to break. The result, if not the avowed purpose, . of other peace conferences has been victory for some powers and defeat for others. But such thinking won't do' this time. Until it is abandoned there will be little progress. And if it is not, you can take your choice from words like tragic or fatal to predict the result. Russia would receive equal treatment, no better and no worse than any other country. I want you to know that I called the President and he said we haven't sent any bombs to England." "How do you know the President is telling the truth?" asked Gromyko. "I know,1' replied Baruch. "because I checked up on him." Note Wonder what Gromyko thinks now that he has heard Senator Con-nally's statement that England and Canada now possess -the atomic bomb? ;Coriht, 1946. by Bell Syndicate. loc.J

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