Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on March 12, 1891 · Page 1
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March 12, 1891

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 1

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Logansport, Indiana
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Thursday, March 12, 1891
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tmrnctU VOL. XVI. LOGANSPORT, INDIANA, THURSDAY MORNING. MARCH 12.- 18'Ji NO. 61. DUNLAFS Celebrated Hats S T I F F and SILK, BEST MADE, SPRING STYLES Now on Sale DBWBNTER, The Hatter JOHNSTON BROS. , "The Corner Drug Store." Johnston Bros, have removed to the Cor. of 4th and Broadway, (Strecker Building.) A Full and Complete Line of DRUGS ON HAND PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFDLLY COMPOUNDED. .1 Spring Suiting, Spring Pants, Spring Overcoating, The nicest, prettiest patterns ever shown, just received at JOS. S. CRAIG'S. r It is none too early to consider what you are going to get in Spring wearing apparel. Come see the things I offer for your consideration in this way. Suitings, Trouserings Overcoatings. THE BEHRING SEA. Lord Salisbury Defines .Great Britain's Position, Points in the Controversy Which Her Majesty Is Willing to Submit to Arbitration. A VEXKD QUESTION. WASHINGTON*. March 11.—The Belir- ing sea negotiations have taken a most favorable turn and the governments oj! the United States and Great Britain appear to have at length reached a basis upon which to settle their difficulties, as is evidenced by the following' communication from Lord Salisbury to Sir Julian Fauncefote, the British minister here, which was laid before Secretary Blaine and was made public by him Tuesday night: "FojtKias OFFICE. Feb. 11, 1891.— To Sir Julian faun cffole—Sir: The dispatch of Mr. Blaine, under date of the 17th of December, has been carefully considered by her majesty's government. The effect of the discussion which, has been carried on between the two governments has been materially to narrow the area of controversy. It is now quite clear thai the advisers of the president do not claim Behring sea as a mare clausum, and indeed that they repudiate that contention in express terms. Nor do they rely, as a justification for the seizure of British ships in the open sea, upon the contention that the interests of the seal fisheries give to the United States government any right for that piy-pose, which, according to international law, it would not otherwise possess. 'The claim of the United States to prevent the exercise of Hie seal fishery by other nations in Behring sea rests now exclusively upon the interest which, by purchase, it possesses in a ukase issued by the Emperor Alexander I. in the year lifil, which prohibits for-] eign vessels Trom approaching within 100 j Italian miles of the coast and islands then be-; longing to Russia in Behring sea. It is not, as I understand, contended that the [ Kussian government, at the time of the issuo of this ukase, possessed any inheritent right to enforce such a prohibition os acquired by the act of issuing it any claims over the open sea beyond the territorial limit of 3 miles, which they would not otherwise have possessed. But it is said that this proposition, worthless in itself, acquired validity and force against the British government because that government can be shown to liave uccejited its provisions. "lam not concerned to dispute the contention tnat an invalid claim may, as against a^other government, acquire a validity which in its inception it did not possess. But the vital questionJor decision is whether the government, especially whether the' government of Great Britain, has ever accepted the claim put forward in this ukase. Our contention is that not only can it not be shown that tha government of Great Britain at any time since 1821 has admitted the soundness of the pretentious put forward by that ukase, but that it can be shown that it has categorically denied it on, more than one occasion. "I understand Mr. Elaine's argument to be' that if Great Britain had intended to protest against the claim of Russia to exclude ships for 300 miles from her coasts in Behring sea she would nave taken this opportunity «' doing so, but that in confining herself to stipulations in faver of full liberty of navagation and fishing in any part of the ocean, commonly called the Pacific ocean, she, by implication, renounced any claim that could arise out of the sarae set of circumstances in regard to any sea that was not part of the Pacific ocean. And then Mr. Blaine ;ocs on to contend that the phase 'Pacific ocean' did not and does not include Behring sea. Lord Salisbury then deals at great length with the latter claim, and, after quoting many authorities to show that tbe Behring sea is and always has been regarded as an integral part of; the Pacific ocean, he continues: "In regard to the questions as they are proposed by Mr. Blaine, I should say that as to the first and second no objection will be oflered by her majes- ( ty's government. They are as follows: ; i "1. What exclusive jurisdiction in the sea» known as Behring sen and what exclusive! rights in the seal tlsneries therein did Russia) assert and exert prior and up to the time ofj the cession of Alaska to tbe United States? J •3. How far were these cfaims of jurisdiction as to the seal fisheries recognized and conceded by Great Britain? '3. "Was the body of water now known as Behring sea included in the pbrase 'Pacific ocean, as used in the treaty of 1825 between •raat Britain and Russia, and what rights (if any) in the Behring se» wsre given or conceded to Great Britain by the said treaty? 'Her majesty's government wuuld have no objection to referring to arbitration tn* first part of that question If it should be thought desirable to do so, but they would give that consent with ihe reservation that they do not admit that the decision of It can conclude the arger question the arbitrator would have to determine. To tbe latter part of No. 3 it would be their duty to take exception. 'What rights, if any, in the Behring sea were given or conceded to Great Britain by the said treaty? Great Britain has never suggested that any rights were given to her or conceded ;o her by the said treaty. All that was done was done to recognize her natural right of free navigation and flshingln that as all other parts of tbe Pacific ocean. Russia did not give these rights to Great Britain, because they were never hers to give away. •Did not all the rights of Russia as to jurisdiction and as to the-seal fisheries in Behring sea. east of tho water boundary, in the treaty Detween the United States and Russia of March 80,1867, pass unimpaired to tbe United States under that treaty? 'The fourth question is hardly worth referring to an arbitrator, as Great Britain would be prepared to accept it without dispute. -The first clause of; the fifth proposition, 'What are now the rights of the United States as to our fur-seal fisheries in the waters of the Behring sea outside of the ordinary territorial .imits! 1 ' is a question which would be very prop erly referred to tbe decision of an arbitrator. But the subsequent clause, which assumes that such rights could have grown out of the owne'r- shlp of the breeding islands and the habits oJ the seals in resorting thereto, Involves anas sumption as to tbe proscriptions of tnternatlon- • al law at the present time to which her majesty's government is not prepared'to accede. • 'The sixth question (relating to the establishment of a closed period In seal fishing), Ich deals with the issue that will arise in case the controversy should be decided In lavor. of Great. Britain, would" perhaps more fitly j :onn the substance of n separate reference. Her majesty's government have no objection to refer the general- question of a close time to arbitration or to ascertain by that means how tar the .enactment of such a provision is necessary lor the preservation of the seal species: but any such reference ought not to contain 'words appearing to attribute special and 'abnormal' rights in the matter to the United States. There is an omission In t.hssn which I have no doubt the government "of the president will be very glad to repair, and that is the reference to the arbitrator of the question what damages are duo to the persons who have been injured. In case it shall be determined by him that the action of tho United States in seizing British vessels has been without warrant In International law. "Subject to these reservations, her majesty's government will have great satisfaction in joining with tbe government of the United States in seeking by means of arbitration an adjustmentof the International questions which have so long formed a matter of controversy between the two governments." INDIANA. Interesting Dispatches from Various Parts of the State. Will Fiprht lliR NP«' Board. TNlHA.N'Al'Oi.is. Ind.. Jlurch 12.—The members of the state board of agriculture were in session for several honrs Tuesday discussing 1 the new law, •which abolishes their legal existence and provides for the appointment of a new board by the governor and state officers. Opinions were read from attorneys declaring' the new law unconstitutional, and it was finally determined i;otto surrender the property of the board and to resist the establishment of the new one. The governor notified them that he would not participate in the appointment of a new board and that he also regarded the law as unconstitutional. A resolution was finally adopted ordering- the secretary to hold all property and pledging each member to resist every attempt of the new board, when appointed, to take possession. Each member also pledged himself not to accept •an appointment from the new Txard. An attempt will be made to jjet the matter into the courts at once. A lilmutar of the Lawmakers. IxuiAXAror.rs, Ind., March 12.—After all the bill which provides that no stockholder in a corporation shall have more than one vote, no matter how many shares he may have, has become a law. \\Tien the senate in the closing hours of the session discovered that such a bill had been passed and reconsidered its action on the measure, it was supposed that it could be prevented from becoming a law; but the discovery was made Tuesday that it had been signed by the governor, and will therefore go into operation if it is not found by the courts to be defective or unconstitutional. It is likely to cause a vast amount o? trouble to corporations and stock companies, because it places in the power of a few men having small interests the control of companies owned almost wholly by others. It is amazing and wholly inexplicable that the bill should have gone through the legislature without its extraordinary provisions having been discovered. Kefusctl Their Commission*. IM>IAXAPOI,IS. Ind., March 12.—-Montgomery Marsh and Silas W. Hale, elected U-ustees for the Eastern hospital for the insane by the legislature, filed their bonds and oaths with the secretary oi state Tuesday, but did not get their commissions from Govl Hovey, and will not unless the supreme court says they shall have them. The governor has served notice that he will not issue commissions to any of the legislature's appointees except State Librarian Dunn, and the trustees who have not applied for their commissions will not probably do so, as they know the application would be in vain. Mandamus proceedings will be brought to compel the governor to issue the commissions. Big BaUway Deal. EvASSvn,Li5. Jnd., March 12.—C. P. ' JIuntington, president of the Huntington system, which has lately purchased the Mobile & Ohio road; M. E. Ingalls, president of the Big Four; J. F. Barnard, president and general manager of the Ohio & Mississippi; Gen. John Echols. of the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern; and George W. Saul, of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois railroad, arrived here Tuesday night. It is said they came here to secure the entrance into Evansville of the Mobile & Ohio road from the south and the Big Four from the north, thus forming one of the greatest railway combinations in the United States." Frozen Gaapipcs Kxplodc. XlAl'TJTOTVD CITY, Ind., March 12.—A remarkable explosion occurred here Tuesday. Superintendent Ford of the Walnut street gas line attempted to thaw out the pipes. He opened the gate and the well pressure did the rest An explosion' followed that was heard all over the city. Chunks of ice formed in the big main were thrown hundreds of feet, as if from a cannon. Workmen were covered with mud, bui no one-was seriously injured. Appellate Court Jucljces Xainccl. IJTDIAJ.APOT.IS, Ind., March 12.—Gov. Hovey .has appointed the following, judges of the appellate court, authorized by the enactment of the last legislature:' First district, George' L. Reinhard. o{ Spencer county; Second, JephaD. New, of North Vernonf Third; James B. Black, of Indianapolis; Fourth, Milton A. Kobinson, of Anderson; Fifth, Edgar D. Crumpacker, of Valparaiso. The first two are democrats. , 'BEesday the.; Minneapolis Tribune . was sold to a company headed by W. J. .Murphy) of.^Grand .Forks, N. D., for S400,uo6' It'''iif(''"said that ex-Senator Pierce, of North-Dakota, is to take tlie editorial management of the paper. THE BEE HIVE Will be the Center of Attraction to-day. LOWEST PRICES Ever quoted on e;ood aoods will be the order of the day. WILER & WISE, Go to Headquarters For Your Spring Suit. Harry G. Tucker, THE PEARL ST, TAILOR. U-l You will find all the Latest Novelties in Spring >J Styles. Tours Truly. "PUCK." The Best on Earth Ben Fisher's V Pure Baking Powder 311 Fourth Street. They Kiek 'em Out! But it will take them some time to kick these out. OUR NEW SPRING HEEL SHOES , Are worth your Inspection. WALKER &RAUCH.: 42O Broadway.

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