The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on August 7, 1950 · 29
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 29

Los Angeles, California
Issue Date:
Monday, August 7, 1950
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WHERE NOT TO SPEND BY RAYMOND MOLEY Since the major cause of inflation is government spending. It would seem that the first step for Congress in finding money for new military-purposes would be to cut expenditures elsewhere. And since the major purpose pf controls i.s.the prevention of shortages and the prevention of the bidding up of costs of materials, the first- step in that direction would be to stop . using such materials for non-military government projects. Instead of turning to these obvious methods of relief, the administration asks for new ".taxes, and the advocates of controls propose immediate regimentation of the economy t apparently ' on the assumption that all new expenditures must be added to the present ' budget. The fact 13 that about half of the $10,SOO,000.000 now asked fpr could be saved for the time being by abandoning or deferring several items in ' current government activities. First, government housing could be drastically reduced or stopped altogether, except for those units . required for defense workers. Next, Point 4 should be dropped altogether. It is silly to think of putting money into areas over which the next armies of aggression .may move. It might be well to withhold all military aid from countries that fail to supply at least some aid in the present Korean effort. The ECA program might be overhauled and considerably reduced for the emergency. A great deal might be conserved by suspending all public works projects such as dams, power developments and irrigation except those that are so near completion as to have a bearing on defense activities. Many of these expensive projects would not in any event be completed for years. They require materials that are already in short supply. And, incidentally, they should not be financed out of current government income in any event, but out of bond issues. - Savings on these projects will be difficult. Congressmen and Senators affected will scream piteously and advance all sorts of reasons why their particular pet is essential to the war in Korea. But if ever an instance pre-. rented itself in which the national interest should come first, it is this demand for new military money. Civilians are being asked to-make new sacrifices to meet this emergency. They are asked by the President to bear more taxes. It is highly fitting that government spenders and politicians show the way by sacrificing some of their objectives first. ' WHO KNOWS THE ANSWERS? 1 Off what shores are the Grand Banks? (a) Australia (b) Newfoundland; (c) Denmark. 2 Who wa3 the first President to receive a telegraphic message by submarine cable? fa) James Buchanan; (b) Franklin Pierce; (c) Andrew Johnson. 3 What metal has the highest melting point? (a) Zinc; (b) chromium; (c) tungsten. 4 What was the name of the famous large-nosed French poet? (a Montcalm; (b) Cyrano de Bergerac: (c) Moliere. Answers: 1 (b); 2 (a); 3 (c) ; 4 (b). THE M'A rt HS3$& wZWWl r ' ' ml r fx r S p?" "', iK..Jrs tag Urp. GRIN AND BEAR IT ' - .... m ''Has it ever occurred to you. Truffle, that one of these days you may want to be classed as an essential employee?" Politburo Might Learn From Peter the Great BY K. LOUIS FLATAU Most people at the United Nations headquarters at Iake Success agree that the greatest danger in the present crisis stems from the Kremlin's fantastic misconceptions about America., It has become plainly evident by now that Stalin and his associates were completely taken aback by this nation's reaction to the Korean aggression. They had never expected that public opinion overwhelmingly would approve of United States armed intervention in such a faraway country even at the risk of a general war. Their intelligence reports had made them believe that American troops would not be committed for the defense of any Asiatic territory. Moreover, a number of official utterances by Secretary of State Dean Acheson and others, early this year, had tended to confirm these reports. Stalin struck because he believed it was pretty safe to strike. The fact that the Kremlin ordered Delegate Malik to return to the Security Council is very clearly an acknowledgment of a tactical mistake. v The mistake, observers believe, was made on the advice of Andrei Gromyko, Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister who was once chief Russian delegate to the United Nations. There are rumors that Gro-myko's days are numbered. He had been long enough in the United States to form an opinion about probable American reaction to any Russian move. This, at least, was what Stalin, Malenkov and Vishin-sky apparently relied on. And because they were sure of it, Gromyko is expected to become the scapegoat But the fact' is. Gromyko was as misinformed as most other high Soviet officials are. He had been warned by Bernard Baruch (according to a U.N. source) but he had paid noattentlon to the warning. Like all Soviet diplomats, he lived practically in a state of seclusion. His contacts were with other diplomats or with paid agents. Diplomats are mouthpieces of their governments. Paid agents want to keep their pay. They are always inclined to say what their boss wants to hear. VISITING CARTOONIST "Good Morning, Neighbors By Lichty Gromyko got to hear what he wanted. When he returned to Moscow bis appraisal of the American people strongly resembled Herr von Ribben-trop's appraisal of the British people when the Nazi envoy returned to Berlin in 1937. Both had failed completely to gr.isp the essentials of Anglo-Saxon psychology. Both gave their dictators a wrong picture of what they were supposed to have observed. The danger is that even after this obvious failure of Soviet diplomacy the Kremlin will, not realize that it was its svstem that failed but assume that the Korean miscalculation was due to the shortcomings of one or several individuals. And the same tragic story may repeat itself soner or later the next time probably with the result of a gereral war. This is the nightmare which haunts everybody now at Lake Success. Things wou'd look much brighter if Stalin had the brains and the imagination of his predecessor, Czar Peter the Great. Peter, 2.10 years ago, also ruled with absolute power over the millions, of Russian slaves who now tremble before the Communist dictator. Peter, too. saw to it that a kind of Iron Curtain separated his lands from the western world. But he himself wanted to be informed. He wanted to know the strange, free world he had to deal with. And to acquire this knowledge he went in disguise to Holland, where he worked for one full year- in a . shipyard as a simple laborer without ever revealing his identity. When he came home he knew what to expect and what to avoid and the extraordinary success of his reign was due to the fact that he perfectly realized the limits of his power and the forces which opposed it. It is said that Stalin greatly admires the late Czar Peter. Stalin is old and no one could expect him to ork in disguise in some foreign ships'ard. But is it unimaginable that a few of the younger members of the Politburo come to America for a year of apprenticeship, to live among the people like anv immigrant and learn what any immigrant learns? mgr . - WALTER LIPPMANN; We Cannot Contain i Russia at All Points; We Might Deter Her Just before it adjourned the British Parliament had a discussion in which Mr. Churchill took the leading part, about the strategic situation in Europe. On the facts there was no disagreement between Mr. Churchill and Mr. Shinwell, the Minister of Defense. Western Europe, they said, has almost no immediate defense if Russia decided to attack except the deterrent effect of American superiority in atomic weapons. Mr. Churchill had asked for a secret session, presumably to discuss the conclusions to be drawn from this estimate of the situation. Mr. Attire refused to have a secret session and, therefore. Mr. Churchill's views were bound to be stated cryptically: "Between having the secret ami making any large number of bombs there is undoubtedly a considerable interval. It is this interval which we must not waste. We must endeavor to make up the melancholy leeway in military preparations which are pressing U3 today and we must never abandon the hope that a peaceful settlement may be reached with the Soviet government if a resolute effort is made, not upon our present weakness but upon American atomic strength." The British picture of the European situation, as ex- pressed publicly by the Minister of Defense and by Mr. Churchill, is in broad terms as follows: The Soviet Union has 175 active divisions which in a few months could be raised to over 300 divisions. On the assumption, which in view of the proved fighting capacity of the Chinese and of the North Koreans is optimistic, that only half of the active divisions could be used in Europe, the Russians csn still "launch over SO divisions upon us without any further mobilization." Of the -active divisions on-third are said to be rmcha-nized or armored, which would mean that at least 25 are available in the west Mr. Churchill made art informed guess that on or near the western front the Russians had 4000 or 5000 tanks "in organized formations." Against thi3 he said that the British, the French, the Belgians and the Americans have a total of 12 divisions, of which lvs than two are armored, against anything from 25 to 30 on the Rus-, sian side. The odds against us In ground troops on the western front are, on the British figures, at least 4 to 1 and it may be as much as 9 to 1 . . . the t tactical air position is not much better, and at sea, said Mr. Churchill "it is probably true to say that the Russian U-boat menace, to our trans-ocean lifeline and world communications, covering all American reinforcements for Europe, would be far more severe than were the German U-boats in 1030 and 1910, and thai seemed quite enough then." - Mr. Churchill's estimate is grim, so grim that its effect on the Continent will be profoundly demoralizing unless the United States can convince the people of the Continent (1) that we are prepared to commit all our resources and (2) that we intend to commit them primarily td reinforcirV our own deterrent power and (3) that we shall use the deterrent power we have and all that we can add to it to support a policy which is neither appeasement nor a demand for Russian unconditional surrender, but is a policy of settlement by negotiation on tho principle of the coexistence of the Communist orbit and of the Atlantic community. A maximum effort to achieve greater military power quickly is imperative. But, on the British estimate of the strategic situation, our maximum effort will not be enough to achieve the security of the Atlantic community unless it ii focused and directed rightly so as to be deterrent, and unless our diplomatic objectives are reduced to realizable proportions. The European picture, a drawn by Mr. Churchill, and our own experience in Korea prove conclusively that while we have the power to deter the Soviet Union we do not have the power to contain all the revolutionary forces around the periphery of the Soviet Union. The Pentagon has always known that. The policy of containment was dreamed up by civilians. A strategy of military containment is, for a country or an alliance that is numerically inferior, nonsense. Thus it may be possible for so ffien to surround and contain 12 men. But 12 men cannot surround and contain SO men. This truism is being given a fearful demonstration in South Korea, where the Americans have been unable to contain the North Koreans because there have never been enough Americans. The alternative to a strategy . of containment is the strategy of the deterrent striking force. That does not mean building nothing but B-36s. It does, mean the organization and the reinforcement and the continual perfecting of task forces designed to penetrate the defenses of the Soviet Union itself. The American power to strike inside the Soviet. Union is what now protects Europe, which is otherwise -virtually disarmed. That is what must protect Europe while it rocs through the painful effort to develop some independent military power of its own against Soviet military action to interrupt European rearmament. There is every reason for thinking that thi3 is substantially the Soviet estimate too. Their propaganda has been concentrated on an effort to neutralize our superiority in atomic weapons on an effort to bring about American atomic disarmament. Their diplomarj' has been concentrated on keeping the Atlantic rommunity embroiled in the Far East, fighting second-class satellites in Indo-China, Ma-la3a and Korea. If they could manage both to disarm the United States of the only kind of weapon in which we have decisive superiority and at the same time involve us in a first-rate secondary war, they could begin to dictate political terras to the undefended and terrified people of Europe. They will, of course, not succeed with their propaganda against our atomic superiority. But they stand a fair chance of diverting our main energies, which need to be focused on the defense of the Atlantic community, into difficult and expensive secondary wars that cost Russia nothing in blood and nothing in prestige, and almost nothing in treasure. CopyrUhU 1150. New York Herald Tribune. Inc. Reflections BY TIMOTHY G. TURNER , Brunch is what Dr. Colby up yonler would call a coined word, or, to get really philo-logically technical, a telescoped coined word. It is a fairly recent combination of the words breakfast and lunch. Other coined words of this kind are Ca lex ico, from California and Mexico; smog, from smoke and fog, and psychiatrist, from psychopathic and chiropractor; i.e. a crazy chiro-prac-or. (Don't hit me, doctor, I'v e got my glasses on.) But to go from etjTnology to gastronomy, which is much nicer Brunch is very largely a California development. Folks are branching all over the place these days. It is new and yet there i3 nothing new in it. Branch Is like the French grand dejeuner or, if you prefer, farmer breakfast. It is eaten, or wolfed, around noon, on 'a Sunday or holiday. people go out to brunch as an event, and friends meet for the occasion. It is an economical wa3r to go to a first-class restaurant. A good brunch can be had for a buck or a buck and a half. You 'can investigate new restaurants in this way. And since breakfast dishes are tmially good almost anyahere it is not too risky a business. There are manv kinds of YESTERYEAR FIFTY YEARS AOO IN THK TIMES, AUG. 7, 1900: The City Council passed an ordinance setting the maximum height of billboards at 10 feet. It had been six. WASHINGTON A battle was reported at Pietsang on the river beyond Tientsin where an allied force of 16,000, mostly Japanese and Russians, was attacked by Chinese who were driven off. The allied los3 was estimated at 1200. BERLIN The Ixkal An-zeiger printed an interview with Li Hung-chang at Canton. Li declared the Boxer trouble was due to resentment against the native Christians, and the German grant at Kiaochow. THIRTY-FIVE YEARS AGO IN THE TIMES, A HO. 7, 191 r,; LONDON The British Cabinet was about to adopt, conscription to obtain men for the British army, it wa3 said. THE NEIGHBORS , r m mm Mm V m J "I brought my husband along just to prove I'm not hoarding oil these groceries." TAKE MY WORD FOR IT BY FRANK COLBY What's the Orign? Question What is the origin of the term "tenderloin" as applied to vice districts of cities? Answer It is said that, before the turn of the century, the old 20th Police Precinct of New York City was a district very much on the seam.y-side. It offered rich opportunities to officers who were not above accepting bribes from leaders of vice rings. One captain, on being notified of his transfer to the 2th Precinct, said exultinaly, "Well, boys, up till now I've been eating chuck steak. From now on it's the tenderloin for me." Q. Why do political parties speak of their 'platforms"? A. Since time immemorial, aspirants to public office have stood on platforms and made .thunderous declarations of their noble principles and high qualifications ... "I stand on this platform and promise 3ou that, if I am elected, I will do this, that, arid the other thing,' ad infinitum. Also, since a platform Is constructed of planks, the on the Custom of Brunch K f BRUNCH lift f JL MENU rrS 1 K05 4 KIDNEYS, FRIKf) JM jf lit SccAMBifcD Kcs "'fcrc X 1 SUSA,G6 STEAK, WNjy vCAKE ,PlE, HOT BgEApyfepJ brunh joints: restaurants, some in hotels, some not, which cater to the rapidly growing brunch trade. The restaurant men like it for it brings new people into their places, and adds to their income when things are dull, noontime of a holidaj'. Sometimes the regular breakfast carte de jour is offered; sometimes a special table d'hote brunch, something with a little fancy starter like a fruit compote. This is followed by choice of fried eggs with ham or bacon; scrambled eggs "and kidneys; hot cakes with little pig sausages toast or hot bread and coffee. Then there are farmhouse-type places where you can get IN THE TIMES ZURICH Venice, in fear of air raids, required absolute darkness after 8-10 p.m. Even smoking out of doors was barred. Candles indoors were allowed, but not oil lamps as those gave too bright a light SACRAMENTO Enough signatures to insure a referendum on the Young nonpartisan bills were filed with the Secretary of State. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO IN THE TIMES. AUG. 7. mr: Chemical tests were begun to determine the cause of death of Mrs. Mary James, whose body was found in a fishpond at her La Crescenta home. SEATTLE Will Rogers visited Wiley Post at the airport where Post was preparing for an Alaska trip, and took a short ride in bis plane. Td fly anywhere with Post," said Rogers when they landed. "Ill take him anywhere he wants to go," Tost replied. . By George Clark 7 jm I r - ' "v v -a m various articles or principles in a candidate's or a party's "platform' are referred to as "planks." Q. Am I correct in believing that the "dog days' are so called because dogs are likely to go mad at that time of year? A. Sorrj', no. The do? days' are so called because of" the rising of the dog star (Sirius) in the summer sky from early July to early September. That dogs "go mad" is pure superstition. Hydrophobia, or rabies (RAV-bees, or, in formal speech, RAY-bi-eez), is a communicable disease caused by a filter-passing virus in the animal's saliva. In such countries as Great Britain, where, the muzzling of dogs is strictly enforced and where Imported animals are quarantined or refused entry, rabies has been held in check. Another superstition is that mad dogs dread water. This mistaken belief arises from the fact that the word hydrophobia literally means "water fear." The truth is a rabid dog craves water, but is unable to drink because of constriction about the throat. Copyrisht. 1950. BeH Syndicate, fried chicken a la Deep South with grits or Middle West style fried mush and slabs of bacon as thick as a magazine. Some go in for huevos ran-cheros at Mexican restaurants, a really fine brunch. I haven't heard of the Chinese restaurants cutting in on the brunch trade but 1 imagine they will in time. Eggs foo something or chicken fooey what-do-theyalI-it? Not long ago I branched with some friends. We went to a far distant brunchery down by the ocean, I forget which ocean it was. When we sat down they didn't give us a bill of fare, they started to give us coffee. We asked to have the coffee with our meal. . Now, the waiter was an old servitor type, a dark brunette. He said that we must have the coffee first "But we want it with our eggs and bacon," we said. '"The boss man says we gotta give the folks coffee first," said the waiter, looking most distressed, for he really wanted to please us. "Dor you pour it down us with a funnel?" we asked. "No, sir," he assured us, twe don't pour nothin' down our guests with no funnel. They don't even do that at the bar." Most of the brunch places ask you if you want anything from the bar when you sit down. Few do. After all, you got pretty far gone to drink before breakfast Maybe we will get around to-the prebrunch cocktail party as we have in really recent years to. the preluncheon cocktail party. But then, w hy have any meals at all? Why not one continuous hors d"oeuvre with dry Martinis and Scotch and odas? We may come to it yet K JL ifk ill MON- AUGUST 7. 1 950-Fort g BOOKMAN'S, NOTEBOOK BYJ0SEPH HENRY JACKSON Notes on the Margin One of the topics about whjeh men have speculated - the Pacific islands and the early migrations of the Polynesians across the ocean. What set them going? Tlain restlessness, wars, or what? Who was it that carved and Flood erect those incredible gigantic stones of Easter Island? And so on. Wholly aside from inventions concerning the Lost It-land of Mu our Pacific At: lands what about the Polynesian, anyway? L f a. inc. - - "Mutiny on the Bounty" man, has lived in Tahiti for years as most readers know. Naturally he has done Rome speculating on his own. Now he comes to the point of getting a few of his ideas down in print. Sensibly he ha3 mad fiction of it for there are ton many gaps in exact knowK edse. - . Mr. Hall's imagination. foT- lowing logically along with what is actually known, is equal to these gaps, and in THE FAR LANDS, his new novel, he suggests what might have- happened and how it came about "Far Lands" makes such a good Btory, in fact, that the Literary Guild has selected the book for Its members in December, and it is running in the Atlantic Monthly (about one-third of the story alto-J gether will appear in that form) between August and November. Mr. Hall believes firmly that when it came to seafaring talents the Phoenicians weren't in it compared with the Polynesians, and he has built his story around a daring voyage of some 800 men, women and children, whose small, double- hulled ships also carried their food, their livestock jind the seeds they took along to plant in their new land when they found it Because he Is a practiced novelist Mr. Hall has made a dramatic story of it too. Atlantic-Little, Brown will publish the book on Nov. 7. ... Keep an eye out for 'Litt1e Britches' by Ralph Moody, which Norton will bring out next week. A story of Colorado in the first decade of this century, it is said by the publisher to be written around one of the most touching father-son relationships in fiction at any rate, since the appearance of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings' The Yearling.' Ai a matter of fact Edward Shen-ton, who did the pictures for "The Yearling," has illustrated "Little Britches." ... To appear in October on the Duell list is "The Choice," written by Boris Shuh, a book in which the author puts forward the startling' suggestion that it 13 possible the Soviet officials will overthrow their own. regime. The publisher feels that the book will cause enough stir so that he has already gone to press with en edition larger than originally planned and made arrangements for a second printing of 10,000 copies, just to be on the safe side. .... Speaking of second nrintinzs. the critical recep tion of Alberto Moravia's "Two Adolescents" (reviewed here a week ago) has almost sold out the book. Farrar, Straus has gone to press with another edition already, within a day of the appearance of the reviews. ... Any enthusiast about t rue crime should know the work of John Bartlow Martin, whose narratives of criminal cases have appeared in Harper's and other magazine for some years. Coming from Harper on Sept 5 is "Butch- ders," by Mr. Martin, in which he has brought together six of his best-known accounts, including the title piece in which he tells the story of the famous Cleveland murders when no less than 12 persons were killed, of whom only two were identified, though the murderer was never caught ... Sept 7 is set by Har-court as publication date for William L. White's "Bernard Baruch: Portrait of a Citizen. Mr. White, you will recall, is the man who wrote "They Were Expendable" and other books. . . . New Yorker readers have been amused for some vmm Hv tho Y.rav fartnnnt of the gentler sex drawn by Cobean. In November, just in time to catch the Christmas trade, will appear "Cobean'i Naked Eye," a collection of the artist's drawings of what the Cobean gentleman sees in his mind as he passes pretty girls on the street, together wits many other Cobean cartoons,

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