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^_^_ ••^p-— *^w ' "*" /*\I^ i\ How Laos Issue Invo I By PHIL NEWSOM 1 UPI Foreign News Analyst With two-thirds of Laos firmly In the Communist grip, two- key questions face the United States in its announced determination 'to prevent the remainder of Southeast Asia going the same way. -4Ias the right-wing government of Prince Boun Oum, and strongman Gen. Phoumi Nosavan announced too late its readiness to join a neutralist regime for Laos? —How much farther is the United States, already deeply involved in South Viet Nam, willing to commit itself? Any lingering doubt about the reliability of the royal Laotian forces vanished last week when 5,000 troops fled in panic from their Nam Tha stronghold, with thei r officers in the vanguard of the flight and without even bothering to inform their American advisers of their plans. .Militarily, there also seemed no doubt that the Communist-led and- equipped Pathet Lao forces could, under present circumstances, take over the whole of Laos is they wished. Problem Is Two-Fold !For the United States, the question was both military and diplomatic. It joined with Great Britain in demanding that Moscow prevail upon Pathet Lao forces to with- draw to the cease-fire line established in May 1961. Militarily, the United S t a t es reacted' with a show of force which included the movement of a 1,000-man U.S. combat unit in Thailand near, to the'Mekong River border, with Laos and the dispatch of a 7th Fleet carrier force with U. S. Marines aboard to the Gulf of Siam. Tactically, it was a move reminiscent of U. S. strategy in' defense of Formosa where, without actually declaring itself, the mere presence of the 7;th Fleet has been credited with preventing a Red Chinese attack on the Nationalist offshore islands of Quemoy and the Matsus. It obviously was hoped that similar moves might also instill caution into the Reds in Laos. In Washington, officials refused to be drawn out on', the possibility that U. S. troops might be dispatched to Laos itself. Under Secretary of State George W. Ball declared that the United States still sought a coalition government for Laos and "we have not at all abandoned hope of achieving it." There were, however, other straws, which also were available to the Communists, indicating that some military' decisions already had. been reached. The most important of these emerged more' than a year ago at a meeting of SEATO .(Southeast Asia Treaty Organization) military advisers in Bangkok. It 'was indicated then that the military commanders had agreed that the defense of Southeast Asia must be made at the Mekong River, a major, stream which originates in the mountains of Tibet, forms Burma's border with Laos, most of Thailand's and finally empties through a vast delta in South Viet Nam into the •South China Sea. U. S. Secretary. of State Dean Rusk assured Thailand scarcely more than two leaders months .ago that the United States firmly would support its commitments to Thailand against both direct and indirect aggression and would do it either inside or outside of SEATO. Hence, the dispatch ot U. S. troops to the Mekong River line in Thailand may take on special significance, especially in light of the fact the Laotian army no longer can be counted as a military force. This evidence, coupled with the United States' declared determination to remain in South Viet Nam until the Communist menace is defeated there, seems to indicate the defense line, running from the 17th.Parallel in Viet Nam to the east to the Mekong River border in the west. There were other . conditions mitigating against the dispatch of U. S. forces into Laos itself. One was the assurance of Red Chinese Foreign Minister Marshal Chen Yi that in the event of Western military intervention in Laos, Communist China "also'will send troops,", thus assuring another Korea. In Washington, there also was opposition. As long ago as May of last year, Sen. J. W. Fulbright, declared he would oppose intervention in Laos because the Laotians were unwilling to shoot "even if you give them a gun." He said he would not oppose intervention in Thailand or South Viet Nam because those people were willing to defend themselves. In Laos, Nikita 'Khrushchev holds the key. In their Vienna meeting in June, 1961, President Kennedy * > * and Khrushchev agreed to establish a "neutral and independent Laos" which would serve as a buffer zone between the Communist and Western powers. He wight move now to halt the southward spread of Red Chinese influence, or he might turn his back. Whether neutral or Red, Laos loses none of its strategic importance. Under Communist control it exposes both Burma and Thailand, strengthens the possibility of a Communist take - over of neutral Cambodia and provides another avenue for the flow of Communist arms into South Viet Num. WARM WE SPONSOR ONLY JBE WORTHWHILE LOGANSPORT, INDIANA Founded in 1844— Leased United Press International Nows, Photo Wires TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 15, 1962 For.,All Newspaper Departments Telephone 414i ' Price Per Copy, Ten Cents Airman Dies in Crash PERU — A 22-year-old Bunker :Iill Air Force Base airman '' ; \vas cilled in a one-cur accident about' 10:45 p.m. Monday on Indiana 24 about 2'/4 .miles southeast of Peru. Dead in the accident was Airman 1C Francis M. Reynolds, of llfi W. Third St., Peru. Reynolds lad been stationed at Bunker Hill since 1958. TWO GRADUATES—Mrs. George Wilson, Sr., visits her son,, George, Jr., at the Louisville Cement plant construction site. It was his first day on the job. (Staff Photo.) Burnetisville, Couple Injured In Accident Mr. and Mrs. William Chanley, Burnettesville,- were treated, and released from St. Joseph hospital after they were injured in, a one- car accident at 1 a.m. Sunday near the Grantham home on Towpath road in Adams township, Carroll county. Mrs. Chanley apparently 'fell asleep while driving and hit an abutment over the Rattlesnake creek. She sustained arm and leg injuries. Chanley sustained hip and leg injuries. Their two children were bruised. The Weather Forecast Northern 3rd Indiana Fair and continued unseasonably warm this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. Slight chance qf'iso- latcd thundershowers Weds'esday. Low tonight 64 to 70. High Wednesday 85 to 92. Sunset today 7:52 p.m. Sunrise Wednesday 5:30 a.m. • Outlook for Thursday: Continued quite warm with widely scattered afternoon thundershowers. No im portant temperature changes. MONDAY lla.in 82 Noon ..84 Ip.m 85 2p.m 86 3 p.m. ,. 89 4 p.m. 5 p.m. 6 p.m. 7 p.m. 8 p.m SB 9 p.m 81 10 p.m 78 Up.m 76 Mid 76 .....90 , !JS 92 , 89 TUESDAY la.m 74 2a.m ..73 3a.m ..71 4a.m 70 Sa.m 69 6a.m 69 1 ajn. 71 5a.m 74 9a.m 7G 10 a.m.. 80 11 a.m.......81 Noon— 1p.m... 2p.m... ..83 ..84 ..85 High Year Ago-81 Low Year Ago—58 Barometer SSaromeler at 2 p.m.,' 29.90, steady River Stage Siver at 7 a.m., 4.16 SOUTH CASTON Mother and Her Son Get Diplomas Graduation was a family -affair at Fulton Monday night,. In South Caston high school's' class of 1962 were Mrs. George Wilson, of rural route 5, Twelve Mile, and her son George Jr. Mrs. Wilson, however, didn't wear a cap and gown. "I tried to remember when I was 18," she said, "and whether I would want my mother sitting by me at commencement. I decided against it." Mrs. Wilson, the mother of four children returned to high school at mid-term last year after a break of "over 20 years". She lacked only a year and a half of high school credit to get her diploma. "MY CHILDREN think this is conceited of me", she explains, "but I believe there is a real need for good teachers today. That's why I went back to school". And the Wilsons' education is not stopping with high school. Next fall, Mrs. Wilson, son George and a daughter, Sharon, will . enter Ball State Teacher's College as Freshman. Mrs. Wilson, who has. been a- .warded a scholarship- for the first, year at Ball Stale, wants to study history and English, and eventually teach in those subjects. George Jr. also will study English and is looking forward to a teaching career. Sharon, a 1958 Twelve Mile gradute, wants to study psy. chology. The family is moving to Muncie U.S. TEMPERATURES NEW YORK (UPI)~The lowest temperature reported'to the U.S. Weather Bureau.:, this morning was 2 degrees..at'vRedmond, Ore. The highest reported Monday was 95 degrees at Laredo, Tex., and Carload, N.M. ' this summer. George Sr., an em- ploye of the C. & :0. railroad in Peru, is being trarftferrecTHo the college town. The other Wilson children are Cheryl, 15, and Bea. - ' \... ...-/ MRS. WILSON'-says'"it is nol hard to make the shift from housewife to student, although.; does take "a little while to adjust from reading for pleasure to studying. You develop a pretty good power of concentration when you live in a house full of kids" With two children in the same school, the Mrs. Wilson frequently shared classes with George. Jr and Cheryl. Asked who made the best grades, Mrs. Wilson answered inscrutibly: "I wouldn't wan that in the paper". And would she advise other adults to complete their education? "Yes. They'll enjoy ii much more the second time than they did the first". .AUTHORITIES . said. . iclds was traveling alone enroute west and as • he approached a sharp curve at the Mississenawa River bridge he missed the curve, went into the air about 40 feet, and landed at the edge of the river some 26 feet from the highway. The vehicle came to rest on She left side and Reynolds was partially thrown out of the car. The accident was discovered at 6:30 a.m. Tuesday by Arthur Hutter, of rural route 1, Peru, who was enroute to work. He notified the Sheriff's department. REYNOLDS DIED of a skull fracture, fractured shoulder and severe lacerations on the left arm, according to Miami county deputy Coroner Dr. Parker Sny- dcr. State Troopers Jack Rich and Arlen Good along with Sheriff Dave Richardson investigated The 1955 model vehicle was totally destroyed. The body was taken to' the Drake-Flowers funeral home in Peru and later ^transferred to the base. REVNOLDS was born in October, 1939, the son of Mr. and Mrs, Willie Reynolds. Survivors include his widow, Mary M.; a daughter, 'Terry Ann; his father, address unknown; his mother, Mrs. Calvin Webb anc his step-father, Calvin Webb, of Little Rock, Ark.; a step-brother Calvin L. Webb, Hope, Ark.; i brother, William J. Reynolds, with the U. S. Navy; a half-sister, Sharon Webb, Hope, Ark. and a half brother, Baby Webb, address un, known. The death was the second recorded in Miami county this year. RUSS Warning MOSCOW (UPI) - Russia's rul ing Communists sounded fresh warnings today about U.S. inter vention in Southeast Asia. WASHINGTON (UPI) - Presi- lent Kennedy today ordered 4,000 U.S. troops into Thailand to help OUTLINES SITUATION-Housc GOP lender Charles Halleck, of Indiana, explains the' southeast Asia situation to newsmen after a bipartisan meeting in the White House. (UPI Unifax.> DUTCH ATTACK Indonesia Troops Land in N.Guinea THE HAGUE, Holland (UPI)The Dutch government announced that 100 or more Indonesian paratroopers, dropped on the southern coast of West New Guinea today. Dutch army, navy- and marine forces were rushed.to ..the-attack. . Rear Adm.. Leendert Reeser, commander - of Holland's New Guinea, forces,, sent word of the landings and it was released here by the Defense Ministry. "Indonesian paratroopers were dropped in two attack waves in the neighborhood of 'Fak Fak on the New Guinea south coast," Reeser reported. He said a£ least 100 paratroopers had landed and that Dutch anti aircraft units had fired at two Indonesian bombers. Ride In C47s A Defense Ministry spokesman said at least four Dakotas (C47s) carrying. about 20 paratroopers each took part in the first wave at 6:30 a.m. New Guinea time (5:30 p.m., EDT, Monday), "Dutch infantry and ma are being rushed to the theater," the spokesman said. "Naval units off the coastline should the Indo nesians want to withdrav' b' boat." The spokesman said there was. no specific information availabl on how many Indonesian fighter and bombers supported the,, lane ings., •„. ,•?.'' "The Indonesians simply do no have 1 sufficient air force for wha under European circumstance could tte described as ,a nfassivi attack," he said. "But that thi is the- largest operation cvc r un dertaken against us is quite be yond doubt." Defense Ministry sources s a i the attack was mounted to sup port another group of Indonesia! .paratroopers besieged by Dutci troops about 20 miles north o Fak Fak. These Indonesians were dropped 10 days ago. S e v e r a were killed in skirmishes and th remnants fled into the ruggec mountainous area of the 0 n i r Peninsula. The paratroop drop was th largest reported military opera tion against the. Dutch position i have been dispatched to clo se|New Guinea since Saves Girl From Drownim Steven' Dunwoody may never be a great athlete, although he loves sports, but to the family of three- year-old Susie Hettinger he's a Roger Maris, Paul Hornung, Bob Cousy and Chet Jastremski all wrapped' ' in one. Steve pulled Susie from the fast rushing waters of the Eel River, near the 18th street playground Sunday after she had fallen into the water and was carried to the middle of the stream. ' The 10-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. David Dunwoody, 72 Seventeenth st., was playing with a bat and ball at the playground when two neighborhood youngsters came running at him yelling, "Su. sie's in the river, Susie's in the river." Apparentlv/Susie had been wadding around"'ilie shore and when running fell into the water /and was carried to the middle by the current. When Steve arrived at the bank the little girl had floated several feet and although occasionally keeping her head above the water by some unknown knowledge of how to float, she .was in serious trouble o'f drowning. Later Steve said several thoughts went through his mind, but being trained by the Logansport summer recreation program last summer in life saving tech- niques, he doffed his shoes and dove in. Susie was in about seven feet of. water and about 15 to 20 feet fro mtheishore. When Steve reached v her, as Steve later related, "Slie knew why I was there and didn't seem to be panicky at all." The young Dunwoody grabbed her by one arm and used the olher to guide himself to the shore while kicking with his feet for momentum. . ' . • By the time he reached -the shore several people had reached the scene and Arthur Shaver. 3 Eighteenth st., helped pull the girl to land. Susie seemed, no worse from the near tragedy and was immediate- ly taken home with no medica care needed. But had Steve no been on the scene and had sh taken in a good mouth-full of wa ter, the story might have a dif ferent ending. Steve last year passed the ac vanced swimming 'course offere in the Logansport swimming pro gram and has a real thirst ft> athletics. At this time he is ing out for a Little League team He's not too big a lad, 62 pounds but is hoping to grow so that h can become a regular with hi school teams. It's doubtful, however, that Mr and Mrs. Jim Hetlinger, of 163 High st., think that, there is greater, athlete in the world. 4,000 Ordered To Land Soon irotect hreal that country from the of Communist mililarv jnits in Laos. The first contingent, Marine combat group, will land at Bangkok Wednesday morning. In a special statement, the 'resident said that "a threat to Thailand is of grave concern to the United States." The Thai government announced earlier that it had consented to the movement of U.S. forces into its territory, which borders on Laos. The President, issuing his state, ment after a bipartisan briefing of congressional leaders, said: "I have today ordered additional elements of the United States mil itary forces, both ground and air, to proceed to Thailand and to remain there until further orders. For Territorial Integrity "These forces are to help insure the territorial integrity of this peaceful country." Some 1,000 U.S. soldiers already in Thailand were moved up near the Laotian border earlier this week. The Marine combat team wil land at'Bangkok, Thailand's capi tal, at 10 a.m. Wednesday. The Marines were sent into the area aboard an aircraft carrier of tlv 7lh Fleet, which is now standini by m the Gulf of Siam. A Defense Department spokes man said the U.S. combat ele merits .in Thailand eventually wil comprise the 1,000 Army troop already there, the 1,800 Marine landing Wednesday and an addi lional 1,200 Army troops and both Air Force and Marine tactical air craft. With supporting elements, 1 th< entire force will number 5,00 men. A total of 7,000 were sen into Lebanon in 1958, the last pre vious time U.S. troops were or, dered ashore under similar circumstances. Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara announced the creation of a new "United States Military Assistance Command, Thailand." It will be under Army Gen. Paul D. Harkins, who also heads the U.S. Military Assistance Command in South Viet Nam. Kennedy said in his statement: "The dispatch of United Stales forces to Thailand was considered .desirable because of recent attack m Litts'by'Communist forces, and the subsequent' movement of Communist military units toward the border of Thailand." To Fulfill Obligations He said he ordered U.S. forces into Thailand so that "we may be in a position to fulfill speedily our .obligations under the Manila (SEATO) Pact of 1954, "There is no change in our policy toward Laos which continues tt be the reestablishment of an effective cease-fire and prompt negotiations for a government of national union," the President b id - 'I'jAs Kennedy was briefing Democratic;! , and Republican 'congressional leaUers,,lhe State Department called in a.vwbasMdors from Asian nations to inform them of the move into Thailand. W. Averell Harriman, assistant secretary of state for Far East- ern affairs, told the ambassadors hat the action was being taken under the obligation the United States assumed as a member of SEATO. Laotian Communist forces now stand on the borders of Thailand after their rout of royal troops in the north of Laos last week. Harriman talked to representa- .ives from all of the Far Eastern members of SEATO—Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan and the Philippines; . Kennedy, meanwhile, gave congressional leaders a full explanation., of the U.S. military move. The President was reported to have said he still hoped for some form of diplomatic progress which would produce a new political solution in Laos. to in Kennedy did not attempt project possible U.S. action Southeast Asia beyond the expected landing of the Marines in Thailand. Neither did he indicate that he would ask Congress Or any new authority or funds to deal with the Asian situation, it was said. "He has all the authority he needs at this point," one legislative leader commented. Kennedy was said to have told the legislators that the uncertainties raised in Southeast Asia by the resumption of attacks by the Communist led-Pathet Lao rebels made it imperative that U.S. forces move closer into the area to be ready for any eventuality. The President was said lo have explained that he needed military flexibility to back up his diplomatic efforts to get pro-Western, Communist and neutralist elements in Laos to the conference table to negotiate a coalition government. Laos Troops Form Drive On Rebels VIENTIANE, Laos (UPI) American military sources said today that royal Laotian government forces are regrouping . in northwestern Laos'for a push toward the rebel-captured town of Nam Tha. There was no word on whether this government troops have made actual contact with the pro-Corn- munist rebels. There has been no report of fighting since before the weekend when Laotian soldiers p-o it r e d across the Kemong Rivc-r into Thailand in advance of the rebel drive. Aerial observations showed the rebels still had not occupied the Mekong River village of Houei Sai which the royalists have abandoned Most of the 2,600 soldiers who fled to Thailand were being flown back into Laos, landing at Luang Prabang, Vientiane or Savannak- het. Local diplomats could do very little here today to try In bring peace lo Ihis troubled land. Premier Prince Boun Oum and his strongman deputy, Gen. Phou- mi Nosavan, are in Taipei trying to get aid from Nationalist China.