The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on October 5, 1929 · 3
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 3

Los Angeles, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 5, 1929
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ccxoiir,?. z. ijzxtt'S B0YC0TTFAILS TO WORK HERE The-Taboo-of-Unionism Has-lior-Jd-Hre UNIONS BLAMED -: FOR RACKETEER Forty Years' Trial Proves It a Boomerang i i I X . M Bombs and Guns Shonn at Open-Shop Session 1 Blacklisted Establishments Prosper Under It Publicity Called Remedy for Radical Outrages TODSTOES TO SERVE C:- ! ATURDAY MORNING. ii i I I ir sAi z V 1 1 ' -15 II I I SV. i I I " il - I Remarkable Record of Its Use in Los Angeles (Continued from First Page) er"s one of the greatest mercantile establishments of the West. The heavy guns of the 'secondary boycott" were directed at the store almost continuously from 1890. Prior to that time, in June,'1888. the store had enlarged its quarters on Spring street by using a portion of the tewly erected Phillips Block so that et that time it had a frontage of 106 feet. Later, in the face of boy- cott hammering, the store expanded to occupy the balance of the ground noor and upper stones of the rhii- lips Block and also the Ponet Building adjoining the Bumiller Block on the north. These enlarged Quarters were opened to the public on April 17. 1899. The store had 55,000 fert of floor space at that time and was then the largest retail store in Los Angeles. In the fall of 1904 chopping crowds had made these quarters far too small and a new site at Eighth and Broadway was purchased. When the new store was completed and thrown open to the public in 1908 more than 80,000 people passed through its seven entrances in one day. The cost of that structure was estimated at $2,000,000 and the permit was the largest in the history of Los Angeles tp to that time. . "TIMES" GAINS In th3 period during which the boycott against The Times was inost Vigorously pushed from August 5 to November 8, 1890 the circulation of The Times made what was until then the record gain of over 600 copies daily from 6722 on the day of the strike to 7300 three months later. The blue buttons had become a rarity. In November . the typographical union boycotters received a severe setback in the form of a decision by Superior Judge Armstrong of Sacramento county declaring their pet device illegal. : The case arose from a strike of union printers on the Sacramento Evening Bee, published . by James McClatchy & Co. The Bee had fired an incompetent stereotyper for abusing his machinery and the other members of the Sacramento typographical union demanded his reinstatement. This was refused and the men struck. The. Council of Federated Trades thereupon declared a ;boycott against the Bee and, as In the fight on The , Times, did all they could to influence readers and advertisers against the paper. The McClatchys went to court, asking an injunction to restrain the typographical union and the Federated Council of Trades from any asts tending to injure the business of the paper. In his decision, which has become a precedent in labor litigation and has been concurred in by many other tribunals. Judge 'Armstrong set out that the Use of the word boycott Is in itself a threat, that a boycott , is an unlawful combination of per- 6ons to inflict injury upon some person or company with the object M ! I ) a a complete line of hclcna rublnsUin beauty preparations :hic a a daring little - hat of black felt ... one of many attractive models for the junior miss . . . 10.00 have you seen the surprisingly metallic tricot turbans? 7.50 junior collegiate millinery first floor Myer Siegel & Go. '733 south flower tea ssgriu: AlStfp T IMI v tl Mhie Brewing.' Co I Am tLVNLA '' I v . - i ' -X- - V 1 - I 1 -"I L. a. Some Exhibits in the Boycott Phase of the Open-Shop War The skull-and-crossbones poster is that used in the brewery strike of 1910 against Los Angeles-made (open-shop) those used by The Times in 1897 to offset a national advertising boycott against it. Below (left) is in 1888, before the boycott: At the right is Hamburger's in. 1908, after years of intermittent boycotting . consistent advertising in The Times. - - . - ' of enforcing compliance to a 'demand. He held that the boycott is thus a violation of all established law in protection of the rights of person and property and further declared it is not in the interest of labor in general but of a special class. The injunction issued. It is interesting to note in this connection that the United States Supreme Court, in the case of Lowe & Co., vs. the United Hatters' Union of Danbury, Ct ruled that the boycott is illegal and that anyone or any organization instituting a boycott is liable for damages. (February 3, 1908.) The United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth California District declared the boycott illegal in the case of naive charming ensemble in Velvet for the egiate junior co the intangible loveliness called youth finds expression in this charming ensemble . . '. luxuriously soft . . . beautifully simple . j of black velvet, a clever item is the eggshell crepe satin sleeveless blouse which can be worn in the popular "tucked in" fashion or. over the front-flared skirt ... in black, brown or blue . . . 29.50. ' sizes 13-15-17 junior collegiate salon: first floor ; smart Hanchett vs. Chiotovich. In his ruling on this case (May 14, 1900) Judge Erskine M. Ross said: "It is, in our judgment, a clear violation of the right appertaining to every person in an industrial enterprise for another person, through malice or revenge, to command or induce other persons to withdraw or withhold their custom from him, or otherwise maliciously interfere with his business." BY NATIONAL FEDERATION ; That the boycott was peculiarly a weapon of the American Federation of Labor itself, as well as of its agents, and that the . highest officers of the federation practiced it in defiance of the law was shown in the case of the Buck Stove Company of St. Louis, whose product was ordered boycotted by the federation in 1907. , The Buck company sought and secured an injunction from the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia restraining the federation from boycotting the company's products. In an editorial . in the Federationist, organ, of the A. F. of L President Samuel Gompers of the federation immediately announced that the boycott would continue despite the court's order. It did. whereupon President Gompers, Vice-president John Mitch ell and Secretary Frank Morrison, all of the federation, were adjudged in contempt of court and sentenced to serve twelve, nine and six months in jail, respectively. Los Angeles, however, had hadj prooi or tne icaeraiions predilection for the. boycott, considerably earlier. About five years after the failure - of the first campaign against The Times and its local advertisers, during which a desultory boycott had been kept up, the federation sent ; Arthur Hay here to show recalcitrant merchants and newspapers what a real boycott was like. ..." The war on The Times and its advertisers came to life with a bang. Again Hamburger's was selected to bear the. brunt of the attack, next to The Times itself, - the boy-cotters believing that if the store could be bluffed out of the columns of The Times, all the rest would follow. Patrons of the store were spied upon and deliveries traced to gefr. a list of the establishment's regular customers. These were "worked on" in every possible way by the unionites in an effort to bluff or frighten them into ceasing to trade at Hamburger's. The store let go a broadside in the form of a public statement referring to the boycotters as "the trouble-makers of the typographical union" and to their boycott as an "insane idea." The union retaliated with a series of charges against the personnel management of the store but they got nowhere. In the meantime the , American Federation of Labor itself was Un officially busy with a national boy-, cots 01 rne limes, directed ad non-Los Angeles advertisers. Every city in the country where there 'was an A. F. of L. union was instructed to have each member thereof write personal letters to each national advertiser in The Times warning him that, unless he ceased doing so, his product would be no longer used by organized labor anywhere.' List3 of the advertisers and "form" letters to copy were supplied by the federation and thousands of such letters were written by persons without the slightest idea of what it was all about. Ludicrous mistakes were made, as when the Bishop of the Mormon Church at Salt Lake City received 600 letters from members of a lady garment workers' union at Memphis advising him that they would no longer use Bishop's Pills (a proprietary medicine made at Salt Lake for the exclusive use of men) unless he stopped advertising in The Times. The whole country laughed at that. . ;;, ..; PRODUCTS BOTCOTTEO From time to time various products of the ' open-shop factories of Los Angeles were ordered boycotted along with the national campaign of the American Federation of Labor against the city itself, the un expected yet characteristic boycott-boomerang effect of which has already been described. In a connection to be told in later articles, Los Angeles-made beer was one of the products most vigorously boycotted. In 1903, during a strike of butchers, a boycott was declared against several Los Angeles wholesale meat packers operating open shopj This was in the form of "Fair List" of union packing houses, to be patronized to the exclusion of the nonunion establishments. Here again the public rallied to the support of the boycotted plants to an extent that made It good busi ness to be boycotted. The city got another laugh at the expense of the boycotters when the Sentous Meat Packing Company brought suit to enjoin the Council of Labor from any longer including its name in the "Fair List." 'As a sound business measure, Mr. Sentous demanded to be boycotted along with the rest of the packers but the council officials evaded the process-servers and continued to handicap' the Sentous plant with its unprofitable approval. However, next to Los Angeles itself, The Times continued to be the principal object of the boycott. Almost every year saw tome new campaign started against The Times, each time under a new union general. In turn, Jim Gray, P. H. McCarthy, Frank Buchanan of Chicago, Eugene Clancy of San Francisco and finally James Lynch himself, president of the typographical union, came here and tried then-hands at the knotty Job of putting The Times out of business. In the aggregate, a very large - sum of money was raised and spent on the effort, without visible result except to further advertise The Times. So much money from union dues and assessments, in fact, went down this particular rat hole that one of the largest causes of dissension in union circles in those years was the question of what became of all the money subscribed to destroy The Times. When Lynch came here to take personal charge, he brought a "sack" popularly supposed to contain $25,000. but his success was no. greater than that of the others.. The war continued, With" engagements at intervals, until 1910. when accumulated hatred culminated in the dynamiting of the Times Building and the murder of twenty of its employees. Like the rest of the attacks on The Times, this appalling crime reacted with multiplied force on its unionite authors, costing the causa of organized labor more than all the rest of its mistakes put together. , UP TO THE PRESENT Since 1910 the campaign against The Times has been, less open if not less vigorous. The newspaper has never lost its place at the head of the list of open-shop organizations regularly published as the "unfair" or boycott list of local laborlte periodicals and it has never faltered, either in its support of the true rights of labor or in its own forward progress as the largest newspaper in the world. It is fair to say, however, , that not all unionism subscribes to the boycott against-The Times. At the recent annual convention of the State Federation of Labor at Long Boach two attempts, led by the Los Angeles delegation, to have The Times put on- the "unfair list" failed. Paul Scharrenberg, secretary of the federation, said that no such action had ever been taken by the State body. Tomorrow's article will deal with the part played by Los Angeles in the famous Pullman strike of 1894, better known as Debs's Rebellion. Continued Tomorrow POSTMASTER SELECTED ' WASHINGTON. Oct, 4. (Exclusive) The Postofflce Department today announced the appointment of Joe M Mauzy as postmaster at Crucero. San Bernardino couflty, California, to succeed Frank E. Williamson, deceased. Mauzy has been acting postmaster,- beer. The postcard is one of the Hamburger store on Spring street directed against it because of its RED FLYERS' PLANE DOWN UNDAMAGED Gale and Mptor Trouble Force Soviet Aviators to . Break Journey CRAIG (Alaska) Oct. 4. VP) Bringing first word of their ' own safety, two of the four Russian aviators flying from Moscow to New York reached here today after being forced down because of motor trouble at Waterfall, twelve miles north of here. The Russians landed at Waterfall at 8:30 a.m., less than two hours after they left Sitka. Instead of following the western coast line to Coppermount, where they have a supply of gasoline and oil, the plane was turned into the comparative security of the inner waters along Prince of Wales Island. A few miles below Waterfall the aviators, with the motors missing, ran into a wind which at times reached gale proportions. Rain blinded their vision. The huge plane was flying only a few feet above the stormy waters and landing meant a probable overturning. The monoplane was turned back and headed for Waterfall Bay, where it was landed and moored safely.' The crew, composed of S. A. Shestakov, commander; Philip E. Bolotov, second pilot; Boris V. Sterligov, navigator, and Dmitry V. Fufaev, mechanic, was unhurt. Shestakov and Sterligov were brought here by. a cannery tender of the Nakat Packing Corporation. Blease Asserts Hoover Benefits by Prohibition WASHINGTON, Oct. 4. Senator Blease, Democrat, South-Carolina, said in-the Senate today that "prohibition has been called a noble experiment by President Hoover who is one of its chief beneficiaries." . ' Previously, the Senator had said his attention ,had-. been called to a report that Mr. Hoover, is "one of the Jargest. grape growers" in the country and that the price of grapes has advanced. 1000 per cent under prohibition. ... .... The South Carolinian said freight rates on grapes recently have been reduced, and that the Federal Farm Board has advanced. $9,000,000 as a loan to the California grape industry. Instead of "fooling-with farm relief boards," he added, some action should be taken toward lowering rates on agricultural products, . but that "for .some . reason . or other" opposition always develops. He then introduced a bill' lower such rates. . Chaplin Back of Supper Club SACRAMENTO, . Oct 4. ' MTV-Charles Chaplin, screen comedian, is named as a director of the Russian Eagle Supper Club in articles of incorporation filed today. Headquarters of the noncapitalized, nonproflting organization is to be in Hollywood, and the purposes of -the club are to "promote sociability and friendship amongst its members" and to advance interest in the arts and sciences. Directors were named as Chaplin.. Harry Crocker and Robert Milton of Los Angeles, Theo Lodljen-sky of West Hollywood, and A, Tola boC of Culver City.- A'ci'p Industrial Code to be Drafted in South OKLAHOMA CITY (Ofcla.) Oct. 4. (Exclusive) The "bigger and better bomb" maxim of American racketeering was set up as a target for concerted attack during the coming year as the popular criminal game was flayed by speakers from widely scattered sections at the American Plan Open Shop Conference here today. Nation-wide publicity and fuller protection' of constitutional rights were declared the remedy of . this highly organized crime which now operates in aoout 200 ousmesses. BOMBS EXHIBITED Leading : the attack was Joseph Nielson of the. Employers' Associa tion of Chicago, who produced a variety of bombs, sawed-ofl shotguns, machine guns and other para phernalia of Chicago's racketeers to illustrate his speech.- "Publicity kills the "simon pure' racket which exploits business or employees by forcing them to join so-called trade associations it unions," said Nielson. "The collusive-agreement" racket is harder to handle. It involves and benefits the unscrupulous business man, the criminal leader of organized labor, the crooked politician and forces of the underworld. 'Both are products of lax law en forcement and widespread indifference. The remedy is development of a business civic consciousness," UNIONISM BLAMED , f Most of the speakers laid the blame for racketeering squarely at the door of unionism. C. W. Kir-berg, manager of the Fort Worth Open Shop Association, said, "Communism, unionism and racketeering are all one and the same thing." From J. B. Landers of the Oklahoma City Open Shop Association and Pierce Wright of the Detroit Building Trades Employers' Association, came further, rsvelations of closed shop racketeering practices, "Labor 'misleaders' are attempting to bamboozle labor In the southern States,". R. C. Sutton, New Orleans Industrialist, told the conference while , recounting the recent New' Orleans street-car strike. The lesson of New Orleans, he said, is the lesson of progress for both employer and labor under open-, shop conditions. OPEN SHOP IN SOUTH Representatives " of . Southern States at the fourteenth session ex pressed the belief that the Gastonia strike will open the way to more rapid spread of the open-shop idea in the South, particularly in the textile and clothing industries. E. T. Lay, Jacksonville, manager of the Associated Industries of Flor- Ida, said the Gastonia situation will result soon in adoption of a new code of principles by employers that will add impetus to the open-shop movement. E. P. Mickel, Nashville, urged greater activity of open-shop leaders in the South to counteract the Inrush of union organizers which has followed movement of the textile industry from New England to the cotton States. That future stability of labor in America depends largely upon the building trades was the message brought to the meeting from every section of the country. Speaking on this, Slgney E. Cornelius, manager of the San Antonio Open Shop Association, said: "The open-shop movement Is not one of contractors, employers, manufacturers, but a demonstration by the entire people that they are determined to remove the harassment of an organized minority, to stabilize industrial conditions and promote an understanding between employer and employee." . . COSTE HUNT CONTINUES IN SIBERIA Expeditions Return With No Neics of Flyers Lost for Six Days MOSCOW, Oct. 4. OTWith fresh rumors to spur them on, the searchers over a widespread section for Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bel-Ion te, French aviators, continued today to hunt for some trace of them in the Siberian wilds without definite results. The last positive sighting of the red sesquiplane-was neany six dajs ago,, .-. Two special expeditions of mountain hunters sent out by. the civil aviation authorities of ' the Buriat soviet republic after 'four days of search returned tonight and reported they had found no trace 0! the aviators. One of these expeditions searched thoroughly in the district of Ust-Bargusinsk, where the Frenchmen were last "seen flying and the other secured the eastern shores of Lake Baikal. Unconfirmed reports today placed the two men near Chita, in Eastern Siberia. There also was - a , repovt that their plane had been seen crossing into Manchuria. , , , Notorious Coast Bandit in Ward for Sanity Tests WASHINGTON, Oct.. 4. P) Roy Gardner, Pacific Coast mall robber, and for many,years the "most dangerous prisoner in the history of Atlanta prison," is in St. Elizabeth's Hospital here for mental observation. After being released from handcuffs and leg irons In the large hall to mingle with other Inmates, he broke the nineteen-day hunger strike which led directly to his removal from Atlanta, s.. He has completed eight of seventy-five years of imprisonment hanging , over him. His hunger strike was a protest against the prison fare in the Atlanta penitentiary.- YA- - "k- Im (I Anniversary Sale at Dyas Saturday specials for 1 'the school girl! Rain Coat and Hat 4.95 Colored leatherette rain coats, fleeced for w; :. ..'. and with hats to match ... red, green, .navy, nc? brown. Sizes 8 to 14. Reg. 5.95 value! Velveteen Jackets 9.50 Smartly tailored, double-breasted velveteen: .-:ti for the EIGHT-TO-FOURTLLN in brow black, or the imperial blue of the navy! New School Frocks 1.75 Girls wash dresses in the gayest of colored t fir's, Sizes 2 to 14. A marvelous opportunity to t l ie quantities needed for school at only 1.75! Girls' Print Pajamas 1.75 The new tuck-in and slip-over pajamas ir vivta young prints for the EIGHT-TO-FOUR1 EEN . . styles and patterns enough to choose a vl;c!e year's supply at only 1.75 a pair! Rayon Athletic Suits 95c Free athletic-style suits with French-cut legs in a good quality of flesh rayon. Sizes 2 to 6. Now the time to buy at only 95c a suit! ' DVAS CO.-FOCrtTH FLOOR ""- DEAD DIAMONDS ,,E AN EXPENSIVE LUXURY. Convert your dla- , A - h monda and Jewelry now Idle In cafe deposits inta xij JTl f j HIGHEST PRICES PAID APPRAISEMENTS MADE .. H ROBINSON, ZACK CO., INC. : f! I MAMFACTCRLNG JEWELERS . j TU-713 Fortm.n Bide. Pbone TL'cker 465i 7D7 So. BUI St.. to Anl y j nsiirTT ,r Information About Schools Commercial Scfobols; t v z nyfy rTfT" -cam ex tire Flttrcy 1112 f Cc;tzC2 Woodbury L. A. COLLEGE OF Enroll Now LAW Law Pre -Leg a I ' Day and Night Session SAWYER ; flratfu&t hnva Tlv .nt 805 S. SAN DIEGO ARMY AND NAVY ACADE'IY Th Uit fotlU of th Wm. fuiW rcrtolf) rh,.o pr(v.,rifrf? t Oi'etf.", I'.-ni I Anntpr.ll h1". t-hool fr fjef bf Imxi i'luiUc iir! ..urt wfi, Oirlitijn influence. Jnrt prtt .nol l f I-. Hi wuii'pi't Rnr ev M ,$" - COU THOIt, A, QAVi8t PrM. iM Cut U S. V. U.utry.) rft Cwm". o IS. h s , . The Timet School and College Bureau will help you secure complete information about any kind ct School or Educational Training. Carefully compiled date are on file, from, which source euogestiont be made which will be helpful to you. THIS SSRV. ICE IS FREE. Addreaa, write or call the TIMES School and College Bureau, First Street and Brcid. way telephone MEtrooolitan 070O or leave your name and addrese with the TIMES' Branch OTice School and College Bureau, 621 South- Spring euert. . and the deilred school data will be jnailed to you. TEN VFAttS Mutton .... i talarice by pari- unt cftcctCcflo .k I.wJL.Lk.I IK tft 041? Foremost for fortT-fle jtxn. Alt counts VnlrerltT 4 ' . toilet. Bachelor decrto In two rears. , " r.losoes. Enter nr time. Kirtllent positions oettfred. fir;. ' lima k F. . .1 ' - 1-1 .bu;i. .till ' Eldg. 727 So. Figueroa St. ei OF i XHS 747 S. HILL TU. eiat " ttt taulvlttt f Mttril wi' at iftc tr lb l)!tr 4itiH. ti(i Flower St. TR.. 3378. 3

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