The Austin American from Austin, Texas on March 7, 1971 · 1
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The Austin American from Austin, Texas · 1

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Sunday, March 7, 1971
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V Read by the Decision-Makers of Texas . Austin, Texas, Sunday, March 7, 1971 J Vol. 47 - No. 220 180 Pages - 10 Parts 25 Cents HOME EDITION Sunday . . . . . . the news inside Stock Market Shows Weekly Gain The Dow Jones Industrial Average broke out of a period of consolidation and the resulting advance produced the best weekly gain since the first week of December, 1970. PAGE BH House Tax Bill Due Alteration A $492.5 million tax package passed last week by the Texas House will likely undergo drastic changes in a joint Senate-House conference committee before final passage. PAGE All Conservative Trend Seen at UT The chairman of the Young Americans for Freedom at the University of Texas (Austin) says "the radical movement reached its peak last spring" and now he sees a definite turn to the right among the students. PAGE A9 Marine Chief Corpsman Retires Twenty-eight years of service most of it with the Marine Corps came to end Saturday when H.MC Joe Cannon Froh was honored upon his retirement from the Navy. PAGE A8 Students Taking a Break The notion of college as four straight years bounded by the ends of high school and career is being challenged this year by educators, restive students and financially pressed parents. PAGE A10 Calley Jurors Full of Questions The six-man jury trying Lt. William Calley Jr. for alleged atrocities at My Lai is permitted to ask questions of the witnesses. And they are doing just that frequently. Sometimes the judge has to warn them of irrelevant questions, PAGE A7 Kidnap Victim Kept Diary Claude L. Fly, the U.S. soils expert released last Tuesday after seven months in the hands of Tupamaro terrorists in Uruguay, has written an account of his ordeal. PAGE A2 62 Trouble-Makers Suspended The president of Prairie View AIM says 62' students who he said "clearly committed unlawful acts" during recent campus troubles hare been suspended and will not be permitted to return to classes. PAGE AJ Guerrero To Support 6-1 Plan After resignir? two weeks ago as chairman of the Citizens for Equal Representation, Arthur Guerrero is again supporting efforts to get the 8-1 ward system before Austin voters. PAGE A3 Partners With Peru Elect Officers Texas Partners of the Americas with Peru meeting here have elected Dr. Jim Cranberry, mayor of Lubbock, as president to succeed Dr. David Wade of Austin. Wade becomes chairman of the board of directors. PAGE A7 Debs To Be Presented A fantasy a composition in black and white with silver accents will be the .?tting for the presentation of 15 Junior Helping Hand debui..i.,.;- Wednesday night at Municipal Auditorium. . PAGE El 'Please Stand By' The television industry is in the midst of the greatest upheaval in its history and the outcome will determine the direction of broadcasting for the remainder of this decade. SW PAGE 1 Supineness Is a Sin? According to popular modern ethic, rest in bed is a sin. Well, maybe, but scarcely any occupation is more innocent, less harmful to others, or more satisfying. PAGE BIO Educators Rap Nixon Program WASHINGTON' (AP) Senators charged with drafting higher-education legislation are being told by college officials that the Nixon administration's program could compound their problems rather than helping to solve them. The reason, they say, is that the student-aid provisions of the program undoubtedly would increase their enrollments even faster than they have grown in recent years. But the program contains very little in t-!ie way of support to the institutions to aid them in meeting the needs of these students. Democrats on the Senate education subcommittee agree this is a key problem. Their solution is contained in a bill introduced by the Panel's chairman, Sen. Claiborne Pell, D-R.I., which would provide a federal payment of up to $1,000 a year to the college for each student who attends with government help. But Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Elliot L. Richardson rejected t-his in testimony before the subcommittee j last week. He said the administration is not at all convinced this is the; best way to help the institutions although he agreed they face at severe financial squeeze. Democrats retort that the problem is not to find the proper; method to channel the aid but toj get President Nixon to commit j the dollars for it in his budget, j Representatives of the col-i leges and universities have not yet testified before Pell's subcommittee in the hearings on the 1971 higher education legislation. But many of them have made! known the views unofficially lo . v. - t u- TV... jn I ! clare that: Their financial situation is so serious that a number are running substantial deficits for the h s L JUL Ji Viets Seize Prime Objective SAIGON (AP) South Viet-rsaid namese troops struck a blow at are in complete com ml, ' enemy supply lines Saturday, he Saigon government do -eizing Sepone after heavy dared. fighting around that hub of the About 2m South vietnamese Ho Chi Minh trail in southern; illfantrvnien were mted by heli- laos, Kugon neaaquaners an iL.opters jnt0 the ms overlook have served as an important junction for the North Vietnamese in the movement, of men, supplies and equipment from Uw North into South Vietnam and Cambodia. ' Sources said a number Of the nounced. Sepone, on Highway 9 and 25 air nus from the Vietnamese border, had been described as a ing the valley town in the past 'many roadways and trails" that two days. The thrust into Sepone hself was made shortly after noon prime objective when the South; Saturday and after U.S. aircraft Vietnamese drive into Laos be-(had mounded repeatedly enemy in a Pllil S,an Feb 8. With a big assist from U.S. bombers and gunships pounding the North Vietnamese inside Sepone before the ground thrust, the South Vietnamese drove the enemy into retreat, a spokesman REPAIRING THE DAMAGE Workmen chip plaster from walls and sweep up fragments as the first steps in the restoration of the bomb-damaged section of the nation's capitol following a pre-dawn explosion last Monday. The rebuilding job could take up to six weeks. (AP Wirephoto) Ransom Not Paid In Turkey positions. The U.S. Command announced Sunday that two more helicopters were shot down and destroyed in the lower panhandle of Laos while supporting the South Vietnamese ground troops. No casualties were reported. The losses, which occurred Saturday raised to 54 the number of American helicopters officially reported destroyed in the Laos campaign. The South Vietnamese spokesman, Lt. Col. Tran Van An, said 283 North Vietnamese were killed in fighting around the town Saturday, many of them by American Air. He said he did make up the Ho Chi Minh network converged at Sepone,. then spread from there again on the route south. American To Return To Run City Buses By ALAN BAILEY ; meeting,, voted 4-2 to replacej hours of rambling talk. Staff Writer j Transportation Enterprises, Inc. TEI had submited a proposal American Transitiwith American Transit with aiin which the comoanv wouldlton. San Angelo, Tex.; Airman Corporation, parent company of jsufsMy. which will run between 'buy new Twin-Coache s, 1. C. Larry J. Heavner, Denver, Austin Transit, will take over) $150,000 to $175 000 annually. isi-passenger gasoline powered j Colo.; Richard Caraszi, Stam- ihut he termed them light "There are no enemy in Se- ANKARA (AP) Police andj v ... ... it, jnot have the number of govern-across this Turkish capita! and; . 6 'manned roadblocks on its b'gh-i nel "5Ud" " " . ways Saturday in search of ter-j Irnrictc whn kiHnanpd and: !.u..j 4 i-;n r,,- it c oir Ipone now," An said, adding that men. . . i i it u ! H was not miuwii u uc -i,r:-,- -n;,.;r;n x.nA ..n:- napers had carried out their! . ; but in previous years the pdmin- death threat. The deadline forou " nA . : listration has been silent oa the the navment of $400,000 ransom . r. . ... ... , issue and the legislation has - - meeu ai'diiuuneu o us i-au icsi- , j;he enemy force, elements of hhe ba'tle tested 320th North City Job Equality 'Expanded5 WASHINGTON (AP) In a little-noted policy shift, the Nixon administration has endorsed a proposal that would give the federal government power to combat racial discrimination in local police forces and ether state and municipal agencies.. For the first time it supports an extension of the authority of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, now limited to private employment, to the 9i million employes of state and local governments. That has long been a recommendation of civil rights groups P.sseu wmm., u-ui-uuB. dents and almost completely U.S. and lumsh omnais wpwi vv earlier air strikes made no move "to pay. The victims S.Sgt. Jimmie J. Sex- which it; Mayor Travis LaRue, Stuart j buses, that the city would have (Sec PLAN. Page A6) Railroad Negotiations Move at 'Snail's Pace' WASHINGTON (AP) and management rail negotia tors rtcessed Saturday talks which a Labor Department offi- the bus operation, abandoned last July. IMacCorkle, Jay Johnson and D.jto buy if the city ever went into The citv council, in a rare;R- Prce voted to bringjthe bus business itself or gave iSaturday morning emergency American Transit back while'the franchise to another Les Oage and Ralph Janes! company. voted against it. Councilman! TEI had Joe Atkison was absent. Both Gage and Janes favored city the city going into the bus business and buying buses. American Transit will stsrt running 25 air-conditioned, coach type buses on March 29. The company will augment the Dse neet witn la non-air ford, Conn., and James M. Ghol- -were kid- Union'Luna, the UTW president. Usery, addressing newsmen after 13 straight days of talks! conditioned, coach type buses. son, Alexandria. Va. naped on Thursday. Turkish officials expressed a belief that the threat to execute s u s t a i ne d;the four men was a bluff and Nevertheless, it was "said to! ,bogged down in Congress. The new administration posi-(See JOB, Page A6) Four Dead, Three Injured in Wrecks Traffic accidents claimed four considerable losses until the'had to 1m called to prevent ctherL . T .u n,ur k, .(, k ,vi indV . . , . j hves and injured three persons between the nation's rail car- cial said had slowed to "a'riers and the UTU failed to pro- i.nail's pace" over a thorny is sue of work rules. tne suDsiay m January. TEI started running the school-type buses on August 1. Under the new agreement, American Transit will be guaranteed a profit of five per cent for the first nine months, at which time it will vield an Hugh Ashby, vice-president of eight per cent profit. American Transit, told the) American Transit will furnish council that the special school the equipment, which will be replaced with such incidents, informed sources said. U.S. diplomats were tense but expressed Lome optimism. "We're hoping like crazy,"! j 4irr-l n t saia one. inai s an i con say. . t;Q4 cofrj0 We re hoping. ! morning when their vehicle Ankara was generally quietistnjet a bridge abutment near Salado. Austin Saturday. Jessie James Gray, 38, nf 411 West Walnut in Taylor and! James H. McCluskey, 21, of Ft. noon Saturday when her car collided headon with an auto driven by Delena Leigh Palmer of Austin. DPS spokesmen said the collision occurred 2.2 miles north of Austin in Williamson County on U.S. 183. Mrs. Owens was enroute -to Burnet to visit her son, James duce a settlement, did not Duali ty the recess as a breakdown in;bus operation will continue next eventually Asst. Secretary of Labor W. j. negotiations because, he said ,jfa" on those ,routes that P' uniy oui-ui- pocsei expenses. "The routes that do not cover out-of- pocket expenses will be after Friday's student disor ders, touched off by a police search of Middle East Technical Usery Jr. said "We have an un-hoth sk'es would have stayed at rlerstar.dmg there will not be a -he bargaining table had he so nationwide strike" by the Unit-! requested. ed Transportation Union, but said the union was free to take whatever action it wants to enforce its bargaining position. A union official, Clyde Lane, said any announcement of the But Usery said it was time for each side to re-evaluate its position even though "we are all disappointed" no settlement was forthcoming. Usery said either he or Secre- union's intention to walk off thejtary of Labor James D. Hodg-;ob world have to come fromjson could restart the talks the Cle; eland office of Charles! whenever either saw fit. buses the city will buy - with kidnaP victims- Altgethf 'our the help of federal funds - and:150" meu m Iuns ruuj re' lease back to American Transit readjusted," he said. The special school buses will continue as presently operated through the end of the school year. Conwell Smith, owner of TEI, gave newsmen comment " in bitter tone, following the council! with TEI had a Twin Coach driven from Kent, Ohio, where they! are manufactured, in order for council members to see one of the coaches. The council's action Saturday will not affect TEI's University a brisk Noiof Texas shuttle bus svstem. an obviously TEI has a separate contract the university for the vote that came after three shuttle buses. Alcorn, who is a patient ot the Tha n rp T,mnn.nrpHlAllen Clinic and Hospital there. aa t ihc cv.no i, Tnctino f ! recovering from a back injury. University in the hunt for the. Peace Floyd Campbell Department of Public Safety spokesmen said that the accident occurred 2.1 miles! south of Salado on IH-35 in Bell County. Funerals for the two men were pending at Hearifield Funeral Home in Belton for lated to the kidnaping. Soldiers searching dormitories Saturday, however, found a "huge amount" of explosives, arms and ammunition, police said. Hundreds of students were arrested. Capture of the kidnapers is of crucial political importance to Turkey's pro-Western Justice party government of Premier Suleyman Demirel. ' Injured in the accident were Laura Flynn, 8; Donna Flynn, 5; and a one-year-old girl whose name was being withheld ! pending notification of nest of jkin. The three children were (passengers in the auto driven' I by Mrs. Owens. I Hospital spokesmen listed the rtiilHrpn in "cprinilO' nnniitinn M c CI u s k e y and at Saturd t Brackeiiric,ge May-Crenshaw Funeral Home ini :, T.inwrra Hospital. Funeral services for Mrs. Owens were pending at Taylor for Gray, Mrs. Annie Howington Owens, 59, of 1907 W. 37th, Austin, was killed north of the city about (See WRECKS, Page A6 Policemen and Teenagers: There's a Misunderstanding Weather CENTRAL TEXAS: Fair through Monday. Cool Sunday becoming warmer Sunday night and Monday. Northerly winds 8-18 mph becoming light and variable Sunday and southerly 6-12 mph Monday. Temperature range Saturday, 76-41; expected temperature range Sunday mid 30s-mid 60s. Weather data, Page A6. SUNRISE: 6:51 a.m. SUNSET: 6:34 p.m. Index Amusements SW1-40 Ann Landers B5 At Wit's End Bll Bird World B3 Bridge B8 Camera ...B7 Capitol A BIO Classified ri-15 Crossword Puzzle F9 Deaths A6 Dollars and Sense A12 Editorials B10 Horoscope B3 Inez Says A3 Jeane Dixon H16 Jumble B16 Market B12-11 Radio-TV Logs SWl-34 Sports Cl-8 Weather A6 Associated Press A good many teen-agers may be surprised by a new bit of social research: Policemen think better of teenagers than young people believe the officers do. So there is a misunderstand ing, says Dr. William S. Hanna of Hurst. And Dr. Hanna believes police should let citizens know that they generally think highly of them. Dr. Hanna is a University of Texas-Austin graduate in educational psychology. Dr. Hanna bases his viewpoint on dissertation research recent ly completed. "After studying the research material, I believe that a better image of police might come when policemen convey to adolescents, and citizens in general more positive regard," he said. Dr. Hanna's study was based on data gathered from a sample of 674 high school seniors and 113 police officers and cadets to assess their views of each other. "My research revealed there was a highly significant credi bility gap between what sta dents considered police opinion of them to be and actual opinions expressed by policemen," ho said. The study showed that policemen claimed a much more favorable appraisal of students than students felt they held. According to Dr. Hanna, po licemen had a more accurate idea of student attitudes toward them. They properly assessed the opinion of Anglo and Mexi can-American students but un derestimated the negative feel ings of Negroes. In light of these findings, Dr. Hanna suggests that police agencies supplement their tra ditional request for improved police image" in the community with a planned prosram along the line of "the Golden rule." "There needs to be a reversal in the strategy," Dr. Hanna contends. "Policemen need to stop ask- ing for respect and start giving jmore. The time has come for j policemen to take more of the initiative in selling community members on the idea that po- jlicemen value citizens. Accord ing to the results of my study, policemen have done a poor selling job," he said in an interview. Although Dr. Hanna feels the situation would be improved if policemen would communicate what degree of respect for adolescents they report holding, he does acknowledge the need of deep atutudinal changes on both sides. Dr. Hanna, father or step father of four teen-agers ad' mits "it is the same old story the need for understanding and communication." On the ethnic variable, Dr Hanna said his research shows. "The predominant middle-class Anglo police sample regarded Anglo students most favorably. followed by Mexican-Americao I i i - 'v t . " . Miles: A Question Of Positive Regard i - 'I & c i 4. rofficers would be hired to staff the "storefrontish" trailer. The ;men would be hired from the By MIKE COX Staff Writer Police Chief Boh Miles arpps policemen think better Of!neigr,bornoods where the mobi!e teenagers than the tPPns thinl- lacuuv woula Used, of policemen, a point in the recently completed dissertion research of Dr. William S. Hanna of Hurst. The research was based on the Austin Police Department and a cross-section of Austin teenagers. Dr. Hanna said, "After studying the research material, I believe that a better image of police might come when policemen convey to adolescents, and citizens in general, more positive regard.' According to Miles be used. Miles said. Police would concentrate on areas with high Mexican-American and Negro population. , , "An effort will be made to give people, especially teen-agers, a place to come to complain or discuss things Miles said. Though the Model Cities program has been approved, Miles said work still was underway on funding for the police project. Funding should tbe possible with a 40-60 percent department is aware of thelieuerdl gI,am an a problem of "positive regard" ! w Enforcement and has plans under the Model' Assistance Asency grant Miles Cities program for a mobile saL' community relations trailer!.,,?1;: Hanna also said, which will he used in rtinne f i Policemen need to stop asking the city with high (See POLICE, Page A6) UT S DR. WILLIAM HANNA Says police have done a "poor selling job." concentrations groups. A special of minority contingent of for respect and start tdvine more." "I don't know whether they (See MILES, Page A8) 7 i (

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