The Freeman's Journal from Dublin, Dublin, Ireland on April 27, 1847 · 4
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The Freeman's Journal from Dublin, Dublin, Ireland · 4

Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Issue Date:
Tuesday, April 27, 1847
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From the parish of Oranmore and Ballymacourty, county Gahvay, per the Rev. Timothy Newell, R.C.C. "22dof April, 1847. Number of deaths from 1st of October, 1846 to 1st April, 847 ? 240. "Number of same known to bo occasioned by the famine ? About 200 individuals, men, women, and children, have perished from the effeots of want in this parish. " Number of deaths same period last year ? 20. " The Reverend Gentleman says' Several instances have occurred in this parish of almost all the members of families being carried ofl' from the effeots of famine. I have known some families where five members perished, othera in which three, many in which two. I regret to have to state that fever is now unfortunately superadded to famine and dysentery here, and numbers are Buffering from it. The evil 1b likely to te very much extended and aggravated from the want of alooal fever hospital. 1 know instances of all the members of families being laid siok in lever, and no one to attend them. The food supplied by relief committees Buits not the condition of the Bibk j so the poor wretches are in an awful state of want and misery. I fear that this infection (if it spread; will be the most dreadful ingredient in the viol of God's wrath that is being poured out upon the poor. The new relief act has not as yetcome.into operation here, and the gentry do not seem over solicitous to work it ; whilst, on the other hand, the labour rate aot iB bo far et aside, that very few, comparatively, of the destitute population are deriving any alleviation of their want from it. The land is tolerably well tilled (with the exception of what iB held by the one or two-acre tenants, who had no seed to sow and were not able to procure it. Potatoes have been sown to a greater extent than people expeotsd ; but I am Borry to Bay that the starving poor have in many instances pioked up the seed under the pressure of their hunger. Emigration haB taken plaos to a great extent from this parish, and moBtly of those classes of persons who were the most thriving, industrious, and well behaved in general. As if the cup of misery of the poor were not suffioienly oharged with " gall and vinegar," Bome landlords here are serving their tenants with notices of ejeotment.BO that lest famineshould not kill its victims, extermination by landlords will be added. " ' Want of space does not allow me to say more, and I beg therefore to subscribe myself yours, " ' Timothy Neweii, B.C.C " From the parish of Toomavara. county Tipperary, per Rev. J. Meagher, P.P. "23d April, 1847. "Total number of deaths from 1st October, 1846, to 1st April 1847 ? 50. " Number of same known to be occcasioned by the famine ? 30. " Number of deaths during same period last year ? 20. " The rev. gentleman says ' No resident landlords, no sub-goriction from landlords : the people perishing since the public works ceased i cruel and murdering delay in putting the relief system into operation, in consequence of the inexplicable ana eumbrous queries and crotchets, with books to be filled up- This oriBis, between the putting people off the works, and delaying the relief 'till finance committees and inspectors are satisfied, is the most alarming that has occurred yet ; much land unfilled for want of seed, no landlord assisting emigration was great. " From the Parish of Glare Abbey and fKillone, County Clare, per Hev. Mr. O' Gorman, P. P. "22d April, 1847. "Number of deaths from 1st Ootober, 1846, to 1st April, 1847? 72. " Number of same known to be occasioned by famine ? 36. " Number of deaths during same period last year ? 1 2. " The reverend gentleman Bays ' John M'Namara, of Clare Village, died under heartrending oiroumBtanoes. He was confined to his bed for the last two months rather from debility than any siokness ; every member of his family (eight) were also confined, or rather stretched on damp straw. They had consequently little communication with the neighbours, who 'apprehended contagion. Having no person employed in the public works they had no means of procuring any food unless what was supplied occasionally by one individual, but not in sufficient quantities to sustain them. The poor man died ; hia wife and two children were lying in the same bed with the oorpse Mntil the neighbours, who knew nothing of it for ten hours, oame in and removed them. I brought Mr. O'Brien, M.P., to visit the scene ; it was literally a ' Skibbereen case." Mr. O'Brien did everything to relieve the family under the circumstances." " We have no arrangements to Btay the famine ; on the contrary, all the people, with the exception of a fractional part, are diBemployed. The rations given in outdoor relief is only 1 Jd. for every adult. "You maybe prepared to hear of a hundred cas'ea similar to John M'Namara's in the course of a few months in the parish of Clare Abbey and Killone. "The symptoms of mortality and emaoiating hunger are more alarming now, and during the paBt week, than ever ; but the most murderous rule of all is this, that any man known to have constant employment, even though 'the wages may be the ordinary one of Sd per day, will get no relief lor any member of Ula family, no matter what may be the number. The law makes provision for this description of persons, it entitles them to cheap food. But the relief inspeotor, when remonstrated with, -says that they can get only cooked food, and when re-quted to supply this cooked food, he replies that he has ' no bailer ready ; a poor man in Ballynalligan became insane from "want, and attempted the life of Mb wife ; one fourth of our people are doomed to die of want this year, thousands in every parish Bee nothing hut certain death by starvation haunting them at every step. " From the Parish of donnish and Inniscaltra, Cov.nty Galway, per Rev H. B. Hnleatt, Vicar, and Rev. P. O'Brien, P.P., Clonrush and Iniscaltra. "24tU ADril. 1847. "Number of deaths from 1st Ootober, 1816, to 1st April, 3847 ? 5. " Number of Game occasioned by the famine? 8G. Number of deathB 6ame periods last year? 23. " The rev. gentlemen say' Fathers and sons are interred in the Bame graves at the Bame time ; Borne so exhausted, and dying while a hit of stirabout was preparing for them ; some falling on the public works, carried to their huts by the people, and dying immediately after ; nothing effectual to stay the pro. gress of famine but the 1 oth Vie cap. 7, if fairly carried into operation. " A great deal of land unfilled in the possession of persons who have nothing to put in the soil. "'The prospeots for the coming year are extremely gloomy, numbers having a little capital are fleeing from this slaughter house. "'Some of our parishioners who died were protracting a miserable existence on half d'et ; the rest, carried off by a quick process, became victims in a few days.' ,l From Parish of Menheer, county Kerry, per Rev. John Llong, P.P. Population, 2,500. " 23d April, 1847. "Death from 1st October, 1846, to let April, 1847 ? 180. " Exclusive of children, of whose deaths there was no return kept, but 1 would venture to say there could not he less than 40. "Number of same known to be occasioned by famine? 106. " Adults, exclusive of children, and I would say from their tender age that a higher proportion of them died by famine, " Number of deaths same period last year ? 40. " Adults, besides children. I mean by adults all those who receive the rites of the church in the last sickness. " The reverend gentleman observes: 'Of the number who died by the' famine a whole family, consisting of eight, died almost unknown to the people, as they lived in a remote part of the pariBh. Eight died by the ditches, and four of them were buried without cofiinB three in one day. The present state of the parish is awful, and it is my firm conviction the arrangements now on foot will raiher aggravate than stay the famine, inaBmuoh as that twenty per cent of the limited number on the publio workB are, it is said, to be knocked off on the 24th Instant, and the entire on the first of May ; and I am afraid nay I am certain, from passing events that even the more destitute will not get any relief adequate to that whioh (though miserably poor and scanty) they could purchase for their hire were they continued on the publio work? while by the outdoor relief bill many cottiers having small plots of ground and many small farmers equally destitute, will be precluded from any relief under the new arrangements, so that there is no prospect before them but irremediable despair. As to the extent of land tilled and feeing tilled, those farmers who were able to keep their Beed corn have already tilled, and are tilling more corn than ever they did before ; but the cottiers and small farmers have neither seed nor provisions, and consequently their lands will remain unfilled. There are none aa yet emigrated, Jrom this pariBh, but numbers of the small farmers have given up their holdings either to their landlords or others for some peouniary assistance to take them out of the country, and are preparing themselves. I should mention, of the number who died of hunger I administered the last rites to eight of them in my own house, seven of whom died shortly after. Perhaps I ought also acquaint you that before the famine my parishioners were honest, exemplary, and religious. I am sorry to Bay now that theft and robbery and nightiy burglary are commencing to appear among them, and of oourse the dismissal of the poor from the publio works will increase these dreadful crimes. The outdoor relief cannot be in operation in this parish for five weeks.' "Parish of Clanheen, county of Tipperary, per Rev. Wm. Morris, P.P., Bomsoleigh. "April 26th, 1847. "Number of deaths from Ootober Ut, 1846, to 1st of April, 1847 ? 100. ... I Adults seep uu rogisiry oi onuaren. "I oannot say how many died from aotual famine. I would be inclined to say sot one j but I am quite oertain diseases whioh led to death had, in most oa6es, their origin in insufficient and unwholesome food and exposure to the cold and rain during the winter on the publio works.- " Number of deaths for the same period last year? 25. " The reverend gentleman observes' Fever and dysentery are on the increase with us. The people wretchedly poor, and from the necessity that exists of converting all that can be earned into food all the other oomforts of families are neglected. People not able to come toohapelon Sunday to consequence of their olothea being worn out and no means of renewing them. Under the labouraot and the temporary relief act the people will be Baved from starvation during the summer, but there are a great many requisites neoessary lor the poor besides food. Ihe land in general is cultivated in this parish. A good deal of oorn put down. Very little potato planting. A greater number leaving for America than been remembered for many years." " From St. Mary's, Athlone, county Westmeath, per the Rev. K. Kilroe, P.P. . "Total number of deaths from 1st Ootober, 1846, to lstApril, 1847? 122. " Number of same known to be occasioned by famine ? 25, " Total number of deaths same neriod last vear ? 56. " The reverend gentleman observes From theoircumstancc of the workhouBe being in this parish, the number of deaths recorded is considerably less than we should otherwise have to report. Many from this parish, when in the lowest state of ex-haustion from famine or disease, were admitted and there died in a few days. The number that died in that establishment, which at no time contained more than 800, amounts to 405 from let Ootober, 1846, to lBt April, 1847. '"It frequently ocourred that persons dropped down dead on the streets, or on tha roadB, returning from the publio works, as the people emphatically express it, 'dropped from their stanA-ing, or stanhing.' Fever and diorhoea are making frightful ravages i labourers employed on the publio workshave been nearly all dismissed ; they are in a starving Btate. we try to relieve them from the remnant of our former contributions. There ia no hope of the relief aot (so complex is its maohinery) ooming into operation for three weeks to come. The land is generally tilled and cropped the exceptions are but few. Several have emigrated, vie., small farmers, and the sons and daughters of personB in middling oircumstances.' "' From Liselton, Listowel, county Kerry,per Rev, James Walsh, P.P. . , "Total number of deathofrom ietof October, 1846, to 1st of April, 1847 ? 120. "No. of same known to be occasioned iy famine? Would say 80. " Total No. of deaths same period last year ? 25, " The reverend gentleman says' OS the day before yesterday we had three bodies interred without coffins ; all died of perfeot starvation. There are about 74 acres of land at present tilled, some more in progress, and a great portion left idle for want of seed. "From the Parish of Mullakeran, , County Cavan, per Rev, Phillip O'Reilly, P.P. " Total number of deaths from 1st October, 1846, to lstApril, 1847? 225., "Number of same known to be occasioned by famine? 164. " Total number of deaths for the same period last year ? 42. " The rev. gentleman says ' The husbaid, wife, and three ohildren, all dying at the Bame time when I visited them all dead : the mother in another case iust breathine her last, 'and her ohild three months old died while attempting to take nour-! isnment trom the breast of the mother ; many oases equally revolting : the pariah extensive,; population dense, destitution commensurate, no local subscriptions, no gentry, the- small farmers on the public works oonid not sow their lands ; a total negleot on the part of the cottiers in cropping their , gardens! their prospects for the ensuing year truly melancholy; .few isolated cases of emieration. " From the Parish of Lorha and Dorrow, Barony of luower Urmond, and County Upperary, per the Rev. CorneUus O'Brien, P.P. " Total number of deaths from lat Ootober, 1846, to let April, 1847 ? 143. " Number of same known to be occasioned by famine ? l DO. " Total number of deaths same period prior year ? About 40. " The Bev, Mr. O'Brien observes' On yesterday, my asBiBt. ant, Eev. Mr. Cleary, on visiting a townland, and hearing of a man being ill, and having been shown the house, he called at the door, and a little child, after some time, opened the door. He then asked Where thefather was? He is sick, .bit.' He asked, ' where is your mother ?' She is Bick, Bir.' ' Where are your brothers ?' ' They are all dead, Bir, and one ia now dead in the corner ' This unhappy family consisted of seven on last week; now they are only three ; and attne'tiine I write, per. haps not two. The land ia partially tilled. If the Publio Works be stopped the 1 at May, this parish will be another Sklb. bereen. A great number have emigrated. It has been said Lord John Russell is no friend to emigration ; but we can dony that ; since his legislation ia causing them hourly to emi. grate to a land, from whose boundaries no traveller has yet returned, "lorha, Sunday Morning, April 25. " Sib I will feel most happy in supplying the association with the information required, monthly, " Exouse this, as I write in great haste. "Youra, &o.) "C. b'BKIEif." " Killeedy, County Limerick, per Henry Fitzgibbon, P.P. " Sin I have kept no registry of ttfe deaths in my parish. It is therefore altogether impossible that I could furnish the information required, I have at the same time td say that the number of deaths has very mnoh increased this year, not ad muoh arising from the want of the usual food, but from the want of meanB to purchase food according to the demand for it. As the new system of relief iB likely to be in operation in about ten days we cannot expeot an addition to the average mortality of past weeks. The small farmers are not tilling the land save In few instances, having no capital for seed or support while tilling it and consequently all that can provide the means by selling out their email holdings are emigrating to Amerioa.' " From the parishes of Kilchrist and Clondegad, county of Cbkrh, per the Eev. Timothy Breen, P P. " Total number of deaths from this parish, from the 1st of Ootober, 1846, to lstof April, 1847 ? 352. " Number of aame who died destitute of any kind of food? 20. "Number known to have died of insufficiency of food, fever, dyeentery, &c, arising from same ? 176. " Total number of deaths from 1st of Ootober, 1845, to lstof April, 1846? 65. "The reverend gentleman observes ' Bev. Mr. Hanhon attended a poor man, who lay sick in his bed for over two months, living On water merely whitened with a little meal. The scanty support derived to the family from the wages of one female, his substitute in the employment, allowing him no better nourishment. Another poor man, who, induoed by our earnest advice in publio, left the works for the purpose of tilling his land, on finding after a few days that by the reduction of labourers on the works hia name was struck off the liBts by the returning effioer, and seeing that all his resources were then exhausted took to his Bed in despair, and got out of his mind, so that when Mr. Hannon was called on to prepare him, his only replies to him were blasphemies and cursea. ThiB poor man Btill lingers in the aame deplorable oondition. In fact, inBtances of a similar nature to these are numerous' " The new relief act for the gratuitous distribution of food is brought into operation in these parishes for the last three weeks ; but the support is so scanty, and the unwillingness of the committee to extend Ita operation to many through fear of increasing taxation is so greatthe striot vigilance of the finance committee is so scrutinising that very many are only trying to protract a miserable existence on one meal a day. Add to thia the delays accompanying the compliance with prescribed forms, especially where there are no funds of any kind arising from either subscriptions or donations. " With the exception of two small proprietors, who employ perhapa an aggregate of about aixty persona, all the others are absentees ! and of these some are embarrassed, others minors, so that subscriptions were in vain sought for; and as the great mass of the people are all of the one class there is rot the least chance of casual employment amongst the farmers. Judge, then, of the grievance of collecting the whole of these famished wretoheB every day round the food depot for the purpose of reoeiving each his miserable pound of meal. Many have entreated to be left at home in order that by remaining in bed they may be enabled the better to endure hunger. " One instance will suffice to show the wretohed poverty of the people. The houses of worship in both parishes are two wretohed thatohed hovels, which were almoBt entirely stripped by the stormB of last December and January. A subscription waB attempted to be raised in both parishea for the purpose of repairing the ravages of the Btorm, and although the poor people are naturally religious, yet after every poBBible exertion the sum total received for the pur- poBes up to the present moment ia only 31. 4b. This sum only partially repaired one chapel, the other still remains a wreok. ihe poverty of the people, on whom the nriest de pends for his Bnpport, has left him unable to ward off the rains of heaven from his poor flock while they prostrate tnemseives m prayer during the celebration oe the most tre mendous mysteries. " In compliance with our earnest exhortations and advice the poor people tilled almost all the land fitted for wheat before the 1st ot January, and as four-fifths and more of the soil of the pariBhes is not Buited to the production of wheat tney were vigorously proceeding with the culture of oats, Daney, so., up to ine Deginnmg of April, when the vast numbers thrown out of employment by the reduction of the labourers on the works entirely paralyzed their energies by throwing them on their own resources. Many were afterwards obliged to consume the seed they had reserved, so that now taking the mountain districts of the parishea more than a inirci ot tne avaiiaDie sou will remain unfilled, or in other words, about a fourth of the soil of the entire oarinhes. Stafford O'Brien, Esq., and Mr. Staokpoole, of Cragbrien, have taken care that not a perch of land on their properties Buiwi icuumii uuiuieu. vmer proprietors nave oaerea Been, but on such security that their offer is Generally unavailing Colonel Windham'e property in his own immediate possession is unhappily very limited here it is oonfined to Deer Island, uut no part oi ueer jtBiana is suffered to remain a waste, " The last named gentleman has fitted out a sMd in the Shannon, and ia prepared to enable any of Mb tenantry tn emigrate entirely at hia own expense. Two numerous familieB of Deer Island are availing themselves hiB bounty. All the other tenantB are too comfortable to require voluntary exile Through the rest of the parishes at least a fourth of tho smnll cottiera would be anxious to emigrate, but they have not the means. Only those who have some interest in their farms and a share of stock can muster the necesaary supplies by the sale of ail luou eueutt. "And even that interest is daily diminishing in value, from the number of small holdings offered for sale, and the decreasing anxiety for the purchase of land. In faot numbers are now entreating their landlords to take their lands off their hands, in order that they may be entitled to rations whioh are withheld beoausethoy possess some land, with no other resources. Some, thing about thirty families are either gone, or are preparing to go, from these pariahes ; but 'tie melanoholy to have to add, that these generally are the moBt industrious, the moat healthy, often the most comfortable, and the best oonduoted among their neighbours I What will beoome of the mass of destitution and infirmity they leave Demna ? Sir, I have to move that that affeoting document be inserted on the minutes, and that the warmest thanks of the association be given to those who have enabled ua to place it before the oountry. I do hope that the government will at once consider the fearfully important matter to whioh it relates. Those returns are from the moat authentic and unimpeachable authorities, and if the government was ready to take up the reports from their guinea a day men sent to insult the Catholic clergy, I trust they will pay the Irish priests the poor compliment of attending to their reports. If the government do not look to these things at onoe, as sure as any supporter of theirs presents himself on any hustings in thia oountry at the next election, so eure will he be taunted with their criminal remissness (cheers). And I warn the government against allowing any of their supporters to go to the hustings with this mass of fearful evldenoe against them unless they at once take prompt and comprehensive steps to mitigate the sufferings of the people. Their measures are most inadequate, and in conse quence, the people are perishing in all directions, and we shall have the oountry one scene of pestilence and death if something be not done at once to remedy the evil. Sir, the government enould consider the matter in time thev have not a moment to lose. It ia my impression that even if the present harvest be good, before itoan be made available for the support of the people, millions will have perished, and how much worse will we be if the harvest ohanoe to be bad. I say, Sir, if something be not done, I see nothing before the oountry but an entire cessation of the rights of property, utter confusion, and bloodshed. I repeat, therefore, that the government should lose no time THE FREEMAN'S JOURNAL, I see by the newspapers, and particularly, Sir, in trie oounty whioh you represent, and whioh I have also the honour of being connected with, I mean Kilkenny, that the potato as heretofore planted is beginning to promise a good crop. It is stated, in consequence, that the cultivation of the potato is likely to be again attempted in this country, I fear that the success of the orop will be most precarious, and that the experiment will be a haeardous one for the poor man to make. But if the potato be restored so aa to fliippiy food throughout the country, that is a subject well-worthy of oonBideration. If the potato do re.appear, and come into general consumption, depend on it the landlords and government, who have been bo profuse of empty words expressive of sympathy for the sufferingB of our people, will be content to allow the whole sooial state of society in this conntry to relapse into its ordinary ooiiaition without effecting anj real measurea of permanent relief to raise the condition of the people, and plaoe them above the danger of a recurrence of the destitution and pestilence which now so unfortunately exist (hear, hear). The sooial state of Ireland ought to be re-constructed; the relations between landlords and tenants should be looked to at once and ameliorated permanently and sffenHunlv ameliorated (hear; hear). The landlord should be deprived of the power of Hoping mo iniseraDie tenantry down to the wretohed potato as the only article of food upon whioh he should subsist. The landlords Bhould be deprived of the power of draining from their tenants every shilling' of profit which they derived from, their holdings, leaving them nothing but the potato to support them ; that power should be restricted. We call on the ministry to take suoh ateps as will prevent this country from falling baok into tho state in which it was sunk previous' to the commencement of the famine. But whnt iB doing ? Plsnty of complaints are pouring in from every part of the countryfrom the newsoaDers. Oranae and Green, as well as those of no colour at all, such as the Whig papers, which ought, I think, to be styled the Bed, from the blood which Whig policy has caused to flow (oheera) accounts bearine testimony to the miserable inefficiency of the measures adopted for the relief of the existing distress; and yet no party is ooming forward to say what is to be done, what course ought to be adopted to oheck the pressing evil (hear, hear). The voice of the country has riot been raised to Dress on the government and parliament the necessity of immediately setting about the consideration of measures calculated to relieve the distress arid permanently to improve the condition of Ireland (hear). We have, to be Bure, an emigration scheme put forward by the landlords of Ireland. A letter has been addressed to me in the publio papers by a gentleman whose merits are great, and whom I should be sorry to see committing himself with ao paltry, so delusive nay, in some manner, bo insulting a proposition as that whioh has for its object the driving out of thia country a large mass of the population. Mr. Monsell is a gentleman of the very highest respectably lity indeed it is needless for me to aay so in the enjoyment of large possessions, and moat highly regarded in the neighbourhood in whioh he resides, and whose sincerity of good Intentions towards the people of Ireland there cannot be the least room to doubt (hear, hear, and cheers). He has not yet joined Ub in this hall he has not yet called out for the right of Ireland to make laws for herself j but of this I am sure and I judge bf him by his acts that he has the heart of an Irishman that he is thoroughly Irish in f eeling and sentiment and that little ihore is wanted to make him come forward and join with us in our glorious struggle for the restoration of bur country (loud oheering). I therefore aoquit him of any participation in tETe foul intentions of this emigration soheme (hear, hear). He has been deluded by the flattering promises held outj that some substantial good would emanate from it. I give him my answer from this hall, and iu doing so, I but express the opinions of the Bight Rev. Dootora Maginn and Feeny (hear, hear, and cheers). I tell him he will Bee in the statements of these right reverend and illustrious prelates the true sentiments of the people of Ireland with regard to that scheme that most diabolical, inhuman, and unchristian scheme a soheme propounded by certain landlords for the purpose of enabling them to dear their estates (hear, hear). The name of my cousin is to the emigration dooument ; but I believe it is not neoessarv for me to acquit him of any design inimical to the people of Ireland (oheers). He has been deceived and da2zled, as ethers have been. He allowed himself to be deceived in assobiating himself with one man; with whom he ought to have been more cautious of identifying himself. I refer to Mr. Gregory, the member ror lfuDlin. was there ever anything so unwise, even for their own purpose, as to have Mr. Gregory's name appended to that dooument, if they suppesed it would be taken as a token of good will and good intentions to the people of Ireland (hear, hear) ? The name of Gregory is associated with some of the darkest names in the caBtle of Dublin. The grandfather of this gentleman 1 am sorry to allude to the name at all, as the newspapers have just announced the death of his estimable father, who lost his life while attending to the distress of the people. Hia memory is en titled to the deep respect of the Irish. He has perished, as some other members of the established church have perished, in their self-devotion ; and one of the latest of these viotims has been the Bev. Dr. Traill of Schull, one of the pestilential districts. That reverend gentleman fell a victim to fever, oaught in the disobarge of his humane duties (hear). I am sorry I have to allude to the oaae of young Gregory at present at the very moment that his father's death appears in the papers ; but it is absolutely neoessary to do so lest there should be any delusion in the publio mind The young Gregory is following the course of his grandfather rather than of hia lamented father ; and he has shown, since he went into parliament a very determined leal for the interest of Protestant ascendancy, and against everything for the wel fare of the Irish people (hear, hear), Thia gentleman has originated and carried through the house, the olause in the new poor law bill, called the exterminating clause, which refuses relief to any man who holds above a quarter acre of land the clause whioh enables a landlord to get rid of small farmers, aud covering the land with bullocks instead of human beings (hear). When, therefore, we have Gregory, of the exterminating olause at the head of this scheme, it ia damned from the very outset (oheors). I tell Mr. Monsell, of Tervoe so long as Mr. Gregory's name is appended to this document, that circumstance is quite enough to convince ub that this document waB not drawn up with good intentions to the people of Ireland (hear), The third name is the name of Mr. Godley. He ia e strong Conservative, and, if we are to judge from some talented publication of his Borne years ago, avery strong and a nigottea antt rapist (near, near), l do not impute to mr. uodley bad intentions in assisting to draw up this plan. He is not so notorious as Gregory in opposition to the peo ple on the contrary, he has sometimes shown some good will towards the Irish people. But in religion he is a strong anti-Catholic, and coupling his anti- Catholic with Gregory's aati popular feeling, the two names alone would be sufficient to damn the projeot (hear, hear, and oheers). What does Mr. Monsell say to me ? He writes a very admirable and clever letter, and says that one of the objects of the emigration scheme ia to supply the CatholicB with an ample endowment of their church in another country Now the Catholics and their respected fiergy do not want, and will not acoept such endowment (pear, hear). The bond of affection is so strong between the Gatholics and their clergy, that they never will consent tp weaken it by allowing any Btate bonds to be drawn about them (cheers). He tells us that we ought to adopt the schemejand altow the Irish nation to follow one of the highest vocations of a great people to extend their race oyer remote regipns,and spread civilization (hear). Now if I did not know the ami able sentiments that are in the breast of Mr. Monsell, I should be almost tempted to acouse him ot a desire to insult our misery (hear). At what time is it that a nation na- naturally attempts to colonize ? It is only when the parent country is rioh, nappy, and prosperous, that the overplus of the population extend their race, and seek their fortune in another dime (hear, hear). But here Mr. Monsell seeks to draw a parable between a rich and a settled country, throwing off the surplus of its young and ardent spirits, to seek fortune in another clime, and this impoverished, wretohed, and exhausted country, with no resource, but to see the few remaining strong men in the land the last remnant of its capitalists seeking a home in a foreign !and,-and leaving a poor and exhausted population (hear, hear). Sir, Mr. Monsell should come here and assist us first, in restoring prosperity to this the parent country, and aB soon as that glorious end is attained, we will be ready to assist him in his emigration soheme in his attempt to people a distant clime with the population of Ireland. The landlords of Ireland, Mr. Monsell says, ought to be anxious for it ; for " they had in their neighbourhood a dense and miserable population." But I ask Mr. Monsell whose fault is it that the landlords of Ireland have in their neigh bourhood a dense and miserable population ? It ia the fault of the landlords who deny the people security in their holdings it is the fault of the landlords, who, by their rack-rents deny the people the fruition of the Drofits of their labourit is the fault of the landlords who grind the people down to the earth, by extorting every penny they oan possibly obtain from them, and then evicting them when thev are unable to produoe them more. Tes, it is the fault of the landlords, that that dense and miserable population of which Mr. Monsell speaks so emphatically ia to be found orowding their estates. Then, I say, let not Mr. MonBell address himself to ub let him addresa himself to the landlords who have occasioned suoh a state of things, but who will surely have to make reparation for the crime. And as soon as we can see the people in the neighbourhood of those exterminating landlords happy and comfortable holding their land oh a seoure tenure, and at a fair rent, then, and not until then, can ne expeot us to help him in his omigra tion soheme (loud cheers). He speaks of the people, and uses the quotation " the world is no friend of theirs, nor the world's law." He Is wrong there. The law that is not friendly to the people of Ireland is the law made by the Eng. glish parliament, and it is not the law of the world that ia againBt them, but the law of England, supported by the tyrant landlords (cheers). The law would be friendly to the people would redress their wrongs, establish their rights, aud give them the means of living in the land, of which they are sons, if they had their own parliament to make their laws (oheers). I again say to Mr. Godley, that before he comes TCJESDAY, APftlL 2f lt to ask us to assist him in working out his proposition, he must assist uo to restore the parliament which will never make a bad law for the people (oheers). See how powerfully some of our right rev. prelates have replied to this emigration soheme. I will read an extraot or two from their letters, which cannot he considered an intrusion on the association, though many of you may have aflen them before, The Bight Reverend Doctor IVtaginn, of D'ei'rj', Bays in writing to the parties whose names are to the do--oument:" Ton, gentlemen; propose a plan and prinoiple for my adhesion. Petimus damusljui Ubisiim. You oan have no objection to mj submitting for youf adlleslori another plan, conceived in my mind, to be based on muoh iridro' Impartial, comprehensive, and equitable' principles. I, therefore, submit to your considerate attention the transportation of the oriminals, whoever they may be, poor or rich ; transport, if you will, the whole Irish Catholic peasantry, if they be the guilty party ! If tiny be not the guilty, but the proprietors of the aoil who robbed them' arid pillrtged them for centuries who forced them to make double quantities of brick, and would not allow, them even a wisp of straw who reduced them to a condition a thousand times worse than that of the negro slave who made the lot of the Israelite under the Egyptian Pbaroah enviable who, not satisfied with oppressing them,-;defamfld them imputed the poverty and ighorarice, which they themselves created, to their miserable viotims employed a hireling insult on injury, to calumniate them, that they :might trample on them with : impunity who heard their ' wailing and were unmoved looked on their agony without ! remorse or pity, but rather gloated over the writhings of them they rnoked and' tortured ; why, of course, as friends 'to .distributive justice, not transport them, the taskmasters, to Canada, and let them enjoy the good things you have provided for the innocent poor on the banks of the St. Lawrencs ? Lest you should oonsider me partial in advising this in my mind equitable course, the case between the Irish peasantry and their peers I will, submit to any English jury, or to a jury composed of men of every or any nation, and will bow with resignation to their verdict on this subject, even should I myself be among the first of the exiles-j-You ask the government for nine millions to transport fifteen hundred thousand Catholics to Canada to reclaim there the waste lands. If it be a love of, or a sympathy for our Irish peasantry, why not give up to them the waste' lands of Ireland, and ask the government for these nine millions to help to reclaim them ? The government proposed to reclaim the waste lands, and employ and plaoe on them what you call the superabundant population. Where are the petitions of your committee in favour of that important and beneficent measure ? Where your disinterestedness, telling the government to take these waste lands of yours and so employ the surplus on them ? No; the very proposal of this measure struok the greater part of your committee with horror. To think of the like was, forsooth, an invasion of the rights of property even to think of suoh a benevolent sobeme of providing for the people 1 It was shocking even to imagine that the serf by these means would be converted into a substantial yeoman, or that he should have liberty to exist independently of the Irish proprietor, Employ the Catholic peasant any where, say you, but not in Ireland, Join us in removing the carrion people irom Deforo our eyes beyond the seas; or anywhere, that we may iorget the misery we created, and banish the apprehension of retributive justice, which God always reserves for the tvrants and oppressors of the people through the instrumentality of the oppressed. The murderers would wish to hide their viotims lest their mangled frames should rise in judgment against them.'' And the Right Rev. Dr. Feeny, Bishop of Eillala, says : my opinion is, that emigration would not afford any permanent remedy to the disastrous state of Ireland. It would abstract a very considerable portion of its capital, it would take away from Ireland its bone and sinew, and would leave nothing behind but a huge inert mass of wretohed infirm paupers, incapable of cultivating the soil, or of any enter prise oaloulated to infuse new vigor into the debilited frame ot Irish, society, fit sab eots only, for absorbing, in work- nouses, and in lever hospitals, the remainder of the capital of the oountry. Look to the enormous exnenae reouired ror translating aucn a colony where will you procure it I mi' you couia succeed in ootaining it, how will vou be able to repay it, along with the heavy and enormous taxes td which your property and that of the oountry iB already subject, and with whioh it is most probable it will be more heavily assessed t Will not, the tide of population, whioh is now bo faBt ebbing, after a few years, begin to flow as high as ever, and thus bring back the same evils, to whioh you are now endeavouring to apply a remedy, or rather a palliative. Muoh better then would it be for you to endeavour to prevail on the government to relinquish its obstinate adherence to the desolating system of politioal emonomy, and with united exertions to abet the efforts of the government to pass gooa ana wen digested laws tor the reclamation of waste lands, for establishing on equitable terms the relations between landlords and tenants, and to suggest to them the propriety of applying the redundant revenues of the Irish establishment to purposes more useful and national than those to which they are at present applied. There ia ample room in Ireland for all its population, and ample resources within it, if developed, to absorb the superfluous labour of the oountnj', and make it conducive to the social and politioal regeneration of Ireland." I must say that the harsh terms used, ahifdese'rvedly used, by the Right Rev. Dr. Maginn, do not apply to suoh men as Mr. Monaell, who is a sinoere friend to the people ; but they do apply to the great bulk of those who encourage and support the emigration scheme the esterminatuig landlords of Ireland, who have caused the greater part of the misery under whioh the people of Ireland are suffering (hear, hear). The Right Rev. Dr. Feeny alludes to the taxation on the oountry. The landlords ask the government to give nine millions of money to transport the people out of their way, that they may have room for sheep and oxen on the land ; find they say the money win Da repaid. How. Is it out of their own pockets I No, but they call for a tax on the whole inoome of the country (hear, hear). They want to have a tax laid upon the inoomes of professional men, and man in business. If anything were wanting utterly to break down the struugling business classes, it is the income tax the landlords call for. Let that tax be imposed, and the people in business will be exposed to every species of arrogance, and also to much injustice. They will have income commisMoners going into their shops, prying into their concerns, malting them swear to the amount of their profits, and yet, perhaps, taxing them more from their own fancy, than in accordance with the statement made to them ; they will expose the trades nan's concerns to the prying eyes of inquisitive neighbours, and refuse to him justice. In fact such a tax would grind the struggling business class to the earth (hear, hear), Now, the injustice of the tax ia this, the man who makes a precarious inoome by professional pursuits or business, who has on the profits of either to support a large family, will have to pay fully as high in proportion as the man who haB a landed estate, and who will leave a permanent property to bis ohildren. The man who has 3001. a year in land will pay a certain per centage on it, and if he died to-morrow he would not leave his ohildren destitute, for this estate would go to them ; but in the caae of the professional man, or the man in business, making 3001. a year, one year with another, he w ill have to' pay aa high in proportion aa the eatated man, though if he died his profession or business died with him, and he left his wife and children in beggary. That is the income tax the landlords oronose. They would put a small tax on their own property ond a neavy tax on trie struggling professional man and on the struggling man in business. It is a.most unjust and iniquitous proposition, and suoh a tax would prove most disastrous. But the proposition has been caught up by the English papers. The Morning Chronicle is delighted with it. Of course it is; the plan holds out the prospect of another safeguard for England of another immunity to . England after having plundered us for the last forty-seven years. The Morning Chronicle knows well how we have been plundered. It knows well that we have been plundered of many millions of money, and that if twenty or thirty millions were given back to Ireland, now it would be only restitution money. Even though that sum were giveu back it .would not be all that is due to this country by England. .It' is believed that the poor law and a property tax for Jreiand would save the pocket of England; and I fear that the advice of those who wish to subject Ireland to heavy taxation, which will give no real relief, will be attended to. MrSJonsell goes on to predict that the poor rates will not be wm to be borne that the population must be removed by emigration because tbe rates will not be sufficient to support them. I quite agree with him in that ; but I say that the emigration of our ) eomanry who have yet some small portion of capital, instead of lessening the burden will increase it, for we will lose so many who would otherwise be obliged to pay the rates. The Evening Post has ably followed up the subjeot to whioh I alluded last week in a recent article, calling on the government to look to the additional taxation falling on tbe people by rates. I stated last week that the additional taxation which would fall upon the ratepayers at the next summer levy would amount to 300,0001. (as we understood the honourable gentleman) Again I ask, in Heaven's name, where does the government expeot that all this money !b to come from ? Even the ordinary rates of last year oould not possibly be paid at present, so great is the poverty of the country The collectors are in arrears universally; and yet we are to have 300,0001. additional thrown npon the rate-payers at the Spring levy alone. The government is mad if it allows things to go .or , in this way l agra9 entire, with Mr. Monsell. and indeed that is the only portion of his letter in which I concur-that it will be impossible to collect these rates (hear hear). He says he won't investigate into the oauaes of the diatreaa and misery of our peasantry. I think this is the most unworthy part of his letterI don't say that he ia guilty of any deliberate ill-will towards the people-on the contrary, I believe he is most anxious to promote their welfare ; but I do say that to a man of his talent and education there could be no more fitting occupation at this crisis, than a close, and attentive, and a aearoh- .uB .s .uio tne causes that have led to this Ujiseiuuie. uunuiLion Oi our nennln. fnH. i..i,.. ! investigation would be uno.m,: f w,.-JL J ,)ifflnlf t ii ; ... 1 j mu u.. .u uumug our, wnat these causes are. We- have pointed them out a thousand times in this Hall. The, only don't see them, h"b don't choose to coufesa them ; bflf I defy any man to' put hia hand to his heart and say with sincerity that he does not) see patent and undeniable, tho real oausea of the distress of (She country ("hear. hear). Mr. Monsell says that he will not stop to inquire into them. Why should he not do so? That is the only means of coming at the real remedy of the evils with whioh Ireland is afflicted. ThoBe evils may be well summed up in a few words they reBult from the want of our homo parliament for the people (cheers). Now, let Mr. Monsell follow me as oloselv as he likes, and see if there is any insufficient link in the chain of reasoning by whioh I traoe the misery of tbe country to a want of a domestic parliament, ine distress of the people is caused by their not having any other means 6i support besides the land. They are, therefore, oonuregated iff an'oh a multitude on tbe land that they are obliged to bid one against another, at an auotion, aa it wire, for holding each spot of vacant ground. The landlord's cupidity is thereby excited, and accordingly at these auctions', if I may call them so, the landlord accepts the most extravagant offer, and lets his land to the highest bidder. The tenant being in tho landlord's power was obliged to give up every portion of that whioh ought to have been profit, to meet hia exorbitant rent. Under these ciroum stances the tenant had not the means of obtaining a proper subsistence, and thus, by the enpidity of hia landlord, he was driven down to the lowest article of food, and the worst speoiOB of that article the lumper potato because it was the cheapest and the most easily obtained (bear). Had manufactures existed in the oountry, the poor man not finding a holding on reasonable terms, would have snapped his fingers in the face of the tyrant landlord, and said " If you don't deal fairly and honestly by me if you don't deal by me, as man ought to deal by man if you have no human charity in your breast, but the heart of a ravenous tiger, seeking to drink my blood and the blood ot my wretched family, I won't have your land, I will go into the manufacturing districts ; get abundant labour at good wages, and support my family in apite of jou" (cheera). Why are there not manufactures in this county ? Because the rich Customers of the county have gone out of it, and annually draw awav ais millions of its capital. Because an aliec parliament, and a British government, draw away every penny of surplus revenue from the country, over and above the trifling portion spent on the small establishments of the government here. The loss of that money which ought to be circulating throughout the country and the loss of the rich customers by absenteeism, have caused tbe destruction of a home market for our manufactures. It has oaused our manufactories to be closed it has thrown our artisans out of employment it has prevented our surplus agricultural population from finding employment in manufacturing pursuits. Why, what has caused all this ? what has encouraged our rich proprietors to go away what has caused these exhausting drains of money from the country, but the want of that parliament which would make those men stny at home and do their duty, which would keep the money of Ireland circulating through the country, making employment profitable, and enterprise remunerative. What, I repeat, has caused the miseries with which Ireland ia afflicted, but the want of our native parliament in Dublin (cheers). Will Mr. Monsell deny any part of my reasoning ? Will he deny that an Irish parliament would keep tbe money of Ireland at home, and bring baok the rich absentees i Does he not know that if we had an Irian parliament sitting in College green the absentees would come back in order to look after their own interests ? Does he not know that during tbe interval of the recess of parliament, when there was no parliamentary duty to be performed, the members would reside amongst their constituents, and endeavour, by consulting their interests, to obtain their good will, and thus ensure their own return to parliament at the next ebotion (hear, hear). Does he not know that if the six millions of money which is abstracted from the country by absentees were left here it would circulate throughout every part of the island like new blood, Does he not know that if this money were left in Ireland it would confet inoalcu lable benefits on the people for the tendency of oapital is to invest itself with the view of profit. If we had a proper state of things in Ireland if we had the power of governing ourselves the tenant would not be as he is now, in-tirely dependant for the means of subsistence on land. The tenant would have other means of living beBides land. -Agri. culture would improve. The wan s of the peopld engaged in manufactures would create a demand for agricultural produoe. We should have the manufacturing popula tion happy and ooatented. We should have the agricul tnral population happy and prosperous, and we should have the gentry friends with tbe people (cheers). Tbe gentry would then have their rents regularly paid, and peace and contentment would reign throughout the land. I oall, then, on Mr. Monsell, to join us in our endeavours to bring back to Ireland ber parliament, which alone can restore permanent prosperity to the oountry (bear, hear). I don't know, sir, that I have anything more to notice in the letter of Mr. Monsell. I trustone oannot always measure his expressions when speaking in public that nothing has dropped from me in the slightest measure disrespectful to him (hear, hear). I should be sorry that I, in any way, offended him ; for, among his clasB, whioh is not over favourable to ihe people, there is not one, I believe, more devoted to the. interests of Irel nd. I do believe that hia adoption of the emigration soheme is, like that of my cousin, an entire m: stake (hear). I do believe, that he will be among the first, when he has had more opportunity of mixing amonp his countrymen, to lead on the people to their legislative rights. But I call on him as he values his own character ; and as he feels for the frightful sufferings of bis fellow countrymen, to trample under foot the miserable frauds put forward by tbe exterminators to cover their past cruelties, and also to oover their future cruelties. A great many pet schemes may bo put forward to serve Ireland; but they will bitterly disappoint those who place faith in them, and Mr. Monsell will find at last that there is no hope for Ireland, but in a native parliament (cheers). I have now but a few words more to say, and I request attention to tbem not here alone, but throughout the country. I ask what answer the country will give to Lord John Russell's query what is to be done ? When the noble lord brought forward his miserably deficient schemes of relief for Ireland, be turned round to such of the Irish members as were present, and asked if the measures would not give satisfaction, what we would propose? Why, Sir, auoh of us as were present declared that Repeal would be theobly great remedy (tremendous cheers). But many good steps may be taken in the mean time steps in which men of every shade of party, and of every creed may concur steps whioh may meet the approval of all olassea. Throughout tbe oountry there is one common cry of distressthe most gloomy anticipations are entertained for tbe welfare of Ireland, but in n case is it said let us come together, and take council for the good of the people (hear, hear). Why, if there were not English acts of par liamentin the way, the oountry ought to send up its representatives to Dublin (loud cries of hear, hear), But there is one thing in the power of the constituencies to do, and the approaobing elections will enable tbem to use the power whioh they possess more efficiently, if they think proper, towards the end which I will mention. The constituenciea oan say to their representatives " You have tried what oould be done in the English parliament for Ireland, to little or no effeot come back and meet in Dublin aa a council of national distress" (loud ohe6rs). Why should we not have such a council ? There is no law that I can see against it. The representatives of the Irish people could come baok here, and reoeive letters from every part of Ireland, and oral testimony from clergymen and other persons of station who might oome up to town (hear, hear"). If auoh a council was formed here, the members might go over to parliament as a united Irish party, not like the present miserable Irish Party (hisses). Even before the close of the present session, the oounc 1 which I speak of mieht go over to England, and the English people might then be taught that publio opinion inlreland was of some consequence. There might be an interposition by a dissolution of parliament. You can meet that. Let your constituencies resolve and let the non-electors call upon the constituencies to make the resolution that no man, be he a Whig in a Whig constituency be he Tory m a Tory constituency be a Conciliation Hall Repealer in a Repeal oonstituenoy, shall be returned, no matter what his other professions, if he do not pledge himself to attend a council of national distress in Dublin (oheers). They might attend here. The cries of the Irish people as conveyed by letter or newspaper, is too feeble to cross the English channel with muoh effect. If the Irish members meet here preparatory to going to parliament, they will hear viva voce the extent o? the distress the measures necessary for its amelioration and the relief that England ought in justice be called on to give. They can then act as a united body, l ean see no objeotion if it be legal, as I believe it to be. If it be illegal it would not be right to adopt this course ; but as yet I see nothing illegal in a meeting of the free ohosen representatives of the people to take the opinions of the country on the measures that ought to be urged, with the united voice of the Irish nation upon the reluctant ears of the English parliament and government (oheers). Of oourse I do not put that idea forward by any means, pretending that he should interfere with u!terir measares by us. We in this hall shall go on looking for the Repeal of the Union as firmly as ever (great cheering). Perhaps the Irish mem bers varying in opinion hitherto, would, by the distress and the urgent representations of the country, come to an una nimous opinion uponjthat great question (oheers). We will not forego our agitation in the mean time, and thus by bringing to bear on the minds of the Irish representatives the whole amount of popular opinion from apaTof the country, the, will they be men-ifthey be real Irish men-comej orwardboldl, at least to protest definitivelv corrLtei theafi9lati?n' ' jiD at !a3t the preCrdistii. 8reat 9trUgle whioh "" aIone dy or ?he futu e lTPreVent t teou"en "f sch distress land-the ,(, " w" P'uuae y g- nA.i -----.-m ml uur own parliament to sit aeain in --.,.:5J ,? rettt oheera). The honourable gentleman vuuu.uuou py nronos W tha ,.i..- Mr, II W nHiionvT . v resoluta in un ? T ibaT t6r)' 8aoonded the "on 10 En eloquent speeoh, He gave a harrowing description of tho .awful effeots of the famine in Cork ""4 df the disease whi -h accompanied it. He warned the on classes that unless i hy oame forward and rendered tSecv assistance- to reliovd the people, and arrest the progrei"p the pestilence, tb r would themselves suffer from th 1 hard-heartedness an d neglect of the starving poor. Sr condemned tbe govi irnment in strong terms for the insnfl oianoy of its relief a 'essures, and said that when they h7i not the courage or hi) manity to discharge their duty t0 th people, they should g ' place to others who would. On leaving Cork harbour 1 pleasing object met his eyes, aft(" the scenes of misery , he had witnessed. He meant the star-spangled banner 6 f Amerioa (loud oheers), floatin! from that noble veaael, C. h Jamestown, which had brouou to this country the gener ous contributions of the American people for the relief of th 8 famine-stricken Irish (cheers) There could not be a mo. re severe censure on the conduit of the government than th 6 f0' f nBt American vejiel of war having come to this ot untry on that noble errand, after Lord John Russell's declar ation that British ships of Bar oould not be so employed (. hear, hear"). The CHAIRMAN said i he duty then devolved on hi,, to put the question, that the- dooument read by Mr. O'Cor. nell be entered on tbe n linntea, and that the thonks of ths association be given to the worthy, pious, devoted'clergymen who, nofs vithatanding the onerous and dangerous duties they had too 'ischarge, found time to com ply with the request of tbe ass ociation, and had furnished them lamentable details (hear 1 nd cheers). The motion was then agreed to. Mr. JEREMIAH DUNNE handed in tho renewed sub. scriptiona of 11. each from 1 Michael Dunne, Esq., J p " Ballymannis, Queen's county, an d Bernard M 'Garry, Baggot street, who he said wen ) aa good Repealers as atv in Ireland. Mr. J. H. DUNNE, read th foIlowVng letter, having handed in the subscriptions mentii m.;d in it : " Mul 'lingar, Aril 25, 1847. "Deab Sib Enclosed I senal you 31. Repeal money from the honest Old Irelanders of Mulling ar, on whoie co-operation you may at all times d spend, Mre regretex. ceedingly that the only true and hon est Leader of the hith people should condescend to notice l'-he vile caVumnies that are' uttered against him and his family. Tbe tr iah bishops, the Irish priests, and Irish people, know the honorable member .'or Kilkenny, they appreciate his dei otion and attachment to his country; he may very well d espise jthe foul insinuations of his aud their enemis. Watt y Cox, in hia day, was apparently writing in favour of the rights of Ireland. John (iffard was an out-and-out democr at. Cot and Giffard deceived the people, and betrayed their friendi, We hope that the meC of future times will not be obliged to consign to tho same category with Cox and Giffard, some of our modern journa.Vets. "Should you think it wo.'th doing, send word- to that fidgety, featherlesi, cackling old Sped Broom, that i here is no English money in those 31. " The money has been contributed by honsat an. 1 good men, who have contributed also to the six jnillions, of' which. England annually robs Ireland. " I have the honor to remain, dear Sir, you? obt dienfe servant, " B. Masiebso n. " To John Reilly, Esq." Mr. DUNNE moved the marked thanks of the ao. Nation to the Rev Mr. Masterson, for the remittance 1 or. warded by him, and also for hia unvarying devotion to t ,ie cause of his conntry. Mr. O'MAHONEY seconded the motion. Mr. O'CONNELL said he felt greatly obliged for t&a flattering manner in which tbe rev. gentleman had spoken of him in that letter. It was on honour to have the good! opinion of suoh men, and he was proud to obtain their approval and confidence. He could assure the rev. gentleman that he did not pay attention to the attacks mado on him, but he could also assure him that the happiest period of hia life would be when he saw even those who assailed him moat,, come back to the aaaeciation to work for the common good (hear, hear). Allusion had been made to the money Eng. land had robbed Ireland of ; but he would not at that late hour enter on the subject at length. He might just observe that the Times seemed to have found a mare' nest, with regard to the bebt question. That journal talked of the debt due by Ireland, but it did not Bay a word of how that. deDt rose up under the management of the English parliament, or how England made Ireland a partner, and responsible for the debt of 240 millions, while she kindly became responsible with Ireland for about 20 millions due by her at. the Bame time. The Standard had shown how unjust it. would he to tax Ireland ; the Dublin Evening Herald,. an ultra Protestant journal, also had an excellent article on. tbe subject; and as that was the frst time tbey had been supported in Conservative quarters, when they endeavoured! to show how cruelly this country bad been swindled by-England, be moved that the extracts from these papers, in. reference to the question, be inserted on the minutes.. Some days before he brought under the notice of the association tbe remonstrances of tbe Catholic clergy of Thurles agaimt tho calumnies of the Board of Works. That board acted as it liked in this country. had a nominal responsibility to the treasury, but in reality it was. an irresponsible body. If the members of that board: were taken together from first to last, it would ee difficult to find a set of bitterer bigots than they were, The con. sequence was that the persons whom they had appointed! principally belonged to tbe Orange faction, and went about through the country insulting the Catholic Priests. The. Catholic clergy of Thurles had complained of the insuitsj. offered to them by a Captain Norris, one of the officers of the Board of Worka, and accordingly he had been removed! to Coleraine, a place more congenial to his feelings, but no-reparation had been made to the Catholic clergy (hear,, hear). The attention of the government ought to be given to this. They might be assured that the difficult, problem of governing the people of this country, rendered still more difficult by their own inadequate and unsuitable measures, oould never be solved until the Catholic clergy were treated with that respeot to whioh they were entitled. The honourable and learned gentleman then stated that the proposed address to tbe Protestants of Ireland calling on them to join the association had been altered by tha committee into an address to the Pro. testant and Catholic non-Repealers, and he had been prevented by that circumstance from being, able to lay the address before the meeting on that, day. Catholic emancipation opened places of honour and. emolument to wealthy Catholics; but when they obtained that they sat down silent and contented, and did not exert, themselves to benefit tbe great mass of tbe people. The: address, therefore, would be most properly direoted tothoie classes, in order to stimulate them to exertion for then? country. They would then address the Protestant non-Repealers, showing tbem how some of their brethren were working aotively in that hall, and were amongst ths beat-members of the association telling them that the organisation waa not intended for any sectarian purpose, and that, whilst they would not permit any interference with their religion, they were desirous for perfeot equality for all religious denominations (hear, hear). And, in conclusion, they would oall upon Irishmen of all sects and partiesCatholics,. Protestanta, Presbyterians, and Dissenters Whigs, Conservatives and Rsdioala to join together to put an end to-that Union, which, after being forty-six years in operation, had reduced the country to this miserable condition. They would call on them to join together for the restoration of the Irish parliament, or have their names handed down to posterity with disgrace (cheers). iilr. KELCH said that he had justcalled at the provision depot in Townsend-street, where a pieoe of bread was put into his hands, which, together with a small quantity of stirabout, waa the ration for a child under nine jears of age. The weight of the piese of bread waa two ounce (loud cries of oh, oh) ; and he deolared that he would b no party to tbe giving of such miserable rations to tb poor. He understood that a deputation went to the committee on the subj-ot, but he did not yet know what wa the result. If the rations were not immediately increaisi, he would bring the whole affair before the association next week ; for he believed in his heart that if things were allowed to oontinue in their present state the parish of St. Mark would soon be in as bad a state as 3kibberreen. He understood that the ration for a full grown person wit doable that for a person uodir mne years, which he thought wai very deplorable (hear, hear). Mr. Keloh produced the piece of bread to which be had alluded, which was handed over to the olerk, witb directions to preserve it.J Mr. JOHN O'CONNELL then announced the Rentte the week as TWBNTY-FOUR POUNDS SIXTEEN SHILLINGS AND THREEPENCE. Mr. Dojle having been called to tho chair, Mr. JOHN O'CONNELL moved that the warm'it thanks of the association be given to the late chairman, wbj was the son of as trne an Irishman as ever lived ; and though they had lost the father, his virtue and patriotism W revived in the son. The motion was seconded, and oarried by aoolamatioB- The meeting then separated. BIRTHS. On the 22d Instant, the lady of Major Knox, 13th LlgM goone, of a son. , to On the 21st instant, In Mountploasant-avenuo, the lady el im Handcock Esq, of a son. . . In Grenville-Btreet, the lady of Francis Johnston, Esq, or " In London, the lady the lady of Sir Claude de Creapigny, Bart, 01 ' Sir Claude de Creapigny, auu ueir. MARRIED. Esq.' this cits, to Kate, eldest daughter of the late Pierce Power, of Kllgabril, Clashmore, county Waterford. DSATHS lir On the 2tlth Instant, at hiB reoidence, Annavlils, North Circa! roa -, James Goldrisk, Esq, for many yearn Asiatont Connni""',, General, and brother-in-law to Liemenant-Genewl Sir JM Carncross, K.C B., Royal Artillery. rlJIin, On the 26tb instant, at RlBothu.r,ioo William B. W" r second son of John lagson. Esq ' D7BjyN s.Printd and PubHshed for the Proprietors, ' 6, Frince's-Btaeet close to the General Post-office, by W" , TIUlfPY, 61. enr-.t. - Tuesday., April 27, ! ., , ad-Terms of Subscription to the Daiiv Fbeihas, PM"16., oi,; vance (published every Morning except 8unday)Terly. Half-yearly, 21. 12b. Od. ; Quarterly, LI 6s.

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