The Austin American from Austin, Texas on November 12, 1915 · 4
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The Austin American from Austin, Texas · 4

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Austin, Texas
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Friday, November 12, 1915
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4
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AUSTIN AMERICAN: FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, 1915. COMPLEXION OF THE NEW CONGRESS. STRAY SONG AND STORY 1 ) 4 9 Kit ork'Tt-f. . .Lrw..i 111 CON'OTiKRS AVllNTCia. "win, J b., ,,Kdior and JMihllsher . .uenerai hb ''M,'fn ."Pon1-,' mnttar May 1. I1-,",.1-, iTufin under net or irt:ii TlJ .ni'HO.Nfc.S. nuMne.g orflc " ,. .1ltorlKl llonm. Himlnegg Office Editor). I Ii. ' ItullfllB . i I TliKMH OK SI llSCKimON. Ially and Sunday. ?i M'nth !! " t .H9 J on -"vbu aid i ll Ainrjiiivwi 1 to in Pomestlo I. Foreign Jo to i l'1' Domeetlc Sc, Fore (tn Domentlo c! Foreign Bo ?mXXlfmV !" ;;;.':rometlo lei Foreign o t' w,,. .7.. 'nn Mflrm changed win pleas rft t, by Postofflce or tirrrM money ,r0r,l.0 fr i,',., "ent otherwise, we will not be responslbl order of 19 TO ADVI.HllSF.lt9. nallrn11 of. "" or omlimlone In legal or othir ltat.u r rn5n,- ,he Puhllahere do not Wold themaeive; by th.JL ."dam"'te further then the amount received J' ""rn for m.ch advertisement , KASTEHM AND WKSTEBS AGUNTS. T k"n?iln KentnorCo.. US Fifth Avenue. New .'n-Pln Kentnor Co.. Teoplea Gaa Building. Chi- NOTICE TO TIIK PUBLIC. Any erroneoug reflection upon the character. atand-nJ rPuttlon of any pergon, firm or corporation hich may appear In the columna of The Austin American will he gladly corrected upon its being frouttht to the attention of the management. Headers of The American leaving the city are reminded that they can have The American aent to lfiom direct by mail for any period desired days, emg and montha. 8uhcrlptlon may be given to newsdealer or gent to The American Circulation Department. Addressee will be changed eg often a desired. The value of advcrtlainff apace in a newspaper depends upon the quantity and quality of the rltviilntlon, which depends on the quantity and quality of the paper's service to the people. BACK TO THE BLUE LAWS. The Massachusetts Supreme Court occa- jnally turns back to the good old days of Ston and Prosper Mather, when the Blue aws were rigidly enforced and the savory in-I ense of burning witches soothed the senses A New England Puritans. It has just de-( cided that a woman who had a license to con-( duct a restaurant was guilty of a violation of V law in selling a loaf of bread on Sunday to be Varried away from the house. It gravely holds 1 that a licensed victualer may serve custom- -sjrs on tne nrpmises. nut ran nisnnse ot notn- ing to be consumed elsewhere. "This," says the Memphis; News-Scimitar, "is reminiscent of the old blue laws, which provided that no man should have a vote unless he belonged to the church, that no food or lodging should be furnished to a heretic, that no one should be permitted to cross a river crjne aDDam dux an autnonzea clergyman, that no one should cook meals, make beds, sweep house, cut hair or shave on the Sabbath day, that no one should kiss his or her children on the Sabbath or on any feasting day," or should walk to or from church "except in a most reverent and God-like man ner. THE COLONEL AND THE CUB. The Atchison Globe remarks that "Henry Watterson possibly comes nearer saying what he -thinks than any other editor of an American daily paper. And lie thinks a good deal." That is not exactly the way of it. The colonel simply gets mad and he treats the public to whatever is on his mind sometimes without stopping to think. Portland (Ore.) Telegram. Not, however, without stopping to think that the moonfaced cub, who writes paragraphs for the Portland Telegram ought to be, first bored for the simples and then set to work digging holes in the sky to breed donkeys and bury sunbeams. Louisville Courier-Journal. The man slated for Emperor of China has thirty-one children, from which we infer he needs money more than the honors. A Florida man who has 'been fishing for 1 twenty years asks "What is bait?" The dense ignorance of some persons is little short of appalling. "It seem3 to be pretty generally recognized," says the Washington Herald, "that there is danger that Colonel Bryan wilf Teddify the Democratic party." The Associated Press, which is not a trust, advises the reading public that the Emperor of Japan attended the coronation. Very thoughtful of him, indeed. "Great Britain," says the Washington Herald, "has seized the Hocking, and if the war goes on much longer she'll be hocking the V'as." J- B.'s longest suit is in hocking what don't belong to him. Customs officials at El Paso seized $20,000 worth of jeweliy belonging to Pancho Villa, which he attempted to smuggle across the border. However, his bath tub and guillotine are nut numbered with the gems. S1) squads will kindly take notice that Brand Whitlock, American minister to Belgium, officially states that the legation "received no pledge or promise that it would be kept informed of the disposition of the Cavell cue. I The New York Post says that the membership of the next House at the opening of the sixty-fourth Congress on Dec. 6, will consist of 230 Democrats, 196 Republicans, 7 Progressives, I Independent and I Socialist. Democrats will have a majority over Republicans of 34, and a majority over all of 25. .It is a remarkable fact that more than three-fourths of the delegations in the House at the coming session will contain new blood, no fewer than 'ill new members being elected. In addition there will be nineteen members who did not serve in the last Congress, but who, nevertheless, have had prior congressional experience. Most of them are Republicans who have served many years in Congress. Trobably no Congress, says the Tost, in recent years has had as few "solid" delegations, that is, delegation? belonging exclusively to one political party, as at the coming session. Only Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Mexic6, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Vermont and Wyoming have such delegation's. Of these States seven belong to the so-called "Solid South," a section where Democratic solidarity is a byword. Arizona and New Mexico have only one member of Congress each, hence their solidarity Is excusable. Only six Northern States, all of them small ones, as far as congressional delegations go, are represented exclusively by one party. Oh the contrary, the worst split-up State politically in the House is California, which is represented by four Democrats, three Republicans, three Progressives and one Independent, William Kent, formerly of Chicago. Of the State delegations the majority in twenty-four are Republicans, and twenty are controlled by Democrats, while four States are evenly divided or the balance of power is held by a third party. In the last Congress, the Democrats, as the result of the landslide in 1912, had a two to one majority in the lower House of Congress, while the Senate had a majority of ten. In the last elections the Democrats nude gains in senatorial membership which is bound to result in a transfer of political interest from that body to the House, where the majority is small enough to make its deliberations of exceeding interest. The membership of the Progressives in the next House will be reduced to seven. The average member of Congress from Louisiana, 'says the Post, is expected to vote for a high protective tariff on sugar, no matter to what party he belongs, but in other matters his predilictions have been to follow in the main the Democratic party, while the general disposition of Progressives from the Northern States is to vote with the Republicans where party principle is not involved. Indeed that has been the record of the former members of Congress now representing the Progressive party in the House. One of the results of these conditions will be a complete rearrangement of House committees, such committees being apportioned among parties according to their strength, which will result in the Democrats having one and not more than two majority on any committee. Inasmuch as practically all the chairmen of the House committees of importance come from the South, where Republican victories are few and far between, there will be practically no change in chairmanships in that body. Thirteen New York lawyers have been suspended from practice. This gives it thirteen on Houston. The doctors are holding a convention in Dallas. Later on the undertakers will be given the keys to Houston. A Dallas official who resembled a duck was shot by his son. Evidently a wise son who couldn't differentiate his "dad" from a duck. In all controversies growing out of the suppression of Mr. Bryan's book by Great Britain, we shall experience no difficulty in keeping our neutrality on ,straight. Late reports of the battle of Loos show that the famous Black Watch was again compelled to march through a slaughter house into an open grave at the command of an incompetent officer. Up to the time of going to press, Great Britain had confiscated a mere matter of $45,-000,000 worth of property belonging to American citizens. Neutrality, it appears, is costly as well as war. A float upon which was mounted two rain barrels and syphon staged, a realistic representation of the Houston ship channel in the recent carnival parade .it the head of navigation on Buffalo Bayou. On the day the Dallas County grand jury refused to indict a woman who killed her husband, the police threw two children into its common jail. There is nothing like dealing harshly with major offenders and kindly with the minor ones. A New Yorker, has trained a skunk to be a bird hunter. Why not .a political campaigner? Fort Worth Record. Market glutted. ' The Dallas Times-Herald is not an alliterating crank. It speaks in a headline of a "Damsel With Timber Limb." Why could not our contemporary have had it a "Lizzie With a Lumber Limb?" Houston Post. Professor Walters of Philadelphia, who says when you swat a fly, mosquito or bedbug you destroy a soul, says insects and plants have souls that are not situated in their stomachs like men's are. Oh, well, the bughouses that turn out creatures like Professor Walters will save all the' bedbugs, mosquitoes and flics that bug heaven will need. -Houston Post. Speaking of oil and gas operators, Houston has more gas operators who know nothing about oil than any town in America. They have a thorough knowledge of hot air, however. Brenham Banner-Press. It always grieves us sorely when an editor writes anything uncomplimentary about Gun-ville. All that talk about starving Germany is pure rot. That country is prepared to take care of itself and, by the way, it has been doing so, very nicely, ever since the war started. Long-view Times-Clarion. She is not likely to starve immediately, seeing that during the war she has captured and holds a rich territory nearly as large as her original empire. The Headlight had a call from one of its subscribers at Bonus last Saturday who insisted that he owed the paper-more on subscription than the label showed. In the thiiiecn years this paper has been printed it is the first instance of this kind that has ever happened. There arc still some honest men in the wcild! Eagle Lake Headlight. Undoubtedly. At the same time it would be well to keep an eye on your man he may be laying a predicate. The papers are now speaking of King Peter of Serbia as "the venerable ruler." Vc can remember when that was not the way they talked of him, but we are willing to let bygones be bygones if the other fellows are. Dallas Times-Herald. About the time King Alexander and Queen Draga were murdered in their beds in the palace at Belgrade, he was mostly called "the venerable assassin," but far be it from us to indulge any references to allusions calculated to revive that unhappy incident. Some Painful Memories. From K. Lamity's Harpoon, (The following was suggested by a paragraph in The American describing the tragic fate of C. W. Noyes' Crescent City Circus. Ed. American.) Above information, given by The American is correct, but 1 see no reason for digging up those old time incidents. Especially is the mere mention of the "Field of the Cloth of Gold" and the name of Mile. Tounor a painful memory to the Harpoon editor for the reason that his enthusiasm to emulate the wonderful trapeze performance of this "queen of the air" came very near making him a physical wreck, and robbing Texas of an editorial wonder. The American is correct, for in the fall of 1873. Noyes' Crescent City Circus, the "greatest of all overland shows," made an attempt to navigate the road from Waco to Belton, Texas. Heavy rains, accompanied by an old-time Texas norther had transformed the open prairie into a veritable bog hole, but the towns' had been billed, and the show must go forward. Just how the heavily loaded wagons were ever pulled through those black dirt roads by the strings of scrawny horses and lean lanky mules, has always been a wonder, but they got there all right while each mud-covered vehicle, presented the appearance of a black land farm on wheels. After two performances in Belton, the show came on to Salado where a breathless crowd including every man. woman and child tributary to that rural metropolis had gathered to welcome this perambulating wonder. Occupying a position in the front ranks of that imposing committee of reception, was the writer who by main strength and two personal encounters, succeeded in securing one among the first tickets sold. He wuntcd to see the show, and see all of it. It would be impossible to describe the performance. It would bankrupt Webster's Unabridged to truthfully portray the magnificence displayed by this "greatest of all overland shows" as it appeared to the writer, as he held down a narrow space of pine plank marked "reserved seat" and ga.ed in awe and wonder upon the dazzling scene. I've seen hundreds of so-called circuses since that ev int-ful day, but somehow or other they have failed to measure up with this my first circus. Woody Cook was a wonder as he stood upright upon a big, fat, lazy horse that galloped slowly around the sawdust ring, but when Mile. Tounor came tripping into the arena dressed in solid gold tights (and I fancied threw a kiss at me) that settled it. From that moment I was hers and hers only and if it hadn't been for a herd of long-horned cattle shut up at home in the corral that needed my attention I am satisfied f would have followed the "Field of the Cloth of Gold" all over the State. Her performance was something marvelous and' when she gave a scream a drum tapped and she fell into a net twenty feet below I coughed up something and came near strangling before I could swallow it again. I don't know what it was, but it felt as big as my fist. Yes, I stayed to the concert and then hung around trying to get another glimpse of the "trapeze queen." Finally she came out dressed in ordinary attire and passed within ten feet of me, Then 1 was ready to go home. She urncn't vartlv nc vrninrr nrwl rrnrA nrAAnrr I had imagined. The Doom of the Neutral-At Dante Saw It Few sentences are as deeply engraven in Italian minds as the famous verses from the third canto of "The Inferno." Every Italian boy learns them by heart. Virgil has led Dante through the gate of hell to where in the starless air they hear strange tongues, horrible cries, words of pain, accents of anger and deep, hoarse noises. Dante, overcome with horror, asks Virgil who these sufferers arc. Virgil answers : This wretched state The sorry souls of those endure Who without shame and without honor lived They are commingled with that caitiff crew Of angels, who neither rebels were, Nor true to God, but for themselves, In order not to be less beautiful, Heaven drove them out; the deeps of hell receive them not, Lest damned souls should glory over them. Mercy and Justice disdain them; Speak not of them, but look and pass. Dante Alighieri's scorn of those who remain neutral when right is fighting against wrong has become part of the Italian inheritance. Henry Dwight Sedgwick in the Yale Review. A Critique Colonel George Harvey said at a banquet in his honor in New York: "We editors like criticism, especially when it is of the very favorable kind that I've received this evening. "But not all criticism i3 favorable, even for the most successful editors. A good many editors, in fact, often find themselves in the position of the rich old broker whose little grand-niece said: " T'ncle, how long do people live?' " 'The natural span of man's life,' the uncle answered, 'is, as the Good Book tells us, three core vears and ten.' " 'Oh, then, you'll live to be 140, won't you, uncle?' "The old man looked around the room crowded with relatives and laughed heartily. "'Why. no,' he said. 'Why, no. How do you make that out?' "'Isn't it true, then,' said the little girl isn't it true what mamma says ab'mt you living a double life?' "Washington Star. It Goes in Vaudeville He stabs the villain with a knife, Then does a little lance. He begs the girl to be his wife, Then floes a little fiance. He sings a ballad of the sea. Recites of days at mother's knee, And then to make 'em howl in glee He does a little dance. New York World. A Complete Report A little boy, who had been taught to report promptly his misdeeds sought his mother with an aspect of grief and repentance. "I broke a brick in the fireplace," he announced, on the verge of tears. "Well, that is not beyond remedy," smiled the mother, "but how on earth did you do it?" "1 was pounding it with father's watch." A Garden The tiny snowdrop ushers in the year; The C rocus falls, ere March wind music fills The golden trumpets of the daffodils; Then soon like Eastern potentates appear The Tu'baned tulips! now young June distils The precious odors of the earliest rose; With lupins blue and white the garden plows: The steepkd foxglove peals its tapering bells ' And trailing honeysuckle sweetly smells, Like floating butterflies the gay sweet peas Dance on llieii way to welcome blithe July, Whose kirtle's border as she passes by Small pansii-s kiss ; the larkspur, loved of bees, Uplifts its fretted spires against the sky. with Autumn you may view The starry Asters, a resplendent host ; Chrysanthemums their orient lineage boast And ChriMmas roses bid the year adii'u. Frank Gwynne Evans. A Counter Attack A prominent Englishman once dined in Paris and next to him at the table was a Newport belle, says the Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph. The conversation drifted to a discussion of things American ami the Briton made some rather disagreeable remarks. "Why, d'ye know," he continued, "at some of the places I dined in America 1 saw people eat with their knives and spill their soup on the tablecloth." The American girl was thoroughly provoked by this time, but she replied, with an apparent unconcern: "What poor letters of introduction you must have had, My Lord." An Orchard in Winter It was years ago, and no one knows, Just who planted the orchard rows, Bedded ;nd firmed the tender feet Of the Twenty Ounce and the Golden Sweet. And the straggling clan whose branches meet Over Pomona's litllr aisles. A tumblcd-down wall and an old rail fence Guard the orchard wi'h poor pretense; And pilferers, footed and winged, come there Even in Winter when boughs are bare, And the nuthatch huMts for his meager share, Peering ami pecking, this way and that, First up, then down, like an acrobat. Deer stroll in from the mountain pass Gratefully nosing the buried treat Of fruit, frost bitten, and brown and sweet, Brought to light by their trampling feet; And up where weathering crabapples cling, The grosbeaks cavil and feast and sing. All Winter long to the Golden Sweet, And the Twenty Ounce ami the trees that meet, Neglected and old in this wild retreat. Come bird and beast in their need akin, And make the old orchard their wayside inn. -Florence Boycc Davis in Youth's Companion. Brighter Days for Mexico. New York Post. ' On Oct. 7, 1910, Porfirio Diaz, having bestowed upon himself a new presidential term of six years, felt secure enough to release from prison his rival for the Presidency, Francisco Madcro. Five years later, almost to a day, our Government, acting in conjunction with the principal South American republics, announced the forthcoming recognition of Venustiano Carranza and the approaching end of an era of civil war which has brought upon the Mexican people sufferings probably as bitter as the war-ridden nations of Europe have undergone. We can not speak with certainty of the future, but the signs point clearly to the termination of a painful period of transition, the establishment in Mexico, not merely of order, but of a new order. Despite the vicissitudes of the last five years, the trend of events has been moving toward one conclusion. The Mexico that will emerge from the bloody test can not be the Mexico of Don Porfirio. When affairs were in their most chaotic stage, when no one could s!ty with certainty whether the destinies of the republic were ultimately to be shaped by Villa, by Carranza. by Zapata, it was still plain that the old idea were done for. The counter-revolution of Hucrta and Felix Diaz had failed. All the men in the field were struggling for reform and reconstruction. It simply remained to determine who the one man should be. Carranza is, first, the result of a long and severe process of elimination. Were Pancho Villa in the same military position which Carranza holds today it is possible that the sanction of the Pan-American governments would have been bestowed on him. But it would be wrong to descry in the triumph of Carranza the mere operations of good fortune. In Carranza arc most completely exemplified the qualities necessary for the establishment of a new order which should not be an impossible break with the old. By antecedents, by training, by culture, he represents enough of the old Mexico to make no such startling transition as would have marked the advent of Pancho Villa to the Presidency. The new order must bring a new life for the submerged classes, but the process of reconstruction must inevitably be the work of the class experienced in government ; and Carranza comes from that class. His personality has shown the toughness essential in a severe struggle for the survival of the fittest. The dangers of a military despotism, which many people have regarded as the oniy form of government possible in Mexico, are lessened under a civilian who has shown a talent for keeping his generals under control. The rumors of mutiny by Ohr.-gon, Gonzales and other Constitutional leaders arc fabrications from the Villa press agency. It is true also that recognition for Carranza has come as a result of the united efforts of the American republics. Our own Government has not merely co-operated with the "A. B. C." nations; it is likely that our attitude has been influenced by the wishes and opinions of the Latin-American governments. Racially and by political experience they are better qualified than we are t understand forces and personalities in Mexico. It u -cd to be said that the representatives of Argentina, Chili and Brazil were hostile to Carranza because their own political institutions were dominated bv that Cientifiro element against which the Madcro revolution was directed. All the. more reason why their ultimate approval of Carranza should be accepted as evidence that Carranza is the only man possible. Working hand in hand with the nations of South America, our own Government reduces to a minimum the suspicion with which Latin America regards the motives of the United States, the natural fear of weak nations. Some justification for that fear could be found in the vociferations of our allied imperialist and big business interests, the people who favor a speedy solution of problems in a neighboring republic by the simple process of going in and "taking" things. The participation of the South American republics is not only a guarantee to the Mexican people; it is a pledge imposed 0,1 ourselves and a check upon the jingo within our gates. The problems which still confront the Mexican people are heavy. For some time to come the Villa and Zapata bands will continue to make trouble, though an unmistakable expression fif our good will ami, specifically, an embargo on the importation of arms into Mexico, would speedily discourage the guerrilla leaders and their financial backers. After the war there is a vast mass of social legislation to be put through, and this will bring friction. F.ven before that, the financial upbuilding of the nation must be undertaken. The Mexican people has a heavy bill of foreign indemnities to meet. But they can be met. if the Pan-American governments see to it that only the just debts of foreigners are exacted. The natural resources of Mexico are very great. The people, under a just system of taxation, can afford the interest on a very heavy loan for the payment of indemnities, the rebuilding of railways, and the beeinnings of a system of land distribution among the people. While this necessary worV is being carried on by Carranza, critics of his administration in ami out of Mex:co are undoubtedly in the position of pointing to the failure of the democratic movement which Madcro set on foot. Don Porfirio is gone, but Don Venustiano, another "strong man," is in his place, It is on a smaller scale the French Revolution ending in Napoleon. But if Carranza can do for the Mexican people what Napoleon did for the French people, he will be justified. It was the error and crime of Porfirio Diaz that while he gave Mexico order, he did not concern himself with laying a foundation for the national life. STARS AND STRIPES New York American. Some of the sharks caught in New York waters conduct loan offices when ashore. Way museums are begging rare feathers you'd think we married a lot of museums. Fairbanks, G. O, P. lightning rod, fears the Vice-Presidency is going to hit him again. Three men suspected of trying to break out of Sing Sing were only breaking in. (

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