Emm mmm A SEUGSTACKE NEWSPAPER 31 DM America's Best Weekly NEW (6HHSJ 'i finiii NATIONAL EDITION VOL. 61 No. 32 AUGUST 9, 1969 Member A wilt Banaa f Circa tstioa Two Sections 16 Pages 20c : 1 '' i iimi mi r W:i:?;,'V:i':i (PK'BB'HB' Congress Defying The Court LEGGING IT Civil Rights crusader James Meredith, who faces arrest upon his arrival in New York in dis pute'with his tennants, is shown in Lorain, Ohio during his walk from Chicago to New York. Meredith is staging the cross - country walk to "build and promote Negro pride and positive goals in the black community." Urban League Takes On Mew Group Unity WASHINGTON In the 'leaders and other blacl same vein that national direc - itant groups on "matters of mu - tor Roy Wilkins agreed to tual agreement" at the close meet with Black Panthers' of the NAACP convention in Jackson, Miss., last month, some 3,000 delegates and observers to the National Urban League convention here last week agreed to pursue a "new image." It will be a Black Mob Said To Be On Increase' WASHINGTON - While a Senate Appropriations subcommittee was hearing testimony this week on how much money to recommend should be spent on the enforcement of all of Amprira's laws not only the usual crime but civil ri ghts; emerge with a greater sense WASHINGTON - The coali - i tion of the Conservatives of the North and West, and the "Old South" of both parties, which has ruled Congress ever since the Nixon Administration took over, despite the numerical majority of the Democrats, moved one step further toward ultimate polarization, this time on the issue of withholding funds to desegregate schools, last week. The House voted 158 - to - 41 to ban the use of such funds to accomplish school desegregation in a bill worded and intended to make "freedom of choice" plans which the U.S. Supreme Court outlawed last year, legal. All of the congressmen of the i Old South and even some Northerners cheered loudly as the outcome of the vote was announced. Whether the new bill flies in the face of the 14th Amendment and the courts, which guarantee equal use of government iunds to all citizens, and whether the Federal courts will still declare "freedom of choice" plans which don't work unlawful or not, the House was still trying to make it law without going through the process of ratifying constitutional amendments. The next step will be up to the Senate to either pass or I reject the bill but Conservative sentiment is also high at I present in the Senate. There were many hours of I bitter debate on the bill. Rep. 'Silvio Conte. Rep., Mass., protested: "This would have us reireai to tne sinful record of the past." Rep. Emanuel Celler, Dem. black mili - . Brooklyn, said: "The time for desegregation came several years ago. It couldn't be stopped then, and it can't be stopped now. Desegregation is here and it is going to stay here." The bill would bar the with - nolding of Federal funds to force the busing of students. to close - a school, or to force MEM wmmmmFWWm IB ark 111 piiw mm Control Greene County GREAT DAY IN ALA. This was the scene in Eutaw, Ala., last week as blacks marched in and out of the Greene County Court House to vote in a U.S. Supreme Court ordered special election for the coun - BLACK MARINES HELD ty. Negroes elected all black candidates who were seeking office. Photo on left shows Rev. Ralph David Abernathy helping 89 years - old John Collins after he had cast his vote. EUTAW, Ala. - The modern phenomena of black political control in some southern communities is spreading. For at least 20 years there's I been all - black Mississippi town of Mound Bayou. Then what happened in the little Mississip pi town of Fayette on Missis - sippi's western border, where black civil rights worker, Charles Evers, is now Mayor, seeped through the Eastern I border of Mississippi into Ala - bama's Greene County last week in a Supreme Court - or dered election. It ended with four Negroes being elected to the five - mem ber county commission and put two more Negroes on the coun ty school board, where one had already won office last year, to give blacks 3 - to - l edge on running the county's schools. , It was a "tight - squeeze" win I for Negroes even at that. And if only the remaining white county commissioner, J. B. Herndon, who is also Greene County's Judge of Probate Court hadn't defied a di - ' rect order of the U. S. Supreme Court to put the names of the stayed borne on election day also, had it not been for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and ita leaders, the Rev. Ralph David Abernathy and Hosea Williams and the head of the splinter - See Page 4 IN CHICAGO White Marine Dead owing Outbreak Foil CAMP LEJEUNE, N. C. - Of all persons Senator John C. Stennis, Mississippi Demo - totally militant, completely unified, consensus - policy, short any student to attend a nar of actual violence, for the na - ticular school against their tion's poor and minority groups. National Urban League director Whitney P. Young, 48, had predicted before the convention that the organization would become much more militant and that all of the shades of opinion in the minorities of America suffering from failure to solve the urban - racial p r oblems would law, enforcement on fair Housing, equal employment opportunity, and the aspects of desegregating education as well as Dig nauonai syndicate - ur - parents' will. The House also attached to the bill a requirement that universities and colleges cut off funds to any students who participate in campus disorders, most of which have concerned why ther eare not a greater pro - Trial Over, Evans Sti Is 'Star' crat, has ordered a congres - made formal at press time sional investigation into racism Evidence was also beine ea and its resultant violence at thpmrf in thp invpctiMtinn that1 O - """ . Panthers Say Cops Hit First CHICAGO "We've never attacked anyone. There's too many people at stake for that. There's . too many people in the neighborhood who would get killed.", Thus spok Bob Lee, youthful organizer for the Chicago Panther Party, as he showed npwsiriPTi tha fir p.oiittarf Negroes on the baUot last,.omnl(lt1iv HpBtmvpH mk November in the general elec - Panther headquarters build - uuu, i dcui ureeiie is o u ii i y whites might still brazenly and openly be defying and intimidating Negroes on their rights to even cast a ballot. But the Supreme Court in ordering a new election last Spring was so mad that Probate Judge Herndon had defied their direct order that so many Federal observers were sent 'into Greene County this time to insure what almost turned jout to be a fair and impartial (election. Even so, all the overt ra cist political tricks were used this time, including intimida tion, and night before election ing after five policemen were shoU - none of them seriously in a police raid on the headquarters building last week. Three black youths were arrested and a sawed - off shotgun, five pistols and a small quantity of ammunition were confiscated. It was the same story that officials of various cities like San Francisco, Oakland, Sacra mento and Denver had shaken their heads at and remarked See Page 4 use of the clenched - fist this Marine training base and tne : aboard a U.S. training cruiseBiack p0Wer" sign is preva vessel wuicn emoarKea ior we.w anion h ark anH Pnprtn CLEVELAND A strongly evident dedication of white prosecuting attorneys to insure that black nationalist leader, Mediterranean sea just three days after the fatal clash between black and white Marines at a dance here on July 20. , When the smoke from that military disorder cleared six black or Puerto Rican Marines were in the brig here charged with suspicion of assault and Rican Marines and that large billboards reading "This is Klan' country" and others bearing messages signed by the John Birch Society adorn the highways of this southern area. There was also some evidence put forth by those being . . n ... : i it . t rioting and one white marine,1 M"ne e rw,,! ,o,.i Dw'iand Puerto Rican members of Edward 20, of Picayune, Miss., was Fred "Ahmed" Evans, already' dead of head injuries, and ano - convicted and sentenced, dies in the electric chair is being matched by Evans with a flippant sarcasm. He displays a seming resignation to his fate portion than 1.9 percent of land voices an absolute denial total populations of U.S. Col - that he ever even shot at a leges being Negro, and why policeman during the July, Negroes are not taught more' 1968 Glenville area riots, effectively how to raise the' He was featured at the mur - ther white Marine, Pfc. James S. Young, 19, of Roanoke, Ala., was almost near death in a hospital and Dozen other white Marines had been badly beaten. The charges had not been the Armed Forces are members of the Black Panther Party and some whites are members of the Klan and John Birchers, none of which organizations have been official - See Pago 4 I arrests of black voting leaders. Despite the fact that Federal law now says - a person can get 10 years in a Federal penitentiary for depriving others of their civil rights such as the right to vote, just slightly less than 1,700 of the total 3,800 blacks who are registered in the county stayed home for some mysterious reason on ing and the Connectional Coun - voting day last week. There's ,cil held at Old Ship Church, July 30 - Aug. 2, and was rushed to St. Margaret's Hospital, where he was placed in intensive care, and on the ciritical Attack Fells Bishop Jones MONTGOMERY, Ala. - The Rt. Rev. Raymond L. Jones, Senior Active Bishop of the AME Zion Church, was stricken with a heart attack after delivering the keynote address for the Board of Bishop's Meet - almost exactly 1,750 whites who compose the total number of whites registered to vote in the county. Those 1,700 Negroes who pst. . stayed home' on election day' A resident of Salisbury, N.C., are also almost half of the to - Bishop Jones had just complet - tal 3,800 Negroes who are registered to vote in Greene County. More Negroes might have ed his six month tenure as chairman of the board of bish - See Page 4 of unity. So it was not too surprising when some 60 black - and - poor youths involved in a national summer ghetto working pro - . 1 J 1 xl eanized crime, - a national au - if"". e'e ?a ny we - to ft individual colleeee ad. ura House Select Committee If - , to the tune of $100,000 r". of - that group s own money, On Crime. 'harppH.in nn tvun oopasinns Congress has to also set) . mnMnfinB mhilo measure passes the Senate James A. Linen, white national , "? si8ned bv the President, ... ... ... rntlc npnminy 4 rtrtccirilir 'nn. president ot tne uman League and president of Time, Inc aside some money to deal with the new national Black Mafia which is now threatening ro ri val and even to put out of busi ness in some communities the old traditional Cosa Nostra." The witness, Ralph J. Salerno, a former New York detec tive, who is reputed to be a top national authority on the workings of national mobs, said that black mobsters were threatening to take over in several cities. status of the rest of the black and poor. However, the House provided no means of enforcing this latter provision but left it up ministrators On the matter of enforcing school desegregation, if the thus becoming a possibly "un constitutional'" law, it will be '.'was speaking. The youths took UP to e Federal courts al - over the microDhones to blast ",0!l entirely 10 oemana scnooi the past "hypocrisies" of the League, w h ich is funded for approximately $30 - millionsj mainly from white foundations and Community Chest funds in 94 cities. It has a staff of 1,800. Nor was it too surprising, that black Congresswoman He pointed to Buffalo, N.Y.,1 Shirley Chisholm. speaking to as one example where he said the convention as a represen - Negroes had been rising from tative of the country's ten the lower echelons of the num - black nation al - lawmakers, See Page 4 See Page 4 desegregation, Since court - administered de segregation is quite sensitive to local pressures, it has had a history of being considerably much slower and much more deliberate than the desegregation accomplished under the Federal Aid to Education guide der trial of Lathan Donald, 20, here last week. Whether or not Donald the two juveniles who will also tried on murder charges will be convicted or sentenced similarly or not, seemed a anti - climax. A fifth defendant, Alfred Thomas, 19, whom witnesses have testified probably shot at the poorly camouflaged un marked police car sent into the area to do surveillance on the fact that Evans and his fol lowers had legally purchased rifles and bandoliers of am munition and were openly wearing them - at Evans bookshop on the day the rioting began, has already been declared insane and has been committed to a mental iinsti - tution. Black Police ,5'Chief Quits till. - . - A. I J' 1 lines administered by the U.S. ',e slory now rsania Dept. of Health, Education p n 1 Le len !u,r"'eu and Welfare under the Ken - '"to the Glenville area after nedy and Johnson Administra - I the unmarked P1,ce car was tions. See Page 4 LIMA, Ohio Just how torturesome it must be to most American racist whites to have to admit that a Negro must have the final say on matters he has ordered done, came to a head here last week when Lima, Ohio's first Negro police chief, William K. Davenport, a veteran of 27 years on this community's police force, resigned, effective immediate - ly. ' in tendering his resigna tion, Police Chief Davenport, said he was tired of other officials countermanding his orders and that he could not operate his 85 - man police force, of which only eight are Negroes. Davenport came up through i See Page 4 L r - Alfei m Ijfe, , 7'; a mm r'f - h" : New. - ' - - ,A fc v fi:ililiISiil "77LJ :1 rf, 3k - .r.i," '' P - - i - . - J i CHEERFUL GREETINGS - Casimere. Jr., 21, of New seems to be getting quite - FFC Thomas Orleans,. La., a thrill upon being greeted by Mrs. Richard Nixon during her visit to the 24th Evacuation Hospital in Saigon.
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