The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on May 3, 1971 · 3
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 3

Los Angeles, California
Issue Date:
Monday, May 3, 1971
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2 og flngtlgg ffifmea Mon., May 3, 1971 -Part I 3 CW- ' SCENE AT UNION STATION PLANETARIUM SCENE Manikin rests on top of seats in Griffith Observatory planetarium played key role in convicting second slayer of Palmdale teen-ager. Involved in investigation, from left, were astrono Science Aids Continued from First Page Among other things, Henderson testified that he had seen, from bout 12 feet away. Jenkins strug-fling with the girl in the field, but that he "ran" when he heard the girl cry. "No. No. No." But aside from suspicion. Herzbrun and three Sheriff's Department detectives, Sgt. Robert Wood end Dets. Charles Sharp and William Wilson, had little physical tvidence. "Then one night I went out to the field, to the spot, where the girl's body was found. It. was pitch black. There were no lights of any kind." said Herzbrun, a career prosecutor in his mid-30s. Reenacts Scene "I got to thinking about the 12-foot distance," he continued. "I said, Hell, you can't see 12 feet . . . you can't even see 4 feet." Herzbrun said he went, back to the field with a deputy sheriff, and. clad in a white tee shirt, knelt down approximately in the same place the girl's body was found. He told the deputy to walk toward him, following the same path Henderson said he took. "I wore the white tee shirt on purpose," Herzbrun related. "We knew what Joe Jenkins was wearing: he had on dark clothes the night of the murder. The deputy came within 20 paces of me before he could even see a form, and even then he almost, tripped over me. We knew Henderson was lying . . ." Herzbrun said he next examined photographs taken of the murder scene by the Sheriff's Department and had enlargements made of the sections that showed the outline of shoeprints made in the soft earth of the field. Prints Checked "We compared the photos and thought one imprint looked an inch or so smaller than the other. The print3 were of a left and a right shoe. One appeared to have been made by a fairly conventional shoe. The other showed the outline of a toe and a heel that looked like it had been made by a European shoe, Italian, maybe," Herzbrun said. The prosecutor said the photographs confirmed His suspicions of Henderson. The latter had testified that he was wearing Italian shoe3 the night of the slaying. In the transcript of Jenkins' preliminary hearing, there is the following exchange between Henderson and Antelope Valley Municipal Judge W7illiam J. Wright: "What kind of shoes are those, Mr. Henderson?" asked W7right. "Italiap." "They have a hand stitch around the shoe, lining the entire top of the shoe?" continued the judge." "Yes." "Thev have laces?" "Yes." "And the size?" asked Wright. "The size? Nine and one half." Size Questioned Herzbrun said he pondered the transcript, and the photographs and concluded that what looked like the imprint of the Italian shoe was closer to size 11 than QI2. "So now I knew he was lying about the distance and probably about the shoe size. A lot of people saw what kind of shoes he was wearing the night of the murder, so he couldn't lie about that, but he could lie about the size of the shoes," said Herzbrun. Shortly after, a charge of murder was filed against Henderson. To win a conviction, Herzbrun said, he had to prove two things: that Henderson couldn't possibly have seen what he said he saw, and that the footprint made by the Italian shoe wa3 Henderson's. The most Immediate problem, the Police in Slaying Case prosecutor said, was to prove the footprint was Henderson's. Herzbrun took the photographs to a San Fernando Valley orthopedic foot specialist, who backed up the prosecutor's earlier thought: that the probable size of the Italian shoe was in the range of 10-11, and that the conventional shoe imprint was smaller, possibly size 92. Measurements were then taken of both Jenkins' and Henderson's feet, and the measurements were highly damaging to Henderson. A shoe specialist, who later testified at Henderson's trial, said the suspect had a natural shoe size of 12, though calluses on the ridges of his toes indicated he wore a smaller size shoe, possibly size 11. Jenkins' shoe size was Qli. But there was still no solid evidence that the vague outline of the shoe imprint in the photograph was a size 11 shoe. Then Herzbrun read an article in The Times describing crime detection work being done at Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The prosecutor went to JPL, the agency responsible for the U.S. unmanned planetary space program, and talked to Dwain Spencer, manager of JPL's Space Technology Applications Office, who had. a federal grant to apply space technology to urban problems, including crime. Immediate Problem Herzbrun described his problem to Spencer, who assigned Dr. Belliot Paul Framan and a mathematician-systems analyst, Ramuald Ireneus Scibor-Marchocki, to work with the prosecutor. An immediate problem became apparent: the photographs were one-dimensional, viewed from the top, and therefore would not lend themselves to conclusive analysis. A three-dimensional model was needed. Thus began a long search to find a shoe that matched the description of Henderson's shoe, a task made more difficult because there was no model of the shoe, only Judge Wright's verbal description. The search for the Italian shoe led Herzbrun, Wood and other investigators to more than two dozen shoe stores from downtown Los Angeles to Palmdale. The legwork paid off one day when a district attorney's investigator, Roger Reid, found a pair of shoes matching Weight's description UCLA Phasing Out Program for High-Risk Minority Youth BY NOEL GREENWOOD Times Education Writer A model program to educate minority youths with few formal qualifications but with impressive potential is being phased out at UCLA. Dubbed High Potential, the modest (an enrollment of 185 on a campus of 27,000) program deliberately sought out "high-risk" youths often more familiar with the ghetto than a college campus. Now, as it ends its third year, High Potential (along with UCLA's Educational Opportunities Program) is being succeeded by a larger, umbrella-type program for minority and disadvantaged students of all levels from high- to moderate- to low-risk. High Potential's departure is being accompanied by a sometimes angry debate, for it raises some basic questions about the education of minority youth in a major university. The issue la not whether UCLA is turning its back on minority youths, for the successor program hold3 out ! r- mer Paul Roques, Sheriff's Det. Charles Sharp, Dep. Disr. Atty. Herman Herzbrun, Sheriff's Det. Sgt. Robert Wood and Dr. William J. Kauf-mann, director of observatory, where jurors in case viewed the manikin. Times photo by Rick Browne in the display window of the Hardy Shoe Store in North Hollywood. The shoes were taken to the judge, who said they were identical to the ones Henderson wore to the preliminary hearing. Herzbrun and the others then got eight pairs of the store's shoes size3 S through 12. plus 16 pairs of two similar-style shoes, and took them to Framen and Scibor-Marchocki. The shoes were measured to a 1000th of an inch, using a Univac 1108 computer, and the measurements were compared to the photograph of the Italian shoe imprint. The findings, read to a jury at Henderson's trial, were: "Thus, the overall conclusion is that the evidence photograph is of a print of a Hardy shoe, probably of size 11." Distance Vital The prosecutor then set out to prove that Henderson would have had to be inches, not feet, away from Jenkins and the girl to see what he said he saw the night of the murder. Among the persons he talked to during this part of the investigation, all of whom later testified at Henderson's trial, were: Rolf Thorvaldson, a civil engineer for the Los Angeles County Road Department, who went out to the field on a night similar to the night of the slaying and took a light meter reading. Reanard R. Lawrence, a South-ern California Edison Co. official, who said the street light closest to the part of the field where the girl was murdered illuminated only 420 feet, which would leave much of the field blanketed in darkness. George Rader, a Federal Aviation Administration air traffic controller in Palmdale, who described atmospheric conditions the night of the slaying, such as the type of clouds, their altitude, visibilities, temperatures and wind velocities. No Shop Light Three persons who had businesses near the field, who said there were no lights in their shops that would have shined on the field that night. But even this was not enough. To prove his case, Herzbrun went to Dr. William J. Kaufmann, director of the Griffith Observatory, and Kaufmann's associate, astronomer Paul Roques, and asked them to recreate the atmospheric conditions the night of the crime. Please Turn to Page 27, Col. 1 the promise of actually increasing the number on campus. It is instead an issue of what kind of students should be served by such a program and how it should operate as separate ethnic units pretty much on their own, or as one unit, under a centralized administration? The debate has pitted many High Potential teachers, staff and students who are opposed to the change against others, including the administrators of UCLA's minority programs, who are backing it. High Potential was uiique in the nine-campus UC system. It differed considerably from the , Educational Opportunities Program (EOP) at UCLA, which enrolled lesser-risk low-income and minority youths and was not broken into specific ethnic sections. In fact, a full 7o7o of all EOP students were qualified by past academic record to enter the university, required less tutoring and counseling and mainly needed financial aid. Please Turn to Page 28, Col. 1 II CAN DEADEN PAIN Doctors Develop Device to Help Nervous System BY HARRY NELSON Timj MMIcil Writer Two Pasadena neurosurgeons have developed an electronic instrument that can be implanted in patients to stimulate or block nerve activity. The instrument, about the size of a 50-cent piece, has the potential of supplementing the central nervous system in ways which may control a variety of disabling conditions, according to Dr. Robert H. Pudenz and Dr. C. Hunter Shelden. "I like to think of it as an artificial nervous system," Pudenz said in an interview. He is director of the Huntington Institute of Applied Medical Research. One of the most promising applications is to kill pain due to terminal cancer or a facial nerve affliction called tic douloureux. May Have Broader Uses But Pudenz, who is a pioneer in the use of artificial stimulators in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), believes his latest creation may have far broader uses. Neurological researchers at a number of institutions around the country are interested in seeing whether it will prevent seizures in epileptics, stimulate muscles in quadruplegics, and control aggressive behavior in monkeys by stimulating certain brain areas. Pudenz has spent the last four years studying the effects of nerve blocking on experimental animals. He said he has learned enough to provide engineers with the specifications for the instrument, which is called a biostimulator. 100 to Be Built This Year General Dynamics Corp., which has been cooperating in the study, will have 100 of the devices built by December, and Pudenz said he will begin using them on patients shortly afterwards. Others have developed biostirnula-tors but Pudenz said his instrument is unique in that it is capable of being programmed to stimulate a nerve from one-tenth of a pulse a second to 21,000 pulses a second. This means it can be adjusted to stimulate a nerve at the rate required to modify that particular nerve's activity. Since nerves control or are intimately involved in a broad range of body activities from muscle stimulation to behavior the device has an unusual range of possible uses. Please Turn to Page 31, Col. 8 CHANCE OF RAIN IN BASIN PREDICTED Scattered, light showers fell in parts of Southern California and clouds gathered in the interior Sunday as a low-pressure system off San Francisco drifted toward the coast. The National Weather Service called for a chance of scattered showers today in the Los Angeles Basin, mainly near the mountains, with clearing weather expected Tuesday. Forecaster Frank Ernst said reports of light amounts of rain were received Sunday from some stations in Santa Barbara and Ventura counties. The low itself is expected to move through central California into Nevada, but moist, unstable air on its southern edge could set off some showers in the Los Angeles area, he said. City of L.A. Pulls In, Ends Chapter of Rails BY DAVID Tlmu Stiff The City of Los Angeles domeliner rumbled into Union Station Sunday two hours late for its own funeral. The once-speedy streamliner groaned and hissed to a stop on track 12 to end its final run across the prairies and mountains from Chicago, a run that red cap Liney Hamilton had serviced for 35 years. Hamilton, 57, stood there next to the 17 dusty yellow cars, surrounded by 50 or 60 people who had come to remember the past, and he knew that an era was ending and part of him was ending with it. . "My friends say, 'Liney, why don't you go out to the airport and be a skycap.'" he said. "And I say for what? I've been with the road since 1936. Sure, jets are nice, but you miss so much. "I've been all over the United States with the road. Every city. Denver, Salt Lake, Cheyenne. Chicago, you name it. Sometimes, back in the days when I was a Pullman porter, I'd be gone for a month. So for us oldtimers, well, it's just time passing by now." 64 Trains Daily in 1939 When Hamilton started at Union Station in 1939, the year it opened, there were 64 trains daily in and out of Los Angeles and 396 red caps. Now there are 52 trains a week and 12 red caps. The City of Los Angeles, like the Pocahontas, Texas Eagle, El Capitan and the Wabash Cannon Ball, succumbed last weekend to an age dedicated to speed as passenger traffic was taken over by the National Railroad Passenger Corp., a quasi-governmental entity known as Am-trak. Many of the 279 passengers who rode the last City of Los Angeles through the Kansas flatlands, over, the Colorado Rockies and across the Nevada desert, were the families of railroad employes traveling on passes. Several dozen persons boarded in Riverside, Pomona and East Los Angeles for the final few miles of the 2,100-mile journey. Les and LaRae Haycock boarded the train in Ogden, Utah. They had driven the 30 miles there from their home in Salt Lake City where the train also stopped to stretch their trip to Los Angeles by an hour. Their two children had driven to Los Angeles earlier in the week and caught the final eastbound City of State Republican Group Rejects 107? wbkxwk. m - ww.w v w w m. BY CARL GREENBERG Timet Political Writer FRESNO After bitter and tumultuous debate, the United Republicans of California Sunday killed a resolution to withhold the GOP nomination from President Nixon in 1972. Delegates to the conservative group's state convention voted 206-153 to table the resolution calling upon the GOP to "draft completely new leadership for 1972," after they heard warnings that the 8,000-mem-ber organization would be committing political suicide. Shortly afterward, they voted 158-129 to urge that Rep. Paul N. Mc-Closkey Jr. (R-Calif.) resign from the Republican Party and from his post in Congress. McCloskey was assailed for. among other things, calling for a "dialog" on impeachment of the President. The volunteer California Republican Assembly last March 21 urged McCloskey to get out of the party. Walt Hintzen of Santa Barbara, reelected state chairman of UROC, Chavez Challenges LA. Rally: Give Up Jobs, Work for Peace Farm labor leader Cesar Chavez Sunday challenged more than 2,600 persons attending a memorial service for the Vietnam war dead to give up their jobs and school and "come to work for the peace movement 24 hours a day." "Nobody will starve," he told the crowd, because "when you work for humanity and justice, people won't let you starve." Chavez was the keynote speaker at the peaceful rally and memorial service in Exposition Park. It was sponsored by the People's Coalition for Peace and Justice a combination of peace, civil rights and welfare rights organizations in conjunction with antiwar activities scheduled across the nation this week. An estimated 200 uniformed police were on the park's perimeter and about 30 plainclothes officers circulated through the crowd, but there were no incidents and no arrests. Chavez' speech was preceded by a memorial service honoring all those killed in Vietnam. Taking part in the service were 50 veterans, most of whom said they had fought in Viet- T Please Torn to Page 31, Col. 8 LAMB Writer Los Angeles back to Salt Lake City Friday. They left the car near Union Station so their parents could head back to Utah after their arrival in Los Angeles. "There weren't any flowers on the dining car tables this time, but ev-' erything else was just like it used to be," said Haycock. "The ham was good, the grapefruit was good, the coffee was good, the service was good. We had a bedroom, and, well, it's just such a neat way to go." . The last city domeliner, whose' running time from Chicago had increased to as much as 46 hours in recent years, was an hour late out of Salt Lake City and was delayed by a freight train near Cajon Pass. But people like Mrs. Wilma Williams of Pico Rivera didn't care. "I was happy just to be on board," said Mrs. Williams, who had taken the final eastbound train to Las Vegas Friday. "It seems so sad that this wonderful era is ending. But I'll save my tears until I get home." Top-Ranking Conductor Her husband, George, 65, was. Union Pacific's top-ranking conductor in seniority. He has been with the line since 1929 and had been making the Las Vegas-Los Angeles run for 15 years. His future is uncertain now. "I guess I'll just be an old freight conductor," he said, swinging off a passenger car for the last time., "Sure I'll miss it, and it'll be a lot harder work, handling 150 box cars. It'll be work then." For more than 30 minutes, the usually deserted Union Station was busy with scores of milling train buffs. They climbed into the two mail cars. They traced their initials on me siaes 01 ine ausiy runmaiis. They took pictures of their children; in front of engine No. 904, the first of the train's five diesel units which at 3:32 p.m. had rolled into Union Station with three long, shrill blasts of its whistle. Then, with a hiss of air brakes, the- ward toward the yards. The passenger cars would be cleaned, sealed and shunted to a siding. The engines would be used to haul freight. Somehow, to people like Liney Hamilton who had spent a lifetime with these trains, the future just didn't seem as glamorous as the past had once been. m m m 4 m m r w mm took the floor to press for passage o! the anti-Nixon resolution. Applause and boos were commingled as the resolution was read by Ray Hasselbring of Santa Barbara. It charged that: "The Nixon Administration has continued a no-win policy in tne Vietnam war and at the same time pursued increased trade with Communist countries with a divisive ef-' feet on American servicemen and citizens. 1MAU11 AUiUlUlDliailUll J1C13 continued deficit spending, increased the national debt, called for a Marxist-inspired guaranteed annual income and otherwise violated ine campaign promises ana positions which led to the election of President Nixon." The resolution urged the Republi-' can Party to "restructure" itself into a iruiy constitutional party ana openly challenge the whole fabric of Please Turn to Page 32, Col. 3 or !' ?l X Cesar Chavez I. .1 m. to .sat...... us . .'af ..:.?.. I f iiii'M amtlmr -"ill -it ultfcui miiirniii - in ii r--i I

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