The Wichita Herald from Wichita, Kansas on September 21, 1878 · 2
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The Wichita Herald from Wichita, Kansas · 2

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Wichita, Kansas
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Saturday, September 21, 1878
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UOOD-MUHT. Good-utKlit! Now the weary rust by rltfht; Auil the busy liuijor U'uJin;! t)vir wui'k thai stiouu umu'liiKj 'loil wo uuro till iniiruins liUt : liooit-uiulitl Go to rest I Close the eyes with .lumber prest; In the etitwU the silnee Kruwiuu Wilkes but to tbi) wntoh-tioru blowing. Sight uiukvi only oue reiutt; tuU rvstl. Elumber sweet I ISleFseil drtmuu each dreamer Rroot lis whom love has kupt fruui ik'epiiitf, lu twee t dreams now o'ur UUu ereepiug May be Uis blovf 4 moot. bluwbcr iwoot! Good-nl'llit t Slumber till tua inoruius Italit i Slumber till the new t j-momiw Comes, mid brawn it own new orrowt We are lu the Father' sijht. (iuod-uiulltl From tin (iwH of Kwriitr. Ike Loudou Times on American Iuycu- tiltlH. Lciidcm'Titiei.l We publish In another column o glowing description of tho mechanical contrivaiuws produced by the Invejitlvo genius ot tho citizens or tho I'n'tod Statos and now exhibited In Paris. Tho New Englander Is nn tnvcntlro animal. We wo told thut "his bruin hus a bias that way." llo Is 'always restless to fix up something In a moro convenient fashion than It has over been fixed up bo-foro. No matter what his training or what his calling, his niiud Is working In a kind of back-yard over sonio Idea for economizing labor that is on tho evo of being realized. "Tho New Englander mechanizes as an old Greek sculptured, as tho Venetian painted, or tho modern Italian ships; a school lias grown up whoso dominant quality, curiously intense, widespread and daring, is mechanical imagination." Something of inventive energy may perhaps be discovered iutheso phrases akin to tho faculty of discovery they glorify; but tho preeminence of tho mechanical genius of tho citizens of tho States may be admitted, and It Is Illustrated, not for tho first tlmo, in tho exhibition In Paris. Our contributor describes thoso wonders, and if, as may bo hinted, they wore equaled, and perhaps outdone, at Philadelphia two years slnco, tno inventions that are exmo-ited in Paris are ouly inferior to tho Phila delphia collection, and should be studied by tho masses that ma not cross the Atian. tic in 1S7S. Tho Stowe "flexible shaft" op- pears to bo one of tho most striking of tho latest productions or iankeo ingenuity, This is a contrivance for carrying power round a corner, out of a window, up a pair of stairs, or wherever elso It may bo want' ed. The operator holds in his liond some' thing that he can turn about as easily as a small garden hose, which it resembles; but wherever ho applies it an auger at tho end does Its work as perfectly as if it were tho extremity of a rigid drill. Tho shaft has been made flexible along Its length with out losing its driving rigidity, and this has been accomplished by winding a cable of steel wires, strand over strand, each sue cossivo strand in the reverse direction from tho preceding. Passing by a crowd of minor notions, " we conio upon the ex hibitof the Waltlmni watch company, which in economical Importance Is, perhaps, superior to any thins? elso shown. Tha rivalry of tho watches of this company has already been felt by our own makers, ana a host tatlng attempt was made last session, in the Interest of tho Coventry manufactur era, to prevent tho watch cases ot tho company receiving tho English stamp which certifies that they are mado of gold It would socm I hat the Walthnra watches may defy all attempts to exclude them in this direct way. Their first claim to public approval was derived from tho extraor dinary nicety of their construction. They were mado with such perfect exactitude that tho parts of all watches of tho same class could be interchanged; ana, production being thus made possible on a largo scnle, cheapness as well as excellence was secured. But tho company have gone on introducing Improvements In their art, and the compensation balance they have do-vlsed seems to have overcome the standing difficulty of tho varying expansibility of the spring and tho whocl. It is said that the delicacy of construction of tho mechanism invented by the company is such that a micrometer they exhibit at Paris measures the 25,000th part of an inch, and might readily be divided under a lens into 100,000th parts. What is tho secret of the inventive activity of our American cousins? Wo are told that it runs in tho blood, for the En-glish descended population of New England has been much more fruitful of inventions than tho descendants of immigrants from other parts of Europe; but tho statistical evidence on this point appears to us to be of dubious authority. If it was clearly established that those 'descended from English parentage are moro inventive than those who have sprung from Dutch, German, or French origins, wo should have to refer the inventive ability of Now England to something else than the opo-ration of patent laws, which aro tho same for all. It must, indeed, be observed in connection with this point that the principle of tho English patent law does not differ in any essential particular from that of the law of the United States, and the facilities offered to the Inventor have, for some considerable time, been much the same on both sides of the Atlantic. There Is, however, one clear reason why mechanical invention should be more devel oped in the United States, than here. It is to be found in the greater efficiency of labor there, and the Increased cost and difficulty of hiring it. A man is driven to invent machines for saving labor because he has such trouble hi getting labor, and It is so expensive whon he does get It. This stimulous comes as a fresh and powerful sroad when the use of many genera tions has been to rely upon help which Is suddenly withdrawn, 'me American nouse wife, though she is hi good position, can- not get the assistance which is so easily procured here, and yet it is something more than a conventional necessity that some of her household work should be taken off her hands. Her husband is wor ried by her household cares; he has to help her In the discharge of them ; and he applies his mind to the task of lightening the labor that cannot no delivered over toothers. The call for labor-suvhig machines Is Ineesaunt, and the maker of them U always sure of his market. There is another circumstance thut tends irivutly to multiply till species of manufacture. The mouhlues In omentum are commonly made la the more settled part ot tho Eastern States, where labor Is comparatively efficient, and they are employed most profitably lit the less settled western States where labor is less efficient. This remark applies more to tho labor-saving machines of agriculture and of manufactures than to those used in the household. Taking such machines from Connecticut for use lu Illinois Is, in fact, buying labor til tho cheapest and selling It In tho dearest market, and the economical advantages are enormous of thus currying what may be called concrete labor in a form that never grumbles about wogea from the At- litntlo to the Mississippi states, we may thus lu some measure understand how in vention conies to bo hi the ah' In the United States. The conditions of the Union as an economic society drive Its In. habitants towards Invention, and there, as elsewhere, necessity may be suld to be Its mother, let wo do not pretend to exhaust tho whole sccivt of the phenomenon of inventive geiilus across the Atlantic Who has evor discovered tho primal causo of tho sudden development of nations lu diverse directions? Tho New Emrlander Invents os tho Venetian pnluted; but what mado tho Venetian school arise in their strength to pass away again past recovery? Can any one explain why, within the short space ot fifty or sixty years, tho Dutch school should wring Into exlstenoe, attain unrivalled excellence, and disappear? To pass to another sphero of art, how came it to pass that an equally snort space ura. matlo poetry rose in Enirland from tho rudeness of GorboJuc to the wonder of Hamlet, and that ix.w an English play is almost an Impossibility? Great convulsive movements of nations, churning life out of the ("tad level of use and want, seem to be connected with these miraculous outbursts of genius; but the secret links of cause and effect remain to be detected. Tho me chailcal developmentof the States belongs to a literature or the glories of art In the Venetian and Dutch republics; but it Is nossioio that there uuderiies all thoso manifestations thut added intensity of national existence which accompanies ana indicates a new-born senso of national freedom. KANSAS SALT MARSHES. of trees at tho north end ot tho marsh, suddenly disappears, and is not again seen till It reappears below the opposite part of the valley, toward the Republican river. A part of this stream, lu Its subtorranoun course, may pass uumlngled with the suit water; out a largo portion must percolate Into the looso soil occupied by tho brine, nd help to dilute what would otherwlso bo a very strong solution. Every Indication tonds to the conclusion that, by an artosiau Doling, Dune can uo obtaiued equal to the 6trougest now used In any purt ot tho United Statos. Scaroely any othor spring west of tho Mississippi gives so strong a brine at tho surface. Tho exteut ot the marsh also shows that the main source ot tho salt cannot lie fur below." Twelvo 6alt springs were granted to the State by Cougress In the act of admission. Those springs are located In llepubllo, Cloud, lilnooln, and aro exceedingly valtia- ble, In other portions of the State salt water has been found, and numerous salt marshes and springs exist. An analysis ot Kansas salt, from Miami county, mado by Dr. C, I. Jacksou, gave tho following result: Chlorldo of sodium (pure lalt) 07.017 Uuioruia oi luuyuooiuui, (murlute ot uittKut-iliii 42 Chlorido ot calcium, (murlato of liuiu) .700 Oxtdo ot Iron Soo balphuteoWcda 'Mi Full Description of the Great Knit Dls tricts of our State. The salt deposits in many portions of tho state are very extensive, and will eventu ally be the basis of a thriving and valuable Industry. Salt is found in crystalized forms, in springs and marshes, and lu solu tlon In water veins which have been dis covered for the most part whilo boring for coal. Largo beds of crystalizcd salt exist in the southwestern portion of the State, south of the great bond of tho Arkansas river. An exploration of those beds has shown them to be from six-twenty-cight inches In depth, in compact form. Tho great salt fields of tho State aro In the northwestern part, and appear at various point3 In a tract of country thirty-fivo miles wide and eighty long, crossing tno itepuoucan, isoionioii and saline val leys, most frequently appearing in salt marshes of considerable extent. A description of a salt marsh, taken from Professor Mudgo's report on tho geology of Kansas, may bo interesting as suggestive of the immense profit In tho ultimate utilization of this vast deposit. It Is a description of what is called the Tuthill marsh, and is as follows: "The valley here Is wide, sometimes rls Ing to tho high prairies so common In that part of tho State. The marsh covers nearly one thousand acres, more or less Impregnated with saline matter. About one-third is entirely void of vogtation, ow ing to tho briny nature of the soil. It is perlectly level, and at the time of our first visit was as white as a wintry snow field with a crust of crvstalized salt. The marsh Is of recent alluvial formation, composed of sand and loam, irom twenty to thirty foet In thickness, brought down by the wash irom the high prairies, which rise gradually on tnroe siaes. in this alluvium, at various dopths, are found the bones of buffalo door and antelope, which have probably mado this a resort for salt for long ages past, as they aro seen to do at tho present time. The incrustation of salt is frequently three-oighths of an Inch in thick ness. This is scraped up, and used in its natural state for salting cattle, etc. ; but for domestic purposes it is melted, by being mixed with about twenty gallons oi water to a bushel of salt, when the mechanl cal impurities, sand, etc., readily sottlo, Tho salt is again retumod to a solid state ty evaporation. The marsh after scraplnar, produces a second crop of salt. In from five to seven days of dry weather, and after re peated scrapings during the last three years, yields as full a sudpIy as at first. The bilno exists In nearly equal quantities and strength in all parts of the marsh, and can bo obtained by boring a few feet or digging pits. No definite salt spring shows itself at the surface; but the supply must come from numerous points below, though originating from one great central reservoir or salt bed. According to the observations of Mr. J. G. Tuthill, who lives near, and has made borings in more than one hundred different places, to depths of twenty or unity ieet, mere is a very unirorm sup ply and strength of brine. The water pre servea ior analysis was oDtained by me from a boring made at random. It was found at four feet from the surface. The density, by salometer, was 24 deg., (6.10 Baume, or specific gravity 1.0421), with the thermometer at 60 deg. This should give a bushel of salt for one hundred and thirty gallons of the water fnot counting the Impurities), which Is three times the strength of the ocean. It was taken at our second visit, immediately after a heavy rain, whloh must have diluted the brine. Tho marsh reoelves the drainage of the valley slope of about five miles from the north, and two miles in width, consequently the brine, as It coices from the source below, must be constantly weakened by so largo a body of surface water. That from tho north comes down in a stream ten or fifteen feet wide.and about a foot in depth.ln a sluggish current; and when near a clump 100,000 TWAIN AND SELLEKS. How ClrmetiH tuut Warner Came to Write Their AlleytA Xovet. New York Bun. Mark Twain conceived tno Idea of The Gilded Ago" when ho was suffering from a prolonged fit of tho blues. He proposed to write a story with a moral, and he told Charles Dudley Warner that ho wanted that moral so plainly put that he who ran might read. It was high time for tho American peopio to bo awakened. Tho American people were awakened to the extent of $14,000, which Mark Twain and Dudley Warner pocketed in six months' time from the sale of the book; heiethe equal division of profits ended, however; for John T. Raymond says that he has paid Mark Twain 00,000 royalty on tho play, whilo it Is a secret that Dudley Warner sadly tries to keep that Mark Twain paid him $1,000 for his half interest In any dramatization. Tho discrepancy Is said to have arisen oecauso Warner re garded the book, when the last sheet was tossed on tho floor still wet with ink, as tho most successful piece of American humor, while Mark Twain gravely remind ed Warner that any such view of it taken by tho American people would ruin the Influence for a better 6tato of public mor als which it was intended by mm to exert, Warner stuck to his oplulon, and Mark Twain to his. Twain was surprised and grieved to learn that tho public so far agreed with Warner as to characterize It as an attempt at humor. lho two men shooit hands over it under the buet of Calvin, in Mark Twain's den, and then Warner sailed for Europe to spend tho money the book had brought him, whilo Mark Twain remained behind to negotiate with John T. liaymond. An intimate friend of both.tn an unguard ed moment, revealed tho secret of tho way hi which tho book came to bo written. This is said to have led to a temporary estrangement from Parson Joe iwicheil, upon whose shoulders Mark Twain foisted tho "punch-with-care" burden, and after ward told about it In tho Atlantic Monthly. An estrangement from Parson Twichell wa3 wide-reaching in its effects, for it re suited in Mark Twain's absenting himself from the family pew on Sundays, and strangers staying in Hartford over Sunday are somewhat in tho habit of seeking Twlehell's church and quietly asking tho sexton to seat them as near Mark Twain's pew as possible. Tho story the intimate mend toils is this: One evening hi the summer of 18' Dudley Warner and hl3 wife dropped in upon Mark Twain, who had been gloomily smoking clay pipes In his den all the week, Even the cheeiy Joo Twichell had been unable to shake him from hi3 melancholy "If you look from your den window to tho northeast, tho parson would say, "you can see where Gen. Hawlcy lives. and his success ought to encourage you, "But that makes me thhik of politics, and they are a curse. "Well, look ovor across ths street, and you can see where Jewell lives. You know ho began life with his shirt sleeves rolled up and his arms to tho elbow in a tan vat, "Now, don't! He reminds me of mails and letters, and they are an abomination, "Well, there's Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe's house next door. See what name she made after discouragements, "But slavery Is gone now." "Well, there's Dudley Warner's 'Summer in a uoraen over there. lou can almost soe tho pusiey from here." "That settles It. I'll get Warner hero to-night and bother him about pusiey. So Warner came around, and during the evening spoke of a recent American novel. "It's atrocious what bosh is written for American novels now," Warner said. "I believe I could write a better novel myself." "You! You write a novel!" said Mrs. Warner, and she laughed. "Why, you can't write anything except about pusiey in your garden." "Warner Is quite right," Mark Twain drawled out. "I have for a long tlmo folt that I could write a better story than any American novelist." Then It was his wife's turn, and when she controlled her merriment, she said: "You write a story! Why, all that you can do Is to write about jumping frogs." "Let's write a story, Warner, and show these women what we can do." Mark Twain's blues had departed, and he pulled Warner up stairs to his den, lighted a clay pipe, and talked it over rapidly as he can talk about sixty words to tho minute, about half the ordinary rate. "Don't let's tell Twichell until it's done," Mark Twain suggested, "because we want to surprise him, you know." The story was to be highly dramatic, strictly moral, and to have a point. Warner suggested that too many novels had points, and Mark Twain said that it wouldn't do to have a pointless novel, and he wnsjdlsposed to reprove Warner when the author of the "Summer in a Garden" suggested thut people would take Murk's most serious attempt as designed to be funny, That's lust It, Warner. I want to write something so serious that It can't be mis. taken for fun." It behig decided that tho storv was to teach a lessou, tho two authors found themselves brought up short In trying to uovmu wnui uie lesson was to be, and they prepared to ninko a night cf it, forgetting all ubout the wives below. Warner had a dim Idea about the evils of 6eculutlon, whilo Mark Twain thought something ou mo emus or tho religious teaching of tho present day would do. and ho trot warm about It. At length Warner said that ho onco know a man who would mako a first-rate char acter for a novel; and then ho told Murk Twain about Col. tscliol Sellers, who hud ulways been Just on tho point of making urn minions. "That's tho thing," said Mark Twain, name and all." Warner protested against the nmue. be- cause he wus afraid thut they might hem1 irom mou Betters, out JiurK Twain was stubborn and said that the character and namo were just the foundation for a novel showing the dangerous effect of tho ten- dency to speculate. So they decided to muni a novel upon tol. Eflchol Sellers. Each was to write a certain amount every day, meet in Alark Twain's den at night and lit the ends together, lav out tho work for tho next day, and talk It over. Murk Twain was enthuslustlc. Ho insisted that Col. Sellers would be recognized as a sad typo of tho prevailing American evil, and thut pooplo would bo beuelltted by tho warning. Warner had some doubts about tho peopio looking at Col. Etthol Sellers as portrayed In "The Glided Age" In Just tnat way. The manuscript was finished in just a month from tho day on which it hud been begun, and Mark Twain, who has a nor ror of writing tho headings of chapters. thought that it would bo desirable to get vi J. tiammona Trumbull, tho linguist. sometimes described as the only man who can road Eliot's Indian Bible in tho original, to write tho chapter headings in sonio unrorgotten language with unknown alpha bets. This Dr. Trumbull gladly dld.and It explains those queer headings which made more talk than Col. Sellers did when the book appeared. Mark Twain has elnco said that he was glad one book had been published which contained something that even the critics had to admit they did not understand. "The Gilded Age" sold rapidly at first. and Mark Twain assured Warner that tho Eeoplo were accepting Col. Sellers, as ho ad known all along they would, in all so-rlousness. But tho sale suddenly stoppod. Mark could not understand it, until Parson Twicncu torn mm that uio trouble was that the book was too serious. Tho pub lie would accept nothing from him that was not funny, and they had been do- ceived in this book. They bought it for fun, and found it a sad, solomn storv, with a moral. Mark accepted tho explanation but Dudley Warner's friends say that the book stopped selling when tho public found out how bad it was, and Warner admits it. However, tho profits to the authors were ?14,000, and would have boen 2,000 moro had not Warner's prediction, when Murk Twain proposed to use Col. Eschol Sellers' name, como true. Dudley Warner sat in his editoral chair in the Hartford Courant office one day, so tho Intimate friend says, a few weeks after "Tho Gilded Ago" had been published. Tho door opened, and a tall man, with a broad-brimmed hat, stood on tho threshold. Whon Warner looked up and caught tho tall man's eye, he felt a growing son-sation of weakness, and wished that Mark Twain was there. The card that the tall man handed him, as Warner know without looking at It, boro the name of Col. Eschol Sellers. Only a few words passed between them, and after the interview was over, Warner hastened to Mark Twain's house. Monoy or a suit was Col. Eschol Sellers' ultimatum. There was a meeting of lawyers, and Col. Eschol Sellers left Hartford 2,000 richer, and with tho popmiso that all subsequent editions should appear with the namo changed to Col. Berlali Sellers. This explains-why In a fow copi of thcos "Gilded Age" the name appears as Col. Eschol and in all 'others as Col. Beriah. In this respect, Mark Twain's prophecy, that Col. Eschol Sellers would bo a serious reality, was fulfilled. John T. Tvaymond did not liko Beriah, and substituted Mulberry whon he dri-matized the story. Also, John has a story of his own to tell about the bargain with Mark for the right to dramatize the story. Whon he buys another play, John says that he must put tho pound of flesh In the bond, and then ho von't be ruined when pay time comes. First Senatorial Election. Senator Ingalls has contributed an Inter esting rello to the collections of the State Historical Society, which is explained in the following letter accompanying It: Atoaison, Kansas, Sept. 7, 1878. Hon. F. Q. Aaams, Topoka: , Dear Sib: I enoloso the original tally lists kept by mo aa Seoretary of the Joint convention tnat elected tno urst united States Senator from tho State of Kansas at Topeka, In April, 1861. The paper marked (1) shows the vote with the changes made by each member of the Legislature during the progress, of the ballot. The paper marked (2) shows the state of the vote when the balloting closed, and is tho sheet from which the result was announced. The whole number of votes In tho Legislature was 100. There were two abson-tees in the House on tho day of the Convention, making the total present 98. Dur ing the progress of the balloting the highest number of votes received by Lane was 64; by Parrott, 60; by Pomeroy, 62; by Stanton, 20. Whon the result was announced Lane had 66 yotos; Pomeroy, 62; Parrott, 49; Stanton, 20; Kingman, 4; Delahay, 2; Isaacs, II; Conway, 1; Hous ton, l. Thinking these papers may have some interest hereafter, and that they will be safer with tho Historical Society than with me, I Inclose them for custody In your archives. Eespeotfully, JohhJ. Ihgalls X TALK ABOUT ALHUATUKS. Jh Ull I.uuUltmo Jluut-r TflU Ufc'if 11 Kuvtri 4boul Jikm. A corresKjndeiit ot the St. Louli Utile Dtmocrat has come upon a couple of huntsmen down In Texas, one of whom he found exceedingly communicative upon alligators. They were returning after a week' sport bhoothig "prairie chickens" in the grout plain bordering on Braaos river. Ouo of them was a native and long resident of Louioluuu, and proceeded to give, In detail, what he knew about ailiga- low in general, and his success in hunting them on this particular occasion. Ho had no Idea he was talking to a newspaper man, and gave full veut to bis "experi ence." During the hunt front which tho old idnirod was just returning, ho and his companions came to a phuitutlon on the ruinous Oyster creek lauds, the place being cultivated by Colouel Custleton, In Port Bend county. On the farm U a beautiful lake, and lu this lake the notorious alligator has made his homo from the earliest recollections. While sitting under tho shudu ot some trees on its bunks, tho hunter's dogs leaped Into tho lake and swum to the center. Here their preseuco frightened froui their 6ummer snoozes a school of alligators young, old, male and female. The saurlaiis, with their long, saw-liko snouts above the surface, beat tho water with their serrated talis, and struck a bee-lino tor shore. The hunters were- Immediately on tho alert, and taking their " stands," awaited their Approach. Finally tho nhurods "tore looso" tt thera with their shot-guns, aiming for tho small, plg-llko eyes of the amphibiansthat be-lng the most vulnerable part ot tho alligator. They were successful. One after another was killed until five alligators were counted among the trophies. Gen-cially whon ono was hit ho dived, but camo up again, and lay a floating carcass on the surface ot the lake, his shining bcl-ly glittering like burnished gold In the August sunlight One old "bull" was harder despatched than his brethren. Ho wus 12 feet long, his back was rough with the rust ot several decades, and at tho first 6hot his upper Jaw turned upward on its hinges, displaying a regulurrow of formidable teeth. This old alligator brouo-ht down his upper jaw on the lower with a sudden snap of rage, beat the water with his tall Into a white foam, and bellowed with a sort of half roar. Ho then divod, but roso again, and after much floundering, turned over on his back, dead. "Well, that's pretty good for Texas," remarked the correspondent. "Oh, well, stranger, that's nothln' to what I have seed In Louisiana. In the fust place you think an alligator 12 feet long is a mighty big one, I reckon?" "It's about as long as ever I saw." "That's only a moderate sized one. I've seed 'em in Louisiana all of 20 feet, and body In proportion. That was In tho bayous near the 6ea coast." "That's very large, I should judge. However, I know but little about your "alligators." ' "Iduz. You can tell mo nuthln' 'bout alligator. In Louisiana they hunts thom like any other animal." "What for? I don't see what they could make out of it except the 'sport of tho thing.'" "I can tell you. Thar's tho He. Tho alligator makes the best lie In tho world. I've known bar'ls and bar'Is made out of 'em. Then thar's the hide. It makes fust rate boots and shoes, ouly a triflo leaky, pr'aps. If a man makes a bizincss of it, alligator huntin' will pay. The hunt-in' is done in this way: You get into a boat a small skiff will do. You take a torch and a gun. The bright light draws tho 'gators, who flock around tho boat, and you can jest set In a shoothi' of 'em." "Thar's one pecooliarity obout thom I guoss you never dreamed of." "What's that?" "They cany in their mouth a reglir bag orllttlo bladder o' musk, just thesamo as a rattlesnake carries a bag of poison bohind its fangs." "I've heard they eat when hard up for a meal?" "I've never soen 'em do it, but have heam they do when travelin on land in tho pine woods of Florida." "What's their diet, anyhow?" . "They like flsh, but are death on slch animals as come in their way, sich as hogs and dogs, of which the 'gator is very fond. When assaultln' their prey they generally do it with their long tails, "which are used to bring the victim to their mouths. Thar mouths and tails meet, makin' a circle of thar bodies." "They attack men sometimes?" , "Seldom ever. The alligator is a real coward and always afeard of men. I've swam toward 'em many a timo in tho bayous, and they always got out of tho way." llghtwood knots The State University. Jjawrenoe Tribiuie.l lho number of persons registering at the University, since August 2Uth, has been as follows: August 29, 13; August 30, 18; August 31, 20; Sept. 2, 83; Sept. 4, 86; Sept. 6, 146; Sept. 6, 188; Sept. 7, 149; Sept. 0, 75. Total, 808. Outside of Kansas tho following Statos and countries were represented by the annexed number of people: Missouri 44, Illinois 24, Ohio 17, Iowa 8, Pennsylvania 6, Colorado 4, Massachusetts 4, Wisconsin 4, Utah 2, Kentucky 2, Indi-ana 2. Michigan 2, Texas 2, and Louisiana, Florida, New York, Nebraska, England and Canada one each. Total, 129. It Is estimated that the total number of visitors was one thousand. Small pamphlets, describing tho apparatus, and giving fha AMirai) r9 Inofrnnl-.inTi trvrftt.hAi wit,ll other information, were given to each one, and the bread thus cast upon the waters must return abundant harvest. Influence of Wealth. Whon men die of intemperate habits the announcement of their fate is graduated by the local paper to tho amount ot money left behind, ap follows: 81,000 In debt ''Jimilun8,, $50 in debt "Died druuk" Square with the world "Delirium tremens" $50 in bank "Mania-u potu" (300 in bank "Occasional sprees" i 11,000 in bank "Chronio alcoholism" ! 15,000 in bank "Alcoholism" i;lO,008 in bank , "Inebriety, $25,000 in bank "Dissipated habits he was led iuto" f 50,000 in bank Softening of the brain" 100,000 in bank "Apoplexy" 500,000 in bank "Oyerwork" (of elbow) $2,000,000 la bank "Norvous chill"

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