The Pittsburgh Courier from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on February 17, 1968 · Page 1
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The Pittsburgh Courier from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 1

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Saturday, February 17, 1968
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f I fflmg, EiMidftidl . .. . . Jl 6 - A 1 DR. M. L. KING By ETHEL L. PAYNE IVi CITTXTnTTWT TV. - - l. - t. . iinuuuiuiun me iirsi major ciasn ueiween Martin Luther King Jr. and Stokely Carmichael took place last week when the black power advocate , and about 115 militant extremists took over a closed ? meeting of the Southern Christian Leadership Con - 111. mt - . . ierence canea to discuss strategy for , the Spring mobilization of poor people in the nation's capital. King had invited Carmichael and representatives of some 65 other groups in the city to meet with him and SCLC board members who were holding a two - day conference here. Stokely arrived with his bearded cohorts from Gaston Neal's New School of African Thought. Dr. King was in the midst of explaining his J philosophy of non - violence and how it should be ap plied to the poor peoples' campaign. Scheduled to follow him was Rev. Bernard Lafayette who is heading up the program activity for the march. Lafayette is young and aggressive and speaks the language of the militants. Midway in Dr. King's remarks, there was a rumble in the back of the long hall of the Church of the Redeemer, Presbyterian, where the conference was going on. The room doubles as meeting place and dining area and connects by a foyer to the main sanctuary. At this point Carmichael stormed out and was soon followed by all of the Black Power militants. They went into the church and proceeded to set up their own meeting. Using storm trooper tactics, Stokely's personal bodyguards posted themselves at the door to the sanctuary and screened incoming persons, many of them SCLC board members. Among them was Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker of New York, former executive director of SCLC who challenged the right of the guards to bar people from coming in. Walker brushed past them and entered the church. Meanwhile, Lafayette and Rev. Jesse Jackson of Chicago, who directs "Operation Breadbasket." angrily surrounded Stokely and in language laced with the jargon of the street they gave him a hair - shirt working over. In short, they demanded to know what he was trying to do disrupt for sheer kicks and humiliate King or take over the whole proposed march. It was an ironic situation since King and members of his board had been meeting in the church all day and had invited Stokely to join with them in the discussions. It was plain that Stokely wanted to create the impression that it was he who had called the meeting and that Dr. King and SCLC members were there at his (Stokely's) behest. Dr. King and his group in a gesture of conciliation did move from the meeting hall to the sanctuary and Carmichael then asked him to speak. The meet - Continned Ob Page 4 fL 1 S mini. - a I f X t STOKELY CARMICHAEL NAIIUNALfT I miTiAM 1 1 lit' NEW )( : & J 5S" America's fzr Best Weekly ibb bbbb m m mm VOL. fiO No. 7 FEBRUARY 17, 1968 Two Sections 16 Pages 20c Must Rehire Race Teachers RICHMOND, VA. Retroactive pay for five Negro teachers and rehiring of two was ordered by the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals here last week in an appeal brought by the NAACP Legal Defense Fund aggainst the Ashmore, N.C. school system for the academic year 1963 - 66. The ruling reversed the lower court decision over whether the board had violated the 1964 Civil Rights law firing the Negro teachers when it shifted Negro students to nine white schools, closing the Ne - gr. SHOT mm Probe Shows Race Tensions Growing WASHINGTON - Although the full official analysis of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders which was to make a year's study of thejation's nto internal situation won't be reportir. - uuUl early A " i - ' - LjA Jmm March, just before the early Spring confrontations, it was being said here that a six - month's survey of the problem has led probers to believe:. . ,. 1. That virtual apartheid system of separation between the races to varying extents exists both North and South in the United States and that the separation is steadily growing more acute and more recognized in actual everyday liv ing. It resembles to some ex tent the South African system. 2. That the racial situation in America will almost certain ly and probably has to get even worse before it can be remedied. 3. That although few of the panel members will predict publicly that another "long, hot summer" of even greater violence between the races is almost surely to occur, most admit privately that this is the realistic outlook. The Commission is privately of the opinion that conditions in the ghettos of the nation have changed little since last year except that an increase in the surliness of the disad vantaged is steadily taking place and a corresponding de Continued On Page 4 TOUGH LIVING Stepped up enemy action isn't the only hardship facing U.S. troops in Vietnam these days. This is also monsoon season, which means adapting to wet weather. Still, despite soaked clothes, jungle rot, flu, pneumonia and colds, the war must be fought on. The two soldiers above, members of. the First Air Cavalry Division are shown under rain filled skies on patrol in - the Central Highlands of South Vietnam. Kennedy Fights For Strong Rights Bi WASHINGTON After almost a month of extended debate the Administration's civil rights bill was still stalemated this week, with 35 Senators lining up behind Senator Robert F. Kennedy (Dem. - N.Y.) in a joint vow to prevent any dilution or weakening of the measure and with President Johnson asking for another law to curb agitators from crossing state lines in answer to some Senate critics of his civil rights bill. It was said that President Johnson's bill was carefully worded so as not to curb free speech or peaceful assembly Senator John L. McClellan, (Dem. - Ark.) had told the Senate that the Johnson Administration's civil rights bill, which would protect Negroes or workers engaged in civil rights activities, was a measure to protect civil rights agitators and might be used to harass police and national guardsmen trying to stop riots. President Johnson also endorsed anti - riot legislation in the same speech he made after Senator MeClellan's remarks and in which he called for curbing of - agitators crossing "But' it does give the Federal government the power to act ej to improve chances,Law Guards Want Use Of Lash PARCHMAN, Miss. When a group of Mississippi legislators who form the joint Mississippi Legislative Peniten tiary Committee arrived at in famous Parchman Prison Farm last week to investigate the reasons for a little pub licized riot recently in Camp No. 5 of the prison, they were asked by guards to restore legal use of the lash. Use of the lash in prisons was outlawed by the State Legislature more than four years ago after Negroes who demonstrated in various Mississippi areas for equal use of public accommodations and for the right to register to vote, were loaded by busloads and transported as much as 200 miles away to Parchman prison in vain attempts to intimidate blacks from engaging in organizing protests for their rights. Some of the persons taken to Parchman included noted doctors and even psychologists who later told the world of the horrors perpetrated on civil rights workers at Parchman Prison Farm. A result of the expose was the 1964 U.S. Civil Rights Law filllBlllfiiSB Pu ifSlBKifti DRESSED TO KILL Two men dressed as women, may have new wardrobes this week after they robbed a Pittsburgh bank of $8,284. The men, who wore pants under their skirts and failed to try to disguise their voices, were caught by an automatic camera as they made their escape with the loot and pistol. They are still being sought by police. IN RACE FOR CONGRESS Evers Sees Good Chance Of Win In Mississippi JACKSON, Miss. - Charles Evers, the Negro, who is the NAACP Mississippi field sec retary on leave and who is responsible more than anyone else for having so many registered voters, both Negro and white, in that state, figures he has a pretty good chance to win the special congression al election for the seat vacated by newly - elected Gov. John Bell Williams. state lines. The Johnson speech was a me 1965 u.i. voting Kignts against those who might move jof the Administration civil around the country inciting or!rights bm which was juiuiug iu uic tciiui ui xiuta, Atty. - General Ramsey Clark described the bill to newsmen. threatened at the time by an Continued On Page 4 Last week, three sergeants of the prison guard force told the legislative committee that it takes the fear of the lash to control many prisoners. NEW CHIEF - Tuskegee, Ala., which already has an elected Negro sheriff, now gene Harrison, 31, was named police chief last week by the city's biracial City Council, has a Negro police chief. Eu - Evers said so in a speech on the courthouse steps here last week. Evers said: "John Bell Williams, the present Governor, was the biggest vote - getter in the history of this congressional district. Well, the highest vote he ever got was 17,000." But it will most likely be different this time. There are now more than 75,000 Negroes registered in the Third Congressional District alone in which Evers is running for Bell's vacant seat. Wants Open Housing To Become Law WASHINGTON The Johnson Administration which failed to pass the full open - occupancy law which the nation really needs last year and which has little chance of even getting a limited step - at - a - time housing law through Congress this year, has asked the U.S. Supreme Court, emphasizing the name of U.S. Atty. - General Ramsey Clark, to hand down a decree that open - occupancy. Continued On Page 4 Of course there are 125,000 white voters but Williams ex pects to get a good many hun dreds of their votes since he is pointing his campaign to both the white and black poor in the district. ' The situation in the Third Congressional District is typi cal of that all over the state where some 80 per cent of all the Negroes eligible to vote are now registered due to Charles Evers efforts. Not to be outdone by Ne groes, whites who sued to not even bother to come out to the polls for even a congres sional election are also taking an avid interest in politics. And some of them are think ing about everything in a new light. Evers feels confident that he can pull practically all of the votes of registered Negroes plus those of many whites. And that right there is the po tential majority. Says Evers: "We're out to win this thing the first time out - on Feb. 27 - and I think we can do it. We're shooting for a majority of the total vote cast in the primary. Then there can be no ganging up on us m a run - off two weeks later. Evers points out that there already are seven white can didates running and that two more are scheduled to announce this week. Eyewitnesses Rap Troopers ORANGEBURG, S.C. Black citizens from one end 1 of the country to the other were expressing indignation this week over the brutal and senseless killing of three South paroling State. College students by white plainclothes members of the S.C. Law Enforcement Division (SLED). Charges of' police terror ranged from : the campuses of South Carolina State and Claflin, where most of the disturbances o f a h orror filled week took place, into the deep recesses of the black ghetto where unrest has been smoldering for months. Civil Rights leaders, such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Sto kely Carmichael, Rap Brown Roy Wilkins and Floyd Mc - Kissick all expressed anger over killings that have been described as "wanton and unnecessary," by eyewitnesses. The killings came in the wake of demonstrations by students from S. C. State who had been attempting to integrate an all - white bowling alley in the city of Orange burg. Some 600 National Guards men, alerted by Gov. Robert E. McNair after the second night of disorders following the picketing of a white - only bowling alley by a group of some 15 Negro students from South Carolina State College, swarmed onto the campus with the state troopers and plainclothes officers as the students protested on the cam pus grounds at a bon - Qre rally. The state troopers opened fire on the youthful students and three Negro teen - agers fell dead after the plainclothes officers attempted to have the fire extinguished on grounds that students were "burning the grass on state - owned school grounds." Na - Continued On Page 4 IN ARK. PRISONS Death Probe Sought LITTLE ROCK, Ark. The NAACP has asked U. S. Atty. General Ramsey Clark to send Justice Department investigators to Cummins and Tucker Prison Farms" to probe abuse of Negroes in the state's prisons and the murders of hundreds of inmates over the years since the turn of the century on the 15,000 - acre and more prison plantations. Meanwhile, news media Continued On Page 4 Congressional Seat Sought By Prisoner BERKELEY. Calif. In California where white rightist groups have abounded long before and since the Watts and other racial riots, there is a possibility that a second Negro congressman, in addition to Los Angeles' Augustus Hawkins, will be elected in near future years, and Bay Area Negroes in the Black Panther political movement have advanced a Negro candi date, Huey P. Newton, in pri son and facing trial on cop - murder charges. The Black Panthers who convinced the Peace and Freedom Party, which gathered 105,000 voters signatures last year to get its name on the ballot, to boost Newton's name for nomination to Congress on their ticket, claim that New ton is not guilty of murdering a cop. They say that the police trailed and ambushed Newton while he was driving his car as a peaceful citizen but at the same time the outspoken leader of a group of black militants. At a time when California's white rightists were being raided by Federal agents who turned up several huge arsenals of weapons and munitions and at least two rightist conspiracies to wage genocide on the nation's Negro populace were uncovered in the state, a group of Negro militants, the Black Panthers, led by Huey P. Newton visited the California Legislature to lobby against lack of a law against gun - carrying. At the end of one day's session in the California Assembly gallery, at least a dozen of Newton's followers suddenly unfurled an abundance of rifles, shotguns and other ammunition, in open view, which Continued On Page 4

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