Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on December 17, 1961 · Page 24
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 24

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Logansport, Indiana
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Sunday, December 17, 1961
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THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS. LOGANSPORT. INDIANA ipp^i*^*-^^ ~" Fan of AH Kindt '* Puzzles—Stories— | Things to Do—Pen PoliJ These young fellows are making sure that their little friend will not be a maverick. Cowboy 'Lingo' Can Be Traced Back To Words trom All Over the WorW How many of you are •western movie fans? Do you get a kick out of "watching cowboys, cattle and coyotes run up against all kinds of dangers? As you en joy .these exciting shows do you ever get curious as to where the symbols and picturesque lingo of the Old West got their start? Take the term "cowboy," for instance. Chances are you think the first cowboys in our country were daredevil, saddle-hardened fellows who rode fast horses over our western plains. But, that's where you're wrong. • Actually, the first cpwboys In this country were Easterners—living in New York State—who were Tory supporters of the British cause during the Revolutionary War. It wasn't until well into the 1800s that the chap-cla.d cowr/)kes living in the West became known as cowboys. Cattle drives are a well- known symbol of the Old West, but the first cattle drive in our country took place in 1655 in the East, along the Old Bay Path which ran between Springfield and Boston, Mass. John Pynchon, son of a pioneer settler and first American meat packer, was in charge of this cattle drive. There were no' cattle in America when it was discovered by Columbus, but when the Spanish settlers made their second voyage to the New World they brought with them a supply of long-horned cattle. These cattle were eventually taken into Mexico to be raised on -Spanish ranches. They spread out over the grazing lands of northern Mexico, and it was these •laf-ge, long-legged critters with their enormous branching horns who were the ancestors of the "longhorn" cattle of California and Texas.. No one knows just when or where the branding of cattle started, but the practice can be traced back through-the centuries to the ancient Chinese who burned pictorial symbols on the hides of then- cattle, and to the .Egyptians, who drew pictures in their tombs, depicting the branding of their herds. It was the Spaniard settlers who intro- duced branding to. mis continent,'- along with their cattle. ' It might be interesting to see how the term "maverick" came into being. Each rancher who had cattle grazing on the western plains, branded his cattle with an iron that bore his specific brand. One Texas cattle owner, named Mave- Tick, stated that he had no branding iron, and that he had the right to claim any unbranded cattle found on his range 'as his property. • Mr. Maverick made a fortune with this system, and was responsible for a new western word being 'born: "maverick,"' which means, unbranded animal, especially, a motherless calf. The term "ranch" which started out as the Spanish word, "rancho," originally meant a group ( of men who ate together, usually herdsmen or some" such workmen. Eventually the word's mean- ing cnangeu iroui a ucatuy- tion of people, to become a description of a type of property. The, word "prairie" was originally a French word meaning, "broad meadows,". and in 1682, an Englishman introduced 'the descriptive word to his country. When our West began to develop, someone pulled this word'out of his vocabulary and put it to use to describe the vast stre-tches of our western plains. Spain has supplied several of the words in cowboy lingo, "broncho," which in Spanish means rough and wild; "mustang," meaning strayed and wild; "h o m b r e," meaning man; "sombrero," the cowboy's broad-rimmed hat, which in Spanish means shade; and "arroyo," meaning small stream or dry bed of a stream. . — Erma Reynolds Here Is Capt. Hal's List Of Pen Pals for You— WANT PEN PALS? Print your name, address and age, send to Captain Hal, care of this newspaper. These read- f*rc Watti" lpftPT"5 frOlTl YOU crb Wall* HJfcl>Ci3 iiuiu juu. All you have to do is write them. * * * Joyce Honna, P.O.. Box 132, .Paauilo, Hawaii. Age: 11. Lorna Kimura, Box 77, Paauilo, Hawaii. Age: 11. Shirley Jolin, Box 359, Ulster Park, N.Y. Age: 10. Janice Best, Route 1, Fan- Oaks; N.C. Age: 14. Linda Johnson, Box 359, Ulster Park, N/Y. Age: 12. Sandra Denning, 815 E. Walnut St., Goldsboro, N.C. Age: 12. UoAnn Korling, 5714 Oakes Ave., Superior, Wis. Age: 8. Nellie Pierce E. Benne Terre, Mo. Route' 1, Box 11. Age: 16. ' Vicky Saucier, 822 Ducayet, Pascagoula, Miss. Age: 11. Sandy Smith, Route 1, Box 72, Pass Christian, Miss. 'Age: 11, Juliana Murray, R.D. No. 1, Windham, Ohio. Age: 9. Karon Baker f ,R,D. No. 3, Box 81 MpvprsHalp. Pa. APP: 14 Linda Morse, R.F.D. No. 2, Lisbon Falls, Me. Age: 12. Paula Hood, 2624 Cory Ave., Akron 14, Ohio. Age: 9. Puzzle Answers - 3 33V 3HVJ.S TOVTTO iT LlLj V 1 IWA VTTVW V Llj L V ]1<L 5OW DuJAl. <s. •UNUWViU •31 aii 'ajrd 'a^ids •siidsv :SDNIdV3H3S '^HSpJEA :UJE£ '.\s-s[o£. '3inppOjC iftioa) SuiiJeajC !(3°P) Sntdp^ .'jjio/C :33{OjC IpiB^ : SQHOAV nXii •asoi 'S8io 'soja "aaog" 'leap 'aisp 'pE8H : Q3iareVHOS • •miflAA CCAV1 Science Designs Clothes— Silver Suits Protect Our Spacemen From the reports that satellites ;send back from "space, scientists :are deciding just what is the best kind" of work clothes'for use in outer space, To meet space travel needs they have designed the 1 U.S. Air Force's MC-2 full pressure suit, which has been.nick- named the "silver suit" because of its silvery aluminized outer covering. The pilots of the X-15 wear this MC-2 suit when they ACROSS Affirmative reply Sailor's direction School subject 7 Moist • • 10 Accomplish 11 Musical note 12 Dined, 14 Prohibit 15 Meadow 17 Lock opener DOWN 1 Still 2 Printer's measure 3 Stitch 5 Girl's name 6 Decay 8 Age . - 9 Number 13 Forest animal 14 Body of water 16 Early English (ab.) SCRAMBLE Scramble "what you with a book" and have challenge"; scramble again and have "a term of endearment." Scramble "a painful spot" and have "a god of love"; repeat and have "native metals"; once more and have "a flower." "Y" WORDS Puzzle Pete says there are nine things or acts beginning .with a "Y" in Cartoonist, Cal's gwde their rocket plane' at I made of a special material record breaking speeds. When called a "distorted angle fabric" that keeps the .air pressure from leaking between, ;he threads. Ozone-resistant plastic coats the suit to pro- ;ect the pilot or astronaut if ie has to leave his ship at 15 miles up. At this height ozona —a corrosive gas<—would eat holes in ordinary cloth or rubber and would burn unprotected, skin. sketch. Can all? Eight is you find them "excellent." BEHEADINGS Behead (remove the first letter) "to reach for" and have "a steeple','; behead this and have a variation of "a funeral'pile"; again and have "anger"; once more and have "a musical note." DIAMOND Puzzle Pete has used FOLIAGE (tree leaves) as the center of his word diamond this week. The second word is an abbreviation for "months"; third "a Mediterranean island"; fifth "to look fixedly"; and sixth "years of one's life." Complete the diamond: F 0 L FOLIAGE A G E Photo Facts (6) by Bill Arter ITTAKES A LONGTIME TO PROPERLY EXPOSE A PHOTO (EXCEfTWITH FAST FILM UKfTRI-X) THROUGH A PINHOLE. THIS- IS BECAUSE ITADMITS SO LITTLE LI6HT. SqWHYNOrUSEALARSEHOlE? BECAUSE IT ADMITS MANYWS • FROM EACH POINT AND FORMS AFUZZYIMAGE. ' ' -• T06ETA"FAST*CAMEf?A,WE NEED TO ADMIT LOTS MORE UGHT-ANDTHENFINDAWAY TOBENDTHEf&YSSOTHEYCQME TO A SHARP "FOCUS'... WE KNOWTHAT SOMETHING CALLED <A'LENS* WILL DO THE TRICK- | LIKE THIS... BUTHOWDOESAIENSWORK? LI6HTRAY5 ARE B6NTASTHEY PASSTHROU6H A TRIANGLE OF GLASS CALLED A'PRISM: TWO PRISMS CAN BEND TWO SPREADING RAYS SO THEYCOMET06ETHER A6AJN. THESIDE VIEW OFA tEHS LOOKS ABOUT LIKE THE TWO PRISMS. BUTTHE CONSTANTLY CHAW6W6 CURVE OF ITS SURFACES MEANS IT CAN BEND - •, MILLIONS OFRAY5 FROM A POINf SOTHEYCOME • T06ETHER AS A SINSLEPOINFA6/M N. ' ggUT MILLIONS OF RftiS'eOME FROM •Ml U.IONS OF POINTS/ CAN A LENS SnUMAKEASKN?PIMA6E? • ^~MOK£fl/£Xr WEEK All dressed, up in his working clothes. (U.S. 'Air Forn Photo) 'What Time Is It?' Is a Question Centuries Old Alan Shepard went into space in the Project Mercury capsule, he wore a similar "silver suit." . These suits must protect space explorers from the very low air pressure and lack of oxygen in space. In deep space, they must also guard him from extremes of heat and cold, and from dangerous cosmic rays. Even before man went into space, he was flying in.air too thin-for him to breathe,-even though his jet engine could still breathe. He was all-right as long as he could stay in his pressurized cabin, but • if its pressure failed or if he had to rocket himself away fr'onr a- crippled plane then he needed a protective suit. So, after World War n, the U.S. Navy began work on a full pressure suit for use at great heights. In 1954, the U.S. Air Force also began to design a 'full pressure suit. These suits were the forerunners of true space suits. These suits had to fit the pilot, and they also had to fit in the plane. Since there was already hardly enough room for the pilot—in a jet fighter crammed with -instruments and equipment—this was a real problem. Also, the suit had to be one that 'the pilot could get off and on quickly in case an off-duty pilot had to get into the air fast. The first suit to meet these Perhaps you have a wrist watch. Or at least you would like to own one. You will appreciate it all the more when you realize that it took thousands of years to develop it. Its manufacture is a part of the story of time-keeping devices. The first way of telling time—other than by guessing by the position of the sun- was by means of the sundial. It is an instrument that shows the time of the day by the shadow of an object on which the sun's rays fall. The shadow is cast on a surface marked to indicate hours or fractions of hours. The oldest sundial that still exists is an Egyptian instrument made in 1500 B.C. It is a flat stone on which is fixed atf L-shaped bar. The upper part of the "L" made the shadow. The lower part which has markings' recorded the time. An oil-burning lamp was used to measure hours during the Middle Ages. It consists of a calculated supply 'of oil in an inverted urn-type globe: This illuminated the dark as well as measured time. The candle also served as a clock. It was even made to chime. Here's the way it worked: Pins were staggered in the candle. A tiny bell hung at the end of each pin. The candle would burn down to a pin. This would cause the bell to fall into a metal dish and strike the hour. These only have covering, their "silver suits" not an airtight cloth zippers are special Force's needs MC-2 was full the Air pressure airtight, also. This keeps the air from leaking out while the pilot or astronaut is wearing the suit. The alumiruzed "oating helps protect the space' explorer, from great heat and cold. For use in deep space, the suits wiU need a layer of special hydrogenated. rubber with lead in it to protect the wearer from the radiation of outer space. This space radiation comes from cosmic rays, the radiation trapped in the Van Allen belts by earth's gravity and from solar flares. The present "silver suit" has a layer of double-walled ventilated rubber inside the. silver covering. This makes the suit less hot and stuffy by allowing the pilot's body to "breathe." • The helmets of the suits supply the pilots with oxygen, remove the carbon dioxide (the air they breathe out), and provide them with radio . veloped by the Incas. It comprises two glass bulbs united by a narrow neck. One bnlb is filled with fine sand that runs through the neck into the other hulb. It took an hour to run through. Thexfirst watches were made at Nuremberg, Germany, in 1500 AD. They .were known as "Nuremberg live eggs" because of their shape. They were very heavy and shaped like pears and skulls. —Weldon Woodson Family Fun The family can have fun making these Christmas tree trimmings. String regular sized and miniature marshmallows together for a long frosty garland, for the tree. Alternate with cranberries if a touch of color is desired. Another garland sure to please the children is made of peanuts in the shell and small colored gumdrops strung into short or long ropes. . Dip bobby pins into a mixture of plastic starch and laundry detergent to make frosty icicles. A loop of rib- bbn'tied through the bobby | pin makes a handle to' hold! for the dipping and a way to hang on "the tree. You will need to dip and dip and dip again to make the bobby pins become sparkling icicles. suit, and it was accepted for the X-15 program in November, 1957. For the astronauts, a similar suit was designed by the Navy. communication, allow pilots to They also turn their heads for better seeing, and to be more comfortable. It is not surprising to learn that these helmets were most difficult to design. The silvery covering is j —Walter B. Hendrickson Jr. ZOO'S WHOfr GEORGE SCAR BO THE KEMZ-EST RELATIVE OF THE HUMMING BIRP IS THE SWIFT. THEYAREAL|KE IN THEIR. WONDERFUL POWERS OF FLIGHT..THEIR. FEET ARE SMALL ANDTHEIR WINGS ARE LONG AND POINTED, THE SWIFT SPENDS THE <3K3\TERPAR.TOF.THE DAYLIGHT HOURS SEEM- IMGLYIN TIRELESS FLIGHT.- THE SWIFTS ARE WELL NAMED,.. THE SPEED OF THESE BIRDS \6 BETWEEN 171 AND '2OO MILES PER HOUR... INTHE EARLY . - , DAY5OFOUPJ .HOME/; COUNTRY THE CHIMNEY SWIFT IMHABITED HOL- 1OWTK,EES,BUT WITH THE COMING? OFC01.0NIAL HOMES IT BESAW TO OCCUPY CHIMNEYS- THE NESTOFTHECTHI/HNEY SWIFT IS FORCED OF SMALLTWISS CEMEMTEDTOGETHER BYASALIVARYSECReTION TO FORM A SEMICIRCULAR SAUCER-GLUED TO THE SIDE OF' ACHIMMEYOFL.OTHER WAtL,lM WHICH ARE LAIO4TO t> -WHITE EGGS..THEIOOKMOWNISPECIESAFIE DIVIDED INTOiFAMlUESTHE'TREESWIFTS AND THETYPICAL SWIFTS. The hourglass was first de-1 tube. .' Hose Fun Use an old garden hose for house-to-garden speaking MOVIE MADNESS-- f& "Cavalry go back—the Indians haven't arrived yetl" JleprodueWon li w»o/«'or in port pro/nbrttd «xc«p( Ay ptimlalon of Htwspaptr Cuttrprlit AaKiatiao—fnitltd in U.I.A. Brain Teaser If the statement is true, mark "T" in the little blank; if it is false, mark "F". 1. G e o r g e Washington was born February 12, ' 1799. 2. The War-Between-The States is also known as the Revolutionary War. 3. The second World. War was fought with Germany and Japan. 4. Our President during World War ,H was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. — 5. There were 13 stars on the first American flag. 6. 8. Our President now is Harry S. Truman. —— July 4 is known as Independence Day. Thomas Jefferson was our eighth • president. 9. Abraham Lincoln was called "Honest Abe." 10. Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. ANSWERS: 1. F. 2. F. 3. T. 4. T. 5. T. 6. P. 7. T. 8. F. 9. T. 10. T. Sand Hooks An easy way to sharpen fish hooks is to insert, them several times in a sheet ,of fine sandpaper. The Mirror Moon Frances By Gorman Risser Gay South Wind hangs the mirror moon High on the Sky's dark wall; Stern North Wind shouts: "No-no-no-no! That place won't do at all!" He tap-tap-taps a star nail in And hangs the big moon low, But frisky East Wind movei the moon Where he thinks it should go- The stubborn West Wind huffs and puffs The moon from left to right; By this time poor Sky's walli are full. Of star nails, golden bright, But still the fourWinds move the moon Until it's worn quite thin, Then they give Sky a fine new moon, And start their game again! Container' You can make a'lunch box container from a milk carton. Cut around the sides of the milk carton, leaving- the fourth side to make the cover. You also want to leave a "flap" on' either side of the. •''top" to form a complete lid with sides.

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