The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on July 30, 1976 · 1
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 1

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Friday, July 30, 1976
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ime, LARGEST CIRCULATION IN THE WEST. 1.020,479 DAILY. 1.289. 1 83 SUNDAY VOL XCV FIVE PARTS-PART ONE 96 PAGES FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 30, 1976 CCt Copyright 197 Los Angeles Times DAILY 15c I .-"rtC Jl ; lisS'"" s V f I! It'll iFW. 7' CCS P J I ijt J KIDNAP SUSPECTS-Fred N. Woods, left, after his arrest in Van- couver, B.C.; James Schoenfeld, center, seized five hours earlier, in NEW APPLICATIONS Solar Power in Sun With BY ROBERT E. DALLOS Times Staff Writer NEW YORK Science has long known how to use the sun's rays to heat and cool buildings. Now this form of energy is being used in all sorts of consumer products from cigarette lighters to popcorn poppers. What turned the trick was a combination of space age technology and the high cost of conventional energy. In the last three years, at least 30 companies have been established to produce one thing or another that depends on the sun for power. Their sales, according to industry sources, will hit $10 million this year and double annually over the next 10 years. About half a dozen of these firms make digital watches that cost up to S250. The others make such things as flashlights, transistor radios, hot dog cookers, even buoys for the Coast Guard all powered by the sun. There are two ways to tap the sun's energy. One of them, in use for years, collects the sun's heat and uses it in heating and cooling systems. Expected soon: a television set, a pocket calculator and a hearing aid. The other generates electricity through the use of solar cells, which are made of silicon. Absorbing sunlight, the silicon releases electrons and thereby creates an electric field. Solar cells were developed in the 1950s. Used at first to charge the batteries that powered the communications systems of satellites in space, they came into everyday use about three years ago. Among the companies that produce them is Solarex Corp. of Rockville, Md. Peter Veradi, one of the three founders of Solarex in 1973 and now its executive vice president, said that the company, which has 60 employes, began making a profit after only eight months of operation. "Attention has been called to this type of energy because of the oil crisis of 1973," Veradi said recently. Flight Controllers' Protest Delays Airline Schedules BY JERRY Times Staff The first full day of a nationwide work slowdown by air traffic controllers resulted in flight delays of up to nearly two hours Thursday at Los Angeles International Airport. Delays varied from airline to airline and from flight to flight, but were heaviest during peak travel hours. No flights were reported canceled, however, according to Paul McAfee, Picture in Part 2, Page 1. assistant chief of the Federal Aviation Administration's air traffic division for the Western region. The 14,000-member Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (AFL-CIO) began its "work-by-the-book" slowdown to protest the delay in completion of a pay classification study by the U.S. Civil Service Commission. McAfee said the average journey Finds Place Consumers "Also, people realize that it is cheaper to recharge batteries than to throw them away and buy new ones." Veradi estimates that the average cost of electricity used in a home is 5 cents to 8 cents per kilowatt hour. Battery power is far more expensive. For example, according to Veradi, the 1.5-volt battery used in flashlights and transistor radios costs $300 per kilowatt hour. A person using two such batteries a week for five years would spend $156. By comparison, Solarex makes a solar flashlight priced at $25. It includes a built-in recharger costing $7. A solar cell device for recharging batteries for power boats costs about $100 and constantly replenishes the batteries. This eliminates the need to remove the batteries periodically and plug them into a charger at the dock Solar energy comes in handy in remote areas where refueling and recharging can be a problem. The Coast Guard has placed solar-powered signals in hard-to-reach buoys. And the U.S. Forest Service recently built the first sun-powered outhouse at an elevation of 9,000 feet in Custer National Forest, Mont. At $9,750, it cost less than it would have to run conventional electricity up the mountain to power the toilet system. The California Highway Patrol uses solar energy to power microwave repeaters it needs for over-the-mountain radio communications. The National Weather Service has found a use that has probably already saved lives. In various parts of the country it has placed warning signals in waters under bridges. When the water rises to a certain level, flood warnings are transmitted by means of solar energy to police and fire departments which can evacuate the affected community. Please Turn to Page 8, Col. 1 COHEN Writer man controller at Los Angeles International now makes about $28,000 a year, including premium pay for nights and Sundays. Controllers had hoped the study would upgrade their pay. The study was to have been completed this month but has been delayed for another month, and there are indications that the study will not recommend the upgrading of pay. Darrell Reazin, Western regional vice president of the union, said PATCO representatives were informed last week at a meeting in Washington that the commission "can't find a reason to upgrade anywhere." Beside stalling both incoming and outgoing passengers, the slowdown was having an impact on airlines' operating costs, spokesmen for the firms agreed Thursday. "We burn more fuel waiting to Please Turn to Page 24, Col. 6 iail in Redwood Citv and his brother. Richard, who had surren- dered on Friday, on the way to FREER ACCESS TO SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS BACKED WASHINGTON () Despite warnings of a "Big Brother" government, the Senate voted Thursday to water down a law that sharply limits use of Social Security numbers for identification. Sen. Russell B. Long (D-La.) insisted that the federal government needed to know citizens' Social Security numbers to track down welfare cheaters and runaway fathers. "I don't care if (government) computers help elements of law enforcement," Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz.) said. "We need privacy in this country." Goldwater and Sen. Charles H. Percy (R-Ill.) sought to retain the current law, which makes it illegal for any government agency to deny a citizen a benefit because of his refusal to disclose his Social Security number. Among the few exceptions Please Turn to Page 8. Col. 4 Mickey Cohen Dies at Age 62 Hoodlum Became LA. 'Public Nuisance No. Y BY RICHARD WEST Times Staff Writer Meyer Harris (Mickey) Cohen, who once reigned as Los Angeles' "Public Nuisance No. 1" through his gambling and gang activities, died Thursday at the UCLA Medical Center at the age of 62. A hospital spokesman said death was caused by complications from surgery for stomach cancer nine months ago. Cohen was a onetime professional boxer who rose to notoriety in the years after World War n as the successor to slain underworld gambling leader Benjamin (Bugsy) Siegel. The 5-foot 5-inch hoodlum wore snap-brim fedoras and flashy clothes and was always ready with a colorful spiel for newsmen after each of the many violent episodes he was involved in before a long prison term broke his health. He seemed to be striving for the title of "Public Enemy No. 1." But lawmen would rate him no higher than the leading public nuisance of the area. Some of his neighbors in West Los Angeles branded him an "intolerable nuisance" in 1950 when unknown persons dynamited the gambler's $200,000 home. The blast broke windows up and down the block. Please Turn to Page 23, Col. 1 FEATURE INDEX ASTROLOGY. Part 2, Page 6. BOOK REVIEW. View, Page 4. BRIDGE. View, Page 6. CLASSIFIED. Part 5, Pages 1-24. COMICS. View, Page 23. CROSSWORD. Part 5, Page 22. EDITORIALS, COLUMNS, Part 2, Pages 4,5. FILMS. View, Pages 1,8-21. FINANCIAL. Part 3, Pages 13-20. METROPOLITAN NEWS. Part 2. SPORTS. Part 3, Pages 1-12. STAGE. View, Pages 14-16. TV-RADIO. View, Pages 22, 24. VITALS, WEATHER. Part 1, Page 20. WOMEN'S. View, Pages 1-7. his arraignment in Chowchilla. AP Wirephotos Chinese Combing Quake Debris for Dead and Injured From Times Wire Services PEKING A relief force estimated at more than a million people today combed through debris in northeast China's densely populated Hopeh province for dead and injured from the world's most powerful earthquake in 12 years. Survivors reaching the capital from Tangshan, in the center of the quake area, confirmed that the city suffered an enormous toll in deaths and injuries from the quake and a major aftershock two days ago. French and Japanese witnesses said the city of more than 1 million people was destroyed. China never reveals casualty figures, but an unusually frank official report said that the quake caused "great losses to people's life and property." Tangshan, it said, "suffered extremely serious damages and losses." In Peking, the Cuban news agency Prensa Latina reported the quakes probably caused "dozens of thousands of dead. . . even though official announcements do not specify the number of victims." It gave no sources for its information but said Tangshan "was virtually destroyed." Diplomats and other foreigners here Please Turn to Page 16. Col. 1 Italian Minority Regime Formed From Times Wire Services ROME Italian Premier-designate Giulio Andreotti Thursday announced that he had formed a minority government entirely from his dominant Christian Democrat Party, but it would exist only with Communist support. Andreotti's cabinet, to be sworn in today, will rely for survival on Communist Party abstention in a crucial parliamentary vote of confidence next week. The cabinet meets one crucial Communist demand: it does not include former Treasury Minister Emi-lio Colombo, held responsible by the Communists for Italy's economic crisis. Also excluded is former Foreign Minister Mariano Rumor, accused by the Communists of links to the Lockheed bribery scandal. In order to pass the confidence vote with Communist abstention, Andreotti has consulted with the Communists in drawing up his program. Political observers expect that the Communists, who came second in last month's general election with 34 of the vote, will abstain, and thereby end a three-month power vacuum. Andreotti told reporters he would present his government to the Senate Please Turn lo Page 1 4. Col. 1 THE WEATHER National Weather Service forecast: Night and morning low clouds with mostly sunny afternoons today and Saturday. Highs both days in the low 80s. High Thursday 80; low 65. Complete weather information and smog report in Part 1, Page 20. 2 Remaining Suspects in Kidnaping Arrested Schoenfeld Picked Up in Menlo Park; Woods Seized in Vancouver, Returned BY JACK JONES and Times Staff The sudden arrests of two young San Francisco Peninsula men Thursdayone only two miles from home and the other on a street in Vancouver, B.C. climaxed the strange case of Chowchilla's 26 kidnaped schoolchildren and their bus driver. First, Menlo Park police arrested James L. Schoenfeld, 24, at 6:50 a.m. as he drove off a busy freeway 25 miles south of San Francisco, purportedly on his way to surrender as a suspect. Five hours later, reportedly acting on information from the FBI, five Royal Canadian Mounted Police plain-clothesmen seized Fred N. Woods, 24, as he was leaving the main Vancouver post office. He was ordered deported after questioning by Canadian officials and was turned over to U.S. officials at the border. It was a morning in which the third suspect in the case, Schoen-feld's younger brother, Richard, 22, was taken to Chowchilla for arraignment and pleaded innocent to 27 counts of kidnaping and 16 counts of robbery. The younger brother, who apparently had never left home, had surrendered voluntarily to the Alameda County district attorney last Friday after all three were named in a criminal complaint. A report published in the Bay Area, meanwhile, suggested that the kidnapers of the Chowchilla children two weeks ago had planned to demand that $5 million be dropped to them in the Santa Cruz Mountains from an airplane. But bus driver Ed Ray, 55, led his young charges to safety by digging out of the underground truck-trailer in which they were entombed at a Deployment of Advanced Soviet Missile Reported BY OSWALD JOHNSTON Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON A senior U.S. arms control official expressed concern Thursday because, he said, the Soviet Union has begun to deploy an advanced new missile on a mobile track. The missile has borne three or more nuclear warheads 3,000 miles in tests. The official, John F. Lehman Jr., deputy director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, thereby confirmed an accusation which has been leveled at the Russians for several months by Pentagon hardliners and which has been a standing controversy in the arms control community here. The new missile, the SS-20, technically is classified as an intermediate-range ballistic missile and therefore is not covered by any strategic arms agreement or one being negotiated. House Reprimands Sikes for Financial Misconduct From Times Wire Services WASHINGTON The House voted overwhelmingly Thursday to reprimand one of its most senior members, Rep. Robert L. F. Sikes (D-Fla.), on two counts of financial misconduct in its first punishment of a member since 1969. The action was approved 381 to 3 with little debate. Sikes, 70, a 36-year veteran of Congress, achieved a position of power as chairman of the House military construction appropriations subcommittee, which funds installations across the country. He was reprimanded for conflict of interest and failure to list stockholdings. The action adopted a House Ethics Committee report that recommended reprimand. It is the mildest rebuke the House can give. It involves no further action against Sikes and does not affect his seniority, perquisites or chairmanships. But it meant that the overwhelming majority of his colleagues considered Sikes guilty of misconduct, and it could have an impact on his standing in the House and with his constituents in the Florida panhandle. The vote was cast after a 20-min-ute discussion during which Ethics DARYL LEMBKE Writers Livermore rock quarry owned by Woods' father, Frederick Nickerson Woods HI. Until Thursday, the FBI and sheriff's deputies from three counties had not reported even a hint of the whereabouts of Fred Woods. But they had picked up the week-old trail of James Schoenfeld as he moved from Reno to northern Idaho, into Washington and back to Idaho, selling guns to raise money and making two futile attempts to cross the border into Canada. By late Wednesday, detectives were loking for Schoenfeld in the Bay Area again, having found his abandoned 1963 Chrysler in Idaho and having learned that he bought a 1955 Chevrolet van there for $250 under his real name. That van was spotted by an acquaintance Wednesday evening and a description and license number were broadcast. Motorist Lee R. Wallis was driving to work through Mountain View Thursday morning when he heard the license number on his car radio. He looked up and saw it just ahead of him. Wallis pulled alongside and recognized Schoenfeld from newspaper pictures, according to Mountain View police. He followed the van along the Bayshore Freeway, finally getting off to flag down a police car. Menlo Park officer Gary Lockman quickly spotted the van and began trailing it as officers from Redwood City, Menlo Park and Atherton joined in. Schoenfeld apparently was unaware he was being followed. A service station operator said he saw three patrol cars converge on Please Turn to Page 3. Col. 1 But Lehman left no doubt that proof the weapon now is being deployed will be used to strengthen the hand of the hardliners in the long-simmering dispute within the Ford Administration on strategic arms policy. "What disturbs us in the arms control community," Lehman said in an interview, "is that this has obvious implications for the 'gray area' systems in SALT (strategic arms limitation talks) Backfire and the cruise missiles." Lehman, a protege of Sen. Henry M. Jackson (D-Wash.), the most consistent critic of Ford Administration arms negotiating policy, was referring to two weapons: a Soviet bomber and an American subsonic guided Please Turn to Page 1 1. Col. I Sikes after House reprimand AP Wlrephoto Committee members spoke of the "agonizing" task of sitting in judgment of a colleague. Sikes left the chamber before the electronic vote board rolled up the final count. Please Turn to Page (i, Col. 1 I

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