Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on December 17, 1961 · Page 4
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

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Sunday, December 17, 1961
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PAGE FOUR THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, DECEMBER 17,1MI Editorial.... SEAT BELTS CAN SAVE YOUR LIFE A study in which the State Board of Health and the Indiana State Police have been participating since 1955 shows conclusively that seat belts can help protect you. and members of your family from death or critical injury. Serious and fatal injuries can be reduced, by more than one-third by the use of seat belts, because most of the fatalities are caused by people being thrown-.against windshields or out of. car doors by the'impact of'crashes. ' , State troopers, assigned to Cass County and many adjacent counties, use seat belts regularly in their patrol cars because they have seen their value with their own eyes. The National Safety Council also has urged their use. Contrary to popular beliefs,- seat belts -offer . great protection at moderate speeds in town as well as OH the highway, and they can be unfastened in an instant with one hand. As the December" bulletin of the State Board of Health points out, if you haven't finished your Christmas shopping, "Seat belts might offer a gift of life for your loved ones." FRIENDS OF THE LIBRARY An organization which is quietly providing a worthwhile service for Logansport and- Cass county grew out of a local tragedy. That organization is the Friends of the Library of Logans- port'and Cass County, Inc., formed two months after fire destroyed 25,000 books at the library on March 17, 1941. Not only has the organization purchased nearly 3,000 books for the local library in 20 years, but it has served as the inspiration for the formation of similar organizations in a number of other Indiana cities. The constitution of the local Friends of the Library has been copied many times by book lovers setting up Friends of Libraries in other Hoosier communities. Before the tragic fire 20 years ago our library had 80,000 volumes. Today, with both the financial and moral support of the Friends of the Library, it has 131,086 books despite the heavy fire loss. ' • • ' Cass county has a right to be proud of its library, which.has long been recognized as outstanding. You can show your appreciation and make it even better by 'becoming a member of the Friends of the Library. GEORGE E. SQKOLSKY REORGANIZING THE STATE DEPARTMENT • I see an editorial in the ''News and Courier-" of Charleston, South Carolina, which deals, with the -question of "the reorganization of the State Department. Since I can remember, this question has arisen. The Charleston.newspaper says: ' "THE SAME CROWD that let Cuba fall to the Communists is still in power in the U.S. 'State Department. William Wieland is on the federal payroll, attending a school in preparation for a.' new assignment, Philip Bonsai, former U.S. ambassador to Cuba, is,the U.S. ambassador to Morocco, Roy Rubottom, who'-had charge of inter-American affairs for the State Department, is State's adviser at- taced to the Naval War College." The staff of the State Department is divided into two parts: those who are under the Civil Service; those who are in the foreign service. The latter are better paid and have higher standing. Both groups have organized pressure mechanisms and exercise an exceedingly effective lobbying in Congress. Both protect their own • group fegainst improvement arid change. EVERY NEW SECRETARY of State discovers that he is stymied, hamshackled, caught-in-a-trap by these two groups which, while they oppose each other to gain benefits, also join together to gain benefits. Usually a President expects to reorganize the State Department in his second term; it is too touchy a subject for a first . term. Each of these groups has outside associates and assistance, particularly in newspapers and universities where there is extraordinary admiration for certain individuals who leak information, sometimes even to the detriment of the country. Those who leak information should be sent back to the universities whence they came. Mere reorganization however, will not be sufficient. What is essential is the elimination of certain elements in the State Department who fight for power within "Tannenbaum, Oh Tannenbaum" WALTER WINCH ELL ON BROADWAY Castro's admission that he is a Communist is on a par with such astounding revelations as the fact that water is wet and the sun is hot. Nevertheless, there,are some significant ramifications in Kis confession. He arrogantly boasted that he has always, been a Communist and sought to hide his true red-yellow colors because "we might, have alienated the bourgeoisie and other forces which we would eventually -have to fight." Consequently; Castro extended his power and reddened Cuba while denying he is a. Communist. 'In' addition, U.S. newspapermen who wrote the truth about him were denounced as "liars and enemies of Cuba." About two years ago this reporter wrote: "Dictator Castro does not represent the Cuban people. He is a member of the Red Army. And he is an enemy of liberty everywhere. His tactics, strategy and objectives function in close alliance with Moscow and Pei- ping. During the past few months Cuban diplomatic missions throughout Central America and •Mexico have been intensifying propaganda and political activities. Their primary target is the United States. And their ultimate objective is the' conquest of Latin America. The foregoing facts cannot be casually dismissed. Castro as an individual is a dangerous lunatic, of course. More important —he has the political, economic and military support of Khrushchev and Mao. In other words, the Moscow-Peiping-Havana Axis clearly endangers -the security of the United States." . ANGELO PATRI Costly Gift Lacks True Yule Spirit DREW PEARSON CARACAS, Venezuela — The most important project President Kennedy is visiting in' Venezuela administration. Our Lesson From The Left The lesson is that the United States has to back political parties of the people, not of the army as Betancourt has -—, - - - UU1 , C , ii better able to cope with is a little agricultural settlement ft left than a optician from the called El near Lake Valencia called El rj ht Betancourt, an ex-Commu Frio, which in English means ^ knows ^ tactics of Castro. " now that he has his army him, he is pushing ahead with major social reforms which a model showcase of "the' cold one." It will be renam- meni wno iigni ior puwa wn.im Christmas is the outward ex- ed "Ah'anza" in honor of Kennethe department. It will take much ession o{ a spiritual ideal that dy's Alliance for Progress, more than reorganization to res- js a jj ve ^ ^ e near t of every hu- However, the interesting para- cou ij ^^ cue the department from the kind man being overc ast as it may be d ox j s that this Venezuelan con- Venezuela, of internal politics that permitted , the troubles and tribulations tribution to the Alliance for Pro- situation to embarrass J every d ay living. gress was actually built without everlasting quality is^prov- a cen t of American money and • its endurance these thous- by a man who was once banned ands' of years, its presence felt fr 0m u. S. territory when he was President T*"""' visiting ; s a relatively small Qne But Wlth tne ^^ .. .. Mexico wn ich has pioneered in ' it is one of the Questions And UITTL. Ai.zivers Q — Does the quadriga, the bronze chairot of victory, still stand atop the Brandenberg Gate? A — The original was almost completely destroyed in World --y/hen a teiiow tninns UK. YI="» War n, and a model stands in Qre gert ; ng broader if s probably its place. ' on | y his conscience stretching. the President and. the secretary of State. The assumption that en "l."j'£ endurance these thous these men cannot be dismissed is ands Q{ ^ its presence felt fr 0m u. S. territory when he was a rian reform> it is one of the erroneous. True, it is difficult, but tnrougnout the world of nations, exiled by Dictator Perez,Jiminez. mogt forwar d m Latin America, the President has ways of reor- ^ - s ^ {hat it js S0j that once - Kennedy, O f course, had nothing Nil j e ty. s ix housing units have ganizing any department of gov- .^ we ce i ebrate it-once again to do with the shabby treatment befin gashed at El Frio with 79 eminent and Herbert Hoover used. ^ ^^ of{ the crust-and soil of gi ve n President Betancourt; nor roore ^^ construction'under a legitimate methods to accomplish ^^ Eving and come out as we with the medal that President se jf. ne ]p community development fly are, kindly, with goodwill Eisenhower bestowed on Dictator plan wnere by the" local people, each other. Perez Jiminez. pj us the state, cooperate to build Because children come closer But there's an important lesson streets, water supply, sewers, and to this spiritual idea of unselfish to be learned from the operation a community center. - • - giving and sharing, and because of president Betancourt in crack- plans for this project were de- efforts to reorganize and make a ^ D celebra t e s the birth of j ng down on Castro, in pushing veloped by Eric Carlson, a U. S.. department efficient are very dif- thg Tca ' ner w i, 0 brought this mes- a h ea d with the Alliance for Pro- expert who has worked in Latin ficult. The Civil Service is hard to of peace on Eartn an( j goo d gl:ess even a h ea d of Kennedy, and America, 'and Dr. Arnoldo Gabal- fight; the foreign service is even ^j {ow ard-men, the children are with his refusal to expropriate <jon, the Minister of Health, a harder. They possess enough pow- ^ ^ and .^bol of Christ- tlle property of American oil and Johns Hopkins graduate who er and organize campaigns to pro-. mas TQ thenl| in ho nor O f the slee i com panies, though urged to keeps close ties with the United tect themselves which can be very chi] ^ in the Manger _ we ^ bring do so by the pro-Castroites, some states. .«-..:.,„ >,.,,K,mi,,i,, ,n <**„„*<, .„_ ^, . 1 H, e children of whom once {omled part" of his Three days before Kennedy ar- of grown- ' jived in Caracas, the Venezuelan this task and succeeded, but Franklin D. Roosevelt revoked his orders with the result that Hoover's efforts came to naught. IT IS TRUE that a President's effective, particularly in smearing ou) . -^ a public olnciai ana giving ine g~||£ over to me wonu ui giuwu- ^ nveu m waia\.a^», m~ . —— ~impression that he is- up to some- and the Seas0 n becomes one . cabinet formally voted to expand thing very improper, whereas ac- Jj happiness and goodwill all ped Christmas gift does it beau- thjs commun ;ty development pro- tuallv he is seeking to save money •, tifullv. amm tn all of Venezuela and give . ten a fellow thinks his views tually he is seeking to save money for the taxpayer and to rescue the country from inefficiency and incompetence. A gift from a friend is always I say 'little' because that a joy and always makes a bond best "*•- —"•• ™» "> p ™ Q _ why is the Water Tower in Chicago preserved as a monument? A — It is one of the few buildings on the near-north side to survive the Chicago, Fire -of 1871. : * « * Q — In what state is the most southerly point in the United States? A — Hawaii. . . Q-_ who -gave the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" its name. A. — James Russell Lowell, editor of the Atlantic Monthly, published the hymn and named it- * * * Q — What change in the earth's surface gave Great Britain many excellent harbors? A — The sinking of the whole island in prehistoric, time brought the sea into the river mouths and made many bays. ^ * * * Q — Which government body may bring impeachment proceedings? A — The House of Representatives. _ gram to all of Venezuela and give is jt further support. Be tancourt has already put 30,- 000 sma fl farm families on the landl bought and paid for m cash ' foreign A book written by Herbert L. Matthews was published several weeks ago. Mr. Matthews is a foreign correspondent and editorial writer of the N.Y. Times . . . Matthews wrote: "From the time of the execution in Cuba in the early months of 1959, the American press, radio and television were emotionally and overwhelmingly hostile. Once the label of Communism-was pinned on Fidel and his regimfr-and this, too, was early in 195^-the hysteria that accompanies the American attitude toward Communism worked its poison." Incredibly, Matthews blamed Americans for making Castro a Moscow aHy. Of course, the Cuban tyrant now admits he had been a Red from the start. And in his book Matthews contends again and again that Castro is not a Communist. And he writes that Castro "has a low opinion of the Cuban Communist." The story of Herbert L. Matthews and'the N.Y. Times has many strange chapters. For example: In mid-1959, after Ruby Hart Phillips, the Times' Cuba correspondent since 1937, wrote that many Cubans felt that Castro's reforms were .following "a Communist pattern," Matthews flew' to Cuba and reported back: "This is not a Communist revolution in any sense of the word." Mrs. Phillips had the last word: "I'm sending what happens. He's giving the opinions, really." a meeting with Dr. Milton Eise* hower, White House consultant on' Inter-American Affairs. Among those who attended flie meeting was William A. Wieland, the State Dep't expert on Cuban affairs . . . Hffl testified: "In every instance where we tried to present evidence of Communist penetration in the government of Castro, it was met with a rebuff by Mr. Wieland" ... Hill testified that Wieland stated: _':There is no evidence of Communist penetration in Cuba." Such was the fantastic opinion of .our State Department expert on Cuban affairs. Is William A. Wieland still a SD official? He certainly should be interrogated by the Senate Internal Security subcommittee; To get back to the Herbert L. Matthews case: For several years he has been "blasting the U.S. press coverage of the Castro story. Newsweek recently quoted Matthews as saying .that "Cuban affairs have been more misunderstood and misinterpreted than any other event in his 39 years on The Times." The Newsweek story continues: "In mid-1960 when Matthews declined to place Castro or Cuba in the Communist camp, Times publisher Arthur Hays Sulzberger asked for an explanation. Matthews replied that a Communist must be both responsible to the partv and 'an agent of Moscow.' Neither then nor today would Fidel Castro, thoueh he cooperated with the Bed bloc (in_trade, defense agreements, distribution of propaganda), fit that definition, Matthews contends . . . Despite such hair-SDb'tting considerations, Matthews feels it was not he. but everybody else, who lost 'balance and objectivity'." In the past this reporter warned that Cuba's Communist offensive —powered by Moscow and Peip- ing—has extended-to the United States. As long ago as July. I960 the Herald-Tribune reoorted: "The Cuban reyi'ition of Fdel Castro is 'essentWlv a'socialist re™lu- tion' ?nd 'it is closer to the Chinese Communist revolution ^ than am- other recent revolution', according to Paul M. Sweezv. a left- wing American economist who returned recently from a visit to Havana." The reoort added: "Others who addressed the meeting, held at New York Center. 227 West 46th Sb-eet. were Leo Huberman. coeditor with Mr. Sweezv of The Monthly-Review.' and Raul Roa, twenty-two-year-old .son of the Cuban foreign minister and a member of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations. "Among the prominent fibres in the audience were Alger Hiss. Harry Bridges, President of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, and members of the Soviet. Hungarian and Rumanian delegations to the United Nations." The costly gift seems to . fripndshin between giver and lose the spirit of Christmas, The State Department is not °' '- " X ch is the meaning which is gentle kindness, affec- l the only one which suffers from "; L ^ -J Gifts bespeak good- tion and takes on an air of "Look or bonds-not seized' from surplus personnel and assertive OI , ^ a _ s cern ent to what I did for you," transferring landowners as did Castro. doctrinairism. This is true in every ,' ' nrthen the bonds of friendship the attention from the recipient ^ have made two and a half department of government but it f rien dship like all other to the giver, which spoils the ^.mon acres of land available attracts more attention m the Slate. ^ mu st be tended and whole idea. for distribution to small farmers Department than elsewhere, be- £ j ^ i;ttle gaily 'wrap- T he same idea should hold in ; n two years," President Betan- <:ause here it is quickly focussed K ^ ' __ ttino ^ ^ oifts to ch ii- court to ld me. "That's more than upon some dramatic issue, such - --- ~~~ | ren " Parents p i an to give their Castro has done. However, we as Castro's seizure of ' Cuba. If Before a serious question reached chi]dren thin they have asked pa y for it. We are not semng the that story were disclosed in full, the top for final decision, many -. . , it would be found that neither the s t eps have been taken, many mi President nor the secretary of nor decisions have been made, State of either the Eisenhower or maT , y paths to authority have to the Kennedy administrations be cleared and -commitments are brought on the failure. It -was the undertaken which go into the rec- ^p^ve things and confine . , »~ -------organization of government down or d. What is. required therefore is th ° mselves to the simpler and mor e confidence so as to attract t line which caused all the trou- in u the bottom so that ifle and" sports equip- i an d of foreigners. We are buying instruments and jt." a,,u L..O. o fine but friends President Betancourt still has family including relatives, -t wo problems, and here is where the president Kennedy can help him: No. 1 is the establishment of CARNIVAL or . . the line which caused all the trou- cleaning up the bottom so that ifle ble. This is a classic example of top will not wallow in mud laid what a low-ranking and even ob- down by those who have no real can be stopped by his superiors, it is impossible to manipulate a But the'superiors up to the Pres- government department without a ident have to assume full respon-' routine that ties individuals rigidly sibility. to a system. Red-tape is preferable TO MOST, this sounds almost to constant errors. ridiculous. They ask, can the office cat make decisions? The answer is that when an 'enormous organization gets to rolling, it can be stepped with great difficulty. THE SUNDAY PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS Published eacli Sunday by the Pharos-Tribune and Press, -517 B. Broadway, LOEansport, Indiana. Entered as second class mall at the PostotJlce at Losansport, Indiana, under the act of March 1 The Pharos-Trlhune-est. 1844 The -Press-est. 1921 j- The Sunday Pharos - Tribune and Logansport Press. 10o, per copy Sunday 40o per -week by carrier The Pharos-Tribune, eve- nlnps and The'LoBansport Press,, mornings and .Sunday 1 40o -per week by carrier The Pharoi- Tribune, and L/ogansport Press 70c per week by carrier. "In Lo- g-ansport. 35c per -week outside or Losansport. By mall on rural routes in Cass,' Carroll. Fulton, Pulaskl, Miami and. White counties each paper 118.00 year; outside Indiana, J18.0-0 per year. All mall subscriptions,payable In advance. No mall subscriptions sold wherever carrier service !• maintained. - ' Inland Newspaper Represent*-. tlvo» ... costly. A box of cookies, a more capital to Venezuela. a toy, and a message. No. 2 is to get rid of the awful slums which cover the hills around Caracas. . On point No. 1, an American and should not be material things, *.. D * r T^™^^ o^'company ' and' David Rocke- really are-but symbols of 01 compan he ideal. (A Bell Syndicate Feature) HUBERT "Just a smart touch of tho cap w sufficient, O'Brien! Itover uond ihe 21-gun salute!" © 1961, King Features Synaieate, Iniw World rightsDeserved. "LookooU" feller of the Chase Manhattan Bank have already shown their confidence in the Betancourt administration ' by easing credit. terms, advancing' royalties,, and helping in various other ways. Sr -'or vs. Swantf This was not the case when I Wai in Venezuela last- winter. However, an important, constructive change has been started by the biggest of all American oil 'companies since then,'and others are beginning to follow suit. Qn point No. 2, Caracas has the most sordid slums in all South America. From the officers club, built by Dictator Perez Jiminez, and one of the swankest in the world, you look up the hill at a conglomeration of little huts of mud' and oil cans, without sanitation or sewers, which, according to former Health Minister Enrique Tejera, give off 70 tons of human excrement daily, which in the rainy season washes down the 'hillsides- into the fashionable, modern city of Caracas. The people from the squalor of the hillsides may come down near .the officers club to watch the guard troop the colors at sundown. .But neither the spotlessness of the troops' uniforms nor Mr. Hill also testified: "I worked very closely with representatives of the FBI in Mexico. They were there with the full understanding of the Mexican government. The representatives of the FBI told me of their concern over Castro and Cuba. It was their understanding the reports had not reached the upper echelon of the- State Department." ' Have another shocker: Back in August, 1959, Robert C. Hffl had the precision 'of their parading lessens the problem of cramped insanitary housing. It's & challenge for a Levitt of Levittown. And if he or any other housing expert, -working with the Betancourt government, transformed these hillsides, the example would spread like wildfire throughout Latin America and the Alliance for Progress would have accomplished a For stripping Castro down to his underwear, this reporter was the target for the familiar abuse from various idiots . . . Nevertheless, the excitement of debunking a phony first is'exceeded only by the satisfaction of having the story confirmed. Less than two years ago this column warned: "The stark fact is that while Castro retains power—Russia and China have a military-economic beachhead in Cuba. Moreover, the Red power in . Cuba radiates throughout Latin-America. The foregoing has not been written to alarm—but to inform. The situa : tion is obviously grim. The security of the United States is clearly threatened. The time to do something about it-is now. If we close our eyes—then we will make reality a'nightmare." . "End of cockadoodle. The king vulture has one of the oddest heads in the bird world. Its bare, wrinkled skin is brightly colored, and a queer ornamental wattle hangs from the bill. LAFF-A-DAY C UW. Hm Fotora SslIuKl. tie, WmU rUhto nicmd. «I like a man who ha* tote wooey always gives * man

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