The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 6, 1939 · Page 3
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April 6, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, April 6, 1939
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Page 3
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THURSDAY, APRIL 6, 1939 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THURSDAY, APRIL 6, 1939 Science congress, which is expected to attract delegates from 42 leading nations. This session will discuss a complete scientific survey of the future development of the Pacific region. Ruth Nichols Laments Women Flier's Plight CLEVELAND, Ohio, Women "have a lough (U.R) time I at complished," she said. "They've flown the Atlantic, the Pacific, won the toughest of races--the Bendix --but still they haven't had the fair financial breaks of the business. "I've been flying 17 years," she said, "and I hope I'm still in the air when I take my last breath." Village Bids For Smithy NEW HAMPTON, N. H., (U.PJ-- There's a good spot for some unemployed blacksmith in this little town. The town has voted to exempt from taxes for five years the first experienced blacksmith to OIL EXHAUSTION SAID NOT TRUE . Engineer Says New ; Supplies of Crude Oil Found Each Year STATE COLLEGE, Pa., U.R--. , ,_ - . ,. Th'e petroleum industry each year aviation because men don t want uses 1,200,000,000 barrels of the their competition, believes Ruth 14,000,000,000 barrel reserve of Nichols, veteran woman flier. crude oil, but at the end of the "There isn't anything in the fly- _._,_ year there is just as much known ing field that women haven't ac-^ settle here and ply his trade. oil in' the United States, says Dr. Sylvairi Pirson, petroleum' and natural gas engineering head at the Perm State school of Mineral Industries. Declaring that the petroleum industry "does not live on its reserves, but on its new discoveries," Dr. Pirison scoffed at predictions the supply of crude oil in the United States would be exhausted in 10 to 14 years. "Every year," Dr. Pirson said, "the search for new oil fields goes on unabated, with all the resources that the sciences of geology, physics and chemistry place at the disposal of the petroleum engineer. Oil Prospector Gels Credit "Petroleum engineering is one profession in the mineral indus- , tries where the prospector still plays a large role," the professor said. "Armed with the knowledge which the various sciences place at his disposal, he finds, year in and year out, enough new oil fields to make up for the yearly withdrawal. i "At times, as in 1830, when 4,000,000,000 barrels were discovered in the East Texas field, enormous quantities of reserves are brought to light; at other times, as in 1936, the oil prospectors' discoveries are deficient, although that year they failed to reach the blacij side of the ledger by a mere 20,000,000 barrels." The petroleum expert said the time when this country will start drawing on its reserves is still far away. Old Wells Revived . He estimated unlocated reserves in this country at 50,000,000,000 barrels and perhaps even as much as 100,000,000,000. In Pennsylvania', he pointed out, water flooding to a depth of not more than 3,000 feet,' has assured the^ eastern oil industry a long and lasting rejuvenated life. A survey by Fancher Barnes of similar methods used in Oklahoma and Kansas, Pirson said; placed the recoverable oil at 3,000,000,000 barrels. "Based on calculations made by Alexander Deussen for a well- taown and developed* territory'-Harris county, Texas--it is estimated that the Gulf Coast of Texas and Louisiana alone will furnish discoveries amounting to 10,000,000,000 barrels, as against known . reserves ih-the same territory of ; . 5,500,000,000'"barrels," 'the geologist said. "If these figures are extended to other known producing areas as well as non-producing areas, it is quite possible to place the figure of unknown oil reserves at perhaps 100,000,000,000 barrels." ODD FIREARMS OF PAST SHOWN Guns Displayed Represented Every Period in History CINCINNATI, Ohio, IU.R)--"Fire- arms through the centuries" was the theme of the display of rare old guns held here. The hundreds of pieces displayed represented every period in thi listory of firearms. Blunderbusses, vheel-lock guns, flint-lock rifles, and a needle gun are among them. The latter was the forerunner of iie breech-loading gun as 'known today, according to George A. Overbrook, present proprietor of a gun shop started by P. Powell in 1829. Show Needle Gun The necdl» gun was discharged by a trigger which plunged a five- inch needle into a makeshift cartridge. The cartridge was made by placing a lead ball, a percussion cap and powder, into, a tightly wadded paper. The needle plunged through the paper and discharged the weapon. It was developed in 1834. A Chinese match gun was among those shown. It was discharged by lighting a fuse with a match, sighting and waiting until the fuse had reached the powder. It was developed in the sixteenth century at a time when the cross bow was still in use, according to O verb rook. Display Contrast In contrast is the present day 30 high-powered rifle which will shoot accurately for 1,200 yards without elevating the sights. An exciting incident in the history of the more than century old gun shop was recalled by the ob- ervance of its 110th anniversary. It 1 was at the time of the' courthouse riot in 1884 when a mob swooped down on the estabish- ment in an effort to obtain ammunition. The proprietor, one of the Powells, barricaded himself behind a pile of sandbags in the store and with two men loading guns for him held the mob at bay Three were killed before the mob dispersed. Mrs. Wilson's story teaches u that all history should be written by women. Men leave out all thos jfnleresting little catty things.-Davenport Times. D heasants Are Aware of Protecting Laws G IL R O Y, Cal., U,R~-Golden pheasants, rigidly protected under California game" laws, cause considerable embarrassment to a municipality v/hen they calmly walk up the main street. Two have done so here recently. The last one, caught by three small boys, was gracefully turned over to Judge Leon Thomas. He could find no legal precedents for such a case, but called in a game warden, instructed him to take the bird outside the city limits and give it a good start for somewhere else. N r*- -"·-' GEOLOGISTS SET JOINT CONGRESS California University Will Be Site of Meeting This Summer BERKELEY, Cal., (U.R) --The San Francisco bay region will become the world's center of geology and paleontology next summer when five of the greatest American organizations will meet in a joint conference on the University of California campus. They will represent the highest that is being done in America in . the study of everything concerned with the earth's structure and the earliest of its known inhabitants, both animal and human. New light is expected to be thrown upon both as the latest findings of the five organizations are cor- Telated and studied together. The organizations that will participate in the conference are the Geological Society of America, the Cordilleran or western section o the same society, the Western sec- lion of the Paleontological society o£ America, the Seismological society o£ America and the Society of .Economic Geologists, which i a world wide organization. To Visit Lessen Peak A feature of the conference wi: be excursions to Lassen peak ·which has held the attention o ihe nation's geologists since it be gan erupting some years ago. Another point of interest wil be the university's geological an ; paleontological displays at th Golden Gate Internationad expos tion which the science depart ments of the university have bee working on for the past two year The meeting will be the fix- ever held in the west by the So ciety of Economic Geologists which was formed in 1900 an now has a membership of mo than 200 of the world's most f mous geologists. t Previous Session Held in 1915 It will be the second meeting the Geological Society of Ame ica, the first having been held here during the Panama-Pacific International exposition in 1915. The combination of the exposition and the many geological and paleontological features that the state affords was responsible for the organizations planning to come here at the same time. The tentative dates of the joint meeting are Aug. 8 to 10, but this time may be lengthened to accommodate the many speakers expected. The.meeting will be held during ihe.sessions of the sixth Pacific New Diamond 760 does not break down or sludge. Hence, its action is Free- Rolling .,, like ball bearing* . . . like millions of little balls of oil rolling easily and unhampered against each other and the metal surf acest In contrast, ordinary oils fail to provide long-lasting complete lubrication as they do break down, form sludge and crankcase residue which have no lubricating value . . . which retard the rolling motion of the oil itself. Ask your Diamond D-X dealer to demonstrate the principle of Free-Rolling "Ball Bearing Action" . . . it is convincing. With New Diamond 760 use D-X -- the motor fail that lubricate* upper-cylinder parrs* D-X and Diamond 760 ara ideal combination for, best performance. This new oil can be pictured as being made up of millions of perfectly formed little balls of oil... oil balk that, with a minimum of friction, roll against each other and against the metal surfaces the oil is protecting. The oil rolls as it /lows.. .has "Ball Bearing Action." But, of even greater importance, with New Diamond 760 this action is Free-Rolling...because this oil contains no "light ends" or undesirable asphaltic substances which might break down into carbon, gum, sludge or crankcase residue... contains none of the "dopes" found in many solvent-processed oils. It contains nothing and forms nothing to hinder its Free-Rolling action--even after miles and miles of hardest service. Like the original Diamond 760, this new oil is practically free from vaporization losses--even at 760° F...it continues to be "The Pioneer Heat-Resisting Lubricant." New Diamond 760 is today's biggest motor oil value. Every quart contains far more lubricating service than ordinary oils...yet the price remains only 30c. Stop at your neighborhood Diamond D-X Station--dram and refill with New Free-Rolling "Ball Bearing Action" Diamond 760 Motor Oil. Guaranteed by the Diamond Trial Bond. MID-CONTINENT PETROLEUM CORPORATION 1A NOW, FARTHER THAN EVER "AHEAD OF THE PARADE n

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