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Page Four Published in La Porte City, Iowa, every Thursday afternoon. EVERETT H. SMITH Editor and Publisher _ SUBSCRIPTION PRICES Black Hawk county and adjoining townships in Benton, Tflma and Buchanan counties, per year ?2.00 Elsewhere in United Stales $2.60 Strictly Cash in Advance Entered as second class matter at the post office at La Porte City, la., under Act of Mar. 3, 1879. EDITORIALS While the nation's attentidn was centered last u eek on John L. Lewis' threat to the wage stabilization program in his demand for raises for his coal miners, Lid on Inflation Is Blowing Off an even more serious blow to the anti-inflation program was struck in Iowa by the state superintendent of schools, when she advised school boards throughout the state to ignor federal salary regulations and to raise salaries in defiance of the government's program,Comparison of the teachers' raises with the increases asked by union coal miners might seem far-fetched at first; but stop and consider that there are more teachers than coal miners in this country. If Iowa's example is followed by the rest of the nation, our school teachers will have presented a more serious threat to attempts to hold down inflation than have Mr. Lewis and his much-condemned miners' union. The Iowa action on teachers' salaries, of course, was taken with the idea of keeping teachers in their present school jobs. Unfortunately, the plan will not only present a serious inflationary threat, but we believe that it will not only fail in its primary purpose but will actually lead to more shifting around of 'teachers than ever. We must remember that once the federal law has been successfully defied, as it apparently has been in this'case, there is no effective means of keeping school boards and teachers from bidding each other on and up and up as vacancies occur and boards try to hire teachers from other schools to fill the positions. Iowa teachers, who are blessed with at least average intelligence, will be quick to realize their advantage; and 'it seems probable to us that the next few months are going to ge wild ones as teachers shop around from school board to school-board trying to find the highest bidder. If salaries had not been raised, it is true that some teachers might have left the profession, but probably not too many, possibly no more than 'in most years. There has always been a heavy turn-over in teaching ranks, after all. On the other hand, not too many teachers are able to demand as much pay in other jobs as they are now getting from their schools, and in most cases they would have to work a lot harder arid a lot longer hours. If they leave for defense jobs, they immediately run into higher living costs that cut down'their'profit. And if they leave the teaching profession now, they know the chances are slight that they will be able to get in again'after the war, when there is once again a surplus of teachers on the labor market, and when substantial school teaching jobs will be among the most desirable in the country. Yes, most teachers would have stayed on the job even though salaries had been' kept under the federal anti-inflation ceiling. Last week's action of the La Porte City school board in raising salaries to anywhere from 30 to 50 per cent higher thkn they -were when war broke out should not be condemned in itself. Local board members naturally felt that there was little they could do but go along with the rest of the boards, despite the fact th'at raises here last year equalled in many cases last year's and this year's raises combined in marly other Iowa districts. They are to be commended, 'on the other hand, for their decision to'make the raises this time in the'form'of bonuses per last week, there is si challenge to the teachers the budget comes up for summer. We question, und stances, whether this will Unless such a challenge r state-wide cancellation o" raises, throwing out the g, raises here would put this school in a bad position so far as hiring teachers was concerned. Any action in this situation, to work out well, must be state-wide or nation-wide in scope. Either all schools must stay under the salary ceiling as they have been ordered to do by the president, or none must be forced under it. That does not mean that next summer's budget should not come under close scrutiny by the taxpayers, and that it should not be challenged as provided under the budget law if it seems out of line. There are still many ways in which money could be saved in the operation of the local school. For one thing, a stop should be put to the present tendency to give each teacher less and less work to do for more and more money. When war workers get big pay envelopes, they put in big work weeks. It is also possible that several subjects could be eliminated from the curriculum for the duration of the war without injuring the students' education but effecting a cut in the teaching load which would make it possible to get along with fewer teachers. The drop in school enrollment as a result of the war should also be considered in this connection. After all, there really is a war going on, and most people have had to adjust their lives and their businesses to this cold fact. Sentimentalists living in dream worlds may want to try to ignor the war, but in the long run it just can't'be done. This is the wrong time to try to build an easier and more elaborate school system. PORTE CITY. IOWA t Dewey of New York is provincial attitude on over proposed revision ;ructures in the United States. He demands 'that the present ar- Â·attle rangement of low rates in New York and the adjoining industrial area, higher ones in the middle west and extremely high ones 1 month, on account i Motion carried 1Ilcrt We wi emphasize ^ , : selfish one he chose to express, in present rate fixing controversy. Fall of the Mareth line in Tunisia -m w. ram Ev , nK u -;-, . 1 j j.- J.-L- j-u i P av ' ol l I n the luuniv V* marks the second time in this war that; fee at the me O jÂ·$ u *!Â£ W. Paul a powerful string of French-built forti-!Â»^rpjÂ«ite ll K U o 0r ?i m c? ier1! Â£ fications--supposedly too strong for sue- Â£s ay o? 'rrS^'V'isS 03 cessful attack--has fallen. The Germans Minutes w-er* ,, read. On motion and in the south be kept "so that New York took the Maginot line, anci the British Â»^, e TMÂ°Â»o'' a^ n.t. , hc will not lose any of its factories to other ' have taken the Mareth system. It is sig-j aTEIne u'-c^V"^) ^."i vinv^-r. ,,Â·Â£ *Â·,,Â« s.n,,n*iir " Tii'-finQTif VinWPVPr t.Vint. IT. WAS Tint f rOntal' i^' *\ ^El 1 Darts of the countrv There is no excuse for keeping up an unequal freight rate structure merely to protect an industrial empire in one small section of the country. Mr. Dewey took a selfish, short-sighted attitude in demanding that this sort of policy be approved. On the other hand, there is a more reasonable excuse for at least a portion of the present freight rate differential. There is far less available freight per mile of railroad tracks in the south, and less in the midwest, than in the congested industrial section of the country. This naturally means that it costs more to handle a ton of freight in the more thinly populated areas, and rates must be higher. nifleant, however, that it was not frontal attack which won the victory in either case. In France, the Germans went around the north flank of the Maginot i line, through Belgium and the English channel territories of France, then swung behind the Maginot forts. In Tunisia, the British ran into trouble when they tried a frontal attack, but a wide sweep around! the south end of the Mareth line out-: flanked it, and finally brought a powerful British task force directly to the rear of the line. Both experiences prove that; fortifications are almost meaningless in a widespread war so long as they do not form a completely enclosed system. Modern methods of transportation make it too easy to take flanking armies around them. ' Catholic News And Views Opinions expressed herein are those of The writer, and may or may not conform to the editorial views of the Progress-Review. By FLOTD ANDEÂ»SON It was in 1846, also, that the Tf $ Q Â£:. Absent ODDS AND ENDS The "Catholic Mind" has recently published a number of quotations that seem particularly pertinent to our times, and so we ^ year Decision . 1M6 ,, , are taking the liberty of requot- a fact faook that feads as exdtjng . problem of free slave states was first brought into the open, a problem that was solved only by the Civil War. Mr. DeVoto even goes so far as to say that it was in 1846 that the Civil War itself was really decided, when a young Army Lieutenant noted the ter-, rible fire power of massed artil- amount lery, in an engagement against the Mexicans and remembered the maneuver twenty years later. The Lieutenant's name was Ulysses S. Refshauffe. Motion earned. ing . On Putting the War: "If Chn s - as fiction. There is the story Arrival of meat rationing will probably mean more nearly normal stocks of meats in our markets for the next few months. With control of purchasing now possible, and with More Meat Will hoarding of meat more Be Available difficult to arrange, we believe that the government will now release larger amounts of meat for civilian consumption. It should be recognized that in large part, at least, the meat shortage of recent weeks has been government-inspired, with the twin purposes of holding down hoarding and of making rationing, when it came, look more, attractive than an uncontrolled market. The government has restricted the total amount of meat slaughtered, through a system of quotas imposed on packers and through buying for military and lend-lease use a major part of the meat slaughtered Under the quotas. The civilians supply has been systematically and deliberately held down to small figures. There has not been as serious'a'short- age of meat animals as "the civilian 'meat supply during the winter months might have seemed to indicate. There are "as 1 many beef cattle on the farms'now a's usual, and many more "hogs. The government has simply refused to let the packing houses slaughter them fast enough to meet the public demand for'meat. Now, however, with civilian purchasing held to a reasonable level by the not very severe rationing restrictions, it is probable that packers quotas will be increased to a point where they will take care of all military and lend-lease needs and still provide enough meat to permit cashing of red ration stamps by all who a e s ban teaching censured all wars, California, the sold.ers who sought salvat.on * ; (of John the B a pt, E t) in the Gos- T Doniphan's march '. pel would have been told to throw - -Â·Â£ Â« = *Th^ s away their arms, and abandon military service. But they were Moved by Taylor seconded by Miller that the chairman and county auditor | be authorized and directed to sign' quit claim deed conveying Black Hawk county's right, title, and interest in lot fifteen (15) block six (6) Westfield, in Waterloo. lou-a. to Henrv TrouUl and Marie Troudt, aa joint tenants -with lull right of suvivorship ' and not as tenants in common, for ! ft consideration of S100.00, which In excess o( the' amount i of the general Laxcg. interest, and 1 penalties assessed against said real.' estate, and the said 5100.00 havlnp i , . been paid, and the quit claim deer] duly executed, the same is hereby ap- ' proved. Ayes: Beck, Blller, Miller, Schmll ' Taylor, and Kline. Nays: None. Absent: Refshauge, Motion carried. Move's by Beck seconded by Biller Uiat the chairman and county auditor I bÂ« authorized and directed to sig-n S JIt claim deed conveyine Black. awk county's right, title, and Interest in lot sixteen (16) block twelve Oil in Hagerman Place In the city of Waterloo. Iowa, to K .A. Bartlett, for . ( a considerati the full account of tragedy of the amount only told: Tlunder no one neither the accuse anyone falsely and be con- d - h desperation and 4nvt4- Â·rrntl* TTJM-IÂ»- TtQir ' 1+ fVijaiT -raftro ' "^ ' r Â·Â·*Â·Â· *-*Â·Â»* Â£n(ws rf - , t tent with your pay.' If they were bidden to be content with their pay, they were certainly not forbidden to go to war. Moreover, let to ward off starvation. Here's some miscellaneous in- general taxes, nst of $100 00. which of the amount of Interest and penalties - ' ~ real ; , the said 5100.00 having- been paid and the quit claim deed duly executed the same Is hereby approved ' those who say the teaching of formation culled from "The Year Christ militates aguinst the good of Decision: 1846 : of the state imagine to them- , The ^covery of gold in Call- selves an army made up of the forma was brought about'because type of soldier the teaching of Â° f . a sl '8 nt engineering miscalcu- Christ outlines . . ." Translated latlon - James Marshall was build- .from St. Augustine. '"Â£ a sawmill for John Suiter. * * Â·Â» The water wheel was set too low On Pope Pius XII: "In spite and so the channel had to be deep- of his efforts for a just and last- ened. That deepening brought up ing peace, in spite of his abso- the firsl- nuggets that developed lute neutrality, in spite of his su- into the Gold Rush of '49. premc charity on behalf of the The notion that the westward war victims of every race and migration was made up of pen- creed, Pius XII is maligned and niless adventures is false. It took misrepresented by malice or ig- money to equip a wagon train, norance on this side and on that, and those who were most hit byi even as Benedict XV was assailed the depression couldn't afford to by both sides twenty-five years do so. ago during the last war. But just One of the reasons the United as'Benedict XV was proved in the States was able to acquire Ore- issue to be the one 'public man gon from Great Britain was that 'of inimpeschable sincereity and a British commission sent to in- impartial wisdom, so will Pius vcstigate the territory reported XII 'be vindicated when -passion that it -"had found the country in- gives place to reason."--Cardinal sufficiently supplied with hot wa- Hinsley. ter for bathing." * * Â» __ _ On Cooperatives and Christianity: "Recognizing that coopera- ^1? J 1 .TM i - n -JL 1 ? S 'L, h "." n Â°? y "^ "ri AusHn'N^dTfw 1 . .. tion of school director at Prol v.-as settled when the two drew recom- cuts Qildow devote Miller, Nays': None." ^Sf : .. He ,', 3 , h , au se- Motion carried, lor . c a r r e . Moved by Miller seconded by Tay- .f ( h o t Â»vÂ»,, ___*,,!_ i ____ . *. J ., y i appointment by the Ea E le township to-wnship trustee - - ---'f, ---- IVTIU.JIJIJJ LruaLce to fill vacancy, be and the same la hereby approved. Motion curried , , vc ?. by Bll ' er seconded by Schmlt int nffovirliTM M-.....U i _ i vx.n -V. Â· that effective March 1st, 1943 the' salary o[ Florence Nottger be and the same la hereby placed at $115.00 per WRS 707K Q. If War Ehould be losi, S | destroyed, can i ne placed.' A. No. The,- sh kepi in :i safe r exchanged f 0 Sa\ings Bonds earliest opporli Q. 'WhendoAVarSaiit mature? A. Ten cars f; issue dnlc. Q. Can a Bond be km names of hso pergi owners? A. Yes, but only uula may be K Corporations, lions, church lodges may named .is cooÂ» Q. Wliat steps should when a ijond is lo or destroyed' A. The Treasury ment, DhiMon and Current; chandisc Marl, III., should be immediately, i being made IQ pies, year of Us denomination, rial number Bond, and ih and address of islcred o\nier. tions as to pi quired ttill then you. Remember--lne lo you keep War Be up to 10 years, the i valuable they bee DRAW FOR POSITION A tie vote between Paul Cildow the Conference strongly mends that communities themselves to a sericus study of TTjrkr'1?T7'TÂ»TXTrCi the Rochdale principles and to the r tV\JOJLH/UJ.lN IjrO history of the cooperative move- COUNTY BOARD mcnt at home and abroad. This study should lead to intelligent Waterloo. Iowa, March 22, 19Â« cooperation in buying and mar- county kcting, in supplying community o' low services, und in providing commu- iSo*"county seat nity recreation, thus constituting nine a clock v9:Â« the application of the principles el in regular ndjourne he court home ' -of said c :UO) a. in., pursuant I t a . ot l/nnstian social pniloSopny to to order and on roll call there ' economic life. We furthermore Â·CM Chairman. C. V. KlIiie.'Franl have them. * ' recommend explorations of the le'r, VaJ Schmk. and'stuley^Taylor,' 1 . ,, . ' possibilities of the parish credit Stl V}!' !y , T[L ?i? r - , ,, All in all, the plan hasn't been han- \ union as one solution to economic Moved"'byÂ· Stehmlt s^o^ded by T B y no bei to te; th't uri; dor i.year had l tendency 3 by local' fr. UndeT arked and probably died too badly. We have a better reserve of meat animals than we would have had should we have allowed indiscriminate slaughtering for a boom market last winter, and we have a rationing set-up which assures civilians of plenty of meat products for a reasonable diet. And our supply of meat, and meat animals, for war needs is ample for present demands. problems giving rise to family lor thai the contract and lease enter limitations-Resolution of the Na- Â£ '.^ "g.M'^X H.^"i^f, tional Catholic Rural Life Con- board of supervisors and Frank M/ tional Catholic Rural Life Conference, October 2-6, 1942. n thia pa- town. As the frost goes out of the ground "this spring, drive over some'of the streets which were omitted from the improvement progrdm two years ago, and then recall that almost all the streets in town were that bad before the black-topping was laid. With the possible exception of Bishop avenue, where faulty construction has made the paving job somewhat less than satisfactory, our asphalt-surfaced streets have made a big improvement in the appearance and accessibility of almost all the residential portions of our Reading and Writing . . . Add the year 1846 to the list of important dates in American history. That's the year which decided the size and shape of things to come for our country, according to Bernard DeVoto, who has written a great book about it. The title is "The Year of Decision: 1846" and it's the Book-of-the- Month Club selection for April. It was in 1846 that the United States engaged in a war with Mexico that brought into its boundaries New Mexico and California. It was in that same year that the ment of made the country a continental na- _. supervisors and Frank Me Laughlin. lenslng the following Â«le scribed property for gravel p l i - p i i r poses be Â»nd the same 13 hereby can celled on account of gravel pit having become exhausted: Commencing at the southeast corner ol the southwest one-quarter of fhSi, ' M L tow n a Mp 89. range 12 I HjVnf 15 , n L rth . Ihirty-three feet to tha I?V. .S be elnnlng, thcnoa north .3Z6.1 , leet, tuence west ZOO feet, thence souim to the point of beginning. great Westward covered wagon move- trains Motion carried. , MI| lÂ« r seconded by Beck None. domestic tion reaching from the Atlantic warrants for . the county bf! authorlMd and dlrecUa lo WATTAnu fn* BIIAW _i_ i_^._ ^ the Great Salt Lake. NEWSPAPER! alms u allowed: .jr. three (9) 'top-' .'n00: arid Lloyd IB killed by log*. l r ~ 'Jimlt, Your car's o year older nov than Â«v*r H n*.d. this tprlng eondltf A nition on whÂ«eb ii . itro ng Â« M tion.- Help keep An* wneeu. Kcnore wh*r winctt took awÂ» 7 from your car. Get Â« ST e JT t ? P 7 d * igatd for W * *TM8 : * I - C DÂ«in and flulh nd^. M ^ ^^v* Dfiin hose ind ^ fade. *2-Mt^. Check,- ftdd- neceuwy. *Â»-t*t r foft tMetm Air cleaner: dean plug* dan Â«,d re^p, * 4-Cfc.wi, UbrtcttJcn. Wi P Â« off d tnd Â»ppl r fresh' Sttndvd lubrictnts, * B-CrankcaM. Drii", UwHh,um jntt?ItdeIw . v - iJ Check oU filccr. * 8-TrÂ« n*mÂ«i Drain: lamO. sturdy jammer BÂ«de StandnrJ Â·Â£\t- 1-"*"**" 1 *Â·*Â«Â«. detngndrepack. *B-S.-W Check Iighu. detn lenxs; inspect wiper; * i-THw. top*" WCJ G*** "Â« for tepUcemenr, ot recapping- Switch M needed.) * W-W " pholK *r- Â· Buy mote WÂ« Bond, ind Sumps-- ihut your CM. 91 1 II JHJtUHrTlON. . . Ott IT NEWSPAPER!