The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on May 6, 1936 · Page 19
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May 6, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 19

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, May 6, 1936
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Page 19
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE Survey of Income in FarmGroup Study Reports Receipts in Northeast .Iowa Satisfactory. AMES--Northeastern Iowa farmers made satisfactory net farm incomes in 1935, a farm management study released Wednesday by the agricultural economics department at Iowa State college indicates. This is the first year of farm management study in that section. Net farm income for 68 selected farms in the northeast- e'rn'dairy section averaged $2,518 the summary reveals. The farms are located in Aliama- kee, Clayton, Fayette, Winneshiek, Chickasaw and Bremer counties. Carl C. Malpne, of the college agricultural economics staff, assisted the farmers in keeping financial accounts and records of livestock and crop production. The records will be used as a basis for a study of the type of farming under present conditions in Northeast Iowa with particular reference to the dairy enterprise. Income Above Average. The average net income of the farms studied cannot be taken as the average for the section because the average size of farm was 196 acres, somewhat larger than the average for the area, Sir. Malone explained. He added that in general the farms were probably managed with more than average efficiency. Two-thirds, or 45, of these farms had dairy type cattle. One-fourth, or 18, had dual purpose type cattle. Only five farms had cattle which were principally of beef type. Dairy products sales constituted an important part of the income on all of the farms. Average increase m total assets of the farms for the year was $311, of which $225 was in value of breeding cattle, mostly due to the-higher prices. Hogs Head Sales. Total cash sales on the 68 farms averaged $1,293, of which 84 per cent or $3,463 was from livestock and livestock _products. Sale of hogs contributed the largest amount, $l,3So, or 32 ner cent of the total. Dairy products ranked next with an average of ?957, or 22 per cent; cattle sales, $621, or lo per cent; poultry and eggs $419, or 11 per cent; and crop sales, machinery and labor income, corn-hog benefit payments, horses and machinery sold and other small items made up the remaining 20 per cent. Corn-hog benefit payments made up between 5 and 6 per cent of the total cash sales. Of the average total cash expenditures of $2,411. one-third or $809 was for operating- expenses, more than one-fourth, or 5445, for fixed expenses, and of the remainder $5'41 was for new investments in horses and equipment, $343 for. feeds purchased, and $273 for livestock bought. Expenses Also Larger. Those farms with the higher profits had. consistently larger expenses except for fixed expenses. The total cash expenditure of the 22 high profit farms was $2,732. This was $445 more than for the 22 low profit farms. In the high profit group, total sales of $4,864 were almost $1,000 higher than in -the low profit group. Sales of nearly all kinds, especially hogs, were higher. Management return averaged $969, the high profit group averaging $1,809. and the low profit group, $214. Greater efficiency in the use of labor and equipment showed up in the summary for the high profit farms. Treating Seed Corn Farm Machinery Has to Be Oilec In lubricating farm machin ery. you can use the wrong kind of oil or grease, or you can use too little. Either mistake is costlv. It' an ill thermometer tha freezes nobody good. Southern beekeepers are now profiting by the severe winter, which let dead a record number of bee* in apiaries in the northern United States and Canada Owners of these apiaries ar restocking with package bee and queens raised toy southern producers, who are enjoyin, this spring their biggest busi ness in any one season to date Farmers who treat seed corn with mercuric dust, as the one shown above is doing, take no chances on having dry rot diseases hinder germination of seed or growth of the young corn plant. The seed treating machine shown above consists of the crank run diagonally through a barrel with the shaft resting between nails in the supports. Seeds may also be treated by putting it in a large cream can with the mercuric dust and rolling thfi can back and forth until the seed is evenly coated. According to K. H. Porter, extension plant pathologist; treatment of seed corn often results in an increased yield of several bushels an acre in a wet year when conditions "arc favorable to the development of dry rot diseases. 700 Boys in Breeding of Corn, Claim That Is Goal Set by Robinson at Iowa State College. AMES--Seven hundred 1-H orn club members in Iowa onducting corn breeding work n ; s year--that is the record be L. Robinson o£ the Iowa' Jtate college farm crops staff lopes to see attained. Last year for the first time a 3-year educational program n corn breeding and experimentation was started under he sponsorship of the farm rops staff co-operating with he 1-H club department of xtension service. About 400 4-H club members, under the direction and eadership of county agents, received the necessary material : or experimenting with crosses carried on in a scientific manner--between inbred lines; and enough of a double cross, commercial'hybrid seed to ob,ain comparative results with open-pollenated varieties grown ocally. This year the boys who fin- shed the first year of corn jreeding work will be eligible :o receive enough seed stock-single cross hybrids--to plant one-half acre. The boys make a ihorough study of the produc- :ion of certified seed corn, including the isolation of the crossing block and the making of the correct detasseling on ;he parent stock. Mr. Robinson believes that about 300 corn club boys will carry fn first year corn breed- Machinery 2--J. D. Model "D" Tractors. 2--Oil Pull Tractors, priced right, 2--Fordson Tractors. 4--Del-aval Separators. 2--J. D. "GP" Tractors, Good condition. Several Used Gas Engines, cheap. Several Good Disk. Harrows. Horse drawn. Several good Corn Planters. Several good Horses. 1--Fertilizer Attachment for Blackhawk Planter. 1--16-Foot Oliver Disc, new. Cerro Gordo Implement Co. Phone 444 115 Eighth St. S. B, ng work this summer. Seed ;ock, hybrid seed and rnate- lal for making crosses, arc ow being prepared to send to -H club boys wishing to make he study. !hoice of Neenan for Conservation Board Protested SIOUX CITY, UF -- S 1 0 u x ity chapter No. 28 of the zaak Walton league Wednes- ay sent Gov. Clyde L. Herring copy of resolutions protest- ,,=· against the appointment to he Iowa' State Conservatioi ommission of "a citizen o: Sioux City who has never inter ested himself in, nor occupiec limsclf with, the problems of onservation." When Gov. Herring was in Jioux City Saturday, April 25 LC announced the appointment f Dr. E. W. Neenan, dentist, to he conservation commission Dr. Neenan has been presideni of the young democrats club. The Izaak Walton chaptei ses its protest on the grounc "lack of special qualifica ion." The chapter suggest .hat the appointment "wa made for political reasons." Seen Through a Windshield --By A. P. --First real April showery ay coming under the wire on he last day of the month and urnishing the one thing need- ul to start the 193G growing eason. -Iowa roadsides carpeted with blue-green o£ early grass which now is weedless and leautiful. --Grain fields changing from black to green; cattle browsing he tender grass after six months of dry feed; willow buds expanding into leaves; orchard :rees preparing to blow for the ^·rand opening of the 1936 season. -Herd ' of Holsteins all sleeked up and particularly clean looking after the ail day rain--first shampoo of the season. --A dozen waddling ducks with a dozen different inten- :ions, but very deliberate in action, causing a sudden slowing up. accompanied by anathema. Pair Suspected of Swindling Farmer Seized at Keokuk KEOKUK, (/Pi--M. T. Farmer alias Rogers. 39. and Donald Montgomery alias Baker, 32, were taken into custody by sheriff and police here Wednesday. They are believed to be the men wanted in Rockwell City for swindling a farmer out of $200. The men were picked up on suspicion here and were driving a car with a Nebraska license. They will be turned over lo Rockwell City authorities. The Priceless Paper That Prescription your Doctor gave you. What are you going to do" with i t ? Why have it filled, to be sure. Where? Well, imrhaps you haven't thought about that. But let us consider. That slip of paper is pretty important to you, isn't it? it symbolizes Health and Happiness -- just about everything that's worth while in life. Isn't it sufficiently valuable to warrant a little specia care ? Entrust it to a store thai specializes in prescriptions, anc maintains the highest ethica : standards; a. store you can trust as implicitly as your physician. Yes, ours is such a store. 5 South Federal Ave. Phone 8 9 . . . Mason Citj GIVE your af/yint, START TODAY'S FKKD Makes Tomorrow's PuHeis . your cliickfi a fly* D S toward healthy, vigor- heavy-layinp jmllcts by supplying them wltH the essential things they need for rapid growth, health and production -- w i t h o u t waste or high feed coat. Feed VIG-O-TtAY Startinc M a s h-- it ptij's tiack BIG profits In raster, more u n i f o r m growth .ind lowered deaUi losses. VIG-0-RAY 8 K VIOQ-RA.Y Starting Mash contains every element thai chicks require for rapid, healthy growth. It contains a large variety and proper balance oC both vegetable and animal proteins -it is particularly rich in vitamins-a combination unbeatable for rapid growth and disease resistance. See us before you buy poultry or slock, feed-- let us show you how these feeds are prepared and mixed, us ing only highest quality ingredients. They save you money and 51 ve you belter results, LB.HigleyCo. CREAM STATION 109 So. Federal Phone 116 EVERY SLICE IS BETTER BREAD

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