The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 2, 1943 · Page 1
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February 2, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 2, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T OF H I S T O R Y A « 0 - A R C H I V E S . U C M N E S I A VOL. XLIX~ "THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY ' -~~.-, aiMavn i a i X , J . U W A , TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 2. 1943 MIS PAPER COASTS OP- TWO SECTIONS xm ^ ^ ~ ~ ~ ' _____ SECTION O N E NO. 9 9 F. R. MAIN WAR STRATEGY MAPPED Pace for RUSSIANS LESS THAN 40 MILES FROM ROSTOV Events Shape Up for Coming Offensive by Allies Into Europe By JAMES M. LONG , Associated Press War Editor Prime M i n i s t e r Churchill's weekend trip to Turkey with a message from President Roosevelt, and probably clear guarantees of allied aid, appeared Tuesday to have been a diplomatic master stroke to safeguard the eastern Mediterranean/flank for the coming allied attack into Europe * * * The quickening pace of the campaign for a cleanup in Tunisia, and (he relentless drive which carried the Russians to less than 40 miles from Rostov and virtually doomed the weakening German grip in the Caucasus moved the allied armies steadily into position for that offensive. * * J£ American, British and 'French forces were striking out in three sectors ot the western Tunisian ·front while the axis battled desperately to keep its coastal stand from being pinched in two. An American raiding force drove the Germans from the village of Sened, in a thrust .close to Malc- nassy, 33 miles from the Tunisian east .coast, repulsed a eounterat- . tack and ./withdrew on orders after ^compjeting^their rhission. · .,'.--- The^GeiTOaTrhigircoTfmiand^aii- " nounced that the Russians had broken into the last bastion of Ine nazi. suicide army at Stalingrad ·and the Berlin radio said two more generals had been killed in the debacle. The Russians announced in their noon communique that ·German resistance has been broken" in the sector where their forces broke through Mechetins- kaya to within 40 miles of Ros- tov along the railroad from Salsk and they said "the Germans are' retreating under the blows oE our troops." The destruction of the German sixth army at Stalingrad -- perhaps the greatest single disaster in the history of German arms-was in its final hours. * ¥ ·¥ The German high command announced that the defensive ring of the last of the trapped troops had been breached and that the Russians had broken into "the Jast bulwark of the defenders." The Russians announced their closest penetration to Rostov with the occupation of .Zernovoy and Verblyud in the thrust up the railroad from Salsk through the town of Mechetinskaya. ] The noon communique that resistance was collapsing indicated that the sweep toward Rostov was gaining momentum in sharp menace to the last land escape corridor lor perhaps 200,000 Germans hurled back into the northwest Caucasus. Tlie red army also drove within ·id miles of Krasnodar. G5 miles of Kursk and 75 miles of Kharkov One Russian force was 56 miles- northeast of Krasnodar, one of the nazis last bases in the western Caucasus, in a thrust down the _ rail line from Tikhoretsfc. Another driving up from the Maikop oil' fields, was 30 miles southeast of the base. Kursk; fortified link between the German central and southern front defense lines, was menaced anew by a frontal drive which the Russians said carried through Kshen, half-way to Kursk from Voronezh. This xvas an 18-mile advance from captured Kastornaya. The salient was widened by the red army's occupation of the town of Yasl- rcbovka, JO miles south of ' Kshen. * * W Tightening th e pincers closing upon Khadkov. the main German stronghold south of Kursk the Russians seized Svatova. 95 miles beyond previously recaptured Stsrobelsk, Kharkov also was threatened by another red army column at Ura- jpva. 7a miles due east of the German base. On the Tunisian front. United · were closing in on Maknassy in a thrust that might cut off the coastal road along the wilt of Gabes and pinch the axis position in two. A spokesman at allied headquarters announced that the Americans had captured Ihc village of Sened, reported Mon- CONFER ABOARD U. S. DESTROYER-On d e c k o f a United states destroyer in th 5S? "p er *frtf 1 ;** Nata1 ' Brazi1 ' follnvi "S a conference "it Oeft to r K Him- day to have been by-passed by advance units of a force driving inward Maknassy from northeast of Gafsa. * * * At that time n second American force was reported pushing southward toward Maknassy from the vicinity of Sidi Bouzid. Maknassy is 33 miles from the eastern Tunisian coast where the axis was trying desperately to hold open a line of withdrawal for Marshal Rommel. Heavy fighting also was reported on two other sectors of the w e s t e r n Tunisian battlefront Americans, flanked, by French were fighting against heavy German resistance in an effort to win back Faid Pass which the Germans captured earlier in a six- mile thrust toward Sidi Bouzid north, the British were opposed - by German troops supported by 52-ton tanks in fighting along a road leading from Pont dii Fans. An allied communique said "the enemy made a slight gain in the hills southwest o£ Pont du * * * r v ' R e p o r t s were heard In London that the Xorth African campaign might be unified under Lieut. Dwight D. Eisenhower who would be elevated to full general. Groundhog's Afraid He Will Be Seized in Meat Shortage But He Doesn't Believe ' Rationing of Weather Has Been Started Yet By MILLIARD A. SCHENDORF SUCCASUNNA. N. J., (IP)--The groundhog adjusted his pine net and buried his nose in the front page of a newspaper. "Rationing." he mused. ''But they coulfjji'l have rationed the weather." It was getting laic. The groundhog was due to make his traditional first appearance of the year, then cither dive back into bed or comb his hair to stay topside for a while. * * * "Only a groundhog never did know anything about the weather," the marmot lisped softly, lest someone hear. "IF it did, would it be only a groundhog?" Where was the weather? All these years," the groundhog had been basing his predictions on the weather reports in the papers. An adventurcus pixie hung by its feet from the electric light overhead. 'Whais the matter, G. H.?" asked the pixie. "It's the weather," grunted G. H' "I can't find it." The pixie grinned. "There's a war on. Haven't you heard? The weather's gone with the gasoline.'' Unbelief was registered on the sensitive face of the stocky little animal. The weather gone? Calamity had .struck. Tragedy had visited the little home. )Thc groundhog thumbed the newspaper sadly. Suddenly he stiffened. His reddish-brown fur stood on end electrically. It wasn't the weather that did it. He leaped into bed in a series of amazing gyrations. IIORSERURGERS POPULAR IN' SHORTAGE OF MEAT Washington Finds Muskrat Tasty Substitute for Scarce Beef, Pork and VeaL Thus spake the headlines. "What an escape," quavered the stricken beast. "Anything could happfrn. even ..." It was just tco much.. And so, gentfe reader, lliat is why the groundhog failed to show up in 1943. CAIRO, U,R--A gigantic allied* grand strategy program ncarecl the action stage Tuesday alter a secret visit by Prime Minister Winston Churchill to the middle east, climaxed by a two-day conference" with President Ismet Inonu and other Turkish political and military leaders. It was revealed Monday that Churchill had come to Egypt aft- ~;r his momentous Casablanca inference with President" Roose- - , D _ Q .., /elt, at which the basis was laid to provide a 19 per cent for allied offensive action to Opposes Rural Plan to Skip One Year of Liability for Levy WASHINGTON, UP) -- Enactment of pay-as-you-go tax legis- withholding tax alter de'ductioiis for millions of America's income tax payers was urged Tuesday by the treasury. It flatly opposed" the Ruml plan to skip one year of tax liability to make income payments current. Randolph E. Paul, treasury general counsel, stressed the importance of prompt action as he told the house ways and means committee that a 19 per cent withholding, tax. equivalent to the levy provided for by the normal six per cent income tax plus the 13 per cent surtax rate on the rollection problem and avoid unnecessary refunds. The normal tax and first bracket of surtax income includes the first 82,000 of taxable income alter deductions. ¥ W * Paul said the proposed withholding rate would make fully current in their income tax payments about 70 per cent of the estimated 44,000,000 taxpayers.. He proposed that congress provide for deferment of 19»2 tax liabilities during the period of transition to the new -- " - · - · · " · · · Paul told the committee that inauguration of the collection at the source system "should certainly not begin later than July 1 of this year/' Opposing the p r o p o s a l of Beardsley Ruml, New York department store executive, to put taxpayers on a current payment basis by forgiving all 1942 taxes, Paul said: "In the light of the revenue needs of the government and the equitable "distribution of the tax burden c o m p l e t e forgiveness seems very undesirable. Complete doubling up (payment of two years taxes in one) would undoubtedly be too harsh for some taxpayers. Accordingly, deferment of payment of taxes for the transition year to the extent necessary to relieve such hardships appears to be desirable." The treasury tax official read a 17-page statement to the committee. Discussing the effect ot forgiveness on federal revenues he said: * * * "The tax liability of the tax- Payer is an asset of the government, although it is not counted as such in the general accounts of the government. Forgiving a year's tax would wipe out assets of this kind amounting (o close to ten billion dollars-- the estimated amount of individual tax liabilities on 1942 income * * * "The government by forgiving a years tax liabilities would be discarding assets as a businers would that canceled its accounts receivable from customers. Such a business might be able to maintain its receipts by going on a cash sales basis. Yet no one would say that the business had not lost assets to the extent of the accounts canceled." Paul said that "it seems imperative that the collection at the source system should be based oh marital and dependency exemptions allowed under the law Paul was called as the committees first witness on the pay-as- you-go tax proposals. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Warmer Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night; low temperature Tuesday night 12: not much change in temper- alurc Wednesday forenoon. IOWA: Warmer in the north central and cast portions Tuesday night. Somewhat warmer in the southwest and extreme west portions Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon. MINNESOTA: Warmer Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday 17 Minimum Monday night -5 At 8 a. m. Tuesday -2 YEAR AGO: Maximum ]4 Minimum R Cleanup in Tunisia Quickens Churchill Meets With HIGHLIGHTS OF ~^ T ^^^^^^^^smTm Turkish Chief ; Al|lcd *·* PARLEY PAY-AS-YOU-GO Strate gy Nears Action GIVEN TO PRESS T»V nnnnnOll *^ R °~~TM-S?"" 6 -^!* * * * * * * * Says Problem in NortK crush the axis into unconditional surrender. * * * From Egypt, after conferences with allied military and political authorities and talks With Premier Nahas Pasha of Egypt. Churchill held a dramatic two-day conference in a railroad train, on a siding at the Turkish frontier station of Ycu- idje. with the Turkish chieftains. Churchill and the military and political aides who accompanied him flew to Turkey in two giant consolidated liberator planes made in the United States. The military staff talks between Turkish and British army men continued until Monday morning after proceeding all during the Churchill-lnonu -meetings Satur- da3' and Sunday. * * * Returning here, he issued his first statement since the conclusion of the Casablanca conference to summarize the momentous 18 days starting Jan. 14 when he met President Roosevelt. -"The .world struggle is .proceeding with gathering i momentum toward its climax . . '. So far as we have gone we have every reason to rejoice," he said. Radiating complete confidence that She allies were on the way to certain and complete victory, Churchill said of his conference with the Turks: "It 'is clear that the ancient friendship between Great Britain and Turkey, which was slashed across by the tragedy of the Jast war, has no\v been revived in its fullest strength and sincerity." Churchill summarized the two chief war theaters as follows: A F R I C A--Very con s i d erable fighting must be expected in the next few "months and weeks." He was confident that the Germans and Italians would be removed speedily from the entire African continent and thus the menace in the south, so grave when he was last in Cairo in August, 1942. would be removed. RUSSIA--"The situation there may well- prove permanent and fatal" for the axis. The menace from the north has been removed by Russia's spectacular victories "The tremendous feats of arms performed by the Russians under Stalin, a great warrior whose name will rank with those most honored in the history of the Russian peoples.'' * * * Of his conference with the Turks, Churchill pointed to the joint communique which announced agreements on the present situationjn Europe, "and particularly those regions in which Turkey is directly interested, the manner in which Great Britain and the United States would be able to help Turkey materially to consolidate her own general defensive security," and on post-war problems. * * * "I am sure the communique will show we had an important conference which undoubtedly had a relation to general world conditions,", he said. "It would not be wise to try to read in it anything other than what it says." He cautioned n e w s p a p e r s against "audacious speculation into the mysteries of the future." But it was no myslorv that Adolf Miller's logical paths, if in his desperation hd essayed new attacks on neutral countries, were in the direction of Turkey, in the south and Sweden in the north. * * * Sweden has gone (o great length in recent days to warn the world in general that anybody who invades Swedish soil would get a fight. It seemed hardly likely that the significance of the Anglo-Turkish conference would escape the Germans. Turkey has always said it would Tight any invader. wav to British British ri are always sending it aid. . ai 2 )ol ; U whcro y icwly arrived for the Turkish air force. It was revealed that Churchill liad come to.Egypt, and gone to Turkey, that in- of President Roosevelt and Premier Josef Stalin was formed in advance. Both the president and Stalin are being informed directly o£ the results. Slalin is an important figure in any allied talks with Turkey bacause Russia is Turkey's neighbor and both the United States and Britain have been working for months to d I, f h, * · fCVCf " C , C - Wcrc 2D h u i n r p n r h-i-itcr planes ISMET INONU --President of Turkey the Cull knowledge Turkey accord. bring and Russia into close Egypt also is important in the allied program which is shape rapidly no.w, and taking at hi ^m.^j^ i njjiui j llU ( i\ T « i l l U U L 1115 press conference Churchill praised its role during the course of the once critical struggle in Africa. McNutt Tells Plan to Meet Service Need WASHINGTON, (.·?)--war Man. power Commissioner Paul V. Me- Kutt told the house military affairs --committee Tuesday that "by the ' n i l ^ Giraud said ne could end oC this year 10 out of every 14 250,000 men with some m of (ho able-bodied men between 'raining in the field, but ; 18 and 38 will be in the armed services/' McNult made the statement during discussion of the college training program being worked out for the armed services. * * * In reply to questions of committee members he stipulated that the men in that age group' would be serving "as fighting men'' by the end of this year. He explained that his figures included only "those who can pass the physical requirements of the armed services." "Do you mean t h a t three- fourths of the able bodied men between 18 and 38 will be in the army or the navy?" asked Representative Brooks (D.-La.) ' "Yes, sir," McNutt replied. * * * He did not elaborate, and committee members did not press him, explaining later the meeting was to have dealt only with the college program. * * * Neither would McNiitt discuss the subject with reporters, and when asked what proportion of men between 18 and 38 now were in the armed services, he replied: ^'That is a matter oC arithmetic. It's a matter of record." Committee members said they believed that ten out of every 14 able-bodied men between 18 and 38, without children, already were in service, the only ones in that group left in civilian life being those with children, physical defects, or occupational deferments. Any move for wholesale induction of men with children, they said, would face congressional opposition so long as men without children were available. Says Problem in North Africa Is Essentially a Military One WASHINGTON, (/?)--President Roosevelt said Tuesday his Casablanca conference with Winston Churchill was one to win the war and to fulfill the promise he made in his annual message to congress that the united nations would strike hard in Europe. The chief executive, talking at press conference, spoke principally in generalities of the meeting and supplied most of the new details in the nature of anecdotes. * * * But he did emphasize the words of his January message in which he promised new blows at the axi.T in Europe and said that Jus parley with Churchill was in fulfillment of that declaration. Mr. Roosevelt said that he thought the highlight of the North Africa meeting \vas the formal reemphasis placed on a belief that there should be no negotiated armistice, only an unconditional surrender by the axis. There were two highlights. Mr. Roosevelt said, of his stop on the way home to talk with President Vargas of Brazil. One, he explained, is the greatly increased effort Brazil is making to combat submarines The second, he said, is an agreement that the peace to' come must eliminate any future threat from the African coast to the portion of this hemisphere lying closest to Africa. The president dwelt at some length on the situation in French Xorth Africa, especially the political problems. He said he thought things were going along preily well. The problem in North Africa, he said, is essentially a military one * * ¥ Mr. Roosevelt said that anyone who tried to stir up talk of disputes between Generals Charles De Gaulle and Henri Giraud French leaders, was helping the cause of the enemy. He volunteered the information t h a t every effort was being made to supply modern arms for-a French army under Giraud. The chief executive remarked he could put military ^* -- -- -.--..., wkii appar-- ently had raised his sights since the Casablanca conference. Since then, Girnud has spoken of an army of 300,000. After giving a word of praise to the press and radio for living up faithfully to the request of the office of. censorship that secrecy be maintained about the movements of his party, the president noted that he never was out o£ touch with Washington, even while travelling by air. He placed Ihc length ot his trip at 16,965 miles. * * * The whole j o u r n e y . Mr. Roosevelt said, was essentially a military mission. At Casa- lilanca. he said. plans were drafted for winning the war-d r a f t e d as far ahead as possible--and in this case they covered the calendar year 1313. At t h u t point he read a paragraph from his message to congress, the paragraph which he said the Casablanca conference. was designed to fulfill. It said: "I can not prophesy. I can not tell you when or where the united nations are going to strike next in Man, 70, Gets Divorce; Won't Marry Again RENO, N e v., UJ.R--Two years S o k a n e a ec d c h c "just couldn't get along" with his " wifc - Cuertin vas granted a di- VOl ' CC Monda y- W'Si asked if he c «nte"P«atcd another marriage, he replied: "I «l,niiW «iv not " Europe. But we are oing to . strike -- and strike hard. I can not tell you whether we are going lo hit them in Norway, or through the low countries, or in France, or through Sardinia or Sicily, or through the Balkans, or through Poland -- or at several points simultaneously. But 1 can tell you that no matter where and when we strike by land, u-c and the British and the Russians will hil them from the air heavily and relentlessly. Day in and day out we shall heap tons upon tons of explosives on their war factories and utilities and seaports." Mr. Roosevelt reported that he and Churchill and their combined staffs had reached unanimous agreement on how to fulfill that statement. * ¥ * The conferees were in complete touch with Joseph Stalin and Generalissimo Chiang Kai- Shek, he added, speaking with a measure of sarcasm about sug- " gcstioiis which he said came from certain people that those two lenders should have been i» on the parley. / He directed attention to llic fact (hat Russia is not at war with

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