The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 2, 1945 · Page 1
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February 2, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Friday, February 2, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. LI FHM wd Bolted Pim YuH inv» cost* · ce»»i MASON crrr. IOWA. WUDAY. FEBKUABY z 1945 tbta Fwr COMiKj o» Two S«cUnn. Strtlco OM NO. II INSIDE WASHINGTON Navy Surgeon General's Wife Help* Teach Blind · Br HELEN ESSJUtf , Central rresj Ccluubt · Washington -- Vice Adm. Ross T. Mclntire, surgeon general of the United States navy and also special physician to the president of the United States, has a friendly and charming'wife.rPolly. Polly Mclntire is popular wherever she goes; Particularly so at the hospitals where she has been working with, convalescent war veterans who do not know her name and important place in the capital. Mrs. Mclntire is · an expert on Braille and has" helped,, teach many/ men with-eye wounds to read with their fingers.. , To one of these last war victims ' she "said the other day: "I'm sorry I can't come, here but once a week. I have . a. lot -to do somewhere else." · · · - . - : The .soldier, disappointed at the prospect of losing, Mrs. Mclntire, demanded to know -what work could be more important- than helping him and his kind. ."Well, if -you insist," said the enthusiastic Polly, '"I am housekeeper for Adm. Mclntire. I cook for him. I sweep, dust and mend his socks and buy his food." SMASH ACROSS ODER Yanks Converge On Manila From 2 Sides OUTFLANK JAP LINES "Humph!" thoughtfully. said the. soldier "Is that so! Well, if you do all that work, why don't you divorce your husband and marry the old goat!" (Note --'· Adm. M c l n t i r e is a handsome fellow and one of the youngest admirals in the navy. Hardly more .than a kid. He is ·telling the. story on himself with much pleasure.) - . . · - , = * ' · ,H. The army intelligence is naturally empftatic in urging everybody in its huge/outfit to be careful not to say anything that could possibly give information to the enemy. That there are spies in Washington is accepted as a fact, A contingent o£ WACs training in the capital for military intelligence was warned so many times to be cautious in their conversation Hhat when one of ,the WACs was given 2 dogs, the corps chris- May Already Have -Reached Manila Bay General Mac Arthur's Headquarters, Luzon, (U.PJ -- American tanks and infantrymen converged on Manila from 2 sides Friday. The.capital and the entire Japanese defense system in southern Luzon ; were outflanked ' with a- surprise landing 13 miles below the mouth of Manila Bay. Amphibious forces of the U. S. 8th army, knifing into tbe enemy's thinly-held west coast defenses for the'3rd time in 48 hours, swarmed ashore early Wednesday at Na- sugbu Bay, 11 miles southwest of Manila. I The landing was completed tened the "Shush." - hounds: "Hush" anfl · An informal estimate of . the parties incidental and.coincidental to tthe "inauguration indicated that, ·9.908,764.5 '.persons -went to-.some ·'. f-Hiirt of''-,.· .Washington: inaugural ""' celebration.' - The : - fivertenths'r or half a person. referg stp; the'. man Who :was sliced m 2 trying to get inside 'a revolving door. There iare those criti cs who might say there are not. 9,908,764.5 residents of the capital.- Therefore this number is exaggerated. To explain, many capitalites and visitor guests ot caoitalites went to 5 and 6 parties a day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday respectively.' What was eaten and drunk at these parties by the hungry, thirsty millions. Ah! there's another matter. The white house food was quite properly meager. But some of the others, particularly the big Saturday eve feast of Democratic National Committee Chairman Robert H a n n e g a n , served such lush buffets and such sparkling champagne^-and still, evil whisky that '·· the republicans are pointing with pride to these menus. ' "Ha!" they say. "This serves the country right for electing a democrat again. I mean a new dealer. Where does all the money come i from? And what about the black market?" , - · · - . At the white house luncheon, however. I heard several, anti- new dealers say while glaring at their spoonful of chicken salad: "At least, if you'd have let the republicans in, you would have had something -to eat at an inaugural luncheon." Mr: Lincoln must have been right. You can't please all the people hardly any of the time. · The white house is settling down after its weekend .commotion. The mud dropped from inaugural visitors' feet has. been swept out. And the last damp ball of paper napkins has been picked up. Among the linen napkins, there is only one missing. I heard a luncheon guest say as he grabbed the napkin from'a messy plate: '-This here goes straight in my pocket. It's my first souvenir of Washington. The white house won't see this no more." without loss. and at last reports the Americans were advancing inland through weak opposition at a pace that may already have carried them to the shores o£ Manila Bay, within artillery range of Corregidor. The new thrust broke open the back' door to Manila, already menaced by U- S. 6th army veterans moving down from the north. The 6th army's 37th (Buckeye) division was reported 20 miles or less north of the capital, on and probably beyond the Angat river line below Calumpit. Gen. Doujlas MacArthur's com- munique said the 37th's patrols were operating freely throughout the area, indicating that the Japanese were nuking no attempt at a determined itond above"the a.vl- tt?.--^V^WXf-:£^fttZfZ;i : Caught between the'. 2 American columns, -the Japanese in ^Manila' faced the prospect: of retreating southeastward around the shores of Laguria De Bay 'within the next few days or being trapped and annihilated inside the city. Their only other alternative was a flight to Corregidor for a death stand on "The Rock." As the battle for Manila moved into its final stage, there was fierce fighting in the foothills of the Zambales mountains 50-odd miles to the northwest, where several thousand, Japanese were being bombed and shelled out^of their hilltop positions just west of Clark field and Fort Stotsenburg. At last accounts, American Planes and artillery were cutting the enemy force to pieces with an almost-continuous bombardment, clearing the way for an infantry .assault to dislodge tbe Japanese survivors. The communique said another 60 enemy artillery pieces of various calibers had been captured or destroyed in the Fort Stotsenburg area, in addition to those already reported. the 18 mile wide base of Bataan peninsula from the recaptured Olongapo naval base at the head of Subic bay. Vanguards of the eighth army were reported nearing Dinaluhipan, 13 miles east of Olpngapo, where they were expected to seal off the peninsula by joining sixth army forces moving down from Lubao, 10 miles to the northeast. Far to 'the north, other sixth army forces beat, down savage Japanese opposition northeast and east of the Lineayen gulf beach- leads.' An enemy column.was am- mshed and destroyed on the Um- ingan-BalunKao road near the eastern end of the American line. Che Japanese suffered heavy casualties and eight of their medium .anks, eight artillery pieces. 15 ·racked vehicles and many supply irucks were destroyed or captured. In the upper Agno river sector 10 miles north, of Unungan, American troops drove lour miles east of Tayug to the Nativad area, while three miles farther north they captured San Nicolas after a six mile advance eastward from San Manuel. American heavy b o m b e r s dropped 152 tons of bombs on Corregidor and the Cavite naval base in Manila bay, while other raiders swept the enemy's road lines and airfields in northern Luzon, destroying five grounded planes at Loag and Taguegarao aircrromes and sinking a small freighter and eight barges off the island's north coast. ; Fishier-escorted P-T \ 7»ts sank another coastal .vessel, two barges and tivo small "craft in a sweep SENATE GROUP DELAYS VOTE ON MANPOWER Agrees to Centralize Control of National Service Under Byrnes Washing toft, (IP) --The s e n a t e military committee .voted Friday manpower Mobilizer around the «ast coast of : Luzon. .7tong"-;range.V American' ^fighters destroyed s«;:'toa:'prbbally'icight ' ' Considerably weaker resistance faced the U. S. eighth army spearheads advancing eastward across to centralize coercive controls under .' War Byrnes but delayed until Saturday a final vote on its , adoption of limited national service legislation. ' - , The house, in passing I Is bill Thursday to keep men 18 to 45 in essential jobs or force them to take such jobs under penalty of induction, fine or imprisonment, provided that the controls should be administered by local d r a f t boards. The senate committee, however, adopted a series of amendments which Chairman Thomas (b., Utah) said would have the general effect of giving Byrnes' office overall control. "The reason for that," Thomas said, "is that it is deemed by everybody that this is a national endeavor and should be directed by a national institution." Thomas told reporters 'after the closed committee session that the bill probably will be reported fav- prsbly : Saturday but added:. · ' ; better nndeneore ,« ESCAPED FROM BEHIND NAZI LINES IN YUGOSL AVIA -- U. S. air force combat crewmen, who escaped from behind iiazi lines in Yugoslavia, are shown as they arrived safely at a U. S. air field in Italy on their way to a replacement center. The men are Lt. Carl H. Voss of Philadelphia, Sgt. Harold Sykes of Stelton, N. J., and Sgfc. Fred A. Dodge of West Point, Pa. They are wearing blankets given them by the Yugoslavs. Yank, French Troops Storm Into North End of Col mar By JAMES M. LONG Paris, (IPj--American and French troops broke into the northern end of Colmar, provincial French capital 40 miles south o£ Strasbourg, at noon Friday after clearing 30 miles of the left bank of the Rhine and laying siege to the Neufbrisach*^ light sweep' : by e r '"Formosa ! ^a other raiders set fire to 10,000 tori enemy tanker, south of the Sakish- ima islands.- ; ' . . ' - . (Tokyo broadcasts recorded by FCC Monitors in New York said Japanese submarines torpedoed and probably sank two large American transports agd an oil tanker off the west coast of Luzon Tuesday and that an American submarine was sunk by air action somewhere in the western Pacific.) Chicago Health Columnist Dies Chicago, (U.R)--Dr. Irving S. Cutter, 69, health editor of the Chicago Tribune and former dean of Northwestern university medical school, died Friday at Passavant hospital where he had been a r patient several weeks. Cutter was known as an advocate of moderate living, a pioneer in urging air-conditioned ; , »Wjf;ra3ns eomMitteriS TOJeft with ' - ' bridge from a mile away. At 6 p. m., supreme headquarters said the allies had reached the center of Coltnar and -were fighting in the streets. On the 'central front where 'the American first and; 3rd armies ' ' *0..rnil* sector , . : The house: passed its bili,:246 to 165. '-: · · · · · . ' ' - . . · ' - · - ' . Even before the senate committee met, there had been indications of a movement to centralize authority. House military committee members who wrote the measure mentioned this. They said they understood 'the war and navy departments and the WMC were backing the drive. Such a move, said Chairman Waterloo Boy Acts as Human Gun Mount With U. S. 7th Army, W)--An attack on a 45th division company command post was beaten back recently with help of a machine- gun fired from the back of Cpl. Willard Gabriel, Waterloo. "We had to fire the machine- gun out a window," Gabriel explained, "but there was nothing to rest the gun on. I slung the barrel on my shoulder, placed myself at the window andjold one of the boys to start shooting." The lowan was a success as a human gun mount. Although outnumbered, the Americans had accounted for 16 Germans killed, 6 wounded and 15 captured by the \ time the clash ended. ings as a health measure and was credited a leader in bringing the battle against syphilis into the Damort S.Fabian Daoupan SAN FERNANDO May (D.-Ky.) of the house military committee will be resisted when the bill goes to conference to compose any differences between the 2 branches of congress. The House specifically and emphatically refused to give the WMC broad authority over the job movements of men. It.also rejected, but only by a 10-vdte margin, a proposal to substitute a voluntary manpower recruitment plan for the coercive features of the May measure. hrough lines of dragon teeth bar- .ers 4 miles east of Krinkelt. No lermans were .found Thursday ight, but Friday morning mortar ire-was encountered. The ' 8Znd- division .took . tiny ientiof at the southern cdft of :in the line ^ vision advanced 3 mil« eastward toward the village of Schoonesci- feca 10 miles inside Germany and 20 southwest of the Important traffic center of Euskirchen. German defenses however were stiffening. The doughfeet crossed the German border · south of Monschau and fought into the streets of Un- derbreth, a village in the Siegfried line itself. Nearby Rams- theid and Neuhof were captured. The Germans started fighting from some of the thick concrete pillboxes, many of which had been abandoned. The best weather in 10 days allowed hundreds of fighter bomb- Jnflwiibr^ltn^iL^-, ;seU. The Vcipture - wav quarter mile advance just after daylight.- : - North of the 40-mile section of he Siegfried line under attack, a 7-mile string of the fortifications Iready had been captured. This tart of the line extended from lorthwest of the Roer river town f IJnnich to the Monschau sector outheast,of Aachen. At points opposite the Ardennes mountains, the 3rd army had advanced 4 miles into Germany, 'roops neared Belialf, 6 miles rom Prum and 3 inside the reich. the controversial "anti - closed shop" ; and "anti-discrimination" amendments so bitterly contested, the bill represented a triumph for the democratic leadership. A breakdown of the house vote showed 65 republicans and one minor party member joining 180 democrats in favor of' the bill. Lined upin opposition were 116 republicans, 48 democrats and one minor party member. Briefly, the bill authorizes the director of war mobilization to designate essential industries and empowers local draft boards to. freeze into existing jobs or to order into more essential work all men of draft age. Failure of a man to heed a draft board directive could result in his immediate induction or in a 510,000 fine and : 5 years in prison. The legislation provides appeal procedure, requires draft boards to give meiv a reasonable choice of employers and allows payment of travel costs for men taking assigned jobs away from home. It also gives them re-employment priorities in their old jobs, protection from mortgage foreclosures and relief/from other obligar ^ tions if the job shift impairs their financial condition. Bay .Tour IVar B o n d s -and' Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. ALLIED CAPTIVES FREED, LUZON GAINS CONTIN^ UE--Cross and circle locate Cabu,.where an American raiding party struck behind enemy lines on Luzon to free 513 alh'ed captives from a Japanese prison camp. Arrows indicate American drives to. clear Luzon; heavy lines show penetration. Latest major gains'are the capture of.Olpri- gapo and Subic Bay and art advance to Calumpit, north' of I Manila. Another allied force, made a landing Thursday. No Shadow for Mr. Groundhog Mason City's official groundhog beat a hasty retreat back in his hole Friday; but there was no doubt about it--northern Iowa will have an early spring. The little furry fellow came out yawning early in the morning, only to find the ground covered with a fresh inch of snow and more coming. But, despite practical indications to the contrary, the old prognosticate said that spring would be early this year. Reason: No shadow. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazelle carrier boy. ers to batter German railroads. While the Americans were hammering the main Siegfried fortifications at several paints south ol the 31-mile Aachen gap, Gen, Eis- enhowe'r and Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley, commander of the 12th army group, completed a mysteri- o'os 24-hour conference on "current operations." The fact that supreme headquarters made the announcement appeared to be a lip that something was brewing. A dispatch from Field Marsha! Montgomery's 2Ist army group headquarters in the north saic there were "indications the battle for the Siegfried defenses in the Monschau sector would be heavy and long.' German guns in the double line of fortifications increased shelling of the Americans, who were ad vancing through deep slush. Thi guns had been mostly quiet unti the assault troops reached main defenses, which were unde incessant bombardment f r o m large American cannon. North of Strasbourg, Lt, Gen Alexander M. Patch's 7th army troops who fought across *the Mo der river contained a Germa tank-supported counter-attack in side Oberhoffen. Another raidin force crossed the Moder betwce Haguenau and fechweighouse an inflicted heavy losses. Continued thaws slowed some what the American 1st and 3r army onslaughts along a 40-mile section of the Siegfried line opposite the erased Ardennes bulge. Despite their apparent weakness in the line, the Germans still were moving troops eastward and allied air power late Thursday banged at Rhine bridges and railyards to disrupt the flow toward the eastern front. The Americans widened their stand inside Germany by capturing Laudesfeld, 6 miles east of St. Vith JTid a little more than 7 from the heavily fortified rail center of Prum. The U. S. 3rd army advanced up to 2 miles inside Germany beyond the Our river below St. Vith. capturing Heckhuscheid, Grosslangenfeld Winterscheid and several other German hamlets west of I Prum. The 1st and 82nd divisions of the 1st army resumed their prob- ings of t h e west wall to the north, and f o u n d a few pillboxes manned. The 1st division went APPROVE INCOME TAX FORGIVENESS Legislature Passes Two Year^E^tension; . Expect Blue to Sign -' . SUBS SINK 10 ENEMY VESSELS Navy Announces Actioh in Far Eastern Waters Washington, (^--United States submarines have sunk 10 more en- The navy announcing this Frl- emy vessels in far' eastern waters. day, said the toll Included Z medium cargo transports, 2 medium 'ankers, 3 small cargo vessels, a large transport, a medium transport and a small tanker. The announcement raised to 9B9 the tola! of Japanese ships sunk by submarines, including 104 combatant and 885 non-combatant ships. Submarine sinkings announced since the first of this year have totaled 65 ships, including 5 combatant vessels, a cruiser, a destroyer and 3 escort craft. U. S- submarines lost from all causes since the start of the war have totaled 36. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with occasional light snow and slowly rising temperature. Low Friday night 15. Iowa: Cloudy with occasional light snow or freezing drizzle Friday night and Saturday. Rising temperatures. Minnesota: Cloudy with occasional very light snow south and central portions, with some freezing drizzle southwest portion Friday night and Saturday, rising temperature. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Thursday 13 Minimum Thursday 7 At 8 a. m. Friday 10 Snowfall l Inch YEAR AGO: · Maximum 34 Minimum 28 Precipitation Trace ture' completed.'actldn'oa tiie^con? troversial state income ftax-i.'bill Friday by approving a measure extending f o r - 2 more years the present 50 per cent:forgiveness on tax payments. The bill now goes to Gov. Robert D. Blue for his expected approval. The house payed the way for final action by voting 88 to 16 for the 2-year extension of the 50 per cent rate, and the senate a few minutes later placed its stamp of approval on the bill with a 44 to 2 vote. The senators opposing the measure were Ralph W. Zastrow (R- Charles City) and J. Kendall Lynes (R-Plainfield), both among the supporters of the Iowa Farm Bureau bloc urging 100 per cent tax payments. The senate«passed the bill last week extending the half-rate for 3 more years--on income earned in 1944-45-46. Subsequent to that action, the house ways and means committee had approved the 50 per cent forgiveness for 1944 incomes only. Owing to the differences In the bill as passed by the 2 chambers, the measure had to return to the senate for its consideration of the house provisions. The final vote in the house came' after the. representatives voted 63 to 42 to make the extension for 2 years instead ot one, as recommended by the ways and means committee. Gov. Hobert D. Blue said in his inaugural address that he favored "no additional taxes and no new taxes during the war emergency." While' he since has declined to amplify his position, -he has said that anyone who would- read his entire address would know his position on the forgiveness controversy. Those in favor of continuing the forgiveness summed up Iheir arguments in the house as follows: The state treasury already has a sizable surplus, federal taxes are burdensome and the 50 per cent ZHUKOV FORCES ON BOTH SIDES OF FRANKFURT Report Assaults on Kustrin Fortress Abo Underway London, -- The Germans reported Friday that powerful Russian forces massing along the Oder east of Berlin were trying to smash across that last big barrier before the capital, in the streets of which the terrified civilians were throwing up barricades. The German high command clamped a blackout on news from the sector as one military commentator told of the attempted crossing in the area at Kustria, 40 miles east of Berlin. · Berlin radio accounts said Marshal Gregory Zhukov had brought up strong forces alo"ng the Oder on both sides of Frankfurt and that assaults to reduce the fortress of Kustrin, were underway. The German communique, however, completely omitting mention of the sector, said the 1 .Russians everywhere else except: in East Prussia,- had been checked after hard fighting and Moscow dispatches said Zhukov had run into thick minefields, and a hard, shell of German armor along .trie 90- mile front threatening the German capital. , Declaring the capital could and would be defended, Hitler's newspaper said "German armed forces are in a position to build barriers which the enemy, who has crossed the Oder with very email forces only, cannot even threaten." Heavy fighting raged on a line · from the area of Glogau, on the Oder 115 miles southeast ot Bery lin, to Kustrin, in trie angle'.ol the Oder; and-rWa'rthe' .easVanoY '·light?' - ."-ThereJ was"^ntr furtherTr^prai'l^E ^-fv- thejrituatiori'at Kustruvwb*r«t!»* Germans Thursday-said the'-Sus^ sians drove into that highly ""fortified point and reached the Oder just to the northwest in a sector 30 to 40 miles from the capital. The Germans declared they had thrown the Russians out of Kustrin, and that thousands of German men, women and children were being rushed io tbe east to dig a great system of trenches to make Berlin a "bloody disappointment" for the Russians. ' Moscow dispatches reported, however that Zhukov was working to bring up stronger forces, was massing his infantry .and storm guns close behind his tank spearheads and that the "storming of the Oder is not too distant a project." Fires raged in the threatened capital from an RAF night bombing, heightened the confusion of the city, and Russian ranged the. roads from planes Berlin jammed with traffic bound for the front. Although the Germans declared the Russians had been thrown out of Kustrin, 40 miles from Berlin, they referred to this as the "first attack" and Indicated that strong soviet forces might have been brought up for a full scale assault. This centuries old town, with its fortress built by Frederick the Great, was within range of the guns of the Russians for the 2nd. time in its history, Moscow accounts said. The Russians stormed it in the 7 Years war. The Russians now were inside Germany in Silesia, Brandenburg and Pomerania on a front. But it was the 375-mile Germans who told of the closest approach to Berlin. By Moscow account these were the distances of the red army from these immediate objectives on the Berlin front: Kustrln--About 11 miles, from the sector southwest of Dnhrincs- , hof. This would be about 51 miles ; from Berlin and the nearest ap- collections produced nearly as proach vet reported in Moscow' much in the last 2 years as the full rate tax did previous to that.' Those who wanted to let the tax go back to 100 per.cent or who wished to extend the forgiveness for only one year said the time to prepare for adversity is in the time of prosperity, that if greater stnte aid is given to schools'-and state institutions are permitted to majce long overdue improvements t h e forgiveness must be held to not more-than one year. Proponents of school code legislation would increase the annual state aid to schools by about S12,- 000.000 a year and the board of control and state educational institutions also want many lions for improvements. mil- CUT MEAT RATIOV Canberra, Australia, tiP)--Prime Minister John Curtin Friday announced a reduced civilian meat ration scale beginning Feb. 26 because of a decline in production I as a result of a long drought. dispatches. Zielenzig, in the Warthe - Oder jcnd--4 to 5 miles, from the re- on west ot Gleisen. The Germans reported the Russians in the Zie- .enzig area several days ago. Sternberg, 7 miles south of Zie- lenzig--7 to 8 miles, from west of Lagow. Furstenburg, on the Oder about 15 miles south of Frankfurt-about 20 miles, from the Griesel area. Crossen, on the Oder 30 miles southeast of Frankfurt--9 miles, from the Leitersdorf salient. Moscow dispatches, however, said soviet tanks had knifed between these hot points and won significant victories. The spearheads therefore were considerably closer to Berlin than the 51 to 80 miles indicated by these positions. It was through these holes, Moscow said, that the most menacing threat was developing with some advance units perhaps within 15 miles of the fortified city of

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