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GLOBE-GAZETTE FARM AND INDUSTRIAL NEWS Jlasmt C6kiie-8Â«ssette NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS MASON CITY, IOWA. MAY 6. 193U Soil Grants Reduced on Shortages Farmers M u s t Meet Standards of New Plan. Although Cerro Gordo county farmers participating in the new farm program will sign no contracts, they will be subject to deductions from payments they otherwise would receive unless they meet certain standards of soil conservation on their farms in 1936, says County Agent M. E. Olson. No deduction, however, can be more than the total amount of payments due a farmer. In case the deduction is computed at a figure larger than the payment due, the farmer simply will be declared ineligible for a grant, Mr. Olson explains. One deduction will be made if the farmer has less than the required minimum of soil-conserving crops on his farm in 1936. This deduction will be at a rate l',i times the Class I payment rate of 510, more or less, for each acre by which the farm is short of its minimum requirement of soil-conserving crops. On farms where flax or sugar beets are not grown In 1936, the minimum requirement is an acreage in soil-conserving crops which is not less than 15 per cent of the number of acres in the soil-depleting base. Special minimum requirements have been set up in the case of sugar beets and flax. A second deduction will be made for the overplanting, of soil-depleting crops in 1936. In general, if the acreage of all Hansen Says Big Ration Should Be Fed to Herd Sire Good management practices can soon change a sluggish bull into an active, healthy one, declares E. N. Hansen of Iowa State college. The herd sire should not be allowed to get too fat. but should be kept moderately fleshed. Exercise is the key to a bull's condition, and a yard should adjoin the bull barn for this purpose. A liberal ration should be fed to the herd sire. He should have all the legume hay such as alfalfa, clover, or soybeans he will eat. Three to eight pounds daily is an adequate grain feeding for an active bull, depending on his size, condition, and amount of service. Hansen recommends the following grain mixture: 3 pounds of corn and cob meal, 2 pounds ground oats, 1 pound wheat bran, and 1 pound high protein supplement such as cracked soybeans or some mill feet. One pound each of common salt and steamed bone meal added to each of 100 pounds of grain mixture will balance this ration. soil-depleting ciops for a farm exceeds the base for these crops, a deduction will be made for such excess at the farm's general Class I payment rate of $10 an acre, more or less. If sugar beets and flax bases, as determined on the basis of the acreage devoted to these crops in 1936, exceed the total soil-depleting base established for the farm, a deduction from any payment that would otherwise be due the farmer will be made for each acre of the excess at the general Class I payment rate. Stopping Erosion With Trees Eroded gullies were checked and a valuable crop ot black locust fence posts will soon be available on the farm of Sterling Martin, Monroe county. Gullies may be prevented from extending further by planting trees along their sides. No field crop can be grown on gullies, but if such trees as black locust are planted their roots compactly hold the soil, preventing further widening of Hie gullies, according to Guy Ramsey, Iowa Slate college extension forester. Within a few years some trees will be large enough for use as fence posts. By selective rutting these gullies can return a profit \vithout the tree plantation losing its soil-retaining ability. The tree planting's have, of necessity, been fenced iron* the intrusion of livestock. "Chick Queen' 90,000 Families Were Given Help in Resettlement CHAMPAIGN, 111. (UP) -Ninety thousand midwestern farm families have received financial aid and 24 projects already have been started or scheduled to help them, R. C Smith, regional director of the rural resettlement administration, has announced. Aid was given families in Ohio. Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Missouri, Smith said. Activities in the "midwestern area were said to have included: Estimated cost of 161,000 'ai-res for 15 land use projects. $1.G06.1-U. Estimated development costs, S-l.726,202. Men taken off relief and working on projects, 4,600. Farm families being rehabilitated. 90,488. Loans and grants to these families, $4,931,692. Saving to farmers whose debts were adjusted by volunteer committees. $4,595,881. Rural resettlement plans submitted, 6. Rural resettlement projects approved 3. Miss Jenna V. Latis. above, of Coopersville, Mich., reigns as "Chick Queen" over the annual Zeeland, Mich., chick and egg show, May 58. Judges were members of the staffs of newspapers in Detroit, Grand Rapids, Holland, Lansing and Muskcgon, Mich. (Central Press 1'lioto) All State Benefited From Rain Condition of Ground Much Improved by Showers. DES MOINES, (/Pi --Rain, throughout last week benefited virtually all the state, Charles D. Reed, government meteorologist reported Wednesday, but April precipitation averaged only 1.08 inches, or 40 per cent of normal. This, he said, leaves much of Iowa, particularly the southwest portion, still in need of considerable moisture. Field work, Reed declared, made good progress, though delayed in some sections by frequent, heavy showers. "The condition of the ground," he said, "was much improved by the rains, plowing was made easier and a large part of the corn ground now is ready for the planter. A little planting of field corn was done in the southern counties, but most farmers are awaiting warmer weather." Oats and bailey came on rapidly. Winter wheat, too, is looking fine and spring wheat is doing well, he reported. Planting of potatoes and cabbage for commercial use is under way and commercial tomato planting is to start soon in Henry county. Gardening made rapid progress and fruit trees were in bloom. Pastures made fair growth and are in condition to support 75 Owners of Sealed Cribs Have Seed Corn DES MOINES. CTi--- Ray Murphy, secretary of agriculture, reports that corn sealers have listed 75 owners of sealed cribs as having corn suitable for seed. The bulk of the corn, which totals 56,255 bushels, is located in northwestern Iowa. Murray said the department would not guarantee the seed but believed it a source in the event of a serious shortage. some livestock, Reed reported. Stock showed improvement from the effects of winter confinement. Windbreak Plantings in County Plan Development of Interest in Trees. Two windbreak demonstrations were planted in Cerro Gordo county on Thursday in co-operation with the extension service and forestry department of Iowa State college. The demonstrations were planted on the farm of F. W. Stover in Geneseo township and of William McArthur in Lime Creek township and are for the purpose of developing interest in and showing the method of planting windbreaks. During the past years many of the windbreaks have been cut down for wood and in others the trees are old and have begun to die. Windbreaks which were planted years ago are beginning- to die out and must be replaced. It is the objective of the Farm Bureau to help establish one demonstration windbreak in each township. The extension service will help supply trees from its nursery for the purpose of establishing one in each township. At the present time the following men have requested demonstrations for next year: E. G. Dougherty, Dougherty township, J. D. Richardson, Mount Vernon township. Earl M. Dean, Mason township, Paul C. Spotts, Portland township, Robert Furleig-h, Lake township and R. M. Hall, Lincoln township. New Ice Cream Test. A new and simple test for determining the milk fat in ice cream is being tried out by D. H. Nelson, University of California. The method is a modification of the" Babcock test. A Windbreak in 10 Years An efficient evergreen windbreak grown in 10 years on the farm of C. H. Wiedow, Iowa county, is pictured here. The lower photo shows the evergreen trees one year after planting-; the upper, 10 years after planting. Best trees for windbreak planting in Iowa are douglas fir, white spruce, western yellow pine and Austrian pine, says Guy Ramsey. Iowa State college extension forester. The essential requirements for success in quickly growing an evergreen windbreak are selection of trees, spacing, planting, cultivation and protection from livestock and chickens. Increased interest in tree planting is evident in CÂ«rro Gordo and other North Inu-Â« conntim.