The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on May 11, 1934 · Page 3
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, May 11, 1934
Page 3
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FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A 1/KE SYNDICATE KJEH'SI'APEK Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-323 East State Street Telephone No. 3SOO LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER - Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Muson City and clear Hike. Mason city and Clear J,al«, bv the year S7.00 by the \vetk J .1.1 OUTSIDE MASO-N CITV AND CLEAK LAKE Per year by carrier 57.00 By mail 0 months 52.W Per week by carrier S .15 By mall 3 months I1.2S Per year by mall S4.0U By mall 1 month S .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year.. SG.OO Six months $3.00 Three months....51.75 He who does nut think too much of himself is much more esteemed than he Imagines.--GOETHE PROPHET OR FOOL? TfOR purposes of revealing how unchanging are the fundamentals of political philosophy, how constant are the primary differences between conservatism and liberalism, the Globe-Gazette is reproducing here a letter written by Thomas B. Macaulay, renowned British statesman and author, to one H. E. Randall of New York under date of May 23, 1857. Those who view with alarm the things that are being done under "new deal" authority will say that Lord Macaulay was an inspired prophet. Others who believe that what has heen done had to be will contend that the Englishman's premises and conclusions were just as faulty in the pre-Civil war p'eriod as they are today. On the whole, in our opinion, the individual's reaction to this Macaulay letter provides a rather fair identification of one's whole political philosophy: "You are surprised to learn that I have not a high opinion of Mr. Jefferson and I am surprised at your surprise. I am certain that I never wrote a line and that I never in parliament, in conversation, or even on the hustings--a place where it is the fashion to court the populace--uttered a word indicating the opinion that the supreme authority in a state ought to be intrusted to the majority of citizens told by the head; in other words, to the poorest and most ignorant part of society. I have long been convinced that institutions purely democratic must, sooner or later, destroy liberty or civilization, or both. "In Europe, where the population is dense, the effect of such institutions would be almost instantaneous. What happened lately in France is an example. In 1845 a pure democracy was established there. During a short time there was a strong reason to expect a general spoliation, a national bankruptcy, a new partition of the soil, a maximum of prices, a ruinous load of taxation laid on the rich for the purpose of supporting the poor in idleness. Such a system would, in 20 years, have made France as poor and as barbarous as the France of the Carlovingians. Happily the danger was averted and now there is a despotism, a silent tribune, an enslaved press, liberty is gone, but civilization has been saved. "I have not the smallest doubt that if we had a purely democratic government here, the effect would be the same. Either the poor would plunder the rich and civilization would perish, or order and property would be saved by a strong military government and liberty would perish. "You may think that your country enjoys an exemption from these evils. I will frankly own to you that I am of a very different opinion. Your fate I believe to be certain, though it is deferred by a physical cause. As long as you have boundless fertile and unoccupied land, and can draw your laboring population from the Old World, the Jeffersonian policy may continue to exist without causing any fatal calamity. "But the time will come when New England will be as thickly peopled as Old England. Wages will be as low and will fluctuate as much with you as with us. You will have your Manchesters and Binning- iiarns. Hundreds and thousands of artisans will assuredly be sometimes out of work. Then your institutions will be fairly brought to the test. "Distress everywhere makes the laborer mutinous and discontented and inclines him to listen with eagerness to agitators who tell him that it is a monstrous iniquity that one man should have a million, while another cannot get a full meal. In bad years there is plenty of grumbling here and sometimes a little rioting. But it matters little, for here the sufferers are not the rulers. The supreme power is in the hands of a class, numerous indeed, but selected of an educated class, of a class which is, and knows itself to be, deeply interested in a security of property and the maintenance of order. Accordingly, the malcontents are firmly yet gently restrained. "The bad time is got over without robbing the wealthy to relieve the indigent. The springs of national prosperity soon begin to flow again; work is plentiful; wages rise and all is tranquihty and cheerfulness. I have seen England three or four times pass through critical seasons as I have described "Through such seasons the United States will havv to pass, in course of the next century if not this. How will you pass through them? I heartily wish you a good deliverance, but my reason and my wishes are at war and I cannot help foreboding the worse. "It is quite plain that your government will never be able to restrain a distressed and discontented majority. For with you the majority is the government and has the rich, who are always a minority, absolutely at its mercy. "The day will come when, in the state of New York, a multitude of people, none of whom had more than half a breakfast, or expect to have more than half a dinner, will choose the legislature. Is it possible to doubt what sort of legislature will be chosen? "On one side is a statesman preaching patience, respect for vested rights, a strict observance of public faith. On the other hand is a demagog ranting about the tyranny of capitalists and usurers and asking why anybody should be permitted to drink champagne and to ride in a carriage while thousands of honest people are in want of necessities. Which of the two candidates is likely to be preferred by a working man who hears his children cry for bread? "I seriously apprehend that you will, in some such season of adversity as I have described, do things which will prevent prosperity from returning; that you will act like people in a year of scarcity, devour all the seedcorn and thus make the next year not only a vear of scarcity, but of absolute distress. The distress will produce fresh spoliation. There is nothing to stay you. Your constitution is all sail and no anchor. "As I said before, when society has entered on this downward progress, either civilization or'liberty must perish. Either some Caesar or Napoleon will seize the reins of the government with a strong hand or your republic will be as fearfully plundered and laid waste by barbarians in the twentieth century as the Roman empire was in the fifth; with this difference, that the Huns and vandals who ravaged the Roman empire come from without, and that your Huns and vandals will have been engendered within your country by your own institutions. "Thinking this, of course, I cannot reckon Jefferson among the benefactors_of mankind." A pity it is that all who are givsn brains aren't Use given sense. GANDHI'S COURSE »LOW indeed are the wheels of progress. Privilege * everywhere fights to retain its advantages. Caste Hindus resenting Mahatma Gandhi's battle against tho caste limitations of India have twice attacked an automobile in which he was riding. Fortunately for India the Mahatma has escaped injury. We hope his threatened hunger strike because of the incident will not materialize.. The time for dramatics ia passed. India needs Gandhi for many years to come. His health should not be risked by hunger strikes. He can accomplish more as a living Gandhi than through his memory. India needs Gandhi's advice and forethought. The world now knows the battle he is fighting for equality of all India's citizens. Hunger strikes are no longer needed to attract attention to the issues. Direction by Gandhi of negotiations for new conditions for India will gain more now than hunger strikes, whose only accomplishment is publicity. PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT Perfection will not have been reached in our economic system so long as a person can quit his present job and do better on relief employment. The cleaners are being accused of having entered a conspiracy with the weatherman. Housewives are the most persistent complainants. Trouble with most of those who .pride themselves on their "radicalism" is that they think any change is necessarily progress. Of course if you were planning to commit suicide- anyway, it might be all right to be in Dillinger's place. The beer interests' idea of temperance is drinking an abundance of their product. OTHER VIEWPOINTS MOKE EXTORTIONISTS Oehvcin Register: Almost every city is having it* extortion letters and Mason City is no exception. They have a. 17 year old boy under arrest charged with sending Jay Decker a letter demanding $32,4.65 be thrown from his car in a corner in that city. He carried out the instructions in the letter and the result was the arrest of the youth. In the letter death was threatened in case he failed to comply. The chances are that this was not a genuine case of a death threat letter, but It does show to what extent some of these boys are carrying things. In Oelwein there was discovered a club of young boys was formed in which admission was gained by proving to the other club members that the applicant had been able to steal something of real value. Some of the boys are reported to be members of some of tha best families in Oelwein. It is this growth of criminality that Is something to be considered. Starting as it does with the small boy, by the time he reaches manhood he has done one of two things, either changed his course entirely and taken on respectable pursuits or he has degenerated :nto a criminal of the worst type. In the Mason City case three boys were held in the extortion threat, but two of them were dismissed. It is something to cause parents considerable alarm when they consider these things. There never has been a time when there has been as much done for boys to keep them employed and keep them active in good work, similar to Boy Scout movements, and at the same time when there has been so many juvenile offenders as there are now. With men like Dillinger defying the officers and keeping from prison, it has caused him to be a hero in the eyes of some of the youth of the country, and they are trying to imitate in a small way, his activities. ANOTHER WASHINGTON BLUNDER Davenport Democrat: Now it appears that a great injustice has been done Mr. Mellon, as well as Mr. Kraschel. Officiousness on the part of the attorney general's office is apparent. It's an easy matter to make charges, and that appears to have been the course pursued by Mr. Cummings in both the Mellon and the Kraschel cases. However, proving such charges is another matter altogether, and in that respect the attorney general's office nas been a dismal failure. In both of the cases referred to, the course of action seems unjustified and unwarranted. More care and precaution in this department of government will undoubtedly save the administration not a little future embarrassment. DAILY SCRAP BOOK ONE GOOD TEEM DESERVES ANOTHER! Greene Recorder: With every one of the present democrat officials bearing an enviable record in office and with each of them conceded to be deserving of a second term, the party would be in the position of stripping itself of its strongest state campaign asset if it should drop any of these officials from its ticket. _ _ OFFENSIVE TO NOSTRILS Estherville News: Radio advertising as a whole stinks badly and threatens to make radio forever offensive. For every mediocre program there are two dozen duds. For every simple, intelligent, unoffoncivc advertising statement there are 30 deafening, inanw rantings. .ENTHUSIASM LACKING Cherokee Times: In spite of Brookhart's declara tion that Russia is the best government in the world, Iowa farmers will hesitate to swap positions witb peasant farmers of that far away land. RED TINT UPPERMOST Austin Herald: Professor Tugwell is made under secretary of agriculture. We presume his specialty will be radishes, beets and scarlet runner beans. ALONG WITH HAIG AND CUTLER Perry Chief: The thing we can't understand this year is what has become of Eikelberg and Skromme? Some one should investigate. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG TO ALL MOTHERS With dear precious Mother There is none to compare. Her heart is pure gold, And her soft shining hair We love her sweet voice That calls us back home. We are lonely for Mother Wherever we roam. We try to be great. Have heights to climb. All is done for you; Sweet Mother of mine. We may lose our way. Perhaps wander far. You beckon to us like a Bright guiding star. Mother's arms welcome us Home to the nest; Fondly enfolds us For she loves us best. God gave us Mother; And we will be true. All that we are We owe sweet Mother to you. MRS. C. L. GREENE. 710 Rich Street. Clear Lake. ORIGINALLY, ALE DRINK oF MALT ANP WATER- BEER -THE. BEVERAGE WtRODtt FROM HOU-AND, MADE FROM MALT FLAVORED \SfrfH HOPS HEAD- NATURAL ROCK NEAR. A L P I N E , M. J., TAT WA$ DISCOVERED UtMlL 1932- I93J, by Central Press A*sncmtion, Inc. I -"THE STATE. oF NEW YORK WA^ NAMED IN HONOR oF CHARGES It's DUKE OF YORK. AFTERWARD JAMES 01 oF ENGLAND 5-;) DIET and HEALTH Dr. CleiHlenlng cannot diagnose or give personal a»£~nrs to letters from readers. When questions arc of general tnlerest, however, they will be taken up, in order, in the dully column. Address your queries tu Dr. Logan Clendenin£. care of The Globe-Gazelle. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. EARLIER DAYS UclriK a Dully Compilation of IntcrcstlilK Items from til? "Ten* Twenty nncl Thirty Yearn Aito" Flics of Hie (ilobe-Gnzelte. "By LOGAN CLENDEMNO, M. D.' INTESTINAL MALADY INVESTIGATED "MUCOUS COLITIS" is the name given to an intestinal condition in which large amounts of mucus are formed. The patients are usually nervous, underweight, with drooping or "fallen" stomach and intestines. And most important of all in the causation of the disease, they are inveterate cathartic consumers. In order to investigate the production of mucus in the intestine, two research workers at Rochester, Minn., made an especially planned study of the question. They believe that a certain amount of mucus is a valuable thing because it acts as a lubrication. They found that normally after an evacuation a certain amount of mucus is formed. Any kind of diarrhea apparently increases the amount of mucus. This, as we may say, "normal" response, is followed in an only slightly exaggerated form in the action of certain cathartics such as Dr. Clendenlnr senna and rhubarb. Here the action of the drug itself does not produce any mucus, but as soon as evacuation has occurred a considerable quantity of mucus forms in the bowel. Castor oil did the same thing, but the production of mucus was larger. , These investigations certainly can be interpreted to show that mucus colitis can be produced by heavy self-dosage with cathartics, and a great · many of these patients have brought the disease on themselves because their naturally sensitive bowels felt that they should be emptied and demanded stronger and more drastic cathartics as time went on, finally producing a state of irritation which cimply defeated the result they had started out to obtain. QUESTIONS FROM READERS T.: "Will putting warm water on your head ever}' time you comb your hair make your hair thin and brittle?" Answer: No. I know people who have put water on their hair every time they have brushed it for years, without any damage. o · · E. R.: "Please tell me how an inflamed gall bladder acts and where the pain appears." Answer: The pain is sometimes pretty general In the abdomen, but is usually located either in the pit of the stomach--that is to say, in the middle, high up --or under the edge of the right ribs. It sometimes moves to the right shoulder and the right side of the neck. It is also accompanied by fever, chills, jaundice, vomiting and loss of weight. · · * C. R. H.: "Will one teaspoon of epsom salts in hot water each morning before breakfast reduce one?" Answer: No, not unless accompanied by diet. TODAY IN HISTORY Notables Born This Date--Karl, Baron von Munchhausen (that's the correct spelling), b. 1720. He has the reputation of being the biggest liar in history, but there is no proof he ever told a lie! (The exaggeratec stories credited to him were invented and published by one R. E. Raspe, a fugitive Bavarian.) * * Isadore Saline, known as Irving Berlin, b. 18SS. His first great success, Alexander's Ragtime Band, was written in his twenties. * * Septimus Winner, b. 1827, another notable composer of popular songs. He wrote the me moraMe What Is Home Without a Mother and Listen to the Mocking Bird. * * Henry Morgenthau, Jr., b 1S91, secretary of the treasury. He started his careei as an architect. 1763--Margaret Krasiouna, one of most extraordinary mothers in history, died in the village of Kon- inia, Poland, at the age of 108. The Warsaw Gazette of this date tells us she married at 9-1 her third husband, Gaspard Raykon, then aged 105. During the years they lived together, they had two boys and one girl; and these children bore evident marks of the age of their father and mother. Their hair was grey, they were toothless, they had a stooped stature and a sallow complexion--all in their childhood! · · · 1?!)2--The ship Columbia with the first American ensign to girdle the globe snapping at her peak, nosed into a great river no white man ever had seen before. Her captain, Robert Gray, named this river Columbia's and remarked the plentitude of salmon. · » · 1858--Minnesota ("sky-colored water") became the thirty-second state. · · · 1864.--Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant sent to his senior Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Hooker, commander of the army of the Potomac, the most famous telegram in U. S. military history: I propose to fight it out on this line all summer. He did Thirty Tears Ago-Surveyor Voncent departed this morning with a crew of men for Worth county, near the town ol Solan, where he has several weeks of ditching con ;racted. He plans to drain a large part of the county so that the land can be made use of. The Rev. Shoemaker, pastor of the Free Methodist Church, has resigned the pastorate and in about a week, will leave for Minneapolis for a short visit. Memorial university was the scene this morning of a prenuptial event which brought tears in the voice and quivering in the limbs of Professor Dahlquist, the art teacher. The faculty had taken their places on the platform for the chapel exercises, but no students, appeared. Finally Miss Lothrop entered, took hei place at the piano and began the Lohengrin marcl to the rhythm of which the students filed in and passed one by one in front of the faculty and each deposited a. bundle at the feet of the artist. Twenty Years Ago-By a vote of nearly 3 to 1, Mason City voters yes terclay indicated their desire to extend for 25 years th electric, gas and heating franchises of the People' Gas and Electric company. Prof. M. T. Evinger of Ames will speak tonigh at the library hall, under Civic league auspices. Miss Ida Adams returned Monday from an ove Sunday visit with friends at Charles City. The Misses Jean and Mabel Conley leave Wednes day for a week-end visit with friends in Minneapolis Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Deyoe have returned from a two week's visit in Des Moines. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Tisg were Sunday visitors w: relatives and friends in Nora Springs. Judge Remley of Anamosa left Monday after brief visit at the John D. Glass home. Mrs. C. E. Secore of Forest City visited in the citj yesterday. Ten Years Ago-WASHINGTON--Major Frederick L. Martin an his mechanic, Staff Sergeant Alva L. Harvey, wil be ordered to Washington direct from Port Moller Alaska, where they arrived safely after their plam had been wrecked and they bad been missing for i: days in the wilds of Alaska. Former Goy. W. L. Harding of Des Moines was in the city today transacting business. Miss Dora Holman, daughter of Mrs. C. A. Holman 211 First street southeast, and mathematics instructo in the Fort Dodge high school, spent Mother's Da visiting with her mother. William Challais has returned from a business tri; to Cedar Rapids. T. N. Igou, representative of a local tire companj will leave this week for Akron, Ohio, where he wl. attend an annual convention of 750 salesmen, distric managers, production engineers and executives. Dr. L. R, Woodward returned to the city Thursda evening after two days spent at Des Moines where h attended the annual convention of the Iowa Stat Medical association. Roscoe Hall, University of Iowa boxing instructoi will meet Si Sandage of Sioux City for the stat lightweight championship at the armory Friday nigh George W. Huntley, national director and chair man of the state legislative committee, addressed th opening meeting of the state convention of the low- division of Travelers' Protective association, whic opened here today with 250 members present. still think that the psychologists should devote a specialized attention to the ni- or, its origin and spread. Ma.son itv Thursday would have provided n "excellent laboratory for the tudy, with the report of "a raging re at the beet sugar plant" as the ecimc»r At the very start of the day, the lobe-Gazette newsroom began gel- ng the query; "What about the eet sugar fire?" A call to the fire epartment and to the beet sugar .ant revealed that there was no re and had been no fire, except, erhaps, at the end of Earl Moore's igar. Presumably there was some con- ection between this rumor and the orthwest Distributing company's estructive blaze though just how it ould have originated, I confess I on't know. But how it spread! I'm old that a very large number of lotorists made their way to the ugar plant and were visibly dlsap- ointed to find that they had been iven a bum hunch. Usually in the case of national ews, the radio has a part in the or- of the rumor but in a home- rewed rumor, we have to seek elsewhere for the explanation. --o-am indebted to a friend in Decorah for this touching tribute, "Taps." written by oe Flynn, to Harold Voegeding: "Taps--the silvery notes of a ugle' sound across a flag draped asket--but his ears do not hear. The 'salute of the dead' is fired rom the rifles of his comrades-- ut the salute falls upon d-aaf ears. The American flag ripples in the old, stiff breeze above him--but is eyes are closed to the sight. "Ere many days the surround- ng cold, brown hills will blossom orth In springtime flowers and we scarce would pluck one lest it mar the beauty of the oountry- iije--and yet, we wonder why God n His Goodness, would reach down and pluck him from our midst in he Springtime of his life. But we .re not to judge. "Now he sleeps a lasting sleep on the sunny slope of a country hillside close to the hills he loved and roamed as a lad. In his brief span of years he had not time to lo great wordly deeds or win great 'ame and yet--a spacious church could not hold those who came to my their last respects; a splendid ;ribute to a youthful life well lived "The American flag ripples in the breeze; the report of the rifles fades into nothingness; those who loved him turn away; and the silvery notes of a bugle echo an re-echo from the distant hills h loved--TAPS." ONCE OVERS By ,1. J. MtNDY THINK BEFORE YOU SPEAK Do you make decisions too quickly? Asked for an opinion on an important matter, yo answer at once--and you are just as impulsive if yo are called upon to act. Later, when you have had time to think it ove: you realize how foolish it was of you not to take little time to consider. Often you jump into enterprises which cause yo embarrassment, annoyance and expense. Many of your most serious problems have com as a result of your snap judgment. You agree to meet certain requirements which if you had given the subject thought, might ha\ ended quite differently since you would have knowr that it would have been impossible to have met them You talk superficially and frequently are chagrine at the nonsensical nature of your statements. If you are beginning to sense your stupidity'an lack of discernment in your comments there may b hope of reform. Better resolve today to think before you speak. (Copyright, 1834. King Features syndicate, Inc.) One Minute Pulpit--Our soul is escaped as a bird out of the snare of the fowlers: the snaro is broken, and we are escaped.--Psalm 124:7. OBSERVING was tolj during a recent chat with one of Masoti City's pioneers that the tone used for the building of oki Central school was quarried from lie site now occupied by the Deck- r packing plant. I had always sup- xised this material came from he other side or the Winnebago. An unanswered question from .his conversation was: When was the schoolhouse which n early day Mason City occupied he site of the present W. H. Boytl esidence, 205 First street south- ast. removed or torn down? I wonder if there are any souve- iirs from that old structure in vhlch so many ot Mason City's first esidcnts received their education. --o-believe that too many of us think of the Revolutions y war and the Civil war as ;;. ross between a Fourth of July par- de and a Sunday school picnic. To hose who would like a fresh, vivid mpression of either one, I recom- nend "Rabble in Arms" by Kenneth Retorts, about the Revolution, anil Long Remember" by McKinlcy ·Cantor, about the Civil War. Inci- cntally, "Rabble in Arms" is gong- to make a few friends for Bene- ict Arnold. Kantor, incidentally, i.s a former North Iowa newspapei- man, having served on the staff of. he Webster City Freeman-Journal or a number of years while he was stablishing himself as a writer ot iction. --o-have somebody at Marble Rock to thank for a clipping out of the current issue of the Iowa Recorder, published at Greene. A marked paragraph in the "Fifty Years Ago" news on the Jarble Rock news page reads as follows: "A soldiers' monument to cost $3,000 is to be dedicated at Mason City on Memorial day." Some day I'll have to get some 'urther information on this shaft n Central park. In the meantime, my thanks to this Marble Rock friend. --O am convinced of a steady change in the attitude of club women from an audience into a studying and finally a. creating group. This change is evidenced in two projects of the Woman's club for the coming season, one a play-writing contest and the other a short-story writing contest, both for menVbers of the club. This is a far cry from the day when papers were read to clubs on every subject from "The Art of Ancient Greece" to "Wife Capture and Slavery." QUESTIONS ,, BY FREDERIC* J.HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE -GA2ETTE INFORMATION OUREaU IN WASHINGTON How is the royal family of Sweden related to the royal family of Great Britain? G. F. Crown Prince Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in 1923 was married to Lady Louise Mountbatten, a cousin of King George V. How docs Frank Buck trap aji- jils he brings back alive? M. S. The principle of traps to catch both large and small animals is a spring or trigger principle. There are several variations of this principle, but the main idea is that the trap is closed by a sliding door or panel attached to 'a string which in turn is attached to a trigger. The trap is sprung as the animal enters it, by pressure exerted on the trigger. The trap is generally baited with some food attractive to the animal to be trapped. Was President Van Burcri a bachelor? A. D. He was a widower when he became president. His wife, Hannah Hoes Van Buren, died in 1819 at 36. Angelica Singleton Van Buren. a daughter-in-law, was mistress of the white house during the Van Buren administration. What states require motorists to have cars inspected periodically.' T. H. Maryland, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Virginia. New York is considering a similar bill. Does TJ. S. own the land upon which the Panama Canal Is built'.' D. K. The "United States is in complete csr f rol of a narrow strip of land upon which the canal is built. This was arranged for by a treaty with Panama. Is it within rules of the S. S. Lawn Tennis association to seed the draw in a tournament? IJ. T. It is within the rules. Rule 2] of Tournament Regulations treats of the method to be followed. How far does a greyhound leap at full speed? F. E. About IS feet, as in a hurdle race. How does the number of married women gainfully employed now c -iparo with the number employed before the World war? G. L. In 1910. married women employed, 1,891,000; in 1930, increased to 3,071,000. When were electric headlights first used on locomotives? K. D, Early in 1886. When did Great Britain go off tlio gold standard? S. K. Sent. 21, 1931. Why arc soniB medical questions answered, while others are out of your field? M. T. Questions regarding the history of medicine, means of hospitals, established facts about diseases and the like, can be answered bo- cause these facts can be ascertain-..'.! by a layman. Medical diagnose. 0 and advice is strictly in the professional field and should not ts given by anyone outside. Questions within the scope of an information service are carefully answered by researchers trained to this work. Send your questions to this newspaper's Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Enclose coin or stamp for reply postage. What is an estuary? G. S. The wide mouth of a tidal rivet is so called, as is a narrow inlet from the sea. Is the surcharge on railroad tickets a government charge? M. H. It is a charge whlcn is a tax by the railroads to defray expenses of hauling the heavy equipment of the Pullman company, which is not owned by them. In connection with the lower fares, some roads wei't permitted to remove the surchage between certain points for a specified time. Before a railroad can lower its rates it must apply to th« interstate commerce commission foi permission. The rates may only b-i reduced for a certain time. After that time has elapsed the company must apply for an extension to the commission. In the Slississlppl river clem- above its junction with the Missouri? E. H. While the Mississippi is not entirely clear above the Missouri, the greater part of the sediment in the lower river enters it from the Missouri. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "It's got so you can't go to church in a new bat without folks thinkin' you're gettin' government money.''

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