The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 1, 1945 · Page 14
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February 1, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 14

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, February 1, 1945
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E D I T O R I A L S -Some Socialistic Hoir-Splitting on Notionol Service MEWSPAPERS throughout the 11 country of late have been re- ceivin*' communications from letter-writers representing t h e m selves to be spokesmen for the so: cialist labor party of America. The single string on which they . are running their bow Is that the - proposed n a t i o n a l service act · w o u l d constitute "involuntary ." servitude" in contravention of the 13th amendment of the constitu- "tion.-. - . ' · - . . ' . · , "it illegal Involuntary servitude is made law," says one ol these . letters, "there will come from the throats of hundred* of thouiadf , of rebelling freedom-loving workers the angry warning: 'What con' grass and the president'have no . right to demand, Americans have a right to refuse.' Let congress and the president gravely ponder this." This same letter brings the information that millions of leaflets have been distributed "in an effort to apprise the liberty-loving of the dangers that Confront them" and this newspaper is requested ; to "ponder the problem and rise to end the danger of m»ifr» : America." · ' ' ; ; The plea,. however, falls on ' barren son so far as we are concerned, We are completely un- · impressed by the logic of these : socialist spokesmen. : : A nation which can conscript ' men to fight and die in battle, /for the nation's preservation, most "assuredly has the right to.order 'capital and labor to their position \ iii the war effort. The nation's organic law guar, antees security for tha. ownership of property top. Until these so- ctalist'spokesmen call for a recog- · nition of that' guarantee, which ·they've always.been so willing to 'disregard, we shall not even credil "them with honorable motive in .their .sniping campaign . against .national service. Help for Veterans TT seemed · fairly amusing story * : aj crime stories go. A man had dropped :his wife : at a New York theater and was on his .way to park his car. At a halt in traffic a gunman climbed Into the car, .forced, the man to drive- over'to .Kew Jersey"'arid give up his money and the car. The irate wife ·was still pacing the lobby when the man arrived for the play at 10:15. -. ' But the next day's follow-up story was not aiming The gunman .was a former pantroop sergeant who had fought through the New Guinea campaign. Be ·had.come home with a medical discharge, the silver star and the purple heart, a shrapnel wound in his leg and a bayonet wound-in his arm. He had killed SO Japs. Now he had 8 war job, a quiet room with a soft bed, and enough money for a young man of 23 to live on. There seemed to be nothing in his present environment to lead him to crime. He. was safe and he-should have been happy. - But apparently he wasn't, so he started, drinking. "When hi* senses .returned he was in Jail, charged with a catalog of crimes--kidnap- ing, robbery, larceny, carrying a concealed weapon. What will happen to him and a lot of other boys like him--decent lads whose shocked nervous systems just can't take a Quick transition from war's supercharged excitement of mn»»g and dodging death to the routine of civilian life? The boy of this story is a source ^ot trouble for him*«lf and others. He - i* not a criminal, but jail might make him one. He is obviously ill, in need for further hospitalization and expert psychiatric treatment. Shall he be sent to a veterans' hospital by court order? Can the hospital be compelled to admit him-on the clinical-history of one night of crime? -Will the. black mark of a police record stand beside his name for the rest of his life? These are difficult and important questions. They will probably crop up, with variations, throughout the country for a long time to come. How they are answered will be, of supreme concern to the veterans Involved, and of great concern to all society. No one who has not seen.the .savagery of this war can appreciate the ordeal that our servicemen are going through. But even an-inadequate imagination should help us all, especially the families of veterans, to realize how much patient help and understanding most of them wQl need. Lefs Go Easy COME people seem almost fearful ^ that the Russians will get to Berlin before our armies, i Does it make so much difference, who is first? The main point Is for some of the allies to iet there. It won't end the war but it ·wfll bring it nearer. Meanwhile with s t e a d y advance* on almost an fronts of the global conflict, "that old debbil.' false optimism, is beginning fc show up ajain. Remember our experience o last fall and the resultant backtracking. Let's not so through all that Main. 'LAST EDITION NOW GOING TO PRESS!" Look Out Below Maker* of feminine bathing suits must have been anticipating the current campaign to conserve wool. . : . ; · " . · · ' . For a clearer meaning of the military term-'^miracle: of'impro- visation, 1 ' try rolling a dgaret ; . · · ** -* .'' *' ··: · . . Suggested give and take plan: Give blood and take all the war bonds you .can buy.,." . Your Health By Logan Clendening, M. D. ·VETERANS · ' . '; ' . ' · ' . ' . " · · · ' . · · T HE.' MOST important' problem for the American people, for the next 10 years at least, is essentially a medical one. It is the adjustment of members of the armtd forces to normal American life.' '. ·' .: . '·' / : : , .V'; . Even for the person who has not been wounded,; or even had any nervous shock or fatigue .from combat, the adjustment: is going to be very difficult and gradual in the majority of instances. A fellow who has been' away from every normal home influence, very much on his own much of the time, subject to exact discipline the rest of the time, occa. lionaUy under gunfire, and *in a strange country, is going to have (Suite a; '.time settling Irl a small town in America and quietly going to work every morning in a hardware store.': These problems of adjustment are; wisely considered by Dr. George K, Pratt^ Psychiatric Ex- uniner, 17. S. Armed Forces, New Haven, Conn.,.in a recently published book "Soldier To Civilian" (published by WhitUesIey House New York). With the frankly mental disease cases of returned men I will not leal here. There are many men Aducted into service who are found to be mentally deficient, or others, who,",under the strain of war conditions, develop personality . disorders and neuroses-what used to be called shell shock, now perhaps designated combat fatigue:; which sometimes cures itself In.a few days, sometimes remains more, or less- permanently. Those must a be dealt with brough the regular medical re_ labilitation methods of the Army and Navy. ' What interests me more is such a case as that recited by Dr. Pratt of a man, Lieutenant Fred W. He ived before the war'in a small 3h!o town, had graduated from ligh school, gone to work in a local plant and was about 20 years old when the war came along. He entered officer training camp lor the Air Force, got his wings, and married a girl he had ieen going with for about a year. She was an average small town {Irl, .-and left alone they would have developed into an average ·mall town, couple -- perfectly happy with limited Interests. But Fred shipped abroad, met in England groups of people who discussed books, music and international affairs with a familiarity which opened new vistas to him. He was wounded and sent home, and went back to his old Job in the factory. But before long he was deeply dissatisfied. He missed the glamour of flying. He made comparisons between the small town people who used to be his friends and,the people he had met abroad. He had met a number of attractive women abroad and his wife Martha didn't measure up to them. Fortunate^- Martha was a sensible girl who found that something was the matter with Fred, and talked it all out with him so that he got adjusted to normal American life. But there are going to be thousands of boyg who will not have such, good wives and for whom the adjustment will not be made. For these men (and women too, because the WAC's and the WAVE'S, etc., have had a taste of a new life) it is most important that every city and village in our land have some sort of community ·enrfce* for returnees, to guide and co-ordinate and adjust their viewpoints after their return and discharge. Such services are now being planned by the National Committee on Service to Veterans »nd the National Social Work Council. It behooves every American community to get in touch with, them. Pros and Cons Interesting Viewpoints From Our Exchanges - . A Look to the South " - · . · - ' : · ' · ' Manly ·Signal: :: With public attention centered on military and political conditions iii Europe, not so much attention is lieing paid to developments in South America, but some political observers are of the opinion that we will hear more about our relations with the countries to the south of us during the next few months'; and especially as the war in'Europe draws to a close. '· · _ It is admitted that'developrnents in Poland, Italy -and Greece have caused a deterioration- in.the. general political situation of Europe so far as the Atlantic :charter : and the 4 'freedoms are · concerned, Some students of international affairs feel that -there 1 will' be" some deterioration of brotherly' feeling between North arid South America In the. not too distant future. On Free Enterprise; · Indianola' Record-Herald: The very -men who would 'most like to be in business for themselves yet see the futility of bucking the big business organizations, are ultimately the most threatening potential socialists, because they crave a share of responsibility. If they cannot get it through their own business, they, will seek it through government control of business, for in that they can at least have a vote. If free business enterprise is to be preserved in this country, it is up to business to preserve it, espe-' oally to big. business, by preserving the business vote, It's Not Propaganda. ;. Sioux City Journal: When the German newspapers and nazi officials in Berlin describe the chaotic ^conditions in the reich, admitting that a feeling of panic is developing, that hundreds of thousands of refugees are streaming into, the capital from the east to get away from the Russians and that the picture of the future for the master race daily grows blacker and uglier It is not propaganda. Indeed, the, time has passed for the Germans to dish out any more propaganda of any kind. For the leaders 'and the people know what lies ahead. Waterloo Daily Cowrier: The Germans : made a bad blunder on the western -front the ^ other day. They fifed propaganda leaflets printed in '.Russian and intended for the eastern front into American lines." .The leaflets asserted that the United States was preparing to attack Russia In the Pacific and said only a strong Germany could s a v e Russia from "British and American Imperialistic alms." Editorial of Day WHAT ABOUT HENRY? UARRY BOYD in the Cedar Rap"ids Gazette: Few public figures in recent times have been tossed about by more confusing cross-currents of political philosophy than now are buffeting the future of Henry Wallace. It's not surprising that senate leaders are at a.loss as to the best way to proceed in the Wallace controversy, for what is the best thing to do with Henry is by no means an easy question to answer. Evidently a good many senators don't want to entrust him with the vast powers embodied in the R- F. C, which Senator Byrd calls the most colossal banking Institution the world has ever known, either public or private." But the possibility, now admitted by his supporters, that there may not be enough votes to confirm Wallace as head even of a department of commerce stripped of the lending powers raises a new question. That question Is: Should Wallace be elbowed completely out of the present administration? And there-are some reasons why he shouldn't be. In the first place, it is pretty obvious that Henry has his heart set on the 1948 presidential nomination. It isn't likely, therefore that the senate can relegate him to political* oblivion, even if H should keep him from holding an important public job. He has a sizable following in the CIO and allied g r o u p s , and he can be counted on to do his utmost in the next 4 years to extend that following by beating the drum for socialistic reforms that make a strong appeal to pressure groups. N O T E-Oeuicr, thnu«lrr «f thu xnle* f« «i«u«u ·f Mt-- a«t coiniMl-- kcl4 tita 4«tr tall »»m« and 4dnu U« Incltl* I J*"!* '« r*tmra mUft. Miiim Gl«k»-G uelU Inf unutl on B u r · » », W*aaaitaa, D. C. · Is it known as yet what units will nuke up the army of occupation In Europe after the war ends? The war ' department says no announcement has been made concerning the composition of the post-armistice army of occupation of Germany. Bow long did Brahms work on his First Symphony? The composer. worked on.it for 10 years. . . Do member* of the . oofpiUl cerp* carry anus?.-. ". . The war department says" that in general medical department personnel of the a r m y are unarmed. They may be armed under special circumstances. : H«w do the men In the merchant marine receive their mall overseas? - "'···':- ····';··-"'···-.'.· . ' The war shipping administration, in conjunction with the post- office department and the war and navy departments, has established a mail service for members 'of crews on American flag and American controlled vessels. Is the Rhine frozen ever in winter? - ', .· . · The river usually freezes in winter. At Cologne it is icebound for about 3 weeks. Have art critic* explained the famous Mon* Lisa, smile? Vasari said Leonardo, employed people to play and sing, and that the painter- continually ' jested while .working, in order 'to keep the lady merry :and= thus .banish that air of melancholy so often seen in painted portraits, Bepprts from the Sonth Pacific have mentioned an insect which makes its home in ran barrels. What Is Its name? . . ' . It is a bee of the family Mega- chilidae, a leaf cutting ^insect about one-rhalf inch long.- How large Is I*yte? '.'. The island, with an area of 2,799 square miles, is a little larger than Delaware. What does cbevet mean when applied to » church? Chevet, in French, means "a pillow." The term is applied to the eastern extremity of a church with surrounding chapels. -It corresponds to that part of the cross on which Christ pillowed His head. What Is the Inscription on the monument to Edith Cavell la Ixra- don? · ' · · ' . -. " . : ·"Patriotism Is not "enough- I must have no hatred or bitterness for anyone." Did You Know? By The Haskin Service OBSERVING In Cose of Robot- Attack ,suspeet that these rules of .conduct offered by civilian defense authorities to the residents of seaboard cities where robot bomb attacks are regarded as possible were based on the best experience.of our English cousins: 1. Air raid signals may not sound, If the air raid signals do sound, follow the rules in which you have been instructed. 2. Obey the orders of local authorities including Civilian Defense personnel. 3. These bombs may fall without warning. Be on the alert ·4. If a bomb is seen or heard approaching, dive behind any'pro- tection, available or lie face down and-protect .your head/and face with your arms. : : - 5. In case of continued bombing, seek the nearest shelter. 'Get indoors! Avoid the hazard:of flying glass. . · . · · . : . . , «. In case of intermittent bomb- Ing attack, proceed cautiously but remain on -the alert to take shelter if necessary. .: - ' · · . · · . % V. Do not use 1 the telephone unless you need'.help. 8. If you are near a radio, keep tuned to a local station. 9. Curb your' curiosity. Do .not go to the..· scene of the bomb ·ex- plosion. Stay where you are or go about your business. ', 10. Do. not rely upba and do not spread rumors. ' 11. Be calm.: ; REMEMBER? FORTY YEARS AGO Ted Tolson, the linotype operator for the Globe-Gazette, has been suffering with his eyes for several days. He has placed himself, under the care of a physician and is 'getting some relief, but at present Is still having a good deal of trouble. .He Is unable to work; Will -Woodward is manipulating the keys in Sergeant Tolson's place. Tuesday night, so'far as the records go, was the coldest night this winter up to date. The thermometer at the government station registered 17 below. THIRTY YEARS AGO Trie senior class of the high school entertained the freshmen last evening at dinner. There were 150 'present and the dinner was served cafeteria style. Those on the committee for the evening were Helen Hoag, Grace McEwen, Enid Watts and Crit McArthur. During the dinner toasts were given' by Cams Blaise,- Mrs. Hammitt and Miss Winkler. The guests of the seniors, aside from the freshmen, were the new teachers, Miss Wlnkley and Om M. Swank. ,' " Stenographer wanted--At once; must be rapid and accurate. Male of female. "Age.or looks cut no Ice/' It's results we want. J. H. Lepper, jeweler.--Ad. TWENTY YEARS AGO Los Angeles--The home of Charles Spencer Chaplin, film comedian, likewise his studio, might just as well be peopled by the deaf and dumb so far as the possibility of getting a statement on the reported strained marital relations of the Chaplins is concerned. Attorneys for the custard pie jokemaker's recently acquired girl-bride, Lita Grey Chaplin, have announced that negotiations are under way for a "financial settlement" between the 2. B. J. Drummond, who was chosen secretary of the Rotary club to fill out the unexpired term of Dr. A. W. Tandy, sent out his first notices today of the luncheon to be held at the Hanford Monday noon. · TEN YEARS AGO In line with the national purpose of the birthday balls the committee made arrangements Wednesday with. Dr. C. M. Franchexe, city health officer and president of the Cerro Gordo Medical society, to give a brief address on infantile paralysis and the need of funds to combat the disease. . The interests of U. S. highway No. 65 were given a real boost in Minnesota Wednesday as the result of a rally meeting held at Albert Lea. -Mason City was represented by F. J. Olson, Elmer Dilts and Charles Rohr and by Lester Milligan, president of the No. 65 highway organization. Furrowed Fancies By Roy Murray of Buffalo Center LEAD ON Many a fellow who thought he would be a leader of men, some day. Will end as a follower of some dame for Life operates that way. it American Meor Preferred was interested to a little background story about the present Hussian offensive passed along the other day by a Chicago representative in congress, Alexander J. Resa. When Russian army leaders were planning their all-out drive to crush Germany, they announced they would scad 100,000 pounds of lend-lease canned meat to help feed the troops on the march. A Chicago packing house was asked to fill the order but replied that the manpower situation was such that it doubted whether it could do the job. But clerks, executives and other non-plant workers pitched in. to help, and part of the Russian requirements were supplied. The remainder came from stockpiles in Britain. ~ Eventually the Russians began to roll--but not until they had the full 100,000 pounds. . Russian troops'are said to prefer American canned meat to almost any other ration. _V-Pay in Iowa Schools find an extremely potent argument f o r accepting the code commission's report now before-the Iowa legislature in the following excerpt out of that document: "From the-standpoint of salary, Iowa is decidedly not a good state in which to teach. The average salaries paid to teachers in Iowa placed H 36th from the top.in the list of states arranged in order o£ average salaries paid to teachers. "The average salary of Iowa teachers for 1942-1945, was $932, while the average for the United States was ?1,374. Iowa also appears in the list of states paying come teachers less than S6QO per year. This is less than $11.50 per week on a year's basis. "Iowa has a larger percentage of teachers paid less than $6GO per year than has Oklahoma, Maine, Vermont, North Carolina, a few of our poorer states, and than Nebraska, Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin," Michigan, among our adjacent and more comparable states. "Every year, we lose teachers to these last named states. Only 20 per cent of the teachers of Texas receive less than $1,200 per year while 50 per cent of the teachers of Iowa receive less than this amount." --V-The Spirit of One lowon gets was interested in this ex- gpgi cerpt out of the letter from one Iowa boy who has been serving in the Pacific for 3 years without any leave. His mother had suggested that she thought he ought to be coming home and this was his reply to her suggestion: "This is just as much my war as anybody else's. This war is a part of our life and times. I could not feel that I had lived if I had not taken part in its action, its pathos and its humor." . To C. E. LEFPLER --for being, elected chairman of the Cerfol Gordo county chapter of the Amer- ' icon Red Cross. Mr. Leffler has big shoes to fill in taking the place of T. t. Connor, chairman the past 4 years, but he has derh- I onstrated leadership in his work with the chapter and we are confident the same high standards will be maintained. - The Day's Bouquet* Mason City Globe-Goserte An A- f t . LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO 121-123 Eart state Street Telephone 300 tEE P. LOOMS . . - . .. ...;liUjl,M W. EASL HALL . . . M»n«lrir EJH.r ENOCH A. NOREM .-..-..t.CStflMUn LLOYD L. GECB . . . Advertiser.Uir. '- ThnrBday,-; . i , Feb.'l, 1945 : . i . - S M second-clam, manor .'April I 17, 1S30. at the postaaicf at Ha«n CtW. I towa.: under the act of'March 3. ISIS, I MEMBEB .ASSOCIATEO PHESS.' Thai Associated Press b 'exclusively entitled I to the me tar repuiilcallon of all news I dispatches credited to It or not otherwise I credited irpthls paper and also the'local! news published herein. .;."· ' ; ' SUBSCRIPTION BATES i a Clljr gad Clear JUle »y y«r. ; *lo) Mason city and Clear Lokt by week. «JB| Oolslde JOO Mile Zone--PC? year S10-I 6 months isjsa: 3 months S3: 1 month n I Outside M«sca Ciljr and Clear Lake and" I Wltnln 100 HUu cl Muoo CUr and Osti!de at lie Carrier Dlitrtcti «f il«.on City and Clear Lake: I Per year by carrier '. MOM I Per week by carrier J5 I Per year by mall .....;.... t l o o ! By mall 6 months .......;.." By mall 3 montHs .- .. By mall 1 month " J SWBMI--BK MISS HMTT- ANYTHINS- WKON0- ? f HEY? I WAS THE Liitxy ONE... pflrVr HAVE T? THANK Me/ CAPTAIN ·SMITH / fVE BEEW LOCKING- ALL. OVcg TO THANK VaO ASAIN KINO OF MAKES MB WONPfg HOW KATHX'5 , IN HALY...Se6MS SO , THAT WE -- YSTCIBBOCW MUTT- ANYTHINS TO KEEP PEACE IN THE FAMILV.' JUST A MlMtrrt, LITTLE BTTS, AND ILL HAVE HIM HITCHED Uf AND HELL TAKE \~CXJ FOG A BIDE-'' - S p f 9W I HAD HOPED AGAINST HOPE WmVER-.THISBOY ,j IT9AND.LWT ·IWOULDNTHAVETO. 1 ! IT WAS FOOUSHOF GOONESSf M OWN NEPHEW,ROY, SHAME LET US KNOW ? [ DIDN'T WANT YOU TO ME? I SHOULD HAVE ^ KNOWN 1WS\VOULD B- IMS. M;;c rEATllfiCS srMlirATE. tfc. WOSIO tlCHTS KI3 HA, HA/ LET'S SEE WATCH THIS -I'LL NOU TOP THAT./', BRIWC HIM BACK/- FOOH/TOAT WAS WOTOIUC, MEEUH/- I CAME OVEBTO TELL WNNEJVEBEEN] lYIP/VoUR AGCON.'WIUr SCHEME- YATOWiME ^ I WORKED.' VAGUELY FAMILIAR EEMEMBER/WE YA rr ALL OFF BETWEEN USEDTOBE EN- THE ALLEN GIRL N 1 ME." OKAV/6NE MEtHE NEEDLE I GOrtTCOMiN 1 THAT'S MY GOOD DEED, 5EE? THE BUCK SPECK,THE -REFLECTED BY THE METAL SHADOW OF THE SHIP HAS SHELL OF THE SHIP-IT HA6 REPLACED BY A SFARK 3tf£SS THERE'S dOTHIfJG FOS IT. BUT 7Q GO BACK DOWti tSffT THIS A H/CE LITTLE IF I «fePF A r/COD5MAtf, THIS IS f/HERe I KtMfiO PilTA-'- i'M MOT vew SMAGT TO Be LfO OH A

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