The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 5, 1939 · Page 1
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April 5, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 5, 1939
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HARL'ON E f? r- "~ ~ H I S T HEM A R t _ D £ f T O F l O W f t C O M P oes M O I W E S it NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT VOL. XLV CIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIJ, UiASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1939 THIS PAPES CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 152 NEWS; BEHI _ ByULMALLON NAVY READY"- CHAMBERLAIN Nazis Buy 70 Cent U. S. Wheat for 39 Cents WASHINGTON--After all. that has been said and done in Washington about stopping the dictators, listen . A German ship, the'S3 Dbnau, is now on the high, seas for Bremen with a cargo of A m e r.i c a n wheat. It was bought by foreign buyers -at · t h e equivalent of 38V a cents F O B, :Port- 1 a n d, O re., whence the Don a u departed - last week, at a t i m e w h e n wheat was sell_ . ,,.,. ing to Ameri- Paul Mallon cans at 70 cents in. Chicago. :'The foreign buyers got it foi around!half what Americans pay because. they got it from the American government, the Federal Surplus Commodities corporation, which paid far more for it. The loss is taken by the FSCC, which has no funds except those paid into the U. S. treasury by taxpayers. , In short, the American taxpayer is paying almost 50 per cent of Hitler's purchase price of the wheat, and the transaction was consummated as another branch of the federal government, the treasury, was announcing a 25 per cent penalty against imports from Germany in an attempt to curtail trade with that dictatorial nation. Low Price to Shanghai : Listen, further . . . The' FSCC has sold several cargoes of ..wheat lately to Shanghai (now controlled by the Japanese) at prices ranging from 39 to 40 cents f o'b Portland, wheras it actually: purchased this wheat f o b Steamer/Portland'at 72 % 'cents. - ~·'.' ThisSvas-a' subsidy of 33V cents a bushel tp : a' foreign buyer paid by the'government of the United States'.itrdHiitaxes....,. · '·· In ; neither. Ihis nor in! the German case was the wheat workec into flour in American mills employing American labor. No subsidy was granted to them so the} could get the business now to be done in Bremen and Shanghai, although they would use American cotton bags and American raihvaj transportation as well as labor. At Cross Purposes Now Agriculture Secretary Wallace wants tc institute a similar export subsidy system for cotton, whereby foreign buyers will be able to get it cheaper than Americans, and American taxpayers will pay' the difference. Plain fact behind the matter is that the foreign policy and the farm policy confUcC Mr. Wallace and State Secretary Hull are working at cross purposes. Mr. Wallace: wants to get rid of surplus American farm products, \vhile Mr. Hull wants Xo get rid of the dictators. Mr. Hull wants to promote foreign trade with non-dictatorial nations through reciprocal agreements. Mr. Wallace wants to dump his farm surpluses, and the dictator nations happen to be the ones in need of raw materials. The sacrifice of the taxpayers .money, says Mr. Wallace, is justified because otherwise the farmer would not get a half-decent .price.Then the farmer could not buy A m e r i c a n manufactured goods,- and all business would suffer. Hitler and Mussolini Confer MOVEMENTS OF ITALIANTROOPS ARE REPORTED Soldiers Are Ready to Enter Albania, Observers Indicate By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign News Editor Europe's new "peace front" bristled with guns Wednesday as both democracies and dictator! ships stepped up war preparations. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, in a long telephone conver- Setting Collegiate Record sation, discussed plans by which Germany and Italy would seek to ireak before they are sealed the nterlocking alliances which Great Britain is seeking to set up in Europe to prevent aggression and which the totalitarian regard as encirclement. Center Around Italy In London, which suffered a wave of jitters 'as result of contradictory reports of naval pie- cautions, the government of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain completed a defensive two-way military alliance with Poland as the keystone of an eastern Europe peace bloc into which Britain hopes to bring all nations in the path of nazi aggression. Actual military measures, apparently directed against the British-led united front, centered around Italy. 'Troops Reinforce. lanes Italian troops reinforced the John Patrick establishes and eats a new record for the honor and glory of his alma mater, the University ot Chicago. His meal supplied by Miss Marion Gerson (right), lie ate two and one-half phonograph records to prove those goldfish-gulping students from Harvard and Pcnn State are just softies. Crawford Makes Survey A private report on the business situation is being circulated among house republicans by Representative Fred Crawford of Michigan It is based largely on a four-day survey he made personally withir his own district (Saginaw). Mr Crawford is telling the republicans the situation was more discouraging than at anytime since 1933 . . . people are not buying . . . more than 550,000,000,000 (yes; billions) are tied up in savings deposits . . . i n f l e x i b l e fixed charges (taxes, labor, commodities) are too high to encourage business . . .one trucking transportation company has had to hire an expert at 57,000 a year to do' nothing except handle the firm's relations with the federal government. He spent two weeks alone to compile a report required by the ICC . - . only way out is to adjust prices downward (taxes, labor, commodities) in an effort to lure the $50,000,000,000 out of savings accounts... Government e c o n o m i s t s are agreed on their disagreement with the pessimistic tone of this picture. They blame the recent stock market discouragement entirely fascist Mediterranean lines "at every" danger spot and were reported ready to move into Albania to complete 'Mussolini's already powerful grip on. the land of King Zog. This move would give warning to adjacent Jugoslavia and Greece that 'adherence to anti- nazi front involves grave risks. At Tirana, which was rocked by a salute of 101 guns when Queen Geraldine, daughter ot the former Gladys Stewart ot New York, gave birth to an heir to the hrone, official Albanian sources maintained there was no thought of an Italian protectorate, but both florae and London dispatches indicated that the fascists had some stern but undisclosed measure in mind. Denied by Officials Infantry, artillery and airplanes ,veie reported ready to enter Albania from Italy. Other Italian forces, including heavy artillery, moved to reinforce the fascist outposts at the Dodecanese islands, near the Suez canal and still other Italian troops reportedly landed in Spain, where French and British diplomats asked for an explanation of the dispatch of fresh units to France's back door. Italian officials were understood' to have denied that fresh troops landed In Spain. The sudden announcement and subsequent denial ot -a statement by £arl Stanhope, the British first lord of admiralty, that anti-aircraft guns of the fleet had beer. manned for any eventuality left Britain in aYiother war dither but it made clear that naval precautions had been taken by London. French Solidarity Shown In France, President Albert Lebrun was due to be re-elected president of the republic in a gesture of national solidarity in line with the efforts of the cabinet ot Premier Edouard Daladier to mo- Stimspn Urges U. S. Throw Isolation Policy Overboard Wants'F.R.toGet " Greater Powers for Determining Aggressors LOOK INSIDE FOR- bilize the nation's full defensive forces. Rumania, still in an uncertain role in the British plans for east- WASHINGTON, W/_Hemy L. Stimson, one-time republican secretary of slate, urged congress arid the nation Wednesday to throw isolation overboard and give President Roosevelt greater powers to discriminate between aggressors and victims in war. "I weigh my wbrds," Stimson told the senate foreign relations committee, ''When I say that I believe that our present Caucasian civilization is threatened with the gravest danger with which it has been confronted for four ccntu- j lies." . | Isolation "Is Outmoded" Stimson, first witness at hearings on proposed changes in the neutrality act, said the theory of isolation "looks a little shopworn" and that the neutrality act, based on the former code of nations, was outmoded. He added that his ideas on neutrality legislation were most nearly approached in a measure by' Senator Thomas (D-Utah.) Thomas proposed that the president, subject to approval by congress, should be empowered t o ) name a treaty violator as an ag- j gressor and to embargo shipments-i to such a nation. j Won't Abuse Discretion Asking that wider discretionary powers be given the president; the former cabinet officer remarked that the handling of foreign affairs had a most sobering effect upon those entrusted with them and added: *'I am not impressed with the fear that in that presidential discretion is likely to be abused." Stimson added that should a general war start in Europe this spring, the present neutrality law might facilitate a result that would make the United-States "the next EDWARD J. KELLY Re-Elected Mayor as Chicago Casts Votes PAGE 2 Recover Climber's Body HINK HOPKINS AKES STEP TO 40 ASPIRATION Observers See Move for Iowa Residence as Presidential Aim WARM SPRING'S, Ga., (U.PJ-- 'olitical observers believed Wed- esday that Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins had taken is first step toward the 1940 .emocratic presidential nomina- lon. They did not know if lie had aken it with the knowledge and pproval of President Roosevelt But he had chosen to announce t to the world at the summer ·hite house here while a guest of he president. The step was this: Hopkins' is islabh'shmg his permanent resi- lence at Grinne], Iowa, where he vent to college years ago and lias ·isited but rarely since. This weei- he was elected a director of Grin- ncll college. Iowa Background Aid In making his announcement, iopkins said he was motivated only by a desire to establish a lome for his motherless daughter, Diana, 7. Because of his official duties in Washington--and Hopkins said he lad no intention of resigning--he will have little or no opportunity to live in his new home, ' · - · - : . - . ' · -=-r.--- ~--·-·."- ' . Accompanies Roosevelt Political experts agree that Hopkins' chances for the democratic nomination would be considerably augmented if he went before the convention as an lowan rather than from New York, his home before he went to Washington to become one of the brightest lights of the new deal, 50 cJose to Mr. Roosevelt that he often has been called "the crown prince." Hopkins accompanied President Roosevelt here from Washington to recover from influenza. Rescuers, on a ledge on Break Neck mountain near Cold Springs, N. Y., are shown pulling: up the body of Irving NVFelcin, 20, who was strangled when he became entangled in a rope by which he and a companion were descending the mountain side. The body dangled 800 feet in the air for two hours before rescuers succeeded in lifting it. House Votes for Business Managers in State Hospitals Pampered Players in News, Writer Decides PAGE 13 crn European alliances, dispatched' victim of attack." another infantry regiment to the) frontier on reports--later denied at Sofia--that Bulgaria was moving troops up toward the border. Hitler--and for the moat part the German press--maintained a quiet attitude toward the swiftly moving European scene as they did before the nazi fuehrer made his most effective thrust last summer at Czechoslovakia's Sudeten- land. Fire Trucks Dash to Home as Woman Makes Vote Query CKANUTE, Bert Brolliar Kans., (.P)-- Mrs. telephoned to the False Psychology Abroad Although Stimson did not name Germany, Italy and Japan by name, he said some governments, by aggressive tactics, had rejected "with open scorn and contempt," the code of behavior of nations, based on mutual respect. Stimson said that in his belief the neutrality act was creating a false psychology abroad. "The American people are not insensible to cruelty and aggression," he said. "Nor are they so i unintelligent that under the condi- ! lions of today they cannot distinguish an aggressor nation from its victim. On the contrary, being served with the most free and enterprising press in the world, they are probably better informed ot the facts necessary for such a determination than any other peo- ' Home EC Exhibit at Allison on April 1 2 PAGE 4 fire department to ask where to vote. Trucks rushed to her home, hose was connected to ·TT-.-, i. · . , · » \\a-a v-vjiulev,ii;v on Hitler, think everything else {iremen i)ed t points upward. Auto sales, they ' - - tion of Michigan) are 40 per over last year. hydrants and the porch. Minneapolis Boy, 3, Falls 3 Stories; Is Uninjured by Tumble MINNEAPOLIS, U.R--T h r e e year old Robert Lapinsky was unconcerned Wednesday over his tumble from a third story apartment window. The lad, son of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Lapinsky, was alone in a bedroom, but instead of sleeping evidently was playing on a window sill. Witnesses said he turned over several times enroute to the ground and landed on the lawn. He got up and walked away, ready to play with children nearby. Iowa Patrol Bill Is Given to Governor DES MOINES, (£)--The Iowa highway patrol was on its way out from under the administrative thumb of Secretary of State Earl G. Miller Wednesday. ' Only Gov, George A. Wilson's signature was needed to enact into law the public safely department bill uniting .various state law enforcement and inspection functions into one department headed by a safety commissioner. The Iowa house Tuesday completed legislative action on this pivotal item in the republican state government reorganization program by accepting a conference committee report on the safety bill. The senate previously had approved the report. Consolidates 5 Functions The measure provides for the appointment of the safety commissioner by the governor. A term ot four years and a salary of 55,000 annually is provided. The bill consolidates the functions of five principal state departments employing approximately 260 per! sons. The departments include the agents of the bureau of investigation, the police radio system, the patrol and the drivers' license departments under Secretary Miller, the commerce commission truck inspectors, and the state fire marshal's office. Miller Pledges Co-Operation Miller accepted the decision of Governor Authorized to Make Appointments in 15 Institutions DES MOINES, I7P)--By a 62-34 vote, the Iowa house Wednesday passed a bill granting the governor power to appoint business managers for each of the 15 state hospitals, homes and penal institutions. The measure, one of the republican state government "efficiency" measures, now must be returned to-the senate for concurrence in amendments. Approve Hospital Insurance The house also passed and sent io the governor a bill providing for the creation of nonprofit hospital insurance corporations. The lower chamber agreed 96 to 6, to concur in senate amendments to the measure. The seething Iowa board of control scrap spread into the Iowa house Wednesday where Representative F. J. Ritchie (R), Marcus, (Cherokee) defended state institutions against the "cow complaints" oE legislative investigat- TIIIEVES LEAVE NOTE NEWBERRY. S. Car., ( Thieves took'all the liens--25 ot Hitler Beats Ickes j in Chicago Ballot t h e after legislature waging a philosophically losing battle rolliar explained: «I them-from Lav,rcnce Derrick beM Senary CHICAGO. (U.R--Adolf Hitler CopjrI I lil, Sim Feitiru. Int.) water softener." Oh yes. Chanute approved the water softener. . . , this note: b r v against the bill. He promised to co-opevate with the governor in facilitating the change. The secretary's brief control of the highway safety unit--he came into office Jan. 2--was marked by several battles with the Iowa State Safety council over patrol policies. The council accused Miller ot making the patrol a "political football" after he had fired former Chief John R. Hattery and demoted one of the assistant chiefs. Miller in turn charged the council with unauthorized expenditure of state funds in its safety education campaigns. ors. During debate over a bill providing for the appointment of a business manager at each of the 15 state hospitals, homes and prisons, Ritchie asserted maintenance of valuable state dairy herds is "good business" and beneficial to institution inmates. Critical Report Expected Forthcoming in t h e senate shortly is an investigation report expected to be critical of institution management. Charges that the domestic animals at the state hospitals-have been I'eceiving better care than the patients already have been aired in the upper house. The charges referred to "air- conditioned"' barns and indiviclua drinking cups for cows at one hospital. Ritchie asserted the Cherokei slate hospital for the insani maintains a dairy herd which pro duces an ax'erage of 1.2 pints o milk a day for inmates and em ploycs. Each S1QO worth of feed has produced a return of SI 94.76, he added, and weaned pig litters h a v e averaged 8.25 animals apiece. \ Defends Superintendents "Do you know any farmer in your county who can equal that record?" he asked. "I never made a record to equal those figures in my life." Concerning statements that some of the institution superintendents ought to be replaced, Ritchie said: "Maybe the board of control is just as much to blame as the management for these conditions."' The three-man control board supervises the activities of the various institutions. He suggested replacing superintendents wherever it can be .Justified but objected to the KNIFE USED ON FUNDS STUDIES House Appropriations Committee Against Any New Large Buildings DES MOINES, (/P)--The Iowa louse appropriations committee ;ot out the old pruning knife Wednesday and cut the state educational institutions completely out of the capital improvements picture for the next two years. Even the state insanity hospitals and other board of control institutions felt the effects of the committee economy wave which slashed capital improvements ask- ings from 52,403,375 a year down to a recommended total of $595,600. "The committee early decided that there should be no large new building operations during the coming two years," O. N. Hultman (R), Stanton, said. "The general theme of the recommendations is to correct the insanitary conditions and fire hazards at board of I STANHOPE TALK TO "MAN GUNS" IS SUPPRESSED Minister Explains Unsuccessful Attempt to Discount Speech LONDON, (fl 3 )--Prime Minister Chamberlain told the house oC commons Wednesday that he personally gave directions that British newspapers should suppress or discount Earl Stanhope's "man the guns" speech because it gave an incorrect impression. Chamberlain said he had acted to "spare the public unnecessary agitation" over the declaration made by Stanhope, first lord of the admiralty, Tuesday night. The prime minister said amid laughter and cliecrs: "Apparently my efforts to spare the public unnecessary agitation were not altogether successful but the incident will at any rate have served to demonstrate the constant readiness of the navy for all eventualities." The Earl of Stanhope's Portsmouth speech had declared naval inti-aircraft guns had been manned "to be ready for anything." Stanhope went to No. 10 Downing street, the prime minister's residence, 40 minutes before the weekly cabinet meeting was scheduled to start and had a long talk with Chamberlain. Chamberlain s a i d Stanhope's statement was "unpremeditated" and.denied that the first lord of the admiralty had asked the press to give special prominence to his statement. Treated as/UlIsimderslandingf The prime minister's tendency to treat the incident as a misunderstanding left-the impression that Stanhope's position -in the cabinet wouid not be impaired. Stanhope in a speech Monday night declared that anti-aircraft guns of the fleet were manned "to be ready for anything." The declaration provoked sharp repercussions. The premier's office issued a denial. The admiralty asked the press to suppress the statement. It was understood that the discussions between F o r e i g n Minister Joseph Beck of Poland and the British foreign secretary, Viscount Halifax, resulted in a pledge that Poland would fight fur Britain should she be threatened by an affgrressor. Britain was understood to have informed Italy that now the Spanish war was ended, Italian troops should be withdrawn from Spain. The foreign minister of Italy, Count Ciano, was said by Lond'on sources to have stated that no Italian troops had landed in Spain recently. On Early Broadcast The minister's speech was re- control institutions and to get i ported in some London news- along without a n y n e w buildings . . . . the next two years.''. State colleges and schools luid asked 5585,000 a year for buildings in the 1939-41 biennium, the most costly of which would have been a S300.000 library on the University of Iowa campus. Also eliminated was a state fair board request for 3235,000 a yeai- for a new 4-H club dormitory on the fairgrounds here. Hultman said only two new buildings were authorized in the recommendations. They are a 340,000 grade school structure at the Iowa soldiers orphans home at Davenport, and a 5300,000 fiirls custodial building at the Glcn- wpod institution for the feeble minded. 1 The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Mostly cloudy, rain or snow in extreme cast, colder Wednesday niht, temperature generally freezing or bctow. More or less cloudiness Thursday, continued cold. MINNESOTA: lUorc or less unsettled, colder Wednesday nlffht,. considerably colder in cast and extreme south; generally fair and continued cold Thursday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Tuesday 59 Minimum Tuesday night 34 At 8 a. m. Wednesday 37 Kain '.24 inch to ouejn Tuesday's The safety bill was adopted by pullets and start over again. We | "\vvite-in" are coming back to sec you! _ . -. » , some | mayoralty election. Hitler got two [ a vote of 82 to 13, after the con" " " votes and Ickcs got i ference report was accepted, 81 to j the bill would result in a $300,000 I7 - ' annual saving to the state. ,v ,. blanket indictment of supcrin-1 Rain Tuesday night turned the tendents contained in the business | grass a bright green. Blooming o manager bill. j crocuses was another refreshing Representative Y. .\. Latchaw ' sifin of spring. (R). Wilton Junction, estimated i YEAR AGO: Maximum 41 Minimum 23 papers and the text was carried by the British Broadcasting Corporation in its short wave nc\vs broadcast to the British Empire before the admiralty's suppression could be effected. It was omitted, however, from subsequent broadcasts but no contradiction of the admiralty lord's remarks was put on the air. The almost unprecedented action of the admiralty in suppressing Stanhope's Portsmouth speech and of the prime minister's office in denying it, left no doubt that the government was greatly concerned over the possible consequences of his words: " . . . It became necessary to ive orders to man anti-aircraft ?uns of the fleet so as to be ready for anything that might happen.' 1 Berlin Makes Comment Comment was soon forthcoming from Berlin. The noonday newspaper Zeitung Am Mittag. captioned its front page editorial: "Mars Inhabitants Now Before England." The newspaper recalled the Oct. 30 scare in the United States over a radio dramatization of a Martian invasion. "Does Lord Stanhope think the Martians now are marching on England?" Zeitung Am Mittag asked. The cabinet, meeting after the Stanhope-Chamberlain conference, discussed the admiralty lord's speech and its possible effects abroad in view of the present delicate international situation, as well as how to explain it. Confer With Bcck The ministers received from Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax a detailed report on his discussions with Polish Foreign Minister Col. Joseph Beck looking toward the Polish-British mutual assistance alliance as the keystone j of an "anti-aggression'' lineup in I Europe. [ Colonel Beck meanwhile mo' toied to Windsor castle to lunch

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