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Page Four Published in La Porte City, Iowa, every Thursday afternoon. EVERETT H. SMITH Editor and Publisher SUBSCRIPTION PRICES Black Hawk county and adjoining townships in Benton, Tama and Buchanan counties, per year _ 52.00 Elsewhere in United States $2 GO Striellj Cash in Advance Entered as second class matter at the post office at La Porte City, la., under Act of Ular 3, 1870. EDITORIALS many itself. There will be i guard fighting for some til with local nazi successes one that look like the opening _ action; but the days for a real German offensive in Russia have passed. Germany has lost its war with Russia, and in I losing it has sealed its own doom. The 1 only question from now on is how long the German leaders and people will try to continue the hopeless struggle. The only hope they now have left is that prolonging the war might lead to easier peace terms than would come with unconditional surrender. When this hope dies, Germany will quit. That may come this spring. It will certainly come this year. Internationalists, worried by their dwindling strength in congress, have started a move to repeal the constitutional provis.on that treaties must be approv- T, rru- , , ed by a two-thirds vote Two-Thirds Vote of the United States tor Our Treaties senate. They \ \ a n t to , , approve treaties in the future by a simple majority vote, and argue that a minority of little more than a third of the members of the senate should not be able to block treaties as happened after the last war. We think that it would be well to point out at this time that the makers of our constitution decided that it should be more difficult to ratify a treaty-must stand a period of years unless revoked by both nations party to' it-- than to adopt a national law which can be repealed at any time by a simple majority vote. For this reason, it was so arranged that these binding treaties could not be entered into hastily. They had to be proved so desirable that 'two-thirds of the members of the senate saw their advantages. They recognized that some desir- The plan to protect war profiteers on their huge 1942 earnings--the Ruml "pay-as-you-go" income tax proposal- seems pretty well on the way out in Washington. Present indications are that everyone will have to pay full income Uxes right through the war, and that the shift to current payments instead of the present delayed ones will be made gradually over a period of two to four years. The Ruml plan, sponsored by the head of the New York federal reserve bank and his Wall street cronies, was well publicized, and naturally got a warm welcome from taxpayers "of every degree who hoped to dodge the burdensome payments on 1942 income, but it doesn't seem to be fooling congress. We hope that the few misguided Republican "oppositionists" who know better but have backed the plan anyway for political purposes, will get down to business and co-operate in working out a reasonable substitute. * v ' TT AVA A ili Opinions expressed herein are tnose or ilie uriier. and may or RM nol co-iforin to the editorial vleuj of Iho Progress Review BJ I.OL CAIIUNEB With home gardening and home canning being urged upon the people of this nation as an essential war activity, it seems to us that the authorities in Washable treaties might fail to be ratified, b u t ' ington should take steps immediately to or misguided they felt that this was balanced by the fact that a number of unwise treaties might also be blocked in spite of momentary majority support drummed up by administration pressure public hysteria, It is true that this provision kept us from getting into the League of Nations. It should likewise be remembered, though, that it has never been proved that we would have been better off had we joined the league. If any new post war plan, requiring a treaty, comes along which is so clearly desirable that there is no question but that the nation should accept a part in it, the required treaty will be able to get the necessary two-thirds vote in the senate. Plans so vague and uncertain that this two-thirds majority cannot be obtained would better be left alone. One of the big questions in Des Moines now is . ; i^t what the legislature is * to do \ *Â·*' 'hat new 700-page school code bill. V i Â· nly two and a half weeks of the s i loft, it is improbable that many of t h _ members will be able to read much of the measure, and best bet right now is that the whole thing will be laid over for two years for study and analysis Few of the members of the legislature want to take the responsibility of voting for such sweeping changes in the management and financing of education in the state without knowing more about the bill on which they are voting. There is a chance, though, that the legislative committees will bring out at least some portions of the new code for consideration at this session -- probably the parts start production of war-time home canning equipment. The shortage of canning equipment, especially pressure cookers, is acute; and unless this is corrected, thousands of tons of home-grown food will not be canned or will spoil after canning. We don't know how much critical material would have to be released to meet this need, but certainly it would serve a useful purpose. Now is the time for the government to act, for it will take several weeks to get home canners into production and distributed to retail centers throughout the country. Next summer-when canning time is upon us--will he too late. Thomas E. Dewey, who went into the 1940 Republican convention with only 35 per cent of the people supporting his candidacy, came very near sweeping through to the nomination, despite Wendell L. Willkie's hysterical support from a hypnotized party membership. As the first maneuvering for the 1944 convention begins, Dewey now 13 rated as being supported by nearly 70 per cent of the members of his party, despite his professed lack of interest in the Republican nomination. If this situation continues, it seems altogether probable that the New York governor will be drafted for the job, possibly with Bricker or Stassen for his running mate. We believe that Mr. Dewey will accept the nomination, even though he refuses to campaign for it prior to the convention. What has happened to the legislature's idea of revising and streamlining the state's accounting system? It begins involving little controversy and no addi- to look nnw as though we would have to tional appropriations. It begins to look as though the state legislature--always more than sensitive to the wishes of the rural part of the population--will vote soon to put Iowa back on sensible time. There have been a few objections that return 'to standard time would interfere with the victory garden program, but farmer members of the legislature have brushed these aside with the comment that by mid-summer moat town folks will have abandonned their victory gardens and gone back to playing golf anyway. And the golf players in the legislature, of course, don't have the nerve to stand up and tell what shorter evenings will do to their golf games. face another two years of the antiquated, involved, patchwork system built up during the past century. The boys go to Des Moines every two years with loud assertions that they are going to give the state a bookkeeping system which will make it possible for everyone to understand what is being done with Iowa's money, but nothing is ever accomplished. There remains a vague suspicion that some politicians prefer to keep the state records so tangled that no one can know for sure just who is right when the arguments start during our state political campaigns. The war news continues to be good, especially that from the Russian front. There is every indication now that the Germans realize that they cannot win in Russia, and are embarking on a grand retreat back nearly to the borders of Ger- dent! A cynic of our acquaintance says that President Roosevelt need have none of the fears of assassination which hover over leaders in other countries, and which have been real enough in the days of other presidents in this country. The worst Roosevelt-hater, our friend points out, realizes that if anything happened to F. D. R., we'd have Wallace for preai- (Continued from Page One) capital and surplus; a'so passed regulations licensing day nurseries, prohibiting child.placing agencies from operating maternity homes ard rcquirini* a psychologist on commissions t" examine feeble, minded person^. House Has a Ludy Tim* The House haj a lively time over a bill to raise the pay of county officers and deputies. Increased livinp costs guaranteed incomes, capernc^s of men to seek office, frozen salaries and other like arguments marked the debate. The speeches indicated that leg_ islators do not think the public employee who receives over $2,000 a year is the one to worry about. Cities and Country By a vote of 66 to 27 the House tabled a bill to exempt property in cities and towns from the levy which supervisors may make for road purposes. The debate brought out decided opinions about the relations between cities and towns and their cojntry cousins. A bill granting banks the right to make installment loans at 7 per cent passed the House after being pawed over for several days. On the final day speeches -were limited to two minutes. This reduced the heat The bill passed 64 to 39. Include Farm Labor GOVERNOR OF WISCONSIN AT 80 Io\\a u.ii visors to g fund b, r ( genual IvV ^ . - Â· Â· Pl Â» t ft ,i. i m u n t - Â·." Â·,,, !Â· - Pu- Un- n " under 1 j, K V a n ; peal mei Â· _ti"Â» , levy on .,11 [P1 ~' 0 MADISON, WIS --Walter S. Goodland, 80, re-elected to be Lieutenant- Governor of Wisconsin for the third time in 1942 was sworn in as Acting Governor following a State Supreme Court ruling settling a controversy that arose whÂ«n Governor-Elect Orland S. Loomis died before taking office. The Acting Governor is a Republican while Loomis had been elected on the Progressive ticket. The Acting Governor is shoÂ«n helping Mrs. Goodlind wash dishes on their farm near Franksville, Wis . from which he emerged from ten years of retirement to assume office. ? i * L ] ehites i"., t ) L ! lines u . c , ^ RolleM! S l h r o l 1^ Relieu schcol having i )n} f the annul c n 'i tl vance K -^j, as the I v, ,1'ne . Kr (!,,,,," Â· to keep ,)Â·-Â· C L S (. 1 a day e\c VH,; S L holidays p t 1915 pu.., ,, pitals Prohibit towns of more than 5,000 to join Iowa League Of Municipalities . . . Require insurance companies and associations to accept bona fide cash offer on real estate held for five years Set Up Defense Work Set up civilian defense work and appropriate $130,000 for support of industrial and defense commihsion . . Increase pay of chief probation officers in larger counties . . Increase salaries of superior court judges to 54,000 annually . . . Eliminate state di_ vision of safety education and retain highway patrol at reduced Include labor in unemployment membership . . . Simplify forms compensation law to include serv. ices on a farm To prevent discrimination against any practitioners of medicine recognized by laws of the state . . Place fi_ lawa ui me siaie . . rjace Ii_ ana sue nance companies under state bank.' members, ing department . . . Permit salary' ot bills introduced by making titles sufficient if they express purpose of the bill . . . To eliminate Governor as library trustee and substitute four appointive increases for county employes and fix increases for supervisors, assessors and deputy sheriffs . . . Increase to 10 years time holders of tax certificates may take action . . . Permit towns to have trustees to govern municipal hos_ Make Microfilm Records Authorize state tax commission to make microfilm copies and destroy original records . . . Create uniform law for transfer of stocks , , . Permit sending of mentally ill persons to state hos- pitnl for observation . . Prohibit putting newspaper boxes on highways . . . Give state aid to fairs and short courses in counties v.ith two farm associations . . . Preserve state aid to fairs suspended on account of the war . . Permit supervisors to use during 1933-44 secondary road funds for maintenance . . . Require county fairs to complete reports by November 1st. . . . Permit condemnation of land] for cemetery purposes . . Fix fees for transporting pupils where schools have been closed . . . Create committee on inter.state co-operation . , . Provide consoli_ dated levies for cities and towns . . . Set ceiling on tuition for nonresident high school pupils and, prohibit offers of special induce. ] mcnt for attendance. Pay for Tuition Provide payment for tuition of children in charitable institutions . . . Eliminate township boards of health and create county boards . - . Permit debtors to pay all or part of an indebtedness on any in_ terest or principal paying date . . . Permit foreign power commissions to acquire and operate I MDC tax lor animation vessels in i employmti Â· Allocate b fund . . cutting br i include "\ *,-\ noxious w c N against cc 11 o accounts fi uirc sons permi H in tory . . 1 ni,p. from clefimu i 0 To open t u"i n ui state fan $300 state .1 of men in ici certificates h u c fy . . Clan, pi of cities . fu of fnc protLLiinii i fire marshal regulation of to and schools . F agomcnt of slut. | fund by appul bi tive council. RES I Kit Algona cit,/tns coroner a "dead" parking abutting Officers aiming thought o t l u ' V i e "coipse" up bit him in ]ail tu tobL Your engine's cylinders can't stop empty. They'll either load up with fresh raw gas when you abut 'er off, or get caught with state burned gas they can't belch out In those useless leftovers are corro- ave acids, trapped in the engine you can't replace--along with moist "sweat" as the interior cools. Any chemistry freshman knows these causes of biting corrosion, always present--long before wartime. But when your car was in frequent use, at speeds that thoroughly wsrmed the engine, it helped to offset the worst acid effects. How different today, when mileage, speed, and average engine heat are all down--giving acid its chance to run riot! You can't open the engine and keep sponging out any acids or other moisture, while your car stands little used nowadays. But without eitra fuss or r -ravagance you can change to Conoco NÂ«i motor oil and get your engine internally OEO-FLATED. You're familiar with anti-corrosive plating...like chromium-plating. Just as closely, this protective OIL-PLATING will be kept surfaced to delicate parts by advanced synthetic means--as described in the celebrated patent on Conoco Nfh. Though your gasoline- rationed car makes few runs, you can combat corrosion between times. For you can keep your engine OIL-PLATED by changing to Conoco N'h this Spring at Your Mileage Merchant's Conoco station. Continental Oil Company OIL- PL ATE 5 ENGIHE C O N O C ! M O T O R 01 HOME OIL COMPANY J. TUTT SERVICE STATIC FARME: SUPPLY co.