The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 30, 1943 · Page 1
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January 30, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Saturday, January 30, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T 0 3 V A K O ARCrflrfM^ "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKCS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AW HOME EDITION rmrm FUU , MASON CITY, IOWA, SATURDAY; JANUARY 30, 1943 ------------ - -- ---*.-.·-··».**) ^-j.^. \jj.mfiL. j., tirvi( U-ri.IV 1 C\} } lyld *wa i-ArtK UOKMSTS OF TWO SECTIONS ATfl QT RAID BERLIN AS GOERING TALKS * * * * ALLIES POSH ON REDS ROOT AXIS - Deep German Defenses on 44 Mile Russian Front Are Shattered By RICHARD McMUKRAY Associated Press War Editor British eighth army vanguards moved into Tunisia Saturday in remorseless pursuit of Marshal Rommel while the great red armies of Russia enveloped 40 more towns west of Voronezh in an offensive consuming Hitler's waning manpower. * * * Allied successes in Russia and on the rim of Europe in North Africa combined to make a melancholy backdrop for the tenth anniversary of Hitler's rise to power in Germany. * * if It was ten years ago that bewildered old President Paul von Hindenburg turned over the chancellery to the brown shirted politician. The German people were sowing to the wind; Saturday they were reaping the whirlwind. LAST BIT OF DCCE'S EMPIRE WON BY BRITISH The British move across the Tunisian frontier completed the cona.uest.of Libya, last bit of Mus" sohni's expensively .\yon_!African empire, and tightened "the narrow Socket in which Rommel's refugees and the expeditionary force of Col. Gen. von Arnim are holding against two British and one U. S. army, beside the 80,000 or more French troops of Gen. Henri Giraud. , The magnificent army o£ Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery passed the battered port of Zuara, 65 miles west of the Libyan capital of Tripoli. Part of Rommel's 60,000 to 70,000 fugitives are believed behind the French built Mareth line, 65 miles within Tunisia. Further to the north in the re- fion between Sfax and Gabes, an axis held corridor had been narrowed to about 30 miles and American forces were maintaining steady pressure to prevent a wholesale amalgamation of Rommel's and von Arnin's troops. * * * The weather remained bad, limiting flying and ground operations, but the peak of the rainy season will soon be passed. Toward the middle of February, the terrain may be dry enough for a massive allied offensive to drive the axis completely from Africa. DEEP GERMAN DEFENSES SHATTERED BY RUSSIANS The latest Russian success was scored west of Voronezh, the hinge of the Russian lines about midway between Moscow and Stalingrad. Deep German defenses were shattered on a 44-mile front and the Russians declared that parts of nine divisions were sealed tightly in a trap cast of recaptured Kas- "tornoye. * * ¥ In three days of advances ranging: np to 31 miles, the Russians hilled or captured 26,580 of the foe and wiped out an entire Italian Alpine corps, 11,000 of whom were captured. In this bag- were three of Mussolini's tenerals. Springing forward beyond the captured rail junction of Propnt- kin, 130 miles southeast of Rostov in the Caucasus, the Russians =aid they captured more towns. Advances also were made on the lower Don where the red army stood only 56 miles short ot Rostov, ·kingpin of the whole German position in the south. Fire Destroys Hangar and 26 Airplanes at' Winona; Loss $100,000 1VINONA, Minn., (U.FS -- A fire which destroyed the Winona airport hangar and 26 planes within 45 mmules was estimated Saturday to have caused damage of more than 5100,000. The explosion of cleaning fluid which was being used on a plane under repair started the fire at 3:15 p. rn Friday. Within 45 minutes only the shell of wood and concttle structure was'-lcft standingand all but three planes at the airport were damaged beyond repair Freights crash Service to the north of Mason City was annulled on the Chicago North Western railway Saturday while a wrecking crew cleared tracks at Hanlontown where an extra freight collided with another extra freight waiting on a siding about 10 o'clock Friday night one-half mile west of Hanlontown. Extra freight No. 2413 hauling 47 cars and moving east, headed on to the siding at Hanlontown to meet No. 223 northbound Extra No. 1351, also heading east with 23 cars, collided with the rear end of the first freight, which was standing on -the siding.. The caboose was destroyed by fire. Two other cars were destroyed. No one was injured in the wreck and the engine remained on the track. The cause of the wreck has not been determined. The wrecker was sent from St. James, Minn., to clear the tracks. Woodsman, Pinned by Tree, Saws Self Free OQUOSSOC, Maine, WPj -- Tom McGraw, 65 year old woodsman, wouldn't give up. A tree felt and pinned him to the ground Friday for six hours. After the first two hours, he managed to clutch the saw he had dropped.-Four houri later, he .had. sawed through .the tree, releasing himself. He was not seriously injured. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Not much change in temperature Saturday afternoon. Colder Saturday night and Sunday forenoon. Lowest temperature in Mason City 2, IOWA: Colder Saturday night and in the east portion Sunday forenoon. Little change in temperature in west portion Sunday forenoon. MINNESOTA: Colder Saturday night and entire state Sunday forenoon. Intermittent l i g h t snow north portion Saturday night and Sunday and ending central portion Saturday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Friday 29 Minimum Friday night 17 At 8 a. m. Saturday 24 Snow i/, inch Pi'ecip. . -02 inch YEAR AGO: Maximum 33 Minimum 30 ROOSEVELT, 61, STILL PILING UP PRECEDENTS Eye Not Dimmed for Dramatic; Latest Trip Shows Vigor Continues WASHINGTON, (XP)--President Roosevelt was 61 years old Saturday and, as a sideline to directing America in its most titanic war, he still is setting precedents at a rapid pace. That the passing of another year has not dimmed his eye 'for the dramatic and spectacular or made heavy inroads on his vigor was demonstrated by his epochal flight to Casablanca to chart 1943 war. plans designed to force "unconditional surrender" of German}-, Italy and Japan. Never before in war time had an American chief executive set foot on foreign soil, or conferred in their home lands with heads of other nations, as he did on the way back from Africa with Presidents Barclay of Liberia and Vargas of Brazil. / Time has left its mark on the man. of course. His hair is sparser and grayer and his face shows deeper seams. Yet the tremendous burdens . of the presidency -have taken relatively little toll of his health. And;in the year just ended, he has been bothered with-fewer of his recurrent colds than in some less strenuous years. For Mr. Roosevelt, Jhe period between his sixtieth and sixty-first birthdays was perhaps as eventful as any in his career. It saw the development of the united nations as the most formidable international union ever established. * * * It saw those nations shift from the defensive to tiie offensive, with the help of what the president has called a miracle of production in the United Slates. It saw the Japanese pressed back at points in the Pacific, an Anglo-American invasion of North Africa, and a colossal winter offensive sprung by Russia. * * * ' The year ahead might well be equally eventful. Mr. Roosevelt has promised that the allies will strike and slrike hard at the axis triumvirate and that 1943 will see substantial advances along the rough roads to Rome, Berlin and Tokio. Through all the turbulence of war. with its transfer ot emphasis from domestic to international e, Delay Start of Anniversary Address Nazi People Promised Victory While Armies Continue to Retreat ROOSEVELTAND VARGAS REACH ACCORD ON AIM Agree at Conference That Atlantic Must Be "Sale for All" WASHINGTON, (.«)--The presidents of the United Stales and Brazil, reaching an accord in a RAIDED BERLIN --This speedy twin engined mosquito bomber of the British au- force is the type which Saturday made a daylight raid on Berlin. Each craft is capable of carrying a 2,000 pound bomb load and can make a round trip flight.of 1,200 miles. It is equipped with four cannon and four machine guns. time for chats with old friends, and evenings at the while house for books, his stamp collection or movies. * * ¥ Then, still energetic, he lias worked day and night when the exigencies of the moment demanded It. Casablanca dispatches noted, for example, that he and Churchill" frequently had conferred into the early mornins hours during their 10- day meetine. . * * * ' With the-president immersed in the issues .jraised-by^a^lobal^war-, America cefebrates his birthday as usual, with parties, balls and campaigns to raise funds to combat infantile paralysis, the dread disease which once assailed him. America's salute to his birthday, on all radio networks at 10:15 Saturday night (CWT), has added Bing Crosby, Dick Powell and Florence George to the roster ol talent. Crosby mid "Powell will sing two of the president's favorites, and Miss George will sing "The Star Spangled Banner." Mr. Roosevelt, speaking briefly in response to (lie nation's greeting, will be heard at a convenient time within the hour. The point from which he is broadcasting has not been revealed because of wartime restrictions. Besides this program, the blue network at 9:15 will carry a sa- Jute from American doughboys in England. INDICTED BY GRAND JURY DES MOINES, (#) -- A l Bisignano, proprietor of Babe's restaurant, one of the capital city's most popular night spots, and his SANITARIUM AT NEVADA BURNS Baby Missing; 40 Room Structure Is Destroyed NEVADA. Iowa, (fP)--.\ two- weeks old baby was missing Saturday after fire destroyed the Iowa sanitarium on the south edge_of-Nevada. About 15'patients'were taken"ip safety and a staff of about the same number in the 40 year old 40 room brick-wall building escaped without injury. The fire was reported about 8 a. m., and within an hour the structure was a crumbling mass of ruins. Hospital officials estimated the loss at 375,000 to S100,- 000 and said there was 350,000 insurance on the institution. The hospital was operated by the Iowa Seventh Day Advcntist association. The missing baby belonged to Mr. and Mrs. Clifton DoolHtlc of near Nevada, ft was in an incubator on the third floor of the structure. Two other babies were taken to safety. Patients were removed without difficulty, some going to their home and others temporarily to the nearby Oak Park academy also operated by the Adventists. Volunteer firemen from Nevada and one truck from Ames fought the blaze, but were unable to save the old building. One witness said "the fire just seemed to burst out all over." Buy War Savings Bonds and crc I Stamps from your Globe-Gazette conference, are agreed Atlantic must be made personal lhat the "safe for all" and that West Africa and Dakar must never iigiiiu offer threats of blockade or invasion against the Americas. On the way home from the mainline of war. strategy with Prime Minister Churchill at Casablanca. Morocco. President Koosevelt conferred with President Vargas aboard a United States, destroyer at Natal Thursday. They told of the paint" they had agreed on in a joint statement Friday night. In Rio De Janeiro, Vargas asserted that a complete accord on the war effort was reached between the two American allies, stirring fresh speculation whether Brazil might take an even more active role in the conflict by sending troops to the actual battle- lines. On .two points they- were definite.-r-,-- : ~--.-^-.-~-- .. ~ "It is the aim of Brazil ^ariS~of the United States to make the Atlantic ocean safe for ali. r '8they said'in their joint declaration released at the -white house. "We are deeply grateful for the almost unanimous help that our neighbors are giving to the great cause of democracy throughout the world." _ The latter sentence was regarded as being addressed particularly to Argentina, the only one of the Latin American nations which has ftiiletl to declare war on the axis or rupture diplomatic relations. The two chief executives also expressed "complete agreement that it must be permanently and definitely assured lhat the coast of West Africa and Dakar never again under any circumstances be allowed to become a blockade or an invasion threat against the two Americas." * * * They said they had spent an evening going over problems of the war as a whole, but particularly the joint Brazilian-United BULLETIN LONDON, (if 5 )-- Fast British mosquito bombers raided Berlin twice Saturday, once at 11 a. in., and again just before Reichs- marshal Hermann Gocring Itcgsui speaking at noon, and one bomber failed to return from the second foray, it was announced SaturCuy. LONDON, (AP)--British mosquito bombers swept across GDI-many and poured explosives on Berlin Saturday to delay for a tumultuous hour an -anniversary address in which Air Marshal Herman Goering promised ultimate victory to the German people. Timing its first daylight assault of the war on the nazi capital to coincide with the K)lh anniversary of Adolf Hitler's accession to power, the RAF struck its target precisely at 11 a. m., when Goerittr~was supposed (o start his speech. *£*{·*{· " if 2£ A nazi radio announcer said the fuehrer himself was 'with his soldiers." The British air ministry said the swift mosquito bomb- ^:cr», Britain's newest type in action, returned safely from their hazardous expedition WO miles into hostile territory. The Berlin radio subsequently issued this statement: "Three British planes penetrated into .Germany under the cover of thick clouds Saturday, This operation was carried out for propaganda purposes only." The announcer, did not say where the. planes went. HERMAN GOERING --Raid Delays Speech south Atlantic and Vargas announced "greatly increased efforts on the part of his country to meet this menace." carrier boy. FINDS RIGHT CUSTOMER ALBION, N. Y., (.?·)--A company sent by mistake to a local store two right-footed slices, .size - -- .nine, instead of the customary States effort. They.. considered, j paii-. As She proprietor prepared to too, the continuing submarine return them, a one-legged man endanger from the Caribbean to the I tcrcil and purchased both. FROM '33 TO '43 WITH'.FRANKLIN D. By ALEXANDER K. GEORGE AP Features Writer WASHINGTON--The 6Ist birthday of Franklin D. Roosevelt finds him rounding out 10 tempestuous years in the White House with ·security" still the theme song of his amazing presidential career. Through a decade of precedent- smashing economic recovery and reform measures, of bitter political strife and finally of this country s involvement in war, the right of all to "a comfortable living, secure from the fear of poverty and ot war" has been the keystone of his political preachments.. The underlying pattern of the 'Roosevelt political revolution" and the spreading of war flames to American shores are reflected in the following utterances, culled from public statements made by him since he ascended to the presidency: 1933 "I have no sympathy with the professional economists who insist lhat things must run their course and that human agencies can have no influence on economic ills."--Radio talk to the people. 1934-- '-The old fallacious notion of the bankers on the one side and the government on the other, as more or less equal and independent units, has passed away. Government by the necessity of things must be the leader. . must be the judge of conflicting ll groups of the com' interests in a m it n i I y. including bankers'' -Address to American Bankers Association. 100 per cent of the population against 100 per cent of the hazards and vicissitudes of life, but we have tried to frame a law which will give some measure of protection to the average citizen and to his family agains't the loss of a job and against poverty-ridden old age."--Statement to press on Social Security bill. 1936. -- "The period of social pioneering is only at its beginning."--Address at Baltimore. 1937---"If we are to have a world in which we can breathe freely and live in amity without fear, the peace-loving nations must make a concerted effort to uphold laws and principles on which alone peace can rest sc._,,, ...... cure. . . . Without a declaration IS*;.,-- Vve can never insure ot war and without warning, civilians including women and children arc being ruthlessly murdered with bombs from the air." --Speech in Chicago at the time ot Japan's attack on China. 1938.--"The world has grown so small and weapons of attack so swift that no nation can be sate in its will to peace so long as any other single powerful nation refuses to settle its grievances at the council « table."-Statement at time Hitler w-as putting pressure on Czechoslovakia. 1939.--"Heads of great governments in this hour are literally responsible for the fate of humanity in the coming years. . . . I hope that your answer will make it possible for humanity to lose fear and regain security for many years to come."--Message to Hitler appealing for settlement ot European problems without resort to war. 1948--"The clear fact is that the American people must recast their thinking about national protection."--In message to congress calling for billion dollar emergency arms program following nazi blitz invasion of Holland, Belgium and France. 1911.-- "I ask that the congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, Dec. 7, a state of war has existed between the United Stales and the Japanese " empire." Harbor. One day after Pearl will this war end'.'" There is only one answer to that. It will end just as soon as we make it end by our combined efforts, our combined strength, our combined determination to fight through and work through until the end--the end of militarism in Germany and Italy and Japan. Most certainly we shall not settle for less. We are fighting today for security, for progress and for peace."--Message to congress. 1913.--"I have been told that this is no time to speak oC a better America after the war. . . . 1 dissent. If the security of the individual citiren or the family should become a subject of na- tional debate, the country knows ,,., ,.,. -- where I stand."--Message to con- 1942.--"Many people ask 'when I gross. i. , Duririg.lhe delay'of: uri _. the sfarl'bf Goering's address, radio listeners heard muffled shouts and explosion-like noises that could have been caused by the British bombers. Goering spoke in the air ministry building, which is in the center of Berlin's business district. A Tew minutes after the raiders evidently had passed. Goering; ' who once promised the German people that British bomben never would cross their frontiers, began his address. He said the- British air force would bo repaid "one day." In pledging final victory to the German people. Gocring said there would be a new nazi offensive in the spring, mid declared: "Oil the day we finally crush bolshevik resistance I will remember what the RAF has clone to Germany." * V * Alluding to the entrapped : German army before Stalingrad, he said that: "In ; thousand years to come every German' will still know that Germany, at Stalingrad, has set the final stamp to ultimate victory. .\ people which fijlits as the Germans arc fighting at Stalingrad can and must win."' During the long interval before the start of Goering's speech, the announcer kept saying at frequent intervals: "There _will be a few more minutes delay in . Marshal Goering's speech/' At least one loud "bang" was clearly audiblc-ta London radio listeners, who had received no previous hint that the RAF was raiding the capital. Reuters said thot Goering and his audience evidently were, driven to shelters by the bombing, thus forcing (lie delay in his speech. · . It was the second time since he was appointed chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg 10 years ago Saturday that Hitler himself had not addressed the German people on the anniversary. The streets were unadorned with Ilais. and it was a somber day in the nazi capital even before the bombs began to fall from the \vin- ter sky. * * ¥ The KAF chose its fastest light bomber for Saturday's spectacular foray, which penetrated 400 miles of enemy territory. The sleek, twiu-motorcd mosquito was pivcii its name because of its slim lines. Its skin is of plywood, which eliminates rivet heads and enhances its speed-reputedly close to -100 miles an hour. * * * ' Although no details of the raid were announced immediately, it was considered possible that tfie s w i f t ships had swept across Germany at tree-top level' to evade and confuse defending German fighter planes and anti-aircraft defenses. The Berlin radio did not leave the air at any time during the raid. In the great.night raids of Jan. '16 and 17 on .the German; capital i

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