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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME .KU1UOH C R . i i t a HEM t O F 1 0 f iJf "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N ; VOL, XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV SD PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, MAECH 25, 1937 SECTION ONE .NO. 146 Word From High Court Stewart Thinks Justices Have Aided Own Cause 8 CHRYSLER PLANTS EVACUATED 'By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , (CPA)--In the early days of stillpending supreme c o u r t fight I ventured the published opinion that the high tribunal is an u n p o p u 1 a r body with the press because its personell is so exceedingly upstage in. its attitude toward n e w s p a perm en; so ex- r a v a g a n t- ly .averse ' t o any expression of itself except in its formal judicial capacity. ; I also voiced my surprise Â· at i the volume of public interest (the ' great majority of it- anti-new deal) in President Roosevelt's Â· proposed increase in the august, tench's membership, up to a 15 maximum. Â·" ' A fellow jurnah'st of long experience, who asks not to be identified too closely, writes to me suggesting in the nicest way, that I ought to have known better. Vast Interest Shown. I agree that I underestimated the amount of interest evidently felt by the average .citizen in the supreme court's future. I should have thought that for most folk, the subject was overly technical to create a popular sensation, however much it might concern a -smallish group of the intelli- gensia. The . intelligensia proved to be much larger that I had imagined. I said so in my original comment. But I can't admit that I was wrong as to the mistake the high justices have made in their traditional policy of balking at publicizing them selves, in moderation Of course they never could have * been expected to indulge in ad- Â· vance discussions of cases pending or likely to come before them 't' Biit they:could not but have bene- \^.,Â£Â±ited : S'.themseives :; . ; by* Â·Â·answering Report Italians Withdrawn From Madrid Front ^k^firbpPpiiSipleots^ and'-HEe "Tiasebal ;S'':o'u'tldolÂ£"siichV chat would" hav Â· made them seem human. They are human. In denying it,\they do no - make themselves appear super dignified; they make themselve appear ridiculous. The other day Justice James C McReynolds proved it. Then Chief J u s t i c e Charle Evans Hughes entered the coiitro vorsy directly with a sweepih condemnation of President Roose velt's plan in a letter to Senate Burton K. Wheeler. Stewart Reviews Case. Let's go back a little. President Roosevelt recommended the supreme court's rejuvenation, or what will you. The public's reaction unmistakably was unfavorable. T h i s unfavorableness greatly worried representatives and senators, who overwhelmingly are pro- administration- and yet want to be . 'responsive to the obvious wishes of their constituencies. As time progressed the presidential plan gained ground. President Roosevelt is a wonder at winning converts with his evening broad- AERIAL SCOUTS FIND NO TRACE OF DIM $ MEN ritain and France Ready for Warship Blockade of Spain. VALENCIA, Spain, (/P)-- Span- sh government a e r i a l s c o u t s hursday reported a "sudden dis- ppearance" of all Italians from nsurgent divisions on. the Quada- ajara front, northeast of Madrid. Officials announced the aerial ibservers spotted insurgent rein- orcements of Spanish fascists, ollowing the recent insurgent re- reat on the Guadalajara salient. But there was no trace whatsoever of the Italian units which participated in the unsuccessful drive toward Madrid. It was not known where the Italians had withdrawn. The government -has contended at least 30,000 of them fought the losing jattle for the insurgents in the Guadalajara sector in the last few weeks.. . GUEAT BRITAIN BACKS 'HP FORCEFUL ACTION LONDON, (IP)-- Great Britain oacked up forceful action by France Thursday to halt any further landing of Italian soldiers in Spain, agreeing, if necessary to a warship blockade of the war torn peninsula. An accord ' by the two powers, through Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos of France and the British ambassador to France, Sir George Russell Clerk, was disclosed today. :- -/-They, -'.agreed,' - with. ; full ./ Imp w- ledgeÂ£of : \ a ther; ; Eurd p eaife^p ovi ers ' " - John Drinkwater, Famed as Poet, Dramatist, Dies "Abraham Lincoln" Author Succumbs in Sleep at Age of 54. within ': trie " norUiriter veritibri committee, on ..'"all points" of a program to make -non-intervention completely, effective and decided it was imperative to prevent, even by force, any further Italian landings. ; British sources pointed out that the agreement was interpreted to mean that Britain was . ready to discuss stringent measures presently. but had made no decision actually to Â· dispatch warships against any Italian incursions. LONDON, (IP) -- John Drinkwater, famed British novelist and dramatist, died Thursday at the age of 54. The distinguished poet, whose dramatizations of characters of British and American history were among his best known works, died suddenly of a heart attack while asleep at his London home. Apparently in normal health, he had attended the Oxford-Cambridge boat race Wednesday and later; went to the University club for an evening with friends. His widow, Daisy Kennedy, the Australian violinist, was injured March 11 when the automobile in which she and Drinkwater were driving to a party after her concert was in a collision. Just Completed Film. Drinkwater had just completed his own motion picture for the coronation of King George VI oE which he was both author and producer. The film dealt with "the king and his people" from the time of Queen Victoria to the present. A number of friends who saw a private showing of the film Tuesday described it as typically Drinkwater. In one scene of the picture fellow dramatist George Bernard Shaw appears wisecracking to his friend Drinkwater in Shavian fashion: . "I read all oE your works, why -don't you read mine?" "He was very happy all day yes- ,tcrday," : Mrs._ Drink-water said. . ' ^'Tlis 'last'-; words ''written : ln .an article t; o ri "the Â·": c pron atiojK-twer e JOHN DKINKWATER casts. Plan Put to Test. 'happy and. g l b r i p u s . ' " ^ . . " Plays Widely Known. Drinkwatcr's historical DEATH TOLL 20 IN BUS MISHAP Only Three Men Alive After One of Nation's Worst Highway Accidents. SALEM, 111., (/P)--Three men remained alive Thursday, survivors oE one of the nation's .worst motor, bus. a c c i d' e n't s. which claimedf : thevliyes; of;;20~niemtjers GRANGE LEADER AND LAW DEAN HIT COURT BILL Smith and Brenckman Both Favor Submission of Amendment. WASHINGTON, . ' tff) -- D e a n Young B. Smith of Columbia university law school asserted Thursday the Roosevelt court bill would "threaten the independence of the supreme court and might permanently impair the confidence of the people in that court." Smith was the first law school dean to appear before the senate judiciary committee in opposition to the measure. In his testimony, he conceded that the court in recent years had "res" 1 , into the constitution limitations upon the powers of government not required by its "language." He contended, however, that under President Roosevelt's inte r p r e l a t i o n "fundamental changes" could be made in the power of the federal government without a constitutional amendment. Proposes Amendment. The Columbia dean proposed as a substitute for the bill a constitutional amendment providing for compulsory retirement of judges at 70 or 75 years of age. Such an amendment, he said, "can be drafted with ease, can be stated in simple language, and can be acted upon promptly." plays IE his plan had been put to a test immediately following its enunciation, my guess is that it would have been sat on, on capital hill, without further ceremony. But .time went on. The administration g a i n e d strength. Legislators who, initially were on the fence, began to get down on the administration side of the barrier; .considerations of patronage influenced them. All this while the supreme court, chiefly affected, kept its poly-cameral mouth shut. To Disrnificfl to Talk. Too digniEied to say anything! At long last Justice James C. McReynolds spoke a few words the other day--a few words not only Eor but from the judiciary. And his speech, before a college fraternity, materially has boosted the supreme court's chances. Why? Because he has said something. Now Chief Justice Hughes also has said something. Thus the supreme court itself directly joins the debate--and seems human. 7 LOSE LIVES AS HOME BURNS Woman, Her Five Youngest] Children and Brother- in-Law Die. JERSEY CITY, N. J., (/PJ--Mrs Rose Burkhardt,- 54 year old widow, her five youngest children and a brother-in-law, burned to death early Thursday in a three alarm fire which razed a three story frame dwelling. The other dead: John Gorman, about 69. Philip 12, Charles, 15, Florence, 17, Theresa, 10, and Venonica. 9. Hose, 17, another daughter, was he only occupant of the building o escape. Awakened by smoke, he ran down the stairs and was carried to the street by a passerby. All available firemen and ap- aratus in the city were called to attle the fire. Police and firemen awakened members ot three fam- lies sleeping in an adjacent three story building and aided them in reaching the street. Firemen kept .he flames from spreading to this building and to a garage on the other side. of a .Ipfofes'siorial roller tv'oupe. skating Withhold Charges in Poison Pancake Murder in Illinois LEWISTOWN, III., OT--Sheriff Joseph Wheeler said he had withheld filing a charge against James Pace, 28, pending further investigation of the death of his brother, William, after partaking of poisoned pancakes last Sunday. An inquest was scheduled for Thursday night. Two other members of the Pace family were made ill by the breakfast food which the shenf said the prisoner asserted he mixed with the poison for his own consumption. were widely known in the United States, particularly "Abraham Lincoln," and "Robert E. Lee." Big boned and picturesque in appearance, Drinkwater was an insurance broker turned actor and son of a schoolmaster who turned actor. The young Drinkwater spent his youth touring the British provinces with his father's company. Born in Leytonstone, Essex, his early education was gained at Oxford high school where he was a classmate and boyhood friend oE the youth who later became famous as Lawrence of Arabia. jHe was fond dÂ£ athletics and the school broadjump record he set still stands. Lectured in U. S. He covered the United States in a lecture tour in 1925 and was impressed by life there which he described as "vivid, immensely varied, full of achieving energy and sparkling with a natural wit that can hardly be found among any of the older and perhaps more tired peoples." He was intensely popular in England which loved the idealism in his works and considered him typical of "the empire's finest." His London residence was once the home of Samuel Pepys, a character of whom he was very fond. With two others, they were hurled through open windows by explosions following the crash oE the privately owned vehicle into a bridge abutment near here Wednesday. Their clothing aflame, stood by helplessly as 18 t h e y others Wage Increase Ends Muscatine Sit Down MUSCATINF,, (IP)--Eighty-five women workers ended their sit down strike at the Muscatine overall factory by accepting a 10 per cent pay increase. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Fair Thursday niglit and Friday; continued cold Thursday nifrht; not so cold Friday. MINNESOTA: Fair Thursday night and Friday; continued cold Thursday night; not so cold in west and south portions Friday. ' IN MASON CITY GIobe-Gaxette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 3 o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum AVcflnesday 28 Above minimum in Night 8 Above At 8 A. M. Thursday 13 Above Snowfall .50 of an Inch Precipitation .04 of an Inch The March blizzard which got under way Wednesday morning had given way Thursday to clear skies and a bright sun. The temperature, however, accented by a stiff northwest wind, was far below normal for late March. Closed Bank lo Fay. WINTERSET, (IP)--A $115,000 payment to former depositors will be made April 1 by the defunct Madison County Savings bank, Receiver C. R. Rhodes announced. Get Ready For EASTER buined to death in the inferno of blazing wreckage. At the Salem community hospital, two of the survivors--Mrs. Emily Thomas, Chicago, wife of the driver, and Ted Mullen, Portland, Ore., announcer--died early Thursday. In Critical Condition. John L. "Schoolboy" Creekmore, Miami,-Fla.; Dick Thomas, Chicago, the driver, and Don Flannery, Kansas City, . Mo., were transferred to a St. Louis hospital (Barnes) Thursday. Creekmore's condition was critical. Four'bodies, one that of a 4 year old child, had , been tentatively identified Thursday. The remaining 14 were so badly burned that intimate friends and fellow workers found it impossible to identify them, Richard S. Kaplan, Gary, Ind., general counsel for the Transcontinental Roller Derby association. Inc., said. Bound for Cincinnati. The party was enroute from St. Louis to Cincinnati when the tragedy, one of the worst in the history of motorbus transportation, occurred on U. S. Highway No. 50 just two miles west ot the cityi The.bus was going down a grade when its right front -tire blew out. The heavy machine was hurled on its side across the highway and burst into flames when the gasoline lank exploded. " Flames leaped 4Q feet in the air, turning the bus into a funeral pyre for its trapped victims. State's Attorney Ward Hqlt said today he had /'conducted a partial investigation" of the accident "which clearly indicated its cause to be the blowout of the right front tire." Tut Off Inquest. Coroner S. B. Carrigan oE Marion county said an inquest will not be held for several days. "We hope that by time time some of the injured may be able to lesti- Before Smith' testified, Fred Brerickman, .Washington : . .representative -of the* National--Grange, told the-.committee the Â·Roosevelt bill constituted an attempt "to intimidate and coerce the supreme court." When Br.enckman concluded Senator Diet'erich (D-lll.) asked it he was "one of the constitutional experts" the opposition had promised to present. Shows Farm Views.. Senator Burke (D-Nebr.) replied that Brenckman did not House Hears Charge Motor Bill 'Riddled' Ponders Motion to Give Up Further Consideration of Senate Act. DES MOINES, (/PI--With a stinging denunciation of its own acts ringing in its ears, the Iowa house of representatives Thursday pondered a move which would terminate further consideration of a senate bill to regulate Iowa highways and motor vehicles. For three days the house has been engulfed in a bitter fight over the controversial measure from which it struck all provisions for increasing the 53 man highway motor patrol. A move to end further consideration came just before the midday recess when Representative Claus Randall (R) of Manly, declared the interest of the house should center its attention upon furthering the patrol system, and that the highway bill had been riddled." Denounced by Gallagher. This brought upon the chamber the ire of Representative J. P. Gallagher (D) of Williamsburg, who not only charged the members with "squandering the time and money of Iowa taxpayers" but also with "making yourselves ridiculous from coast to coast in the eyes of people to whom you have boasted of the high literacy of Iowa." Striking back at authors of a facetious amendment offered to the bill just before Randall movca to end debate Gallagher added:, "I'm heartily disgusted with the LOOK I N S I D E FOR- ROBERT D. BLUE Republicans Comment on Farm-Market Roads Veto PAGE 2 100 Cars Blocked as Result of Truck Crash PAGE 3 104,000,000 Pounds of Butter Sold in Decade . PAGE 17 Managers Cease End of Legal Arguments PAGE 15 .general, run of things here, and I say ; now :^vithput.fear, bt.contradicr tion;that 'nevertiave"P seen" more qualify as a constitutional expert but that he "speaks the thoughts of 800,000 farmer members of the National Grange." Burke said opposition was "laboring under some difficulty" in presenting witnesses because it fy," he added. Don Flannery of Kansas did not have the aid oE the attorney general's office or the democratic national committee. He announced, however, that the opposition would present Friday the first of its constitutional experts in the person of Dr. Irwin N. Griswold, professor of constitutional law at Harvard; Walter F.: Dodd, Chicago lawyer, and Miss Dorothy Thompson, newspaper columnist. Agrees 1 With Taller. Brenckman also proposed an amendment to the constitution if the administration felt something had to be done, saying: "Let the proposal to amend the constitution be submitted to the states. Let the people read and study il, so that they may know what it all means." Brenckman agreed with the position of Louis J. Taber, master oÂ£ the national grange, who testified Wednesday. The suggested enlargement ot the supreme court, Taber insisted during questioning, might set; a precedent which eventually could endanger rights guaranteed by the constitution.: [\TcGill Not Committed. Senator McGill (D-Kans.,) who has not committed himself on the bill, asked: "Suppose this present court should resign. Is it your view that the president would appoint and the senate confirm a court which would sustain as constitutional legislation depriving the people of religious liberties?" "That's unthinkable," Taber' replied in a voice that rang through the crowded chamber. sublimated assinihity as is .visible in this house." A recess prevented a vote on the Randall motion. Department Criticized. The move, however, also heaped upon the state motor vehicle department the criticism of Representative Earl C. ""'-hbaugh, Jr., (R) of Shenandoah, and Representative Ed R. Brown (R) of Des Moines, both of whom charged the department with laxity in failing to place the regulatory changes in the hands of the members prior to the convention of the cession. "This was dr^\v: weeks ago and we should ha e had time to study it. This is ai. attempt to ram legislation down our throats. We're not rubber stamps and all state departments should find that out," said Fishbaugh. Brown charged that the "senate swallowed it hook, line and sinker, and then sent it over to us to worry about. I have been warned there are jokers in the bill, and if there's any legal mind here who can 1 tell me wha', the 212 peje proposal seeks to do, he belongs in the brain trust, not here." AVarns Ag'-tnst Adoption. Rep. R. G. Moore (D) of Dun- ' lap, who has fat'uvcd the measure in the house, war^d against adoption of .Randall's motion, declaring it might preclude further highway safety legislation. Before the house became involved in the motion it had considered a move, later withdrawn, to require all cars to come to a complete halt 50 feel before reaching rail crossings. The senate adjourned until next Monday. Senators pointed out that the upper chamber was far ahead in point of bills enacted and added that the house several weeks ago look a spring vacation while the senate had had none. MAIN HIGHWAYS ARE ALL CLEAR Plows in Operation in All Directions Out of Here After Snowstorm. Practically all the main highways in North Iowa were cleared for traffic at an early hour Thursday following Wednesday's snow- 'SIT DOWNERS" APPROVETRUCE N AUTO STRIKE ixit Signal for Resumption of Chrysler and Lewis Conferences. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A new victory lav peaceful negotiations stirred hopes for fur- lier inroads Thursday on the nation's wave ol industrial disputes. Six thousand sit downers quit the eight Chrysler motor plants they had held in Detroit since March 8, after approving an agreement looking toward ending .heir differences with the firm. The exit of the strikers was 'a signal for resumption of conferences between Walter P. Chrysler, head of the firm, and the committee for industrial organization's chief, John L. Lewis. They will thresh out the union demand Xor exclusive bargaining rights. Gov. Frank Murphy, who summoned the two to confer at Lansing, -Mich., said labor troubles were approaching their end "without bloodshed or loss of life." Begin to Leave riant. The "sit downers" in the Chrysler Kercheval avenue plant, the ast to vote on the peaceful evac- alion agreement, gave their ap- iroval about 11:40 a. in. C. S. T., nd in a tew minutes began to cave the factory. Word oC the Kercheval vote was elephoned to the big Dodge plant and 5,000 strikers there marched dl once from the plant. A suggestion that sit down strikes be treated as violation oÂ£ "ederal anti-trust laws came from Itepresentative Dies (D-Texas) as new labor troubles broke out in several, cities. . A t Memphis, Tenn., clothing was rippea from workers who attempted, to pass a picket line of the L a d i e s International Garment Workers union, a C. I. O. ally. Pickets established beats about 19 Lcwistoh and'Auburn Shoe factories in Maine's first strike involving storm. Highway commission p l o w s Ihe C. I. O. While he waited for word of the clearing of the eight plants, Governor Murphy in a statement declared references to "revolution" in Michigan because of labor difficulties were "utter nonsense." In "Better Shape." In Detroit, union officials said the plants were than when the 'in better shape strike started." City wept Thursday as he described the plight oC his helpless companions. He crawled through one of the windows but was seriously burned in a.heroic attempt to rescue Miss Ruth Hill, his fiancee. '.'She called to me twice," he sobbed. "I finally found her. I tried to pull her out, but she was pinned and I'couldn't move her." A "deathly quiet except for the crackling of flames"-greeted John Frankboner, first to arrive at the scene of the disaster. Frankboner said he heard the explosions at Us home 200 yards away. "I found one man dead, lying just off the edge of the highway," he said. "Ten feet away I found the body of a child. Both of its arms and legs were burned off. He added, however, precedent established that "Ihe could be used in the future by a reactionary president or a congress moved by passion.and prejudice to do something evil." Praises NRA Invalidation. Brenckman's statement commended the supreme court for its invalidation of the national recovery act. He said the blue eagle had thwarted the purpose ot the agricultural adjustment act to give farmers "price parity." The pending bill, he said, should be divided to separate the supreme court question from that of expediting justice in the lower courts. He supported the latter objective. "But in all fairness," he said, "the supreme court has no right to change the constitution through strained or-unwarranted interpre- tation. That is what some people are demanding of it." Declaring the constitution had proved adequate for every emergency, Brenckman called that document the only bulwark "between us and that dread doctrine of tyranny and dictatorship, that man is the creature of the state." Hear Bill Debated. Two New York audiences heard arguments for and against the court bill Wednesday night. Assistant Attorney General Robert Jackson, supporting the measure, told the economic club: "The courts have lately been closing the ways to political compromise - of basic problems arising out of the depression and out of troubled industrial relations. "The president is seeking, in his policy and in his court proposals, to open the highway to economic were in operation in all directions out of Mason City, with most attention concentrated in the north tier of Iowa counties, where a five inch fall of snow was drifted badly in places. Occasional stretches of highway were blocked Thursday forenoon but by afternoon the entire system in this district was cleared, according to F. K. Preston, assistant district engineers. Sections Blocked. Sections blocked early Thursday were No. 312 into Mclntire from No. 9, No. 337 from No. 9 to Graf ton, No. 9 from Manly west to tin Winnebago county line, where ; truck plow broke down, Lake Mills to the state line on No. 09, and No. 322 from No. 9 to Hake. The temperature in Mason City was 12 above at 8 a. m., Thursday after a low during the night of 8 above. Cresco reported that Thursday the temperature near zero but rls- morning was still and clear with ing. The strong wind Wednesday blew in a plate glass window in a Cresco store. Trains were late and highways partly blocked. "Not So Cohl." At Garner, Wednesday's blizzard became .worse toward night but Thursday roads were open. "Not so cold" was forecast for Friday. Skies throughout the state, except at Keokuk, were clear. Minimum temperatures forecast for Thursday night: Northwest Iowa, 5 above; northeast, zero southern half, 10 above. and social peace." Senator Burke (D.-Nebr.) de- Seek Settlement in Des Moines Strike DES MOINES, (/!)--Negotiations toward reaching a scttlemen in the Meredith Publishing company plant were under way here Thursday after the first session Wednesday night broke up without any definite accord. bated the issue with him, declaring the president's bill was "the most flagrant example in American history of an attempt to strip the people of the right to say what powers they want to vest in their congress and their president." 12 Airmen Severely Burned in Plane Fir T A T E Y A M A, Japan, (#)-Twelve airmen were severe! burned Thursday when a plane a the Tateyama naval aircorps bas burst into flames and was de stroyed. They said the men had paid extra attention during the strike to keeping the plants clean and the machinery protected. Homer Martin, president of Ilia United Automobile Workers, nnd other union officials made the lour of the plants to take the vote on evacuation after the agreement for the truce had been reached between Lewis and Chrysler officials in conference at Lansing. Three hours were required to obtain a favorable vote in the vast Dodge plant. Emerging, Martin said there were 5,000 strikers in the plant and that "only 20" had cast dissenting votes. Previous estimates of the number ot strikers i the Dodge factory had not ex- eedcd 3,000. Vote to Slay In. From other sources came the in- irmation that 35 per cent of the Jodge strikers had voted to con- nue their occupation of the plant nlil the strike issues were set,ed. The Highland Park and Ply- nouth strikers voted unanimously o accept the truce. Martin said. The union officials said that out- idc picket lines would be estab- shcd when .the men . leave tha lants, to enforce the provision liat there shall be no operation at he plants nor any removal of dies r other equipment. Payroll clerks, however, will be permitted to enter the ndmini.str.i- ion building at the Highland Park plant. That will facilitate the dis- ribution of a Â§2,000,000 payroll 'or work done before the strike jegan on March 8. Â· Opposed to Evacuation. There were well authenticated _ reports that a strong faction in the Dodge plant opposed the evacuation, asking many questions oC the union officials and shouting we want a closed shop." Martin, however, told them: "We have no fear ot coming out, for neither the Chrysler corporation, nor any other corporation can break one of our strikes." His argument prevailed. The agreement provided also that the firm would remove no dies, tools or equipment from the plants during the negotiations and that executives, office employes and other non-production workers would have "free and uninterrupted access" to the plants and offices. Callcil March 8. Besides Chrysler, Lewis and Martin, the conferees included K, SSf^JSKiOT'ift'G'^S'''''^^-^-" 3 *-"" 1 " ' j f ;-K ..i^rSgSS'^.i^iiYfe 3^%EÂ£^i ! S^2aSSKSBi!SZSSfiS35 ' " ' Â» onrysier - a emand ?' and'"an'