The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 29, 1943 · Page 5
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January 29, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 5

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, January 29, 1943
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FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 1943 FOUR YEAR TERM BEING ASKED FOR COUNTY OFFICES Income Tax, Airport Development, Other Petitions Presented DES MOINES, (/P)-- County officers from 18 Iowa counties have petitioned the 50th general assembly to increase their term o£ office to four years. Many of these same officials nave petitioned also f o r legislation which would increase their pay, The other subjects on which petitions have been presented to the legislature since it convened Jan. 11 are aid to dependent children and repeal of the state income tax, airport development and a levy for soldiers" relief. * * * Both the house and senate have received petitions for longer terms of office from county officials in Crawford, Dickinson, Henry, Marshall, Pottawattamie, Mills, Washington, Jones, Buchanan, Benton and Scott counties. The house also has received a petition from Lyon county and the senate has received petitions from Fremont, Linn, Carroll, Cedar, Lucas and Iowa counties for this legislation. Petitions for increased pay for county officials have come from J a c k s o n , Jefferson, Buchanan. Audubon, Taylor, Kossuth,- Franklin, Montgomery, Mills. Poweshiek Fremont, Boone, Hamilton and Monroe counties. *· * * Bills lengthening the terms of county officials were scheduled to have been considered Monday in the senate, but action was deferred a few days to permit some errors in the bills to be ironed out The Oskaloosa Chamber of Commerce, a group of Ruthveti residents and the Storm Lake Chamber of Commerce have petitioned the legislature to repeal the state income tax. * * * Groups which have petitioned for legislation providing aid to dependent children include the Dubuque post No. 6 o£ the American Legion the Dubuque Women's club, the Parent-Teachers association of the cathedral school of Dubuque, the Nativity home school association, the Marshall P T A and the auxiliary to post 508 of" the Veterans of Foreign Wars, all of Subuque the P. T. A. council Irom the Lincoln school of Newton, the central council P T a the St. Paul's P. T. A., both "of The Mason City city council has sent m a petition favoring the development of airports in the state and the Hancock county soldiers- relief commission has petitioned for an increased levy for soldiers' REPORT 1,000 HELD IN HUNGARY Nazis Offer $2,200,000 for Zarvas' Capture LONDON, (U.PJ_Radio Morocco nnn d ^ hUrSday that OTOre ««£T 000 Hunganan officers had been arrested in Budapest for havin" Sy E f id that Hungary had nothing to win the war * ¥ Jg. Among them was General Prf- garachy, former commander on the Hungarian army on the Voronezh front, In Russia, Radio Morocco said, quoting Hun- eanan sources in Istanbul * * * A dispatch from Ankara said 1 i n f o r m e d quarters had learned that Bulgarian authorities had arrested the Rumanian consul in Sofia for smuggling arms and being generally engaged in enriching himself from the anti- Bulgarian government movement. ine axis was reported vyith- ^TMS forces from Jugoslavia and Czechoslovakia in a frantic effort to save itself in Russia. This only worsened the axis situation T^njf , Ba! . k : ans ' dispatches from Istanbul said, and Milan Neditch the Croat puppet premier, had d t c h feared MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE Handicapped Workers Aid the War Effort I^BEI^HIHI^^^^B^^B _ _ a urcs in hnmp iVmif rlaiv»,on T,, ,,.,,-- i..i-- ,.i i AP Features A S America's production swings into high gear, attention is being paid for the first time to work that can be done by the physically handicapped--the deaf, the blind, the crippled--to' increase output of equipment for the fighting forces and serve in home front defense. To ease labor shortages, manufacturing plants throughout the country are employing increasing numbers of the handicapped and in many cases finding their work spectacularly- successful. These photos show some ways tliev arc doing their part. HANDLESS-R. J. Skinner is a specialist in safety equipment for the Lockheed Aircraft corporation. He handles things like pens, telephones and cigarets with ease. BLIND--Jim Burns tests accuracy of parts for bomb fuses. His sensitive hands are ideal for the job. ""YOUR u. s. INCOME TAX-Reductions in Values NO. 23 Among the deductions allowed in arriving at net income for federal income tax purposes is depreciation. Depreciation may be sustained in connection with property giving rise to rental income shown in item 6 of return form 1040 or property used in business or profession, the net profit (or loss) from which is shown in item 9. The property must, of course, be owned by the taxpayer. As relates to federal income taxes, depreciation is an allowance for exhaustion, wear and tear of property used in a trade or business or of property held for the production of income. The purpose underlying allowances for depreciation is to permit the taxpayer to recover over the useful life of the property the capital sum invested therein. The terms ·used in trade or business" or held for the production of income" would include property held for such purposes though actually not in use during the taxable year. Depreciation deductions are not allowable on property used for- personal purposes, such as one's residence or its furnishings or automobile or pleasure craft. However, i£ a taxpayer moves out of his house and rents it, it xvould become a rental property upon which a depreciation deduction would be allowable- or if a taxpayer used his car in part for business purposes, then a portion of the depreciation on the car, depending upon the relative use for business purposes, would be allowable. * * * A distinction must be made between depreciation and what may be called fluctuation in value. In the case of an automobile, it is commonly said that once a car has been driven from a dealer's show room it become a secondhand car and by that fact may lose a considerable amount of its value. However, only that part of the loss in value which is due to actual exhaustion, wear and tear in business use during the year may be deducted as depreciation. A further requirement in determining depreciation is that the property must have a limited and determinable useful life in the trade or business. Land, for instance, upon wliich a building'is erected is not depreciable since it has no determinable life and in setting up depreciation on real estate a segregation must be made between the cost or other basis for the land and the cost or other basis for the buildings. * * * The length of useful life of a property is often a difficult matter of estimation. The useful life of a building or a machine, tho furniture used in physician's office D E A F M U T E -- Helen Evans rivets parts for bombers at Goodyear Aircraft corporation. EDITOR'S NOTE: Following is the first of two articles on prospective postwar airline and air industry development in latin America ,,, winch the United States appears desS to play au important role. The articles compare the great impetus e i v c i a v i a loTs They oSSn^h'f th"' 18 With 1IlC br ° ad ^«»^ made sh,^ the nreint ,vll the expansion of aviation facilities after ine present war may mean for commercial and cultural relations «I h C thM. h - C """ftf"", ««« the 20 "Good Neighb" Kcpumcs" nith their incalculable undeveloped resources. By LAWRENCE S. HAAS United Press latin American Editor United States participation in airways development of the Latin-American countries on a scale that U. S. airline officials have described as "beggaring description," is an early postwar move. . When this country's aircraft industry will have finished its job ot building annually scores of thousands of bombers and fighter planes to blast and shoot the axis into impotence '*·- resources will be ready* ' application to peacetime come truly an "air freight" serv- E. Instead of the present daily its for Hundreds of thousands of skilled .Liuiiiueus ui uiousanas ot skilled insuuuu 01 me present daily workers will be available to de- schedule between Argentina and vote their labor to the manufacture of huge, speedy passenger and freight airliners. Many of the craft will be especially designed for an inter-American air trade that, in the normal decade before the present war, had already progressed with amazing swiftness and efficiency. * * * According to leaders in the airlines field, all that has been done up to now may be regarded merely as pioneering for a traffi-^ system that is contemplated. The shape of inter-American airways to come is still in the blueprint stage, but researchers and planners are reported to have gone ahead with their work, preparing things for the western hemisphere to take to the air in a major sense once hostilities end. Before 1914 aviation was in its swaddling clothes. It took a four- year war to demonstrate the possibilities of the airplanes. In 1909, five years before the war, Louis Bleriot astounded the world by flying a heavier-than-atr machine 24 miles across the English channel. In 1919, a decade later, a U. S. naval plane flew across the Atlantic to the Azores and two Englishmen flew the Atlantic from east to west. After another 10 years . had passed, transatlantic flights began to be commonplace. * * * Overseas flying by commercial transport lines was undertaken on a large scale by Pan-American and Pan-American Grace Airways in the 1530s, after they had established t h e i r inter- American routes. Today commercial planes girdle the globe with monotonous regularity. The development of worldwide airways has been clouded during the past two years because of the war. as the large international airlines sre in government service or subject, to certain government control on many of their * * * A great* patriot leader, Gen. Napoleon Zarvas, was rising In Greece. A dispatch from Istan- ' nally never ., the reward the Ger- offertn lf 'or hU head, drachmas (nomi- S2,a«M»0. They had before . offered such a reward for a patriot. * * * Zarvas was a colonel, until the Greek- government in exile raised him .o a general. He blew up the Gogpocomos bridge, breaking the on iY rosd to southern Greece The Germans specified that "the claimant to the reward rnav re! ceive _ part of It in food," indicating the extent to which they have starved the Greeks and the adv an ! age they were willing to take of tncir miserable plight. · 1 JTM ltc j» lm » Castle, in Arizona is the best example of a cliff dwelling in the face of a cliff itself, and not at the top 1 of the -~...~.... 0 in.ij. i i a v t ; U UAtUUt fe of 50 years and a frame house 7° ?"^ ars - a piece o£ machinery 5 10 10 years but in particular instances the useful life may vary considerably. In depreciation deductions, the amount claimed must be supported by the data called for in schedule u°\, , c retu *n form 1040. This schedule requires a statement of the kind of property being depreciated, the date acquired, the cost or oiher basis used in computing depreciation; the depreciated,value at the end of the year, the depreciation allowed or allowable in prior years and the remaining cost or other basis to be recovered as well as the estimated life used in accumulating depreciation and the estimated remaining life at the be ginning of the year. In the Constitutional convention the framers of the Constitution made speeches upon the sub ject as follows: Roger Sherman spoke 138 times: James Wilson 168; Madison, 161; Gouverneur Morris, 173 " the routes successful over seas routes. But once the war ends. ,, dramatic tale surely will be un- blazing of air ,,.,, ,,_,, and -continents by ferry command groups and other militarily- controlled organizations, mostly- manned and directed by men whose normal vocation is that of keeping commercial airlines flying. the United States, for example, the postwar future may well see several of the new, huge passenger liners, fJying each way every clay o£ the week. * * * Passenger miles flown by Pan- American and Pan - American Grace Airways and their subsidiaries and affiliates in the calendar year of 1041 reached 1C7 240 000, and rose to 198,410,000 in the first nine months of 1942, despite wartime restrictions on material. Air transport men visualize after the war an extremely sharp reduction in passenger fares and a freight rate schedule that would make it practical for shippers regularly to forward many products by air that in pre-war times were carried only by water. It was emphasized that postwar operations in this territory are not likely to compete with steamship freight trade. Airline men said no attempt would be made to fiy heavy raw materials and foodstuffs such as rubber, coffee minerals, nitrate, hide, wool, linseed and other products that represent pur- the bulk of United States chases from Latin America * * * But many manufactured products may be carried southward, and, as Latin American industry progresses, a , large variety of South and Central American fabricated goods may be borne northward by air. Furthermore, no effort to compete with the numerous Latin American airlines is contemplated. United States air transportation companies would operate trunk routes much as they are doing today, but with larger planes and on more frequent schedules. Expansion by the United States of air service between the Americas would have the effect of promoting the collateral development of national lines in the various countries on a scale geared as feeders to the trunk lines, which in turn would feed passengers express and freight to tiie national systems. The national lines would form an important and vita] part of- the genera! inter- American airways networks. Legislature Plan Widescale Expansion of the Hemisphere Airways « eeks Definition of - " " BLIND --Julius Cota, Jr., plane spotter near Santa Barbara, Cal., distinguishes craft by their motor sounds. MIDGET--Johnnie Pizzo, four feet tall, is a janitor at Douglas Aircraft. He gets where taller men cannot reach, also bucks rivets in tough spots as showu here. 'for the Duration' DES MOINES, (.!?)--The house moved Thursday to obtain a definition of the term "for the duration" when it is applied to the war. On motion of Representative Dewey S. Butterfield (R., Waterloo), the speaker was instructed to appoint a committee of three At the end of this war a multitude of well-trained pilots, navigators, radio specialists, maintenance mechanics, meteorologists, airfield operations executives and countless others now in military and naval service, will be available for commercial transportation. Thousands of them undoubtedly will be employed in inter- American airways services. Airline officials with international flying background say that the stratosphere passenger craft o£ tomorrow, carrying travelers between Buenos" Aires or Santiago. Chile, and Miami. Fla., and Brownsville, Tex., will take 100 or perhaps "hundreds" of! Ws'S? c\VesfsfTMice iP aTMng j cussed telKSPg ^"worfd the American republics will be-I strategy of the united nations? Decisions of F. R. and Churchill Shoved Over Backgammon Board MA£TM EI ? HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, (.^-Decisions which will guide united nations' strategy in this critical year of the war apparently were shaped largely over a backgammon board. During their 10 days in Casablanca, Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt did much of their work at night and usually did not retire until 2 or 3 a m long after most of the members of their party. At these night sessions the president and the prime minKtpr nfl- TM wh le S" to work out a definition of the term for use by the legislature Butterfield told the house that numerous measures on file were designed to be in effect for the duration and said he thought that for the purposes oE clarification there should be a specific interpretation ol whether the term meant six months of a year after the cessation of hostilities, the signing o£ the armistice, or the signing of the final peace treaty. The term is commonly used in referring to the time the nation is at war, but there has been no specific designation as to what ex- act event would mean termination of the period. OXE OUT OF 23 MATAWAN, N. J., OJ.R)--John E. Bennett was "dismissed as principal o£ Malawan township high school after he had been found guilty ol 33 charges by the board of education. The 13th charge accused him of being "petty, vindictive, nag ging, inconsiderate, impolite, un sympathetic, suppressing initia live, visiting reprisals on t hose who dared to differ with, him on school matters." NEW CODE FOR SCHOOLS URGED Doctor Packer Points Out Need for Revision DES MOINES, (fP)~Adoption of a new school code for Iowa as prepared by a special school code commission was urged Thursday by Doctor Paul C. Packer in a farewell statement as president of the Iowa State Teachers association. Doctor Packer, dean of the college of education at the University of Iowa, has accepted a commission as a major in the army's service of supply. * * * Terming school legislation ot the last 25 years a "patchwork program," Doctor Packer pointed out the last legislature set up the code commission to study the laws' affecting public education and to prepare a code for the consideration of the present legislature. "An examination of the provisions of this code," the educator said, "will reveal that its proposals, if adopted, will contribute much to the improvement of the education of tho children of the state. # ¥ ¥ "Naturally it would be impossible for.anyone to prepare a code that would gain the universal approval of all interested parties in the state. To some the proposals will seem to r«s too far, to others not far enough. In spile of these differences of opinion, there can be agreement upon this one fact--the new code in a. significant step in the direction of providing better schooling in the state as a whole. "Taking Into account the history of our piecemeal school legislation, it seems amply, clear that it is high time that organized education and other interested parties, both anli and pro, join forces in a sincere effort to achieve as many ot the proposals as possible." Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. NOTICE To Subscribers Who Get Their Globe-Gazette by Carrier Many of our newspaper carrier boys have reported that they ore having difficulty in making collections, sometimes having to make several calls before receiving their money. This is especially true of homes where both husband and wife are employed and neither is at home when the carrier boy calls, although many other subscribers toil to make their payments promptly. In order to understand why failure to pay promptly every week works an injustice on your carrier boy, it is necessary to know how he operates. He is a merchant in his own right, and the Mason City Globe-Gazette is the merchandise he sells. He buys his papers from us and sells them to you at a profit. This profit is his only payment for his services in delivering the paper to your home each day. He pays for his papers each week, after making his collections. When he is unable to collect from his subscribers, he is thereby forced to pay for his papers out of his own capital. Thus when you fail to pay him promptly, he has to become your "banker" and furnish the money to pay for the papers you have received. This is often a hardship, for although your individual bill may be a trifling, if it is multiplied many times through failure to collect from other subscribers as well, it may become impossible for the young merchant to finance his newspaper route. Your kindness in having the money ready for the newspaper boy on his collection day will save him many steps by making call-backs unnecessary, and it will enable him to meet the expense of his business. If you are unable to be home on collection days, it may be possible for you to set a definite hour when your carrier boy may call for his money. If so, won't you please advise him the next time you see him? Your consideration will be much appreciated, and your carrier boy will be able to serve you better. Regular collections are made by the newspaper boys on Friday night and Saturday morning. The Mason City Globe-Gazette

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