The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 1, 1945 · Page 1
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February 1, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, February 1, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NCWSTAKR. THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NilGHtORS" HOME EDITION iirrmi 1 V Con) MASON CITY, IOWA. THURSDAY. FEBKUAKY 1. IMS Thl« Fper Comb 39 MILES FROM BERLIN Yanks Plunge 4 Miles NEAR SILENT SIEGFRIED ON Growing: Indications of Nazi Withdrawal Farther Into Reich Paris,-U,R)--American 1st army headquarters Thursday reported signs- that : the Germans were withdrawing from some sections of the Siegfried line, against which: United_States divisions were closing on a 40-mile attack front ;in Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg. : Units of .the 1st and 82nd airborne divisions entered the Siegfried pillboxes east of the Mal- rnedy area of the frontier, -and found them empty-and surrounded by unmarked' snow -- evidence that they had been abandoned for some days-at least. ! · - . ' ' · " · (A high i military source in Washington interpreted lack o f , German: resistance on the ,XJ. S. 1st army front as a "suggestion" that the^Gehnans had decided to abandon a large, section ot the Siegfried line.) ; .. ; Overnight advances generally reached 4 miles deeper into Germany. Village after village fell; Patrols entered (he. fringes of the Siegfried line:·' in the Monschau sector, where;»- whole 3-mlle section was^captnred earlier to 'the ·;we*kv' " " " ' " """" " sembourg, above the U. S. 7th army front, were jammed. The Colmar pocket was steadily being reduced from north and south. Colmar itself (46,000). was outflanked and American and French troops were close to the Colmar-Breisach road leading to the only permanent Rhine bridge standing in the Strasbourg sector. Street lighting progressed in Cer- n»y; Wittelshelm felt Gambsheim and Bettenhofen, north of Strasbourg, were captured and the allies moved to within 2 miles of the river. It was certain that the thinout had weakened Field Marshal von Rundstedt's whole position west of the Rhine so that he could 'not hold what he ha'd bitten off in recent attempts to keep the initiative. Now it is a question whether the Germans, indeed, will be able to save anything w e s t of the Rhine in the sectors of the main allied, attack, it was said at supreme headquarters. At Field Marshal Montgomery's the north, a the 21st army headquarters in spokesman .'for group said the battle has developed into a, general attack all along the western front toward the Siegfried line. He expressed doubt, however, that the'Ger- :mans .would yield, the fortifications without a" hard fight. A 35 mile section of the line has been captured by American amis alonj the Roer river north of the Monschau area. · - · · - . . . i Seven 1st army divisions smote the west ;w'aU from --positions mostly inside Germany. Four or more 3rd army divisions were on the attack in a 1 mile Our river bridgehead southeast of St. Vith and along--the' German-Luxembourg border; ;,.:'..,- ,-. : .,.Vj;--jj_ ; A eonsiderabte change to milder temperatures :aind: steadily-falling j: .An eeI^e;s^ence^co,verel*t^ie;SiB .V nazigiins in-the lines,-but'Ameri- can' . artillery of i'bpth ithe Jst; ind e ' fortifi cations': nloiig:'._ _ _ . _ _ _ ,, _ r _ tor opposite Belgium. ; and Luxembourg: :The ^heaviest, enemy, resistance, was limited.-strictly to small arms and accurate'mortar screening.' Troops 'frankly were amazed at the .complete lack of artillery and,';;.in most cases, the enemy's, reluctance -fb stand" and fight,. r The first army alone captured 1,332 prisoners in the 24 hours to midnight, its largest · haul since Jan. 3. That was. a commentary on German moral t.' "The absence of strong German reaction' suggested the possibility that- the Germans have - jerked everything farther back," A. P. Correspondent E.D. Ball reported from the first army sector. The German cross-Rhine holdings, north and. south of Strasbourg also began to collapse, reflecting a weakening of the enemy along the whole western front. Allied planes spotted heavy German rail movements eastward from Karlsruhe and Mannheim and 'through Heilbronn, indicating a further thinning of German defenses. Roads north- of Force Delay n Voting on Wallace " . · - ' . . BULLETIN . . Washington, (JP)--P r e s i d e n t toosevelt was'reported in authoritative senate quarters Thursday have notified Senator. Barkley D.-Ky.) that he will sign legisla- ion to divorce lending agencies rom the commerce department. By JACK BELL Washington, (;p)_The admin- itration defeated all-out foes of lenry Wallace Thursday by forc- ng a 'delay in senate consideration f his cabinet nomination. Through the delay, which may xtend into weeks, Wallace back- rs hoped to win ultimate con- irmation of the former vice pres- dent by stripping the. commerce department of its huge lending gencles. . ' ' . - . . Beating down on a 43 to 41 vote an attempt by Senator Bailey (p., N. ?ar) to force immediate considera- ion of the appointment, the senate leadership obtained right, of vay' for the George, Bill., This .is he measure designed to set up the IFC and other leading agencies as a separate administration. The vote on the Bailey motion at first was a 42 to 42 tie, but Senator Taft (R., Ohio) changed i:s vote ro. "no" in a futile at;empt to force reconsideration in the. hope the Wallace foes could summon additional senators. A tie vote defeats a motion -such as double lanes of rushing "rivulets b Slfc'---!.-.i_..V;// -.Vv ''.'·:-·''.. v^-s-.-iii/i-'- j^TpU^PV^e-" weather?.h»ndi Traps ^whichXiiinpeded' 'transport anc checked the use of- a r m ox,, th Bounded '82nd. airborne division advanced su'mile -beyond theGer mail border through the Gerol stein'oforest- 12.miles northeast o St Vitii. : The 2nd (Indian Head) division advanced? a mile beyond Roche rath in the Mpnschau forest an its patrols at points were in con tact with the" 1st formidable bel of Siegfried line fortifications The fighting 1st division pushei 2 miles ahead without challenge ii sight of the fortifications. POSTPONE MEETING Chicago, (U.R)--The annual Apr: meeting of the American Societ of Newspaper Editors has bee postponed indefinitely in conform ity with a-federal request for can cellation of^conventions, John S Knight, president of the societ and publisher of the Chicag Daily News, said Thursday. Buy your War B o n d s an Stamps from your Globe-Gazette Wis- carrier boy. ·V \1 YANKS RESCUE 513 PRISONERS FROM JAPANESE Rangers; Filipinos Face Enemy Guns to Raid Prison Camps General MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 31 -- (Delayed)--(/P)--Men of-Bataan, Corregidor and Singapore -- 513 o£ them--were snatched from under the Ilaming muzzles of Japanese guns last night in an exploit of unmatched daring. Some 4DO picked men of the .6th Ranger battalion and Filipino guerrillas made a commando raid 25 miles behind Japanese lines to empty a prison camp and partially fulfill one of the Philippines objectives closest to Gen. Douglai Bailey made. MacArthur's heart. , They took Japanese guards by surprise and rescued 486 Americans, 23 -British, 3 Netherlanders and one Norwegian -- all that were left in the prison camp in Nueva Ecija province of eastern Luzon. Many more hundreds of more able-bodied war prisoners hac been sent to work camps-in Japan. Hundreds of others had died. All but 2 of the men were brought out alive by the 121 men of the 6th Ranger battalion who stormed into the prison .stockade under command of Lt. Col. Henry Mucci of Bridgeport, Conn. Their enfeebled hearts flickered ou when they were in sight of American lines. The Rangers attacked with such merciless precision that not one of the Japanese stockade guards was left alive or able to resist And they attacked with- such care that not one of the prisoners was scratched. · '~ WitSUn a matter :' of '. minutes al " had b«ehj released and "\yere oh their 25- mile, journey to i ' " 1 ' - ' . - ; - , v ~ : . · · · . Wallace supporters have eon- ceded that unless this measure becomes law or, President Roosevelt fakes the leading agencies oat of the commerce department, Wallace cannot be confirmed for the cabinet post. After the close vote on the Bailey motion, the Barkley. motion was carried 83 to 2. Seriate Democratic Leader Albert W. Barkley of Kentucky, leaving a hospital where he has been treated for. an eye injection, to step into the bitter controversy, was expected to ask that the senate consider the George bill first. Bailey then could offer a privileged motion for the senate to go into executive session and consider the nomination. If the Bailey motion carried, Wallace's backers thed could only attempt to recommit the nomination to committee pending action on the George bill. In any event, approval of the Bailey motion was expected to lead to lengthy debate. Signs of increasing optimism were displayed by senate pro- WaUace forces while the opposition reflected increasing pessimism. Republican Whip Kenneth S. Wherry of Nebraska, an opponent of the nomination, expressed belief that the anti-Wallace movement was losing ground. Bailey filed reports late Wednesday, reciting the committee's 14 to 5 vote against recommending approval of the nomination and its approval of . .the George bill. In its report on the George bill, the committee expressed alarm over the authority given the secretary of commerce with the reconstruction tion. finance corpora- It said the consequences of the political control which could be exercised by the secretary of commerce couid not be measured and that he could use the RFC powers to determine the social, economic and political character ol the country. RED ARMY THREATENS BERLIN--Arrows indicate red army drives reported from the eastern front (heavy line). German reports placed the Russian spearhead in Kuatrin on the Oder river only 39 miles from Berlin. Mason City Records Lowest Temperature in State Wednesday Des ftloines, (/P)--S u b-z e r o w e a t h e r continued throughout Iowa Wednesday night, but the weather bureau forecast higher temperatures and light snow or rain for the state Thursday night and Friday. The lowest reading reported to the weather bureau was 16 below at Mason City. Other below-zero reports included: Centerville and Charles City 14, Fort Dodge and Ames 12, Burlington 9, Atlantic 8, Iowa City 7, Ottumwa 6, Spencer, Cedar Rapids and Davenport 5, Lamoni 3 and Des Moines 2. The highest reading Wednesday was 21 above at Council Bluffs. walking;': "tarried 1 ' pri ; backs^-'-o husky 5 Hangers "or riding in cara bao carts. ·':. ' . ·· - , ' ,. 'Nearly 100 were so weak from malnutrition, disease and i yea old wounds that they could no walk when they were cut loos from Japanese bondage. The rescue cost the lives of 2 Rangers and Filipinos in a guer rilla unit led by Maj; Robert Lap ham of Davenport, Iowa, wh fought off a savage tank-led Japa nese attack along the escape cor ridor. The raiders killed 523 Japanes --more than one-for every prison er released--and knocked out 1 enemy tanks. This first mass liberation of al lied prisoners of war in the west em Pacific was accomplished b an all-night forced march east o the American lines to Cabu. The commando force, made u of the 121 rangers and 286 Fili pinos in the guerrila unit le: American lines under protectio of air cover and reached th prison camp without detection. Their swift, fierce attack caugh the guards completely by surprise The Japanese .struck back vio lently and persistently as tl: rescue column -headed back_ to ward the sixth ranger camp an freedom for the valient men wh had been atlthe mercy of Japa nese guards-for nearly three year The.; heavy;-' disproportions! Japanese Josses were inflicted i battering down these tank-led a tacksl#' \ . The, commando raid, ordered on short notice when intelligence reports disclosed the whereabouts of "the camp, was such a. success that General MacArthur decorated every man in the force. The lean "and rugged captives received the homage of thousands of American soldiete now fighting to redeem the islands for which the veterans fought so valiantly and hopelessly. The youthful GI's "formed an impromptu honor guard flanking a military highway down which the rescue party passed after it returned to American lines- It was the last of many marches for the rescued men--marches which began with the brutal "death march of Bataan." The freed men showed their happiness, despite their sores and ulcers, wasted bodies and ragged clothes. Some looked helplessly up from litters. Others were proudly erect. There were old men with grey hair and dazed, sunken eyes. Some were surprisingly young and almost at their normal weight. Others were limp from beri-lieri. Their .shirts were .tattered, Shorts were patched and re- patched. Several officers still proudly wore their emblems of rank. There were battered campaign hate, overseas caps and one pre-war type helmet MECHANIZED "ARMY MULE" ON THE JOB -- A bull-dozer, handiest of the army's mechanized equipment, tows a line of jeeps across the Tai-lac river on Luzon, P. I, as Gen Douglas. MacArthur's forces press forward on the road to Manila. Armored Troops Sweep 20 Miles From Manila YANKS ENTER SUBIGBAY * » · ' · ' ' · ' " Occupy Olbngapo Naval Base, Grande Island General Mac Arthur's Headquarters, r Lu;Mn, (U.P.)-^:American .. ar- rooreti .'coluninjI'Ab'rolte' : acrbsi -'the to -_ ·jand- swept.',down .-.- -··-.-· v ^--*^M?fl£S *^; M ?- nfui-': Thursday 'in'..a-.' weakiy-jjpr posed -advance that 'presaged the liberation bf the Philippines capital in'a matter of days. · '.- ' ' Ai the "same time, Gen. Donglas MacArthur revealed that U. .S. warships had re-entered Sublc bay, barely 30 miles fropi the mouth of Manila bay av.d onetime anchorage of the. IMP boat "expendable" s q u a d r o n s that fought off the Japanese fleet during the siege of Bataan 3 years ago. The Olongapo naval base at the head of Subic bay and Grande island at its entrance were occu^ pied without opposition Tuesday by units of the newly-landed American 8th army, aud MacArthur's communique said elements of the U. S. 7th fleet already were operating from and re-building the base. Meanwhile, Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger"s 6th army veterans were closing in swiftly over the l a s t miles before Manila after collapsing the last, defensible Japanese line on the Pampanga river at Calumpit, 23 airline miles north of the city. Tanks and infantrymen of the 37th (Buckeye) division were reported well past Calumpit Thursday, moving rapidly down highway 3 in an apparent bid to enter Manila within the next few days and forestall any Japanese attempt to destroy the capital. The 37th's advance was,facilitated by another American gain far to the north, where doughboy columns scaled off highway 5, the only other main road to the capital, with the capture of Muncz and Talavera, 74 and 65 miles above Manija. Cabanatuan. T miles below Talavera a n d the units pushed out to the southwest toward the · base of the Bataan peninsula and a juncture with 8th army troops advancing eastward from Olongapo. The 6th army spearheads Tuesday reached Lubao, 9 miles southwest 'of San Fernando and 10 miles northeast of Dinaluhipan, where the juncture was expected to be made. Linking of the 6th and 8th armies at Dinaluhipan would clos e off Bataan peninsula andX_a fewy;hundred : ;Japanese;'·· b'e-- taly-Based Planes Hit i Oil Installations Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. Hard fighting'-nas reported continuing west of Clark.; field and Fort Slotsenbarg, about 45 miles northwest of Manila; where American 6th-army forces were'trying to dislodge several thousand Japanese from strong hill positions. The battle had settled momentarily into a close-in artillery duel, with' American guns and planes bombarding the Japanese heavily in an effort to clear the way for an infantry assault. American' heavy bombers hammered the Cavite naval base again Tuesday and fighter - covered P-T boats swept Batangas bay to the south and the Ilocos coast to the north, destroying 51 Japanese coastal craft. Morthwest of Vienna Rome. (#)-- Italy-based bombers of the U. S. 15th air force struck their heaviest blow yet on a single target in dropping 1,357 tons of bomb's Wednesday on iia'zi oil installations iri an area -.22 miles northwest s pt Vienna, allied headquarters "armounced Thursday. Tj.G £cund';.3ct(pn - along - -Jhe .' entire 5th;"arid' flthf army ffpnts7~a~gaan was · confined :· to - patrol engage- ments. '.";) * ..' . - · ' .-. WRONG HOIST DCS Moines, (IP)-- The flag flew upside down over the Iowa capita! Wednesday while the house o! representatives considered the local option on beer sales bill. An upside-down flag is a signal o distress but it was flown that waj over the statehouse merely because of a mistake in hoisting it. REDS CAPTURE TORUN, TAKE NAZI GARRISON » Mass on East Bank of Oder for Last Drive on Capital London, (U.R) -- Russian forces drove to the Oder river 39' miles from Berlin Thursday, and 175 miles to the east captured the long-encircled Polish city of Torun, killing or capturing the German garrison by-passed in the lightning sweep westward. . Russian and German reports agreed that powerful soviet forces were massing , on · the east bank of the Oder in evident preparation for storming the last natural defense line athwart the approaches of Berlin. The fall of Torun, Polish fortress city on the. lower Vistula 80 · miles northeast of Poznan and 25 miles southeast of Bydgoszcz, was announced in a special order of the day by Marshal Stalin, Abroad- cast from Moscow. , It was possible" that the Russians were even closer · than 39 miles, for the German communi- que did not give the exact location of the penetration to the river. The Oder swings to within 28 miles of Berlin northwest 'of Kustrin. But immediately northwest of Kustrin it. is, 39 miles; from the capital, and it seemed more likely that a point in the Kustrin vicinity was meant. The eastern edge of Kustrin itself,, one of the chief defenses of the German capital, was reached by the swift soviet punches rapidly spreading the finest of war to the heart of the reich, said German broadcasts. Along a 70-mile front Marshal Gregory Zliukov massed waves ol tanks;;and infantry;. for a? 1 quick' smash7 at 'Berlin's'-' greatest" dgi ' ' ' ' " Weather Report FORECAST Mason Ctyy: Mostly cloudy Thursday night- and Friday with ris-, i n g temperature. Occasional light snow. Lowest Thursday night about 5 above zero. Iowa: Mostly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with rising temperature. Occasional light snow or rain Friday. Minnesota: Cloudy with occasional light snow west portion Tuesday" night and entire slate Friday. Not so cold south and west portions Thursday night; rising temperatures Friday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette Weather Statistics: Maximum Wednesday 9 Minimum Wednesday 18 below At 8 a. m. Thursday 17 below YEAR AGO: Maximum 36 Minimum . n control point for ^ the highways leading to the northeast coast of Luzon, also was believed in American hands, barring any possibility of a Japanese flanking threat to the Manila- bound 37th. Observers believed the columns on highway 5 might swing down from Cabanatuan to race the 37th i into Manila. Exultant GI's spearheading the 27th's advance were no longer talking of possible fighting on the road to Manila but of the expected victory parade through the city, and the only question among the troops nas whether they could prevent its destruction. All available reports indicated the Japanese do not have sufficient forces in Manila to make a finish fight of it in the city's streets, and it was believed they would evacuate after destroying their ammunition and equipment wherever possible. On 'the basis of their past performances in the retreat through Tarlac and the Clark field area, observers looked for the Japanese to , destroy only the buildings housing their military stores, leaving the bulk of Manila undamaged. YANKS MAKE SECOND LUZON LANDING-- American forces (arrow at left) Tuesday invaded the Zambales coast of Luzon in support of the southwai-d advance (arrow at center) from Lingayen gulf, which is reported 20 miles if om Manila. Amphibious troops landed between San Nar- the 6th army's main! clso and San Antonio and drove inland through San forccs drove for the capital, other! celino to Castillejos. But at the 'center 'of B_ ... , head in; (he 40-mile wide Frankfurt salient betweefi'th'e Oder «nj the Warthe. .the German high command said it had hurled in/Its reserves to halt the invading columns which already had broken through a defense shield 23 miles east of Frankfurt. : Red air fleet planes raked the Berlin-Frankfurt highways and Moscow dispatches said nazi prisoners reported panic in the German capital because German civilians believed the airmen's red Clares were artillery flashes. Officially, Moscow placed the closest soviet approach to Berlin at 63 miles, but an Associated Press dispatch from Moscow virtually confirmed the German reports of a much deeper advance. Kustrin, a 16th century fortified town of 16,000, is on the east bank of the Oder and on the north bank of the Warthe at the confluence of the 2 rivers. DNB said this key town, one of the chief defenses of Berlin, was approached by Zhukov's forces on the north side 'of the Warthe which captured Landsberg and then moved on to Beyersdorf, 63 miles northeast of Berlin. It was about Frankfurt, a city of 75,000 on the west side of the Oder 17 miles south ot Kustrin, that the Germans had grouped their strongest fortifications along the line of the Oder to protect communier.lions between Berlin, and Breslau in Silesia. With his wings spread out on a 70-mile front, Zhukov was preparing for a mighty battle along the Oder which might break German resistance and let the red army flood into Berlin. The Germans were reported dynamiting, shelling and bombing the Oder; in a frantic effort to break up natural ice bridges. The Russians quoted German prisoners as saying large elements of the German air force had been stripped from the Cologne and Aachen sector of the western front as the nazi high command threw | in everything to stop the Russians. I Swedish reports said sporadic gun flashes already were visible in Berlin from the cast and the rumblo of gunfire was audible. Members of the Volkssturm--home guard--were- said to be mining buildings in the eastern portion ot the city for destruction in the event of a soviet breakthrough across the Oder. Street barricades were b e i n g thrown up, travelers reaching Sweden said, and there was every indication that the Germans intended to defend Berlin -house by house if necessary. The city was said to be jammed with refugees from Silesia, Brandenburg and Pomerania. Thousands were living, eating and sleeping in Berlin's bomb-wrecked railway stations. The soviet high command said the Germans ceaselessly were marching up fresh reserves and flinging them into battle without rest in a futile attempt to stem the Russian tide. "Soviet troops arc stolidly ad-

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