The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 29, 1943 · Page 1
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January 29, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, January 29, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T 0 3 V A Cj 0 A D C S K O I N E S THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL; XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS -AND UNITED PRESS FCJli. LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 1943 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' '-HJS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 96 F. R. VISITS LIBERIA AND BRAZIL Cerro Gordo Red Cross Quota $40,000 _____ , .j. ,,. .... jj. .,, ... # _._ · · _' · SUM IS NEEDED TO MEET WAR SERVICE NEEDS Campaign to Be Held in March, Designated as Red Cross Month The minimum quota for Cerro Gordo county in the forthcoming Red Cross war fund campaign will be ?40',OOD, it was announced Friday by F. W. Osmundson, chapter chairman of the drive. * * * The Cerro Gordo county quota will be part of $125.000.000 fund it is hoped will be raised for the greatly expanded program for the American Red cross. The campaign will be held in March, which has been designated by President Roosevelt as Red Cross : month. The national organization will require 5100,000,000 to fina'nce its national and international program, but only 580,000,000 of this amount will come from the 1943 ( War Fund. Because the first Wai- Fund in 1941 was oversubscribed, a balance of 520,000.000 remains in that fund, and this balance will be applied to the 1943 national budget. More than 65 per cent of the amount required by the national organization . has been budgeted fwrrdirect national services to the rearmed -.forces^- '-:*· ----- ·V^-V^-.--·. -, Jv-VJOiir "goal is -based- upon real-' istic estimates wl,ich careful study show, are actually needed to meet the iieavy war-time ' obligations and responsibilities of the Red Cross,", said National Chairman Norman H. Davis, "This sum covers, local, national and international war-time needs of the organization for one year, barring unforeseen emergencies or disasters- It was estimated after the central comm'tfoe examined budget estimates of the National Organization and its 3,750 chapters ana their 6,154 branches. Of the I total goal, ?45,000,000 is the sum required by the Red Cross chapters to finance their indispensable needs and their ever-increasing local work on behalf of families of men in the service " * * W The Red Cross did not hold its customary membership roll call last November, and the March campaign,'barring emergencies, is planed to finance the organization's ' work until Feb. 28, 1944. Walter S. Gifford. president of the American Telephone and Telegraph company, is national chairman of the 1943 Red Cross war -fund. 'DRAFTEFPOOL STARTS MONDAY Individual Preference to Get Consideration WASHINGTON, (£)--The army, navy, marine corps and coast guard will draw on a draftee "pool" hereafter to fill their requirements. The new system, announced-by selective s e r v i c e headquarters Thursday, is effective Monday. While the drafted men cannot be certain which branch of the service will claim them, selective service officials said, individual preference will be given "the fullest consideration practicable." A sngle set of physical standards for inductees, somewhat higher than at present, has been adopted and each service will notify national selective service headquar;ers how many men will be needed during a certain month, for example. ' Each .state and local draft board will be given a quota and draftees will report to an induction station and an assignment board for designation to one of the services. F. W. OSMUNDSON --County Campaign Chairman WALTER S. GIFFORD --National Chairman Second Car Flees With Wounded Man SOUTH PASADENA. Cal., OJ.PJ I --Bystanders reported Friday that shots fired from a speeding automobile felled an unidentified man FALLS FRCM 17TH FLOOR Woman's Plunge Is Believed Accidental EES MOINES, ftp)--Miss Johanna L. p'Conner, about 55 veteran section manager in th Equitable Lite Insurance company valuations department, fell to her death from the nth floor of the Equitable building Friday. Her body grazed the hood and lit upon a fender of the automobile of F. H. Arnold, of the Y M. C.. A., parked in front of the Des Moines Electric company store at 312 Sixth Ave. Hipping off the chronium hood strips, the body tore loose the car's fender and bounced about 10 feet into. Sixth Ave.,. in the path of a car driven by Charles R. Green, an employe of the state treasurer's office. Detectives Phil Cavender and Hugh S. Fitzpatrick, who investigated, said they were inclined to believe the death was accidental and that Miss O'Cpnner slipped and fell out the window beside her desk as she was opening it. She was dead on arrival at a hospital. Devastating Raid Made on Sfax DAMAGE 5 JAPi Gr l nd fttack VESSELS NEAR SOLOMON ISLES U. S. Planes Destroy 10 Nippon Aircraft; Advance on Guadalcanal \VASHINGTON, (If)-- In two furious days o£ fighting in the Solomon islands, the . navy reported Friday, American forces damaged two Japanese cargo ships, two destroyers and a tanker; destroyed ten enemy planes and killed 36 Japanese troops in operations' which. resulted in the capture o£ an enemy command post. Three Japanese were taken prisoner. * * * One of the cargo ships which was damaged probably sank. Four American plaues were reported missing. ' * * * Navy communique No. 265: "South Pacific (all dates are east longitude). "1. On Jan. 27: "(A) Ground operations on Guadalcanal island resulted in the Bandits Flee From Man With Hat of Boy Scout Executive j. OKLAHOMA CITY. (/Pi--Two men stopped Russcl B. Smith's automobile; "We'll have to take your car, Buddy--" ' . Smith switched on his dash light and radio, barking into the loudspeaker: "Calling all cars, reporting robbery at 37th and Classen." "He's a highway patrolman," shouted one yegg as both fled. They didn't know no one can broadcast over a one-\vay radio or that Smith's official hat was that of a boy scout executive. capture -pi ,'a large, --well-established ' ;enemy: "command-.-post; CrWrty-six. Japanese, \vere killed and three prisoners and a large- amount of equipment were captured. In other sectors, two pockets of enemy resistance were wiped out. "(B) During the morning, enemy dive bombers and high- level bombers, escorted by fighters, approached Guadalcanal. TJ. S. fighters engaged the enemy planes and incomplete reports indicate that nine zeros were destroyed and six others probably 'destroyed. The enemy planes dropped no bombs. Four U. S planes are missing. "(C) A force of marauder (Martin B-25T medium bombers with airacobra (Bell P-39) escort, bombed installation on Kolombangara island in the New Georgia group. A large fire was started. All V. S. planes returned. "(D) During the evening a force of dauntless (Douglas) dive bombers and avenger (Grumman T. B. F.) torpedo planes with wildcat (Grummon F4F) escort attacked an enemy destroyer and a cargo ship in the Vella gulf. Two direct hits were scored on the cargo ship which was lei! sinking. Bombs fell close to the destroyer which was left smoking. "2. On Jan. 28: "(A) During the afternoon a force of dauntless dive bombers and avenger torpedo planes with lightning (Lockheed P-38) escort attacked Japanese ships about 15 miles northeast of Kolomban- gara island. A torpedo hit caused a large explosion on an enemy destroyer. One bomb hit and several near-hits were scored on a cargo ship and near-hits on a tanker were observed. The cargo ship and tanker were le£t dead in the water. The tanker was last seen smoking. One. of the four enemy zeros which intercepted was shot down. All U. S. planes returned." The location of the enemy command post, while not given in the communique, is believed to be somewhere in the four-mile stretch of coastal country between Ko- kumbona a n d Tassafaronga. American forces captured Kokum- bona only a few days ago and Tas- safaronga would be their next ob- !oh Tunisia Is Imminent LONDON, (U.P.) -- Devastation of STax by the heaviest American omber formation ever assembled n North Africa and the crowd- ng of the Airika Korps* real- guard by the British eighth army ndicatcd Friday that the zero liour for a grand allied assault in Tunisia was approaching. Axis radios were o p e n l y alarmed about the impending action and the nazi-controlled Paris radio said American forces were ' a d v a n c i n g rapidly" between Sfax and Gafsa, approximately 100 miles inland from the vital axis supply port on Tunisia's east coast. * * * Four waves of America's heaviest bombers softened up Sfax Thursday. For a half hour, they pounded the axis base, starting big fires in the harbor and railroad yards at the port in what appeared to be a preliminary to tbe big drive" to push the axis forces into the sea. * * * y » An allied North African headquarters communique said there was no change in the Tunisian land situation,, but the British middle cast command reported artillery exchanges between the eighth army and the Afrika Korps from the Tunisian border. Although American operations in southern Tunisia had narrowed the coastal corridor through, which Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Afnka Korps remnants must pass to join the Tunisian forces ot Col. Gen. Jurgen von : Arnim's troops, military sources were said it was probable that they would be able to complete the maneuver. The Germans were believed to be able to muster three or perhaps four armored divisions for the battle of Tunisia. * * * Despite bad weather, allied planes of the middle eastern command swept low over southern Italy and Sicily Wednesday night and Thursday to blast r a i l w a y communications and "other targets." They were maintaining a steady offensive against the r a i l r o a d s over which supplies and reinforcements were rushed for shipments to the axis' narrowing African bridgehead. * * * A communique" of the middle eastern command reported artillery exchanges between the eighth army and the Afrika Korps' rear guard Thursday near Zuara. 32 LEASE AID HAS MADE ENGLAND IMPREGNABLE" Stettinius Declares Isles Base for Many Offensive Operations WASHINGTON, (/p)_American lend lease aid has made the British Isles "an impregnable base for offensive operations," Edward R. Stettinius told congress Friday. Stettinius, lend lease adminis- rator, asked continuance of lend ease aid until July, 1944. * * * In testimony before the house foreign affairs committee, Stet- tinius said a large part of the North African campaign and the middle east. Italian Africa, Syria and Madagascar offensives stemmed from the British Isles. , * * * He related that the program was resulting in supply by other united nations of food, munitions, services, barracks and transportation to United States troops stationed in them, as well.as making American weapons of war available to Britain, China, Russia and this..nation's othei^.allies. . . ,* "He'tbld."oi^flifficulticyof"trHtis* portation to Chma .before and" after Burma fell arid said that even greater effort must be near a theater, and that men leaped from picked the victim off with him. WILL DEPICT RICKENBACKER HOLLYWOOD. (U.R) -- Winfield Sheehan. veteran producer Fri- several day completed plans to film the a second car 'life of Capt. Eddie Rickcnbacker up and drove including his recent rescue from 'a life raft in the Pacific . . ' \ ' · . · jeclive coast. in an advance along the STAGE "NUISANCE RAID" ALGIERS, W--German planes staged a dawn "nuisance" raid on the Algiers area Friday. Single aircraft swept over the city in the waning light of the moon, dropping bombs at scattered points. It was the second attack on Algiers in three nights. OLD BELL IN COMEBACK HILLSBORO, Ohio, (U.PJ--The Hillsboro village fire ball may be old, but the war has brought it back into its oivn. The electric fire alarm siren has been replaced by the old bell. The siren, hereafter, will be used only in case of air raid-warnings. miles from Tunisia and west or Tripoli. 64 miles The relatively slow progress of the eighth army since it took Tripoli and the use of artillery suggested that Marshal Erwin Rommel had ordered a spirited rear guard defense, to give him time to prepare the Mareth line, in lower Tunisia, for at least a temporary stand. But dispatches from allied North African headquarters said the stage had been set for a final, stunning offensive against all axis forces remaining in Africa. Axis radios sounded alarms of attacks and impending big-scale action, arid one allied report indicated that American forces were already delivering the first great blow. 5 Killed as Bomber Crashes in Oklahoma COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., W)--Five arny airmen were killed late Thursday in the crash of an army B-25-C bomber from Peterson Field, Colorado Springs, at Lookeba, Ofcla., Lt. Harold C. Harmon, public relations officer, reported Friday. Names of the personnel killed were withheld unlil next of kin can be notified. Defendant Asks Police Judge, "Got a Match" exerted to get supplies into China. Stettinius said that supplies arc :eing flown across the highest mountains in the world under almost impossible conditions. ¥ ¥ ¥ The lend lease administrator said that food shipments ,to Russia have not amounted to a large proportion of our lend lease aid in the past, but that they were being increased greatly. _ * * * "It is difficult." he said, "to estimate how much the peoples of Russia have helped us by holding back the nazi forces." Of the Egyptian campaign, Stettinius reported that between February and November, 1942, the United States exported under lend lease and under cash purchase to Egypt over 1,000 planes, many hundreds of tanks. 20,000 trucks and hundreds ot pieces of artillery. Passage of legislation to extend the act appeared certain, as republican leaders in congress have declared they would not oppose continuance of an act which has provided billions of dollars worth of aid to others ol the united nations, but there were demands for a detailed accounting of how the program is being carried out. As first witness, Stettinius told the committee that "if there is any question to be debated in connection with · the lend lease act, it is, to my mind the question of why we have not sent more to. our allies, not whether we should continue to send supplies to them." Boy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette earner boy. ^ by ambling up to the he asked Judge Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Not much change in temperature Friday afternoon, Friday night and Saturday forenoon. Lowest temperature in Mason City 14. IOWA: Not much change in temperature with occasional light to moderate snow Friday afternoon, Friday night and Saturday forenoon. MINNESOTA: Occasional 1*1 g h t snow Friday night and Saturday forenoon. Not much change in temperature, except colder northwest and north central portions Friday night and north and west portions Saturday forenoon. IN MASON CITY At 8 a ' m " Friday stati i .night 1° Cl MALTA* ;wedite«oneon Sec, FRENCH WEST AFRICA VISITS LIBERIA--After a conference at Casablanca (1) with Prime Minister Churchill, President Roosevelt went to Liberia (indicated by lower arrow). Meanwhile Lake Chad forces (3) joined the British eighth army in pursuit of the Rommel force. "Got a .match?" Gilbert Titus. j YEAR AGO: t ,, ' TM n j? pped lhe Judge-- "but Maximum 1 have 20 days. They're yours." 1 Minimum 15 35 39 soinriHi AMERICA MEETS VARGAS IN NATAL AFTER TRIP TO AFRICA Precedent on Precedent Is Piled by Roosevelt With Long Journey WASHINGTON, (AP) ~ Piling precedent on precedent. President Roosevelt is taking advantage of his historic trip to North Africa by stopping ofr cnruute home and conferring with the heads of allied nations in both hemispheres, v * ¥ ¥ The latest of Ihese meetings came Thursday, when IVJr. Roosevelt saw President Gctulio Vargas of Brazil at Natal, main South American terminus of the airplane service to Africa. As tlv-« r talked, Brazilians celebri^d the first anniversary of that nation's break with the axis. * * * While details were not immediately available, it was presumed the two chief executives had an opportunity to discuss Brazil's strategic importance in hemispheric defense. Meanwhile the white'house ' ' President Roosevelt stopped at Natal, Brazil, (shown by arrow) on returning from Africa . where he conferred with P r i m e Minister Churchill.and o t h e r t o p ranking British and American military chieftains. Reds Buckle German Defense Line on Middle of Front to Register 12 Mile Advance Russian Armies Use Divide and Annihilate Tactics Against Germans By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russia's triumphant a r m i e s , crashing into the middle of (he German front between Moscow and Rostov, reported Friday they had buckled the nazi dcfcnsc-in- depth system for a gain of 12Vj miles, killed 3,000 axis troops, captured 6,000 prisoners, and advanced within 75 miles or Ihc key German base at Kursk. * * * The thrust represented a fo- t»I advance of 45 miles from Voronezh, which the Russians announced they had recaptured two.days ago. Simultaneously, a M o s c o w broadcast declared that the Germans had suffered greater casualties since the Russian offensive began Nov. 19 than the whole of Napoleon's ill-fated grand army which invaded czarist Russia in 1812. Napoleon led 600,000 French. German and Italian troops into Russia in late June and only 100 000 escaped after the bloody trek back across the snow less than six months later. The red armies were exploiting the same divide-and-annihilate laciics used by Hitler in his first devastating sweep into the U. S. S. R. 19 months ago. Soviet dispatches said the Russians were steadily closing a pincers on the German-held Maikop oil . fields, attacking from the northeast and the southwest, and also hammering a wedge between nazi forces in the Maikop sector and others immediately below Rstov. * ¥ # The wcrfj;e was pointed at n e w I y-recaptured KaJniuolot- skaya. only 18 miles northeast of the key rail hub at Tikhor- etsk, with red army columns apparently driving at a rapid clip toward the sea of Azov down the Stalin?rad-Norossisk rail line from Salsk. * * -v Other soviet troops striking up the Baku-Rostov railway were reported only eight miles southeast of Kropotkin, just below Tiki-or- etsk, after a total advance of 215 mile's from Mozdok in the lower Caucasus. Far to !ho north, in Ihc Vor- onezh sector, the plight of the nazi invasion armies appeared lo be growing blacked by the hour, with thousands of Germans, including three generals, surrendering or falling captive as the Russians stormed toward Kursk. MJV Roosevelt had paused" : oh : - his\fourney homeward from the momentous war councils | in North Africa to greet the president of tvopieal Liberia, I on the western bulge of i Africa. I There he reviewed American Negro troops and in- ispucted a plantation turning ! out war-vital rubber. News of his Liberian visit was contained in a dispatch from Monrovia, released through the white house, which told for the first time of Mr. Roosevelt's travels ! after the president. W i n s t o n Churchill and the American and British high commands charted their 1943' war plans in a 10-day conference at Casablanca, Morocco. The conference ended Sunday, and cliicf executive and prime minister drove southward 150 miles to Marrakcch. an ancient Berber and Arab town at the foot of the Atlas mountains of French illoocco. There they spent the nielil and Ilicrc they said their farewells the following day. Wilh one intervening stop, which was not identified, Mr. Roosevelt and his party flew to Liberia in two four-motored armv transport planes. They landed a't Roberts field, about 50 miles from Monrovia and were greeted by Brig. Gen. S. W. Fitzgerald, commanding the middle cast wing of the air transport- comYnand. and Brig. Gen. James F. C. Hyde, commanding general of the central African service of supply of the American armies. Allowed a bit of time to freshen up, the president was escorted to Ihc officers' mess hall where President Edwin Barclay ol Liberia, Clarence L. Simpson. Liberlan secretary ot state, and Fredrick P. CETUL10 VARGAS --President'of Brazil

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