The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 31, 1945 · Page 1
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January 31, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 31, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S PATLYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. LI .rr--4-t.j ),« MA UnMM PMB Fun I mnt' (Kw. MASON CITY. IOWA. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY SI. IMS NO. tt RUSSIANS 55 MILES FROM BERLIN 1st Army Breaks Through to Begin Storming Siegfried Line DRIVE NEARER HEADWATERS OF ROER RIVER Widen Bridgehead Across Our River to Thrust Into Reich 'Paris, (IP)--Whiteclad infantry of the American 1st army stormed across the snowdrifted German ; border at 2 new places Wednesday · arid Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' artillery started pouring shells into the main concrete works of the thinly held Siegfried line. All alone a 35 mile assault front | from! below. St; Vith to the Roer: river northeast of Monschau, the 1st and 3rd armies had a full scale assault underway with gains which carried the 1st to the ramparts of the west wall and broadened the 3rd army's foothold Ill- side Germany to 5 miles. -. The next few hours, it \yas believed at supreme headquarters, might begin to show whether even with additional cold and delaying drifts, the Germans .'would be able to h o 1 d their fortifications with the force they left behind in - their drainout to bolster the eastern front. (Berlin radio said the .Americans had launched a new attack with strong forces including tanks on both 'sides of Monschan alone a broad'front. Gen. Eisenhower was said to have massed 60 divisions, .nearly-half of them armored^fpr a ~*full''" scale" T-offehsive - along ;the I whole;. f ronC'^l'fie'rtrernSnJf · a d T ; mitted some villages were lost, bui .said' their front had' nowhere been broken.) ·'' ':'.. · ··"'. ·: · ··· ·'· · The 100,000 or more identified troops pi the first and 3rd armies ^vere. driving into .the thinned bu Siegfried line and they advancec to within 3 : miles of 2 headwater dams: coritrolling-Jthe': flood levels of : the Roer 'river, a major barrier before; Cologne. ' Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3rc army widened its : bridgehead acfoss'lhe Our river into German: to 5 miles and thrust it a mile am a half into the reich within 12 o the Siegfried line bastion of Prum. The initiative was back in Gen. Eisenhower's hands and as fast the Infantrymen and armor couli move through the slushy, deep drifted snowflelds, he w.as slam ming a new challenge from th west against the shaken reich. Battlefront reports said th Americans who lashed out east o Monschau found Siegfried lin ^pillboxes abandoned and unde fended. In that area,'. the firs army was attacking south of a 3c mile section of the^ west wa which.had been conquered earlier in the winter campaign. The sec lion extended from Linnich albn the Roer to east of Monschau. -In other places. She German were trying desperately to regai their balance from surprise pre dawn assaults. At one place, they struck" back with a small counterattack which failed to check the American surge. Initial advances ranged up to 4 miles. More than a dozen, towns, mostly German, felt Opposition was mostly negligible and largely From the very young and the in- Firm of the hastily 'mustered Volkssturm. ' . ·Although the active attack front was 30 miles wide, pressure was being exertedyjwv an_80 mile frontier zone frorE" the Monschau forest village of Kestemich to Sinz in Germany, southeast of Luxembourg city. T h e attack force presently committed. " was half as large as that hurled by Field Marshal von Rundstedt before Christmas into- the Belgian bulge. Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges sent the 1st, 2nd, 9th, 78th,. 99th and 1 other division of the 1st army into the drive: -- which was ssuming the proportions of an i'ensive. Lt. G e n . George S. alton, Jr., committed 4 3rd army ivisions; the 5th infantry, 6th rmored, 17th airborne and 94th nfantry. Between them, they had a minimum of 34 divisions, or more than 50,000 assault .troops. Nine of lese were armored divisions, 6 ther. armies besides the 1st and rd stood along the western front rom the North sea to Switzerland. ' . · · " . The assault; front was steadily extending northward. Weather till was a greater obstacle than be Germans or their fixed fortifi- ations. Blizzard conditions ' gave vay overnight to rains and thawing temperatures on the 3rd army ector.from St. "Vitti to the Mo-. elle. -river, complicating the al- ·eady tremendous transport ,prob-- em;- .· ·.';' ··'·, ; ' "!' V-'-. '..-? '-'?.; '"-',,'v. /'. 18th- division, : with HOPE TO SAVE Hou^ Defeats Anti-Closed SECRETARYSHIP FOR WALLACE Barkley to Lead Administration Forces for Senate Approval Washington, (U.R)--Senate Democratic Leader Alben W. Barkley left his sick bed Wednesday for an llth hour attempt to salvage for Henry A. Wallace at least a diluted version of the 'secretary- ship of commerce. Administration forces conceded defeat in the fight to give Wallace the post with full control over government lending agencies, resting their final hopes on some compromise, that may lead the opposition to abandon plans to repudiate Wallace under a n y circumstances. , Barkley arranged to meet' with Chairman Josiah W. Bailey, (D.- N. Car.,) of the senate commerce committee on a procedural question that may decide Wallace's fate--whethe? the senate should act.first Thursday on the George bill to divorce lending · agencies from the department, or on the ^Wallace nomination itself. . Wallace's supporters admitted that .he faced almos't certain defeat unless the senate first took Shop Addition 'BULLETIN Washington, (/P) -- The house Wednesday · voted 178 to 142 against an "anti-closed shop" amendment to limited national sen-ice legislation foremen between IS and 45. The teller count was subject to a possible roll call later. ' Washington, CU,R-- The administration marshalled its forces Wednesday to save the white house-approved limited national service bill from death by -amendment. House leaders were somewhat more optimistic about chances for passage but conceded that attempts to write in controversial. amendments still threatened to kill the so-called work-or-else bill. Most feared were proposals by Rep. Walter G. Andrews, R., N. Y., exempting drafted 'workers from closed shop agreements and by Rep. Frank Rook, D., Mich., to give legislative ·' sanction to the fair employment practices commission. Proponents "felt that adoption of either would kill the bill, which is designed to force' 18-45 year men to get or keep war jobs under threat of fines, prison terms, or induction. . ' Meanwhile, the house heard arguments that only by passing stiff RESCUED OFF TORPEDOED CANADIAN MINESWEEPER-- Crewmen off the torpedoed Canadian minesweeper Claypqubt are rescued by the Fennel Canadian corvette. Eight lives were lost in the torpedoing, place and time pf which are not disclosed. (AP wirephoto) · _ - , ^ armor in support, gained at least S 'miles' in the : . 1st 'day of.-; its at- ack, capturing Konzen and reach- nr Kesternacb. 'northeast' of "\Ionschau in the s t e e p, hilled country within 3 'miles of the upper Roer dam. Farther down its front of '17 miles .or more, the 1st army's 9th division captured Rohren, 2 miles east . of. Monschau. Other forces look Wirtzfel d , · Ro ch erath and Krinkelt,' east of Malmedy. All "along the active front 'and north to Holland, the Americans either were on 'German s o i l 01 very near it. They were in the foothills of. the Eifel mountains, which form a part of the thick west wall defenses. up the George bill, which was aimed frankly at .keeping lending powers :6ut', of the; ex-Arice ipresi- ^^^a^/r^sr^fi^-l.^ ~ ' ' ! manpower legislation can congress prove to American fighting men ;that · they have full sup' ppr£ ; from ' ' - Yarik Troops Return to Bataan Triumphantly GUT JAPS INTO FOUR POCKETS Take San Marcelino Airdrome Near Manila 3rd army was patrolling the Our river' throughout The up to northern Luxembourg all the way south of. Vianden. Below Vianden to Kinz, the 3rd was either on the border or . inside Germany. Its Our river bridgehead southeast o£ St Vith extended from near Auel to Schiebach. Beyond the German hamlet of Welchenhauseri, Patton's infantry edged I'/i miles into the reich. The U. S. 7th . army front in northern Alsace still-^was snowbound. Behind that front, however. there were aerial reports of heavy enemy traffic movements. This could mean either that the Germans were bolstering or abandoning their stalled drive. But Bailey--whose c approved the George bill and disapproved - t h e nomination--indicated that he would first call up the nomination 'regardless' of his meeting with Bargley. Sen. Kenneth McKellar, (D. Term.,) a leader in the. anti-Wallace camp, also favored prior action on the nomination and said he expected Bailey to follow that course. "It will be disposed of right away," he said. "I haven't the slightest idea that Wallace will be confirmed." Wallace's friends did not dispute McKellar's prediction'in event the nomination is first called up. Sen. Allen J. Ellender, D., La., said the only solution would be for the president to issue an executive order separating the Reconstruc- tion'Finance Corp. and other loan agencies from the department before the senate meets Thursday. "Only that way can we hope for Wallace's confirmation," he said. Sen. Claude Pepper, D., Fin., another Wallace supporter, also hoped for presidential intervention, saying that Mr. Roosevelt's endorsement of the George bill would "expedite matters." But he added that he did not know whether the president "will take a hand in the matter." Some senators speculated on the possibility that the white house might 'Withdraw Wallace's nomination and re-submit it after the George bill is passed and signed into law. Sen. George L. Radcliffe, D., Md., who favors the Wallace nomination only if ; RFC is dissolved from commerce, said such talk was "persistent." Radcliffe said such a p l a n would assure Wallace's opponents that he would not get control over the loan agencies though a presidential veto of the George bill after Wallace is confirmed. wryjbrne .fr'ontr-Ih'at; theme ^"ouridia^n · tStfioofjby, 2 ' ' - : Iowa House Passes Local Option Bill Des Molnes, (/P)-- By a vote of 69 to 39 the house of representatives .Wednesday · piassed, toe .hotly : " " ' ' ;cahs,'1Reps;-; Everett : M. Dirfcsen, 111.-, and Joseph Q'Hara, iviirm. . Reminding the house that some men have been at the front for 120 days without replacement and that the armed forces say they need more men, Dirksen wanted to know: "How are yon going to face those boys when they come hack?" . O'Hara termed the bill a "legislative mess," said he was suspicious of the motives iehind it," but added: "You've got to answer them (the fighting men) some way if you vote against this bill." First test of strength on the bill was expected on amendments designed to eliminate the compulsory features of the bill and to provide legal enforcement for the present manpower controls of the war manpower commission. Administration leaders hoped that support for the controversial FEPC amendment wquld be dissipated by the house .labor committee's announcement that H would soon .start hearings on a separate FEPC measure. Industry and labor, however, continued their vociferous opposition to the pending work-or-else bill. The congress of industrial organizations asked the senate military affairs committee to. open hearings to give labor, agriculture and industry a "full opportunity" to present their cases. Ira Mosher, president of the national association of manufacturers, sent a letter to the same committee warning that the pending bill would hurt rather than help war production. quartern. - · troops returned in triumph to" Bar taan- Wednesday after a bloodless landing on the west coast of Luzon that cut the Japanese island defenses into 4 doomed pockets and may already have overrun the It :hM^s}ietil.V3 ;days' -:'aiid--7oyer 'whicii '' 'Iowa :: "legislatures ···· nave struggled loir nearly a century. As finally adopted, the measure would apply only to the sale ol beer. A proposal that local option also apply to the manufacture of ^ ,,.,,,..,,,., .,,.,,.,,_ .......... ,,. former U. S. naval base, at Olon- | y,e veri ,j e was removed from the MECHANIZED RUSSIAN MIGHT--Radio photo from the soviet-German front shows Russian self-propelled guns under Lt. Col. Kuznetsov, advancing to the attack. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Increasing cloudiness and not so cold Wednesday night. Lowest temperature about zero. Thursday mostly cloudy with occasional light snow and slowly rising temperature. Iowa: Fair and cold Wednesday n i g h t . Thursday increasing cloudiness with rising temperature. Minnesota: Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday, continued cold Wednesday night and rising temperature Thursday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette Weather Statistics^ . Maximum Tuesday 8 Minimum Tuesday -14 At 8 a. m.'Wednesday -14 YEAR AGO: Maximum .36 25 y: s R-S DETERMINED TO KEEP MARIANAS Navy Wants Islands for Postwar Base Pearl Harbor, (U.R) -- The TJ. S. navy appeared determined to retain the conquered Marianas after the war for conversion into the "Pearl Harbor of the western Pacific" within 3,100 to 1,500 miles south of Tokyo. Artemns L. Gates, assistant secretary ot the navy for air, told a press conference here Tuesday that the Marianas "should be kept for what they are and what they stand for--and what they stand for Is another Pearl Harbor 3,590 miles west of here." Back at Pearl Harbor after a tour of American bases from the Solomons to Luzon, he said the United States has complete air supremacy in the Philippines, bu' predicted that the going "will ge' tougher at the approaches to the Japanese mainland." He said the Japanese probably will bring out new types of interceptor planes based on German rocket principles. gapo. In another of the bold amphibious strokes that have rolled the Japanese back across New Guinea, the Halmaheras and the central Philippines, the newly-constituted V. S. 8th army established a solid 8-mile beachhead between San Felipe and San Antonio, some 45 miles northwest of Manila, without losing a man, ship'or plane. The first assault troops hit the beach at 8:30 a. m. Monday, without firing a shot, and a few hours more than a division of veteran jungle fighters were speeding inland through lanes of cheering natives. By nightfall they had pene.- trated 11 miles inland,'taking San Marcelino and its airdrome--the 23rd field captured on Luzon-and were pushing through Castillejos Pass toward Olongapo, 9 miles away on the east shore of Subic Bay. About ZOO to 300 Japanese in (he area scattered down into the hills of Bataan at first sigh,! of the ~iig invasion armada and dls- iatches from the scene indicated hat in -the past 21 hours the Americans were fanning out cross the 18-mile wide base . of he peninsula toward a juncture vilh other invasion forces moving lown highway 3 on Manila. The first American objective beyond Olongapo apparently · was Dinaluhipan. on the northeastern corner of Bafaan 13 miles east of he naval base and 19 miles south- vest of the U. S. 6th army forces at San Fernando on the Manila road. . The 3Eth division, veterans · of he Aitape-Wewak fighting in few Guinea, and elements of the 24th infantry transferred from , composed the initial land- ng force under Lt. Gen. Robert iichelberger, commander of the Slh army. So complete was the tactical and strategic surprise that the measure Tuesday. The bill also'provides that if it finally is'enacted, no local option elections will be held in the state until after the war. Regardless of how soon the war might end, the earliest such proposals ^could be voted would be in the 1946 general election. The law, it passed by the senate in its present form, could no take effect until November, 1947 and there will be another session of the legislature before it couli go into effect. The issue came to an abrup climax by a sudden flurry of with drawals of amendments. Twen ty-two amendments were with drawn by their sponsors in a few minutes after word s p r e a through the chamber that th measure should he disposed o quickly. The reason for the mov was not disclosed. Thlrty-fou amendments had been filed an 10 were disposed of in the last days. Only a dozen persons were i the galleries when the final vot was taken, a sharp contrast to th opening day. of debate Mbnd when the galleries were filled. Nazis Bomb, Strafe Fifth Army Sector I South of Bologna Rome, WP)--The Germans sent 9 planes on strafing and bombing missions on the American 5th army sector south of Bologna Tuesday night in the strongest enemy air action on the Italian front in weeks. Ground operations were limited to patrol contacts on both the 5th and Bth army sectors. Allied planes challenging the nazi aircraft destroyed one and damaged another, and anti-aircraft fire scored hits on several. GREAT DEMAND FOR U, S. MEAT Expect New Reductions in Civilian Supply .'·WaaMJigtohV (/P)--A government dod-official said -Wednesday this -puntry may be in for "some em- ) arrassing ; , momeh ts; ] hr ; ; interna-' ional relations" through' a'-'forV ign 'demand for'more American meat. . : " · ·. ' ' : ' . These moments may arise, said M. K. Bennett of the foreign economic administration, if the r United States fails to make a larger portion of its now declining meat reduction available abroad. , Bennett! raised the point in questioning agriculture department estimates that Americans may get from 5 to 10 pounds a person, less meat in 1945 than in 1944. He declared the reduction in ANNOUNCE FALL OF LANDSBERG RAIL CENTER Large Red Forces Converge on Capital From 2 Directions , London, (If)--Marshal Gregory Zhukov's troops Wednesday captured Landsberg 68 miles east of Berlin, Marshal Stalin announced Wednesday night and B e r l i n broadcasts said the red army had plunged to towns only 58 and 62 miles from the reich's capital. Landsberg, great rail and road rub on the Berlin-Danzig rail line, was conquered along with the strong points of Meseritz, Schwie- bus and Zullichau tb the southeast as Zhukov's forces broke through the German defense guarding Frankfurt on the Oder .river. 39 miles from Berlin. German broadcasts said soviet columns had speared to Soldin, SB miles from Berlin, and to Zielen- zig, 62 miles from .Germany's queen city. These would represent gains north and south beyond Landsberg by columns 35 miles apart. Zielenzig is only 55 miles from the suburbs included in greater Berlin. Stalin's order of the day showed :hat Zhukov was beating into Germany on the direct route to Berlin along a 50-mile-wide front. Fierce battles are raging in the bend formed by the Oder and Warthe rivers, which merge at Kustrin, 22 miles northwest of Zielenzig, 'said Berlin. Zielenzig is 25 miles northeast of the Oder river fortress city of Frankfurt. Huge soviet flank drives increased the peril to Berlin. A German broadcast said Zhu- kov's northern wing had reached to Soldin. only 36 miles from Stettin on the Baltic. A push Ut Stettin would cut off all northeaster* Germany/and put Zhnkoy civilian supplies may jreater, saying: be much "Where it falls depends heavily upon what is done In the allocation process and towards meeting International obligations by restrictive consumer rationing, or larger set-asides (for government use)." The FEA official's remarks were in an articler-in the current issue of the agriculture department's "The Agricultural Situation." ' "Foreign countries," he added, "want more of our meat than Ihey are getting. If they are permitted to have it, or a substantial fraction of what they want and need, our own per capita consumption must fall by more than 5 to 10 poun'ds. If they are not permitted to have it, some embarrassing moments in international relations may arise." Japanese were unable to put up [he slightest resistance on the beaches or anywhere ashore in the first day. eliminating all preliminary shore bombardment by the planes and warships of the big amphibious force. The capture of San Marcelino's airfield put- American planes within a few minutes' flying time of Manila bay and was expected to play a major role in the reduction of the forts guarding the sea approaches to the Philippines capital. Japanese hopes for a successful or prolonged defense of Luzon were fading swiftly as Eichelberger's veterans swarmed- across the northern shoulder ot Bataan. Cut off from all supply of reinforcement, the survivors of the island garrison faced piecemeal destruction in their 4 remaining pockets DOMINATE SKIES American planes "dominate the skies over Luzon as if they.owned the sky," the Japanese-:Domei news agency complained Wednesday in a dispatch intercepted ;by the federal communications, commission. mountains west of Clark field, in the Manila area, and in Baguio and the northern hills. Headquarters observers believec the Japanese would hang.on.and fight to the death, but their position now was -regarded as hopeless. Continuous waves of American fighters and dive-bombers were pounding the enemy pockets from dawn to dark and a l l . Japanese movements by daylight had be --on Bataan, in the Zambales come virtually impossible. 16 CHILDREN DIE IN FIRE Auburn', Me.. OP)--Sixteen young children', and a woman., .trapped after an exploding stove sent lames raging through a wooden oarding/home for war and factory workers' babies, were suffocated or burned to death Wednesday. · · : Most of the victims ranged in ige from 3 months to 3 years. They died - in their cribs--their heads thrust through the spaces between the slats in their futile struggle to escape. . _ Only 8 of'the 25 occupants of the converted farmhouse were able .to flee .the fast-spreading flames that swept the interior 'of the concerted farmhouse. . One "of them was Mrs. Eva LaCoste, operator of the home, who sobbed "We don't have any more babies," as she told of trying to flee from the burning building with 2 cribs, of falling, and losing the babies in the fire. ./ .. . "I had them in my arms, I lost them'when I fell down," Mrs. LaCoste cried after telling Dr. Frederick W. Cardh, her : physician, how a stove had exploded. Mrs. LaCoste 'related that she fell at the front door of the home and stumbled out into the snow- filled yard.. . column was 6ft miles froin the Baltic port of Koslin, about midway' betwwfn'St«tUn and Duuic- r Zbukpv also Xvas striking southwestward,- and reached the Oder at a point about 38 miles southeast of Zeilenzig. Here his troops were close to a linkup with the first Ukrainian army of Marshal Ivan Konevi which has stormed over the Oder at points on a long front in German Silesia. Wednesday's German communi:- que said Russian' attacks from their bridgeheads across the Oder in Upper Silesia were stopped, and in the center, declared "our troops engaged in heavy battle against enemy infantry and tank forces pushing to the west in the Oder- Warthe bend." High nazis already have pledged a fight "before, in. and behind" Berlin, and reports to Swedish newspapers said the German high command would formally declare Berlin a fortified city to be defended "stone by stone." Moscow dispatches declared Zhukov's tanks were sweeping westward in deep snows in a new spurt toward the Oder tast of Berlin^ and quoted captured German officers as saying the nazi positions broken in Brandenburg were "the last strong defense line before the Oder." ; ' Great armored battles were Reported in which ' German royal tiger tanks were pitted against Stalin tanks of the Russians. · In east Prussia,.the capital of Konigsberg-was nearly surrounded, and German escape to the sea had been blocked there.: Berlin radio, -reported fierce fighting at Zielenzig, a wool-spinning and cloth-manufacturing town, and at Meseritz and Wi- The Berlin communique disr- closed Russian forces had penetrated above. Schneidemuhl 'to within some 60 miles of Koslin at the Baltic, saying soviet reconnaissance elements were counterattacked north of Flatow and north ol Krone. These towns are respectively 18 miles northeast and 14 northwest of Schneide- muhl. ' The bulletin also declared that strong German forces had fought their, way-back from' the area of Kallsz, 'big soviet-captured town southeast of Pozna'o in Poland. These Germans prevented Eos- siaiu south of Leazno-from crowing the Oder and have.destroyed more than 230 Russian tanks since Jan. 18, the communique added, Large numbers of Germans, including elderly' men' and boys, were reported in a.dispatch from Moscow to be moving up from Berlin to the Oder to:tmake ;a stand there in defense of-the capital - ·: '· '· '·'· '. ' -t : ital. Zielenzig is 22 miles east of Kustrin, 1 which roughly is midway between the old German-Polish frontier and Berlin. . '. While Berlin was itiriinf for defense, Moscow dispatches s*M the Russians were tightening their .fe.:

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