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FOURTEEN MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MAY 9 1934 NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS (THIS PAGE EDITED BY AETHUR PICKFORD) Better Roads Better Farming FARMERS WARNED NOT TO REOPEN CORN LOAN CRIBS Murray Points Out Thai Credit Corporation May Call Loan. DES MOINES, May 9. UP)--State Secretary of Agriculture Ray Murray today warned against opening of sealed corn cribs containing collateral on federal corn loans. The secretary said he had received a few reports of corn loan borrowers using sealed corn for feeding livestock on their farms. "In practically every case," Murray said, "the borrower had more com in the Crib than pledged in the warehouse certificate and because of lack of information or misinformation, thought that he had a right to'feed the unpledged corn Â·whether it was in the sealed crib or not. Out of Feed. In a few cases, however, they were out of feed and money anc opened the crib with the intention of paying the corn loan when the corn-hog money arrived. Â· . "These acts are violations of the law. The borrower in signing the warehouse certificate pledged that he would not remove any of the grain or break the seal on the crib except upon written authorization of the holder of the certificate. Can Call I-oari. "In signing the corn loan agreement the borrower gave the Commodity Credit corporation, which is the lending agency, the power to call the loan upon any such violation. If the loan is called for such violation, the borrower will be held for the full amount of the note, in- insurance and collection terest, costs." The penalty for violating the state's corn sealing law is a $100 to $500 fine, a maximum six months imprisonment, or both fine and imprisonment. u IT SEEMS TO ME n A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Immediate Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day. "Nickel's Worth of Soybeans" Suggested AMES, May 9. UP}--'Til take a nickel's worth of soybeans." Frank Holt Ellsworth, senior chemical. engineering student at Iowa- State,college, says this phrase is : ]j6t"as~piep6steroua aa It sounds '.-ijtlsworth, is perfecting a process for making synthetic peanuts from soybeans. The process, he says, is simple. Soybeans are boiled in salt water. This makes them swell to three or four times their natural size. The beans are then fried in hot oil until they become crisp and crunchy. They taste somewhat like peanuts but have a distinctive tang. Ellsworth is still searching for a more suitable frying oil. By "DICK" KOESTER Tell me about your farm and your farm business,. The home farm is 160 acres and I have an interest in other land and we operate 250 acres. I suppose you would call me a general farmer. We milk not more than 10 cows. I fatten the young things that I do not wan to keep. Sometimes the boys have one or two baby beeves. Of course we let those calves suck the cows. We expect to raise plenty of hogs. I think we have a very good farming country here. I have been on this farm 23 years. What was the big Impression you got when you arrived here from Germany? I think the biggest one was the poor roads in Iowa. They were mostly just two wheel marks and two tracks where the horses walked. If one did not like the track he was in he could make another one. In Germany the roads were smooth and made of brick or stone and they were expected to last a lifetime. The country looked rough and unkempt. Grass and brush grew in the roads. Trees were cut down in a wasteful way. In Germany trees could not be cut down without permission and, in timber land, another one must be planted of a specified kind. The result is that timber is not decreasing in Germany but we are slaughtering our natural timber and all farm groves here are growing thin and ragged. Looking backward, do you remember any time as bad as this depression ? No, I think not We had low prices but our expenses were less. Before the coming of the tractor and the automobile these prices vould not have been so bad. Also in hose days a man who lost out here, could go west and start again, but hat chance is gone. Also, we always had a market 1 or our surplus, over in Europe, in hose days. If folks lived as simply as they I aid 30 years ago wouldn't that help? Yes, but they won't. Now we are used to quick transportation we will never go back to the horse and buggy way of traveling. The auto brought the need for better roads HE LIKES AMERICA "DICK" KOESTER DORN in 1874, in the northwest part of the German Empire, in the province of Oldenburg, home of the famous apple, Duchess of Oldenburg, Mr. Koester has always had a rural environment. Coming to America in 1893 he naturally gravitated to a German community where there were other Oldenburgers, at first in Butler county and in 1895 in Cerro Gordo county, where he worked for several seasons as a farm hand. He married Miss Gerdes and.they began housekeeping 23 years ago on the 160 acre farm Where they now live. There are 3. boys and 4 girls in the family and the farm home is one of the well equipped farm homesteads in Pleasant Valley township. In London there are at present 210,000 Jews. u a Â·C g -w O O H V % Â«Â· fe and we have thousands of miles of them. I am surprised at-the amount of improved roads that have been made in the last two years. I think some of the grades are more ex- pensive than necessary on the lesser traveled roads; but, of course, I want the road in front of my house good and I suppose the other fellow feels that way too. I think we could save some money by getting more mileage out of the cars before we junked them. That's the way we did with the buggies, but that is a personal matter. We can't eat our cake and keep it, too. What office do you hold in the AAA program? --Â· I am chairman of the Pleasant Valley corn-hog reduction committee. We have had a very good response to the proposed hog and crop reduction and we have found the farmer giving very honest statements as to both items. What are the farmers doing with the acres they have taken out of production ? Many of them are taking the opportunity to clear them of bad weeds. Some are seeding sweet clover or ordinary clover in preparation for pasture or meadow next year. What is the government going to do with this corn? I don't know and I think no one knows, not even the government Much depends on what sort of a crop we get this year. It may all be needed in the middlewest. What system of taxation do you favor? Any system that will distribute taxes more equitably. I have not studied the proposed plans enough to choose one of them. I think mortgages should be taxed to the owners of them. They do it in Germany and they can't hide them from the assessor. Can we reduce taxes and keep up our schools and roads at their present standard? I don't see how we can; and those two items are our principal big items. Tell me about the social life of your neighborhood? Mrs. Koester: Our principal feature is the meetings of the women with the home demonstration agent. We like the present one very much and we feel that the lessons are practical and worthwhile. Some of the ladies from the north part of Franklin county come to our meetings. We used to have an all day meeting with a lunch at noon but now we meet in the afternoon only. Then too we have some Â·* church meetings that we attend. We are members of the German Baptist church at Sheffield. What do you do with the children after they finish the eighth grade? Send them to Sheffield or Swale- dale high school. They all go to one or the other. Sheffield has a good band in connection with the high school and country boys and girls belong and do well in. the organization. There are 36 members in the Sheffield band. We have a very good farm community here. DANGER LINE ON CHINCH BUG HERE S e c r e t a r y of Agriculture Warned Farmers of Crop Post. DES MOINES, May 9. UP)--This week marks the danger line for chinch bugs, Secretary of Agriculture Ray Murray warned today. "Egg laying will begin within a few days," he said. "Weather conditions have been extremely favorable for the chinch bugs to leave their hibernating quarters for the small grain fields. . "Unless heavy rains destroy immense numbers during the period of egg laying and hatching, Iowa will suffer tremendous losses from chinch bug infestations this year. Destroy Fields. "At their worst, chinch Dugs often destroy entire fields of small grain and corn. The ravages of the present chinch bug- outbreak in Iowa have been exceeded only by the noted outbreak in 1887. "Chinch bug outbreaks often last for a period of two to five years or longer, sometimes only a single season. The seriousness of the present outbreak depends greatly upon weather conditions during the next five or six weeks. Heavy Rains Needed. , "Heavy rains during the hatching and egg laying period often destroy a great number of chinch bugf." Â· The bugs started to leave their winter quarters in large numbers the middle part of April, Murray said, and since then have been migrating to wheat, barley and oat fields. They now are widely scattered in the small grain fields, preparatory to the egg laying season, he asserted. ers and 10,491 non-owners of farms. Eighty-two out of every 100 tenant families carry water from the well to the house as compared to only 71 owner-operators. The tenants carry water an average of 105 feet, or about 30 feet farther than the people who own their own farms, the report stated. Thirty-two per cent of the owners, or nearly twice as many as non- owners, have piped cold water. Only 8 per cent of the non-owners have piped hot water systems as compared to 20 per cent of the owners. Seen Through a Windshield By A. P. Owner Operated Farms in Better Repair in Iowa, Survey Shows AMES, May 9.--That owner-operated farms have a higher per- osntage of houses in good condition and a larger number of lighting, sanitary and other conveniences than do tenant-operated farm?, is indicated by the CWA rural housing survey conducted in 10 Iowa counties the past winter. The report of the survey conducted under the direction of Dr. Margaret Reid of the department of economics, Iowa State college, includes information' from 8,298 own- --Community garden workers industriously planting their plots and finding it grimy work. --Prohibited parking places in Nora Springs indicated by the word No! in red paint. Very effective. --Zero hour in Mason City 3:30 to 4:30 a. m. Parties broken up, rounders gone to bed, dawn showing in the east, robins chirping noisily, too early for milkmen, lone cab coming from early train and unnatural quiet on main traffic streets. --Two discarded gasoline tanks used on the Carroll farm on south edge of Mason township. Capacity between 2,000 and 3,000 bushels. Rat proof, weather proof, lightning proof, and almost wind proof. Stand on a gravel base and cost less than if built of any other material. --Footprints and wheelmarks in growing oats indicate the need of deeper covering for sown grain in this dry spring. Big argument for press drill. --Plum trees in bloom and farmers planting corn May 2. Not a bad spring after all the discomfort and discouragements. --Genuine, antique pile bridge between sections 8 and 9 in' Bath township--the kind the threshermen used to plank before venturing on. Pile supports, pile abutments with plank aprons, plank floor, wooden railings 'neverything. Souvenir of early days. --Proud cock pheasant leisurely strolling across the road. Evidently hasn't lived near a paved road. --Ornamental, curved cobblestone approach to farmyard entrance from highway. Evidently picked up from the super-abundance of them on the graveled highway which the grader blade has kindly pushed to the side of the road. To. be seen in section 5, Bath. PLAN PREVENTION OF SOIL EROSION Seen as Successful Aid to Rural Rehabilitation Efforts. Work to prevent soil erosion and flood damage can be made more effective if the rural rehabilitation program is fitted in with the programs of other governmental agencies working along these lines, Dr. J. Phil Campbell, of the agricultural adjustment administration, told the conference of Mid-West State Relief Directors in Indianapolis, Ind., this week. Dr. Campbell said that many streams have been dried up because of destruction of forests and natural grasses. With loss of grass and woodlands, rainfall which formerly was held by the vegetation and sank into the soil, to feed springs and streams at a distance, now races off on the surface, dries up the source of many streams, as well as washes away fertile soil and causes floods to alternate with disastrous low-water condition, Dr. Campbell said. The agricultural adjustment administration is recommending permanent pasture and tree-planting on land taken out of crop- production in the acreage adjustment programs. Dr. Campbell suggested that mauy rural families on relief might be allowed subsistence land in exchange for their labor in planting "strip." PULSE OF I THE FARM ~Bj Uw Farm Editor"TM HAVE YOU GOT YOUR GARDEN SEEDS? A picture in a Sunday paper shows the secretary of an Iowa congressman looking at a pile of several thousand packages of garden seeds that he is about to send free to his constituents. Multiply this by the number of members of congress and one can get some idea of the size of this--sop, shall I call it? Many years ago, a bill was pu 1 through congress that may hav been commendable at first. By ii "rare and valuable" seeds and plants were to be sent out to con stituents, mostly farmers, and they were asked to report the results fo: the benefit of agriculture in general Look over your packages and see if there is anything "rare and valu able." Possibly the recipient may have a little .more kindly feeling toward to J. C. Bitterman Will Be Superintendent of Sears Travel Bureau Friends of J. C. Bitterman, former Cerro Gordo county man but now of Madison, Wis., will be interested in the news that he has been offered and has accepted the position of superintendent of the travel bureau, in the Sears-Roebuck building at the World's fair, in Chicago. His work begins May 22 and continues to the close of the fair. The work will be similar to that in ;he position he held for 12 years at Madison, Wis., and it is through his reputation for efficiency there that this place was offered him. DROUGHT SCORES TELLING BLOW ON CROP PROSPECTS Pasture! and Hay Already Seriously Injured in Iowa, Says Reed. DES MOINES, May 9. JB-Drought has delivered telling blows at Iowa agricultural prospects, Director Charles D. Reed of the state weather and crop bureau reported oday. Pastures and hay have suffered serious injury, Reed said in his weekly report, and even alfalfa shows the effects of the drought. ..ack of pasture kept stock on win- :er feed and there was a serious shortage of feed in some counties. Serious Damage. Oats, barley, spring wheat and winter wheat, Reed said, are "at the hreshold of serious damage" but ,ould be saved by good, early rains, accept where destroyed by chinch 3Ugs. Damage in the large produc- ng central and northern counties vas not considered irreparable. Corn planting went forward siow- y as the hot spell continued and much that was planted one or two weeks ago has not germinated in the dry dust, it was found. Some corn vhich was planted early or deep is up and in a few fields was showing rows. Reed sounded a note of encouragement for planters, however, by citing the experience that an Iowa corn crop rarely has been hurt by a dry May, and said if all the corn were planted now and general rain should fall on the heated ground "onditions would be ideal. Report Gardens Failing. Prospects for the fruit crop as :he trees passed through the blooming stage were considered good but gardens were reported failing and potatoes were making slow growth. Young pigs are suffering from the heat, Reed was advised, and adequate water suply for hogs and other farm animals has become a serous problem. Sheep shearing got under way with prices listed as very low congressman because he has been thus signally honored but it is a ?art of the cost of government and it halps make up the annual postal deficit. RURAL HOUSING SURVEY ON I have just read the report of the rural housing survey of Mitchell county. Probably Mitchell is as well loused as any north Iowa county. It irks me. to read such reports because the inference is that farmers need to be urged to pipe water into the house, buy a furnace, have a drain to the sink and use a bath tub. When we consider that one-half ie farms in north Iowa are rented, that renters change farms every few years, that the owner has little or nothing left after paying taxes and upkeep, it is easy to see why houses go unpainted, fences become dilapidated and necessities of town environment become luxuries of larm life. Give the farmer an income that leaves a surplus and he will not need to be told what to buy to make life more comfortable. HIGH AND LOW PRICES Prices are high or low relatively. The year 1894 was a depression year. A market report of that year shows wheat 40c, corn 26c, oats 27c, best hogs. S4.75, flour, 8oc to ?1.10, butter 12c, eggs 9c, potatoes 85c. Most of these prices except hogs seem low but a tax receipt in Cerro Gordo county for that year on a good 120 acre well improved farm, showed the taxes to be less than S30. If our private expenses were as low as our public expenditures the above prices were high. Trees, Bushes Planted. DECORAH. May 9.--Elm trees and lilac bushes are being planted below the new dyke along the creek in South Decorah. This property was recently purchased from Pat Ronan by the city for constructing a new well. Nearly 80 lilac bushes were planted below the dyke to beautify the grounds. Five courses were given in Kentucky recently to teach instructors in state agricultural institutions how to grade tobacco according to standards of the department of agri culture. PLANT EXPLORING INTERESTING JOB, RYERSON STATES It's Necessary, However, to "Bring'em Back Alive," He Maintains. Approach of the commencement season is reflected each year in an increase ta the number of letters which reach the U. S, department of agriculture, asking about agricultural exploring as a career, what the job is, how to qualify, and what the future prospects are. Khowles A. Ryerson, who was in charge of the plant exploration work of the department before his promotion to chief of the bureau of plant industry, recognizes such ambition as the natural outcropping of adventurous spirits, and he sympathizes with the boy whose mind is turning that way. He knows, too, that there is a long road ahead of any aspiring plant hunter, and that in the end only a few will reach that particular goal. But there are dozens of other career highways branching off from this one, and the boy who starts toward fitting himself for plant hunting may discover another and no less fascinating and interesting goal in work with plants that will keep him close at home. Must Love Plants. " "An agricultural explorer," says Mr. Ryerson,' "has to be a natural plant lover and must have studied botany and other plant subjects, and must have worlceS with plants In the field and garden. In addition, he must have a good general education as well as sound technical knowledge. He must have certain other indispensable qualities--robust health and a good sense of humor. He must not only stand hard traveling in rugged countries day after day, but must be able to go to bed on an empty stomach after a trying day's work and sleep on a rough box without feeling abused. "Ten years ago a disease nearly wiped out the sugar industry in Louisiana. The first relief came when the Department of Agriculture imported from Java sugar cane varieties resistant to the disease. Then E. W. Brandes, of the Department, went into the interior of the Island of Papua, north of Australia leading a small party that traveled by airplane into areas where white men had rarely if ever penetrated, searching for varieties of wild cane which would provide breeding stock for sugarcanes which would be immune to the mosaic disease. Searched Mountains. "Other explorers have searched the mountains of South America for the wild relatives of our white potato, looking not so much for potato plants that would be desirable as new varieties, but more for breeding stock which would supply resistance to diseases in crosses with varieties that are desirable market plants but subject to disease. "In many alfalfa regions bacterial wilt is causing severe losses. An effort is being made to find disease- resistant types that can be used in developing new varieties suitable in these areas. Plant explorers hunted through the alfalfa fields of. Turkestan, the hills of Persia, the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, and some of the oases of Algeria. They have also climbed the Sierra Nevadas of Spain where they rise back of the splendid Moorish Palace of the Alhambra at Granada. "An explorer's eye is ever on the alert for useful plants may be found in the most unusual spots. Valuable plant treasures have been found along railroad embankments, in old cemeteries, hotels courtyards, town squares and public markets. Is Big Job. "It is one' thing to find a new plant in its native home. It is another to get it to a new home in our country. The plant explorer must know what method of reproduction and propagation is most likely to prove effective in getting the plant to grow here--and then he may try two or three methods, packing living plants, scions for grafting, and seeds from the plant, hoping 1 that if one method fails another may succeed. Our plant explorers have devised special methods of packing and shipping which enable them to get home with a relatively large proportion of living plants. "In one way our plant explorers have covered a good part of the world in their searches. But science is rapidly opening up a new way, and it is already evident that this is going to make the job of the well trained plant explorer even more essential. Science has opened a whole new field for plant explorers. When Mark Carlton went to Russia for durum wheat he was looking for a finished product, a superior wheat which, just as it grew in Russia, would provide a valuable crop when planted in Dakota fields. Since that time plant science has made long strides in the study of the heredity of plants. It is only a little more than 30 years ago that the Men- delian law was rediscovered, and it is since that time that plant science has advanced rapidly in the breeding of plant varieties having: definite characteristics that are required by the farmer," "The plant hunters are the men who 'bring 'em back alive' in the plant world, just as certain big game hunters do with animals, but their finds are not for exhibition pur- poses only. Their quarry is for use on farms and gardens. Would-be plant explorers can look at the results of plant exploration in their own .neighborhoods. 'In the dry northern Great Plains region durum and certain hard red spring wheats are growing. These crops, well adapted to these conditions, are largely the result of exploration in Russia and Siberia 30 years ago by Mark Carlton, a plant explorer of the U. S. department of agriculture. Soybeans are now an important crop in a wide area. Several explorers have brought back from the Orient the varieties from which outmost important types have been developed. Recently P. H. Dorsett and W. J. Morse - returned from a 3 year trip with almost 4,000 strains and types now under trial in various parts of this country. Brought 'em Baclt. In Southern California and Arizona the date palm is becoming an increasingly important crop. Several explorers, David Fairchild, Thomas Kearney, Prof. Silas C. Mason, Walter Swingle and Roy Nixon, brought back choice varieties from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Tunis, Algiers and Morocco to establish a new industry in our desert regions. Introduction of the Smyrna fig involved a real novelty in plant exploration. Figs planted here did not set fruit, and it proved necessary to send another explorer to the Near East to bring back specimens of the insect that fertilizes the bearing figs by carrying to them the pollen from the capriflgs. "The Chinese elm provides shade on farms from Canada to Mexico in areas a little too dry for the American elm, and is also a valuable ornamental tree in moister areas. It was brought to America by Frank Meyer who hunted plants in Asia for several years. On one of his expeditions he walked more than 10,000 miles, starting in Russian Turkestan and ending on the Pacific. On his last expedition he drowned in the muddy waters of the Yangtze river. HOG MANGE IN IOWA INCREASES More Prevalent Now Than in Previous Years, Says Boyts. By HARRY J. BOYTS Live Stock Commissioner, Sioux City, Iowa. Hog manage is more prevalent now than it has been in previous years. Slaughter records show that many hogs are discounted by the packers because of mange. First quality cuts of meat can not be produced from mangy hogs as the rough skin must all be trimmed off. Mites causing mange burrow Into the skin, lay eggs there and hatch out more mites. These small parasites are about 1-50 of an inch long. They cause irritation and destroy the function of the skin. Mange tends to produce unthrifty runty, poor feeding and unsalable hogs. The use of hog oilers and wallows aid in controlling both mange and lice, but.dipping is more effective as the entire body is covered. Crankcase oil is very efficient to use in treating mange. Crude petrolem and coal-tar cresote dips are effective remedies. The proper interval between dip- pings is from fourteen to sixteen Bays. One part of lime-sulphur and twenty parts of warm water solution applied four or five consecutive weeks will control mange. Premises should be cleaned and disinfected. The best information about the treatment, control and eradication of hog mange is found in United States department of agriculture bulletin No. 1085. A copy of this pamphlet may be procured from your county agent, vocational agricultural teacher, or Sioux City Live Stock Sanitary Board. PRUNING NEEDED WITH SHRUBS IN HOME LANDSCAPE Action Needed to Give Root System Opportunity to Develop. AMES, May 9.--Farmers who use native shrubs and trees about their home grounds should prune them severely after the transplanting, said Norman Morris, extension landscape architect at Iowa State college here yesterday. Such pruning is necessary, he said, to give root systems a chance to develop and to reduce the amount of water used by plants until they have had a chance to become established. Are Landscaping. Mr. Morris pointed out that the CWA rural housing survey recentlv conducted in Iowa showed that little more than three-fourths of the farm homes have landscaped plantings. A good lawn and attractive trees and shrubs, he added may be had by farmers at little or no cost. Many native shrubs and trees may be used, although So or $10 worth of nursery shrubs will completely landscape the average home. Mr. Morris suggested drawing up a landscape plan before starting to plant. "Plant materials should be used," he explained, "so that they attract attention to the home and not to themselves alone. Many homes can be improved by merely re-locating plants afready on the grounds. Around' Foundation. Shrubs are used around the foundations of a house to "tie it to the landscape," in borders around the boundaries of the lawn or along fences, as screens and as backgrounds for flower plantings or other features. "Flowers are best used as a part of the foundation planting or in the border," explained Mr. Morris. "They detract from the general appearance when planted in the middle of the lawn in circular beds or in other illogical and unexpected places." Dallas County Asks for Early Action on Corn-Hog Contracts PERRY, May 9. (.B--The Dallas county corn-hog allotment committee has asked Secretary of Agriculture Wallace to expedite distribution of 109 early payment corn-hog contracts for Dallas county farmers, Don Fish, county agent and secretary of the committee, said today. "We are at a standstill until statisticians can tell us what to do next," said Fish. "In the meantime the spring pig farrowing time has come and gone and the corn is being planted. We are assuming that the statistical division will not order any sweeping 1 changes in production quotas and allotments in view of the situation." The Tokyo, Japan, stock exchange has reported that the value of stocks traded there gained nearly .$85,000,000 in February. YOUR BEST MARKET HIDES and WOOL Wolf Bros. 310 Fifth St. S. W. DEAD Animals of All Kinds Removed Mason City Rendering Co. We pay phone calls. Phone 1096 FOR SALE PURE BRED TAMWORTH BOARS LEIGH R. CURRAN Phone 20F22 Route 3 We Pay More for HIDES AND WOOL --See-CARL STEIN Before You Sflt An aerial survey for mineral deposits is to be made in Australia. DELCO-LIGHT COMPLETE SERVICE PARTS, BATTERIES PLANTS WATER PUMPS Central Battery Electric Company Notice to FARMERS You can obtain John Deere repairs at this store, as we will stay open until 9:00 Saturday nights. CERRO GORDO IMPLEMENT CO. Phone 444 115 8th St. S. E. A REAL BARGAIN Two new Model .D, one used standard, tread and one wide tread John Deere Tractors at very attractive .prices.. 100 bushels of Soy Beans at $1.50 a bushel. While they last. Cerro Gordo Implement Co. Fhone tit 115 8th St. S. K.