The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 16, 1944 · Page 1
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March 16, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, March 16, 1944
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CGV.P D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E ? WO I H E 3 I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT GIVE MOBS IN'44 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL. L Associated Press and United Press Full Wires (Five Centi a Copy) MASON CITY. IOWA, THURSDAY, MARCH 16, 1914 This Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section One NO. i~38 Ruins Delay Allies in Advance Into Cassino SOME IRMANS* HOLDING OUT IN WRECKEDTOWN Nazi Mortar Fire Hinders Efforts to Clear Away Debris Allied Headquarters. Naples, f.'P) -- Covered by a thundering artil- -lery barrage, 5th army infantry and tanks plunged into the ghost city of Cassino Thursday but allied headquarters said the advance was impeded by continuing German resistance and the ruins left by Wednesday's record aerial bombardment. The e n o r m o u s destruction wrought by the weight of some 2,500 tons of bombs actually delayed allied armor. From surrounding hills the Germans were laying down heavy mortar fire on the town to hinder sappers struggling to clear the debris. Steady progress was reported however, both in · the devastated cily and in the hills to the northwest. As the troops drove into the piles of wildly-churned rubble lef by history's most concentrated ail attack, several hundred British am American artillery pieces poundec the enemy back. On the beachhead below Rome allied ground forces also were 01 the move, taking 2 German de fense pints and holding them against forceful enemy counterattacks. Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker, co'm- . mander of the Mediterranean allied air forces, called the Cassino bombardment "a fumigation" and expressed the belief few enemy defenses were left intact." · On t h e basis of information available at headquarters Thursday morning it was certain some Germans still were holding out in Ihe immediate vicinity of Cassino but whether remnants remained in the town itself was not immediately determined. It was known. however, that there were many underground hideaways in the town. At any rate, file Germans were obeying Hitler's orders that this key strongpoint on the way to Rome must be held at all costs and were fighting to the end, official reports indicated. In the northwest hills where allied infantry \v a s penclratin the Germans still hold many strongpoints immediately adjacent to the town. The enemy was reported fighting stubbornly from these points, many o£ which arc concrete emplacements reinforcec by steel plate similar to that used in tanks. Lt. Charles M. Kerancn, ar air support officer who observed the Cassino attack from the ground said: "Just as the second wave o! heavy bombers came into sight I [lines along the beachhead peri- Tieter. During the height of the air Jttack on Cassino Wednesday, the ermans rocked French forces vith a strong assault 5 miles north of the battered city but cven- ually were repulsed. Another enemy assault blunted itself against an Indian army formation iear Cassino with heavy .casual- ies. Some prisoners were taken iu patrol actions on both the 5th army and 8th army fronts. Increased enemy shelling by night ,vas noted in 2 8th army sectors. Allied aircraft made far-rang- ng attacks Wednesday. Spitfires aombed Durazzo harbor in Albania, h i t t i n g the jetty, and also attacked ammunition dumps north of Rome and small ports alon the Italian west coast. Light and medium bombers attacked the railway station at San Benedetto, on Italy's Adriatic coast, and Kittyhawks bombed the railroad west of Terni, above Home. saw 20 German soldiers dash from a building at the south end of town. They were running like mad for s o m e dugouts outside town." In the 2,500 sorties sent agains Cassino and other targets in Italj Wednesday, the allied air force; lost G planes, it was announcec officially. Although 5th army forces on the beachhead threw back (irst enemy efforts to regain the 2 enemy strongpoints taken Wednesday southwest of Carroceto, latest reports Thursday said fighting still was going on under harassing enemy artillery fire. The Germans were said to be using a new "grappling device" in an effort to explode allied * * Allied Airmen Blast Jap Supply Bases By RICHARD C. BERGIIOLZ Associated Press War Editor A 350 mile segment of Japan", southwest Pacific defense line wa ripped with a 500 ton air smash Gen. Douglas MacArthur com munkiued Thursday, while Amor ican flyers in the central Pacifi' picked oul a new target--Orolul ' toll--in_ the eastern Carolines. From Wewak, New Guinea, to he west to Bougainville, Solomon slands, on the east, southwest 'acific airmen had a field day. blastin.tr bomb-cratered Japanese apply bases, starting fires and destroying vital ground installa- ions. For the 4th straight day, Wewak, nain enemy supply and air base northern New Guinea, was Jounded by allied flyers Monday. Sight interceptors w'ere shot down when they tried to dull the 170 ton blow. More than 600 tons of explosives have been poured into Wewak's defenses during the 4- day assault. The communique reported other heavy raids on enemy positions, including a 68-ton blast at Rabaul. New Britain, and a 123- ton strike supporting ground troops repelling suicidal Japanese lunges at Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville. Two of the heroes of earlier raids on Wewak ivere scratched from the active roll when headquarters listed Col. Near] Kearby, San Antonio. Texas, credited with 21 enemy plane victims, as miss- ins in action, and Lt. Col. Thomas Lynch, Catasaqua, Pa., 19 plane ace, as killed in action. Adm. Chester W. Nimilz. allied commander-in-chief in the Pacific, accompanied by Lt. Gen Robert Richardson, central Pacific army commander, returnee from Washington conferences and announced navy planes on Monday hit Oroluk for the first time in the war. The small atoll lies 190 miles east of Truk. Other planes smashed Japanese on Ponape and Kusaie in the eastern Carolines and 4 out-flanked enemy bases in the eastern Marshalls. In northern Burma, a drive by Chinese troops to clear the H u k a w n g valley brought the capture of a small village south of Walaubum and placed them almost in the Mogaung valley, through which run key Japanese communication lines. SOVIET TROOPS CROSS MIDDLE BUG, PUSH ON New Disasters Are Piled Up for German Troops in Ukraine BULLETIN' London. (/P)--Red army troops lave cautured Vapnyarka. cutting the Lwow-Odessa railroad. Premier Marshal Stalin announced Thursday night. A vigorous attack by lank and infantry formations smashed into the railroad junction, 25 miles east of the Bessarabian border, said an order of the day broadcast from Moscow. London, (JPl--Red army troops have smashed across ihe middle Bug river and sent spearheads w i t h i n 30 miles o£ the pre-war Rumanian border, Moscow announced Thursday, opening the way for a drive down the Bug's west bank that would offer grave new t h r e a t to the already hard-pressed Germans in lower Russia. Elsewhere on the long front, a soviet communique said, the Russians continued to pile up disas- i ter for the hundreds of thousands, of Germans in the Ukraine, smashing to w i t h i n 17 miles of the large Black Sea port of Nikolaev Hi the eastern bank of the lower Bug. and slaying thousands more if the trapped Germans in the inigerevka pocket north of Kher- on. The crossing of the Bug. the mlletin said, was made southwest of Uman by Marshal Ivan S. Konev's 2nd Ukraine army, which ripped over on a 63-mile front and then hurtled forward for 12 and 18 mile gains toward the Dniester river frontier of Bessar- abia, sweeping up 100 villages in the surge. Using even empty barrels as rafts Koncv's forces leaped the river between Nemirov, 23 miles southeast of Vinnitsa, and Gaiv- F. R. Calls on Finland to Quit Nazis Washington, (U.R) -- President Roosevelt Thursday put new pressure on Finland to withdraw from her " h a t e f u l partnership" with nazi Germany. Mr. Roosevelt issued a statement voicing the sincere "hope Finland will now take the oppor- t u n i t y to disassociate herself from Germany." ' Mr. Roosevelt's statement, issued w h i l e Russian-Finnish negotiations were still hanging fire. said: "It lias always seemed odd 1o me and to the people of ihe United Stales to find Finland a partner of nazi Germany, fighting side by side with the sworn enemies of our civilization. '·The Finnish people now have i chance to withdraw from this lateful partnership. The longer they slay at Germany's side the more sorrow and suffering is bound to come to them. Yank Bombers Blast South Germany After Attacks by 1,000 RAF Craft Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. oron, 62 miles southwest oE Uman. The Russians also reported the capture of Olgopol, only 15 miles from the Odessa-Warsaw rail line, already cut 200 miles to the northwest at Tarnopol. Moscow said soviet troops were "successfully exterminating" the trapped German forces trying to get out of the Snigerevka trap, 45 miles northeast of Nikolaev. The Russians also announced the capture of Bere/.negovatoye and Snikerevka, hinges of the trap between the Ingul and In- gulets river. The capture of the rail station of Kopany brought the Russians within 17 miles of Nikolaev, which was virtually cut off by water and threatened from .1 sides on the land. The fall of Nikolaev would menace German troops retreating from · N'ovo Ukrainka. Nikolaev is but C5 miles northeast of the nazi's main supply- base at Odessa. North o£ the Bug river crossing, the red army took Pisarevka, only G miles southeast of the German stronghold of Vinnitsa, the soviet bulletin said, while further north , on the Proskurov front near the ] old Polish border. 1,500 Germans were reported k i l l e d in vain counterattacks. The soviet communique again failed to mention f i g h t i n g at Tarnopol, the hinge between Ihe German southern and central fronts, where fighting has raged for a week. But the Bug river crossing might neutralize the German stand there, giving the Russians quicker access to routes into Rumania. t h i n k I can speak for all Americans when 1 say that we sincerely hope Finland will now lake the opportunity to disassociate herself from Germany." * Finns Dig In for Last Ditch Fight London. (.P) -- Warned by a British broadcast that she faces "the most momentous decision of her history," Finland was reported drafting a negative reply Thursday to Moscow's peace pi;o- posals and wearily digging in for a last-ditch fight beside the Germans. A Helsinki c o m in u n i 4 u e Wednesday night said that the Finnish parliament had unanimously approved a motion "(o return to the order of the day"--a move tantamount to approval o] the Finnish government's rejection of the soviet terms. At almost the same time tha parliament was considering the question of peace or war, a BBC broadcast, obviously officially approved, gave what it called "fina warning" to the Finns to accep Moscow's "moderate" terms ano get out of the war at once or faci the prospect of "national suicide.' "To reject the terms will be t court national disaster," said th broadcast, directed to the peopl of Finland, "to accept means th survival of Finland as an inde pendent sovereign state." The British appeal to the Finn said "The world at large--notabl; America and Sweden--regards th armistice terms as acceptable an in the circumstances even moder ale. It regards them as such in th light of facts which Finnish ccn sorship has kept from you. "The Finnish people must de cide whether to accept the armi: tice terms for which the Finnis government asked and thereby re tain the sovereignty and indcpenc ence of the Finnish state or rejcc the terms and thereby court th f u l l horrors of war." The statement declared that "the f i n a l defeat of Germany is at hand" and asserted that "the world regards you (Finland) as the aggressor nation." A dispatch irom Stockholm said it was expected there that Finland's f i n a l reply would be forwarded to Moscow Saturday or Sunday. From Helsinki, Associated Press Correspondent Edwin Shanke reported that the Finns were preparing everywhere for resumption of hostilities. "Pessimism predominated in Helsinki, 1 ' he snid. POLICE NAIJ ILLEGAL LIQUOR--Officer William Palenyk is shown in the office of Police Chief Harold Wolfe, with some of the haul of illegal liquor taken early Thursday evening when Capt. Leo Risacher arrested 2 Des Monies men as they parked their car with the load. Many kinds of liquor, all bearing Minnesota seals, were taken in the haul. Unbroken cases ot" licjuor are shown in the background as well as sacks of various kinds of liquor from broken cases. (Lock photo, Kayenay engraving) 20 Cases of Liquor Seized Here; Des Moines Men Held A liquor .haul of approximately 20 cases of Bourbon King, Havana Cuban .rum, .Puerto Rican rurri. Polar Club .dry gin, B. L.. Scotch whiskies, and Club Royal Bourbon, all packed in cases and sacks-in --- ------ *a 1941 DeSota business coupe, was made by police at 1:13 a. m. Thursday. Ralph Blackburn, 30. DCS "Moines salesman, and Joe F. Gilespie. 32, Des Moines tavern operator, arc being held in the c i t y jail here in connection with the liquor h a u l . They are charged with illegal transportation of NAZI FIGHTERS RESTRICTED BY SNOW, CLOUDS "Great Strength" of American Planes Participate in Raid London, (fl'i--Bearing down on southern Germany in great strength, U. S. heavy bombers struck a n o t h e r hard blow Thursday in quick sequence to a record night attack by the RAF which hit S t u t t g a r t . Munich and other targets w i t h more h u n 1,000 4- enKincd bombers carrying over 3,3(iO tons of bombs. It was the U. S. strategic ail- forces' 2nd aerial invasion o£ Germany in as many days. First detailed accounts of the smash came from the German radio which said widespread falls of snow and close cloud caused great difficulties in getting fighters off the ground to meet the onslaught. Nevertheless, the German reports said, fierce air battles took place along the bombers' course over eastern France and western German provinces. Similar radio accounts Wednesday, however, dwindled off into emphasis on the cloudy weather and it developed that only a small Tells Rescue Squads to Mind Own Business Boston. U.P.»--George H o w a r d , 77, looked clown on the crowded street as f i r e rescue squads erected ladders toward him nnd told the policemen who sought to coax him from his precarious perch on a -Ith floor window sill to mind their own business. "I'm only frxing this broken window cord," he explained. ALLIES SMASH AT CASSINO -- Following one of the greatest concentrated bombings of the war, allied infantry and artillery drove against the German strongpoint o"f Cassino blocking tho road to Rome. Arrows indicate allied drives on both Italian baltlefrouts (black lines). On the beachhead south of Rome. British forces improved their positions south of Carroceto. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Light snow Thursday afternoon, becoming p a r t l y cloudy and colder Thursday night: 1 o \v c s t temperature Thursday night in Mason City IS: Friday partly cloudy with rising temperatures. Iowa: Partly cloudy Thursday night, becoming mostly fair Friday; slightly colder Thursday night, warmer Friday. M i n n e s o t a : Partly cloudy to cloudy Thursday night and Friday. Snow flurries extreme north portion Thursday night and north portion F r i d a y . Slightly colder southeast portion Thursday night; colder north portion Friday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday 32 Minimum Wednesday n i g h t 26 At 8 a. m. Thursday 26 2 CAPTURED AFTER ESCAPE 2 Trusties at Anamosa Farm Quickly Caught Anamosa, (U.R)--TW T O trusties al the state reformatory escaped from a prison f a r m Wednesday after locking the f a r m manager's wife in the basement, but were arrested 45 minutes later while hiding in n p r i v a t e garage at Marion Iowa. 20 miles west of here. Warden Foss Davis said the mer were Albert Beckner. 26, serving a 10-ycsr sentence for robbery and Lloyd Sclby, 20. serving I years for malicious mischief. It was the 4th break from the reformatory or its f o r m s this year All 10 prisoners involved in the other breaks were rccaplurcc w i t h i n 3(i hours. An investigation of the rcforma lory, ordered by Gov. B. B. Hick- cnlooper as a result of the previou: breaks, is scheduled to be con eluded this week. Snow Prccip. YEAR AGO. M a x i m u m M i n i m u m R a i n ± inch .01 inch fi .!B First t h u n d e r of year, also trace of snow. Claims Man Bit His Nose; Asks $50,000 Indianapolis, Ind.. (U.R)--Dewe; F. Campbell, a hotel clerk, ha filed suit for S50.000 against Rog er Ferguson. Detroit, and th Socony-Vacuum Oil company fo damages to the end of his nose Campbell charged that Fersuison an agent Tor the oil firm, bit the i end of his no.^c when he told him there were no rooms available in i the hotel. ,ist Damage After !ar and Tank Collide Los Angeles, (if)---An automo- ile and a Ifi ton army tank folded at an intersection, injuring ie car's 5 occupants. Police traf- ic investigators reported: "Estimated damage to automobile, 800; to t a n k . Si'' GETS SILVER WINGS Iowa Falls--Glen T. Newman on of Mr. and Mrs. P". R. Ncw- :ian, Iowa Falls, received his sil- 'cr wings and was commissioner 2nd l i e u t e n a n l at Pecos. Texas Sent Wife With $150 to Pay Income Tax; Hasn't Seen Her Since Milwaukee. (A'j--A y o u n g - m a n appeared at the office of the collector of internal revenue on the last day lor filing returns and asked for an extension of time in settling his federal income tax. Asked for n reason iie replied: "Well, it's this way. I sent my wife up here with S150 to pay our la.xcs and, well, I haven't seen her since.'' liquor. Capt. Leo Risacher of the Mason City police department, arrested the men as they parked t h e i r car at 3rd and N. Federal. The captain talked with the men before they got out of the car when he became suspicious of the load. Although they had 2 pistols in the glove compartment of the car, the men offered no resistance. Officers William Pal- enyk and Ed Christensen assisted in the arrest of the 2 men. Ail of the liquor bore Minnesota seals. It was believed by police that the liquor was en- route to Des Moines. A preliminary hearing will be held for Blackburn and Gtlliespie before Police Judge Morris Laird Thursday afternoon, with County Attorney M. L. Mason appearing for the state. Within t h e past week 2 other hauls of Minnesota liquor were made i n ' N o r t h Iowa by the lov.-a State highway patrol. Engineer Dies at Throttle of Train Dublin oc. l.'Ti -- A heart attack caused the death early Thursday of W i l l i a m F. Bach, 57. a M i l w a u - kee railroad engineer, at the throttle of a freight train engine in the Dubuque yards. His fireman, noticing t h a t the train, which was moving slowly, was jerking, said Bach, \vhoso home was in Dubuque, slumped over and stopped the locomotive. Coroner F. S. Leonard ruled un inquest was unnecessary. New Type of Nazi Plane Encountered by U. S. Bombers London. (Lf.R) -- A new type of German plane--a foiir-engined. twin-tailed fighter--was reported by some American pilots to have risen to challenge Thursday's United States air raid on the reieh. One formation of flying fortresses also met heavy resistance from about 100 twin-engined ficht- ers which fired rockets. Most of the formations of American bombers, however, met little enemy opposition in the air. WANTS TO CONTRIBUTE Philadelphia. (fP) -- Eleventh hour mail at the deputy collector of i n t e r n a l revenue's office included a S10 check from a Chinese who sniii""hc d i d n ' t owe any tax but wanted to "contribute to the government." defensive force was able to meet Ihe challenge when the Americans bombed the aircraft production center of Brunswick with a loss of 3 heavy planes. Thursday's sally was officially described as in "great strength," contrast to Wednesday's "medium" force whose fighters shot down 36 of these enemy fighters. The bombers Wednesday claimed none. Stuttgart received the main shock of the RAF's weight. At the same time that this important industrial target, 300 miles southeast of Berlin and 450 miles southeast of London, was being ground to pieces by the impact of the terrific load, other British airmen hit at Munich in southwest Germany, other targets in northwest G c r m a n y and smashed at railway objectives in Amiens, F r a n c e, with their heavy bombers. Forty British aircraft, following up the blow at the aircraft center of Brunswick Wednesday by the American fortress and liberator fleets, were lost in the huge night invasion «f t h e German air. "The weather prevented imme- d i a t e observation of the results, but towards the end of the attack the glow of large fires \vcre seen through the clouds," the air ministry said in announcing the Stuttgart attack. Only a few hours after the RAF returned from the multiple attack, a big force of American bombers roared out across the English channel to continue the onslaught by daylight. Meanwhile a l l i e d headquarters announcements from Naples rep o r t e d a two-way operation against Germany and her satellites w i t h n heavy and medium bomber attack from I t a l y Wednesday night a g a i n s t Sofia, capital of B u l g a r i a , followed by a .raid ! in force by HAF Wellingtons which r a i n e d two-ton blockbusters on that main junction in Hitler's B a l k a n rail network--now doubly vital for the German forces in Russia. Dispatches from Naples said it was believed t h a t the railway was severed at least temporarily. The record l o a d un a single target--2,800 short tons--which was tossed on Berlin on Feb. 15 may have been exceeded in the hammering of Stuttgart, a manufacturing center of ball bearings, Daimler-Benz engines and Bosch ignition and electrical appliances, although the air ministry did not specifically say thai a new mark had been sel. HIT I 5 K K I . I N IN DAYLIGHT RAID--This -spectacular picture was taken a.s hundred* of U. S. army bombers blasted Berlin in that large-scale daylight air raid on March 6. The Yanks knocked down 83 German fighter planes. Smoke below is from bomb hits. I Kny War Savings Rnnds and ! Stamps from your Globe-Gazette i carrier boy.

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