The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 28, 1943 · Page 1
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January 28, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, January 28, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH iOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EDITION [TTTTTTi MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY28TJ943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE _95 U. S. BOMBERS RAID NAZI LAND FOR FIRST TIME \ Campaign to "Bust Germany Wide Open" Is Opened by Allies LONDON, {/P)-- The RAF hit the -German city of Duesseldorf with several hundred tons o£ high explosives and. -incendiary bombs Wednesday night during the fourth allied aesial blow at the German war machine in two nights and a day, it was announced Thursday. * * * "Preliminary r e p o r t s on Wednesday night's raid on the · Rhmelaha by Lancasters and Halifa.ves show several' huh- · dred tons of high explosives and incendiary bombs were -dropped on Duesseldorf in 20 minutes." an authoritative statement said. * * * ' The air ministry had reported that six bombers were missing from a heavy attack on industrial objectives in the Rhineland, which continued a cycle of raids featured by the first U. S. air force assault on theifeich and the first bombing of Copenhagen. Duesseldorf, a center of transport and heavy industry in northwest Germany, is 160 mile's southwest of the Wilhetoshaven naval base which, with Emden, was heavily pounded Wednesday by United States heavy bombers. ..-· : :-£?·· V'.:*: :*· .*· ·. - .. ··· - tnumiattn, soocht to dferouit the effect or the American blows.; It declared that "a dar- lieht attempt under the cover of eland to bomb targets at Hel- goland bay ' \vas foiled by lighters and A A defenses." * * * Striking baclc by daylight, German, flyers attacked '-a southeast coast, town of England Wednesday morning, inflicting · considerable damage and some casualties. Some ; of Britain's biggest aircraft, Lancasters and Halifaxes each capable of carrying four two- ton blockbusters-- were officially reported to have participated in the blows against the Rhineland. The ministry described the attack as "heavy," but did not indicate the actual number of planes participating. The thunderous series of bombings was acclaimed. by Air Chief Marshall. Sir^Arthur Harris, head of the RAF bomber command, as the beginning of a campaign "to bust Germany wide open" * * * Psychologically the raids/Save weight to the historic parley between President Roosevelt and Prime. Minister ChnrchUl at Casablanca, where they" and their military leaders laid plans lor ' more intense prosecution of Hie war by land, sea and * * * 4i, ,?.l erlin radio reported that the RAF attack Wednesday night was directed against the north Uerman coastal area and said eight of the raiders were shot down-- indicating that the num- -_-- -- «..-..x.o JJWA nciijauiiu' probably was fairly large. V. S. BOMBERS POUND A1V WILHELMSHAVEN The same area was given a heavy pounding Wednesday as swarms of United States flying fortresses and liberators h a m - mered the naval base at Wilhelm- shav-en and related industries -at nearby Emden. While thc American planes. yere thus engaged, mosquito bombers of the RAF subjected the Uanish capital of Copenhagen to Ms first bombing, striking at fac- .* · * * * * *· · ·« Raid on Duesseldorf lories turning out war material for the Germans. The previous night British bombers, had: raided '· the German s ? f c o « M n t ! : and -the Um'-_ · ' - . ' . * ' * * "";.".-',.' Observers said the siepped- up allied air offensive, with the RAF carryingthe war 'lo Germany by night and the U. S. army air forces by day. would brins home to the German people «he fact that their oncc- vaunted air force no longer has control of the air in-the west. * * * : = It was expected that the raids on Europe by British-based* bombers soon would be supplemented by air attacks from neWIy-wbn allied bases in North Africa. The first all-American raid against Germany proper Wednesday involved a round-trip flight of some 800 miles for the flying fortresses which struck at Wilhelmshaven. The liberators carried out the assault on Emden in a surprise follow-up to this blow. Three of the American bombers failed to return from the forays which were carried out without fighter escort, but U. S. headquarters said the Americans shot down a number of German planes attempting to intercept them * * * Airmen who participated in ' the raids said they had encountered surprisingly little opposition, though the Germans maintained they had blunted the attack and shot down eight of the · raiders. * * * The main target of the RAF jombers which attacked Copen- lagen were factories engaged in :urning out Diesel engines for nazi submarines. Dispatches f r o m Stockholm, Sweden, said that two ig factories in the Danish capital had been set afire and that five persons were killed and 50 inured. It was feared, the Stockholm rc- orts said, that an examination of he ruins would disclose an even arger toll of casualties. Damage in the bombed sections 01 Copenhagen, these sources declared, necessitated the removal of some 7,000 persons to public buildings taken over as emergency .shelters. ARTIST'S IMPRESSION--Paul Frehm, artist, offers this * impression of the scenes as President Koosevelt, Prime ' Minister Winston Churchill, Generals Charles De Gaulle " French ' Monaco for that . . , ~ ~ . , . _ . . v c d are "·President "EooseveTt~^nd r 'Mi-; Report Hitler Turned Army Decisions Back to Generals Abandons Attempts to .Direct War by His Own "Intuition" LONDON, (U.R) -- Adolf Hitler faced by disaster in Russia, has abandoned attempts to direct the war by his own intuitio!) turned back the direction of military affairs to his generals reports from the French frontier said Thursday. * * * The German general staff, removed from control of military affairs after the German retreat from Moscow last winter, once again is making all the decisions, it was said. \t present, all the energies "of Germany's professional soldiers are concentrated 011 s a v i n c something from (he disastrous Russian campaign. ·S * v Among the decisions already taken by the general staff, it was said, was a plan for a retreat to a 1 50-mile defense line in Russia that would be based on Kursk thence run southward through Vh TM 1 TM" -- J No Icy Whiskers JERSEY CITY, N. J., (#)--Uncle Sam's soldiers serving in cold climates are being provided with beard clippers, the Jersey City quartermaster depot said Thursday, so they will not get ice in their whiskers. Lieut. Warren A. Pratt, purchasing and contracting officer, said sha%'ing can be "inconvenient and dangerous" in cold climates, and ice in your whiskers is no fun. Hence the G. I. clippers. Kharkov and end anchored Crimea. have its southern on Sevastopol in The reports said some military men in Germany felt that Hitler had waited too long to abandon intuition as a means of wagin- war. and there was reported to be considerable pessimism about the ability of the general staff to ex' i ; ) , c ,? tc ,'! lc German army from the d i f f i c u l t i e s into which Hitler had plunged it. *f ·£ .. Earlier reports had said that the defeat at Stalingrad was the factor that finally convinced Hitler that he had better leave the conduct of Ihe war to men who had developed their lives to military problems. ' ' * * # Hitler and a small group of nazi officials insisted on keeping the German army in front of Stalingrad until well into thc winter, giving the Russians lime to launch their counter-offensive. The prolonged siege of Stalingrad, it was said, was conducted against the advice of some of Germany's ablest generals who urged a retreat to gain time to regroup and re-equip the German armies for spring. The reports said Hitler was determined to capture Stalingrad at any cost to preserve his prestige with the German people whom he had told in a speech-'Stalingrad will be captured and you may be sure of that." Nazi Press Charges Russians Tricked Them in Concealing Power [ STOCKHOLM. t/P)--Thc Gcr- j m a n press is attempting to cx- ' plain defeats on the soviet front b^ declaring that the Russians tricked them, a Swedish correspondent reported Thursday. Russia's concealment of her real military power and skill in camouflage resulted in surprises for the Germans even during the second year of the campaign, thp press complained, Thc Russians were said lo have changed the names of many places, built new towns whose existence was kept secret and laid new railways which were not shown on any maps available to the Germans. Buy Mar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier b«y. Slicing of Bread Causes Revision in Classroom Activity KANSAS CITY, f/P)--W. H. Wagner's offer to let students sharpen bread knives in his woodworking class brought such a response that he wondered if some gadget couldn't be devised to help home-slicers. Now the boys all arc busy making flat boards with upright sides containing vertical slots. You put the bread between ihe uprights and the knife can't swerve and make the slice thick at one end and thin at the other. At 10 cents a contraption, the students have sold several hundred. TOJO: VICTORY IS SUDDENTHRUST TOWARD BUCK SEA REPORTED Reds Report Thousands More of Weary Nazis in Trap Meekly Surrender By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russia's .Caucasian armies were reported to have stormed back within 19 miles of the German- held Maikop oil fields in a surprise new thrust toward the Black sea Wednesday, while on the Stalingrad front a German general and several , thousand additional cold, war-weary troops were said to have meekly surrendered. Soviet dispatches indicated that scarcely more than 6.000 axis soldiers were left out of Adolf Hitler's original, siege army of 220,000 caught in the red army trap * BRITISH CLASH WITH AIXS REARGUARDS In north Africa, vanguards of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's victorious British 8th army were reported to have advanced II miles. and clashed with axis rearguards near Sabratha, 41 miles west of fallen Tripoli and less than 60 miles from the Libyan- Tunisian frontier. On the western flank of the two-way allied "squeeze' 1 movement, torrential rains hampered operations in Tunisia but American troops were reported to have advanced:six to.nine miles in; the O s s l a - ' Says U. S., Britain Lack Vital Resources By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS - . ^ ; i m e s inland from the Gult of" Gabes coast. , .' · Dispatches said the Americans had brought relief to French troops cut off east of n mountain pass between Ousseltia a n d " "^ ^ ""= Drastic New Nazi Decrees Are Expected LONDON, (U.B--Thc t h u n d e r of allied bombs over a 1,000 mile European front, Russian victories in the east, prospect of an allied offensive in Tunisia and above all the fear of momentous events to follow the Casablanca conference, stirred Germany to a frenzy of total war mobilization Thursday. It was indicated that Adolf Hitler, increasingly desperate, would make Saturday, the 10th anniversary of the nazi accession to power, the occasion for a series of decrees of unprere- d e n t e d harshness, removhiR from every man and boy, tvoman and child in Germany the last vestiee of individualism. Switzerland reported that Ger- ] many had conscripted boys of 15 ; 16. 17. 18 and l!l years of age lor i military or auxiliary service. A Berlin broudcast announced a blanket ban on civilian use of taxicabs, which will be only available, except on special individual police permit, to "war mutilated, war wounded, physicians, expectant i mothers and so forth." j A United Press Ankara dispatch I said the Germans were speeding Ihe strengthening of their "second Siegfried lipe" along the Bug river! in Poland. An official German broadcaster, Joachim Schieferdeckcr, warned the German people Wednesday night in a radio Berlin proeram: "We are witnessing the explosion of accumulated perils which are shaking the European continent." * * * _ Announcing that new and drastic measures were in prospect to meet what he called "the pres- j cnt emergency." Schidferdecker' quoted a decree of 1689. when King Louis XIV of France was «»=»'--· the- German, palatine on BIG OFFENSIVE INDICATED FOR LAST OF AFRICA Top Military leaders Meet in Eisenhower Headquarters 2 Days (By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS) A climactic allied offensive in. North Africa, preluding actual invasion of Europe, was sharply foreshadowed Thursday with the disclosure that the top military leaders of the United States and Great Britain have held a secret 48 hour war council at L'ieut.- Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters. Coolly ignoring thc fact'tiiat the j no mikado's invasion armies were ' +. now on the defensive on three ivfirr.» T p .-V-TC DT i^-c fronts--Guadalcanal. New Guin- I?!? ICATE AXI S PLANS ea and Burma--Premier Gen. -- e n Hidekj Tojo of Japan boasted Thursday that the Japanese armed forces had laid the foundations for "certain victory over the United States and Britain, whom he charged with "sinister ambitions to dominate the world " 1 * * * The premier, whose address was reported by the Tokio radio in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press, boasted that Japan's position both for offense and defense had been completed by the establishment of outlyine bases and by the acquisition of vast natural resources. '* * * The address marked the reconvening of the diet after the New Year's recess. Tojo said casually that "of course it will require great efforts on oui- part to mahe these resources demonstrate thoir real wealth and power" but said that Japan's position nevertheless was secure. "In contrast lo our position," he said, "the United States and Britain--which boasted of t h e i r wealth and resources before the war--now are exposing a great shortage in vital war resources. "As for the supply of rubber and tin which they previously obtained from the southwest Pacific regions, they now arc so un- VACANCIES AT CLINTON' DES MOINES, (/P)--An appeal lor medical technicians and assistant technicians in x-ray, surgerv, chemistry and bacteriology to fill positions at the Shick general hospital at Clinton has b'ccn" issued by (he Iowa branch of the civil service commission. easy and distressed they cannot succeed in concealing their predicament." * * * ·Turning to Japan's war aims. the premier said the Japanese people were fightine for a "great ideal" they had cherished for 3,000 years--"to enable all countries each in its proper place and all peoples to live their lives in peace and security." * * * Japan, he declared, sought only to "bring about real world peace in co-operation with our allies who share the same purpose." "This object," Tojo a d d e d , compared with the traditional ambition of the, Anglo-American countries to promote their own prosperity at the sacrifice of other countries and monopolize the world by exploiting other peoples, is wholly different in its essence." INSPECT PRE-FLIGHT SCHOOL IOWA CITY, (,--Commander . Hamilton, director of the Thursday to continue an inspection tour. Commander Hamilton and his parly conducted a routine inspection of the Iowa pro-flight school Wednesday. FURTHER WITHDRAWALS Reports from widely separated points indicated that the axis was preparing tor further withdrawals in Russia and north Africa. Tass. agency* the official soviet news broadcast a report from Geneva that Italy had requisitioned all merchant marine coastal.ships, fishing schooners and private motor boats for immediate transfer to Sicilian ports, within a quick run of Tunisia. These, admittedly, might be for reinforcements, but heretofore the axis has relied chiefly on planes to strengthen its armies in that area. London heard that the Germans were massing escape boats and barges at Novorossisk, Black sea naval base, to transport thtir armies out of the Caucasus if the Russians captured Rostov. * * * Radio Movoc, in French Morocco, broadcast Swedish reports that .Hitler had decided to give up personal direction of the German armies--now that his vaunted "intuitive" powers have failed--and that the nazi general staff had planned a withdrawal of several hundred miles to a new line extending from Kursk- to Kharkov, through Dnieperopetrovsk to the Crimea and Sevastopol. 26,000 Dressmakers Ordered Back to Jobs NEW YORK. tfP, -- Approximately 20,000 New York dressmakers were ordered to return to work Thursday by David Dubinsky. president of the international ladies garment workers union. (AFL,), after a two-day stoppage as a result of a dispute with five employer associations. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Continued mild Thursday afternoon; warmer Thursday night than Wednesday night; lowest temperature, 20. IOWA: "Warmer Thursday night and Friday forenoon. MINNESOTA: No decided change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Minimum Wednesday night 9 At 8 a. m. Thursday 12 YEAR AGO.- Maximum Minimum 3R 21 the r -French:: side : tf:..the. Rhine: "Who deserts'the colbrs-sball be hanged without mercy; w h o! amidst flic battle begins to re- ' treat shall be put to death without j "These were ordinances of total | war." Schieferdeckcr said. ''These i ordinances w i l l have to rule the i new mobilization of all energy at liome. This mobilization has lo be carried out under thc m a n d a t e that he who deserts, flies or flags will have to pay with his life. Total war lias become a reality." At the ·same time, a Berlin' military spokesman declared that General E i s e n h o w e r ' s American expeditionary forces in Tunisia were "planning a Major offensive" and a Vichy broadcast said American troops originally c o n c c n t r a t ed 150 miles southwest of Tunis had opened thc attack. Axis reports suggested an American attempt to drive a wedge between the converging armies of Marshal Erwin Rommel and Col.-Gcn. Jurgeu von Arnim in central Tunisia. The secret war conclave, attended by the highest allied military chieftains, followed swiftly on the heels of President Roosevelt's "master plan" conference with Prime Minister Churchill at Casablanca, French Morocco. The council was apparently held in line with the Roosevelt- Churchill announcement t h a t strategy evolved at their 10-day meeting would be put into "active and concerted execution." - . ,,. . ,'-,""'·· rrOOaOlU tO Some Get Hearings for Errol Flynn and Edward J. Flynn Mixed WASHINGTON, (U.P.)--Washing- tonians don't know all the answers, either. Many of them have gone to the cnpitol in recent weeks to hear testimony about Hollywood's Errol Flynn. They had confused the hearings on the appointment of Edward J. Flynn to be minister to Australia with the Hollywood Flynn case. Most of thc mistaken persons were government stenographers on their clay off. K . A , , , n IN NO f TM A TMCA. f.4',_A 48 hour f 0 ' 1 ' 01 ' 01 "^ 1C1 '° attended by t»e st TM i l i t a r ' brains in Britain' and America Thursday sharply foreshadowed tile day when Ihe united nations \vill use north Africa as a springboard into Europe. The military chiefs conferred with Lieut. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander in chief o£ the: allied expeditionary force in north Africa, after speeding eastward Minister Churchill. * * w That they came to this theater after thc policy making C a s a b l a n c a conference was taken as an indication the allies consider a Mediterranean offensive against thc axLs as one of Hie best bids for victory. i * -p - * The meeting was held in the | headquarters of . L i e u t . Gen. j Dwight D. Eisenhower, American cSl 'wes! That diversion pepped up the guiding business in thc capitol which, since the war, has been in the doldrums. Eighty per cent of thc tourists these days arc servicemen who get thc tour of the capitol free. Nevertheless, thc most frequent question of visitors, according lo Crawford, is: "What time docs the president arrive today'/" President Roosevelt, as a matter of fact, has been in thc capitol only 15 tunes in 10 rears--a record for any president. Jury Waits to Give Verdict as Defendant Goes Out for Soup SEATTLE, Wash., (/P,--William .cedmycr got quite hungry, waiting for jurors to acquit him of game-law violation. He'd just stepped across thc street for his 20-cent bowl of soup when jurors reported. They waited a half-hour for him to return, before they could free him. Judge Chester A. Batchelor was hungry by that time, too. He fined Needmyer S10 for contempt. SPEAK AT GKINNEI.L IOWA CITY. W-Presidcnt Virgil M. Handier of the University of Iowa will deliver the commencement address at Ihc midyear graduation exercises at Cornell college Sunday. This is thc first time Cornell has had m i d year graduation. President Hancher will receive an honorary dcgvcc at the ceremonies. H. H. Arnold, commander in chief of army air forces, and other high officers. Britain was represented by Field Marshal Sir John Dill, head of thc British joint staff mission- in Washington: Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, first sea lord; General Sir Harold Alexander, commander in clnef in thc middle cast; Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, chief of combined operations (commandos), and others. Thc seven men named conferred day and night for two il.iys with Eisenhower alter speeding eastward from thr. Itooscveli-Churchm meeting at Casablanca. General Marshall and Admiral King stayed at General Eisenhower's residence and Lord Mountbatten, Marshal Dill. Admiral Pound and Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, naval com- mandcr of tl, c allied force in north Africa, occupied joint quarters. All the conferences centered around General Eisenhower. This combined with thc presence of General Alexander was taken as an indication the allies are planning, a union of all forces in the Mediterranean into one great theater with co-ordinated commands. Such a step has long been foreseen by military experts as a necessity when Eisenhower's and Alexander's armies join as they appear lo be doing in Tunisia. Others at the conference included Lt. Gen. B. B. Somervcll. commanding U. S. army services of supply; it. Gen. Sir Hastings

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