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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME i- H I S T Of - . -^ A N D A R C H I V E ? THE MIWSTAKft THAT MAKES Alt. NMTH IOWANS NilfiHBOKS" HOME EDITION limn VOL.U United rat . IOWA. TUESDAY. JA1OJAKY tt. IMS ThlÂ» Patw CanitaU of Two tinUmi nÂ«IVÂ» Oam NO. RUSSIANS 80 MILES FROM BERLIN Yanks Reach Last Jap Line North of Manila PUSH INTO TOWN OF CALUMPIT Thin Enemy Covering Force Will Resist General Mac Arthur's H e a d quarters, Luzon, (UP.)--Vanguards of the American 6th army swung down, on the last Japanese defense line north of Manila Tuesday, driving i n t o the swamp- lined Calumpit bottleneck barely 10 miles from Manila bay and 23 miles from the enslaved Philippines capital. Front dispatches indicated that only a t h i n Japanese covering force lay between the advancing doughboys and Manila, although the difficult terrain was expected to prevent a quick march into the 'city: . . ' Â· ' . _ ; Â· Â· ;'. Far to the north other Ameri' can troops weore running into their "bitterest opposition since the Luzon invasion began 22 days ago.' Fanning out northeast and east from their Lingayeri gull beach- hebds, the Americans were threatening the entire Baguio. area where the bulk of the enemy's island garrison was believed concentrated, and the Japanese reacted savagely. -. i Helnforced enemy tank and: infantry units Â· counter-attacked 3 t i m e s against the -American spearheads over, the weekend and vrere routed with serious losses after a touch-and-go battle. .The Japanese tried their biggest counter-blow shortly after mid- roght Saturday night around San Manuel, 24 miles south of Baguio ^ GASOLINE SUPPLY LANDED ON LUZON--The beach atjLingayeri gulf is covered with drums of gasoline as more fuel arrives by barge from supply fleet, in background, to power.American, tanks; trucks and other equipment for the southward drive of Gen. Mac Arthur's forces on Luzon Island in the Philippines. Elements of ^ trie Japanese 2nd armored division spearheaded the attack, striking into positions; held by -the U. S. 25th division, Â·with a _ f u r y that overran the Americans' forward lines before it- :was halted. At dawn, the dougliboys rallied -and counter-attacked, finally wiping but the en- lire enemy force and clearing the whole San Manuel area. Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur's com- munique s a i d 789 enemy, dead were counted, in the area, with many more todies still to be tallied, while at least 49 Japanese tanks were known to have been .knocked out. s The losses raised the Japanese casualties since I the start of the Luzon campaign'to more than 25,000 men and 103 tanks^-perhaps a third of their armor on the island and certainly a large part of their garrison. American losses-in the same three-week period totaled 4,254, including 1,017 killed, 197 missing and 3,040 wounded. San Quntin, 11 miles southeast of San Manuel, also was taken by the Americans in a supporting thrust .that carried almost 30 ' miles inland to the foothills of the Garaballo mountains. Meanwhile, the drive on Manila Â·was ' continuing against t h e feeblest opposition, following the capture Monday of San Fernando, 33 airline miles north of the capital and the starting point of MacArthur's retreat into Bataan three years ago. Units of the 37th division pushed ahead cautiously toward Calumpit, 10 miles to the south, where the Candaba swamps skirt highway three and, with the Pampanga river, form the only defensible position left to the Japanese above Manila. Filipino guerrillas were reported to have prevented the Jap; ariese from carrying out extensive demolitions in their retreat, but the big Calumpit bridge spinning the Pampanga was known to have been knocked out by American bombers shortly after the Lin- gaycn landing, and the enemy was expected to put up a delaying ac- Rqosevelt MarKs63rd Birthday Â·Washington, (U.P.)--P r e s i d e n t Hoosevelt was 63 years old Tuesday and his own observance of the -anniversary was far overshadowed by his meeting soon with Prime - Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Josef Stalin. .In sharp contrast to other years of more carefree birthdays, Mr. Roosevelt's day was monopolized by war tasks of the highest importance. Consequently he was to take no .direct public part in the nationwide observance of his birthday. Tuesday night he will send a radio message to t h e American people through his wife, who wil. read it on the air. This will be the president's customary . thanks to the nation for the millions contributed annually on the occasion of his birthday to fight infantile paralysis. His whereabouts. were not disclosed and it was not possible,to report further'how the presiden was spending his birthday. Completely aside from Mr Roosevelt's birthday activities however, signs pointing to the im minent "big three" meeting wer increasing almost by the hour. Mr Roosevelt's repeated statements o recent weeks that he planned t meet soon with Churchill and Sta lin were underlined by the ab senee from Washington of 3 of hi onference 'room grows stronger nth every mile that his soviet armies push into Germany -" r .Hopkins, confidante, information atherer and trouble-shooter for le-president,'has been in a'series f conferences, in recent days, alking with Churchill and Gen. Charles De Gaulle, the French eader, in London and Paris about le forthcoming conference. There vere reports that Hopkins would make similar trips to Rome and Joscow. It ' was assumed that whatever Hopkins learned in his onferences would be reported to the president before the Big 3 meeting. top advisers, Harry L. Hopkins War Mobilization Director Jame F. Byrnes and Secretary of Stat E. R. Stettinius, Jr. Hopkins is in Europe as an ad vance man for the "big three conference. Byrnes can be de scribed as "out of the country and Stettinins is said at the slal department to be "out of town." Steltinius, however, recently an tion along the river there. MacArthur's communique revealed, however, that another American northeast force 35 miles north- of San Fernando had captnred Licab, 11 miles west of highway five, and was pushing toward that road which runs parallel to highway three into Manila. ' ^ At the same time, American flyers stepped up their attacks on fortifications girdling Manila Bay . In preparation for the re-entry of the U. S. battle fleet, bombing Fort Drum and the Cavite naval base. MacArthur also revealed that marine dive bombers have been added to his airpower of Luzon, co-operating with ground forces attacking the Japanese positions in the hill-': .west of Clark field. Take 3 Miles of Siegfried Inside Reich 3rd Army Expands River Bridgehead Into Germany Paris, W)--The 78th division captured 3 miles of the Siegfried line Tuesday in a surprise attack through waist deep snow drifts in the Monschau forest, 3 miles inside Germany. The first army outfit struck Just north of the eliminated Belgian bulge while, other troops of Lt Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' command and the 3rd army moved up to the west wall defenses along 40 miles of the Ardennes front. The 3rd army expanded its Our river bridgehead nearly a mile into Germany on a 2;mile front. Advances range'd up to 4 miles .The 9th and another unidentified division participated. The 78th division's achievemen was scored in a 9 hour battle against the lightest opposition seei along the rugged forest front sine November. Scratch nazi troops such as have been left to holi many parts of the western fronl crumbled and gave up on the long-quiet sector. The division jumped off from Simmerrath, drove west to Kesternich, 3 miles inside Germany, and then turned south for 3 miles to eliminate a long held German salient of several square miles. They overran two and a half miles of concrete pill boxes and dragon teeth tank barriers which formed the Siegfried line. Well to the north, the Germans were executing a fresh withdrawal from Holland toward FDR Endorses Wallace as Useful Leader New York, (/P)--Henry A. Wallace, his political future challenged by a senate threat to deny him: confirmation as secretary oÂ£ commerce, carried an endorsement by President Roosevelt Tuesday.as a leader needed by the nation "now more than ever before." Â· i ' Â· This personal expression of confidence was contained in a message from the president which was read Monday night at a testimonial dinner to Wallace given by the union for democratic action and (he New Republic magazine. A galaxy of business executives who had rallied to Wallace's cause heard the president's message, which declared that "America, its people and its government need Henry Wallace now more than ever before." * .Wallace, who spoke at the dinner, did not mention the message. In a Â· prepared address which touched on the proposal that the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and other lending agencies be removed from the control of the the Russian front.Berlin, said the Canadian army was,heavily shelling their lines east of the Hollands* Diep, which courses 14 miles'south of the great Dutch port of Rotterdam. The little German village of Wehcenhausen is 8 miles south of St. Vith and was taken against stubborn resistance. The 3rd army already was across the narrow, shallow Our rvier and in the outer fringes of the Siegfried line, the main works of which are 2 to 3 milys east. The rugged terrain, deep snow and absence of east-west roads precluded any spectacular gains in that area. Twin attacks, by the American 3rd and 1st armies drew up close to or into the fringes of the Siegfried line along 40 miles of the Ardennes front, where the wehrmacht was sapped dangerously thin to bolster its smash ec eastern front. At 2 places, the 3rd army invaded Germany anew. Fairly Germans heavy were movements o. spotted pulling back into the reich from the Hoi land section east of the Ijsse Meer (Zuyder Zee) Mosquitoes harassed and the RAF foe RUSSIANS GAIN ALL ALONG EASTERN FRONT--Solid line is approximate Russian- German front with the Germans isolated in East Prussia and at Torun and Poznan, (1) Germans said reds had reached outskirts of Konigsberg, (2) Russians had reached the Baltic sea and were fighting at Marienberg, (3) Torun was encircled, (4) Moscow claims Schneidemuhl is surrounded. (5) Poznan was surrounded, Moscow said, and Berlin added that the garrisons there and at Torun were being defended successfully, (6) Berlin admitted red attacks along the Oder river from Glogau ao Cosel and (7) Moscow announced capture of Katowice and Beuthen. . Â·' Dr. George Kissel, Cresco Physician, Dies at 88 Was Associated : With Mayo Brothers for Many Years nounced that he had accepted the secretary of commerce, Wallace Bay yoar War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. president's invitation to go with him to the conference. s European missions also have been announced for white house press secretary Stephen T. Early and Judge Samuel 1. Rosenman, special counsel to the president; Early will study public relations in the European theater of operations, and Rosenman will visit the liberated portions of Europe to examine and report to the president on supply and consumer goods needed by the governments and civilian populations. The president's 63rd birthday came at one of the most active periods of his life. While most men on their 63rd birthdays think of leisure and retirement, the president was occupied solely by the titanic problems of ending the war in Europe this year and starting a permanent, international peace organization. In the "Big 3" meeting particularly, the president faces a highly delicate situation, one requiring extreme tact along with forceful diplomacy. In this connection diplomats here pointed out thai Stalin's position in the tripartite said he would prefer not to have the cabinet post "if there- were serious danger of a 'too little* and too late* man being appointed" to head the RFC. President Roosevelt's message was his first mention of Wallace since the senate commerce committee' rejected the former vice president's nomination as commerce secretary by a vote of 14-5 However, the message bore the date of Jan. 17, which was 5 days before Wallace was named for the post. "I count on his aid, his wisdom and his courage in the difficult ways to the magnificent hopes \ve hold for a world worthy of his faith in the people and the struggles of free people everywhere which have so splendidly justifiec that faith," said the message. The 'president said he wa: "grateful" for Wallace's accony plishments as secretary of agri culture and later as vice presi dent. German withdrawals eastwari from the threatened Ruhr, in progress most of last week, prac tically ceased. Allied air forces swooped over lines of withdrawal and inflicted eavy damage on the railway enters of Munster. Paderbo/n, 3etmund. Hamm and Cologne. ^lights were in the worst possi- le weather, The Canadian army, at least 6 ivisions strong, is deployed in lie extreme north of the western rant along the Maas (Meuse) iver and within 6 miles of Kleve, erminus of the Siegfried line. It has been virtually inactive since apturing Antwerp, well rested and refitted. Should it strike to the Ijssel VIeer. it would cut off such cities Rotterdam, Amsterdam. The laeue, Haarlem and Utrecht. The" Germans for several days have been talking of the imminence of a Canadian attack, and in- leed of a new general offensive Snow still was falling in 11 de- Bay your War B o n d s am Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. feet waded icy water to their waists in crossing near Oberhausen and Peterskirche, 13 miles southwest of the Siegfried pivot of Prum. Oberhausen fell. The 3rd army was close to or across the German frontier all the way from Saarlautern to Oberhausen. To the north, Lf. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' first army advanced nearly 2 miles early Tuesday in the darkness fighting into Mur- range, 15 miles northwest of Prum. Opposition was relatively light; the Germans were beating their way back into the Siegfried line. The first took 925 prisoners Monday and expected a larger total Tuesday. The 7th army in Alsace was snowbound for the 3rd day. At the northern end of the Col mar pocket below Strasbourg, the U. S. 3rd and 28th divisions, now fight ins under French command, wedged within a half mile of the northeast outskirts of Colmar. The 3rd division stabbed within about 3 miles of the Rhine, and threatened to lop off a Germar salient north toward Strasbourg The French were closing arounc Cernay from 3 sides at the south end of the Colmar pocket. Fifty German tanks have been destroyed in 10 days by the French alone. A dispatch from Field Marsha Montgomery's 2Ist army group headquarters said it was probabl that the German 6th panzer army mauled in Ardennes, the had retreat from been moved ward the Russian front. Cresco--Dr. George Kessel, 83, ihysician and surgeon here for lore than 50 years, once asso- iated with the Mayo Brothers at lochester, Minn., died Monday at :15 p. m. after 2 weeks' illness rom a heart attack. His death occurred at the same hour as that of his son-in-law, B. L. Lissfelt, at New York City after an illness from pneumonia. Telegrams advising relatives of he deaths passed each other in ransit. Dr. Kessel was one of the most p r o m i n e n t physicians a n d surgeons in northern Iowa and for many years was a noted public benefactor. He was born in Winneshiek county March 20, 1856. He was a past vice president of the Iowa Medical Society and was a member of the American Medical Association and the Fellows American College of Surgeons. Founder of the Kessei hospita at Cresco, the first hospital in tha city, he operated it from 1902 tn 1910, then gave it to the Sisters of Mercy of Dubuque. They named it St. Joseph's Mercy hospital in 1910, which name it still retains. Dr. Kessel was retained as chief surgeon. Since 1925 he .CONFERS WITH POPE Rome, ()--Harry Hopkins, personal advisor to President Roosevelt, had an audience with Pope Pius Tuesday. 1 VV GSltllBr jree cold on the western front this j morning. : Â· Despite the terrific handicap,-of waist deep drifts, Gen. Eisenhower's front slowly waj turning to the offensive. Allied air forces hurled their destructive bomb weight into the balance Monday with nearly 4,000 sorties. The last 10 days of roadside slaughter have accounted for 5,000 vehicles destroyed and 4,500 damaged, 250 tanks and armored vehicles ruined, and approximately 1,500 rail cars destroyed and 2,000 damaged. Some 1,261 were disabled in the St. Vith area alone Monday. Added to all that destruction was the paralyzing effect of Monday's mighty air blows at 32 rail- yards along key lines' back from the Rhine toward the eastern front. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3rd army broke the German Our river frontier defense at 2 places just north of Luxembourg. The dough- FORECAST Mason Cily: Partly cloudy and continued cold' Tuesday night. 10 below. Wednesday, increasing cloudiness and not so cold. Probably light snow at night Iowa: Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday. Continued cold Tuesday night and not quite so cold Wednesday afternoon. Minnesota: Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday. Continued cold Tuesday night and not quite so cold Wednesday. Not quite so cold Wednesday afternoon. IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday 15 Minimum Monday minus 1 At 8 a. m. Tuesday 3 YEAR AGO: Maximum 42 Minimum ' 25 has been in partnership with Dr. W. A, Bockoven. In 1913 Dr. .Kessel gave the ground for a park adjoining the hospital grounds known as Kessel park. In 1930 he added another tract to the gift, including a residence, now known as Kessel park lodge adjoining the park. Dr. Kessel was mayor of Cresco ( 2 years, was a member of the chool board for 3 years, was once resident of the library board and uring the First World war was member of the selective service ioard. His wife died many years ago. He is survived by the following daughters: Mrs.. Raymond W Haas, Emmetsburg; Mrs. Frank B. Lowry, wife of R e a r Admiral Â·, of Cresco; Mrs. H. L. Liss- New York City, and Ger- SHOWER REICH WITH LEAFLETS Allies Explain Goal of Unconditional Surrende Paris, (IP)--On the eve of the widely-heralded big 3 conference the allies have begun showering erman lines with leaflets ex plaining the "unconditional sur render" goal announced at Casa blanca, it was disclosed Tuesday Unconditional surrender, t h pamphlets declare, "would no mean that Germans who surren der would be at the mercy of th victorious side." On the contrary they would "be under the protec tion of the Geneva convention an would be treated with fairness." The pamphlets, one of the firs direct attempts by allied prop; gandists in recent months to driv a wedge between the Germ a people and their rulers, also sa; "It is the wish of the allies give the German people the poi sibility lor normal peaceful cl velopment as members of the Eu: opean family of nations." The announcement said "ind vidual Germans who had nothii to do with the crimes committi by war criminals will not l)e tal en to account for those crimes." That allied airmen have been scattering the leatlets in Germany as announced shortly after the sclosure that Harry L. Hopkins ad visited London and Paris and one on to Rome on a fact-finding jission for President Roosevelt reparatory to the big 3 confer- nce. Use of the leaflets bolstered a elief in some quarters that' the resident. Prime Minister Church- and Premier Marshal Stalin : 1 Reds Launch ! Attack On \ 42 Mile Line Report Forces . Within 85 to 90 Miles of Capital By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS i London--Marshal Gregory Zhu- ' kov in a sharp new surge toward s the Oder has driven ahead 12 miles into Brandenburg province and about 80 miles from Berlin, ! the German radio reported Tuesday. Moscow dispatches said soviet ' armored spearheads were forging ahead in a huge 3-pronged assault which threatened to cut off the nazi capital if a frontal attack failed. Lt. Col. Alfred von Olbcrg, a Berlin military commentator, said i Zhukov had smashed across the Obra river to the Zullichau- :hweibus-Meseritz line. "German border troops bitterly igaged the enemy in heavy bates everywhere but have not been )Ie to prevent his crossing frozen vers," said von Olberg. A German broadcast declared e Russians had launced a heavy. rmored offensive on a 42-mile ont inside the border of eastern erinany ou a bee-line 1 for Berlin, nd that "the first onslaught airied appreciable ground." The broadcast said the first ob- ective was the communications enter of Kustrin on the Oder and Varthe rivers 42 miles from Hern. ' Â· A direct Moscow dispatch said tussian columns punched five to I g h t miles inside Brandenburg irovince due east of Berlin,' and 5 to 20 miles inside Pomerania n a:push striking northeast-ot tbi Germari'hearKcity. Â·- Â·Â·"""Â·- " " - ' Â· South-bf these blows'by Marshal Gregory Zhukov's first White lussiari army group, tanks and inc antry of the first Ukranian army vere striking westward from bridgeheads flung over the Oder Ivor in Silesia. The Pomeranian and Silesian offensives threatened a great pin- oers from north and south on Ber- l might produce a joint immediate nrrender call to Germany at their meeting. There was no indication-in Paris where the big 3 conferees might meet but there was frequent spec- lation that the president might isit Paris. eli, rnde, at home. Funeral arrangements were not completed Tuesday morning. Hitler Decorates Kirchner for Defensive Fight at Budapest London, (#r-The German ra dio announced Tuesday that Gen Frederich Kirchner, commande of a panzer corps, had been awarded oak leaves with sword to his knights insignia of the iro cross by Hitler for "his successfu manner of conducting the defcn sive fight" in Budapest A similar award was give Gen. Frederick Paulus shortly be fore he surrendered at Stalingrac in, in addition to Zhukov's offensive beating in from the east in Brandenburg, said Associted Press Correspondent Eddy Gllmore in Moscow. Tuesday's German communique declared Zhukov was attacking heavily in the Obra river sector due east of Berlin, and said the Soviets had made "further gains to Lhe north" a r o u n d encircled Schneidemuhl. The bulletin said counter-attacks in Lower Silesia had broken through to the Russian-surrounded garrison in Steinau on the Oder's west bank 32 miles northwest of Breslau. In East Prussia, it added, Germans fighting westward trying to break out from a Russian pocket reached the Elbing bridgehead after a 19 mile gain. German naval forces were thrown into the defense of Konigsberg, East Prus- Â·siah capital, and helped stem soviet attacks, the Berlin commu- nique said. Moscow dispatches .said the ermans were counter-attacking uriously trying to cover an evac- ation from Elbing in East Prusa. Soviet forces sank 3 German r.iii.sports Monday. Zhukov's northern a r m bit eeper despite blinding snow after oppling Driesen and Woldenburg; 3 miles northeast of Berlin, and 7 miles from the Baltic port of itettin. This campaign threat- ned to cut off northeastern Germany, as well as pull around on Berlin fro"m the north. Armored columns and mobile nfantry hitting toward Berlin rom due east carried the most Washington Post Says Roosevelt's Sister Arranged Dog Shipment Washington, (/P)--The Post said Tuesday that Col. Elliott Roosevelt's sister, Mrs. Anna Boettinger, arranged for his dog blaze to je flown to California in an army cargo plane. The dog's flight on an "A" pri ority is being investigated by a senate military /subcommittee because 3 servicemen were pu off the plane at Memphis, Tcnn. The newspaper said it hai learned from an informed sourc that -the president's daughter who lives at the white house called Col. R. W. Ireland of In air transport command. The lat ter, the Post account continue! made the necessary space avail able and "it was understood then ordered the dog dispatche on his own authority." langerous menace, Gilmore said. The Russians expect a main German stand at the Oder river in the Frankfurt sector, he added, and are pushing ahead eager f o r . a showdown battle; Some of Zhukov's southern 'orces are striking toward the Oder in the Glogau region, on the lank of Marsha] Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian army. Moscow remained silent on developments on Koncv's front. Front dispatches said soviet troops in Germany had painted slogans "On to Berlin" and "Berlin This Way" on t h e i r tanks, trucks, and gun carriers. The push into Pomerania had carried 13 miles on a 30 mile front by Monday night. In Berlin, nazi leaders implored Germans to rise and save the capital. LUCKY BREAK Los Angeles, (P) -- An auto, swerving to avoid a collision, look Â· out 2 walls of a crowded bar, wrecked an awning, plate glass window and juke box, and crashed into the only unoccupied booth.