The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 7, 1931 · Page 3
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April 7, 1931

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, April 7, 1931
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'APRIL 7 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE (Stty · A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the ' MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 3800 WILL F. MUSE 7 Editor W. EARL HALL Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMJS Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press la exclusively entitled to the USB for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Daily, per year. $7.00 Dally, per. week 15 Outside ol Mason City and Clear Lobe Dally, per year by carrier. .$7.00 Daily, per week by carrier 15 Daily, per year by mail. 4.00 6 months, $2.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month 50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months $3.25 3 months... 1.75 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter A wise traveler never despises his own country. --GOLDONI HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF TJiDUCATION by inquisition is not a new phenomenon in Iowa. The similarity between the present attack on the State University of Iowa and an investigation conducted by a legislative committee in 1888 is so striking as to be almost uncanny. First there was a period of agitation and savage criticism by an individual whose case later was definitely identified as psychotic. Then an appeal to the legislature and a resolution ordering the probe and providing for a committee of three representatives and two senators. Then a decision by that committee to accept any and all hearsay testimony. Then a long drawn out summer of hearings at Iowa City during which all persons with a grievance against the university were permitted to tell their stories, with a guarantee of immunity as to liability or responsibility. FinpJly--a year later--a report by the committee exonerating completely the board of regents and the administration of the university. Concerning the chief instigator of the ruction, Prof. Gustavus Hinrichs by name, the report said: "That men possessed of so much brains should exercise so little common sense in matters of this kind is almost incredible. During the entire time of our investigation we have been thrown into constant intercourse with Professor Hinrichs. Altho his position as prosecutor has to a certain extent placed him in an unfavorable light, he made charges without proof to sustain them. And yet in this we do not find him to have been altogether to blame, he having made his charges re'ying on the statements of others for proof . but when the crucial test came they failed him." The parallel, however, between the present and the former investigation does not end with its gen- " eral character. Some of the charges were almost ideu- .tical. Some of the findings were almost identical. Some ^of-.'-^r'""' v ^«?iffc;^rn«tboci^ oft the,:,icLyestigatorg. were al- TnbstS-i-^Jtical. Let us look for a moment at the earlier probe. It was during the administration of Gov. William Larrabee that the assault on the university crystallized. What part, if any, he had in bringing about the . investigation' is not disclosed in the official records of the twenty-second general assembly in which the committee's report on the probe is contained. He was not even referred to in the report. The resolution authorizing the inquiry contains a preamble so nearly like the one employed this year that it could almost have.been interchanged without being detected by the authors. "Whereas," it begins, "graye charges have been, and are now. being made, against the university, touching its general management, which reflect on the economy and even the integrity with which its appropriations have been used; the moral character of the institution itself; the influences and moral atmosphere by which it is surrounded; the character of the state's buildings and improvements; the conduct of some of its professors; the action of its board of regents In entering into a contract to discharge a part of its professors in consideration of certain appropriations and the general efficiency of the university, and "Whereas, such charges publicly made are greatly injuring the usefulness of the university, as well as the cause of education in this state, etc." The committee wag authorized by the resolution to employ a clerk, subpoena witnesses and administer oaths. Full publicity for the hearings was invited. A per diem salary of $5 was ordered for the committee members, in addition, to mileage and actual expenses incurred by them. So far as can be learned no provision was made for attorneys, this being the widest point of departure of the present .investigation from its predecessor. Members of the committee were H. F. Meservey, chairman, W. M. McFarland, secretary, W. W. Dodge, F. W. Miller and L. D. Hotchkiss. The first question encountered then, as In the present investigation, was that of determining the rules of evidence. The decision was to permit of no restrictions, the theory being stated as follows in the committee's report: "Much evidence of seeming Importance, if not real importance, would be ruled out and give rise to the charge,of unfaithfulness on our part. * * * * * And altho we knew, that by so doing we were subjecting ourselves to weeks of petty annoyances, with perhaps the added misconstruction of our motives, we saw no other way of forever setting at rest ali charges against the university than by giving unlimited scope to all persons preferring charges or giving testimony and to patiently listen to all they might have to gay, which in their opinion was of Importance, believing that the whole truth should be arrived at, however much of trouble and expense it might entail." The three discharged professors were S. N. Fellows, N. R. Leonard and L. F. Parker. In the case of the former two, it was charged that the board of regents had sacrificed them to tho liquor interests of the state as a part of a "deal" with the state legislature. Both had been active in opposition to saloons in Iowa City. The committee faileil to find the slightest indication of "connivance." The first charge was thus disposed of. A second charge was that there had been graft In the construction of a medical building, that Iowa City builders were "not given a chance," that the completed structure was "unsafe." The commitfee found no "evidence of peculation, favoritism or fraud. It concluded that the methods employed were "neither extravagant nor wasteful." There was a mild criticism however, that the university had built too large a .tructure for the amount of its appropriation. Charge No. 2 was toppled. A third charge was that an unexplained deficit of $20,000 had occurred at the university. A study of the institution's books, however, revealed at once .hat of this amount $11,500 had been spent in the emergency construction" of a boiler house and Ihe purchase of a new boiler to replace one destroyed by an explosion. Another $7,000 of the "deficit" resulted from other unpredictable items, principal: of which was a loss of tuition over a period of three or four years caused by the raising of the law course from a one to a two year requirement. In all cases there were receipts and vouchers to prove the genuineness of transactions. And thus another' claim was deflated. A fourth charge was that the faculty of the college of medicine was a "set of grave robbers," that cadavers for the laboratories were stolen from cemeteries, that patients in the university hospital were scandalously mistreated and permitted to die without proper treatment. All of this was hearsay evidence, ;hree or four persons removed, and was quickly .disposed of. One after another every charge and . accusation melted away when the demand for substantiation and proof was confronted. ' The moving force behind the attack was Professor Hinrichs, who had joined the university faculty in 1863 as a teacher of modern languages, In 1871 he changed to the chemistry department and performed distinguished service in developing laboratory methods as a part of teaching. Later something caused his mind to "crack." For many years after he had left Iowa City, discredited, he continued to broadcast his charges of "graft" against the university and its administration. Persons who have studied the present investigation will recognize a parallel in almost every charge. Irrespective of what the committee of investigators may do, the consensus of the public will be substantially the same as the report of the committee which investigated the University of Iowa in 18S8. As-a matter of fact the report of public opinion was written a week after the hearings got under way and one after another the grave accusations ?began folding up and vanishing. OTHER EDITORS THE WATER'S FINE Bruce Barton in Tho Wedge: Nineteen hundred thirty was a tough winter for business. A lot of us were inclined,to hang around the stove. Even the oldest settler was willing to admit that it was the sort of winter they used to have when he was a boy. The stock suffered and hens stopped laying. Roads were blocked. It seemed' as tho spring would never come. We couldn't shake off our colds and got pretty low-spirited and rheumatic. But spring came, just as it has been doing for many years. At that, spring isn't much of a season: It's mostly mud and grinding work. You can't make much money in the spring---its all plowing and sowing and spreading fertilizer. A few of us bolder lads, feeling at last a sluggish stirring of sap in our veins, have come down to the old swimming hole. We have seen so much ice lately that any form of water looks cold. It probably is cold. There is still a nip in the air. The thot conies that we may be forcing the season. After all, it was fairly comfortable around the old stove, just grieving about things and hoping for better days withoul making any particular effort to bring? them back This swimming-hole business is really for summer days when one is all hot and sweaty. Perhaps it woulc be foolish to take a chance of catching cramp or pneumonia. But the boy who is a leader of the gang because he has the most guts, strips at last; and', scorning even to test the water with a shuddering toe (the most deceiving of all tests), he plunges in. Then rings out the old glad challenge, "Come on in, fellers--the water's fine!" Thirty million families have discovered that the are going to keep right on living 'in their homes eating three meals a day. The busted romance with golden-haired Paper Profits is fading into a pensive memory of youthful indiscretion. A million merchants are taking stock and finding that they are still solvent and that customers will money in their fists are complaining about depletec assortments and demanding fresh outfits to replace those worn threadbare during the long winter of cautious buying-. Payrolls are getting larger every day. Spring has come. What this country needs right now is guts. Harvest time is a long way off. But the soil is rich and warm. Trees are budding. Gry clouds are gone and the sky «s blue. It takes faith, nerve and vision to run a business Faith that America always comes back. Nerve to go in there and put up a fight. Vision to comprehend the opportunity in a market of one hundred and twenty million virile people who want everything and'are willing to sweat to get it. This is no time to sit on the fence watching the weeds grow anil' hoping congress will do" something about it. For some time to come, prosperity will be won with backaches. The next dream line at the ticker and the bread line that follows are a long way Some of our clients are driving into the biggest campaigns of selling and advertising they have ever undertaken. And once more there is heard in the land the old :all of the strong to the timid, "Come on in. The water's fine." THE PAST IS DEAD Robert E. Qulllcn in Fountain Inn (S. Car., Tribune: I got the shock of my life at a showing _ 0 - - ,,..,,. u .. w V f,. ui tujf a itt; a i. U. £?(IU V V l l l k of Griffith's "Abraham Lincoln" last week. A re duced rate for school children had filled the theatei with noisy youngsters. As the story progressed ant began to retell certain bits of history not relishec by the older generation in this part of the country nor even by mon and women in their thirties, I began to wonder whether the little fellows shared the resent ment so obviously felt iy the unreconstructed lady at my side. And then it happened. Mr. Lincoln had- called for volunteers to preserve the Union, Th land was in a ferment of patriotism. And down ttu street, preceded by the Colors and a brass bant! came a column of fours dressed in the uniform o their country. They were Yankees--damned Yankees every one of them. What is more, the band wai playing and vibrant voices were singing "The Battli Hymn of the Republic." And the kids in that audienc. busted loose and cheered like a house afire! To bi sure, they and the oldsters cheered louder when thi gray column appeared to the tune of "Dixie." Bu the all-important thing is that the school childrer are thinking in termsofAmerica. The past is dead A PECULIAR KIND OF ECONOMICS ,Atlantic New.s-Tolegrnph: It is a peculiar sort o economic theory which would seek to penalize a nev industry, such as the natural gas pipeline business before it has got warm in its chair, so to speak in the state. It would seem that the Iowa general assembly tnust be hard put to get more revenue if it is forceo to enact special, taxes against an industry as new as this one. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out. But the wise answered, saying, Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves.--St. Matthew, xxv, S, 9. DID YOU KNOW? . . . . .Illustrated Question Box ~I5y K. J. SCOTT A ADVENfURE IN s-rNE" is -THE, CATHEDRA!- OF MOSCOW -. HAD -THE- ARCH ire er* BUMDED SO -THAT HE. M13HT NEVER- PRODUCE. ANOTHER. LlrCfL IT HOSS IN -THa PROWNC6 OP , . SLOVAKIA^ , HAVE- WOOU-V HAIR, Editor's Note: What question can we nswer fop you? There Is no charfie cx.i.pt rents in cola or stamps lor return por.l;iuo ,lt)rtss your letters In tlio t;lolc-cazelte nfomiatlon Bureau, Frederic J, Hasklu, 'Ireclor, Washington, D. C. .SIZ.ED MUSHJ5.OOM is 27 IBS. · THE./ HAVE BEEM KNOWS! Tb i_IPT AMD CBACK. AsPHAln" PATHS " Copyright. 19.11, bv Cctitt«| Tress Association. Inc. DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Ctendenfng cnnnot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they win lo taKn up, In order, In the daily column. Address your Queries to Dr. Logan deadening, care of Tlie Globe-Gazelle. Write legibly ftnd not more than 200 word.1. BALANCED DIET BEST PREVENTIVE 'II7HEN such statements as those recently made by · V Dr. Robert Hutchinson are quoted one casts around to test them by actual experience. He said that people were healthier if they paid no attention to any hygienic rules and ate what they wanted with no consideration of anything but appetite. His remarks made quite a hit with a great many doctors, and justly so. People who think about their health nil the time, and who are constantly worrying about balancing their diet, are likely to create an atmosphere of ill-health by that very fact. But we have learned certain facts about diet that must be deliberately applied in order to produce a healthy result. Food balancing is one of the only two real and definite methods of preventive medicine we have. In .other days lack of this knowledge Dr. Clendenios 7 and application of these facts led to a great deal of scurvy and rickets and other diseases which are now very largely prevented. It is all right to say let your appetite be your guide in a community where the food supply is plentiful and varied. But in regions where this is not true a great deal of preventable disease develops. As an illustration of this, we have lately had the report on a survey of conditions in Labrador. The report shows that the inhabitants buy their total supplies for a year at one time--fioui, molasses, oleo, etc. Their fresh food is mdstly fish. Some of them raise potatoes, turnips and cabbage, but hardly ever enough to last thru the winter. As a consequence, rickets, scurvy, undernutrition, beri-beri and night blindness are very common. , Their average daily ration is 2,610 calories, 104 grams of protein, 457 grams of carbohydrate, 43 grams of fat, half a gram of calcium, 2 grams of phosphorus and 0.019 grams of iron. This is very good so far as it goes, but the Labrador diet contains very small quantities of vitamins. The calcium is low, and widespread occurrence of bad teeth and dental decay is the result. The iron content is low, but was made up pretty well if molasses was consumed; but when families get prosperous they substitute sugar for molasses with a disastrous reduction of iron in the daily ration. This last statement alone serves to make one doubt the entire wisdom of Dr. Hutchinson's statement. · · · QUESTIONS FROM READERS B. B.: "I have had dizzy spells for the post year, mostly at lunch time in a restaurant. I have to wrap my legs around the chair to brace myself and dig my finger nails into my flesh to keep from losing- consciousness. Some possible underlying causes: Siege of epilepsy, seven years ago, no spells for five years. No medicine for two years. Sinus trouble. I have told some doctors about it, and they haven't taken any Interest in it. Even if It's nothing to worry about, it is very embarrassing when I catch myself lurching." Answer: Vertigo is due to irritation of the equilibrium organ located close to the Internal ear. Infection from the nasal sinuses will cause it. That association Is one of the reasons why the specialties of nose and throat and ear arc practiced together. I feel sure there are many doctors, especially in that specialty, who will know about and be interested in such cases. Editor's Note: Six pamphlets by Dr. ClenrtcnlnK can now he obtatncrl by Rending 10 cents In c o i n / f o r cnch and a flelf-ad- (tresscd, stamped envelope, to Dr. fxjRQn ClemlenlnK. In care of this paper, or Central Press Association, UK roist Twelfth street. Cleveland, Olilo. Tlic pamphlets arc: "Indigestion and Conptlimtlon," "Reducing nnd Calnlng," "Infant Feeding," ·Irutructiona for the Treatment of Diabetes." "Feminine Hygiene' and "The Caro of tlie Hair and Skin." JUST Copyrighted 1931 I!y EIXiAfl A. fJLKSI : AT THE END In spite of the burdens that trouble us all, In spite of life's sorrow and anguish and care There is always some glorious day to recall, There is always remembrance of happiness rare. However we grumble at life we still own Some memories pleasant we're glad to have known. Something of life has been tender and sweet; Some friends we've loved have been gentle and true; In spite of the trials we alt have to meet, In spite of the difficult tasks we must do, Still something of beauty and splendor remains To comfort the heartaches and pay for the pains. We mourn in our sorrow and whimper at care. We fret thru a trouble and frequently sigh; We doubt the good Lord in our days of despair As if never His sun had been seen in the sky. But always we find we have memories glad) Built out of the friendships and Soya we have had. EARLIER DAYS Uclng a Dally C'omiillntlon of I t i t n r r s t l n K Item* frurn the "Twenty Years Ago" riles u f tlio (ilobe-Gaietle. Sarah Bernharclt, the famous French actress, may be seen at the Wilson theater oh Wednesday, May 24. Managers Arthur and Heffner have a chance to procure the attraction on that date providing they guarantee the attraction $2,000 which are the only terms the company accepts. Managers Arthur and Heffner want to make sure that the engagement ia wanted here and for that reason are listing the town. In case they do not see you and you desire to see this famous actress, call at the theater and leave your name. The Dutch club had another one of its good feeds and times last evening when Miss Marjory Kuppinger entertained at her home on North Main street. Miss Nan Murphy of Owatonna, who arrived in the city yesterday for an over Sunday visit with her friend, Miss Frances Gleason, was also the guest of the club last evening. A flying stunt from Duluth to Minneapolis will be undertaken by V. B. Jossenberger who is connected with the Deroplane company of Columbia, S. Car., who was in the city yesterday. He wants to put on an exhibition here and was In conference with the racing association while here and perhaps will be here during the Cedar Valley meet. His flight between the two Minnesota cities will take place in June. A letter from Miss Cora Hathorn intimates that she will spend a part of the coming summer at Georgian Bay, Ont., with a party of girls from the Roches ter, N. Y., university. Dr. F. G. Murphy, this city, Is getting ready the speech "of his life. He was commanded by E. E. Door committee on arrangements for the Iowa State Medi cal association convention which will be held in De: Moines on May 17, to respond to the address of wel come. Mayor F. M. Norrls will entertain the city counci this evening- at his home. Plans for a big feed and a social meeting are made. Elmer Russell, the well known auto repair man formerly with the Hathorn Auto company, has now become associated with A. B. Hunkins in the auto repair business. A. M. Roesdahl, formerly of Clear Lake, who spen last summer in Denmark and enjoyed every minute of his trip including the ocean voyage, tells a mos delightful story of his trip explaining the quaint things of Copenhagen and other parts of Denmark In a mos interesting manner. He is now in the employ of the Milwaukee in the chief clerk's department. The double office of -preacher and teacher will be filled at Fertile by Carl Schmidt who has recently been elected principal of the schools and also has been extended a call to the pastorate of the Christian church there. The combination will work well, so Mr Schmidt thinks. Mr. Schmidt is a graduate of Mem orial university and for some years was pastor of th church of his denomination at Nora Springs. The past year and a half he has been doing carpenter work In Mason City and for a time went to Nora Springs every Sunday but of late has been going to Fertile He ifl an able speaker and a good student. The following filed certified bills of expense attendant to their candidacy during the recent city elec tion: H. S. Stanbery, $14; H. C. Rief, ?10.50; C. M Swale, ?20; John Stanton, 5107.94. Informal discussion of a city scales and a sealer of weights and measures was Indulged in by the boarc of supervisors today. They expressed themselves in favor of such a convenience and also In favor of a sealer of weights and measures. A number of visitors In the board room this morning expressed favorable sentiments with reference to the, projects and also to take some drastic action toward regulating the speed of autos when within the city limits. YOU'RE THE JUDGE THR PARENTS of Mary Abigail Dudd, living in A village, thot it would be well to send Mary to a commercial college in the neighboring city. They bought her a scholarship in the Success Business col Icjje, good for one term of 14 weeks. ,The scholarship carried on its face the stipulation that the Succes school reserved the right to require Its students tr board in homes approved by its faculty and to cance the scholarship anil require the withdrawal of an student who violated this rule. And so Mary Abigal started to school. Mary found rooms at the homo of a certain Mrs Jones nnd arranged for board at Mrs. Bilikins', a recommended by tlie college. But in n short tinn the school notified Mary that she would have to leavi Mrs. Jones' home. The young woman 1 answered tha she was only rooming- at Mrs. Jones' home, hut wa taking board at the home of Mrs. Bilikins, who hai the recommendation of the school. Nevertheless th school decided that Mary Abigail Dudd was disobed lent and suspended her. Whereup she sued the college JTmv ivmiM yon decide Uiis cose? SFaltn up your mind before you read llic decision Tim decision: Tllft^ court held JlK^lnst Hifr Rlrl. Tlie JnilRi^ rrnsonocl l h u « : Tim wor'I "IfOftrd" rncana Ioc!,;fn^ an well as food. See tli« iltd llonary. It wan certainly uacil In tnat ncn.ie In the contract. Th school rccotnmtcilccl lira. Blliklna both for food and Kxltlnj. Answers Q. Is Charllo Chaplin a Jew? I. A. A. The "American Hebrew" snys; A Jewish gamin In Whitechapel, ioth his parents having been 'stajf- rs,' this sprig of humanity was in audeville at 7." Q. When did the lirst U. S. congress meet? 1*. D. A. On Wednesday, March i, 1789, ome of the members of each house appeared and took their seats. A uorum was not present in either louse, so both adjourned. They met ind adjourned from day to day until Vpril 1, upon Which day a quorum vas present in the house of repre- entatives, whereupon it was organized. Upon April 6, a quorum vas organized. Upon April a quorum was present in the senate, and ts official business was begun. Q. When \vus tlio first Mgh school atubllshRd In U. S.T C. G. A. In Boston in May, 1821. Q. Where did President Jackson buy glass for white house use? W. N. A. It was purchased in Pittsburgh m congressional orders. Q. How long have there been Humner camps for girls? P. K. A. As early as 1888 Dr. and Mrs. jUther H. Gulick had a camp on the Thames river, Conn., for their daughters, and, as they grew up, hey Invited others to join on a paying basis. However, a camp exclusively for girls and of some im ortance was not organized until .902. Miss Laura I. Mnttoon cstab- Ished in 1902 Camp Keiionka, Wolfeboro, N. H., which was a real camp in the best sense of the word. Today there are about 200 well established private summer camps for girls and about 250 more that cannot as yet be considered permanent. Q, What ivas tho first play Oeorgo Washington ever sav«? S. W. "The Tragedy of George Barn- veil," seen when he was in the Bar- hadoes with his sick brother, Lawrence. He became a lover of the theater. Q. "Got" la tho perfect participle of get. Why Is It "forgotten?" M. H. A. There is no explanation. Q. Plraso explain how tho neon sifrrts are made. E. E. I. A. Neon Is a colorless, macUva as, which occurs In the atmosphere. Neon has the property ot jlowing with a peculiarly brilliant fiery-red tint, when an electric current is passed thru it In a near vacuum. For advertising purposes the gas is put into hollow glass, tubes which are twisted by a combined heat nnd blowing process Into the required shapes to make script letters. The air is removed by a vacuum pump. If a few drops of mercury are Inserted in the tuba ol neon, the light becomes a brilliant blue. In a yellow-tinted tube it appears green. O.. Why are locomotives now tmllt with so many wheels? C. H. W. A. To reduce the weight at any; one point on the rails. Q. What was tho first Intoxicating drink known? C. B. N. A. Wine was known in the remotest historical times. Q. Are tho courses in tho universities ot China given in English?. L. S. A. The foreign division of the office of education says that some of the courses in the universities in China are given in English, but there is a tendency to give the courses that are known in Chinese in that language. BO-BROADWAY "By JOSEPH VAN KAAI.TE~ N EW YORK, April 7.--Anything TRIPS FROM AN ACTOR--If tha attracts a crowd in New York. 1 attracts a crowd in New York. A truck drives up to a. curb and workmen get busy elevating a safe :a an upper office window. The hurrying throngs immediate halt, jravely fringe each side of the "Danger" sign on the pavement. As the safe rises, up go the chins if the crowd, their lips part and .here they remain, airing their tonsils till the safe disappears thru the tnen fllslntc grata office window. The crowd only to reassemble several block* further down the street In front ·( a window where a tired gentleman looking a whole lot like Edgar Allen Poe Is exhibiting a trayful of Mexican jumping beans. · · · "THE MEMORY LINGERS ON-1 Crowds hurrying across City Hall Park about half past eight one morning slackened their pace to rubber jver their shoulders at a window washer dizzily aloft on the neighboring Woolworth building manicuring and massaging the topmost panes. , All day long this Interest transmitted to succeeding strata of the crowd, was manifested. At six o'clock--the window washer, long since having quit, thousands of men and women still gawked at Woolworth tower. 'What are you lookln' at?" I inquired of a bulbous-eyed and persistent starer. ^Search me, Mac," he replied. Naturally, I disregarded the invitation. stage and the screen don't show signs or improvement pretty; soon, it won't be for want of critics. Here's Eddie Robinson, tho screen's greatest gangster, telling us just where tho dance of all tha difficulties begins. Eddie thinks that lack of versatile writing is largely to blame for the varicose veins that show up here and there. "Writers haven't kept pace with the public mind," he says. "Ttjflt'.a.- why the stage is gasping for -- / And then he rolls up his sleeves, spits on his hands and scribbles the following prescription: "Be honest. Don't resort to tricks to gain' your points. Make your characters natural and lifelike and put yourself in their places." That's all there Is to it. It's easy. Try it some time. · · « S KUNK DESTTJNK--A New York fur dealer comes forward with, the glad news that thru breeding experiments the odorless skunk has come to stay. The perfume of the polecat was bestowed by nature on the "little dappled quadruped" as a weapon of defense. To deprive puasy-with- thc-strlpes of Its distinguishing- characteristics is as revolutionary on Innovation as depriving a politician of his savoir-faire. Savoir-faire has been defined as "ability to lie effectively without a moment's notice." Who's Who and Timely Views NYE STILL DEFENDS PRIMARY SYSTEM By GERALD P. NYE Senator From North Dakota ' " CTRICTLY" SPEAKING the direct primary election method, of nominating candidates calls for no defense except by reason of the p o s s i b ility that people will blindly consider the at- taeks made upon it. When given a choice between the primary and its only known alternative, the convention, the cause of free and representative government must, in the face of e x p e r i e n c e , choose the primary as clearly · preferable. Senator With all the ills Gerald F. Nyo attendant upon the conduct of primary campaigns It still is not practicable tn right- about-face and return to the convention system and the evils attending it. With the convention system the candidate without the favor of bosses and corrupt political machines has little · more than the ghost of a chance to succeed. The convention brot \vith It dummy candidates who held delegates for the purpose of trading for favor alone; it found the bosses gerrymandering districts from ' which delegates were to be chosen; it was accompanied by the bribery and corrupting of delegates; it permitted those in control to ignore duly elected delegates and thru fraud and trickery deny their cre- dentials in favor of thise proposed by men favoranie to the machine but not from people in any sense; it gave power to selfish interests allied with the invisible governments of political bosses; it brot with it a bargaining- for offices and spoils thru trading of votes for candidates. In a few wards, the convention system offered itself to those possessing great political power as a means to the destruction of the will and wish of the people. With each disclosure of lavish outlays of money used in primary campaigns there comes from politicians the cry of "down with the primary; let us go back to the convention." These politicians ascribe to the primary all the evils of the Increased use of monty and corruption which have been revealed in tlie past decade. Our hope lies, we are told, in a return to that unsullied and ruspectable convention system. The primary Is certainly not perfection. But it is n. vast improvement over the convention system. The primary serves as a torch. It illuminates dark places. It discloses rather than creates evils and corruption. It was fashioned to curb corruption. This It has done. It has made public offices more representative of the people by opening doors long closed to men without the favor of party bosses, without fortunes to prosecute campaigns, and without the favor of those willing to finance the campaigns o£ their kind of men. K

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