The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 22, 1937 · Page 1
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March 22, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, March 22, 1937
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f U f l L O « E R '....?' W E M a aHi O E P T O F NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS N E I G H B O R S " H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII FIVE CENTS A COP* ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, MARCH 22, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 143 Hopkins Is Good Talker . Sees Nothing Temporary in Relief Situation.. HUGHES LETTER ON COURT READ By CHARLES P. STEWART . A S H I N G T O N , (CPA) --Relief G e n eralissimo Harry L. Hopkins is an ext r a o r dinarily good talker. I listened to him recently. It w a s an "off t h e record" chat-- not to be quoted. H o w e v e r , I observed t h a t he had a mic- r o p h o n e i n front of him. Hence I concluded t h a t t h e r e w a s nothing particularly confidential about his remarks, since they were broadcast to everywhere that the ether would take them. He has said · substanlially the same thing on many another an occasion, anyway. So there cannot be much harm 5n drawing a few conclusions from this latest of his utterances. 'Permanent Relief. The nub of Hopkins' speech was this, using no quotation marks: Basically there is nothing temporary about the relief situation in the United States. Four to five million families are destined to be dependent indefinitely upon incomes,, of their own, too small to support them decently. Such incomes will have to be supplemented by public money, provided by taxation. Furthermore, said Hopkins, it does not matter that a family's poverty may be due to the more or less willfiiL failure of its head, to care for it properly. Even if so, it must be adequately nourished. Society Has Duty. Suppose, Hopkins suggests, that the head of a family does drink. Suppose he is lazy, and will not work when, work is available. Suppose he is in the penitentiary. .' : Suppose, he has just been elec- ,, tro cu teti, : le ay ing a .destitute wife yf r.The"wife : and'-cfiiidr'enfmust not b e .left t o semi-starvation^ · ' · ' . · ' , Surely no one will quarrel with this proposition. The 'families of drunkards and bums and criminals are in hard luck. It is up to society to do the best it can for them. Millions in Hard Luck. But the heads of as many as four or five million 'American families are not drunkards, bums and criminals. . A large proportion of them are in as hard luck as are their families. They would do well by their families if they were able to. They themselves are victims of a social- economic system that their families are sub-victims of. It is an old prohibition ment that drunkenness Superintendent Breaks Down at Blast Probe argu- causes poverty, the fact undoubtedly being that, in a. great majority of cases, poverty causes drunkenness. It is discouraging to a man to work if he cannot make a living by doing so. Maybe a certain amount of criminality results from the hardships that folk o£ a certain class live under. Should Be Attacked. It would seem that the system should be attacked; not its symptoms. . . . Yes, the innocent children of a man who has been electrocuted '"shouti^ be supported; they were not guilty. But what can one expect from such children? If an individual has been brought up on relief, from the age ol 2 or 3 to near-maturity, is il nol natural for him to expect to live on relief permanently? Is he not almost entitled to consider it his right to be publicly supported? fJo Remedy for It. . Oh, if his father was a drunkard or was electrocuted, there is no remedy for it! Society must do its best and take its chances. But the system manifestly is faulty. ' Harry L. Hopkins, however, does not care a hoot for the system. Relief is his fetish.. . . Hopkins is a confirmed welfare worker. And a good one. But he is not much of an economist. He prescribes for symptoms; not for diseases. ' '.' ' ADMITS SCHOOL HAD NO PERMIT TO TAP GASLINE Believed Head of Company Did Not "Particularly Object" toll. NEW LONDON, Tex., (#·)--Su- perintendent W. C. Shaw, a frail man torn with grief since the London school blast killed 455 of ,his pupils and teachers and his own son, broke down Monday during the testimony before a military court of inquiry and was taken from the witness stand to an adjoining room. Shaw just had testified that although the school had no definite authorization to "tap" a Parade Gasoline pipeline lor gas to supply the school heating system, he was "of the opinion" the company's superintendent did not "particularly object." "I don't know what they want to keep shooting these pictures for," Shaw said to Maj. Gaston B. Howard, presiding officer of the court, turning his head toward two cameramen. Appeals to Cameramen. Major Howard asked the photographers to desist. Then the major saw that Shaw was considerably shaken and suggested that the superintendent might have a rest if he desired. Stone Wells, Rusk county district attorney assisted him to a cot. Shaw told. Captain'-Ed Clark, .court, member, . he didn't believe JLhei-scKobl^bpardj-.had^ placed the "decision to 'use Parade; GasTM company gas in the minutes of their meeling. "J would have, to go far back for some of this," he said. "I don't believe we even put that in the minutes." Q. You believe, don't you, that the company just didn't want to get compromised? Not a. Secret. A. I should think so. It was no a secret at all. We went down anc made the connection. It was no buried deep or anything. The United Gas company knew it positively. We told them. Q. Did they warn you there might be some danger connectec with it? A. It was my understanding tha after the conncclion was made they said there might be some danger. -But we saw through that We thought they just wanted the business. They offered to make a test for us one night but didn' show up. Inspected Other Plants. Shaw said the school board de cided lo buy gas instead o£ steam heat a£ter'it had inspected severa such installations in east Texas He said the original plans were submitted to the stale board o£ ed ucation which has a building ad visory board/ These plans were approved, Shaw said, before tin change in radiation was made. Q. When the change was made, did you resubmit the plans? A. No. Q. · During the time the board considered the advisability of tying into the Parade line was there any reference to what you would do i£ you were disconnected by the Signing Homestead Tax Relief Bill Gov. Nelson G. Kraschcl is shown here signing into law the Iowa homestead tax relief bill. Left to riffht back o£ him are Atty. Gen. John H. Mitchell, Rep. Roy Sours of Charles City, sponsor of the bill in the house, and Senator Albert J. Shaw of Pocalumtas, senate sponsor. (Town. Daily Press Photo) . try make similar connections for their homes. We told Mr. Clover that we intended to tie on to his line. He said the company Iried to discourage such connections, just as other companies do, but he had no personal objection." Afraid of Accidents. Clark informed the military court that his company discouraged connections because of the possibility ot legal entanglements in the event of accident. .Football Coach R. .L. Moore touched;.on Shaw's.reaction to the tragedy 'Irirtestimoriy" with: - -:· -·.'.-.- "" "I saw. the explosion from-, my home on a nearby hill. "The first person I saw was Mr. Shaw. He was staggering around the school, holding his hands to his eyes and crying--'my God, those poor children.'" Legislative Probe Canceled. State Senator Joe Hill, representing a legislative committee at the hearing, said a proposed legis- l a t i v e investigation, originally scheduled for Henderson Monday, had been canceled. "We will use the record o£ the military board of inquiry for any information we want. We couldn't go any deeper than the board of inquh'y has." The ordeal of burying the dead was almost completed. Throughout the Sabbath day thousands flocked to b u r i a l grounds near the derricked slopes. At Pleasant Hill, where the majority were buried, gathered. a vast throng Economics Teachers Will Meet in April DES MOINES, (/P)--Approximately 200 teachers of economics will attend the annual three day conference of the Midwest Economics association in Des Moines beginning April 15. Last Day for Paying Tax on 1936 Payroll DES MOINES, (fP) -- Monday was the last day in which Iowa employers may pay the 1 per cent tax on 1936 payrolls before application of penalties, Hie Iowa unemployment compensation commission announced. , L . . Parade? Talked It Over. A. We talked it over with the United Gas they were reconciled by then--and they said they would leave their connection and give us service in an hour or so and be glad to do so. On the records was the assertion of an oil company foreman that the gas used, in heating the school was piped without his knowledge .from his employer's residue line and, he felt certain, without any proper authority. .Field Foreman D. L. Clark ol the Parade Gasoline company gave the testimony which prompted J. R. Kern, .a. school board member, to retort in an interview that af least one Parade official knew of the gas pipeline connection. He said Earl Glover, superintendent of the company, was aware and added "it was common knowledge in the vicinity of the school." No Warning Odor. Gas used at the school came originally from the oil fields. It had been stripped of natural gasoline content before being sent back, colorless and without a particularly warning odor, through the line to which the school was connected. Legislation is nearing passage in Texas to inject color into heating gas as a safety measure. "We didn't make any effort to conceal our connection," said Kern. "People all over this coun- In some cases national guardsmen, keeping order under martial law orders, had to fill in as pall bearers. Bury Wrong: Child. In one instance, parents buried a child as their own only lo learn later the little girl still was in a morgue. The grove was opened again, Hie child identified as thai of another, and re-burial rites held. Parents fainted at gravesides and emergency calls were broadcast by short wave for al! nurses and "strong men" in nearby East Texas villages to respond. Fifty nurses went to the scene and emergency first aid stations were established. Scores of ministers w e : through the second day of intoning one tribute after another. One 01 the most active was reported on the verge of collapse after his church had been crowded with dead and mourners. By Artificial Li(rht. By artificial light generated by motor car, they buried the dead Well past midnight parents stil stood beside graves while workmen tenderly lowered their bodies in rich oil land. Grave diggers always halted their work while services were being held. Sightseers wore banned fronr thc section and mourning relatives and friends ot the dead alom were permitted to travel into thi tragedy ridden area. Everyone, everywhere sense the sadness of the day. All seemed in accord with Gov James V. Allred's pleading: "Let us highly resolve that ni such disaster shall ever again bi visited upon any community o home." Fire Razes Entire Village in Rumania BUCHAREST, Rumania, (UP --Fire Monday destroyed the en tire village of Bolsu, 70 mile from here. Al least 2,800 person were made homeless when 30 houses burned. Two children wcr injured 1937 IOWA AUTO DEATH TOLL 82 Violent Deaths Claim 1 : in Iowa in Week; Five Killed in Cars. DES r , MOINES,: (IP) -- Violen deaths claimed 13 persons in low ; - . otnob' i le ac eiderit vict irns:' aiicT *tw men -who were beheaded in, an ex ilosioh of a makeshift heating ystem. The week's violent death list to aled the same as the previou veelc. The auto accident victim Joosted Ihe year's loll lo 82 ompared with 67 for the corre ponding period a year ago. Auto accident victims were Hob ert Dinsmore, 46. Hillsboro; Car oil Granzow, 18, Owasa; Mrs fames Bowers, Conrad; Alber lieman, 76, Oakville, and Thoma O'Connor, Sioux City. Dewey Wheeler, 40, and Elme Anderson, 45, of Brooklyn wer Beheaded when a makeshift wate leater exploded. Death of Mrs. Allen Rich, 32, o Mount Pleasant was attributed t fall on the ice five weeks ear ie'r. Ernest Lindstrom, 28, of De Moines, died 22 hours afler bein shot in what officers said was confessed attempt to "hijack" li quor. Warren Freie, 36, Ogden, died o njuries sustained while operatin a buzz saw. Mrs. Joseph Duschei-, 58, Du buque, ended her life by takin ;as. George S. McCorkle, 40, Palo stabbed himsel£ fatally with autcher knife. Frank Herink near Vining died attcr shoolin limself. Plan Insanity Defense for Slayer of Girl, 10 NEW YORK, (#")--An insanity defense was planned Monday for Salyatore Ossido, who police say has confessed killing 10 year old Einer Sporrer alter enticing her into the rear o£ his Brooklyn barber shop. DETROIT POLICE CONTINUE MIR FACTORY RAIDS gnore Threat of Citywide Strike as They Evict Sit Downers. DETROIT, (/P)--Ignoring threats f a city wide automotive strike if aids on striker held plants con- inued, police Monday entered the plant o£ the Thomas P. Henry 'rinting company, and evicted strikers who have occupied the place since March- 11. The strikers surrendered peacefully. Fifty policemen entered the printing plant at 8:35 a. m. (CST) apparently taking the approximately 30 strikers by surprise. The strikers were questioned at ,he plant. Circuit Judge Homer Ferguson ssued an order last week on the strikers to show cause why an in- unction should not issue, forbidding them to occupy the plant. Sheriff Too Busy. An atlorney for Ihe company nolified Judge Ferguson Saturday lhat Sheriff Thomas C. Wilcox had been unable to serve notice o£ the court order because of the press of other duties, and that the police had declined to eject the strikers. Judge Ferguson continued a scheduled, hearing until. Monday and declared that the police department had..the power.: to eject tbe'strilieri~"i£ ..they.-want ;to* do it- : -:^!.'··:····· ^ : K':':''.'V :: '!'ft-rn;:;A' ·· Twehty:Tninutes after the'police arrived, 28 strikers emerged, carrying folding cots, canned goods and other impedimenta of their 11 day occupation. Not Umler Arrest. They were not placed under arrest. Some said they were going home. Others said they were going to union headquarters. Thomas P. Henry, the proprietor, said the plant would resume operation on an open shop basis and that applications for re-employment would be considered from the strikers who, he said, "ceased lo be employes last week." The Henry plant has been nonunion. Recognition of the Interna- tiona) Typographical Union is the major strike issue. Mayor Frank Couzens declared that the raids would continue on captive plants where the police had reason to believe non-em- ployes were among the occupants. He expressed doubt the workers would follow a leadership that would call a citywide automotive strike, and said that a strike of workers who were just emerging from the depression would be "inhuman." Organize "Minute Men." The II. A. W. also disclosed the organizalion of "minute men" among members, along military lines, with the avowed purpose of 'protecting strikers and the right .o strike." A telegram from U. A. W. officers of 29 Detroit locals said that 'because of a grave situation House Rejects Separate Iowa Motor Department Opposes 69-28 Reinsertion*,, of Provision Stricken LOOK I N S I D E FOR- Out by Senate. DES MOINES, W-- Still riding roughshod over proposals to create new boards, bureaus or commissions, the Iowa house of representatives Monday rejected by a lopheavy vote, a proposal to set up a new motor vehicle and motor patrol department entirely independent of the office of secretary of stale. It voted 09 to 28 to reject an amendment by its committee on motor vehicles which proposed to reinsert in the regulatory act the same plan which the senate previously turned down. The house also was prepared to hack into senate amendments adding 50 more men to the motor patrol system this year, and a like number in 1838. Deaf to Fleas. In rejecting the committee recommendation, t h e house turned deaf ears on the plea of Representative R. G. Moore (D) o£ Dunlap, and Representative B. B. Hickenloopcr (R) o£ Cedai Rapids, that to adopt the amendment would not revise the 'present setup except lo divorce il office ot secretary of The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Snow or rain probable Monday night and Tuesday; sliffhlly warmer in extreme eastern portion Monday night. MINNESOTA: Increasing cloudiness, probably snow !n .south portion late Monday and Tuesday and in northwest Tuesday; not quite so cold In north portion Monday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Monday morning: Maximum Sunday 37 Above Minimum in Night 25 Above At 8 A. M. Monday 26 Above Snow , ""-:ace Figures for like period erk-ing at 8 o'clock Sunday morning: Maximum Saturday 45 Above Minimum in Nlfjht 26 Above . At 8 A. M. Sunday 29 Above North Iowa was given a snowy introduction to spring Monday morning. The precipitation got under way in the early hours in a gentle way. At 8 o'clock it wasn't mensurable but before the forenoon had got well under way, the ground had a real white. covering of created by police and the mayor in attacking the right of strikers Lhroughout the city, the international officers have decided to take 'decisive steps." The telegram said that "a general strike may be necessary," and instructed local officers to "appoint special strike committees" but to "take no strike action until instructed" by Homer Martin, president of the U. A. W. The issue of sole bargaining rights continued to deadlock negotiations for a settlement of the strike in eight Chrysler corporation plants here with nearly 80,000 workers idle. To Propose Truce. Leaders of the committee for industrial organization, with which the U. A. W. is affiliated, were reported to be ready again to propose a truce between the strikers and the Chrysler corporation, under the terms o£ which the corporation would be asked to agree in writing not to negotiate with any bargaining agency other than the U. A. W. except with the approval of Governor Frank Murphy. Since Wednesday, 6,000 strikers occupying eight Chrysler plants have been in violation of a court injunction, but Sheriff Wilcox gave no indication that he was preparing to attempt the service ot writs calling for the arrest of the strikers. The Michigan sheriff's association, through Jerome S. Borden, o£ Kalamazoo, secretary, o f f e r e d Sheriff Wilcox the assistance o£ from the stale. The amendment provided foi the appointment of a commis sioner in charge at a salary o $3,600 a year. He would be namcf by the governor and approve by Ihe senate and would servi for 4 years. To further financ the department, another amendment ..would incrqase^tic driver' license;-.feis'jf rdm?257- to '· 50 "-cents? : : Rep..-Dean W. Peisen (R) o Eldora, who told the house he would move to substitute his bi] for a consolidation of all polio and .iispection agencies into on unit, said the committee nrovi sion was "merely building up an octopus." Ton iHiicli Overlapping. "In two years time," he warned "you'll have a force of 350 officers treading on each other'; loos." Rep. Robert D. Blue (R) o Eagle Grove challenged the ne cessity for a change as did Rep resentalive H. W. Burma (R) o Allison. After defeating the committee proposal the house took up an amendment by Representative G L. Scott (R) of Fayette, to amcni the senate bill to provide for th addition of only 50 men in 1937 increasing the motor patrol fore to 100 and with no provision fo additional men in 1938. He fur Iher proposes lo reduce Ihe su pervisory force from 22 to 14. Action Put Off. Action in this move was de fen-Ed as the house took a mid day recess. Action in the lower chambe on the vehicle bill was take over the protests of Reprcsenta live C. L. Rice (D) of Delta, wh wonted to sidetrack it for tin: time to dispose of the sales tax re-enactment measure already passed by the senate. Immediately before tha noon recess the senate passed a bill prohibiting operation of beer taverns within 300 feet of a slate GEN. HUGH'S. JOHNSON Urges Legislation to Curb Wartime Profit PAGE 2 Farm-to-Market Road Measure Is Explained PAGE 8 6 Year .Public Works PAGE 12" Mussolini's African Act Recalls Kaiser Wilhelm PAGE 4, COL. 2 M'ENANEYWILL HEAD 'SIFTERS' Mason Cityan to Be Named Chairman of House Committee. (Iowa Daily Press Bureau) DES MOINES--Representative Morgan McEnaney (D), Mason City, will be named chairman ol the silting committee in the Iowa house next week, it was learned on reliable'authority Monday. Speaker LaMar Foster will appoint the commitlee, expected to be composed o£ nine members, about Wednesday or Thursday. The committee will determine the course of most o£ the legislation to come before the house in Ihe dying days of (he session. The house calendar, with 160 bills islcd on il at present, will be taken over and only bills reported out by Ihe group will be acted EFFICIENCY NOT TO BE AIDED BY ADDING JUDGES Wheeler Cites Own Record as Liberal in Opposing Roosevelt Plan. WASHINGTON, (#)--Chief Justice Hughes, in a letter presented to the senate judiciary committee Monday by Senator Wheeler (D,, Mont.), said that an increase in the number o£ supreme court justices "would not promote the efficiency of the court." The chief justice made it clear that he was commenting on an Increase from the standpoint o£ efficiency and "apart from any question o£ policy," which he said "I do not discuss.'" Wheeler, opening testimony in opposition to the Roosevelt court bill, began by reading the Hughes letter which the chief justice said was approved by Justices Van JDe- vanter and Brandcis. Letter Creates Stir. The letter created a stir among the big crowd which had assembled in the caucus room long before the hearing started to listen to the Montana democrat open the opposition to the court bill. Hughes was emphatic in his statement that the proposed in- I crease in the number of justices "would not promote the efficiency of the court," I "It is believed," he added, "that it would impair that efficiency so long as the court acts as a unit; "There would be more judges to hear, more judges to confer, more judges to discuss, more judges to be convinced and to dscide. The present number of ·, justices '.is thougT5trta:b"E?lHi'gS; 1 6ftQu41i:sb:far J ;,' as the prompt, adequate and'effi- cient conduct of the work of the court is concerned. . Questions of Policy. "As I have said, I do not speak of any other considerations in view of the appropriate attitude of the court in relation to questions o£ policy. "I understand that it has been suggested tliat witli' more justices the court could hear cases in divisions. It is believed thai such a plan would be impracticable. A large proportion of the cases we hear are important and a decision park or state institution. board o£ control Ends Life by Gas. DUBUQUE, (JP)--Mrs. Joseph Duscher, 58, ended her life by gas. 1,000 deputies to eject the Chrysler strikers. Elsewhere on the .strike front: BETHLEHEM, Pa.--C. I. O. announced intention o£ demanding Bethlehem Steel Corp., recognize the union as bargaining agenl for all Bethlehem employes. PROVIDENCE, R. I.--Poll ot 400 C. I. O. members finds scnli- menl in favor of closing 1,405 retail stores in city. NEW YORK -- Typographical union local votes support of C. I. O. criticizes A. F. of L. policies. "WORK OF COMMUNISTS" IN AUTO STRIKE PRAISED MOSCOW, (UP)--K. Redmill, writing in the communist international magazine No. 2, Sunday praised the "work of communists in the General Motors strike" at Detroit and Flint, Mich. "During the entire strike," he said, "communists were active in a leading role. They conducted many sided work in helping strikers, collected money and carried out demonstrations of solidarity. "The communist party through its central organ, the New York Daily Worker, gave advice on how to conduct the struggle and in many instances this advice was adopted." ' ^ upon. Only by a suspension ot the rules, which requires consent of two-thirds ot the membership, will a representative succeed in withdrawing a bill from the sifting group and placing it on the new calendar. The committee usually consists of one representative from each of the nine congressional districts. W. A. Yager (D), Spirit Lake, and William J. Drccsen (D), Breda, are expected to be among the appointees. Dress-Up For E A S T E R 5 Shopping Days Left by a part of the court would be unsatisfactory." Hughes' letter was written to Wheeler in response lo inquiries from Ihe Montana senator "with respect to the work o£ the supreme court." Consults 2 Others. The chief justice said that "on accounl of the shortness of time I have not been able to consult with the members of the court generally, but I am confident that it is in accord with the views of the justices." "I should say, however,TM he added, "that I have been able to consult with Mr. Justice Van Devanter and Mr. Justice Brandeis, and I am at liberty lo say that the statement is approved by them." Hughes began his letter with a statement that "the supreme court is fully abreast of its work." Hughes struck back at testimony before the committee by Attorney General Cummings that the court had too much work on applications for ccrtiorari for its present membership to handle properly. Work Is Laborious. Without mentioning Cummings by name, he said, "the work of passing upon these applications for certiorari is laborious but tha court is able to perform it adequately." An application for certiorari il a request that the supreme court review a decision of a lower court, court. "Observations have been made," Hughes added, "as to the vast number of pages of record."; and briefs that are submitted in the course of a term. The tolal is imposing but the suggested conclusion is hasty and resls on an illusory basis." In his letter--running almost 2,000 words--the chief justice made it plain that the court did not wish to inject its views into the proposal of President Roosevelt to inject "new blood" into the judiciary to obtain more liberal decisions. Deals With Procedure. Most o£ the letter dealt with procedure on application for certiorari, which have been the cen- ler of much o£ Ihe controversy in the hearings. Wheeler appeared at the committee room half an hour befora the sessions began. He told newspapermen exultantly about his letter from the chie£ justice expressing confidence it would carry great weight in the court dispute. The Hughe* ilatement ;was

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