The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 15, 1944 · Page 1
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March 15, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, March 15, 1944
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''"·' C O W P D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E ? C E S K O I N E S I A NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT GIVE MOKE JN'44 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' HOME EDITION VOL. I, Associated Press and United Presj Full Leased Wires (Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 19** This Paper Consists ol Two Sections--Section One NO. 1S7. Reds Liquidate Several Nazi Ukraine Divisions RUSSIANS KILL 10,000 TRYING TO FLEE TRAP Harbor of Nikolaev Closed With Advance on Black Sea Coast Moscow, f/P)--Red army troops are liquidating several trappcc nazi divisions in the southern Ukraine, the Russians said Wednesday, and in a smash along the Black" sea coast have closed the h a r b o r of Nikolaev, leavin Odessa as the only large port ii southern Russia still available to the Germans. Ten thousand Germans havi been killed and 4,000 captured al ready, a soviet communique said while trying to break out of th ' trap sprung by Gen. Rodion Y Malinovsky's~3rd Ukrainian army about 46 miles northeast of Ni kolaev and in the Bereznegovati Snigerevka area. Columns drivin in from the north and sout forged a ring o£ steel around th nazis. Other red army troops pushe 18 miles beyond captured Khcr son to cut the Germans line of es cape through Nikolaev harbo into the Black sea. T h e y cap tured Shirokaya Balka, 28 mile southeast of Nikolaev and les. than 10 miles from the mouth the southern Bug river, and so viet guns no\v control the exi from Nikolaev, the soviet bulletin said. The red army also closed in on Nikolaev from the north, captured Kiselevka, 21 miles to the east, and the rail station of Chek- hovichi, about 125 miles to the southeast. To the north, soviet units were said to have forced a crossing of the Bug river near Gaisin, a town about 50 miles southeast of Vin- nitsa, putting -them within 60 miles ft the Rumanian frontier. The soviet communique said Gaisin was captured and the river crossed to the north and_ south of it. The Russians also announced the capture of Mikhailovka on the banks of the Bug, 14 miles south of Vinnitsa. They declared the red army had swept up more than 230 localities in its advances on 3 Ukrainian fronts, 70 of them after heavy fighting west of Ki- rovograd, and including Novo Archangclsk, 28 miles southeast of Uman. s The announcement of the entrapment of the German divisions near Snigerevka followed within 3 weeks the Russian announcement that 10 nazi divisions were wiped out .in the Korsun ring, about 130 miles north of this area. "Desperate a .t t e m p t s of the enemy to break iout o£ the encirclement failed," ' the soviet war bulletin said. "Our troops are pressing in on the encircled German divisions and inflicting huge losses on them in manpower and material." ft. Red Cross War Fund Hears $40,000 Mark The Cerro Gordo county Red Cross war fund rose to ?39,940 Vednesday with the addition of §2,440 from various divisions and ommunities. The additional funds Wednesday came to large extent from rural reas of the county, where reports:;: * * * * * * * ndicate generous contributions. This leaves 511,560 yet to go n order to attain the quota of 351,500 set for Cerro Gordo county. This figure, however, is he minimum set for the county and it is hoped it will be oversubscribed. The national goal of the campaign is 5200,000,000, which funds are needed to carry on the Red Cross program at home and abroad. Cerro Gordo county's quota is for the purpose ot operating the big program of the Red Cross in the county, as well as for work ot the national organization both in America and in other parts of the world. 10.000 EASTMAN, ODT HEAD,DIES;WAS ILL ONE MONTH Was Considered One of Leading Authorities in Transport Field Washington, )--Joseph B. Eastman, 61, director of defense transportation, member of the Interstate Commerce Commission for 25 years, and one of the nation's foremost authorities in the transport field,' died Wednesday at Emergency h o s p i t a 1 after a month's illness. His physician said Eastman's death was sudden, resulting from a coronai'3' occlusion, or block in the artery that goes to the heart. He suffered a similar attack 4 veeks ago and since had been con- ined to bed. Eastman's death left vacant the ob of running the nation's \var- ime transportation system. Temporarily, his deputy, John L. Rog- :rs of Tennessee, also a member ot he ICC, will be in charge. LAUNCH 'ALL-OUT' DRIVE ON CASSINO * * WLB REJECTS AFL DEMANDS Higher Wage Ceiling Had Been Requested Washington. (iP)--The war labor .. board Wednesday rejected American federation oE labor demands for a higher wage ceiling. In a 3 way blow at organized labor's drive for liberalization of the wage stabilization formula, the board refused to approve the AFL petition requesting President Roosevelt "to modify realistically" the little steel formula, rejected a proposal to hold a public hearing on that petition, and turned down a third suggestion that it conduct a general hearing on wage stabilization for the' purpose of providing congress with inf9rmation on the subject. .. ·-...· The AFL petition had been before the board since 'Feb. 9. I was discussed on that date ant aagin one day last week; but did not come to a vote until Wednesday. The AFL a n d CIO members stood together in supporting the 3 motions, but received no sup- ·port f r o m WLB's industry and public members. As the total raised in the Cerro Gordo county Red Cross campaign went near the 540,000 mark Wednesday the 4th arm of the Red Cross symbol was all hut completely blacked out. A total of $39,940 has been raised so far in the campaign. When the goal of 551,500 is reached the entire symbol will be blacked out. IOWAN DROWNS IN SMALL GREEK Believed to Have Lost Control of Auto in Fog Grundy Center, (if) -- Jasper Hensley, 38, ot Grundy Center, was drowned in a small creek o ' j miles .southwest of here shortly after 7:30 o'clock Tuesday night. Hensley was on his way to Gilman and it is believed he lost control of his car in the fog. Uusually there are only a few inches of water in the creek but, because of tecent rains the water was about 3 feet deep. Hensley's car turned over when it left the road and he was pinned underneath it. Hensley had planned to return to Alaska this spring for his third season's work on the Alcan highway- Among survivors are 5 brothers in the armed services. HOUSE PASSES SERVICE BALLOT F. R. Reported to Be Undecided on Action Washington. (U.P.) -- The house Wednesday approved the compromise soldier vote bill and put it up to President Roosevelt for signature or veto. Administration s o u r c e s said that Mr. Roosevelt was still undecided and that there was no unanimity among his advisers as to what he should do. He has indicated- his primary consideration will be whether the bill "would permit more soldiers to vote than 'could do so under present law. The final bill, adopted by an overwhelming coalition of republicans and southern democrats put many limitations- on use of such n ballot and apparently would prevent any voting by service personnel from Kentucky and New Mexico. Federal ballots can be used only by persons overseas, only if states agree to accept them and count them, and only if the voter is im- Plan Now for Service Men, Hickenlooper I o w a n s on the home front should be planning now for an orderly assimilation of the state's 300,000 men in war service, Gov. B. B. Hickenlooper told the Mason City Lions club at the Green Mill Wednesday noon. "Although the total number of Americans in service in this war is only 3 times as gr^at as in the First World -war." the .chief executive said, "the rehabilitation problem is likely to be 5 or 6 times greater." In meeting the problem, said Mr. Hickenlooper, there are two general alternatives: 1. In the individual localities on a free enterprise basis. ...;' , 2. On a nationwide « ' s c a l e through the devices of paternalism. . "My own great preference," he added, "would be to see the first o£ these alternatives adopted. The job is one that must be done, however. If it isn't handled. and handled adequately on the local or state level, it will be handled federally. We may as well make up our minds to that." Objection to the paternalistic that rehabilitation A native of Katonah, N. Y., Easl- nan. was never married. His pub- .ie career began in Massachusetts when he became secretary of the xiblic franchise league of Bos- Lon in 1906. Subsequently, he represented employes in various disputes with the street railway company, and in 1915 became a member of the state public service commission. He was named to the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1919, and since had served continuously. When President Wilson appointed him to the ICC at the age of 36 he was the youngest man ever to assume commission:,membership. Successive presidents, republican and democrat, gave him new appointments. Politically, he was listed as an "independent." The late Justice Louis D. Brandeis once remarked, "Joe Eastman has more interest in public service and less in his own career than any man I have ever known." The 2 were long close Iriends. President Roosevelt made Eastman co-ordinator of the railroads in 1933, charged with effecting operating economies at the d.egtlj of the depression, and he served in that r post until it 1 was abolished in 1936. In his Ion Ford Company Asks Help of State Police Detroit, (fi)--The Ford Motor company, reporting production of, its Rouge plant curtailed approximately 75 per cent by an automobile picket line Wednesday morning and complaining that protection afforded by police o[ suburban Dearborn was made quate. Wednesday requested assignment of state police to Dear- bora. A telegram to Guv. Harry F. Kelly from Supt. R. Rausch of Ford's Rouge plant also asked the governor "to initiate removal proceedings against such officials of the city of Dearborn who are responsible for this refusal to render proper police protection." Rausch asked Kelly to assign sufficient state police "to give the company the police protection necessary to enable it to maintain an uninterrupted flow ot war materials to our armed forces/' Both company spokesmen, who reported a majority of the day shift workers back on their jobs at mid-morning, and representa- .ives of workers explain the picketing demonstration. but agreed it was not authorized by the union. Rausch's telegram blamed it on 'a small group of irresponsible union members, m o s t of whom had been discharged with the consent of the officers of the TJAW-CIO because of an unauthorized work stoppage." Rausch s a i d the police wer LORENZEN, 58, IS CONVICTED IN DEATH OF WIFE Life Term Recommended for Ida Grove Farmer Who Poisoned Mate Ida Grove, (/P)--William Lor- cnzen, 58 year old farmer,, was convicted of first degree murdci Wednesday in the poison death of his wife, Mae, last October "he stale charged he put poison n a bottle of vitamin pills she vas accustomed to taking. The 12 man jury, which had jeen out since 5:45 p. in. Tucs- lay, returned the verdict at 11:05 i. m. and fixed the punishment is imprisonment for life at hard labor. Judge Bruce M. Snell set March 25 at 10 a. m. as the date for im- t h e united automobile (CIO) were unable to posing sentence and hearing mo- Lions for a new trial or filing exceptions to his final instructions to the jury. The defense has until March 24 to file for a new trial. The jury, under the foremanship of George Koch, fixed the punishment as life imprisonment at hard labor in spite of the prosecuting attorneys demand for the maximum penalty, namely death by hanging. The jury recessed during the night. f The farmer was charged Eastman was Washington career, known as an extremely hard worker, arriving at his office regularly at 8:30 a. m., and working far into the night, with brief time-outs for a short nap on a leather couch in his office, and a workout on the roof of a downtown athletic club, When he first c a m e to the ICC, the railroad industry viewed him as unfriendly, due partly to his advocacy of federal ownership of :the carriers. In later years, Eastman executives got able 'to get a state ballot. GRAVENTOlE RECOMMENDED Senate to Act Next Week on Nomination Pup Trips Mother; Baby in Arms Hurt Fatally St. Louis, CU.R)--A playful puppy, her children's pet, was blamed Wednesday for tripping Mrs. Floyd Koster, 25, on the stairs and causing her to fall with her baby in her arms. The child was killed. Mrs. Koster was not injured. Washington, (JP) -- Confirmation of the nomination of Henry N. Graven of Mason City for northern Iowa federal district judge approach is \vould be on a "dole basis," the governor explained. 'The fighting man in this war, as in all other wars." he declared, 'is interested in productive employment under a system of free enterprise. He wants a job--not a. dole." ' ! The governor explained, however, that generous financial aid to service men should and would be accorded as a "debt of gratitude." How important service men's influence is destined to be in the affairs of Iowa was suggested by Mr. Hickenlooper in pointing out that the 300,000 fighting men will have 300,000 wives of like viewpoint, along with 400,000 parents --a total of a million adults in an adult population ot something less than a million and a half. Reference was made to the rehabilitation commission set up by the last legislature for study and recommendations. Support of such constructive program as is advanced by that body was requested. "In looking ahead," he con- ludcd. "we must have it in mind hat many of those who left us as boys will come back to us as mature men who believe they lave earned the right to a secure place in our economy. In 2 or 3 years they are jumping the bridge from youth to maturity hat normally would take 10 to 12 years. "If we wait until they come liome to make a place for them, we're going to find that it's too ate. We'll be inviting trouble and confusion. We must plan ahead." Otto Sailer reported on a recent visit to the youth center in Cedar and the railroad along famously, but Eastman often found himself in conflict with labor organizations which objected to many of Eastman's proposals for rail coordination on the ground they would eliminate jobs. In an unusual tribute to their colleague, ICC members in 1939 abolished the long-time plan whereby the chairmanship rotated a n n u a l l y on the basis of seniority and elected Eastman to a 3 year term. There was talk then that lie would be the "permanent" chairman, but he had to give up the presiding officer's chair because of the added duties he took on in 1912. when he was made director of the wartime office of defense transportation. As ODT director, he not only had supervision over railroad operations down to telling the carriers how many trains they could run and where, but also acted as overseer of t h e nation's truck, school bits and taxicab fleets. either unwilling or fearful" to remove the blockade. .Wednesday's demonstration was the 2nd by workers on the afternoon shift in the plant manufacturing Pratt Sc Whitney aircraft engines. In the first demonstration Tuesday night they left their benches at 11:30 o'clock and parked automobiles in front of all gates. Wednesday morning they set up the line again and turned back the first day shift workers. A company spokesman said a majority of the workers entered the plant within half an hour after the picket tyie which jammed Scaefer highway for several blocks, had been dispersed. The company meanwhile planned radio appeals to others to return. The work interruption brought from R. J. Thomas, president of t h e ' United Automobile Workers (CIO) a statement that it had not been authorized and that it was "a serious mistake from any point of view." Any work stoppage at the Rouge aircraft plant, he said, would '·em- bitter the nation against our union." He urged all workers to return to their jobs. f A company spokesman continued to profess no knowledge as to what brought about the dispute. The aircraft building was the scene of a demonstration last week which resulted in the discharge of 10 employes and thn indefinite suspension of 10 others. Some workers expressed belief the new flareup resulted from rumors that further disciplinary measures were to be taken--rumors which were f l a t l y denied by the company. connection with the poison deatb of his wife, last Oct. 1, after h allegedly had become infaluatec with another woman. The death penalty was de manded by Ted Campbell, assist ant prosecuting attorney, in hi closing argument to the jury. Judge Bruce M. Snell's instruc tions gave the jury the choice o 4 verdicts: Guilty of murder i the first degree with the deal penally; guilty of murder in th first degree with life imprison ment: not guilty; and not guilt because of insanity. The defense was based on sanity. Lorenzen testified Mon day that he had been influence by '"witches" which appeared him frequently and told him "get rid" of his wife. LONDON DIGS OUT AFTER RAIDS Intensity Rivals That o f ' 4 1 Nazi Attacks IN CHARGE OF FBI Des Moines, (iP) -- Ernest E. Kuhnel, 40, has begun his duties as agent in charge at the Des Moines office of the federal bureau of investigation, succeeding James Dalton, who has gone to Huntington, W. Va., as Runnel's Successor as agent in charge there. will be recommended Monday by the senate judiciary committee, an aide to Chairman McCarran (D.. Nev.) said Wednesday. The nomination then probably will be acted upon by the senate Tuesday or Wednesday. A subcommittee called a hearing for Wednesday, but no witnesses appeared. Both Iowa senators, Gillette (D) and Wilson (R). have approved the nomination, the committee official said Graven w a s nominated b; President Roosevelt upon recommendation of Gillette. Bay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Gtofce^ Gazette carrier b»jr. j. Rapids, pointing out how important a place it had made for itself in community life in its brief period of operation. The governor was introduced by Program Chairman Russell Girlon. Guests included Dr. H. C. Kruegcr of Clear Lake, Jack Meinstcr of Cedar Kapids. H. T. Barclay, W. P. Butler, H. M. Knudson. Allan Beck. Earl Smith, Henry Wormhoudt, C. E. Strickland, C. A. Rice and Al Carstens. KNITS 6» SWEATERS Helper, Utah, (iP) -- Canadian- born Mrs. Kate W. Belong, 83, has knitted 60 sweaters for soldiers of this country, Great Britain and Canada. She believes that's a record. SUICIDES SHOW DECREASE Des Moines. (/P) -- The state health department reported t h a t 278 suicides and 21 homicides were recorded in Iowa last year, compared to 308 suicides and 25 homicides in 1942. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Mostly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday-, no decided change in temperature. Lowest Wednesday night in Mason City 25. Iowa: Cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Occasional light freezing rain or drizzle extreme south portion and occasional light snow northwest and west central portions Wednesday night. N'o decided change in temperature. Minnesota: Mostly cloudy Wednesday and Thursday. Occasional light snow south portion Wednesday night, little change- in temperature. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Tuesday 32 Minimum Tuesday night 29 At 8 a. m. Wednesday 29 Precipitation .08 inch YEAR AGO: Maximum 47 Minimum 29 Rain .23 London. (A't--Rescue workers toiled through smoking ruins in search of dead and injured Wednesday as London dug itself out after a fierce pro-midnight fire raid that rivaled in intensity the big German attacks of 1941. Thousands of incendiaries and high explosive b o m b s were showered upon the city in a short hut concentrated attack which touched off fires in many section and did extensive damage in 'i of the capital's best known business and residential districts. Bombs also dropped at scattered points in East Anglia anc south ami southeast England causing both casualties and damage to several places. The total raiding force was estimated at ISO to 200 planes bu how many of these reached Lon don was not announced. At leas 13 raiders were shot down. 11 over England and 2 enroutc Clark Seems Pleased With Bomb Attack By LYNN HEINZERLING With the 5th Army Before Cassino, Italy, (/P)-- Lt. Gen. Mark Clark watched the bombing of Cassino Wednesday and seemed pleased to see the explosives pouring into the German positions which have given his 5th ai-iny one of the toughest struggles of the Italian campaign. With Maj. Gen. .Tohn K. Cannon, commander of the tactical air force, he paused for a moment at the window from which correspondents were watching the pyrotechnics. Then he returned to his own observation post, remarking that he had all the aerial rass hats with him. As 1 watch, a great weight of ,r attack is now being thrown in nd the German is angry. Occa- onal enemy shells are whining i to land on the hillsides below s. The first planes to come over re B-2fi medium Mitchell embers. They came out of the ast with the sun behind them, treaming on their great silvery ails. They headed right over flounl Trocchio for the town. One moment, Cassino looked ike the quiet country town it is, ith its crumbling but still some- vhat graceful walls of masonery lUtlined against the blue sky ibove it. Then a dark line of angry plumes of smoke darted up at the edge of the town with sharp red orange flames at the bottom. The attack had started. A few minutes after the smoke rose, terrific explosions echoed thrniBii the surrounding hills. There were 36 planes in the first formation and they were followed almost immediately by 3G more. One string of bombs fell in a valley short of the town, but another hit the southern part of Casino and seemed to gallop along highway G--the yia Casilina--to- ward German positions in the rear. Smoke drifted high over Monte Cassino, and for a while only the north end of the abbey where a pretty little tower once stood could be seen. Then the smoke rose like n theater curtain and the white walls could be seen again. Then 24 flying fortresses came oaring out of the morning sun. inmt of the fortress bombardiers vcre short of their target and aised great clouds of dust in the ·alley. But then the forts sent heir bombs, crashing into, the moke of the town and there was nothing to see. Capt. Jack Bcardwood. Gen. Clark's aide, sauntered into our larni house and remarked: "I imagine the krauts are very busy at this moment." It was difficult to imagine what the G e r m a ns--Hitler's highly raised parachute troops--were dofng under this smothering attack of steel and high explosives. They had fought for every inch of the town's northern edge into which the 34th American division had battled. When buildings were knocked Gcrma lot to lose another street. They could not fight back now. They could only scurry into the deepest holes and hope. (As I write this, our artillery has opened up from the valley behind us and is throwing shell after shell into the north part of Cassino. Behind us. the valley is filled with flashes of many British and American guns). We had a small taste of what the Germans must have felt when PLANE ARMADA LEAVES SQUARE MILE OF RUINS home. A good part ot the raiders Germany sends against England are twin-engined, dual purpose fighter-bombers c a p a b l e o f carrying only a ton of explosives against the 3 tons or more that the allies' 4-cngined bombers tote. Nazi propagandists exploited the raid on London to the fullest possible extent, the Berlin radio telling the'German public that the assault was carried out on a grand scale and asserting the raiders had unloaded large numbers of new "super-heavy bombs" said to have great destructive power. one squadron of liberators dropped a string of high explosive bombs along a hill-side only a few hundred yards from us. The buildiry shook and plaster fell from the ceiling and a number, of correspondents headed for the cellar. The first group of forts arrivec vcr Cassino at 3:10 a. m., and a 3:38 23 more sailed in to be fol- owcd in 7 minutes by 34 more Then came the liberators and more forts. Ground Forces Charge In to Drive Germans From Town's Rubble BULLETIN London. (U.R)--T h e allied-controlled Cairo radio said Wednesday that fighting is in progress in the streets of Cassino, which was flattened by allied bombers in a. record breaking attack Wednesday morning. BULLETIN An Advanced Observation Tost Outside Cassino, 1:30 p. m.^ March 15, (U.R)--T h c ancient town of Cassino died Wednesday under he warm spring sun. Striking at he German stronghold which has blocked the road to Rome for many a weary week, 520 allied bombers wrecked Cassino, house by house. Then hundreds of American and British artillery pieces, firing a barrage that shook the entire Rapido valley, broke Cassino again, b r i c k by brick. . Allied Headquarters, Naples, (ft*)--Allied air power devastated Cassino Wednesday with history's greatest concentrated bombing attack, and allied ground forces immediately charged in to drive the Germans from the rubble of the fortress town. More than 1.400 tons of bombs were hurled on a target area of less than a square mile by every type of allied plane in an armada of 3,000 sorties. Its goal was destruction o£ this stronghold where the Germans have been blocking the main 5th army advance since early January. British and American artillery smashed out in a heavy barrage after the morning-long bombing stopped. Cassino, on n main highway to Rome is 75 miles southeast of that capital, and some (iO miles cast of the Anzio invasion beachhead. Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker threw every plane ot his Mediterranean allied air forces into a gigantic blow to smash the German grip on this town once and tor all. They started in shortly after daylight and continued pounding the town until noon. Then the artillery opened its fearful barrage and the waiting i n f a n t r y was films into l.iUlr. Allied troops who had been holding about otic-third ot the city were withdrawn quietly during the night to give the bombers a free hand. F i r s t reconnaissance photographs developed after the attack showed that Cassino was levelled. The tremendous attack had one objective--to destroy every building in Cassino and pulverize the ancient stone houses concealing ,c 5th every German in the place. The rumble of the bombing hook windows ami houses in Na- lcs. 50 airline miles away. Never before has such a weight )f high explosive bombs been loured on so small an area in so short a time. In intensity the raid, eclipsed any ever inflicted on ·ermany. The first waves started at dawn, then returned and reloaded to smash the same target a short ,.i,i.... ........ .......--,, . ~ ancient stone nouses conci :d down about them, the ,. olmUcss wns blocking tin us dug into the rubble so as ,. advance--and to kill In Army 7 Years, Man Receives Draft Call With the 2nd Army, Somewhere in Tennessee, (iP)--Just a little bit bothered with it all, Pvt. Willie Rciners sent, a collect telegram to his draft board in Petersburg Va., 2nd army headquarters disclosed. Brief and to the point i read: "Sorry cannot report 13lh Already in army T^ears." Doesn't Want Husband to Know Her Earnings Denver, (/P)--A wife whispered to the income tax collector: "My husband didn't state enough income when he filed our joint tax return." "You see." she confided, "I don't want him to know how much 1 really earn." Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. time later. A communique termed it a "bombing operation unsurpassed." Timed to split-second perfection, the relays of bombers went over at intervals of every 10 or 15 minutes throughout the morn- ins. An army announcement said: "The large scale air e f f o r t against Cassino the morning oE March 15 was part of a co-ordi- nated plan with the land forces. "Immediately after cessation of i the bombing at mid-day. British and American artillery of the 5th army look up the pounding of the enemy's positions in and around Cassino and our infantry pressed forward extending in a x i m u m pressure on the enemy.'' Every unit of Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eakcr's Mediterranean allied air- forces was in action. The planes ranged from single-seated fighters to great flying fortresses and liberators. Loaded to capacity, they showered on Cassino such destruction as the world probably never has seen before. This operation against Cassinn was but one phase of an all-out.

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