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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ( H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S CÂ£S K O I N E S I A "tHE NEWSfAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 27. 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTKXM ONE : -- _ ' Â· Â· -- ' Â·Â· -- -- Â».*-,Â»_, .^.ii. j., u iii^i u .fixv 1 Â£,(. ij^lti *Â«"= i-A*-tÂ« CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS -VT^ ^,. " " _ '__ SECTiaM ONE JVO 94 ALLIES MAP MAJOR STRATEGY * . * . ' Â· * * * * . * * * * * * * *Â·Â· * * * * * * * * * * . * Reports Indicate European Invasion Courses Charted and Field Commanders Selected SENATE VOTES 4 YEAR COUNTY OFFICER TERMS Only One Dissenting Ballot After Flurry of Heated Argument DES MOINES, (S)~The Iowa senate Wednesday passed and sent the house two measures extending the terms of county officers to four years. * * * At the same time, a resolution - was introduced to submit a constitutional amendment to the- voters lo extend the terms of state officials to four years. * * * Members of county boards of supervisors now serve three-year terms and other county officials are elected for two-year terms. State officials also are elected for two-year -terms with the exception pf the superintendent of pub- lic'instruction, who is elected lor ^our years. Â·Dmd-' supreme .- court justices, who J are*~electe*d''-f6T six years.. . . . The bill to extend the terms oÂ£ the district clerk of court, treasurer, recorder, sheriff, auditor and coroner drew a flurry of heated debate but passed with only one dissenting vote. Senator Carl O. Sjulin (R.- Hamburg).called the measure "one of the most asinine bills 1 ever read." "If you have a good county officer, he doesn't need to fear coming up for election every two years. If you have a poor county officer you don't what him there for four years," he continued. * * * Senator Sjulin admitted he voted for a similar bill two years ago bat added, "we knew the house would kill -it." Sjulin declared- that if the bill were passed, (he republican party would be "committine suicide in Iowa." "If county officers are elected every two years, they will get out and work in the campaign, but iÂ£ they serve four years, they will just loaf," he asserted. Senator H. S. Love (R., Bridgewater) predicted that county offices would attract "a better class of men" if terms were extended to four years. Senator Frank C. Bycrs (R Cedar Rapids) asserted that with a four year term, counties would "Set men more ivininr to run for office and devote lime to their office than now when they have to spend so much time campaigning for re-election." * * * Senator Sjulin cast the only "no" vote on the first bill providing four year terms for county officers pwier than supervisors. Tiie three members of the present senate who voted "no" on the proposition two years ago voted "yes" Wednesday. They are Senators John R. Hattcry (R., Nevada). Floyd Jones (R., Osceola) Allies Continue to Advance on Russian, North African Fronts By ROGER GREENE , Associated Press War Editor President Roosevelt's histori unconditional surrender" conference with Prime Minister Churchill in north Africa drew nervous jibes from Berlin while stirring great'hopes in united nations capitals Wednesday as the two allied leaders separated to put theii strategy "into active and concerted execution." military secrecy shrouded the exact 'plans laid down in the dramatic 10 day meeting, but censor-passed dispatches from north Africa left little doubt that .European invasion courses had been charted and that field commanders had been decided upon for impending operations. Prime Minister Churchill himself declared that the results would be seen soon. Meanwhile the German radio reflecting a whistling-in-the-dark state of jitters, told the German people that "it took 10 days to establish harmony between the Anglo-American g o v e r n m e n chiefs" and complained bitterly: "It-is Roosevelt's desire to see the European nations bleed to death defending t h e m s e l v e s against the Bolshevist hordes' LIQUIDATION OF "NAZIS AT STALINGRAD IS NEAR \ For the bulk of AdolT Hitler's siege armies before Stalingrad originally estimated at 220.0QC troops, the defense of their trapped forces was virtually ended. A victory bulletin from soviet headcmarters declared that only 12,000 nazi survivors remained in the Don-Volga trap, caught in two tightly-sealed pockets. "Both of these groups are doomed and their liquidation is only a question of two or three days, the Russian command said. Subsequently, red army head, quarters announced that the entire German 534th regiment (Perhaps 1,600 troops) in Ihe trap had surrendered and that detachments of the 165th infantry regiment had been wiped out. Hitter's headquarters reported tersely that "the great winter ter battle on the eastern (soviet) front is raging with undiminished force and spreading to new areas.' At the same time, Turkish reports broadcast by the Morocco radio indicated that Hitler was preparing for a sea-borne withdrawal f Caucasian armies arid Devcrc Wafson Bluffs).. _ ., (.9.. Council While. the recorded vote on the bill Wednesday was 45 to I, Senator Irving D. Long (R., Manchester) said he also voted "no,"' but the secretary recorded him as voting "yes." The vote on the bill to lengthen the term of su- - pervisors was recorded as 39 to 5 s * * * District court clerks, Ireasur- *TM a! d recorders elected in 1941 would serve four-year terms. Sheriffs, auditors and coroners elected in 1944 would serve two-year terms and sheriffs, auditors and coroners elected in 194$ wonH serve four-year terms. Under this plan, half of the county officers would be elected every two years. * * * The resolution proposing a constitutional amendment to give state officers four-year terms would apply to governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state auditor, treasurer, attorney general and county attorneys. now rapidly being hemmed into a narrow coastal strip below Rostov The broadcast said all axis ships i Turkish and Bulgarian ports had been ordered to proceed to the Caucasian Black sea port of No- vorossisk. Capping a week of gloomy broadcasts, the Berlin' r a d io quoted Capt. Ludwig Sertorius naiz military commentator, as saying that each axis soldier still trapped at Stalingrad "probably has forfeited his life.' 1 * STEP UP PURSWT OF TATTERED ROMMEL FORCE On the north African front Bntisn headquarters announced 'hat Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's victorious British 8th army resumed contact axis rearguards with Tuesday west of _ - ~ . . . f e n u . Ui WUii Ol Zauia 30 miles beyond fallen 1 ripol;. Â· ; This indicated that General Montgomery was stepping up his pursuit of Nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's tattered Africa corps, whose main forces had apparently escaped into Tunisia. It ""is the first time in several days ...-U the British communique mention contact" with the retreating In Tunisia, tank-led V. S. infantry were reported to have clinched their hold on the strategic Ousseltia valley. 65 miles below Tunis, after captorint a mountain pass commanding the valley plain. Other American forces in the region of Maknassy. 35 miles inland from the Gulf O f Gabes poised a threat to~tiie rear of the French-built Mareth line which lies near the Libyan-Tunisian frontier. Front-line dispatches said the Americans were also in a position to cut off Rommel's "escape corridor" witii a thrust to the gulf coast between Siax and Gabes _ Â· . * Seek Axis "Surrender ' Â· PRESIDENT FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT ' WINSTON CHURCHILL U, S. BOMBERS RAID GERMANY Sub Centers Thought Chosen for Assaults LONDON. f.'P) --United States heavy bombers, flying fortresses and liberators, attacked naval installations in Germany Wednesday, it was authoritatively announced. It was the United States army air force's first attack en the German homeland. It was believed that German U-boat centers particularly were chosen for the attack. Just what'part of the reich was hit was not disclosed. A United States headquarters communique said: KUnited States army air force flying fortresses (B-17s) and liberators (B-24s) attacked naval installations in Germany Wednesday." Committee Approves Flynn Nomination by Vote of 13 to 10 WASHINGTON, (/P)--The senate foreign relations committee ipproved Wednesday President Roosevelt's nomination of Edward J. Flynn, former national demo- :ratic chairman, to 'be Minister o Australia and the president's personal representative in the outhwest Pacific. The vote was 13 to 10. T h r e e democrats -- Senators leorge (D.-Ga..) Van Nuys (D.- nd..) and Gillette (D.-Io\va) oincd with the seven republican members of the committee in vot- ng against confirmation. The issue, however, still is loubtful in the senate, which must pass on the presidential appointment regardless of whether the committee issues a favorable or unfavorable report. , v *Â°? r ^Â° red U -^ S ; Arm / Transport ofTjpe in Which F. R. May Hate FlowT jirl Fatally Hurt in School Bus Accident MACEDONIA, Iowa, (X _ Vaomi Joan Viner, 6. was injured atally in a school bus accident icre Wednesday. Coroner Jack Tyler said : the girl got off the bus vith other children from the chool. The driver, Brett Bisbee. 0, Macedonia, started away, and faomi stooped to pick up some- hing she had dropped, Tyler dried. The girl was struck by the vhecl or side of the bus. She was cad when a doctor arrived at he school. Buy War Savings Bonds and tamps from yÂ»nr Globe-Gazette carrier bÂ»y. ,;Â£, _ * _ Setting in Which Conferences Were Held in French Morocco Pressure Put on 2 French Chief s by F. R., Churchill De Gaulle and Giraud Forced to Meet and Talk Things Over (In the following article John Evans, intimately acquainted with France for many years and formerly chief of the Associated Press bnrean in Paris, tells why the efforts of Roosevelt and Churchill to "settle the north African political unheava! were far from wasted). By JOHN EVANS Associated Press Foreign Chief The failure of the Roosevelt- Churchill war parley at Casablanca to achieve full and frank unity among the French probably masks greater success than appears. On the face of things, to put it bluntly, Roosevelt and Churchill seem to have read the riot act to High Commissioner General Henri Giraud and General Charles De Gaulle, leader of the Fighting r rench. Wes Gallagher, head of the Associated Press staff in north Africa, says in his dispatches that any definite settlement between the two 15 going to be a long tedious process." Meantime the two French generals publicly pledge themselves to liberate France by "union in war or alt free Frenchmen fighting side by side with all the al- lies" and announced establishment of regular liaison, if no more. The real success is that the president and the prime minister, who hold the purse strings and who have force and prestige with (hem, have, obliged the two sparring Frenchmen to talk things over and to realize that they must subordinate their views to the good of France. (Glenn Babb. war news interpreter, said that while Messrs Hoosevelt and Churchill, both adept at combining an iron purpose with a diplomat's approach, spent some time on the DC Gaullc- Giraud problem, they doubtless made clear to those temperamental warriors their determination that French politics should not interfere with the great objective, complete victory. This was primarily a council of war, to plan the strokes that will crush Hitler). F. R. Trip to Hove "More Chapters" WASHINGTON, (#}-- Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said Wednesday the story of President Roosevelt's trip lo North Africa would have "subsequent chapters." "So far as it can be told at the present timt," he informed reporters, "the s(ory,is complete. Subsequent .chapters undoubtedly will be written as events unfold." WAAC Only Woman at F. R., CVchill Talk FORT DES MOINES, ()-- This women's army auxiliary corps training center was glowing with pride Wednesday over the news that First Officer Louise Lillian Anderson, a member of the second class of officers graduated here, was the only woman at She Roosevelt - Churchill conEerenccs. Holding a rank equal to an army captain, she qualified lo serve as secretary at the meeting with her ability to take dictation at 150 words per minute. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Warmer Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night. Continued mild Thursday forenoon. Lowest temperatures Wednesday night la. IOWA: Warmer Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon. MINNESOTA--No decided change in temperature W e d n e s d a y night and Thursday forenoon. Occasional light snow north portion Wednesday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics- Maximum Tuesday is Minimum Tuesday night Â·! At 3 a. m. Wednesday 6 YEAR AGO: Maximum 29 Minimum Â·Â· Think Much Is Still to Be Revealed By C. R. CUNNINGHAM A L G I E R S , (U.P.) _ Conviction grew Wednesday that the "unconditional surrender" pronouncement of President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill tells only ;; part--and possibly not the most exciting part--of the story of their 10-day meeting at Casablanca. * * * Correspondents who attended the historic Roosevclt-Churc hiill press conference which concluded the deliberations in the white-walled eily on Africa's west coast believe that the official communique did not cover all the activity of those ten days m the sun-drenched Moroccan porl. Rumors of what occurred at Casablanca have run a gamut to end all gamuts and none, thus far, has taken any form of authoritativeness. These rumors had it that Italian, Spanish and even Finnish and Turkish delegates had representatives at the meeting. The rumors were that these representatives were invited not necessarily to join 'the united nations but to become convinced of the might of the allies. Then they could make their own choice. . (Walter Logan, United Press staff correspondent also present at Casablanca during the meeting, reported having seen"'consular ban- Rage bearing Finnish labels." G ward Price, London Dailv Mail correspondent at Casablanca, reported "it may be said that Ihe statements made here are only a partial revelation. It is obvious there may be additional activities which are Unrevealable and may even be denied in the interests of the common cause.") * * * There were a welter of rumors reeardiner those who participated at one time or another in the meeting. The fact that correspondents were not permitted to go into any great deal of speculation as to the conferees aroused their .suspicion. NAZI DEFEAT IS BELIEVED FIRST AIM FOR ALLIES Allocation of Alain Resources to 3 Major Fronts Thought Settled By JOH.V SI. HIGUTOWER WASHINGTON, ( A P ) -- A supreme strategy of victory calling for the defeat of Italy and Germany first and Japan second and providing for a general European offensive as soon as possible after conclusion of the African campaign was believed in authoritative quarters Wednesday to Iwe been agreed upon by President R o o s e v e l t a n d Prime Minister Churchill. * * * This would amount in effect to an affirmation of plans already in process of execution, it was said, but would mean additionally that the leaders of the two great allied western powers also had made at least a rough allocation of their re-sources among the three main theaters of war--the Atlantic-European. Russian and Pacific-Asiatic. First of all it is not believed that President Roosevelt would have cared to take the risk of a 6,000-mile airplane ride for nothing more than a "heart to heart" talk with Prime Minister Church- Nor was it thought likely that he would embark on such a venture simply to review the events of 1942 or even to plan the events of 10-53. It was noted that the combined allied chiefs of staff could have undertaken these tasks without the presence of cither the president or the prime minister. What particularly aroused the interest of the correspondents was the complete air of mystery I which surrounded the entire proceeding. * * ' * The records of the correspondents accredited to the North African Held have beciv scrupulously studied and a considerable amount of confidence has been placed in them. However, in the Casablanca instance they were eiven not the slightest inktin; of what was taking Place until after they arrived on the scene. The actual application of this strategy was believed to have been left up to the combined chiefs of staff of British and American forces. Their decisions would be made, if they have not in some instances been made already, on such questions as the organization and launching of an aerial offensive against nazi Europe from Africa as well as from tngland, and when and where to invade the continent with ground troops. All that was actually and concretely known here about the military aspects of the meetin- was what was announced in dispatches from Casablanca. ,u T , lles , e r " lcts Principally were that plans had been agreed upon to maintain the initiative in all theaters in 1943; that the war would never be completed short 01 an unconditional surrender by Germany. Italy al)c | Ja . pal ,. th * t rtussia and China would receive the maximum amount of supplies which can be given them: that * ice French leaders. Generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Oaullc, have undertaken a movement to put n French army, navy und airforcc into action During the press conference with Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill the correspondents -- contrary to the customary White House procedure--were not given any opportunity to ask questions. Immediately after the session the newsmen were rushed to a conference room where the allied staffs had held their daily meetings and given a few hours in which to write their stories. Then they were brought back here. Casablanca was literally saturated with rumors. Crowded as it special anti-aircraft cm'- -pecial guards, secret - - - - _ _ ........ and troops, almost any kind of report was passed avidly from person to person. One of the most frequent of these reports was that the antiaircraft batteries had orders not to fire on any planes--whether enemy or not--which might appear at certain hours of the day. The inference, of course, was that some sort of emissary from some belligerent state was expected. The assurance that the initiative would be maintained in alt theaters was interpreted here as meaning specifically that there would be no denial of necessary troops and supplies lor the war asrsinst Japan in order to concentrate on Europe. Australia and China particularly have indicated at times a fear that preoccupation with Germany might allow Japan a relatively free hand in the Pacific. The American high command is Known to have held the view all along, however, that no matter ho\v great the need or opportunity for action in the European theater there never could be the slightest relaxation of pressure in. the Pacific, even though victory in Europe was the united nations' first objective in 19-43. To gain this victory would bc a long step toward concluding tho Pacific conflict since it would permit the concentration of both American and British naval and airforces in the Pacific and throw the whole military powers of ill 030 , , natlon ? against Nippon, bhould Russia then enter thÂ« light also, air bases would become available from which Japan might rapidly be brought to heel. In the European theater, at military men here evaluated the situation, the primary need is to overcome all axis resistance in Worth Africa.