The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 29, 1945 · Page 1
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January 29, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Monday, January 29, 1945
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Of NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H I S T O R Y A N D M 0 I N C S A C « I V E S I * . . ^ ^ THE MfWSTA«* THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EDITION imrni ·VOL.U Jtocfatcd mm mat Dotted Fn* Fun IcMd Win* tnn Cats a Cony) MASON CITY. IOWA. MONDAY. JANUARY 29 1945 Thia Paper Consists ot Two Sections--Section Oo« NO. M One Man's Opinion A ladle Commentary by W. EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO. Mu*n CltT. ui*T, 114* »· »· WOl Avn, We4aM4*T, §:«» ». «u WSUL I«w» CUT. W«teW*7. l:U *. I WTAD, Q«lnty, DL, nmn4*Ti 8l *» P- KSCJ. Sliu Cltr. Fridlr, « »· "· How the British Keep From Starving I N my commentary last week about agriculture in Britain, I - mentioned 2 farms I visited while · 'T was over there last fall in con- nectioa with an editorial, mission : to tbXEuropeari war theater. .One ;,was in Scotland, the other-in what s is known as the south Midlands ·of'Kngland. :· ; '.','· In my commentary this week JTin going to return to those same 2 farms and report a little more - in detail about my experiences and observations. Naturally I shall be drawing some eompari- V 'sons and contrasts with the farm; ing In Iowa with which I am most familiar. 3R no other reason than because it was .the first one visited. I'm going to take you with me teethe 600 acre tract farmed by. Sir'-Qeorge; .Wilson within gunshot of .thf-ijarnous Loch Lomond in'" ; southei i h Scotland, between Edinburgh and Glasgow. 1 Qne -of the pictures which lingers in my memory Is of the '·' heather-covered hills--^rooors to ' the Scots -- which lie off across the valley of one of those Loch I/omond water arms. We gazed at it from one of the sheep-grazing knolls on Sir George's large tract. With me on this jaunt were 2 . .congressman--Rep. Karl Mundt of South Dakota and Rep. Jim Richards of South Carolina--and my 1 journalistic colleague, Fred Christopherson of the Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Argus-Leader. We had made a'night trip from London to Edinburgh on the Coronation Scot flyer, and spent the forenoon in Edinburgh, among its historic scenes, including the castle where once Mary .Queen of Scots lived and ruled. -rrHE distance out to Sir George's I* -J- farm.was covered by automo- 1 . bile/made available-by our-Scotch totts. Thc^tnpJ took us pastes giant bridge" which "span's' the Fifth of Forth and through a rather rich section of agricultural Scotland, .with its stone fences separating, fields and its preponderance^ of small grains, especially, wheat; oats and rye. Our meeting with Sir. George was. at the village inn in historic Killeam. near the family's ancestral mansion. After a luncheon which was' uncommonly ample and tasty--that is, for wartime-we retired-to. an enclosed porch for a chat about things in general. With more than a little pride Sir George told us about the program of the Scotch milk producers' board of which he · is president. The organization has a membership of 6,000 dairy farmers. Their purpose is 2-fold: First to improve the standard of dairy products and, second, to make sure of a reasonable price for those products. I N London'a few days before I had talked with American Ambassador John Winant about British dairying. He had. expressed grave concern over the tardiness of English farmers to adopt safe-. ·. guards against bovine tuberculosis. Under the circumstances, he said he would warn Americans REDS SURROUND RAIL CENTER 1st Army Now Within Mile of German Border * '. CAPTlljHREf TOWNS ON PUSH TO WEST WALL Say 3rd Probably Near Border or Into Saarbrucken Paris, (fl 1 )--First army divisions advanced as much as two .miles in deep snow northeast of St. Vith Monday, capturing three towns and moving within a mile of Germany and the outer works of the Siegfried line. Bullange, Herresbach and Holx- heim all toppled. The main works of the west wall were brought within six mile artillery range. The first infantry division took Bullange after a nine-hour fight in bitterly cold weather. In taking Herresbacb, first army troops killed 138 Germans and captured 180 without the loss of a 'single man killed, wounded or captured. To the south, the 3rd army was either near or across the border all the way to Saarbrucken. Thus Gen. Eisenhower's forces were deployed along or beyond 200 miles of the Siegfried line all the way from Holland to the south part of the Saarland. The slow reversal of the Ardennes .'bulge had squeezed .perhaps. 20 American divisions from ~the straightened salient, (allowing them rest-for the next btfttle. -**--· U. S. to Appeal Decision on Ward Case Washington, (U.R)--The administration Monday planned an immediate appeal to the courts and ultimately to congress for a reversal of the judgment that President Roosevelt exceeded his legal or constitutional powers in seizing Montgomery Ward plants. Attorney General Francis Biddie and his legal aides were at his home here Sunday planning the counter-attack on the ruling given Saturday by Federal Judge Philip L.' Sullivan in Chicago. Sullivan found that Montgomery Ward's mail order distribution business was not covered by the labor disputes act of 1942 and further that ·there was no constitutional authority for the seizure order. The .war labor board, whose orders to non-war industries appear to be jeopardized by the ruling, looks to congress for further legislation. It would be sought in form to give the president authority to enforce peaceful settlement of labor disputes. In. the meantime, board members expressed the hope that labor will "keep its feet on the ground." Similarly, they hoped that man- B-29'S STRIKE AT IWO ISLAND FOR 4TH TIME Nimitz Moves Quarters Farther West to Direct Jap War Advanced Pacific Fleet Headquarters, (U.R) -- B-29 Superfort- resses struck heavily Monday for a 4th time at I wo, Japanese stepping-stone island half way between the Marianas and Tokyo. The new raid from Marianas bases came shortly after disclosure that Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, supreme · commander in the Pacific, had moved his headquarters thousands of miles west from Pear! Harbor lo direct the next phases of the war against Japan. The Superfortresses attacked in daylight, a war department com- munique issued in Wasfiington said. Details will be announced following the return of the raiders to their bases, it added. There was no immediate word BRITISH TROOPS RUSH ENEMY--German troops holding forth in Waldfeugt, southeast of Maeseyck, Belgium, are being driven out by British troops advancing among the ruins of houses. , Yanks Drive Within 33 Miles of Manila i- dnsk "Sunday night jbntil dawn Monday planes swept over German areas behind the west wall, disrupting continued German movements from the Ardennes. Mosquitos took up where 2,000 bombers left off at nightfall. Opposition to the pre-dawn onslaught which caught the hazis by surprise Sunday and gained 2 miles still was "light to moderate," Gen. Eisenhower's communique said. On all sectors, 16 villages were taken. The doughboys had to flounder forward almost Indian file through waist deep drifts and v i r t u a l l y shovel their way toward the German border.. The advance could hardly be rapid. It was more of a line straighting operation. Snow flurries (Continued Monday, i.. The 7th army front in Alsace was quiet--snowbound. r The French 1st army with its American troops. made limited gains at both ends of the Colmar pocket below Strasbourg, but operations there were handicapped also by deep snow and poor visibility due to ground haze. Troops were curling around Colmar (pop. 46,000) and reached within 4 miles of the Rhine and 3 of the city. While allied ground forces were agements of business not specifically covered by the labor disputes act but which are operating under WLB orders would not hasten to take' advantage ,of. the Chicago decision. If there were a general management challenge there probably would be a general labor rising in defense of-agreements already in e'ffect-^at least that is" what some officials fear. Newspaper Editor Dies at Home in New York New .York, (!P)--C a r r V^ Van Anda, BO, one of the nation's outstanding ^newspaper editors and retired managing editor of the New York Times, died Sunday at His home here, a few hours after the death of his daughter, .-Miss Blanche Van Anda, 57, at her home in\the Hotel Fairfax. against drinking the raw mill: hammering from ( the* west against which is sold on the London n enemy falling back under Rus- market. "That," said Sir George, "applies to milk in England. But U doesn't apply to our dairy products up here in Scotland. It would be my guess that in raising health and sanitary standards, we dairymen in Scotland have gone about as far and as fast as your American dairymen, whom we so greatly admire." ,-' · Along with his extensive farm operations, carried on with the help of an extremely able and alert farm manager. William Duncan/and along with his work as head of the milk producers' organization, Sir George, a chemistry graduate of Cambridge university, finds time . to serve on the governing board ot one of Scotland's 4 agricultural colleges. His language is a rich mixture of CamBridge and Scotch burr. O UR chat before the fireplace ended, we set out to inspect the plant and tramp the fields oi Sir George's 600 acre tract. First we visited a -grazing plot for sheep. Next we visited a whcai plot, expected to produce about . 40 bushels to the acre. Oats, bdrt- ly enough; average only a little more on this farm. Both wheat and oats have about a 4-foo straw. . · There was no com on Sir George's farm--that is. the kind 01 corn.known to us here in America. That goes for all of Britain The growing season is long enough to grow corn, but U never gets warm enough. The Scotch, like th Irish and English, call their smal trains "corn." Their authority fo this, they told me, is the Bible. Our kind of corn is referred to as "nuke." I've mentioned the sheep on i enemy falling 1 ian blows from the east, nearly ,000 U. S. and British heavy and medium bombers blasted railroad /ards and bridges Sunday in the liihr and Rhineland. The RAF, ollowed up Sunday night with Hacks on Berlin and Stuttgart. Despite snowdrifts that piled up as high as 7 feet in some places. ,t. Gen. Courtney Hodges' doughboys swept up 4 towns 5 to 7 miles northeast of St. Vith. They were [sector. Berscheid. Valender, Hepscheid and Heppenbach, the last 4^ miles from the German border. Clad in snowcapes for camouflage and newly-issued Arctic suits, the Americans descended upon the nazi garrisons as they slept. The doughboys themselves had been surprised that an assault had been ordered in such weather, and startled German prisoners said they didn't dream anyone would attack under the prevailing conditions. At the same time Lt. Gen. George S. ration's 3rd army,, eliminating some of the last nazi rearguards' in northern Luxembourg, slashed 4 miles northeast into Belgium on the first army's southern flank. The 3rd army overran Maspelt. 4 miles southeast of St. Vith, and only a mile from the Belgian-German border. The 3rd army was nowhere far- ther'than 3Vz miles from the Ger- whether American surface warships and Liberator bombers also joined in the attack, as they did during the 3 previous B-29 raids on the Volcano islands stronghold, 750 miles north of Saipan- and an equal distance south of Tokyo. In the last previous attack Jan. 24, the naval task force participating Included a battleship for the first time. Iwo Is an air base for interception of Tokyo-bound Su- perfortresses and . -for flashing warnings of the approach of B-29s to the enemy homeland. Nimitz has set up advanced headquarters on an island which, though prominent in the news, cannot be named. From here, he will direct the cast air, naval and army forces under his command in raids and amphibious operations against the shrinking Japanese empire. (Australian sources last month speculated that Nimitz would set up headquarters on Guam in the southern Marianas. Guam already is headquarters for the 21st bomber command of Superfortresses.) Ills command covers, all of the Pacific north to the Aleutians, oath to New Zealand and west to jhini with the exception of the Philippines-N e w Guinea-Australia area under the supreme command of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Spearheading the present phase of the assault against the Japanese is Admiral William F. Halsey's 3rd fleet, whose carrier planes have sunk or damaged 445 enemy ships and small craft and destroyed or damaged 1,292 planes in a record 20-day sweep of the western Pacific from Indo-China to the Hyukyu islands south of Japan. REACH TOWN OF SAN FERNANDO ^aps: Abandoning' - House Ready for Fight on TOKYO CLAIMS SUBS NEAR U, NAME SHIP FOR IO1VAN las Angeles, Cat., (IP)--The late navy commander, Fred T. Berry, was honored Sunday when a de- General Mac Arthur's H e a d- quarters, Luzon, (U.R)--Tank-led American infantrymen virtually split the Japanese defenses on Luzon Monday with a 2-pronged drive to the outskirts of San Fernando, 33 airline miles from Manila. Raked by increasingly-heavy American air blows and harried by guerrilla uprisings in their rear, the Japanese were reported abandoning San Fernando and its important road network linking the Manila garrison with the enemy concentrations in northern Luzon. Jubilant natives swarming out to meet the Manila-bound doughboys reported that the Japanese were pulling out hurriedly to the west, apparently retreating toward the base of Bataan peninsula, where., the outnumbered American and Filipino forces made their last major stand for the Philippines 3 years ago. Headquarters observers believed the last formidable defenses barring the way to Manila had been breached and that the liberation of trie- capital was now only, a matter of a few weeks at most. It was expected, however, that Gen. Douglas MacArthur might hold up the drive on Manila briefly to consolidate his positions and mop up enemy resistance on the flanks before moving in for the knockout (Tokyo radio continued to hint at new American offensive rria- }i .: Washington, (yPV^-Ih.no mood., Jo compromise,:-the..house, dug 'in Monday for a showdown fight on limited national service legislation for men between 18 and 45. A decision is expected Thursday or Friday. First, however, will come debate and maneuvers on an "anti-closed shop" amendment and a proposal for statutory backing for the fair employment practices .committee. A weekend of overtures and sounding out of sentiment failed to' uncover a common ground for compromise of deep-seated differences between organized labor advocates and a bloc seeking to impose stringent curbs on union activities. "We w i l l fight it out on the floor and 1 b e l i e v e we have enough votes to win," Chairman May (D. Ky.) of the house military committee said of the bill as a whole. This committee wrote the measure at the request ol President Roosevelt. May said he would resist attempts to write into the bill a ban against requiring a man to join a union if his local draft board assigns him to work in a closed shop. .The measure provides that men between 18 and 45 may not leavu essential jobs without draft board approval and.must lake such jobs at draft board request under penalty of induction, fine or imprisonment. A provision requiring boards to give men a "reasonable choice" ;Say"3, Tankers, .,, "'* 01 ipSurik ~ By UNITED PRESS it | tects - join neuvers elsewhere in the Philip- stroyer named in his honor was pines, asserting that Japanese tor- launched in Los Angeles harbor, pedo boats- attacked a convoy in the Mindanao sea north of Mindanao island last Wednesday. Tokyo claimed the sinking of 3 transports, a battleship and an unidentified warship.) (A later enemy broadcast -recorded by FCC monitors in New York said 2 additional American divisions have been landed on Lu- The commander, who was killed in the crash of the airship Akron off the New Jersey coast in April 1933, was bom- at Logan, Iowa. of jobs, May said, adequately pro- the freedom of a worker to or refrain from joining a union. This provision, however, does not meet the approval of a- large bloc of southern democrats and rural republican representatives. They may seek to impose an outright ban on strikes and permit non-union men to work in closed shops.- Organized labor, which has opposed the bill from the start, is aiming a 2 pronged drive at the A Tokyo broadcast said Monday that Japanese submarines have penetrated to the west coast of the United States and sunk 3 transport ships and an oil tanker. American censorship permitted disclosure a fortnight ago that an American liberty ship had .been sunk and its survivors machine- gunned by a Japanese submarine between Hawaii and the west coast, but there have been no other recent reports of enemy submarine activity in the area. The Tokyo broadcast, which attributed its information to a Japanese Domci dispatch from "a~ certain base on the central Pacific front," did not say when the alleged sinkings occurred. It was recorded by the FCC. "Our submarine unit penetrated to the western coast of the homeland of the United Slates and is gallantly carrying on operations to disturb the enemy supply line," the broadcast said. "While they have been active in the eastern Pacific ocean, 3 transport ships and one tanker of the enemy, who is in desperate need of material reinforcement, were sunk recently." Japanese forces still hold isolated bases on Wake island and in the Marshalls archipelago, both more than 4,000 miles from the west coast. CLAIM FLASHES OF GUNS SEEN FROM BERLIN Nazi Officials Move From Danger Zone; Civilians Evacuate BULLETIN London, (JP)--Nazi leaders began preparing the German people Tor the assault on Berlin Monday by summoning them to last-ditch resistance in the Hinterlands. "We will fight before Berlin, ill Berlin, around Berlin and behind Berlin," a German broadcast declared. By Xhc Associated Press London -- The Russians have surrounded the Prussian rail center of Schneidemuhl, 4 miles inside the German border, a German spokesman announced Monday and Swedish eyewitness reports said flashes from Marshal Stalin's guns already could be seen from Berlin in the night skies over the eastern battlefront. German officials were moving their offices from the threatened capital and 20 trains evacuated part of the populace, said a Swedish national just come from .Berr lin. Foreign-diplomats were making preparations to leave and foreign correspondents were ordered to depart, he said. · Encirclement of Schneidemuhl, a city of 41,000, cut the main Berlin-Danzig railway at a point 135 miles northeast of the capital, but directly east of Berlin German reports placed the Russians much closer, about 95 miles. Latest official Russian'announce- raents said the Russians in their bee-line drive on Berlin were 109 miles to the east, but. Moscow dispatches said it was believed Marshal Gregory .Zhukov's'' tKrtks had spurted farther ahead and had crossed the frontier of Brandenburg, the province of Berlin, . zon, raising MacArthur's attack I legislation. It is opposing the force .to 7 divisions^ | closed shop amendment and is GORED TO DEATH Garden Grove, Iowa, (JP)--Otis Erb, 63, was gored to death by a bull Sunday at the farm of Roy Jollief. His body was discovered several hours after the accident. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier -boy. Weather Report United Press War Correspondent Frank Hewlett reported that tank and infantry spearheads of the V. S. 37th (Buckeye) division were within sight of San Fernando backing a counter-proposal to prevent sn employer from being rated as essential if he discriminates against workers because of race, creed or color. early Monday, advancing in 2 Adoption of an FEPC amend- parallel spearheads along high- I ment would alienate southern sup- ways 3 and 10. from the northwest · port for the bill and probably re- ana northeast. The latter column 1 suit in uniting the strong south- poshed through Mexico, 3 miles [ era group with labor in final og- northeast of San Fernando, late position. Sunday and moved ahead against! -scattered opposition. _ Guerrilla fighters who emerged I S/naJp from San Fernando said the re- -«"«»«: treating Japanese had had -no TV * time to destroy the concrete bridge | 1/165 111 spanning the San Fernando river to the south or to destroy the towns modern buildings. FORECAST CIVILIANS RETURN W ST. VITH-- Belgium civilians, following quickly on the heels of the American 30th division's :drive on St. Vfth, are seen here seeking re-entry to the town. Note woman carrying white flag. U. S. signal corps photo. Heaviest f i g h t i n g centered around Fort Stotsenburg, 4 miles west of highway 3 and 16 miles northwest of San Fernando. Illinois national guardsmen, although heavily outnumbered, cleared out I one strong Japanese mortar and machine gun nest in that area Sunday after a pitched battle that lasted for several hours, finally setting fire to the tall Congo grass 10 cremate the remaining enemy. Washington, (fP)--Col. Edwin A Halsey, secretary of the senate, died early Monday at Doctors hospital of a heart ailment complicated by his preparations for President Roosevelt's 4th term inauguration. Halsey, 63, a native of Tye River, Va., had been an employe of the senate since 1897 and its secretary since 1933. He is survived by his widow and one son, Navy Lt. Edwin A. Hal- Mason City: Light snow Monday afternoon, ending Monday night Colder Monday night. Lowest temperature about 10 below Tuesday partly cloudy and continued cold. Iowa: Partly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tuesday. Fev snow flurries. Lowest temperatures Monday night ranging from 10 below in northwest t near zero in south and cast por tions. Minnesota: Mostly cloudy and con tinued cold Monday night an Tuesday. Scattered snow flur ries. Low temperatures Monda night ranging from 5 to 15 be low. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette Weather Statistic Maximum Sunday 14 Minimum Sunday 0 At 8 a. nf Monday 3 YEAR AGO: sey, Jr. Maximum Minimum at several points. German broadcasts declared that Zhukov's frontal drive on Berlin had been temporarily stopped in the last 24 hours but the German communique told of continued fighting along the Obra in the frontier area 95 miles from Berlin. Berlin military spokesmen said that the Russians were attacking along a line fi om Kreux, 103 miles northeast of Berlin, to Zraszyn ou the Obra southeast of Berlin and "We cannot yet speak of a coherent front in the east at all." In Silesia, the enemy communir que said, the Russians further enlarged their, bridgehead over the Oder at Steinau, 32 miles northwest of Breslau. Defenses of Konigsberg had been penetrated, the Germans said. An 8th soviet army joined the gigantic attack and seized the long-surrounded Baltic port of Memel Sunday in another day of great victories which brought gloomy predictions from the nazl press. Swedish correspondents reported from Berlin that German newspapers, painting the blackest picture yet of Germany's position, , declared the "next 8 days" may | decide the war, and that "panic is veeping the nation from cast to est." Residents of the German capital pent most of Sunday afternoon in raid shelters, one Swedish ource reported after a telephone onversation with Berlin. Capture of Memel by Gen. Ivan argramian's first Baltic front in n assault which opened Sunday rought to perhaps 4,000,000 the umber of Russian troops now on he march. Premier Stalin announced the learing of the enemy from the outhern Silesian -area by the cap- ure of Katowice and Beuthen, by le first Ukraine army, while ihukov's first White Russian rmy overran another 400 western "olish localities in a drive straight :t Berlin along an 80-rnile front. Fanning out from encircled 'oznan Zhukov's units captured Pniewy, nearest Russian-announced approach to Berlin, on the m a i n Warsaw Berlin highway 27 miles west of Poznan 109 miles due east of and t h e erman capital. Further north other first White Russian army spearheads reached the pre-war German-Polish frontier at a new point with the capture of Czarn- icow, 126 miles northeast of Berlin. On the southern anchor of this front, Zhukov's forces rolled through Lezno, important highway junction close to the German frontier and 130 miles from -Berlin. Berlin radio accounts credited Zhukov with even greater gain and said his troops had reached the Obra river frontier at a point only 95 miles from Berlin. Whatever his exact progress, it was ap- pnrents that Zhukov's highly surge was causing the gravest concern to the German high command. There were reports from Mos-

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