The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 23, 1943 · Page 4
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January 23, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Saturday, January 23, 1943
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1943 MASON CITY GLOBE GAZETTE An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day tjy tfc* MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State Street Telephone No. 3800 Entered as second-class matter Apvil 17, 1920, t the post- ofilce at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of Blarch 3, 1B79. LEE P. LOOMIS - - - - - Publisher W. EARL HALL - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM City Editor LLOYD L. GEER. - Advertising Manager MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS -- The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to tne use for tepublication of all news dispatches credited to tt or not othcrvise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE BY UNITED PRESS MEMBER IOWA IJAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DCS Moines nev;s and business offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason City and Clear Lake, bythayear S10.00 by the week S .20 OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAB LAKE AMD WITHIN !00 MILES OF MASON CITY Per year by carrier.. S10.00 By mail Croonujs.-W.25 Per week by carrier..% 2i By mail 3 months. .51/15 Per year by mail s S.OO By mail 1 month ,,,J .60 OUTSIDE 1UO MILE ZO.SE Feryr. 510.00 6 months 55.50 3 montris S3.00 lmcmtb$1.00 BELOW "Pointer's Colic! II Music to Allied Ears O N TWO COUNTS the apologetics of the German press regarding the war on the eastern front is music to allied ears. Until about a week ago the nazi newspapers and radio refused to admit the steady gains of the Russian armies. They were insisting that al attacks were repulsed with heavy Russian losses, even though toward the end of the period of denial they were admitting that the Russians were attacking with ferocity, and that the weather v.'as hard on the defending troops. Now Russian gains are being admitted, although the whole story is not yet being told. It wasn't until Thursday of this week that the peo- . pie of Germany were given the truth about Stalingrad. Even now they don't know that the Russians have crossed the Donets and are bearing down on Rostov from three directions, nor that the siege of Leningrad has been lifted and Schluesselburg recovered. Nor have they been given any idea of the heavy losses their troops have suffered. Still, the fact that the news is now being gradually broken to the public indicates that the high command feels the disaster is irretrievable for the present at least, and find explanation necessary. The explanation is even more interesting from the allied standpoint. It is open confession that the Russian armies are fresh troops, better armed and trained than any the reds have so far put into the field, which attack with more determination and dash. If Germans have memories a few months long, and many of them must have, the explanations of retreat will recall that a few short months ago Hitler and Goebbels were announcing with much fanfare that the red army had been crushed and was falling apart in collapse. The whole business repeats the performance of 1941, when the nazi leadership was confidently assuring the German peo'ple that Russia was already beaten hopelessly. It takes nb expert to realize that this repeated disillusionment must increase the misgivings of the r"7i followers. They know now the flimsiness of Hitler's pledges, and there must be ominous -overtones to them in the cessation of predictions of speedy victory. Withholding the facts about losses will only increase this misgiving. To the allies the German admission that the Russian troops are better armed means that American and British aid is getting through in ejfective amounts. Our superiority in resources and men is .counting. * * * A Break for the Axis *T»RAGEDY OF THE forced landing of 11 storm- ·^ tossed American Airacobras at Lisbon airport last week was not the fact that 11 fighter planes and pilots badly needed in Africa were lost over Portugal, but that nearly a dozen brand new Airacobras are now at the mercy of axis, spies. These fighter planes were part of a squadron of over 50 ships flying to Gibraltar. Fighting storms over the Iberian peninsula, some of the fighter planes in the escort ran low on fuel and were forced down in neutral Portugal, One of the U. S. pilots--unobserved in the confusion--did manage to throw a grenade against his ship to destroy it on the ground, but the grenade evidently failed to explode. One of the dangers of bringing up air reinforcements over Europe is the fact that some ships are forced down by unforesGe'n storm conditions. Not so many months ago we lost a flight of Flying Fortresses when they came down at Istanbul, Turkey, after a.long range raid on Rumanian air fields. The U. S. air corps has its fingers crossed when something like this occurs. -Pilots, sworn to defend and destroy their guarded Norden bombsight whenever an emergency happens, can slip up in the emergency of a crash landing. The nazis, of course, have brought dov,-n a good many Airacobras over France, as well as Lockheed Lightnings and Curtiss fighters. But a pack of II U. S. Airacobras intact at Lisbon is almost too tempting a dish for axis agents. The pilots, o£ course, are interned under the rules of war, and no longer have the ability to protect their ships. Inasmuch as Lisbon crawls with axis agents, Germany will probably have one of these planes from this ill-fated flight to copy or check. * * s Legislative Opportunity TT'S PROBABLY because the irritation occurs A only every other year that the voters of Iowa don't rise up and demand some corrective action on the unwieldy long ballot employed by Iowa. Ask any voter the question and, if he's frank, he'll tell you that he has no way of judging the qualifications of most candidates for state office below the lieutenant governorship. N Prentiss Brown, the. new OPA chief, has the reputatidn of being a man who can smile when he says no, a characteristic which distinguishes him from his predecessor. * * * It's a matter of interesting information that the number of men in uniform today is approximately one half the number on the unemployed list a dozen years ago. * * # Just ten years ago Adolf Hitler and his nazi gang took over in Germany, ushering in a decade of the most ruthless vandalism the world has ever known. * * * With the opening up ol the North African front, the United States is actually short of petroleum--not merely rubber and transportation. * * * It won't be easy for Americans to accustom themselves to any "either this or that" edicts. They've been used to both. * * * , Prudent drivers will not make cold weather and slippery streets an excuse for disregarding stop signs. * * * It's an open question whether we quit playing because we grow old or grow old because we quit playing. * * *. Nothing about this war so far indicates, or even suggests, that air power alone will bring victory. PROS and CONS Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges . The Democratic Point of View '* Rockford Register: A radio broadcast recently credited William Allen White, well-known republican editor of the Emporin, Kansas, Gazette, with saying when questioned about the recent election. "When times are good and the cash registers jingle freely, the people elect republicans to office. When times get tough, they elect democrats." Franklin D. Roosevelt came into office faced with the worst economic mess in the history of the nation. Long before the war, public confidence had been restored and the country was well along the road to prosperity. Times became better. You could put money in the banks with full confidence, farmers quit worrying about losing their farms, the unemployment situation eased, etc. The cash registers began to jingle again. True to Mr. T") TT^TX /TTT'IV /T"D I/ L *) White's comment, the people began to elect re- f \ rl, I VI I ' l l VI l l 1% I V , ' publicans. It might make sense to some people -t-v-M-i^.ij.^^i^j.j-r^-tj.v . --it doesn't to us. EYE® OBSERVING It the RumI Plan Goes Through Clear Lake Mirror: There's a great possibility that the 1942 federal income tax might be put aside. However, don't put too much hope in our statement. The idea is that if the Rural system of · pay-as-you-go income tax is passed by the seventy-eighth congress that the only way to put it in operation is to forget the 1942 taxes which will be due in March. It is a happy thought, but it will make everyom feel bad that he didn't spend more in 1942 instead of watching and planning things so his income tax money would still be available. Too Late for Isolationism Charles City Press: The isolationists have shown their hand in the new congress, and while we are in sympathy with the general sentiment we cannot understand the object now after we have gone so far in the fray. It was the tiling to do in the beginning, but it looks like it would be folly now. We have billions invested in this war at the present time with thousands o£ our boys at the front and under arms and are so committed to the great struggle that we cannot retreat with honor. Our only,course is to fight it out, let come what will. A Bill to Reduce Minnesota Legislature Albert Lea Tribune: A bill to streamline the legislature of Minnesota by reducing the senate membership from 6T to 44 and the house from 131 to 88 will meet with the approval of a great majority of citizenship throughout the state. The only criticism we might have for the bill is that the reduction called for should be at least twice as great. For Repeal of State Income Tax Duluth Herald: The state income tax has been a bone of contention from its inception, foisted on the people against their will; and now that they have to bear a heavy burden to "support the war, we could well do without this unpopular and super-imposed levy until the war-tax period is over--and even beyond that. Reward for "Political Suicide" Waterloo Courier: Prentiss M, Brown and Josh Lee. two lame duck congressmen, have been named to important administrative posts. Loyal democrats who commit political suicide for the party leader find that their sacrifice is not in vain. Farms Must Hive Workers Le Mars Sentinel: If this country and our allies nesd as much food as our leaders tell us they do it would be well to start right now keeping enough people in rural communities to grow that food. One Day's Production of Steel Ringsted Dispatch: The steel used by the industries of the United States in one day, if loaded into freight cars would make a train one hundred miles long. No Longer the "Gentle Sex" Oelwein Register: Women used to be called the "gentle" sex, but now they're munition and working on the railroad. They AH Want to Beat the Drum Davenport Democrat: The trouble with France is that everybody wants to lead the procession and beat the drum. The Day's Most Discussed Subject Swea City Herald: Wherever two or more gather the talk is about income taxes. v Editorial of the Day LOOK TO THE PACIFIC Cliff Russell in Mankato Free Press From Globs-Gazette Files FORTY YEARS AGO The Clear Lake telephone company has just had its old switchboard, having a capacity ot about 120, replaced by a fine new one having a capacity of 300. Three years ago the company did not think it would ever need a switchboard with a greater capacity than the old one, but now it is a question if a new one will accommodate all for more than a few years. A. Steele Anderson, the janitor at the v courthouse," has resigned and V. C. Lewis has been employed in his old capacity. THIRTY -YEARS AGO J. A. Griffin and son, S. C. Griffin, Madison, Wis., have bought out the Modernized Cleaning works on North Main street and R: C. is conducting the business until his father arrives. The Griffins formerJy lived here. The Nelson Brothers Land company sent a large crowd to a lower Rio Grande valley of Texas yesterday. TWENTY YEARS AGO Dixie Willson left this afternoon for Des Moines where .she will transact business in connection with the Greenwich Village follies, now playing in Des Moines. Miss Willson is director of the act given by Bird Millraan, tight wire artist. The sum of $369 was paid out in claims by the Jacob E. Decker and Sons Employes Benefit association at the semi-monthly meeting of the organization held in the basement of the packing house office building Monday night. A large number of packing employes was present. TEN YEARS AGO Miss Mary Wheat of Kanawha visited Saturday with Miss Gretchen Bickel, 317 Eighth street northwest. Mr. and Sirs. Philip Simon of DeKalb, 111., are visiting at the home of Mrs, Simon's parents, Mr. and-Mrs. Joe Goss, 12 Beaumont drive. ABOUT BOOKS By John Selby A group oE January non-fiction books GOOD HEALTH By Logan Clendenirig, M. D. GUIDE FOE RELATIVES T HE HISTORICAL background for the nazi state is not merely, says .William Ebenstein, a set of laws so-called, a political concept and an economic concept of sorts. It is also an ideal which can be expressed as the robot state. For ten years the nazis have worked to change Germans into automatons which will perform without question and without thought as they are designed to perform. This is a harsh corollary of the doctrine that the individual is nothing, the is Professor Ebenstein's thesis in "The Nazi State," and it is singularly well worked out. (Farrar Rinehart; §2.75). Walter M. Kotschnig's "Slaves Need No Leaders" is a general study of the dislocations produced by totalitarian ideas of "education," and the possible remedies. It contains a brilliant analysis of the German mind, but it is not altogether confined to the nazi problem. Things have happened to education all over the world since the last war. and other things will happen at the end of this war. Dr. Kotschnig was for eight years general secretary of the international student service at Geneva, and has been a student ot world education most o£ his adult life. His ideas arc both pertinent and shrewdly expressed. (Oxford; S2.75). Edgar Mclnnis is only a few days behind with his historical marathon. "The War: Third Year" ,, . . . , . . , ,, · . -- -·- ~- -* -*.. .-.~.j is the third of his outline histories, just as useful one thats easily pronounced--are the commonest -»· about the duration of the war, which may be as its predecessors. Professor Mclnnis does not criteria used by voters in determining where they , » = - . . _ . . . shall place their X mark. All things considered, its really surprising that we have had a good state government down through the years as we've enjoyed. In the lower brackets, it's been on a "grab-bag" basis. There's going to be no loud popular demand for this ballot reform. Governor Hickenlooper has invited attention to the need. It may go no further. But our legislators are confronted with an opportunity to perform a lasting service for their state--a service which will make for better government and place Iowa voters eternally in their debt. P HYSICIANS are constantly obliged to describe and explain repetitiously to members of the family and to friends of a patient with a mental illness what can be expected from treat- ·ment, what is the best course to take and what the family should do to help the patient. The commonwealth fund in New York has issued a little book titled "Mental Illness: A Guide for the Family" which should be very, useful for all relatives and friends of a mental patient because the attitudes of relatives play a large part for the better or worse in the outcome or in the treatment of a patient with a. mental breakdown. One of the hardest things for the relatives to realize about one who is close to them, living in the same household, is that he may be actually off the track mentally. It is easy enough to understand that somebody in the next block is "peculiar" or that another one has "gone to pieces" or has "had a breakdown," but when it comes to the acknowledgement of mental, illness in someone dear to you, your emotions quite naturally color your reason. This is one of the reasons why many of these people drift along until it is too late to help them. Mental illness takes on many Dr. Clendening different forms: Its victims may be silent and sluggish in movement, or, on the contrary, may be excited, talk all the time and leap from one idea to another. They may have a fixed idea, for instance, that somebody in the family is an enemy without any real reason whatsoever for such a belief. At such a ,time the worst thing to do is to listen to friends or well- wishers who are ignorant of the technical features of modern psychiatry. They will soothe you ' down with assurances that the patient "will soon be himself again" or that he is "just a little upset by events." · "Amateur remedies," say Edith IvI. Stern and Dr. Samuel W. Hamilton in this little book, "for mental illness are more numerous than amateur remedies for colds, and far less harmless. For instance, a visit away from home may plunge a depressed patient into even greater gloom because he feels strange and lonely." Equally harmful is the advice the family may get that the patient is "just plain mean" and that he "ought to be taught a lesson" and "told where to get off." To put these patients out on their own or abandon . them is just as cruel as to abandon someone because he is crippled or has heart disease. The decision as to whether the patient should be hospitalized or not is discussed in detail as are such subjects as "Some Treatments for Mental Illness," "The Family and the Hospital," "Letters and Visits," and "When the Patient Comes Home." The entire book is written in a sensible and matter-of-fact way and can be highly recommended to those who are puzzled and over- whelmcd'with an affliction of this kind. A Cold Winter have had a hunch for .some lime that this was developing into one of the coldest winters within my memory. Having in mind, however, that hunches aren't enough in matters pertaining to the weather, I decided to go to the Globe-Ga- zette-KGLO records. There I found that my guess was substantiated. The December average temperature with 15..81 degrees, compared with tlie 50-year-normal of 20.2 degrees for that month. Four and a half degrees, incidentally, is a pronounced departure from normal. You'll recall there was only one day in the Christmas month when thawing conditions prevailed. Thus far in January the temperature has averaged approximately 10 degrees above zero, as against the normal January mean ot 13.5 degrees. And the ice which coated our sidewalks early in December shows not the slightest sign of leaving. What the course oE the temperature will be in the remainder of January and February, the third of what are usually accepted as the winter months, remains to be seen. The thing that's for sure, however, is that the first two- thirds of the winter has been abnormally frigid, a fact impressed in an extra way on those who are subject to fuel oil rationing restraints. --V-Surgical Dressings Jflhy submit that the import- '£·*£· ance of keeping up quotas ^*="^ of surgical dressings for the army and navy was well brought out the other day to two Red Cross production workers on the job in downtown Chicago. A soldier wearing the ribbon of a distinguished service cross was thoughtfully watching the women's fingers fly. When they asked, he told them that he was 21 years o£ age, had been in the army three years, and had been decorated twice after b e i n g wounded in action in the south Pacific. Then he added: "I want to thank you women for supplying Red Cross surgical dressings. I£ you two worked all day long, you couldn't begin to make all the dressings that I needed when I was sick." In Mason City this should have a special meaning. Here, according to Mrs. Jay Lorenz, the demand for production in the surgical dressing area is going to be stepped up tremendously in February and March. Many who worked on this project last year have not returned to the job. All o£ these--and more--are sorely needed. SftVt MANPOWER FOH AftRPOWtK "SO SOKKY MCIVIHI KKP Ml fKOM MAKING SUNS fOR HOHOKASlf YMKS-S-S" toiw. simr COUNOI Trench Cosmetics ; understand that cosmetics in the trenches is the newest war wrinkle now in process of being cooked up down Washington way. Because it has been found that "the local mud marines scoop up on the run for "mud-packs" for their faces as they go into action in the Solomons is often unpleasantly and unhealthily infected, the HQ at Washington is encouraging cosmetic manufacturers to work out a sanitary form oE mud packs for shipment in quantity to the front lines. Multi colored blends may be provided to enable the matching of mud packs for war with surrounding foliage or terrain. --V---The -I DAYS GOUQUE To RALPH LLOYD JONES OF MASON CITY--for his re-election this week as president of the Winnebago council of the Boy Scout organization. Mr. Lloyd Jones is continuing this important assignment at no little cost in time and energy. Albert Lundberg of Forest City and Dr. J. L. Pauley of Mason City have also qualified for a few orchids by reason of the "Silver Beaver" awards made to them at the annual Scout meeting Thursday night. These adults, including the Scout leaders, are the true heroes of this important youth program. DID YOU KNOW? By Frederic J. Haskin CDlTQirS NOTE: For an answer to any question of fcct write "Mason City Globe-Garette Information R u r e a tl. Frederic J. Haskin, Director. Washington. D C." Pleas* send 3 cents posUz* (or reply. Lantern Light Lyrics Geography and an "honest name"-meaning r H E R E HAS BEEN a wave of optimism lately premature. It is based mainly on the victories attempt to elaborate--he is interested only in nf th n R,,cc,nne ,,,,,,,- *!,,, ,,,,,:.. :,, IT rm..,.. outlining the events and providing a chronology that certainly must be useful to the more leisurely historians who will follow him. And actually, he is not quite so up to the minute as a careless glance might lead one to think--the third year of the war ended in September, not December. (Oxford; $2). "Business as a System of Power" is Robert A. Brady's contribution to a question that has been of the Russians over the nazis in Europe. That has been, and continues to be, a very great achievement- Yet peace may still be far off, and no downright prophecies should be taken at face value. First Hitler has to be licked and Germany reduced to impotence. Presumably that will be accomplished this year or next. But the war for the defeat and control of Japan has barely started. All that there is tc show in that struggle, so far, agitating many Americans, in and out of govern- is the conquest of a few small islands in the vast reaches of the Pacific ocean. And after all the islands and archipelagos have been reduced, there will still be the, Japanese ment, for a long time. Basically it is the question whether the enormously powerful force of big ·business, concentrated in a few hands, is to be - - -- , - ~, the extinction or the support of our democratic home land to conquer. Probably every step of way of life. This is a keen and a controversial the way in that war will be stoutly contested. study of the problem. (Columbia; $3). By Roy Murray of Buffalo Center THE HUNGRY WOLF The mijlilT hunter sUrled in (o tell a thilllinr *te Of now * pack of hunrr? wolves had followed on his (rxil. He altttc,! and killed the leader and all the others stopped TV quickly eat trie fallen one his deadir aim had dropped. Then on they came and once again he f i r e d another shot And while they ale. the second one a liUle lead he cot. But still they came, and, every time another wolf was killed The rest tvonld eat the luckless one before his hca:t bad stilled. lentil, at last, the hunter said, he found to his dismay. That every shell he'd brought with him bad thns been shot away. Then, looking back, he SAW, alas, that one f i e r c e wolf remained Who, hunfry for a human meal had e-n him slightly gained. Bat. then 1 stopped his talk to say, "Xow, brother, listen here, If what you say U true, wh? then the fact Is very clear. That lone, remaining welt tbat came still hungry on your track Had eaten all th* other wolves that started In the pack 1 .** hat as I stated disbelief, he answered bland and low. "1 noticed that his belly was a-dragglng In the snow!" Oh. why do hunters teN such tales, and when we prove they He, Bow can they nonchalantly respond with such a glib reply? Please describe the Jewish national fists. W. N. The Jewish national fJag has a white field in the center of which is a blue star, six-pointed, which is said to represent the emblem on the battle shield of King David. Which srirl's name is the commonest? K. K. Mary is said to be the commonest of all baptismal names. In the poem ''Woodman, spare (hat Tree," ts any particular tree referred to? C. S. The poem was inspired by an oak tree in St. Paul's churchyard. New York. Why were certain gems chosen to be birthstbnes? M. D. The birthstones for the different months are supposed by some to be based upon the 12 foundation stones oE the Holy City of Jerusalem as recorded in the Book of Revelations. Is there any way to prevent the formation of clinkers in a furnace? T. K. Clinkers are caused from the fire getting too hot. The only way to overcome this is to carry a deep fire bed and not allow the fire to gej too hot. What proportion of officers now serving in the army have come up from Die ranks? A. S. About one-third. In what section of Canada is coal mined under the sea? L. K. This is done at Sydney field, the most important coal deposit in eastern Canada. What is the fastcst-movine sriake? T. T. The Black Mamba is the fastest-moving snake in the world. Does a man in the service overseas have to pay income tax? C. T. If a soldier's income is sufficient to bring him within the limits of the income tax law. he is subject to the law whether he is overseas or not. Where is the Pyramid of the San? E. E. The Pyramid of the Sun is not far from Mexico City. It is the greatest of its kind in the western hemisphere. What was the number of telegrams sent to Woodrow Wilson upon his election? J. U. Within the first few days alter his election, 15,000 letters and telegrams were sent to Mr. Wilson, W h e r e is the H o b o News published? M. E. The Hobo N e w s is published every three months in a cellar on 17th street in Manhattan. What kind of a carriage was a hansom? C. C. A light two-wheeled covered carriage with the driver's seal elevated behind, the reins being passed over the top. Did George Washington ever serve in the British army?-E. V. George Washington served under the English General Braddock against the French and Indians before the Revolutionary war. How old is the Gridiron club? E. K. This society of newspapermen gave its first banquet on April 23, 1885. Is astrakhan fur still used? What is it? A. F. The trade name for the tightly curled fur of young or still-borr! lamb, once known as astrakhan, is Caracul Lamb, When was glass first manufactured in the United States? E. G. Eight Polish and Dutch glass- makers came with John (Smith to Virginia in 1608 and set up a crude glass furnace about a mile from Jamestown. How are army horses and dogi marked? J. D. Army horses and mules are branded on the hip or shoulder. Dogs are tattooed inside the ear. Why is the opal sometimes regarded as unlucky? 1. N. The word opal came from the Greek word meaning eye and \vas said to be unlucky because, acting like a spy, it invaded the wearer's privacy. What are rattlesnake farms? W. B. Rattlesnakes supply venom for the manufacture of antivenont serum, skins are used in shoe manufacture, skeletons for making novelties, meat for canning, and live snakes for zoological collections. COLORED MAP OF THE U. S. A. 21 BY 28 INCHES IN SIZE An excellent new map of the United States, printed in five colors--shows the states and all detached territories--reverse side filled with timely material--1940 population figures of states and 200 leading cities; six economic maps, travel distance table, insignia of the army, navy and marine corps. Invaluable to those who wish to familiarize themselves with their country. A thorough grasp of geography is a first requisite o£ good citizenship. Orrder your copy NOW. Only 15 cents postpaid. Use this coupon: The Mason City Globe-Gazette, Information Bureau; Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I inclose herewith 15 cents in coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for a copy of the MAP OF THE UNITED STATES. ^ Name City State (Mail to Washington, D, C.)

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