The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 23, 1943 · Page 1
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January 23, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Saturday, January 23, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER CDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS f FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1943 Heaviest Blow of War Falls With Suddenness on Hapless Italians By UNITED'PRESS The heaviest blow olXthe war feil with deadening suddenness upon the hapless Italian people Saturday as their high command informed them that the British had taken Tripoli, "jewel city" of the now vanished Italian empire. The Italians had been told little else and there had been no preparation for Saturday's announcement, but the geographic position of Tripoli made .it perfectly clear* to them that practically all of' Libya had joined thickest of their "empire" -- upon which so much Jiioney, so many lives, so much effort had been spent--in British hands and that Winston Churchill had fulfilled his . pledge to rip Mussolini's overseas possessions to "tatters.", . * * * Persons familiar" with 'Italy expected Italian morale to fall to its lowest point. It \vas pointed out that it was a profound psychological blow to all Italians since "Tripoli is the last'of the Italian colonies and the only one of which Italians were really proud." * * * It was the only one with a large, prosperous Italian population and authoritative sources in London said its loss "will strike dismay in the hearts of the Italian people, who will see this British victory as the prelude to an attack on their homeland." United Press dispatches from Bern revealed that Italian newspapers as recently as Wednesday made no mention of the fact that the British eighth army menaced Tripoli, ignored The the Italian press had fail of Misurata, Horns, and .Tarhuna and Satur-_ day's high command announcement must have fallen .like a bolt from the blue. . * * * The fall of Tripoli in effect reduced Italy to the status of a mere continental power, shattering .the dreams with which Mussolini .had beguiled t h e .Kalian people ot a new Borne that would rule, as the'ancient one did, all the lands surrounding the Mediterranean. . i iThejBritish had. only to take the " ~;:1QO mjlfeotdesert'coast,luie ---'^·^--··t -.'and' Tunisia ~'to w.ipe but all ot the Italian empire-'as it existed in 1940 when Mussolini took his country into the war. hoping for quick profits at little cost. Italy then had four colonie: Libya, of which Tripoli is the capital; Ethiopia, bloodily conquered in an unequal war in 1935-36; Eritrea, and Italian So- maliland. Ethiopia, Eritrea and conquered by the eastern Roman empire, and in the middle of the seventh century was overrun by the Arabs who, through various dynasties and affiliates, ruled it until 1553 when Turkish, brigands took it. It is the only African city that figured in American martial history before the landing in French West Africa last year. Its pirates were the scourge of the Mediterranean, collecting tribute from all nations who operated ships in that sea. In 1801, an American fleet blockaded the city when the ruling pasha demanded an increase in tribute. The punitive action lasted four years. The American frigate Philadelphia was seized by the pirates in 1803 and its crew held for ransom. In 1805, the American. William Eaton, led a motley army of 500 men across the desert from Alexandria and with the aid ot American ships, took Derna. Soon afterward, peace was concluded and 560,000 ran* som was paid for the Philadelphia's crew. Ten years later, because of new piratical outrages. Capt. Stephen Decatur led a squadron into Tripoli harbor and compelled the pasha: to comply with American demands. Piracy was not enderi finally, however, until the French occupied Algeria in 1830. Last Organized Jap Forces on Sanananda Point Wiped Out;'725 Nipponese Killed ROME RADIO MOURNS LOSS Italy Admits Suffering; r Heavy Desert Losses Somaliland were Italian .East Africa. grouped as The British reduced all of East Africa in 1941, taking Somaliland in January, Eritrea in March, and completing the reconquest of Ethiopia by May. restoring Haile Selassie to his throne. Had it not been for German intervention, Libya would have fallen in the same year. Marshal Erwin Rommel, commander oE the nazi Atrika- korps, chased the British back into Egypt when they were half way across Libya. The British chased him then, only to be driven back by another axis ol- lensive. *. * * Last spring axis p o w e r reached its zenith and Rommel "was stopped only at El Alamein, 70 miles from Alexandria, and Mussolini then made a secret visit to Africa to arrange for · his triumphal entry into Cairo. But in September, the eighth army launched its tremendous offensive that shattered the axis array, drove its remnants out of ' Esypt and across almost all of Libya, a distance of some 1.300 miles, and Saturday was entering Tripoli, richest, largest, and last remaining city of the Italian .empire. ¥ * * Tripoli was the only part of the Italian empire which has actual rather than mere potential value. Eritrea, acquired by barter, purchase, and diplomacy from 1880-1890, Somaliland, acquired by the same means in 1880. were mainly of strategic value, facing the Red sea and the Gulf of Aden, and Ethiopia's riches were enormous but entirely undeveloped. Practically all of Libya, acquired in a war \vith the Turks in 1911-1912, is worthless desert land except for Tripoli and its hinterland, the narrow coastal strip of Tripolitania. Mussolini built it up to the Italian people as a paradise. He spent millions there, building 1,500 miles of road, modernizing Tripoli, settling 1,800 families of colonists. He had hoped to settle eventually 80,000 families in Tripolitania. * * * Tripoli has a population of 120,e««, the largest city that has yet fallen to British arms, and fe built in terraces overlooking the blue Mediterranean, 420 Miles south of the southern tin of Sicily. It was founded by Phenicians at the-dawn of recorded history. They called it Oe». * * * U was a Roman colony, was conauered by the Vandals, re- _ loss of Tripoli, the .Rome radio said Saturday, that "the -grea struggle which · Italy has - been waging for 23 months in Nortl' Africa is coming to an end." In n broadcast recorded bv the Associated Press the fascist announced admitted the Italians had suffered enormous losses in thi desert campaign" and attributed the axis retreat to the Britis! eighth army's superiority "in men and equipment. Emphasis was placed on lh_ Dart played by the British navy in lampering the flow of supplies to Marhshal Rommel's forces. A reat part of Britain's submarine fleet had been concentrated in the Mediterranean, the broadcast said "The sacrifice of so much territory certainly Is painful, and i lias been defended with so mucl valor and with the loss o£ so mud blood. But in -war the loss of ter ritory is not the end of ncuver." the broadcaster said. "Or the other hand, the loss of al these territories cannot proven ultimate victory." -THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 91 BRITISH TAKE TRIPOLI NAZI 'CHUTISTS FAIL TO BREAK LINE IN TUNISIA British and American Troops Move In to Help French Forces ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH' AFRICA, (IP) -- German jarachute troops were dropped Behind the allied lines in Tunisia n a vain attempt to break the successful resistance to the axis tanks usfi down the Kebir river and the Ousseltia valley, but most of them were quickly rounded up. allied headquarters announced Saturday. German and allied land forces continued to fight in the Ousseltia valley below Pont Du Fahs while British and American planes bombed and shot up equipment of the German columns. It was not disclosed immediately whether the parachutists were demolition squads attempting to destroy bridges and other vital structures or fighting forces trying to seize positions in the allied rear. "P-40's, including the Lafayette Escadrille. attacked enemy vehicles, and machine gun. posts in Ihis (Ousseltia) area, while A-20s bombed enemy tanks."- the 'com- munique Said. '.'Hurricane bombers, r scorted«by; spitfires;- *ttacfeei objectives at Pont Du Fahs." ··'"'· Details..of the ground ..action were'.'not'-dis'clqseici by the com- munique, but it was reported Friday that British and American round troops had moved in to help the French stave off twin thrusts sofithwestward from Pont du Fahs by which the Germans had hoped to wrest control of a 50-mile long ridge as a barrier before their coastal communications lines. Goes to Town First Time in 54 Years--to Get Sugar Ration Book JAMESON, Mo., (;?)--The new war regulations have practically made a nomad out of Farmei Clarence Caudy. For 54 years he lived within 15 miles of Gallatin --but never once visited it. He finally made the trip. He needec a sugar ration book. MEANS BUSINESS --Former Film Star Clark Gable doesn't seem to be fooling about his intentions of knocking down a few axis planes as he fires a .45 caliber tommy gun, above, on the range at the army air forces' flexible gunnery school, Tyndall field, Florida. Age and size requirements were waived for Gable, now a first lieutenant, so that he might achieve his ambition to become an aerial gunner. Papuan Campaign Which Japanese Started 6 Months Ago Is Ended ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, UP)--Allied troops ave smashed the last organized apanese resistance at Sanananda oint alter wiping out, more than 25 of the enemy, tlms virtually nding the · Papuan campaign vhich began six months ago when he Japanese landed at Gona. Genral MacArthur's headquarters an- ounced Saturday. The announcement said that Australian and American forces rere mopping up scattered rem- lants of the Sanananda garrison nd declared the count of Japanese dead was steadily rising as latrols combed the jungle. * * * "A considerable quantity of enemy material and equipment has been captured, including field guns, trucks and ammunition," the communique added. * * * The victory signalized the elim- nation of a Japanese army offi- ially estimated at 15.000 men, v h i c h only last September marched across the rugged Owen "tanley mountains to within 32 miles of Port Moresby, vital al- ied outpost on the southern shores of New Guinea." Allied bombers, meanwhile, vere reported to have struck another heavy blow at Japanese shipping in the harbor of Rabaul ^Jew Britain, 1 sinking four vessel otaling 24,000 tons in a low-level dawn'attack, . "Direct hits on a 4,000-ton cargo ship split and sank the vesse withhi: ^tpur'~miaSBX? e -'TsBaV communique.-'"Ah 8,000-ton transport was left burning-with a-series of explosions. Two search- ights were extinguished by strat- ng." * * * Although the big: f o u r- motored bombers ran into a hujh altitude snowstorm and icin? conditions enronte to Ka- banl, and flew through heavy anti-aircraft fire over the target, all returned safely. * * * Other allied air formations Blasted at Japanese bases at Lac alamaua and Madang on the northeastern coast of Itfew Guine and also attacked an enemy merchant vessel in the Arafiira sea off Cape Van Den Bosch, ir Dutch New Guinea, the communi- que said. At the same time two Japanesi bombers were reported to hav made a night raid on Darwin Australia, dropping bombs harm- jly in a swamp. Three Japanese raiders also attacked Milni bay. New Guinea, and a singl_ enemy plane dropped two bombs at Merauke on the south coast o Dutch New Guinea, but caused no damage, allied headquarters said TRIPOLI--"JEWEL" OF THE ITALIAN EMPIRE Reds Take Salsk Base PUSH AHEAD IN DONETS BASIN Quick Outflanking Actions. Under Way U. S. Puts 235,000 Bushel Stock of Wheat on Market Acts to Keep Prices From Advancing Above Farm Parity Level. LAGUARDIAADDS NO TESTIMONY Voices Bitterness Toward Ed Flynn BULLETIN WASHINGTON, (#)--The sen- ale foreign, relations committee closed its hearings Saturday on Edward J. Flynn's nomination to be minister to Australia after Flynn told it he would never have permitted the nomination had there been anything dishonorable in his life. WASHINGTON, (iP) -- M a y o LaGuardia of New York told a senate committee Saturday that because of longstanding political] bitterness between himself and Edward J. Flynn he ,did not feel qualified to offer an unprejudiced opinion concerning Flynn's qualifications lo be minister to Australia. LaGuardia was on the witness stand of the foreign relations committee only a few minutes, and said nil he knew about the case had been related Friday by William B. Herlands. New York City commissioner of investigations. Robert L. Moran, former Bronx commissioner of public works, told the committee Saturday there was "nothing wrong'' with an arrangement by which · New York city employes laid granite pavjng blocks in the courtyard on the Lake Mahopac estate of Edward J. Flynn. smi fense .lines' -along', the Manych waterway;-have captured the railroad center and air.base on Salsk, 100 miles southeast of Rostov,'arid dispersed fresh German - forces which for a time threatened "to slow the Russian advance in southwestern sectors, dispatches from the front said Saturday * * W The German defenses before Salsk failed to halt the red army any more than had the rear guard actions of axis units in' the central Caucasus, it was reported, and the Russian advance now was said to be proceeding in both of those major sectors at a breath-taking paci. * * * ' Red army drives have carried to within 10 miles of the important Ukrainian city of Voroshilovgrad, drives aimed at reducing its worth as a transportation center and also at flanking Kharkov to the north. The red army also, reported that it took Konstanlinovskaya, on the north bank of .the Don river 75 miles northeast of -Rostov and only a .short distance east of where the Donets river flows into the Don. Campaign l i n e s developing along those rivers, however, fast are being outflanked by pushes along the Sal river valley, south of the Don's course, and down from Kamensky west ot the northern Donets valley. *. ?· * During Friday night's fight- in;, tlie Russian midday ucir bulletin recorded by the soviet radio monitor in London said, the same armies that took Salsk and Novy Yegorlik pushed into several more towns in the region, while south of there the trans-Caucasian army was credited with the capture of "dozens of populated places." * * * (The communique told of fighting at the approaches lo a big populated place where soviet troops were said to have wiped out two German cavaivy squadrons and disabled their tanks as well as capturing a great deal of material. . (The principal objective of j soviet troops in the Voroshilovsl;- Nevinnomysskaya v \vedge in that area has been Armavir, gateway to the north and to the west Caucasus oil fields. (More successes were detailed on^the Voronezh front and on the southwestern front with^hc capture of more towns noled, although they were not identified in the war bulletin.) A special communique announced the recapture of Snlsk and also of Mikoyan-Siiakhar, a city just north of Ml. Elborus, highest peak in Europe. Voroshilovgrad, industrial and rail center, and an important communications network ot which it is the apex, were pictured in a later communique as threatened by advances of red army troops who occupied Novo Aidar, 30 miles northwest of Voroshilov- grad, and Kondrashcvskaya, 10 miles northeast. ernmeht tossed ·' its 235,000,000- bushel stock of wheat'on the market Saturday in, a move to keep prices' from advancing above the parity level. * * * . The wheat was offered ' at prices equivalent to parity at the point of storaffc. Parity prices very according to point of storage and quality of the grain, but the national averasc Dec. 15 was $1.37 a bushel. V ff ^ Officials said that the bread grain had been advancing and that Saturday's action was expected to keep market prices from going above parity as long as government stocks were available at that price. The selling order followed reports that the government was considering placing a ceiling on wheat, similar to that established on 'corn recently, to prevent the development of a new price squeeze on millers. Prices millers receive for flour are con- rolled by price ceilings. Those ceilings were raised recently after advancing wheat prices cut the millers' margins to a point where many claimed they were forced to operate at a loss. The government wheat was acquired through liquidation of loans ' to growers. In determining the sales price, tlic" government will add 23 cents a bushel to the 1942 grower wheat loan rate at the point of storage. The loan rale was 85 per cent of parity. * * . * The government has been selling lower grades of wheat to farmers for livestock feed at prices equivalent to 85 per cent of She parity price of corn to encourage greater production of meat, dairy and poultry producls for the war food program. This wheat-feed sales program will be continued. Sales for feed purposes arc limited by law to 125,000,000 bushels during the fiscal year ending June 30. NEW GOLD WAVE Still Colder Weather- Predicted for Sunday DES MOINES, Iff) --A new cold wave moved into Iowa Saturday dropping temperatures in the north well below zero and the weatherman forecast still colder weather by Sunday. Shippers were warned to protect shipments against 25 degrees below zero in the northeast, -15 in the northwest, -15 in the southwest and zero in the southeast. Strong winds U'ere expected in the northern and eastern portions of the state Saturday afternoon. First effects of the new cold u-ave were felt over much of tlie state Saturday with sharp temperature drops from Friday; Temperatures sank to ;s low as S below zero ;it Spencer, u'liile Fort Dodge had -B. Mason City, -7 and Sioux Cily -I. At mid-morning the DCS Moines reading was 5 above. Friday's high temperature was 50 degrees at Lnmoni and the DCS Moines airport. PURSUEROUTED ROMMEL FORCE NEARERTUNISIA Axis Rear Guards Left Behind in Burning City Are Overwhelmed LONDON, (AP)--The. con- ei-iiig British eighth army vrcstcd Tripoli from the axis Saturday and the conquest of Premier Mussolini's African empire, which Prime Minister Slim-chill pledged ' in 1940 voulcl be torji "to shreds and attcrs," was all but complete. Rear guards left behind by Marshal Envin Rommel to slow the pursuit of his main forces into Tunisia were overwhelmed and the British took possession of the burning city at 5 a. m., officials a n n o u n c e d i n Cairo. * # * The Italian high command communique broadcast later by the Rome radio said axis troops evacuated the city and moved westward Friday night after fierce fighting. It said motorized elements battled Friday south of the city, around which a "wing of tlie eighth army was , swung · to speed the chase._ . _ ·'--Berlin l lutewise otifctallr ~ac-' knowledged the loss of Tripoli" ' British War Secretary Sir James Grigg. skipping the pending mop- up ol the western, readies of Libya; said that the fall ot Tripoli "completes the destruction o£ the Italian empire of Africa.'' * * * "Both tfic Russian and British armies have had their dark days of retreats," he said. "For both we believe the tide is now firmly turned." IMEDAL AWARDED STEWART IOWA ' CITY, tfP)--The American Association of Physics Teachers has awarded its Oersted medal of 1942 to Prof. George \V. Stcivarl. head of the department of physics at the University o£ Iowa for the last 32 years. The medal is given annually to an outstanding teacher of physics. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. Persons Paid for Not Working Are Exempt From Victory Tax AUGUSTA, Maine, (U.Ri--A typhoid carrier who is paid a regular salary by the state for not working is exempt from the new victory lax. according to a ruling by State Controller Albert L. Kane. When the typhoid carrier found that the victory tax bad been deducted from his pay check, he complained to the state controller, contending that the law covered only incomes from services rendered and not salaries paid to persons for not working. _ Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobt-GaicUe carrier boy. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Colder Saturday afternoon and Saturday nighl. Lowest temperature in Mason City 20 below. Strong winds Saturday afternoon. Continued cold Sunday forenoon. , IOWA: Colder Saturday afternoon and evening and in the extreme , east portion Saturday night and ] Sunday forenoon. Rising temperatures in the west and ccntrnl portions late Saturday night and Sunday afternoon. MINNESOTA: Colder east ancli continued cold west portion Saturday night, rising temperature south and west central portions Sunday forenoon. Light snow south and west central portions. Moderately strong winds south portions Sunday forenoon. IN MASON CITY statistics: In tlic destruction p£ the Italian empire the British "have had the ungrudging help from American supplies and the American air forces in the latest stage, but nevertheless it has been overwhelmingly our show," tlie war secretary said. Having dealt a shattering psychological as well as military blow to the axis, the British pressed forward without pause toward Tunisia on the liccls of Rommel's remaining troops, estimated to number B3.000. * ¥ ¥ In an effort to chop off rear elements of axis troops before they could reach the IMareth line, 65 miles inside the Tunisian b'order. some of General IHoulEomery's forces were believed to have cut across the ouusUil plain through El Azizia, 20 miles southwest of Tripoli. While the occupation of Tripoli was being accomplished, flights o£ allied bombers and fighters were ranging far ahead into Tunisia in destructive attacks on Rommel's material and manpower. While the retiring Germans and Italians undoubtedly demolished many insinuations in Tripoli's fine harbor, adding to the destruction wrought by allied bombers, London military sources said the port probably could be made useful in short order. Bengasi, they pointed out. was reported "totally destroyed" several limes in the course o£ the war in Libya, but each time was repaired quickly by the troops capturing it. * ·':· ¥ Uommcl had abandoned the Globe-Gazette weather Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a. m. Saturday At 2 p. m. Saturday YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 41 -7 _ - S 3 city without making · a determined stand although small forces of rearguards were left behind to slow the progress of the British army and give his army needed time to join the axis forces under Co!. Gen. Jurgcn vo:: Arnim In Tunisia, 100 miles to the west. Tlic capture of Ihe ccipital of Tripoli tan in put the eighth army within 200 miles of the enemy held Tunisian port of Gabes and only 320 miles from the axis supply lines through "Bomb Alley"-the stretch of the Mediterranean sea between Tunis and Sicily. Ten miles south of Tripoli is the large airport of Castcl Bemto, suitable for use by large allied bombers to raid axis ports and bases in Tunisia and the supply lines to Sicily and Italy. Use ot the excellent port of Tripoli will

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