The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 26, 1945 · Page 1
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January 26, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, January 26, 1945
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Of COhf NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H J S T O Y A N D A R C H I V E S "THE NEWSrAFER THAT MAKES AV.L NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIOR5" ·=.'*.··£· KJ«iy.;«?-i;Sift ? V^»,t5^,^S;;:;-i?^7T^ HOME EDITION MASON CITY, IOWA. FK1DAT, JANUARY 2S, IMS REDS BREAK THROUGH TO DANZIG BAY Ninth Captures Last Section of Opposing Siegfried Line BRITISH CLOSE UP ROER RIVER BELOWHOLLAND Germans Flee to Cologne Plain as Ninth Army Advances Paris, (IF) -- The American 9th . army captured the last 4 mile sec; 'lion of the Siegfried line before it Friday and with the: British 2nd army closed up the Ro'er riv«r all the 40 airline miles from Holland to below Duren. Strangely, the Germans have - abandoned the Hitlerian fortifica- . lions'and fled to the Cologne plain east of the Roer. The white-clad men of the 9th closed to within 25 ·miles' of Dusseldorf, 12 of Mun- chen Gladbaeh and 20 of Cologne ' in a limited attack which overran Brachelen (pop. 5,000) arid 6 nearby Industrial villages of Rhen- ish Prussia. . Fighting in an Alsatian blizzard, the U. S. 7th army cleared the entire south bank of the Moder river "16 miles abote Strasbourg late Friday and stamped out the gains achieved in a new German offensive mounted Thursday with 7 strongly ·- armored divisions. ^American lines were restored com^ pletely. · The 1st and 3rd armies drew ; efcfcs to the,- German frontier in *b* Ardennes section and in romny . . the Onr -river Into .the : Siegfried ·line' in the center' of the western front. ;· ..·;,. .,'·_.; .,:··_ , , ,' ~ : ; .' ' . ' The -Roer 'banks' provided :Gen. Eisenhower with a p o t e n t ' i a l springboard for a decisive lunge into the forests of chimneys of the German Ruhr and Rhineland. On the opposite flank * of the western front, Lt Gen. Alexander M. Patch's 7th army appeared to have brought the new German offensive in north Alsace to a standstill, AP Correspondent Robert C. Wilson reported. The Americans sealed off penetrations by 7 nazi divisions and slowly hammered the line back to its original positions in -fighting during one of the worst snowstorms in started. House fighting .continued Schillersdorf, 10 miles north Alsace since the war , o the Saverne gap, allied lifeline to imperilled Strasbourg. Wilson said . the. Germans were being herded into the southeast sector of the town. In the woods jnst west ol Hamenau, 15 miles north of the Alsatian capital, the Americans were mopping up Germans who crossed the Moder river between Nenborg and Schwieghonse. Wilson said the Americans counterattacked before the Germans could consolidate their bridge head. The penetration east of Haguenan was cleared and 10D Germans captured. * Fighting broke out near Bi- schwiUer, 4 miles southeast of Haguenau, The snow was 18 inches deep in places, bogging down infantry and tanks and ground planes. On the opposite flank of the western front, 7 or more German divisions, .however, gained more than a mile toward Strasbourg in the biggest enemy offensive since the Ardennes breakthrough. The'American 7th army counter-attacked Thursday night and wiped out one crossing over the Moder river near beleaguered Haguenau, .flattened another and whipped the nazis momentarily to a standstill. The 1st and 3rd armies .hammered the Ardennes bulge flatter · The. 102nd infantry division,' commanded by Maj. Gen. Frank A. Keating, dissolved the Siegfried line strongp'oints shielding Brachelen (pop. 5,000) at better than one^a minute. The Bhenish Prussian town lies 9 miles northwest of Julich, 14 below Munchen Gladbach and 29 west of Cologne. Coupled with quickening British advances, the allies were either at or within cannon shot of the. Roer for 40 airline miles from near Roermond to below: Duren: .*·. \ : · · · · · · ·^^ «*ve? is the strohVest'tiitnr- *!.'?PA.J»««ft4i»wrrier:lrfore the Cologne 'plain ana: flj«f Khlne'^ -i : The 9th army' had: been - relatively inactive for 6 weeks .during-which it took up .positions of the Roer vacated by the U S 1st army which countered the German offensive farther south in the Ardennes. The allies captured at least 23 villages. The British took 6, the irench 5, and the American 1st 3rd and 3th the rest. First American on French Soil Promoted Washington, (#)--The war department Friday announced the Dromotion from second to first leutenant of Franklin M. "Zip" Koons of Swea City, Iowa, who is credited with being the first American to fire a shot on French soil m World war II. ^ .. Koons was promote*^'Jfeh ser- jeant to second ueulfe^nt last July. REPORT NAVAL BATTLE FOUGHT NEAR SHANGHAI . Chinese Newspaper Says Japs Broke Off Engagement at .Noon P«arl Harbor, (U.R) -- Unconfirmed Chinese reports said Fri- ·day that 50 American and Japanese ships'battled for 9 hours in the East China Sea within 300 miles of Shanghai Tuesday in the biggest naval engagement since last October. Japanese forces broke oft the battle at noon a n d - f l e d toward their homeland, some 65(1 miles to the northeast, the Chinese army newspaper Sao Tang Fao at Chungking said. The newspaper said the engagement began at 3 a. m. (China time} off Yungkia (Wenchow) and Pingyang, on the China coast some 250 miles south of-Shanghai and 200 miles north of Formosa Gunfire was audible at Pingyang, it added. Pacific fleet headquarters made no comment on the report, but units of Admiral William F Halsey's 3rd fleet launched carrier planes against Okinawa, 475 miles east of Yungkia, Monday some 12 hours before the supposed engagement. · There have been no official re~^S y*^^n»»^* *«e . fl«t attacks on the Formosa area Sunday, a major American warship -- possibly a battleship or_ an aircraft carrier -- was damaged. It was the first time since the early days of the Pacific war that American warships have been reported in the East China Sea which is bounded on the north by Korea and Japan, on the west by China, on the south by Formosa fs"fandf eSSt by the Ryukyu American warships have not tangled with Japanese naval nnits in strength since the 2nd battle of the Philippines last October when the 3rd and 7lh fleets taik forces T ,.9,? ne F a i Douglas MacArlhur's Phihppmes-based bomber's, meantime, continued their nightly attacks on Formosa. Liberators set off fires and explosions in an attack on fuel storage facilities at Takao, while air patrols shot down an enemy bomber and sank a coastal vessel. Yank Pays Fine in French Money Columbus Ga., (^)-A {icket for a meter ordinance violation followed Pvt. R. O. De Cesare,,formerly of i t. Benning, some 4 thousand mik-s before it reached him m October. The recorder's court clerk got it back with a 50-franc note to cover the fine and the following note- When I received the ticket I could not attend to it, as I was d'ue back in camp on orders and I have been unable to remit since as I have been on the go." Report Several B-29's Attack §ingapore ' By The Associated press A broadcast Japanese commu- nique said Friday- that "several enemy B-29 heavy bombers" attacked Singapore early Friday and added the usual calm that ' absolutely no damage was caused by this enemy nuisance raid." The Tokyo communique said that a lone B-29 later in the morning appeared over the area apparently on a reconnaissance mission. Ask Action on Wallace Immediately Washington, (/P) -- Opponents shifted to a frontal attack on the cabinet nomination'- of Henry A Wallace Frjday as the former vice president set up boundaries on the authority he might wield as secretary of commerce. The senate commerce committee scheduled a closed meeting to vpte on legislation to strip the department of control over the government's lending agencies. But even as this action neared, administration critics let it become known that they believe they have 48 to 50 votes -- enough to defeat the nomination -- if it is considered before the senate passes on the divorcement bill. For that reason, t h e y had changed tactics and were urging that .Wallace be voted up or down, with the department standing intact as Jesse Jones left it under the sting of a dismissal letter from President Roosevelt. Jones turned direction of the departmental and federal loan administrator functions over to Undersecretary W a y n e Taylor Thursday. Thus apparently 'bowing out of the official Washington scene. His departure, coupled with reports that the house might not be so keen about t h e divorcement bill, evidently led to the shift in tactics among some of those who want to keep Wallace's hands off the $40,000,000,000 purse strings of the Reconstruction Finance corporation and allied agencies. Chairman Baileyy (D/ If; 'Car.) w H b ' ' - ' H a 3 - - ' : c h l l e n ' ^ s ability .to handle -the dual role, said there is no disposition to delay commerce committee action on the nomination, observing: "I don't think the committee has any right to pigeonhole the nomination, of a cabinet officer." On the Wallace side of the fence stands Senator Pepper (D. Fla.,) who wants the ex-vice president to control the whole works that Jones ran. Pepper conceded that a committee majority seems to favor reporting out a bill by Senator George D. Ga.) to re-establish the lending control under a separate agency. A proposed amendment would prevent President Roosevelt from transferring it back to the commerce department. Pepper also thought that if the split in authority was not reported out, the committee likely would go against the Wallace nomination. He contended, however, that Wallace had made a valuable witness for himself in a day-long appearance before the group at Thursday's open hearing. "Anybody who heard Jesse Jones and then heard Henry Wallace could not help but be struck by the greatly deeper understanding of t h i s country's problems that Wallace displayed," Pepper said. . : Likewise, Senators Murray (D. Mont.) and Guffcy (D. Fa.j thought that the former vice president had made some voting hay among the senators. But to Bailey, Wallace's proposals were merely "a statement of beautiful objectives," without what the chairman described as "specific methods of carrying them out." Senator George commented that the Wallace presentation seemed to him "a CIO 1948 specqh." The CIO gave active backing to Wallace in a statement issued by President Philip Murray. tured it TA «f CLARK FIBLD-B-24 and B-25 bombers and A-20 fighters of the U TM "' f ° rC Clark field bef °TM *TMnd troops Yanks Plunge Within 40 Miles of Manila SPORTS BULLETIN President Edward Barrow of the New York Yankees says the baseball club will be sol« to a 3-man syndicate by nightfall. "The deal is not yet closed," says Barrow, "hut I expect it to be, later in the day." Earlier, a Sew York newspaper reported that the syndicate baying- the Yankees is made up of Colonel Larry MacPhail, Captain Dan Topping arid Del Webb of Phoenix, Ariz. Ihe purchase price is said lo Weather Report v FORECAST Mason City: Mostly cloudy with snow .flurries Friday afternoom and .Friday night. Colder Friday night with lowest temperature about zero. Iowa: -Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday. Cloudy with light snow southwest portion. Little change in temperature. Minnesota: Partly cloudy Friday night a n d Saturday, colder northwest and extreme north portions Friday night. Slightly colder Saturday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Thursday 34 Minimum Thursday o At 8 a. m. Friday i YEAR AGO: Maximum g,f Minimum . 45 Note--Highest temperature ever recorded here in January. Precipitation Trace Expect Japs to : !Wafee Stand at Caiumpit General MacArthur's H e a d- quarters, Luzon, (U.R) _ The 40th (California) division, with Clark' Field's dozen airstrips and adjacent Fort Stotsenburg firmly in its hands, rushed on to the south Friday within 40 miles or less of Manila and 20 miles of Manila jay. (A Tokyo broadcast recorded by the FCC said Friday that the American command appeared to te planning "new developments m the Luzon war situation with the massing of fresh troops " The broadcast called attention to increased number of ships in the waters south of Luzon and an intensification of air attacks on the Manila area, including Corregidor island in Manila bay.) The division was expected to make rapid progress without a major battle at least as far as Caiumpit on the Pampanga river, 24 miles southeast of Clark field and 26 miles northwest of Manila. -The San Fernando river half way between Clark field and Ca- iumpit, offers a possible enemy defense line, but there were no ndications of any large Japanese orces there and the fixed defenses were not too strong Destruction of bridges across the 'San Fernando may slow the advance however. ' It appeared more likely that the Japanese would make their stand, if at all, at Caiumpit, within easy striking distance of Manila. American planes destroyed a Japanese concentration of' troops and vehicles at Caiumpit soon after the invasion of Luzon Jan. 9. Gen. Douglas MacArthnr celebrated his 65th birthday Friday by announcing the capture of Clark field, greatest air base in the western Pacific and where his original air force was wiped out by Japanese dive bombers only a few days after the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor Dec. 8, 1941. _ Though cratered by American bombs and littered with the wreckage of Japanese aircraft, Clark field probably quickly can be restored to operational condition. Its dozen airstrips and thousands of acres of dispersal areas make Clark field big enough to handle the entire present strength of MacArthur's 5th and I3th air forces -- thousands of planes-though it was obvious that all would not be concentrated there. From Clark field, American planes can fan out over Formosa 475 miles' to the north, French Indo-China, 775 miles to the west, and Hong Kong, 650 miles northwest, as well as cover any projected landings on the China coast. The 40th division met only scat- rwuL~j*, fi»»i\jia aim 11x111 sniper fire in its capture of Manila, and Fort Stotsenbnre 3 miles further west. SECURE DOZEN House to start MANY CLASHES 4%l ''·'·tiff -···'·^ dai^H«^ B^. jfc. /\ ,s-v4-v *-k-«A ^^ ----. Action on v Manpower Bill Washington, (U.R)--Members oC the house rules committee indicated Friday that they would provide for house action next week pn proposed "work or else" legis- ay repore numerous clashes lation, hut also made it clear that along the alh army front as Amer- a * t r o n tlht wou!d e a strong fight would be waged to add an anti-closed shop clause to it. Acting «ules Committee Chairman Eugene E. Oox, D., Ga., and Rep. Howard W. Smith, D., Va., a member, both ex-pressed conviction that persons "drafted" into essential war industry work under the bill should not be compelled to join a union even though the plant to which they were assigned worked . under a closed shop union contract. Rep. Paul Kilday, D., Tex., a member of the house military affairs committee which drafted the bill, testified that such an amendment had been adopted by the committee but subsequently was eliminated as a "compromise" designed to remove all controversial features from the bill. Kilday said the same thing happened to a fail- employment practice amendment which would have prohibited any ; employer from refusing to take on, because of'"race, creed or color'' any prospective worker assigned to him by federal authorities. Cox said the military committee 'chilled (he enthusiasm" of the public and congress for work or fight legislation when it took out "the anti-closed shop amendment." "It should be put back in the bill to show who's master of this country, the government or labor unions," he said. Chairman Andrew J. May, D., Ky., of the military affairs committee denied that the proposal was an "anti-strike bill," as contended by Rep. Charles Halleck R., Ind. ' BEDSIDE CHAT Hydro, Okla., Rev. L. , ., -- ev. . G. Goodwin had the mumps and was unable to preach from his pulpit. He ngged up the loud speaker put the microphone beside his bed and went ahead with his sermon below Clark field,: 45 miles from Manila and 22 miles north of Manila bay. Magalang, 8 miles northeast of Clark field, also was reached. Other units of the 40lh division were clearing scattered enemy troops from the nearby hills. While the frontal advance on Manila was virtually unopposed, Maj. Gen. Insis P. (Bull) Swift's first corps was meeting fierce resistance along the eastern flank of the invasion front, S 65 !?^"TM *t_Amalamj, 2 miles ern tip of the front, was crushed ri. i, r- ijT cii ., " v ^"" l c =i» up 01 me tront, was crushed M»nH» - r m t I « I l'" tl !. west American artillery also knocked iiiamla. and rnrt Stf*{e»nl,n«fv »i.i T , . .. _ . out Japanese guns in the Rosario area, a few miles farther east, but -.-- -- /, BUM, a JEW miies lartner east but Pressing on to the south, the the enemy still was cUngiri to dw,sion overran Angeles, 4 miles pillboxes and other-fixed"defenses! ON ITALY FRONT American Patrols Probe Nazi Positions Rome, (U.R)--Headquarters Friday re'ported numerous clashes ican patrols probed German positions, while in the Adriatic sector 8lh army units fought off 2 attacks on strong points. American patrols tested out the German positions , all along the 5th army front and drew strong enemy reaction. One of the heaviest clashes occurred south of Bologna in the Monte Belmonte area where the Americans prisoners. took a number of Three similar clashes occurred at Castel Nuovo, Monte Palazzo, and Villiana in the Vergato area, about 9 miles southwest of Bologna. Two German raiding parties were repulsed in the vicinity of Querciola, about 8 miles farther southwest. A German fighting patrol, armed with machine guns and ba- Colignola. It wns repulsed a f t c a sharp fight. Buy your War B o n d s ISOLATE NAZIS; BEGIN ADVANCE ON KONIGSBERG New Breakthroughs Announced in Area of Poznan, Bydgoszcz London, (If) -- Russian forces have broken through to the Bay of Danzig, Marshal Stalin announced Friday. ·This drive cut off East Prussia completely and put the former free city of Danzig in the Immediate path of the red army. The capture of 4 East Prussian towns on the approaches to Konigsberg was also announced in an order of trie day. The 4 towns are Allenburg, Nordenburg, Lotzen and Tapiau. Allenburg is 32 miles southeast of Konigsber; and Tapian Is 21 miles east of the East Prussian capital. Nordenburg is 21 miles southwest of Insterburg. AU were described in the order as "powerful strongpoints in the permanent German defense lines covering the central districts of "East Prussia." From Moscow AP Correspondent Eddy Gilmore said- Russians, having isolated the German forces in East Prussia, were now starting "the grim task of storming Konigsberg and Elbing, the 2 biggest centers of resistance left." A wide mopping up operation in the German province was reported in progress, with soviet columns still from 10 to 15 miles from Konigsberg. Friday's German communique said Russian tank formations had driven "farther to the west and northwest on both, sides of Poznan." It reported bitter fighting was in progress for Poznan, By- dgoszcz and Torun Bydgoszcz, is 69 miles northeast ofToznanand Torun is about 25 miles east of Bydgoszcz. The German high command announced that "a fierce tank battle developed southwest of Gleltviiz," important mining and communications cenler.in upper Silesia now held by Russians. In East Prussia, the German communique said, strong forces of red Infantry and tanks were beaten back in heavy fighting after trying to' break across the Pregel and Dcime rivers. As the German radio announced the threat to Brandenburg, the red army newspaper Red Star asserted "we have reached the last road-the road we have dreamed about for 3 long years." At the nearest point the Brandenburg border is within 3t miles of the German capital, but the German broadcast did not place the .Russian spearheads exactly Moscow reported Thursday that irmy forces were little more 125 miles from Berlin. Two other capital cities of German provinces were being threatened. The Russians announced that "all direct communications army had launched an all-out drive for Konigsberg.' Moscow placed the Russian forces within 5 miles of Poznan and H German broadcast reported ' and they had driven past botli sides of _ -,_j *..ij 411 i.Gt*^.iiii]£ me vi-- cimty of the Brandenburg fron- ·* * * * ^ i= RUSSIANS CROSS ODER, CUT OFF EAST PRUSSIA-Arrows show red army drives on the eastern front (heavy line). Moscow announced Russian troops had crossed the Oder river southwest of Breslau, in Silesia, and Berlin reported another crossing at Steinau, farther north. The Russians also broke through to the Baltic coast east of iMbing in East Prussia.

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