The Evening Post from New York, New York on July 23, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Thursday, July 23, 1818
Page 2
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JULY 23. With Biach ila!uct;oo we have read tha in telligent and liberal article which wa thu eve ring present our reader with, from the London 'tinu iAfuy J2,at high - toned a national paper rated willi pleasure bj the American public, : T the EdUorof IhtTimts. - Sir Tho well known candor of your paper will, it H believed, secure the insertion ot toe following observation, which have been put together in consequence of tiie article contained iu IKt Timet of Thursday and I nday last, on the ubject of the bdl now in it progress tbro' the American congress, regulating the intercourse between our West India cokmiet and the luiud Slates. - ' ' The concluiions which have been come to in the following statement, differ materially from t.'iosa at which vou have arrived. Full credit beuJ jivon for theiocerity with which you cb tertain the omnium which are held by you, a si milar claim on the part of the writer of thcte observations, it it hoped, will not Da maue in vain ; and that ha may be permitted to state, tlut his reasonings rest upon genera! principle alone ; being neither a proprietor of West India tidies. Bora mercantile man, on the oae hand, nor being or having tha slightest acquaintance with any American citizen, on the other. ' A sincere and ardent attachment to the glory and the fortunes, of England, and an anxious wish that she would in all things judge of llio conduct of others as tits would be judged of by Uiem, is tbe foundation upon which the followiug reasoning is hiid : and it is trusted that interest and prejudice have had liltlo to do in formiog the retult. The success which crowned our effort', at the conclusion of the late contest, his led us to believe, and believing it, we have not hesitated to express, that all th virtue, talent, and understanding iu tho world bolongod exclusively to ourselves; and (bat being - iu possession of these, we havo considered that all other nations should regulate their measures and frame their laws in support of our honor, and in furtherance of our interests. It Is by no means intended to quarrel with (bis failing, so necessary to our existence and pre - eminence ; but it does appear, tliat our character would stand higher for every goneroot sentiment, n we were less lorwaru iu displaying it, and that our interest would be considerably promoted, if we could come back to those old found principles of international law, which used to bless and render happy the nations of the world, and consider that our own prospe - I ij iuii uaj'j iucn9 wmacu uout4 iu hi. that of every other nation, and that every increase of wealth to them is but an addition to our own ; the mast industrious gaining most from the general prosperity. In tbe tamo way we are too apt to consider the acts of ibreign states, which may in reality, or in our own conception, affect some branch of our industry, at enacted in the spirit of hostility to this country; forgetting and disregarding that they have the same right to legislate for and regit ite their commercial pursuits as we ourselves have, and at the same time putting out of consideration, that perhaps they were induced to a - dopt the very measure cemplained of by tome act of our own; probably both the one and the other being equally unwise and impolitic, and as hurtful to the country making tho regulation as the one against whom it is afnied. This is, I fear, unfortunately for ourstlves and the world, the general character and failing which prevails amongst us at the present moment ; keoping alive a spirit of discontent and restlessness, promoting at home a desire for le gislative interference and regulation, destructive v( our dearest interest, and preserving those feelings of irritation which have sa long split the World into factions, and rowing the early iceds of new dinenlions and of future wars, lis no imtuacc, however, are these feelings so stron and so deeply felt as towards the United Stairs of America; and when even you, sir, lay it down as an axiom not to be doubted, that uio is tbe nraj of juigland in peace, as she has been, as she may again be, her enemy, in war," you must readily admit its univenality, and that tbe sentiment, I regret to state it, accords well with Ilia feelings of a large portion of the people of this country; lurnisiung another proof ol the tcuth of an observation which is certainly not new, - that communities are more generally led by their prejudices than their reason. The proof of such a position as that stated so 1 roadly by you, certainly rests upon the per. - ou wha brings it forth ; and as truth is always benefitted by d'ucussiou, we thould be happy to see it attempted by one of your candor and information, beggiog you to keep in mind at the tame time those enlightened and liberal views with wliicli you opposed tho silly complaints of the people ol Uic Netherlands una or ircrmany, a - gaiqst the introduction of British manufactures and commerce. In the mcau lime, however, it appears that it may lo Uted with advuutago to the clear understanding of this very inijiorUnt question, that it is somewhat difficult to perceive how that nation should be oar enemy in peace, which, in its habits, its laws, its institutions, aud its language, moil resembles our own, and which, owing to the influence of all these reasons, is cur bet and tuoft extensive cujtomer ; and who, as she increases in wealth, must coutinue to deal more largely in the purchase of oar goods : for many a year mu;t roll over her, before, in the natural course of thing", if ever, America can supply herself, units forced to it by measures emanating from ourselves. Iu no one circumstance, indeed, d3 the two nation' or lhir iuterett interfere, if left fairly to themselves and to the natural circunutauccs in which they are placed. The late war and ils horrors placed us indeed iu a situation host it o to each other; 'but I (rust that the wisdom which each party learned from thai contest will enable them to avoid the tamo result hereafter ; and those causes ln; removed which led to it, no obstacle seems to ttund in the way of a full reconciliation and participation ol nil just international rights, but the one which gave rise to your observation and to these remarks. ConnJer but for a moment the relative portions of the two countries, and observe th raw material she affords for us to work op, ami recollect bow the industry of our people it tup ported by her demand for manufactured articles of every description. Ask MaGoTUshtre, and the couoy palatine of Lancaster; ak Birmingham; nay, Rk LonJou herself, what they experienced when that valuable market wat interrupted and it there not ever reason for onion, and uoac lor quarrel ? Bui America, it is said, tends tier shirts into every sea; and in every port where tbe L'ngli'h Union i unfurled, there al:o are diplayed the ttarr nf the United State - . And are we thm to contlee at our enemies every nation which Uh - dusUvra., - and wj;t war against it to prevent that progress which God and nature hat equally pranted onto all ? Well would we then juHily the worst part of the character whieli the latt ruler of France at any time iu hi hate ventured to intuit ut with. U wu',a harbour any tuch feeling, let ut discard it at on;e, tiud re - .ur w vn maxims oi our lathers wluch have mn lt us wnai we are, tma con,irter that wh.t 'ld to . 1 1.1. ! . . at tK - r "creMo our own prpe - rityatthe same ti - ne. But America add, her navy in time ol peace. n I is En;' tn so idly as cot to do the woie ? Far o iif rwiie do I hifH! and brheve the fart to be ; but are wu enough oot to boast of that hich it i the duu of all rovernmentt to perform to ue the day' of peace in pre,irin2 arais't thme Conte: - whieh cannot be avoided. Besides, havn ttit - THURSDAY, land ? An3 let It not he fcryotten, that it it (be opinion of tome of the best beads in this country. that will da mora increase ner oavmi firauciu in the same ratio as she - adds to the number of! her ships, Una we bave ourselves Uone oesore her. A navv can be made effectual only to certain pcinC uiS ttrictly limited by the es - teot of the mercantile marine of the country. Tbe expense of her equipments also are likely to create another circumstance to control the eo - tire efficiency of her naval exertions. Withmg, however, rather to show in what manner the two countries may be kept together in tne Donas of peace, uiao iw m.t - - - ,W.:A hf in th event of war. bv showing bow . .i i an In tmni'lf hlrinrnts are united, and their ob jects the same, I shall add a few extracts - from a paper written by a mol uoexcpuooauijuu5 io such a question, and whote talents for observation will be as little lenied, as his desire oot to exaggerate the portrait which be has drawn will readilv tt admitted. M. de talleyrand, in his excellent memoir upon the Commercial ttHntioiit of tbe United fiiittM end fjirlanrf. in 1707. to the National In stitute oi France, (a paper which ought to be studied bv theeovcTimniitf and iieople of the two countries) slates, as a remarkable fact, the constantly increasing commercial intercourse between the Unitptl States and F.ndaml, adding that whoever has seen America thoroughly cn - not lor a moment hesitate in snvine the greater part of her custom are ttill Eng'i'h, that herfor - :ner commerce with EnRland hat increased greatly, in rlace ot havine diminished, sinrn her inde pendence ; and that, consequently, that event, in lieu of having been prcjudidnl, has been attended with the happiest consequences to Knpiand." Alter comliiiying Dilteny olllie lime innneiicc that France had maintained over tho councils, and bow completely she had lost ever advantage wnir h the expected to derive from the at - tittahrethe gave Amciioa, in enabling her to make herself indi pcndi nt of Hie mother country, he goes on to say, The identity of language is the first circumstance whose influence it is im post! bit to over - rale. This identify confers upou the people or the two countries a common cna - ract;r, which will always make the in taku to each other; they will mutually consider themselves at home, when travelling in eitlier country ;tliey can discuss at frrrdoin and without reserve that which concern tlxrir mutual interests, wtiiUt an insuperabM! harrier it raised up between .hose who spt - ak itifTcrent Intizungi s, win are unable to pronounce a word without tx - lraying that they are not ol the tame country. In every part of America where I have been, I did not find a tingle Ltig'iilimnn who did not feel him'cll ut home : nor a freurhman who did nut feel Hint he wa a foreigner. l!ut why should we lie nlo - nislK'd to find tuch a tendency to connect itself withKngland, in n country where the great out - lints of the federal constitution, as well as those of the particular states, nre all derived fiomtlmt of England; where her civil liberty rests upon the tame foundation the Habeas Corpus net and trial by Jury If you attend tho scttnnsof congress or the tilling ol the stale icgisinuires, you will fiud their precedents and authorities all borrowed from England, nnd the proceedings of her parliament. If you enter a court of justice, you will find (he rules and judgineuts of the English courts quoted and followed. Surely, if men nnder the influence ol such operating causes, thuuid no iceling or attachment to England, one must retute assent to the influence of laws o rer mankind, and deny the existence of those impressions which they receive liom the objects which surround tliem " Such it the recorded and deliberate itatement of one of the most acute un derstandings &ud consummate statesmen of mo drn times a itatement fully home out by the ttatemcbt ol another countrymen of his own, M. dc Ueaupur, who wat French consul iu America, in hit sketch of the United fetates. With such high and unprejudiced autlmnty, is it wiiein ut to iliicuet a people whose interest it is, as it is their inclination, to remain on good terms with u: ; who at the tame time are our best customers and likely to continue to, in ordtr ililil wcroay indulge n little pevisli lei mig which we ought In be above r We are ready to ack nowledge that they have not been behind us, in America, in vulgarity of abuse ami intemerunre of lantruasre : hut it is n fact that can be clearly demonstrated, that such conduct was as displeasing to the toYerninrut of America as n similar conduct in England hat been to ours, and that it did not procred from persons born citizens ol America, hut from those who, unfortunately for both countries, otitainru, Irom circumstances winch Ijave ceased to exist, a temporary com mand over um press ol that country. My own individual Ailing towards America has always been of a different sort. It hat been that of oolite nnd gtnrout pride considering the production hi to mighty a nation, into short n lime, at the first rmnezviic iidoo tlie excellence of tiie English contitulion, the litnct other laws to promote the pruspr nty and happinets of mankind, and the manliness and vigour of the character of her people who could rear tech a state, wno even in tneir ambition, murinities, vanity, wnd contc - mi't ol other nations, tlronjly hctruy (he origin whence t'icy Rie thrived. I look forward u ithdcligtil to the extension of our lawt and our laniu;i:eovro lane a portion of the globe, and the infl icnce which the nam; nnd cha racter cf and will in conequence, i! not marred by mean and selfish motives, exercise o - rer the f.iture fate and Ibttuntt of nations. At to thequpttion which hat been the occasion ol troubling you w ith these rt - iuarus, it nppeart clear that Colli nationt have an undoubted right to act os Ihiy have done. At the tain's time, it joet appear that h.itn had bctlr r l.ave renamed from doing that wbich they have done. It interrupt! the course and freedom of commerce l - tween them ; it create! beurt - hurnings which had uener ue uvouieu ; u maitei uic itesi uiuia planters bur tlieir lumher dearer, which, ol course, maket tho penpie of England pay more for their tugar, at it doe t (hepenile of tiie United Stales, for Tier rum and molatset; and ail for the take, and that problematical loo, cf a colony whose trade, either present or future, when compared with the American or West India tr.'do, is nothing, and which the Americans certainly will lake from us the first war we shall unfortu nately be engaged in with them, and which this very measure, the only tu'ncct of contention be - twet - o the two cout.'.n. F, will possibly precipitate. The conquest of Cutiada was trratrd as the bnjf'.ilest circumstance in I'itt't celebrated administration ; as t.tvieg the colonics of England from all future attack. How short lighted i the wisdom of mm ! That tame luiinsler hed to tee that very event lead to the separation ol tbe colonic from thu mother country, and it h.isevr since n - ovedthe foundainn ni ail misunderstanding between this country and Amine. Would it were again surrendered to Ktanci - lor a proper equivalent, nnd the union of the United states with England and her hostility t J France would be perpetual : but an end uiu - t be null - ) then ded opponeut of the American war ; as the war hich forced u to be independent of Great Bn - taia." Least said, they lay, M r. ft oab, it mended soonest. From ttie (A'ew - Haren) Connecticut Journal J July Zl. " Counterfeit billiThe public are cautioned against receiving five dollar bills cn Jacob Barker's Imnk. A greater proportion of those that circulate in thit state arc said to be counterfeit, and to well executed, that good judges with difficulty distinguish them (roni true bills. There are reasons for believing them to be executed iu thit state ; their circulation it daily increasing, and the evil U not liable to be remedied except by an eotiro suppression of all Jacob Barker's uotes. The notes of an individual ought uot to obtain circulation in any community, aud it is in the power of the merchants and other men ol business in New - Haven, to suppress the circulation ol Jacob Barker's bills entirely. Is it not thoir duty ? Barker's bank, we acknowledge, is a chartered institution : but the charter it limited to Ihrec years from the time it was given, andil not renewed at the expiration, a note cannot uc offered in this state without incurring a penalty. I'crhaps he will tiot tlicose to renew it; and in that case he must slop discounting or hazard a viulaliouof llio laws of his own state : if he discontinues business at (hat time, who will answer ("r the redemption ol all his bills ! But be may discontinue business before that time ; nnd not withstanding his real estate is pledged for the redemption ol his uotes, the public have no assurance of its being adequate security The safest course is to refuse taking them at all ; and if a mutual uiHler.itaudiug to this effect can be had between the merchants and men of bus - ines in this town, there will he no np)rehrnrion of loss, either from counterfeits or failure, to redeem the true bills." Mr. Jacob Barker doitcs ns to &IVe, in an swer to tho preceding article, that the bills of his bank have not, to his knowledge, been counterfeited, except of the denomination of fire dollars payable on drmand. Those which are payable in notes current at the several banks in this city, have never been counterfeited to his knowledge, nor those payable iu the bills of the incorporated bauks of this state. Some months since he detected a person with a package of counterfeit notrs of several bankr, among whih were some ofthoso five dollar bills, purporting to be of his Exchange Bank ; but, before any of the latter had becn'put in circulation, he look this person immediately, with the bills about him, to the office of the Evening I'ost, and at his own request, he put the public on their guard against such notes. We piiMhhc J a description of them. And then Mr. Barker delivered the man over to the police, aud thus slopped the farther L"tue of thoso lulls, and destroyed those already issued at fast as they came iu for redemption : which was doing all that any bank could do under similar circumstances. It is admitted that counterfeiters have made great proficiency iu their diabolical practi ce! ; but, it is denied, that they have succeeded belter in imitatiug the bills of Mr. Barker's bauk (ban of nearly all tho other banks in the union. Mr. Barker, through this medium, begs the editors of the Connecticut Journal to reflect on the consequences of attacking any man while lawfully pursuing his business, as they may have to aiu wer therefor. Mr. Barker it not surprised (hat the incorporated banks should manifest their hostility lo a better system, nor that, in the absence of area - onal le caue, they should thus seize on the pretext of counterfeit notes, although the argument they urge is equally powerful against the circulation of their own rmper. The other part of the article Mr. Barker docs not think proper for the present to notice, relying on the intelligence of his countrymen to estimate for tlicni - elves tho comparative advantages of banking under nu act of incorporation, which hides tho wanagcrs from the public eye, and frees them from pecuniary responsibility, and that arming from an individual Banking on his owu responsibility, whore whulo estate is an - nweralle for tlicdebtsofhifl anl:, aud he himself known, to bo the author of all it? measures, and consequently is dependent entirely on his good conduct for success. rOMMl.'MCT!0. Mr. (V.cmaii Having frequently noticed communications in your paper, complaining ol carmen for driving at a rato which the law does not in - lily, and oilier violations of the law, I wotud siij;;r?t lo Ihoe fjui'd - lrivcrs, that, in - tead of tamg you with Incir complaints they had better make Ihem to (he proper officers, who, lam confident, will take proper measures lo remedy the evil, - 4 hen the mdividuaf aggressor can be found. The custom cf implicating 2000 men iu indiscriminate rmirtirc, fjr the improper conduct of a few disorderly individii:d, it certainly unjust and unfair. Aroorg our armeu, I will venture to say, there u, in proportion lo their I "umber, as many correct, moral and deserving men, n. ia any otherrlvs of society. In so nu - ! i h ho presented to the police ome, who 1 lrjnrni(teJ it to his honor the mayor, who, oa '.nc;igatinclhn uhja t, suspended the off - ndcr ( V'W.'en to trnrillcri. At travellers gene rallv fr: tM1fio'': D Pc rarr, rela - tic to luietolsta'ft (uliy romj he - 1 wi'h, and as 1Bic,Vatioat will incrra tinier choked in their fi?t c - .ire er, it is the duty of every one possessing any other feeling than that of selfi - hoc", to t'atc, for thr information of others, impvsiticnt that from t:rricne he iuternls avoiJing himself. It is guerallv nndrrstooxl that the Potl Chaint fnm rrntid - lp'iiti lo lUuet'y will meet the Steam Vn:t .anltlu at lteo - ii - lanJ, and that the r,'cn:ffr on " Hi' pla - e, aim t'r.'ort. I of eeotlemen ; the carriers remain discusMous, which lead tj consideration! of no I merous a body there will of course be tome uncommon iutcresL I. propr r harariers, and to such ought our ccn - i mre l. - v lie confined A few days since one cf this The National Advocate repeats that the ! le i iMion was driving at full speed through capture of Peusacola is not a declaration of wari t'ai 1 street, and a gentleman narrowly ei apsnl asaintt Spain." Xo, not a decla.alion, but an ! 7," pv" b? 'I?'; of J'hu ' . . . t .' .. i ihs puMic in a new - paper, he hud act. Wi..Nouli impute.' to me the arsci Lou, Uial I !,; , ur,,lcj( arul dUcovercd, hi lus number, uo war can be constitutional that is not dcclart d by Congress I have not taid to. But what 1 , ,L - i. , ' c ' : Iro ii hn horo lor one mooiii, nu.l infirnied him offcorive war : an l that war is offensive which j t,n ,fC,Uud i. - l:inthelawiu fntnre, - is made iu consequence of provocations rcceiv - oii. - sum would be taken from him euluely. I, either real or imaginary; that is defensive' Frie"d 10 Carmen. which is made in opposition. Tho former can I Canmracaion. be made Lv no rower ia this coantrv. bnt Con - jres, ; neither the president nor general Jack - soa can decide on war : it is not their province to pronounce whether thero U or is not jntt cause of war; bat it is cxprosly declared " 77ie Coi - grett iltMil hart fiver to drcUre uir.n I hjpc 1 have .xprewJ myself ViUitufucieut clearness, "A nrtomtiutl toneVg derived righte - 'i - 'y KPg'rf." Tlii is the way in which Mr.' i , ) ABWieij6 cnwiiiaa to cattail with but ,.il Bti',r r - .hWii ir wlittf. unJ the? think so till! i kll hart aJmiltcd it tra not 'politic, to not one tingltj declared object of it saJ oWained. Bat how it it. that while oprtilW'tosv war which the minority does not approve of is brand - , d as faettout in one country, that similar conduct it by the tame men extolled as virtuout in another f ' Casting my eye on the National Intelligencer cf thit morning, I see an article recommending Bishop Watson's work to the public, aud the editor tays, It is an additional recommendation of hit writings, that be wat al way t a deci - Voih express, hhustlf re - r - i lli - lt war - tC ranve - rM tht,r wrsoi.t placet of a - ,i i. .L , r - " iu. last war , u uillpfi at niirwwe ,j;,(ar. ijnt tUmH.n; that all memory hal departed with the evening we were de!aiiml cue W and frlS occiioa. Th first aica m tlii. rnun'rv th m h.ihvIm. while the Naiitiln ran il.iwn la lh " i4 t the lUo 1, uui:rscrae fnrok - aj pretext, - - - , every ou was nuder the necessity of finding , for their M&r independent of the stage lax ol t - U1' dollars.'. , , - - . It oosrht m iostice be taid, that the carriages and borei cn this rout are excellent, the driven careful, and tho proprietor! ol he public bouoet very civil aou duuihk , v umu are made for a oonvTyance between A'ew.York andSlalen ltlaudonvhtcMhepubliccan atjitiia, travellers are recommeudtd to pursue any out in preference to Hie above. Que cf tht Patstnstrt, FROM OUR C0RRESP0.YJ)EjT. Office of the Courier, ? Charleston, July 12, 1818 $ On Saturday morning latt, whilst the workmen were employed in completiug tho new head or pier to Gibbt i Harper's (late I'riolcau'f) wharf, it suddenly slipped from its foundation into the channel, breaking two iron cables by which :t was attached to the old wharf, and pre - cipita the workmen into the water. Fortunately, however, they all escaped drowning, though wi h the loss ol tnost cf their tools. It is supposed that luis singular and most unexpected accident was caused by the immediate proximity of tho pier lo Ihe edge of, and there being near 100 ton of tloue ballast iu its part next to the chaunel. W regret the l.. of tbe enterprising owner., which is supposed to be from 7 to 10,000 dollars ; aud many apprehend seriou3 injury lo the navigation, from the uecesiary ob:trucliou to the channel of the river. More piracy The tchr Sight, rapt. Sylva, arrived at St. lago de Cuba, from this port, on the lOtls ult. after touching at Barracoa, in distress, having been plundered two days afler leaving thir, by a piratical privateer. The followiug particulars are furui. - hed by capt. Sylva : " Sailed from Cliarleston on the 21d pf May, bound fur .St. Jngo dc Cuba on the 2ith iT same month, in lat 211, 48, Ion 7fl, 25, at 10 A. M. was lioardcdbya pilot boat schaoner of about 35 tons burthen, manned with bout 2a men, all Engliih - m n, and showing no colors ; then in company with another armed schooner with two topsails ; the latter said to have left Savannah 14 days before. They boarded aud kept po?ses. - ion of the Sight till 4 o'clock, T. M. during which time they robbed capt. Sylva, his male mi l pastn - gcrs, of their clothes and ol different pieces l furniture, together with gcods belonging to the cargo and to the adventurers, and articles np - pcrtaining to tho vessel, viz. tho square rail, the gait maintopsail,' a pieco of Russia sheeting, all the new risgmg, and the provision, amounting in all to upwards of - lOOO." fit art of actual talet for vtrk fait. Cotton .Sea - Island, 73 a 73 cents per pound. Santees, 58 a CO Short Staple, 31 n 2.1 Rice Praiie, $6,50 second quality, fS. Flour Camden, (upO $10,S0 a $1 JiJr'hila - delphia, 10,50 a 11. Dry Goods. Nothing doing by the importers or auctioneers, and very little by tho retailers. Groceries. Some stir has been made in tbe market by speculators, who have purchased West - lndii Produce on the strength of an expected rupture with Spain. Most of the Sugar, Coffee and Molasses io town bave been bought up, and arc now held at prices above our late quotations. Brandy anid Holland Gin have both fallen little. 100 puncheons Antigua Hum, 3d proof, fold at auction at 1 1 1 cents. Rice Has advanced since our last to $G,C0. Very little ol prime quality to be h id. Cottons. Very dull, but holders unwilling to sell much under our quotations. Tobacco. Hut little at uisiket, and the do - maud limited ; first quality Georgia Tobacco, ui small lots, has sold this week at $10. Klour. The quantity on hand is considerably lessened, and the prices of last week fully supported. Corp Continues ut the quotations of the last twu or three weeks. Naval Stores. Sales very limited, and prices stationary. Freights Ob'ainrd with much difficulty two or three vessels arc taking iu slo.vly at Id. per lb. for Cotton to England. Ft - om .nana The sch Eagle, arrived here on Saturday, left Havana on the 4th inst. Up to that time, the Spanish authorities bad taken no step inimical to American commerce on the contrary, the governor had fiund it necessary to interpose his authority for the pniiec - tion of Americans in that city, against the violence of the lower orders of people, who were much irritated by the capture of l'ensacol.i. America produce had risen, under an. expectation that the partial interruption of trade with the I'nited States would abridge thcrpian - tity of their supplies. Some local inquietude exiited in Cuba, which required all the vigilance of the Governor General to keep down. The thice remaining schooners, which had on board a part of the garrison of Pensaco'.a, had not reached Havana on the 4th inst. A letter fi - om Havana, received by ihe schr. Eagle, dated 1st inst. says : "Tim tare getting extremely dull uith us but little doing in the shipping way, ami I scarcely recollect to have seen the harbor so bare of Americans notwithstanding, produce keeps up, and sulc of imports iliihxuli al saving prices. The topic of conversation f. r tlie week past lia been ihe subject of war between Spain and the - United States, and not without some cause for apprehension even among our best politicians W e had been for some time past apprised of Gi - n. Jackson's hostile appecance in the neighborhood of l'oii4r.oi:i, and 1 ist cue d with ridicule to the insinuations of the Spaniards that he intended to attarli ih.'.t pUe, but we were much staggered to itt on'tle Colli ult. lh American schooner Washington, bearing a " Flag of Truce," direct from rxu t, witu ' - panish troops and passengers, bringing with them Ihe capitulation of I'ens.icala to the American forces. I:i an instant Humor, with hcrtcn thousand mouths, announce d a declaration of war by the United States. Speculation was not asleep, you msy be assured ; the wise men sold to the fools 1 lo - ir, which was nierclv nominal at 1j, told for 19 and 2'J; Uice rose from 8 lo 10 in a moment, and the ulrde day was pissed in scheming speculation - ;, con jecturing causes, and invtiituig I es ; a scene ut as anxious confusion and solicitude as I re member to have witnessed. A confiscation of American property, and Embargo, we were tohl were to tike place immediately , - those who were ready for sea were damning tlie consignees because tLey were not cleared, and it was with no litUe difficulty that those who were discharging were restrained fiom tjli;i - ping tlieir cables and putting lo sea, without leave of license, " Moro pas," Doctor's bill," or " stores,' but the ntit dv, to the utter as tonishment ot all, Americans were iiifl'ered to depart in peace, and that fla - which Lad scarcely been seen on ilie Moro tut nearly three weeks, for two successive days was flying to umiotince arrivals trom all parts ol llie butcs Speculation died in spasms, and rumor Lav iug broke a blood vcsstl, bled to death, which closed the scene of conf ision. Things have again got settled, and l'ens.icola will likely suppiy us pretty much witli lumiicr atia tar, pitch, turpentine and shingles So tliat in tbe end, the supposed injured party will have the. best of the bargain ; tiir that place, whic'i has always been a tnx will now yield a revenue. The afJairin talked of now mercy as if it were a bruised leg tnm - fJicn!ion muy tahe place, but tne skin is only scratched. " thir nurkrt continues with little or no im - proveiTicmcnt Philadelphia id Baltimore flour 13; New - Orleans IJ 1 2 to 16 r.1 II mi. mile Vrlk before we laruud. when rice is cuitcd at j9 a quality w ould bring ovfr S 1 - 2 pjg. j bcxrdj and scantling. 0 co nee, sugar and moiastea wiinout a'va - riation. ' The city and harbor are not unusually aickley, but few caset of fever tave occur red lately." f . . . v. Arrived, sch Eagle, Sutton, Havana 5 dayt. Le ft brig Gov Jones, Daniel s sch Comet, An thony, to sail for this port in 2 or 3 davs ; sch Eudora, Vincent, ol this port, was tinder seizure at Havana. On the Tth inst lat 28, long 88, spoke sch Sally, Hums, 2 days out trom Matanzas, bound to Boston. The Eagle is de tained at Fort Johnson by order of the Fort Physician, until she is cleansed out. There are' no cases of sickness on "board, but tbe fever prevailed at Havana when, she left there. x From our Correspondent. Kuif - 'K HernM office, ) Juiy5U. $ The U. S. schr. Nonsuch, It. com. Claxlon, sailed from this iort yesterday morning, bound to Halliiliure. The sloop Raynham, Godfrey, of Dighton, Mass. is ashore to the southward of Cape IKn - ry, and vessel aud cargo advertised for sale by the ronimb - iuLt rs of wrecks. A small was mhoic on Saturday last at Willoughby' Point. Our orr - apoiiiloi,l at Gibraltar, writes under date of May 20 - .h " Letter from iiin this morning tay that under the recent royU order, lerlaring Cadiz and other places ports of deposit and entrepot, tin incrtuo quantity of goods were brought in aud ha ve been shipped again, paying Ihe duty of two per tent required but that at the moment when a' large amount was in store, nud in vessels in the bay, an order hat been made, reviving the eld dutus and condemning the goods thuj brought iu da transitu lo pay Ihem. So ends (he free ports of Spain." Latest from llnrana. Captain Cox, who left Havana the 10th instant, reports that the legations produced on tiie minds of the people there, by llio first intelligence of the capture of Pena - cola had subsided. A hostile disposition had been manifested iu the first instance by the governor; and an embargo had been laid on all the .Vncrh an shipping iu the port, but it was taken off in 41! hours after, and they were allow, ed to char out as usual without any new restrictions. An additional duty of $ I had been laid on Hour, which now pays .3 2 - i per barrel. The ycllmc J'tver was raging with great violence at Havana, and routinutd to sweep off largi numbers of the inhabitants aud strangers daily. Capt. Cox lost 5 of his crew by it. Flour was only wcrth 8 per barrel, exclusive of iluly. codec, per last sales, was 27 cents on board, and wry tcarce. Shipwreck. The brig Georgia, Charles C. Colesworth, of Savannah, from N. York, bound to Harien, (Geo.) to load for Liveriool, ran a - shore on the 15th instant, aboat 10 miles to thet south ol Currituck Inlet, ut n place called the Devil's Wood Yard vcuol totally lost crew saved with great difficulty. Tbe G. was ladon witli lumber, which will all be saved. The mate aid crew arrived in town this morning. Lartliquake at sea. Extract from tho logbook of the schr MajjrCrog'ian, rapt. Wont ten, (arrived at Norfolk oa f riday but,; iu 50 days from Gibraltar : " May 2a, lat Z: 59. Ion 1141, at noon, extremely warm and sultry, wind S. E. at 3 V. M. sen - il - ly felt a revere shock of an earthquake, wnicn roinmenceu under ttie bottom ol the vct - sc - l ; the sensation and souud resembling that of repeatedly striking hard bottom, or grounding on; its duration about fifteen teeonds, auJ ended with a rumb'ing noise to the N. W. inid - Ueand latter part squally." Arrived, British ship Mirniony, Rich, 19days from Grenada. ilrilish tuow, Harvey, filler, Cork, via St. Johns, N. F. 2y dayt from the lutler, with 6fi pMscftgtr. Sihr Major Croghan, Woolten. 52 days from Gibraltar. Sailed iu co with brig Caledonia, Jackson, bound to Philadelphia ; ship Jefferson, Gray, cf do. bouud to Cadiz, and about 40 o - Iber vessels, not recollcrltd. Schr Maria Ann, Histosway, N York, 48 hours from the Hook. Schr Win. St Henry, Amu, NYork, 58 hours from the Hook. .Schr Coaster, Van Name, 4 days from N York. Schr Mark - Time, Stark (late Cecse) 36 hours from L'alt.uiore. Informs that capt. Car? died at Petersburg on Friday last, of a bilious fever. Schr Union, Tirrell, 3 days from N York. Critih sloop Louisa, Grav, 20 days from An - ligua. Sloop Abeona, Knipp, 4 days from N York. Sloop Abeooa, AUmi, 4 days from NLondou. Sloop Alligator, Hart, bound to NYork, put back on account of head winds. Iu Hampton Roads, brig Perseverance, El - lingwood, 13 days from Wiscasset. At Q jarautiue, ech Charles K. Mallorv, Cox, 9 days from Havana. Left there, July 10, brig Eugene from Baltimore, just finished discharg - "g, and wat advertised for sale ; rhips Camillas, Llioatc, lor Charleston in 8 or 10 days; Mem - mack, J.ickson, just be to load for Triestn would rail in 11 or 15 dayi ; brigs Thomas. White, for f!o?ton, had nearly loadod, would tail In 4 or 5 dayt ; Trader, Brooks, of Salem, just discharged; America, Hanna, had began to load; ll::ro, Nitholon, had just arrived from Ro - tou j Caroline Augusta, Wills, from Gibraltar, had begin to load for Cowes aud a matket ; jl large new brig Irom Path, loaded with lum ber, arrived a few days before tho C.K.M. sailed, and had began to discharge. A largo number of other American veisc - 1. were in port; witli the names of which, where from, or where hound, capt. C. was not acquainted. 5'poke the 11th inst. tear the, and opposite the Mnfanzasi ship James Dualap, Richards of I..T, - !i - n, had touched at Janalca and sailed a - Ciu the ime day, bound to Kcnncbcck river, a!! well thinks he t'.w the same ship acr iia be fore lie cleared tbe G ulf. F.stracti of letters dated at Liverpool, 4;h kiid j'.h .In if. ! Within the last few davs our Flour Market Ins become more steady, raid higher prices hiive tt:i ge ieially a - .ked bv the holders. Yesttrday about 000 barrels were taken by the trail" 44 a 45s. and same small lots of Phila delphia have been sold fir 4ti pe: - bbl. For wheat too, there is more demand both here and in London. The weather i very line, but if it continues much lunger without rain, the country will sufi'er. Gotten is steady at CO 1 - 2J. a ill tor Upland, 1!1U a Z I t! tor fS Orleans, and 3s a 3 lUd.pcr lb. for Era Island. " Auicrictti Uice in bond may be quoted at 3d per cu t and 45s. would be given for duty paid. The sal s of AhfS are vcrv limited at our quotations, viz : Hoslnii Pols 51s. a 55s New - York do. 53 a 543. ; Montreal, 52 a 53s. ; Pearls, 55 C a 56s. Gel. per cu t." 'Cwi the Eoiton l)al .Idtertiser, Juli21 We wer y - t rday Intoned by Mr. Topliff, ol the Merchants' Hall Reading - Kooni, witli l)ub - h'l pa;r toJunr 5, containing Lond'ni dates up to June 1st, butthty contain uoaiticles of newt or interest. Cum Kzrhange, l.ondr.n, Jitnr 1. The supply ! linglisli VMifal this morning was vert 'inrdl, but e continue to receive large quantities (.'iuii abroad, yet line Foreign wat iu brisk dmuand, having many country buyers nt niar - k'.'t, and a considerable q iantity wat dispnsed 'of. ondlvst Aloml.iv'l Iirice were o btaineil. "I Foreign Parley it 3s. pr r quarter denrer than on 'hit day week, and a lew samples of fine quality, of our own growth, that appeared, sold readily at an aJvaiice of from Is to 2s per qaarter. Bean aic 2s. nnd Oats are It. per quarter cheaper, io other articles there is no alteration. We yesterday received Gibraltar papers to Msy 30, from it Inch we extract the following articles : GIBRALTAR, May 53. 11. M. S. 7;pt arrived in thit bay oq tiie IVth intf. from Almndria, Fypt, havirg cn bda two Soa. of tbe Knperor a a Moroeto! wrfh tu' fcmte, returning from a rilgriniaee to Mecca - 1 1 he Tagot tailed this day for Taosiera wiir. tlie ir highnesses will disembark. captain r itzclnrence, Aide de Camp loth. Govn nor General of India, came passenger i the Tgu from Alexandria. He it the bearer ofdetpatchri from theIarqoit of Hastings. May 30 Official advicet from 'Algiers, to 12Ui intt. were received by H.M. frigate Spar! tan. The eieatht at Algiers amouuted to from 50 lo 83 daily, and those of Oran exceeded lOOdai. ly. The disease had extended ittelf wettward into the territory of Morocco, and wr.s parti, larly fatal to a tribe of natives rolled Berkins" inhabiting a tract of country ot the foot, aud to tho eastward of Mount Atlas. It aprears that the new - Dc; of Algiers was conducting himself with great moderation. v , , , r HALIFAX, July 4. e'rrday wet It a fire w,n discovered in th. soil w - od IkiiiIs near Porter's Lake, and toon afterwards communicated to the Plantation! be" longing to Uufiu Fairbanks, Esq. tvhtrb itrnnirt" ly destroyed w ills the cropt ndiounng On Mon davit ngain broke out indifferent places ani ri - u wiui iii.uniueu violence mrcugn rretton. It has not at yet, we nniVrsland, crossed the road to nt to coruniunicate to the Barren. ' Uuriiiir th bit 10 (lavs, the woods h.iv. partially on fire in other iuarti rt of ih - ent ironi of tlie Peninsula, r od on WrdncJay last the conflagration assuiui'd a scriout appearance ia the vicinity ol Hnnimond l'l.iins ; the wind then blowine slrona from that direction. th h! greatly felt in town, and Iar;e flakes ol 6ro where lucked up in Ihe town, The turroundirc liret aie (till rac'in, and the present unusual lra son, reiidert it a prudent measure of every frierj ol the community to be particularly cautioui how l.e expntct and combustible or drv suh! stance, whii h, if onimnnicatsd to. mi - l.t - ger the tafetyof Halifax. BALTIMORE, July 15 We understand that Judge Blmd. Ihe U ' roinmitsioner remnimug in South America ex - lctt to meet the Ontario, at Valparaito in Aii - cust or September Di - xt, and return in her to as io reacn r.ome anoui Hie tHgtnniLgoflifcember. We tlinuld tuppose that the great cnango in lb prociwrts o( Chili, and itt probable adjoining provinde of Teru, will nuke it iropor tant to bring down information to a oeriod at late at possible prior to Ihe session of Congrett. when it it more than probable the executive will becal. led on lor information, unlets thev should b much less inquisitive than the last Congrett. I HlLADEI.riHA, July 22. We understand, that the. Bridse at Grav't fer. ry, was carried away by tlie freshet on Monday. The briir Joseph S. Lewis, from Genoa, wat struck by lightning on Monday, in the bay, which 'considerably injured her foremast, nnd seriously hurt three of her men bnt are ail doins well I he J. ft. L. tailed from Genoa the 23tli AuriL and Gibraltar tbe 2d June. HUDSON", July 21. On Fundiv an Indian of the Slockbridue tribe named John Williams wat committed to the jail in thit city for kiliinc another Indian by the name of Isaac Rogers. We heard but few particulars more limn that Williams, brirtr drunk, was beat ing Us squaw, when Rogers iuterfer,ul, and received one or two blows, which he did not long survive. . Tbe affair took place ia the town ot' Livingston. Williams tried to make bis escape, when he found that be bad killed Rogers, and was apprehended ia Rensselaer county. From the Intelligencer, JiJi 21. Mr. De Onis, the Spanish Minister, returned to bis summer residence at Bristol, a fewdajs ago. 1 he Secretary of the Treasury has) departed from the city, on a short visit to Georgia. Mr. Uodney, the Southern Commissioner, and Mr. Braekenridge, the Secretary, have let I tins city lor tlieir respect rve residences. .MiLtnrwsrviitx, July & ' A gentleman who passed through th Creek ., Nation since the general moetlngofthe Indians at Fort Mitchell, on the Tth ult. informt us that the Agent has succeeded in making ami - cLle arrangements with' them, for the destruction of the Chehaw village. We also learn, that, cliirutg the council, the Indians agreed to abolish some of their tuvage customs and constitute others loss barbarous. It is said the Indians conducted themselves with much propriety Uuimg the whole meeting. ALEXANDRIA, July 20. Daring On - Saturday evening !., lii ttvern 8 and I) o'clock, as a gcntlemaa and hit wife ivtien; walking in one of our most frtqumb d streets, they were rudely assaulted by three, one of whom seized and held (ha eeulhanan while another itrarped the lady round ' ine tttc'k. a u ci tore tne car ring out oi one ei ner ears, when thev all made cn. A crowd collected and in a little while one of the villuins bad tne impudence to re - appear in. tlie crowd, (). cling to be quite ignorant of the whole affcir, end appeared to anxious to know the cause of the bustle. He cver, recognised by (he gentle man and others, uppreheoded aud committed lo prison. We are informed says the Richmond Enquir er, by en officer cf the army, that a letter but been received in town, staling that Colonel Georire M. Brooke it at present actios at Gov ernor of West Florida. Concert at the tftealre Tomorrow evening, as the bills inform ur, the theatre will be opened for the purpose of enabling the public to witnest an exhibition of the lint order of musical talents, both male and female. By casting one's eye at Ihe particulars of the entertainment and at the names and number of tlie several vocal pertorm - it will be seen that mere is to oe orougui m - ... . .. ... . C, ward on thit occation decidedly the moil pro mising union of taleut.that New - York or any city . . i r T . , . :. .1 rmm tl.a appearance of the box book, anlicipatioa greatly excited : it cannot be too much to. COMMUNICATION. - . Among the various amu.emenU now offered to the citizens of this city, none are more rational, pleasing, instructing and interest''f' than those exhibited at tlie Creus, c) Pepin's ctpiestrian company j and we arehspry to learn that they are patronised by e',tiien?: the first respectability. Ve undersUnd tli" the Cirrus will be honored, this evening it the company i.fhis excellency the Vice President of the United State, and family 1 Com - mvdore Chaiincev, his familv, and all the prin cipal officers of tic Washington 74, now m harbor. On the occasion, we are tolc, Mr - Pepin ill spare neither pains nor expence to make ihe performances as briliiant and migtu ficent as possible. . II a K If 11 - 11 At Jamuici, on Mnfcday evening last, by llev. Mr. achoonniukcr, Mr. Charles tPb""l' merchant, to Miss Maria Chardovojue, botn of this city. ' ......... , , is WWU POST MJIHIA'H LIST. CI.F.ARF.H. Ship Brunswick, Ncum.iii, ladius, Delano, Ijverpool London F. MoorewooJ HambuT ACuningham ' WastmgioK, N - G - Pbiladelphi West InJ' Brig Julia, Macy, Scbr Clarissa, flurk, jsrbr Ho;, Kalbburn, Stuon Flia, M'lutj re, . iniTn''i'i7rI aYl BFATOITLY. fch I at tltr. I.tffirgwcU 4G duyjfrom G: dwelling house, nnd grenHy iniurir.g the pro - J ty in that quarter. On Wednesday and Thurs. the wind blew pretty fresh, nr.d it has aiiw. .." I n -

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